Uploaded by cirt715


India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi: Bhārat
Gaṇarājya; English: Republic of India), is a country
located in South Asia. It is the seventh largest
country in the world in terms of area. It is the second
most populated country, and the largest democracy in
the world. With the Indian Ocean to the south, the
Arabian Sea to the west, and the Bay of Bengal to the
east, the country's coastline is 7,517 kilometers long.
Its capital is New Delhi. Aryans, who crossed the
Himalayas in 2000 years, laid the foundation of a
lifestyle that would last for centuries in India. Later,
the Maurya Empire dominated India. After the
collapse of this empire, the Hun attacks put an end to
the dominance of the Guptas in the country. After
that, the period of principalities established in the
country and the wars between them passed. Muslims
first came to India in the eighth century. In 712,
Mohammed bin Qasim's army entered India.
Following this, the conquests of Muslim Arab armies
and Ghaznavids were seen in the country. The
expeditions of the Ghaznavids, initiated during the
reign of Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni, resulted in the
conquest of the whole of India during the reign of
Muhammad Guri Khan. After that, Mamluks in 12061290, Halacians in 1290-1320, Tugluks in 1320-
1413, and Ludis until 1526. At the beginning of the
fifteenth century, Timur Khan annexed a large part of
India with his army. Thus began the Turkish-Indian
Empire in India. Babur Shah, a descendant of Timur
Khan, conquered all of India and established the
Gorganiye (Mughal Empire) State (see Mughal
Empire). This state ruled for 342 years in the region
until the British invasion of India. During the Mughal
Empire, hundreds of great Islamic scholars grew up
in India and showed people the right way and taught
knowledge. They destroyed the bid'ahs that were
intended to be introduced into the religion of Islam.
Some of the most famous among these great scholars
are Imam-i Rabbani, Muhammed Ma'sum Faruki,
Ubeydullah-i Ahrar, Muhammad Zahid, Dervish
Muhammad, Muhammad Baki-billah, Nur
Muhammed Bedevani, Mazhar-i Can-i
ikimmmIndia, which is completely
north of the equator, is in the hot zone. Lowland
areas are humid and hot throughout the year. The
main features of the Indian climate are monsoons,
trade winds, temperature and irregular precipitation.
In India, summers are rainy and winters are dry. The
monthly average temperature varies between 25-
35°C. There are areas covered with snow at altitudes
of 4500-5000 m.
The rains brought by the monsoon winds vary
according to the regions. The average precipitation in
mountainous regions reaches 508 millimeters. This
average reaches 254 mm in the Tar Desert, 10,000
mm in Assam, 254 mm in the Deccan, and 5000 mm
in the Western Ghats.
Tabi Vegetation and animals: It is one of the richest
countries in the world in terms of natural resources.
22% of the country's land is forested. Especially the
foothills of the Himalayas are densely forested. The
forests in the foothills of the Himalayas do not shed
their leaves. They are composed of palms, lianas,
oak, bamboo and laurel trees. There are large forests
in the northeastern part of the Deccan and in the
Ganges Plain. The trees of these forests shed their
leaves during the dry season.
the highlands and jungles of India; It has all kinds of
wild animals, endangered birds and very rare animals
in the world. There are predatory animals such as
tigers, leopards and lions. Wild animals such as
wolves, bears, wild cats and foxes are abundant.
There are elephant, musk deer, monkey, crocodile,
lizard, scorpion, various types of snakes and all kinds
of birds.
Mines: India is a raw material warehouse in terms of
mines and has drawn nations throughout history. It
has 25% of the world's iron reserves and 80% of the
mica reserves. It is the second country in the world in
terms of bauxite reserves and the third country in
terms of manganese reserves.
Other underground mines mined in India are
chromium, lead, coal, gold, silver, copper, uranium,
titanium and petroleum. In addition, limestone and
ammonium sulphate fertilizer and gypsum necessary
for reinforced concrete and liquid gypsum are mined
in Rayasthan and Gujarat regions. India is one of the
few countries in the world in terms of diamonds and