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Forty-Hadith-al-Nawawi

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Forty Hadith An-Nawawi in English and Arabic
Translated by Abu Amina Elias
In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful
The following are the most important prophetic traditions in Islam according to Yaḥyá
ibn Sharaf al-Nawawī:
________________________________________
Hadith 1: Deeds are by intentions ‫إنما األعمال بالنيات‬
Umar ibn Al-Khattab reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon
him, said:
‫َّللا َو َرسُولِ ِه َو َمنأ َكا َن أ‬
‫ئ َما َن َوى َف َمنأ َكا َن أ‬
‫ت ِهجأ َر ُت ُه لِ ُد أن َيا‬
ِ َّ ‫َّللا َو َرسُولِ ِه َف ِهجأ َر ُت ُه إِلَى‬
ِ َّ ‫ت ِهجأ َر ُت ُه إِلَى‬
ٍ ‫إِ َّن َما أاْلَعأ َما ُل ِبال ِّن َّي ِة َوإِ َّن َما ِِل أم ِر‬
‫اج َر إِلَ أي ِه‬
َ ‫يُصِ ي ُب َها أَ أو ا أم َرأَ ٍة َي َت َزوَّ جُ َها َف ِهجأ َر ُت ُه إِلَى َما َه‬
Verily, deeds are only with intentions. Verily, every person will have only what
they intended. Whoever emigrated to Allah and His Messenger, then his
emigration is for Allah and His Messenger. Whoever emigrated to get something
in the world or to marry a woman, then his emigration is for whatever he
emigrated for.
Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 54, Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi
________________________________________
Hadith 2: Islam, faith, and excellence ‫اإلسالم واإليمان واإلحسان‬
Umar ibn Al-Khattab reported: We were sitting with the Messenger of Allah, peace and
blessings be upon him, one day when a man appeared with very white clothes and very
black hair. There were no signs of travel on him and we did not recognize him. He sat
down in front of the Prophet and rested his knees by his knees and placed his hands on
his thighs. The man said, “O Muhammad, tell me about Islam.” The Prophet said:
َّ ‫صلَّى‬
َّ ‫اْلسأ ََل ُم أَنأ َت أشهَدَ أَنأ َِل إِلَ َه إِ َِّل‬
َّ ‫َّللا ُ َعلَ أي ِه َو َسلَّ َم َو ُتقِي َم الص َََّل َة َو ُت أؤت َِي‬
‫ان‬
َ ‫ض‬
َ ‫الز َكا َة َو َتصُو َم َر َم‬
َ ‫َّللا‬
ِ َّ ‫َّللا ُ َوأَنَّ م َُح َّم ًدا َرسُو ُل‬
ِ‫أ‬
ً‫َو َت ُح َّج أال َبيأتَ إِنأ اسأ َت َطعأ تَ إِلَ أي ِه َس ِبيَل‬
Islam is to witness that there is no God but Allah and Muhammad is the
Messenger of Allah, to establish prayer, to give the alms, the fast the month of
Ramadan, and to perform pilgrimage to the House if he is capable of travel.
The man said, “You have spoken truthfully.” We were surprised that he asked him and
then said he was truthful. He said, “Tell me about faith.” The Prophet said:
‫اَّلل َو َم ََل ِئ َك ِت ِه َو ُك ُت ِب ِه َو ُر ُسلِ ِه َو أال َي أو ِم أاْلخ ِِر َو ُت أؤم َِن ِب أال َقدَ ِر َخي ِأر ِه َو َشرِّ ِه‬
ِ َّ ‫أَنأ ُت أؤم َِن ِب‬
Faith is to believe in Allah, His angels, His books, His messengers, the Last Day,
and to believe in providence, both its good and its evil.
The man said, “You have spoken truthfully. Tell me about excellence.” The Prophet
said:
‫ك‬
َ ‫ك َت َراهُ َفإِنأ لَ أم َت ُكنأ َت َراهُ َفإِ َّن ُه َي َرا‬
َ ‫َّللا َكأ َ َّن‬
َ َّ ‫أَنأ َتعأ ُب َد‬
Excellence is to worship Allah as if you see Him, for you do not see Him but He
certainly sees you.
The man said, “Tell me about the final hour.” The Prophet said:
‫َما أال َمسأ ُئو ُل َع أن َها ِبأَعأ لَ َم ِمنأ السَّائ ِِل‬
The one asked does not know more than the one asking.
The man said, “Tell me about its signs.” The Prophet said:
‫ان‬
َ ُ‫أَنأ َتلِ َد أاْلَ َم ُة َر َّب َت َها َوأَنأ َت َرى أال ُح َفا َة أالع َُرا َة أال َعالَ َة ِر َعا َء ال َّشا ِء َي َت َط َاول‬
ِ ‫ون فِي أال ُب أن َي‬
The servant girl will give birth to her mistress and you will see barefoot, naked,
and destitute shepherds compete in constructing tall buildings.
Then the man left and I remained. The Prophet said to me:
‫َيا ُع َم ُر أَ َت أد ِري َمنأ السَّا ِئ ُل‬
O Umar, do you know who he was?
I said, “Allah and His messenger know best.” The Prophet said:
‫َفإِ َّن ُه ِجب ِأري ُل أَ َتا ُك أم ي َُعلِّ ُم ُك أم دِي َن ُك أم‬
Verily, he was Gabriel who came to teach you your religion.
Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 8, Grade: Sahih
________________________________________
Hadith 3: Pillars of Islam ‫أركان اإلسالم‬
Ibn Umar reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:
َّ ‫أس َعلَى أَنأ يُعأ َب َد‬
َّ ‫َّللا ُ َو ُي أك َف َر ِب َما ُدو َن ُه َوإِ َق ِام الص َََّل ِة َوإِي َتا ِء‬
‫ان‬
ِ ‫الز َكا ِة َو َح ِّج أال َب أي‬
َ ‫ض‬
َ ‫ص أو ِم َر َم‬
َ ‫ت َو‬
ٍ ‫اْلسأ ََل ُم َعلَى َخم‬
ِ ‫ُبن َِي أ‬
Islam is built upon five: to worship Allah and to disbelieve in what is worshiped
besides him, to establish prayer, to give charity, to perform Hajj pilgrimage to the
House, and to fast the month of Ramadan.
Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 8, Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi
________________________________________
Hadith 4: Providence ‫القضاء والقدر‬
Abdullah ibn Masud reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon
him, said:
‫ِك ُث َّم يُرأ َس ُل‬
َ ‫ك مُضأ غَ ًة م أِث َل َذل‬
َ ِ‫ك ُث َّم َي ُكونُ فِي َذل‬
َ ِ‫ك َعلَ َق ًة م أِث َل َذل‬
َ ِ‫ِين َي أومًا ُث َّم َي ُكونُ فِي َذل‬
َ ‫إِنَّ أَ َحدَ ُك أم يُجأ َم ُع َخ ألقُ ُه فِي َب أط ِن أ ُ ِّم ِه أَرأ َبع‬
َ
َ
َ
ُ َ‫أال َمل‬
‫ب ِر أز ِق ِه َوأ َجلِ ِه َو َع َملِ ِه َو َشقِيٌّ أ أو َسعِي ٌد َف َوالَّذِي َِل إِلَ َه غَ أي ُرهُ إِنَّ أ َحدَ ُك أم لَ َيعأ َم ُل‬
ٍ ‫ك َف َي أنفُ ُخ فِي ِه الرُّ و َح َوي أُؤ َم ُر ِبأَرأ َب ِع َكلِ َما‬
ِ ‫ت ِب َك أت‬
َ
َ
‫ار َف َي أد ُخل ُ َها َوإِنَّ أَ َحدَ ُك أم لَ َيعأ َم ُل ِب َع َم ِل‬
ِ ‫ِب َع َم ِل أهأ ِل أال َج َّن ِة َح َّتى َما َي ُكونُ َب أي َن ُه َو َب أي َن َها إِ َِّل ذ َِرا ٌع َف َيسأ ِب ُق َعلَ أي ِه أال ِك َتابُ َف َيعأ َم ُل ِب َع َم ِل أهأ ِل ال َّن‬
َ
َ
‫أ‬
‫أ‬
ُ
َّ
‫ار َح َّتى َما َي ُكونُ َب أي َن ُه َو َب أي َن َها إِِل ذ َِرا ٌع َف َيسأ ِب ُق َعلَ أي ِه ال ِك َتابُ َف َيعأ َم ُل ِب َع َم ِل أهأ ِل ال َج َّن ِة َف َي أد ُخل َها‬
ِ ‫أهأ ِل ال َّن‬
Verily, the creation of each one of you is brought together in his mother’s womb
for forty days as a drop, then he is a clot for a similar period, then a morsel for a
similar period, then there is sent to him the angel who blows the spirit into him
and he is commanded regarding four matters: to write down his provision, his life
span, his deeds, and whether he is blessed or damned. By Allah other than whom
there is no God, one of you acts like the people of Paradise until he is but an
arm’s length from it, and what is written overtakes him so he acts like the people
of Hellfire and he enters it. Verily, one of you acts like the people of Hellfire until
he is but an arm’s length from it, and what is written overtakes him so he acts like
the people of Paradise and he enters it.
Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 7016, Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi
________________________________________
Hadith 5: Religious innovation ‫البدعة‬
Aisha reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, said:
َ ‫َمنأ أَحأ د‬
‫أس فِي ِه َفه َُو َر ٌّد‬
َ ‫َث فِي أَ أم ِر َنا َه َذا َما لَي‬
Whoever innovates something into this matter of ours which does not belong to it
will have it rejected.
Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 2550, Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi
In another narration, the Prophet said:
‫أس َعلَ أي ِه أَمأ ُر َنا َفه َُو َر ٌّد‬
َ ‫َمنأ َع ِم َل َع َم ًَل لَي‬
Whoever performs a deed that is not in accordance with our matter will have it
rejected.
Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 1718, Grade: Sahih
________________________________________
Hadith 6: Lawful and unlawful are clear ‫الحالل بين والحرام بين‬
Al-Nu’man ibn Bashir reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon
him, said:
ٌ ‫أال َح ََل ُل َبيِّنٌ َو أال َح َرا ُم َبيِّنٌ َو َب أي َن ُه َما ُم َش َّب َه‬
‫ت اسأ َتب َأرأَ لِدِي ِن ِه َوعِ رأ ضِ ِه َو َمنأ َو َق َع فِي‬
ِ ‫اس َف َمنأ ا َّت َقى أال ُم َش َّب َها‬
ِ ‫ات َِل َيعأ َل ُم َها َكثِي ٌر ِمنأ ال َّن‬
َ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َّ
ُ ِ‫اع َيرأ َعى َح أو َل أال ِح َمى يُوش‬
‫ار ُم ُه أ َِل َوإِنَّ فِي‬
ِ ‫ال ُّش ُب َها‬
ِ ‫ك أنأ ي َُوا ِق َع ُه أ َِل َوإِنَّ لِ ُك ِّل َملِكٍ ِحمًى أ َِل إِنَّ ِح َمى‬
ِ ‫َّللا فِي أرأ ضِ ِه َم َح‬
ٍ ‫ت َك َر‬
َ
‫أ‬
‫أ‬
ً
ُّ
َ
ُّ
َ
ُ
ُ
َ
َ
َ
‫أ‬
‫أ‬
َ
َ
ُ
ُ
َ
‫ُضأ‬
ُ‫ِي أال َق ألب‬
ُ
ُ
‫ه‬
‫و‬
‫ِل‬
‫أ‬
‫ه‬
‫ل‬
‫ك‬
‫د‬
‫س‬
‫ج‬
‫ال‬
‫د‬
‫س‬
‫ف‬
‫دَت‬
‫س‬
‫ف‬
‫ا‬
‫ذ‬
‫إ‬
‫و‬
‫ه‬
‫ل‬
‫ك‬
‫د‬
‫س‬
‫ج‬
‫ال‬
‫ح‬
‫ل‬
‫ص‬
‫ت‬
‫ح‬
‫ل‬
‫ص‬
‫ا‬
‫ذ‬
‫إ‬
‫ة‬
‫غ‬
‫م‬
‫أال َج َس ِد‬
َ
َ َ
َ َ
َ
َ
َ َ َ َ
َ َ
ِ َ
ِ
Verily, the lawful is clear and the unlawful is clear, and between the two of them
are doubtful matters about which many people do not know. Thus, he who avoids
doubtful matters clears himself in regard to his religion and his honor, and he
who falls into doubtful matters will fall into the unlawful as the shepherd who
pastures near a sanctuary, all but grazing therein. Verily, every king has a
sanctum and the sanctum of Allah is his prohibitions. Verily, in the body there is
a piece of flesh which if upright then the entire body is upright, and if corrupt
then the entire body is corrupt. No doubt it is the heart.
Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 52, Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi
In another narration, the Prophet said:
‫ب أال ِح َمى‬
ِ ‫ان َك أالمُرأ ت ِِع إِلَى َج أن‬
َ ‫ك اسأ َتب َأرأَ لِ ِعرأ ضِ ِه َودِي ِن ِه َو َمنأ أَرأ َت َع فِي ِه َك‬
َ ِ‫َلل َمنأ َف َع َل َذل‬
ِ ‫اجأ َعلُوا َب أي َن ُك أم َو َبي َأن أال َح َر ِام ُس أت َر ًة م َِن أال َح‬
َ
َّ
ُ ِ‫يُوش‬
‫ار ُم ُه‬
ِ ‫ك أَنأ َي َق َع فِي ِه َوإِنَّ لِ ُك ِّل َملِكٍ ِحمًى َوإِنَّ ِح َمى‬
ِ ‫َّللا فِي اْلرأ‬
ِ ‫ض َم َح‬
Make between yourself and the unlawful a barrier of what is lawful. Whoever does
so will clear himself in regard to his honor and his religion. A shepherd who
grazes near the side of a sanctum will nearly fall into it. Verily, every king has a
sanctum and the sanctum of Allah is his prohibitions.
Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Ibn Ḥibbān 5685, Grade: Sahih
________________________________________
Hadith 7: Religion is Good Will ‫الدين النصيحة‬
Tamim al-Dari reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him,
said:
‫يح ُة‬
َ ِ‫ين ال َّنص‬
َ ‫إِنَّ ال ِّد‬
Verily, the religion is sincerity.
We said, “To whom?” The Prophet said:
‫ِين َو َعا َّمت ِِه أم‬
َ ‫ِين َو َعا َّمت ِِه أم َوأَ ِئ َّم ِة أالمُسأ لِم‬
َ ‫َّلل َو ِك َت ِاب ِه َو َرسُولِ ِه َوأَ ِئ َّم ِة أالم أُؤ ِمن‬
ِ َّ ِ
To Allah, His book, His messenger, the leaders of the Muslims, and their common
people.
Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 55, Grade: Sahih
________________________________________
Hadith 8: Jihād in the way of Allah ‫الجهاد في سبيل هللا‬
Jabir reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:
َّ ‫َّللا ُ َفإِ َذا َقالُوا َِل إِلَ َه إِ َِّل‬
َّ ‫اس َح َّتى َيقُولُوا َِل إِلَ َه إِ َِّل‬
ُ ‫أ ُ ِمرأ‬
‫صمُوا ِم ِّني ِد َما َء ُه أم َوأَم َأوالَ ُه أم إِ َِّل ِب َح ِّق َها َوح َِسا ُب ُه أم َعلَى‬
َ ‫َّللا ُ َع‬
َ ‫ت أَنأ أ ُ َقا ِت َل ال َّن‬
‫َّللا‬
ِ َّ
I have been commanded to fight the people until they say there is no God but
Allah. If they say there is no God but Allah, then they will be granted protection
from me for their lives and property, except by right of justice, and their
reckoning is with Allah.
Then, the Prophet recited the verse:
‫ُص أيطِ ٍر‬
َ ‫إِ َّن َما أَ أنتَ ُم َذ ِّك ٌر لَسأ تَ َعلَي ِأه أم ِبم‬
Verily, you are only a reminder. You are not over them as a dictator. (88:22)
Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 21, Grade: Sahih
Ibn Taymiyah comments on this tradition, writing:
َّ ‫ِين أَ َم َر‬
َّ ‫ِين أَذ َِن‬
‫َّللاُ ِب َو َفا ِء َع أه ِد ِه أم‬
َ ‫ِين الَّذ‬
َ ‫َّللا ُ فِي ِق َتال ِِه أم لَ أم ي ُِر أد ِق َتا َل أال ُم َعا َهد‬
َ ‫ين الَّذ‬
َ ‫ار ِب‬
ِ ‫م َُرا ُدهُ ِق َتا ُل أالم َُح‬
The meaning of this tradition is to fight those who are waging war, whom Allah has
called us to fight. It does not mean to fight those who have made peace, with whom
Allah has commanded us to fulfill their peace.
Source: Majmū’ al-Fatāwá 19/20
And Ibn Rajab writes:
‫وب ِه أم َقهأرً ا َو َِل ُم َكلَّ ًفا ِب َذل َِك‬
ِ َّ ‫أك َت أذكِي ُر ُه أم ِب‬
َ ‫َو أال َمعأ َنى إِ َّن َما َعلَي‬
ِ ‫اَّلل َو َدعأ َو ُت ُه أم إِلَ أي ِه َولَسأ تَ م َُسلَّ ًطا َعلَى إِ أد َخ‬
ِ ُ ‫ان فِي قُل‬
ِ ‫اْلي َم‬
ِ ‫ال أ‬
The meaning is that your duty is only to remind them about Allah and to preach to them.
You do not have authority to insert faith into their hearts by force; you are not
responsible for that.
Source: Jāmi’ al-‘Ulūm wal-Ḥikam 1/236
________________________________________
Hadith 9: Responsibility within one’s capacity ‫التكليف بما يستطاع‬
Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:
‫ين ِمنأ َق أبلِ ُك أم َك أث َرةُ َم َسا ِئل ِِه أم َو أ‬
‫اخت ََِلفُ ُه أم َعلَى أَ أن ِب َيائ ِِه أم‬
َ ‫ك الَّ ِذ‬
َ َ‫َما َن َه أي ُت ُك أم َع أن ُه َفاجأ َت ِنبُوهُ َو َما أَ َمرأ ُت ُك أم ِب ِه َفا أف َعلُوا ِم أن ُه َما اسأ َت َطعأ ُت أم َفإِ َّن َما أَهأ ل‬
Avoid what I have forbidden for you and do what I have commanded you as much
as you are able. Verily, the people before you were destroyed only because of
their excessive questioning and differing with their prophets.
Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 6858, Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi
In another narration, the Prophet said:
‫ان َق أبلَ ُك أم ِب َك أث َر ِة س َُؤالِ ِه أم َو أ‬
‫اخت ََِلف ِِه أم َعلَى أَ أن ِب َيائ ِِه أم‬
َ ‫ك َمنأ َك‬
َ َ‫ا أت ُر ُكونِي َما َت َر أك ُت ُك أم َفإِ َذا َحد أَّث ُت ُك أم َف ُخ ُذوا َع ِّني َفإِ َّن َما َهل‬
Leave me with what I have left you. When I narrate a saying to you, then take it
from me. Verily, the people before you were destroyed only because of their
excessive questioning and differing with their prophets.
Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 2679, Grade: Sahih
________________________________________
Hadith 10: Restriction to what is lawful and wholesome ‫االقتصار على الحالل الطيب‬
Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:
َّ ‫ِين َف َقا َل َيا أَ ُّي َها الرُّ ُس ُل ُكلُوا ِمنأ‬
‫ت‬
ِ ‫الط ِّي َبا‬
َ ‫ِين ِب َما أَ َم َر ِب ِه أالمُرأ َسل‬
َ ‫َّللا أَ َم َر أالم أُؤ ِمن‬
َ َّ َّ‫َّللا َطيِّبٌ َِل َي أق َب ُل إِ َِّل َط ِّيبًا َوإِن‬
َ َّ َّ‫أَ ُّي َها ال َّناسُ إِن‬
‫ت َما َر َز أق َنا ُك أم‬
ِ ‫ِين آ َم ُنوا ُكلُوا ِمنأ َط ِّي َبا‬
َ ‫ون َعلِي ٌم َو َقا َل َيا أَ ُّي َها الَّذ‬
َ ُ ‫صالِحً ا إِ ِّني ِب َما َتعأ َمل‬
َ ‫َواعأ َملُوا‬
O people, Allah is pure and He accepts only what is pure. Verily, Allah has
commanded the believers as He commanded His messengers. Allah said: O
messengers, eat from good things and act righteously, for I know what you
do.(23:51) And Allah said: O you who believe, eat from good things We have
provided for you. (2:172)
Abu Huraira added:
َ ‫ُث َّم َذ َك َر الرَّ ُج َل يُطِ ي ُل ال َّس َف َر أَ أش َع‬
‫ِي‬
َ ‫ث أَ أغ َب َر َي ُم ُّد يَدَ أي ِه إِلَى ال َّس َما ِء َيا َربِّ َيا َربِّ َو َم أط َع ُم ُه َح َرا ٌم َو َم أش َر ُب ُه َح َرا ٌم َو َم أل َب ُس ُه َح َرا ٌم َو ُغذ‬
‫ك‬
َ ِ‫ِب أال َح َر ِام َفأ َ َّنى يُسأ َت َجابُ لِ َذل‬
Then, the Prophet mentioned a man who traveled far, becoming disheveled and dusty
and he raises his hands to the sky, saying, “O Lord! O Lord!” while his food is unlawful,
his drink is unlawful, his clothing is unlawful, and he is nourished by the unlawful, so
how can he be answered?
Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 1015, Grade: Sahih
________________________________________
Hadith 11: Refrain from doubts ‫التورع عن الشبهات‬
Al-Hasan ibn Ali reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him,
said:
ُ َ‫ُك َفإِنَّ الص أِّدق‬
‫ِب ِري َب ٌة‬
َ ‫ط َمأأنِي َن ٌة َوإِنَّ أال َكذ‬
َ ‫ك إِلَى َما َِل َي ِريب‬
َ ‫دَعأ َما َي ِري ُب‬
Leave what makes you doubt for what does not make you doubt. Verily, truth
brings peace of mind and falsehood sows doubt.
Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 2518, Grade: Sahih
________________________________________
Hadith 12: Leaving what does not concern the Muslim ‫ترك ما ال يعني المسلم‬
Ali ibn Hussein reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him,
said:
‫إِنَّ ِمنأ حُسأ ِن إِسأ ََل ِم أال َمرأ ِء َترأ َك ُه َما َِل َيعأ نِي ِه‬
Verily, from the perfection of Islam is that a person leaves what does not concern
him.
Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 2318, Grade: Sahih li ghayri
________________________________________
Hadith 13: Perfection of faith ‫كمال اإليمان‬
Anas ibn Malik reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him,
said:
‫ِل ي أُؤمِنُ أَ َح ُد ُك أم َح َّتى ُيحِبَّ ْلَخِي ِه َما ُيحِبُّ لِ َن أفسِ ِه‬
None of you has faith until he loves for his brother what he loves for himself.
Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 13, Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi
In another narration, the Prophet said:
َ
َ
َ
‫ار ِه َما ُيحِبُّ لِ َن أفسِ ِه‬
ِ ‫َِل ي أُؤمِنُ أ َح ُد ُك أم َح َّتى ُيحِبَّ ِْلخِي ِه أ أو َقا َل ل َِج‬
None of you has faith until he loves for his brother, or his neighbor, what he loves
for himself.
Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 45, Grade: Sahih
________________________________________
Hadith 14: Sanctity of Muslim life and causes of its nullification ‫حرمة دم المسلم وأسباب‬
‫إهداره‬
Abdullah ibn Mas’ud reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon
him, said:
َّ ‫ئ مُسأ ل ٍِم َي أش َه ُد أَنأ َِل إِلَ َه إِ َِّل‬
َّ ُ‫ث ا َّلثيِّب‬
ُ ‫ار‬
‫ك لِدِي ِن ِه‬
ٍ ‫َّللا إِ َِّل ِبإِحأ َدى َث ََل‬
ِ َّ ‫َّللا ُ َوأَ ِّني َرسُو ُل‬
ٍ ‫َِل َي ِح ُّل َد ُم ا أم ِر‬
ِ ‫الزانِي َوال َّن أفسُ ِبال َّن أف‬
ِ ‫س َوال َّت‬
‫ار ُق ل أِل َج َما َع ِة‬
ِ ‫أال ُم َف‬
It is unlawful to shed the blood of a Muslim person who testifies that there is no
God but Allah and that I am the Messenger of Allah, except in one of three cases:
the married person who commits adultery, legal retaliation for murder, and a
person who abandons their religion and separates from the community.
Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 6484, Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi
In another narration, the Prophet said:
‫َّللا َو َرسُول ُه‬
َ َّ ُ‫ارب‬
ِ ‫اْلسأ ََل ِم َفي َُح‬
ِ ‫َو َر ُج ٌل َي أخ ُر ُج م َِن أ‬
And a man who leaves Islam and wages war against Allah and His messenger.
Source: Ḥilyat al-Awliyā’ 9/15
________________________________________
Hadith 15: Islamic Manners ‫آداب إسالمية‬
Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:
‫اَّلل َو أال َي أو ِم اْلخ ِِر َف أل َيقُ أل َخيأرً ا أَ أو لِ َيصأ م أ‬
‫اَّلل‬
ِ َّ ‫ان ي أُؤمِنُ ِب‬
َ ‫ارهُ َو َمنأ َك‬
َ ‫اَّلل َو أال َي أو ِم اْلخ ِِر َف ألي أُك ِر أم َج‬
ِ َّ ‫ان ي أُؤمِنُ ِب‬
َ ‫ُت َو َمنأ َك‬
ِ َّ ‫ان ي أُؤمِنُ ِب‬
َ ‫َمنأ َك‬
‫أ‬
‫ض أي َف ُه‬
َ ‫َو أال َي أو ِم اْلخ ِِر َفل ُي أك ِر أم‬
Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day, let him speak goodness or remain
silent. Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day, let him honor his neighbor.
Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day, let him honor his guest.
Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 47, Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi
In another narration, the Prophet said:
ُ‫اره‬
َ ‫َف ََل ي أُؤذِي َج‬
Let him not harm his neighbor.
And in another narration, the Prophet said:
‫َف أليَصِ أل َر ِح َم ُه‬
Let him uphold family ties.
________________________________________
Hadith 16: Prohibition of anger ‫النهي عن الغضب‬
Abu Huraira reported: A man said to the Prophet, “Advise me.” The Messenger of Allah,
peace and blessings be upon him, said:
‫ضبأ‬
َ ‫َِل َت أغ‬
Do not be angry.
The man repeated his request, and the Prophet:
‫ضبأ‬
َ ‫َِل َت أغ‬
Do not be angry.
Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 5765, Grade: Sahih
________________________________________
Hadith 17: Command to slaughter in the best manner ‫األمر بإحسان الذبح‬
Shaddad ibn Aws reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him,
said:
َّ ‫ان َعلَى ُك ِّل َشيأ ٍء َفإِ َذا َق َت أل ُت أم َفأَحأ سِ ُنوا أال ِق أتلَ َة َوإِ َذا َذ َبحأ ُت أم َفأَحأ سِ ُنوا‬
‫يح َت ُه‬
َ ‫الذب َأح َو أل ُي ِح َّد أَ َح ُد ُك أم َش أف َر َت ُه َف ألي ُِرحأ َذ ِب‬
َ ‫اْلحأ َس‬
َ ‫َّللا َك َت‬
َ َّ َّ‫إِن‬
ِ‫ب أ‬
Verily, Allah has prescribed excellence in everything. If you have to kill, then kill
in the best manner. If you have to slaughter, then slaughter in the best manner.
