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مكتبة نور - معجم الفولكلور مع مسرد إنجليزي - عربي

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‫ﻟﻜﹾﻠﹸﻮﺭ‬‫ﻢ ﺍﻟﻔﹸﻮ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻣ‬
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‫ﰊ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻜﻠﻴﺰﻱ – ﻋ‬‫ﺩٍ ﺇﻧ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻊ ﻣ‬‫ﻣ‬
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‫ﻃﺒﻘﺎ ﻟﻘﻮﺍﻧﲔ ﺍﳌﻠﻜﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻜﺮﻳﺔ‬
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‫)ﻋـﱪ ﺍﻻﻧﱰﻧـﺖ ﺃﻭ‬
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‫ﻟﻠﻤﻜﺘﺒــﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﻟﻜﱰﻭﻧﻴــﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻷﻗــﺮﺍﺹ ﺍﳌﺪﳎــﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻯ‬
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‫ﻭﺳﻴﻠﺔ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ (‬
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‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺗﻘﺪِﻳﺮ‬
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‫ﺻ ِﺔ ﺑ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻨﻔِﻴ ِﺬ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍ ﹸﳌﻌ‪‬ﺠﻢ‪ ،‬ﺟ‪‬ﻤﻌ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﺷﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻙ ﰲ ﺟ‪‬ﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﳌﺮﺍ ِﺣ ِﻞ ﺍﳋﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺗ‪‬ﺼﻨِﻴﻔﹰﺎ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺮﺍﺟ‪‬ﻌﺔﹰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻹﺧﻮ ﹸﺓ ﺍﻟﺰ‪‬ﻣﻼ ُﺀ ﺍﻷﺳـﺎﺗِﺬﺓ ﺃﺣ‪‬ﻤـﺪ ﺁﺩﻡ ﳏﻤـﺪ‪،‬‬
‫ﺣﻘﱢﻬـﻢ ﺃﻥ ﺃﹸﻧـﻮ‪‬ﻩ‬
‫ﻭﻭﺟﺪﻱ ﺭﺯﻕ ﻏﺎﱄ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻴﺪﺓ ﺗﺮﻳﺰﺓ ﻏﺎﱄ‪ .‬ﻭﻣﻦ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﲜﻬ‪‬ﻮﺩِﻫﻢ‪.‬‬
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‫‪٣‬‬
‫ﻣﻘـﺪﻣﺔ‬
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‫ﻟﻘ ِﺩ ﺍﺯ‪‬ﺩﺍ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻡ ﺒﺎﻟﻔﻭﻟﻜﻠﻭﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻨﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻷﺨِﻴﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﻻ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﻭﺴﺎﻁ ﺍﻷﻜﺎﺩِﻴﻤﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹾﺘﺒ‪‬ﻊ‪ ‬ﺫﻟﻙ ﺒﺎﻟﻀ‪‬ـﺭﻭﺭﺓ‬
‫ﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺤﺩﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺃﻜﺜﺭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺜ ﱠﻘﻔِﻴﻥ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺼﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁﻠﹶﺤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ ﺒﻬﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﺠـﺎل‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺼﻭل ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﺤﺎﻭﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻴﻑ ﺒﺎﻟﻤ‪‬ﺼ ﹶ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺠﻤ‪‬ـﺔ‬
‫ﹶﻓﻜﱠﺭﺕ ﻤﻨﺫ ﺴﻨﻭﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﻓﻲ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻀﻊ ﻤ‪‬ﻌﺠﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺨﺎﺼ‪‬ﺎ ﺒﺎﻟﻔﻭﻟﻜﻠﻭﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺠﻬﺘﻨﻲ ﺼ‪‬ﻌﻭﺒﺎﺕ ‪‬‬
‫ﺹ ﺒﻜل ﻤﺎﺩ‪‬ﺓ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤ ِﻊ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﱠﺼﻨﻴﻑ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻜﺜﺭ ﻤﻥ ﻫﺫﺍ ﻭﺫﺍﻙ‪ ،‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﺴﺘﺨﻼﺹ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺩﻟﹸﻭل ﺍﻟﺨﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺸﺘﱠﻰ ﻋﺭﺒﻴﺔ ﻭﻋﺎﻟﹶﻤﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﻻﺒـﺩ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻤ‪‬ﺼﻨﱠﻔﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻌ ﹸ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﻤﻭﺍ ‪‬ﺩ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺠﻡ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼﻌ‪‬ﻭﺒﺘﻴﻥ ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺘﻴﻥ؛ ﺃﻭﻻﻫﻤﺎ ﺍﺘﱢﺴﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻗﻌﺔ ﺒﺤﻴﺙ ﺘﺸﻤل ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﺒَﺄﺴ‪‬ﺭﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺘﺫﻟﻴل ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﱠﻘﺎﻟﻴﺩ‪ ،‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺠﺎﻨﺏ ﺍﻵﺩ‪‬ﺍﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻨﻭﻥ‬
‫ﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻁﻭ‪‬ﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩ‪‬ﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺤ‪‬‬
‫ﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻭﻟﻜﻠﻭﺭ ﺘﹸﻌﻨﹶﻰ ﺒﺎﻟ ‪‬‬
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‫ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﹸﻠﻭﻡ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﺫﺍ ﻴﺠﻌل ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺼﻁﻠﺤﺎﺕ ﺨﺎﻀﻌﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻁـﻭﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌـﺩﻴل‪ ،‬ﺨﻀـﻭﻋﻬﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻼﻨﺘﻘﺎل ﻤﻥ ﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‪.‬‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌﻨِﻴﻴ‪‬ﻥ ﺒﺎﻟﻔﻭﻟﻜﻠﻭﺭ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻭﺜﺭ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻤﺼـﻁﻠﺢ "ﺍﻟﻔﻭﻟﻜﻠـﻭﺭ"‬