Let one of you sharpen his knife so his animal is spared of suffering.
Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 1955, Grade: Sahih
________________________________________
Hadith 18: Good character ‫حسن الخلق‬
Abu Dharr reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:
‫اس ِب ُخلُ ٍق َح َس ٍن‬
َ ‫َّللا َحي ُأث َما ُك أنتَ َوأَ أت ِبعأ ال َّس ِّي َئ َة أال َح َس َن َة َت أم ُح َها َو َخال ِِق ال َّن‬
ِ َّ ‫ا َّت ِق‬
Be mindful of Allah wherever you are, follow a bad deed with a good deed and it
will erase it, and behave with good character toward people.
Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 1987, Grade: Sahih
________________________________________
Hadith 19: Be mindful of Allah and He will protect you ‫احفظ هللا يحفظك‬
Ibn Abbas reported: I was riding with the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be
upon him, and he said:
َّ‫اَّلل َواعأ لَ أم أَن‬
ٍ ‫ك َكلِ َما‬
ِ َّ ‫َّللا َوإِ َذا اسأ َت َع أنتَ َفاسأ َت ِعنأ ِب‬
َ ‫َّللا َيحأ َف أظ‬
َ ‫َيا ُغ ََل ُم إِ ِّني أ ُ َعلِّ ُم‬
َ َّ ‫َّللا َت ِج أدهُ ُت َجا َه َك إِ َذا َسأ َ ألتَ َفاسأ أ َ أل‬
َ َّ ‫ك احأ َف أظ‬
َ َّ ‫ت احأ َف أظ‬
َّ ‫ك إِ َِّل ِب َشيأ ٍء َق أد َك َت َب ُه‬
‫أاْل ُ َّم َة لَ أو اجأ َت َم َع أ‬
‫وك‬
َ ُّ‫وك ِب َشيأ ٍء لَ أم َيضُر‬
َ ُّ‫ك َولَ أو اجأ َت َمعُوا َعلَى أَنأ َيضُر‬
َ َ‫َّللاُ ل‬
َ ‫ك ِب َشيأ ٍء لَ أم َي أن َفعُو‬
َ ‫ت َعلَى أَنأ َي أن َفعُو‬
َّ ‫إِ َِّل ِب َشيأ ٍء َق أد َك َت َب ُه‬
‫ت أاْلَ أق ََل ُم َو َج َّف أ‬
‫ك ُر ِف َع أ‬
ُ‫صحُف‬
ُّ ‫ت ال‬
َ ‫َّللا ُ َعلَ أي‬
Young man, I will teach you some words. Be mindful of Allah and he will protect
you. Be mindful of Allah and you will find him before you. If you ask, ask from
Allah. If you seek help, seek help from Allah. Know that if the nations gathered
together to benefit you, they will not benefit you unless Allah has decreed it for
you. And if the nations gathered together to harm you, they will not harm you
unless Allah has decreed it for you. The pens have been lifted and the pages have
dried.
Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 2516, Grade: Sahih
In another narration, the Prophet said:
‫ب َوأَنَّ َم َع أالعُسأ ِر يُسأ رً ا‬
َّ ‫صب ِأر َعلَى َما َت أك َرهُ َخيأرً ا َك ِثيرً ا َوأَنَّ ال َّنصأ َر َم َع ال‬
َّ ‫َواعأ لَ أم أَنَّ فِي ال‬
ِ ‫صب ِأر َوأَنَّ أال َف َر َج َم َع أال َكرأ‬
Know that there is much good in being patient with what you detest, that victory
will come with patience, affliction will come with relief, and hardship will come
with ease.
Source: Musnad Ahmad 2800, Grade: Sahih
________________________________________
Hadith 20: Modesty is part of faith ‫الحياء من اإليمان‬
Abu Mas’ud reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:
َ‫ك ال َّناسُ ِمنأ َك ََل ِم ال ُّنب َُّو ِة إِ َذا لَ أم َتسأ َتحأ يِ َفا أف َع أل َما شِ أئت‬
َ ‫إِنَّ ِممَّا أَ أد َر‬
Verily, among the words people obtained from the prophets are this: If you feel no
shame, then do as you wish.
Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 3296, Grade: Sahih
________________________________________
Hadith 21: Say, ‘I have faith in Allah,’ and then remain steadfast ‫قل آمنت باهلل ثم استقم‬
Sufyan ibn Abdullah reported: I said, “O Messenger of Allah, tell me of a saying in Islam
after which I will not need to ask anyone after you.” The Messenger of Allah, peace and
blessings be upon him, said:
ُ ‫قُ أل آ َم أن‬
‫اَّلل َفاسأ َت ِق أم‬
ِ َّ ‫ت ِب‬
Say, ‘I have faith in Allah,’ and then remain steadfast.
Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 38, Grade: Sahih
________________________________________
Hadith 22: Adhering only to obligations ‫االقتصار على الفرائض‬
Jabir ibn Abdullah reported: A man asked the Messenger of Allah, saying, “O
Messenger of Allah, do you think if I pray the five prescribed prayers, I fast the month of
Ramadan, and I uphold what is lawful and unlawful without adding anything to it, will I
enter Paradise?” The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:
‫َن َع أم‬
Yes.
Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 15, Grade: Sahih
In another narration, the Prophet said:
ُ ‫ظ َر إِلَى َرج ٍُل ِمنأ أَهأ ِل أال َج َّن ِة َف أل َي أن‬
ُ ‫َمنأ َسرَّ هُ أَنأ َي أن‬
‫ظرأ إِلَى َه َذا‬
He who is pleased to see a man from the people of Paradise should look to him.
Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 14, Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi
________________________________________
Hadith 23: Haste in good deeds ‫اإلسراع في الخير‬
Abu Malik al-Ash’ari reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon
him, said:
‫أ‬
ُّ
َ ‫َّلل َتم َأَل ُ أالم‬
‫ض َوالص َََّلةُ ُنو ٌر‬
ِ ‫َّلل َتم َأَلَ ِن أَ أو َتم َأَل ُ َما َبي َأن ال َّس َم َاوا‬
ِ َّ ِ ‫َّللا َو أال َح أم ُد‬
ِ َّ ‫ان‬
َ ‫ان َو ُسب َأح‬
َ ‫ِيز‬
ِ َّ ِ ‫ان َو أال َحمأ ُد‬
ِ ‫ت َو أاْلَرأ‬
ِ ‫اْلي َم‬
ِ ‫الطهُو ُر َشط ُر أ‬
َ
َ
ٌ
‫أ‬
ُ
‫ُوبقُ َها‬
َّ ‫َوالصَّدَ َقة بُرأ َهانٌ َوال‬
َ ‫ك أ أو َعلَ أي‬
َ َ‫ص أب ُر ضِ َيا ٌء َوالقُرأ آنُ ُح َّجة ل‬
ِ ‫اس َي أغ ُدو َف َب ِاي ٌع َن أف َس ُه َفمُعأ ِت ُق َها أ أو م‬
ِ ‫ك ُك ُّل ال َّن‬
Purity is half of faith, and the praise of Allah fills the scale. Glorification and
praise fill up what is between the heavens and the earth. Prayer is a light, charity
is proof, and patience is illumination. The Quran is a proof for you or against you.
All people go out early in the morning and sell themselves, either setting
themselves free or destroying themselves.
Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 223, Grade: Sahih
________________________________________
Hadith 24: Prohibition of injustice ‫تحريم الظلم‬
Abu Dharr reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, relates
from his Lord that Allah said:
ُّ ‫أت‬
ُ ‫َيا عِ َبادِي إِ ِّني َحرَّ م‬
‫الظ أل َم َعلَى َن أفسِ ي َو َج َع أل ُت ُه َب أي َن ُك أم م َُحرَّ مًا َف ََل َت َظالَمُوا‬
O my servants, I have forbidden injustice for myself and have forbidden it among
you, so do not oppress one another.
‫ضا ٌّل إِ َِّل َمنأ َه َد أي ُت ُه َفاسأ َت أه ُدونِي أَهأ ِد ُك أم‬
َ ‫َيا عِ َبادِي ُكلُّ ُك أم‬
O my servants, all of you are astray except for those I have guided, so seek
guidance from me and I will guide you.
‫َيا عِ َبادِي ُكلُّ ُك أم َجا ِئ ٌع إِ َِّل َمنأ أَ أط َع أم ُت ُه َفاسأ َت أط ِعمُونِي أ ُ أط ِعمأ ُك أم‬
O my servants, all of you are hungry except for those I have fed, so seek food
from me and I will feed you.
‫ار إِ َِّل َمنأ َك َس أو ُت ُه َفاسأ َت أكسُونِي أَ أك ُس ُك أم‬
ٍ ‫َيا عِ َبادِي ُكلُّ ُك أم َع‬
O my servants, all of you are naked except for those I have clothed, so seek
clothing from me and I will clothe you.
ُّ ‫ون ِباللَّي ِأل َوال َّن َهار َوأَ َنا أَ أغ ِف ُر‬
‫وب َجمِي ًعا َفاسأ َت أغ ِفرُونِي أَ أغ ِفرأ لَ ُك أم‬
َ ‫الذ ُن‬
َ ‫َيا عِ َبادِي إِ َّن ُك أم ُت أخطِ ُئ‬
ِ
O my servants, you sin by night and day and I forgive all sins, so seek
forgiveness from me and I will forgive you.
‫ضرِّ ي َف َتضُرُّ ونِي َولَنأ َت أبل ُ ُغوا َن أفعِي َف َت أن َفعُونِي‬
َ ‫َيا عِ َبادِي إِ َّن ُك أم لَنأ َت أبل ُ ُغوا‬
O my servants, you will not be able to bring harm to me and you will not be able
to bring benefit to me.
‫ك فِي م أُلكِي َش أي ًئا‬
ِ ‫َيا عِ َبادِي لَ أو أَنَّ أَوَّ لَ ُك أم َوآخ َِر ُك أم َوإِ أن َس ُك أم َو ِج َّن ُك أم َكا ُنوا َعلَى أَ أت َقى َق أل‬
َ ِ‫ب َرج ٍُل َوا ِح ٍد ِم أن ُك أم َما َزادَ َذل‬
O my servants, were the first of you and the last of you, the human of you and the
jinn of you, to be as pious as the most pious heart of anyone of you, that would
not increase my dominion at all.
‫ص َذل َِك ِمنأ م أُلكِي َش أي ًئا‬
ِ ‫َيا عِ َبادِي لَ أو أَنَّ أَوَّ لَ ُك أم َوآخ َِر ُك أم َوإِ أن َس ُك أم َو ِج َّن ُك أم َكا ُنوا َعلَى أَ أف َج ِر َق أل‬
َ ‫ب َرج ٍُل َوا ِح ٍد َما َن َق‬
O my servants, were the first of you and the last of you, the human of you and the
jinn of you, to be as wicked as the most wicked heart of anyone of you, that
would not decrease my dominion at all.
ُ ‫صعِي ٍد َوا ِح ٍد َف َسأَلُونِي َفأَعأ َطي‬
‫ك ِممَّا‬
َ ِ‫ص َذل‬
َ ‫ان َمسأ أَلَ َت ُه َما َن َق‬
َ ‫َيا عِ َبادِي لَ أو أَنَّ أَ َّولَ ُك أم َوآخ َِر ُك أم َوإِ أن َس ُك أم َو ِج َّن ُك أم َقامُوا فِي‬
ٍ ‫أت ُك َّل إِ أن َس‬
ُ ‫عِ أندِي إِ َِّل َك َما َي أنقُصُ أالم أِخ َي‬
‫ط إِ َذا أ ُ أد ِخ َل أال َبحأ َر‬
O my servants, were the first of you and the last of you, the human of you and the
jinn of you, to rise up in one place and make a request of me, and were I to give
everyone what he requested, that would not diminish what I have any more than a
needle would diminish the sea if put into it.
ُ
ُ
‫ك َف ََل َيلُو َمنَّ إِ َِّل َن أف َس ُه‬
َ ‫َّللا َو َمنأ َو َج َد غَ ي َأر َذ ِل‬
َ ‫َيا عِ َبادِي إِ َّن َما ه‬
َ َّ ‫ِي أَعأ َمال ُ ُك أم أحأ صِ ي َها لَ ُك أم ُث َّم أ َو ِّفي ُك أم إِيَّا َها َف َمنأ َو َج َد َخيأرً ا َف أل َيحأ َم أد‬
O my servants, it is only your deeds that I record for you and then recompense
for you. Let he who finds good praise Allah, and let he who finds something else
blame no one but himself.
Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 2577, Grade: Sahih
________________________________________
Hadith 25: Types of good deeds ‫أنواع األعمال الخيرية‬
Abu Dharr reported: The companions said, “O Messenger of Allah, the rich have taken
the rewards. They perform prayer as we pray, they fast as we fast, and they give charity
from their extra wealth.” The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him,
said:
َّ ‫أس َق أد َج َع َل‬
‫صدَ َق ًة َوأَمأ ٌر‬
َّ ‫َّللا ُ لَ ُك أم َما َت‬
َ ‫صدَ َق ًة َو ُك ِّل َت أهلِيلَ ٍة‬
َ ‫ص َد َق ًة َو ُك ِّل َتحأ مِيدَ ٍة‬
َ ‫ير ٍة‬
َ ‫صدَ َق ًة َو ُك ِّل َت أك ِب‬
َ ‫يح ٍة‬
َ ‫ون إِنَّ ِب ُك ِّل َتسأ ِب‬
َ ُ‫ص َّدق‬
َ ‫أَ َو لَي‬
‫ص َد َق ٌة‬
َ ‫صدَ َق ٌة َوفِي بُضأ ِع أَ َح ِد ُك أم‬
َ ‫ص َد َق ٌة َو َنهأيٌ َعنأ ُم أن َك ٍر‬
َ ِ‫ِب أال َمعأ رُوف‬
Has not Allah made for you ways to give charity? In every glorification of Allah
there is charity, and in every declaration of His greatness there is charity, and in
praise of Him is charity, and in every declaration of His oneness there is charity,
and enjoining good is charity and forbidding evil is charity, and in a man’s
intimate relations with his wife is charity.
They said, “O Messenger of Allah, is there a reward for one who satisfies his passions?”
The Prophet said:
‫ان لَ ُه أَجأ رً ا‬
َ ‫ض َع َها فِي أال َح ََل ِل َك‬
َ ‫ك إِ َذا َو‬
َ ِ‫ان َعلَ أي ِه فِي َها ِو أز ٌر َف َك َذل‬
َ ‫ض َع َها فِي َح َر ٍام أَ َك‬
َ ‫أَ َرأَ أي ُت أم لَ أو َو‬
You see if he were to devote himself to something forbidden it would be a sin.
Likewise, if he were to devote himself to something lawful he will have a reward.
Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 1006, Grade: Sahih
________________________________________
Hadith 26: Reconciliation between people ‫اإلصالح بين الناس‬
Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:
‫ص َد َق ٌة َو ُتعِينُ ال َّر ُج َل فِي دَا َّب ِت ِه َف َتحأ ِملُ ُه َعلَ أي َها‬
َ ‫أن‬
َ ‫اس َعلَ أي ِه‬
ِ ‫صدَ َق ٌة ُك َّل َي أو ٍم َت أطلُ ُع فِي ِه ال َّشمأسُ َقا َل َتعأ ِد ُل َبي َأن ِاِل أث َني‬
ِ ‫ُك ُّل س ََُل َمى ِمنأ ال َّن‬
َ
‫أ‬
ُ
َّ
َّ
ٌ
ٌ
ٌ
‫أ‬
‫أ‬
ُ
ُ
َ
ُ
ُ
ُ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َ
‫نأ‬
‫أ‬
ِّ
ُ
‫يق‬
‫ر‬
‫الط‬
‫ع‬
‫ى‬
‫ذ‬
‫اْل‬
‫ِيط‬
‫م‬
‫ت‬
‫و‬
‫ة‬
‫ق‬
‫د‬
‫ص‬
‫ة‬
‫ََّل‬
‫ص‬
‫ل‬
‫ا‬
‫ى‬
‫ل‬
‫إ‬
‫ا‬
‫ه‬
‫ي‬
‫م‬
‫ت‬
‫ة‬
ٍ
‫و‬
‫ط‬
‫خ‬
‫ل‬
ُّ
‫ك‬
‫و‬
‫ة‬
‫ق‬
‫د‬
‫ص‬
‫ة‬
‫ب‬
‫ي‬
‫الط‬
‫ة‬
‫م‬
‫ل‬
‫ك‬
‫ال‬
‫و‬
‫ل‬
‫ا‬
‫ق‬
‫ة‬
‫ق‬
‫د‬
‫ص‬
‫ه‬
‫ع‬
َ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َ ِ
َ
َ َ
َِ َ َ
َ
َ ‫أَ أو َترأ َف ُع لَ ُه َعلَ أي َها َم َتا‬
ِ ِ
ِ َ ِ‫َ ش‬
‫صدَ َق ٌة‬
َ
Charity is due upon every joint of the people for every day upon which the sun
rises. Being just between two people is charity. Helping a man with his animal
and lifting his luggage upon it is charity. A kind word is charity. Every step that
you take towards the mosque is charity, and removing harmful things from the
road is charity.
Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 2827, Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi
________________________________________
Hadith 27: Righteousness is good character ‫البر حسن الخلق‬
Al-Nawwas ibn Sam’an reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon
him, said:
ُ‫ك َو َك ِرهأ تَ أَنأ َي َّطل َِع َعلَ أي ِه ال َّناس‬
َ ‫ص أد ِر‬
َ ‫اك فِي‬
َ ‫اْل أث ُم َما َح‬
ِ ‫أال ِبرُّ حُسأ نُ أال ُخل ُ ِق َو‬
Righteousness is good character and sin is what waivers in your heart and you
hate for people to find out about it.
Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 2553, Grade: Sahih
In another narration, the Prophet said:
‫ك أال ِبرُّ َما أ‬
َ ‫أ‬
‫اط َمأ َ َّن أ‬
‫اك‬
ِ ‫ك اسأ َت أف‬
ِ ‫اسأ َت أف‬
َ ‫س َو َت َر َّددَ فِي الص أَّد ِر َوإِنأ أَ أف َت‬
َ ‫اْل أث ُم َما َحا‬
َ ‫ت َق أل َب‬
َ ‫ت َن أف َس‬
ِ ‫ك فِي ال َّن أف‬
ِ ‫ت إِلَ أي ِه ال َّن أفسُ َواط َمأنَّ إِلَ أي ِه أال َق ألبُ َو أ‬
َ
‫أ‬
‫ك‬
َ ‫ال َّناسُ َوأف َت أو‬
Consult your soul, consult your heart. Righteousness is what reassures your soul
and your heart, and sin is what wavers in your soul and puts tension in your
chest, even if the people approve it in their judgments again and again.
Source: Sunan al-Dārimī 2533, Grade: Sahih
________________________________________
Hadith 28: Duty to uphold the Sunnah ‫وجوب لزوم السنة‬
Al-Irbad ibn Sariya reported: One day the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be
upon him, stood up among us and he admonished us so eloquently that it moved our
hearts and made tears come to our eyes. It was said, “O Messenger of Allah, you have
given us a farewell sermon, so what do you commit us to?” The Prophet said:
ُ ِ ‫اخت ََِل ًفا َك ِثيرً ا َوإيَّا ُك أم َومُحأ دَ َثا‬
َّ ‫َّللا َوال َّسمأع َو‬
‫الطا َع ِة َوإِنأ َع أب ٌد َحبَشِ يٌّ َفإِ َّن ُه َمنأ َي ِعشأ ِم أن ُك أم َي َرى أ‬
‫ُور َفإِ َّن َها‬
ِ َّ ‫أُوصِ ي ُك أم ِب َت أق َوى‬
ِ
ِ ‫ت أاْلم‬
ِ
‫ِّين َعضُّوا َعلَ أي َها ِبال َّن َوا ِج ِذ‬
َ ‫ِين أال َم أه ِدي‬
َ ‫ك ِم أن ُك أم َف َعلَ أي ِه ِب ُس َّنتِي َو ُس َّن ِة أال ُخلَ َفا ِء الرَّ اشِ د‬
َ ِ‫ك َذل‬
َ ‫ض ََللَ ٌة َف َمنأ أَ أد َر‬
َ
You must fear Allah, listen to and obey your leaders even if an Abyssinian slave
is put in charge over you. Whoever lives among you will see many differences, so
beware of newly invented matters for they are misguidance. Whoever sees them
must adhere to my tradition (sunnah) and the tradition of the upright, guided
successors. Bite onto it with your back teeth.
Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 2676, Grade: Sahih
In another narration, the Prophet said:
ُ
‫ار‬
َ ‫ض ََللَ ٌة َو ُك ُّل‬
َ ‫ُور مُحأ َد َثا ُت َها َو ُك ُّل مُحأ َد َث ٍة ِب أد َع ٌة َو ُك ُّل ِب أد َع ٍة‬
ِ ‫ض ََللَ ٍة فِي ال َّن‬
ِ ‫َو َشرُّ أاْلم‬
The most evil matters are those that are newly invented (in the religion), for every
newly invented matter is an innovation. Every innovation is misguidance and
every misguidance is in the Hellfire.
Source: Sunan al-Nasā’ī 1578, Grade: Sahih
________________________________________
Hadith 29: What admits one into Paradise ‫ما يدخل الجنة‬
Mu’adh ibn Jabal reported: I said, “O Messenger of Allah, tell me of a deed that will
admit me into Paradise and keep me away from the Hellfire.” The Messenger of Allah,
peace and blessings be upon him, said:
َّ ُ‫لَ َق أد َسأ َ أل َتنِي َعنأ عَظِ ٍيم َوإِ َّن ُه لَيَسِ ي ٌر َعلَى َمنأ َيس ََّره‬
َّ ‫َّللا َو َِل ُت أش ِركأ ِب ِه َش أي ًئا َو ُتقِي ُم الص َََّل َة َو ُت أؤتِي‬
‫الز َكا َة َو َتصُو ُم‬
َ َّ ‫َّللا ُ َعلَ أي ِه َتعأ ُب ُد‬
َ‫ان َو َت ُح ُّج أال َبيأت‬
َ ‫ض‬
َ ‫َر َم‬
You have asked about an enormous matter, yet it is easy upon those for whom
Allah makes it easy. Worship Allah and do not associate anything with him,
establish the prayer, give the charity, fast the month of Ramadan, and perform
pilgrimage to the House.
Then, the Prophet said:
‫ص ََلةُ الرَّ ج ُِل ِمنأ َج أوفِ اللَّي ِأل‬
َّ ‫ب أال َخي ِأر الص أَّو ُم ُج َّن ٌة َوال‬
ِ ‫ك َعلَى أَب َأوا‬
َ ‫ار َو‬
َ ‫ص َد َق ُة ُت أط ِف ُئ أال َخطِ ي َئ َة َك َما ي أُط ِف ُئ أال َما ُء ال َّن‬
َ ُّ‫أَ َِل أَ ُدل‬
Shall I not tell you about the gates of goodness? Fasting is a shield, charity
extinguishes sins as water extinguishes fire, and the prayer of a man in the late
night.
Then, the Prophet recited the verse:
‫ون‬
َ ُ‫ضا ِج ِع َح َّتى َبلَغَ َيعأ َمل‬
َ ‫َت َت َجا َفى ُج ُنو ُب ُه أم َعنأ أال َم‬
They arise from their beds and supplicate to their Lord in fear and hope. They
spend from what We have provided them, for no soul knows what has been
hidden for them of comfort as reward for what they used to do. (32:16)
Then, the Prophet said:
‫أَ َِل أ ُ أخب ُر َ أ‬
‫س أاْلَ أم ِر ُكلِّ ِه َو َعمُو ِد ِه َو ِذرأ َو ِة َس َنا ِم ِه‬
ِ ‫ك ِب َرأ‬
ِ
Shall I not tell you about the head of the matter and its peak?
I said, “Of course, O Messenger of Allah.” The Prophet said:
‫أ‬
َ
‫اْلسأ ََل ُم َو َعمُو ُدهُ الص َََّلةُ َو ِذرأ َوةُ َس َنا ِم ِه أال ِج َها ُد‬
ِ ‫َرأسُ أاْل أم ِر أ‬
The head of the matter is Islam, its pillar is prayer, and jihād is its peak.
Then the Prophet said:
‫ك ُكلِّ ِه‬
َ ِ‫ك ِب َم ََلكِ َذل‬
َ ‫أَ َِل أ ُ أخ ِب ُر‬
Shall I not tell you how to achieve all of this?
I said, “Yes, O Messenger of Allah.” The Prophet pointed to his tongue and he said:
‫ك َه َذا‬
َ ‫ُكفَّ َعلَ أي‬
Restrain this.
I said, “O Prophet of Allah, will what we say be held against us?” The Prophet said:
‫صا ِئ ُد أَ ألسِ َنت ِِه أم‬
َ ‫ار َعلَى وُ جُوه ِِه أم أَ أو َعلَى َم َناخ ِِر ِه أم إِ َِّل َح‬
َ ‫ك َيا ُم َع ُاذ َو َه أل َي ُكبُّ ال َّن‬
َ ‫ك أ ُ ُّم‬
َ ‫َث ِكلَ أت‬
ِ ‫اس فِي ال َّن‬
May your mother be bereaved of you, O Mu’adh! Is there anything that topples
people onto their faces in the Hellfire but the harvest of their tongues?
Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 2616, Grade: Sahih
________________________________________
Hadith 30: Rights of Allah Almighty ‫حقوق هللا تعالى‬
Abu Tha’laba al-Khushani reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be
upon him, said:
‫ان َف ََل َتب َأح ُثوا َع أن َها‬
َ ‫ِض َف ََل ُت‬
َ ‫ض َف َرائ‬
َ ‫َّللا َف َر‬
َ َّ َّ‫إِن‬
ٍ ‫ض ِّيعُو َها َو َح َّد ُح ُدو ًدا َف ََل َتعأ َت ُدو َها َو َس َكتَ َعنأ أَ أش َيا َء َرحأ َم ًة لَ ُك أم َغي َأر نِسأ َي‬
Verily, Allah has made duties obligatory, so do not neglect them. He has set
limits, so do not transgress them. He has made some things sacred, so do no
violate them. He has remained silent concerning things as mercy for you, not out
of forgetfulness, so do not search them out.
Source: Sunan al-Dāraquṭnī 4316, Grade: Sahih
________________________________________
Hadith 31: True meaning of asceticism ‫الزهد الحقيقي‬
Sahl ibn Sa’d al-Sa’idi reported: A man said, “O Messenger of Allah, tell me of a deed
which will make Allah and people love me.” The Messenger of Allah, peace and
blessings be upon him, said:
َّ ‫ك‬
‫َّللا ُ َو أ‬
‫أ‬
‫ك‬
َ ‫اس ُي ِحبُّو‬
َ ‫از َه أد فِي ال ُّد أن َيا ُي ِح َّب‬
ِ ‫از َه أد فِي َما فِي أَ أيدِي ال َّن‬
Renounce the world and Allah will love you. Renounce what people possess and
people will love you.
Source: Sunan Ibn Mājah 4102, Grade: Sahih
________________________________________
Hadith 32: No harming yourself or others ‫ال ضرر وال ضرار‬
Ubadah ibn al-Samit reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon
him, said:
‫ار‬
َ ‫ض َر َر َوِلَ ضِ َر‬
َ َ‫ِل‬
Do not cause harm or return harm.
Source: Sunan Ibn Mājah 2340, Grade: Hasan
________________________________________
Hadith 33: Burden of proof is on the claimant ‫البينة على المدعي‬
Ibn Abbas reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:
‫ِين َعلَى َمنأ أَ أن َك َر‬
َ ‫مأوا َل َق أو ٍم َو ِد َما َء ُه أم َولَكِنَّ أال َب ِّي َن َة َعلَى أال ُم َّدعِ ي َو أال َيم‬
َ َ‫لَ أو يُعأ َطى ال َّناسُ ِب َدعأ َوا ُه أم َِل َّد َعى ِر َجا ٌل أ‬
If people were given in accordance with their claims, then men would claim the
wealth and lives of other people. Rather, the burden of proof is on the claimant
and an oath is a duty upon he who denies the claim.
Source: al-Sunan al-Kubrá 20604 Grade: Hasan
________________________________________
Hadith 34: Enjoining good and forbidding evil ‫األمر بالمعروف والنهي عن المنكر‬
Abu Sa’id al-Khudri reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon
him, said:
َ َ ِ‫َمنأ َرأَى ِم أن ُك أم ُم أن َكرً ا َف أل ُي َغيِّرأ هُ ِب َي ِد ِه َفإِنأ لَ أم َيسأ َتطِ عأ َف ِبلِ َسا ِن ِه َفإِنأ لَ أم َيسأ َتطِ عأ َف ِب َق أل ِب ِه َو َذل‬
‫ان‬
ِ ‫اْلي َم‬
ِ ‫ك أضأ َعفُ أ‬
Whoever among you sees evil should change it with his hand. If he is unable to
do so, then with his tongue. If he is unable to do so, then with his heart, and that
is the weakest level of faith.
Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 49, Grade: Sahih
Sufyan al-Thawri, may Allah have mercy on him, said:
ٌ ‫صا ٌل َث ََل‬
ٌ ‫ِيق ِب َما َيأأ ُم ُر َرف‬
ٌ ‫ث َرف‬
‫ِيق ِب َما َي أن َهى َع أد ٌل ِب َما َيأأ ُم ُر َع أد ٌل ِب َما َي أن َهى‬
َ ‫ان فِي ِه ِخ‬
َ ‫َِل َيأأ ُم ُر ِب أال َمعأ رُوفِ َو َي أن َهى َع ِن أال ُم أن َك ِر إِ َِّل َمنأ َك‬
‫َعالِ ٌم ِب َما َيأأ ُم ُر َعالِ ٌم ِب َما َي أن َهى‬
None may enjoin good and forbid evil unless he has three qualities: gentleness in what
he enjoins and forbids, justice in what he enjoins and forbids, and knowledge of what he
enjoins and forbids.
Source: Jāmi’ al-‘Ulūm wal-Ḥikam 2/256
________________________________________
Hadith 35: Brotherhood of Islam ‫أخوة اإلسالم‬
Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:
ُ ‫اج‬
ُ ‫شوا َو َِل َت َباغَ ضُوا َو َِل َت َدا َبرُوا َو َِل َي ِبعأ َبعأ‬
‫َّللا إِ أخ َوا ًنا أالمُسأ لِ ُم أَ ُخو أالمُسأ ل ِِم َِل‬
ٍ ‫ض ُك أم َعلَى َبي ِأع َبعأ‬
ِ َّ َ‫ض َو ُكو ُنوا عِ بَاد‬
َ ‫َِل َت َحا َس ُدوا َو َِل َت َن‬
‫َي أظلِ ُم ُه َو َِل َي أخ ُذل ُ ُه َو َِل َيحأ ِق ُرهُ ال َّت أق َوى َها ُه َنا‬
Do not envy each other, do not outbid each other, do not hate each other, do not
turn away from each other, and do not outsell each other. Rather, be servants of
Allah as brothers. The Muslim is the brother of another Muslim. He does not
wrong him or humiliate him or look down upon him. Righteousness is here.
Then, the Prophet pointed to his chest three times and he continued:
ُ ‫ئ ِمنأ ال َّشرِّ أَنأ َيحأ ق َِر أَ َخاهُ أالمُسأ لِ َم ُك ُّل أالمُسأ ل ِِم َعلَى أالمُسأ ل ِِم َح َرا ٌم دَ ُم ُه َو َمال ُ ُه َوعِ رأ‬
‫ض ُه‬
ِ ‫ِب َحسأ‬
ٍ ‫ب ا أم ِر‬
It is enough evil for a man to look down upon his Muslim brother. The entirety of
the Muslim is sacred to another Muslim: his life, his wealth, and his honor.
Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 2564, Grade: Sahih
In another narration, the Prophet said:
َّ َّ‫الظنَّ َفإِن‬
َّ ‫إِيَّا ُك أم َو‬
َ‫ث َو َِل َت َح َّسسُوا َو َِل َت َج َّسسُوا َو َِل َت َنا َفسُوا َو َِل َت َحا َس ُدوا َو َِل َت َباغَ ضُوا َو َِل َتدَ ا َبرُوا َو ُكو ُنوا عِ بَاد‬
ِ ‫الظنَّ أَ أك َذبُ أال َحدِي‬
‫َّللا إِ أخ َوا ًنا‬
ِ َّ
Beware of suspicion, for suspicion is the most false of tales. Do not seek out
faults, do not spy on each other, do not contend with each other, do not envy
each other, do not hate each other, and do not turn away from each other. Rather,
be servants of Allah as brothers.
Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 5719, Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi
________________________________________
Hadith 36: Gathering to remember Allah ‫االجتماع على الذكر‬
Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:
َّ ‫ب َي أوم أال ِق َيا َم ِة َو َمنأ َي َّس َر َعلَى مُعأ سِ ٍر َيس ََّر‬
َّ َ ‫ب ال ُّد أن َيا َن َّف‬
ً
‫َّللاُ َعلَ أي ِه فِي ال ُّد أن َيا‬
ِ ‫ِن ُكرأ َب ًة ِمنأ ُك َر‬
َ ‫َمنأ َن َّف‬
ٍ ‫س َعنأ م أُؤم‬
ِ ِ ‫س َّللا ُ َع أن ُه ُكرأ َبة ِمنأ ُك َر‬
َ
َّ
َّ
‫أ‬
‫أ‬
‫أ‬
َ
ً
‫أ‬
َ
ُ‫ك ط ِريقا َيل َتمِس‬
َ ‫ان ال َع أب ُد فِي َع أو ِن أخِي ِه َو َمنأ َسل‬
َ ‫َواْلخ َِر ِة َو َمنأ َس َت َر مُسأ لِمًا َس َت َرهُ َّللا ُ فِي ال ُّدن َيا َواْلخ َِر ِة َوَّللا ُ فِي َع أو ِن ال َع أب ِد َما َك‬
َّ ‫فِي ِه عِ ألمًا َس َّه َل‬
‫ارسُو َن ُه َب أي َن ُه أم إِِلَّ َن َزلَ أ‬
‫ت‬
ٍ ‫َّللا ُ لَ ُه ِب ِه َط ِري ًقا إِلَى أال َج َّن ِة َو َما اجأ َت َم َع َق أو ٌم فِي َب أي‬
ِ ‫ت ِمنأ ُبيُو‬
َ َ‫َّللا َو َي َتد‬
ِ َّ ‫اب‬
َ ‫ون ِك َت‬
َ ُ ‫َّللا َي أتل‬
ِ َّ ‫ت‬
َ
َّ
َّ
‫أ‬
ُ
ُ
ُ
َ
‫أ‬
‫أ‬
‫أ‬
َ
َّ
َ
َ
َ
َ
‫َعلَي ِأه ُم ال َّسكِي َن ُة َو َغشِ َيت ُه ُم الرَّ حأ َمة َو َحفت ُه ُم ال َمَل ِئكة َوذك َر ُه ُم َّللا ُ فِي َمنأ عِ ندَ هُ َو َمنأ َبطأ ِب ِه َع َمل ُه ل أم يُسأ ِرعأ ِب ِه ن َس ُب ُه‬
Whoever relieves the hardship of a believer in this world, Allah will relieve his
hardship on the Day of Resurrection. Whoever helps ease someone in difficulty,
Allah will make it easy for him in this world and in the Hereafter. Whoever covers
the faults of a Muslim, Allah will cover his faults in this world and in the Hereafter.
Allah helps the servant as long as he helps his brother. Whoever travels a path in
search of knowledge, Allah will make easy for him a path to Paradise, for a people
do not gather together in the houses of Allah, reciting the Book of Allah and
studying together, except that tranquility will descend upon them, mercy will
cover them, angels will surround them, and Allah will mention them to those with
Him. Whoever is slow to good deeds will not be hastened by his lineage.
Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 2699, Grade: Sahih
________________________________________
Hadith 37: Favor of Allah Almighty ‫فضل هللا تعالى‬
Ibn Abbas reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:
َّ ‫َّللا ُ عِ أن َدهُ َح َس َن ًة َكا ِملَ ًة َوإِنأ َه َّم ِب َها َف َع ِملَ َها َك َت َب َها‬
َّ ‫ك َف َمنأ َه َّم ِب َح َس َن ٍة َفلَ أم َيعأ َم أل َها َك َت َب َها‬
ِ ‫ت َوال َّس ِّي َئا‬
ِ ‫ب أال َح َس َنا‬
َ ِ‫ت ُث َّم َبي ََّن َذل‬
َ ‫َّللا َك َت‬
ُ‫َّللا‬
َ َّ َّ‫إِن‬
َ
َّ
‫ِير ٍة َوإِنأ َه َّم ِب َس ِّي َئ ٍة َفلَ أم َيعأ َم أل َها َك َت َب َها َّللا ُ عِ أن َدهُ َح َس َن ًة َكا ِملَ ًة َوإِنأ‬
ٍ ‫ت إِلَى َسب ِأع مِا َئ ِة ضِ عأ فٍ إِلَى أضأ َعا‬
ٍ ‫َع َّز َو َج َّل عِ أن َدهُ َع أش َر َح َس َنا‬
َ ‫ف َكث‬
َّ ‫َه َّم ِب َها َف َع ِملَ َها َك َت َب َها‬
ً‫َّللا ُ َس ِّي َئ ًة َوا ِح َدة‬
Verily, Allah has recorded good and evil deeds and he made them clear. Whoever
intends to perform a good deed but does not do it, then Allah will record it as a
complete good deed. If he intends to do it and does so, then Allah Almighty will
record it as ten good deeds, up to seven hundred times as much or even more. If
he intends to do an evil deed and does not do it, then Allah will record for him
one complete good deed. If he does it, then Allah will record for him a single evil
deed.
Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 6126, Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi
________________________________________
Hadith 38: Means of nearness to Allah ‫وسيلة القرب‬
Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:
ُ ‫ب إِلَيَّ َع أبدِي ِب َشيأ ٍء أَ َحبَّ إِلَيَّ ِممَّا ا أف َت َرضأ‬
‫ت َعلَ أي ِه َو َما َي َزا ُل َع أبدِي‬
ِ ‫َّللا َقا َل َمنأ عَادَ ى لِي َولِ ًًّيا َف َق أد آ َذ أن ُت ُه ِب أال َحرأ‬
َ َّ‫ب َو َما َت َقر‬
َ َّ َّ‫إِن‬
ُ
َ
َّ
َّ
َّ
َّ
َ
‫أ‬
ُ ‫َي َت َقرَّ بُ إِلَيَّ ِبال َّن َواف ِِل َح َّتى أ ِح َّب ُه َفإِذا أحأ َب أب ُت ُه ُكن‬
‫ص َرهُ الذِي ُي أبصِ ُر ِب ِه َو َي َدهُ التِي َي أبطِ شُ ِب َها َو ِرجأ لَ ُه التِي‬
َ ‫ت َس أم َع ُه الذِي َيسأ َم ُع ِب ِه َو َب‬
ُ
َ
‫أ‬
ُ
َ
‫أ‬
َّ
َ
ُ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َ
‫أ‬
َ‫ِن َي أك َرهُ أال َم أوت‬
ُّ
‫أ‬
‫نأ‬
‫يأ‬
‫نأ‬
ُ
ُ
‫م‬
‫ُؤ‬
‫م‬
‫ال‬
‫س‬
‫ف‬
‫ن‬
‫ع‬
‫ِي‬
‫د‬
‫د‬
‫ر‬
‫ت‬
‫ه‬
‫ل‬
‫ف‬
‫ا‬
‫ن‬
‫أ‬
‫ء‬
‫ش‬
‫ع‬
‫ت‬
‫َّد‬
‫د‬
‫ر‬
‫ت‬
‫ا‬
‫م‬
‫و‬
‫ه‬
‫ن‬
‫ذ‬
‫ي‬
‫ْل‬
‫َي أمشِ ي ِب َها َوإِنأ َسأَلَنِي َْلُعأ طِ َي َّن ُه َولَ ِئنأ اسأ َت َعا َذنِي‬
ِ‫اع‬
ِ‫ع‬
ٍ
َ
َ
َ
َ َ َ
ِ
ِ
‫َوأَ َنا أَ أك َرهُ َم َسا َء َت ُه‬
Allah Almighty said: Whoever shows hostility to a friend of mine, then I have
declared war upon him. My servant does not grow closer to me with anything
more beloved to me than the duties I have imposed upon him. My servant
continues to draw near me with extra works until I love him. When I love him, I am
his hearing with which he hears, his seeing with which he sees, his hands with
which he strikes, and his foot with which he walks. Were he to ask something
from me, I would surely give it to him. If he were to ask me for refuge, I would
surely grant it to him. I do not hesitate to do anything as I hesitate to take the soul
of the believer, for he hates death and I hate to displease him.
Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 6137, Grade: Sahih
________________________________________
Hadith 39: Overlooking mistakes ‫التجاوز عن المخطئ‬
Abu Dharr reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:
‫ان َو َما اسأ ُت أك ِرهُوا َعلَ أي ِه‬
َ ‫َّللا َت َج َاو َز َعنأ أ ُ َّمتِي أال َخ َطأ َ َوال ِّنسأ َي‬
َ َّ َّ‫إِن‬
Verily, Allah has pardoned my nation for their mistakes, their forgetfulness, and
what they are coerced into doing.
Source: Sunan Ibn Mājah 2043, Grade: Sahih
________________________________________
Hadith 40: Cultivating the Hereafter ‫مزرعة لآلخرة‬
Abdullah ibn Umar reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon
him, took hold of my shoulder and said:
‫يل‬
َ ‫ُكنأ فِي ال ُّد أن َيا َكأ َ َّن‬
ٍ ‫ أَ أو َع ِاب ُر َس ِب‬، ٌ‫ك َغ ِريب‬
Be in this world as if you were a stranger or a traveler along a path.
Ibn Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, would say:
‫ِك‬
َّ ‫إِ َذا أَ أم َسيأتَ َفَلَ َت أن َتظِ ِر ال‬
َ ‫ِك لِ َم أوت‬
َ ‫ك َو ِمنأ َح َيات‬
َ ِ‫ِك لِ َم َرض‬
َ ‫اح َوإِ َذا أَصأ َبحأ تَ َفَلَ َت أن َتظِ ِر أال َم َسا َء َو ُخ أذ ِمنأ صِ حَّ ت‬
َ ‫ص َب‬
If you make it to the evening, then do not wait for the morning. If you make it to the
morning, then do not wait for the evening. Take from your health for your sickness, and
from your life for your death.
Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 6053, Grade: Sahih
________________________________________
Hadith 41: Opposing one’s desires ‫مخالفة الهوى‬
Abdullah ibn Amr reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him,
said:
ُ ‫ون َه َواهُ َت َب ًعا لِ َما ِج أئ‬
‫ت ِب ِه‬
َ ‫ِل ي أُؤمِنُ أَ َح ُد ُك أم َح َّتى َي ُك‬
None of you has faith until his desires follow what I have brought.
Source: Tārīkh Baghdād 1609, Grade: Sahih
________________________________________
Hadith 42: Repentance ‫التوبة‬
Anas ibn Malik reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him,
said:
َّ ‫َقا َل‬
‫ك َو َِل أ ُ َبالِي َيا اب َأن آدَ َم لَ أو َبلَ أ‬
ُ ‫ك َما َد َع أو َتنِي َو َر َج أو َتنِي َغ َفرأ‬
‫ك‬
َ ‫غَت ُذ ُنو ُب‬
َ ‫ان فِي‬
َ ‫ك َعلَى َما َك‬
َ َ‫ت ل‬
َ ‫ك َو َت َعالَى َيا اب َأن آ َد َم إِ َّن‬
َ ‫ار‬
َ ‫َّللا ُ َت َب‬
ُ ‫ان ال َّس َما ِء ُث َّم اسأ َت أغ َفرأ َتنِي غَ َفرأ‬
ُ ‫ض َخ َطا َيا ُث َّم لَقِي َتنِي َِل ُت أش ِر‬
‫ك ِبي َش أي ًئا‬
ِ ‫ك لَ أو أَ َت أي َتنِي ِبقُ َرا‬
َ ‫ك َو َِل أ ُ َبالِي َيا اب َأن آ َد َم إِ َّن‬
َ َ‫ت ل‬
َ ‫َع َن‬
ِ ‫ب أاْلَرأ‬
‫ك ِبقُ َر ِاب َها َم أغف َِر ًة‬
َ ‫َْلَ َت أي ُت‬
Allah Almighty said: O son of Adam, if you call upon me and place your hope in
me, I will forgive you without hesitation. O son of Adam, if you have sins piling up
to the clouds and then ask for my forgiveness, I will forgive you without
hesitation. O son of Adam, if you come to me with enough sins to fill the earth
and then you meet me without associating anything with me (in worship), I will
come to you with enough forgiveness to fill the earth.
Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 3540, Grade: Sahih
Success comes from Allah, and Allah knows best
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