‫ﻭﺃَﺸﺎﺭ‪ ‬ﻋﻠﻲ ﺒﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﻕ ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺌﺭﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ "ﺍﻷﺩﺏ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻲ"‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻨﻬﻡ ﻤـﻥ ﻭﺴ‪‬ـﻊ‬
‫"ﺍﻟﻤﺄﺜﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒِﻲ"‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻨﻬﻡ ﻤﻥ ﻀ‪ ‬ﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎل ﺒﺤﻴﺙ ﻴﺴﺘﻭﻋِﺏ "ﺍﻟﻔﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻲ"‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻨـﻲ ﺁﺜـﺭﺕ‪ ،‬ﺒﻌـﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﻴـﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴـﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻲ ﻭﻫﻭ "ﻓﻭﻟﻜﻠـﻭﺭ"‪.‬‬
‫ﻁﹶﻠﺢ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻤﺴﺎﻴﺭﺘﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩ‪‬ﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻨﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺃﻥ ﺃﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻓﺭﻀﺕ ﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺠﻤﻊ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺠﻡ ﻜل ﻤﺎ ﺍﺴﺘﻁﻌﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻭل ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﻔﻭﻟﻜﻠﻭﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻬﻭﺭﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺭﺒﻭﻉ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﻤﺄﺜﻭﺭﺓ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺼﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻲ‪،‬‬
‫ﺴﺠ‪‬ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ َﺅ ‪‬ﺭﺨﹸـﻭﻥ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﻀـﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬
‫ﺸﻌ‪‬ﻭﺏِ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺤﻔﺭﺕ ﻟﻬﺎ ﻤﻜﺎﻨﹰﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺫﺍﻜِﺭ ِﺓ ﺍﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻤﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻭﺴﻁﻰ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺼِﺭﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺩ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﻴـﺎ ‪‬ﻡ ﺒﻤﻌﺠـﻡ ﺨـﺎﺹ ﺒـﺎﻟﻔﻭﻟﻜﻠﻭﺭ ﻤ‪‬ﻬﻤ‪‬ـ ﹲﺔ ﺴـﻬﻠﺔ‪ ...‬ﺇﻥ‬
‫ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺩﻋِﻲ َﺃ ‪‬‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ل ﻤ‪‬ﺩﻟﹸﻭﻻﺘﹸﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﺘﺨﺘﻠﻑ ﺒﺎﺨﺘﻼﻑ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻷَﺠﻴﺎل‪ .‬ﻭﻤﺜل‬
‫ﺸ ﱠﻜ ُ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﻁﻠﺤﺎﺕ ﻤﺭﻨﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺠﻡ ﺇﻨﻤﺎ ﻫﻭ ﻋﻤل ﺘﺠﺭﻴﺒﻲ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺭﻴﺎﺩﺓ ﻟﻁﺭﻴﻕ ﻏﺎﻤﺽ‪ ،‬ﻤﻊ ﻁﹸﻭﻟـﻪ ﻭﻋﺭﻀـﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﺴﺒِﻲ ﺃﻨﻨﻲ ﺒﺩﺃﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻭﺓ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺒﻴل‪.‬‬
‫ﺤ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ‪‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻭﻤﻌﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻔﻭﻟﻜﻠﻭﺭ ﻫﻭ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺍﻷﻤﺭ؛ ﻤﺤﺼﻠﺔ ﺠﻬﻭﺩ ﻋﻠﻤﺎﺀ ﻭﺭﻭﺍﺓ ﻭﻫﻭﺍﺓ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎل ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻨﻲ ﺍﻷﺼﻴل ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺘﻁﻭﺭ؛ ﻭﻫﻭ ﻤﺠﺎل "ﺍﻟﻔﻭﻟﻜﻠﻭﺭ"‪.‬‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﺼ ٍﺔ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻟﻌـﺎﺩﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺕ ﻜﺜﻴﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒﺨﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻡ ﻭﻤﻭﺴﻭﻋﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻟﻘﺩ ﻋﻜﻔﺕ ﻗﺩﺭ ﻁﺎﻗﺘﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﻌﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺭ ﻭﺍﻷﻟﻐﺎﺯ ﻭﺍﻷﻤﺜﺎل ﻭﺍﻟﺤِـ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ﺕ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺱ ﻭﺍﻷﻏﺎﻨﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻁﻘﹸﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﱠﻘﺎﻟِﻴ ِﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﻘﺎ ِﺌ ِﺩ ﻭﺍﻟ ﱡ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫‪٤‬‬
‫ﻲ ﺒﺤﻠﻘﺎﺕ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﻕ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺎﺒِ ﹶ‬
‫ﻅ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺠِﻴ َ‬
‫ﺤﱢ‬
‫ﺸﻌِﺒ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﺤ‪‬ﺴﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻑ ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻌﺎ ِﺭ ِ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻨﺎﻋﺎ ِ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺘﺎﺒﻌـﺔ ﺍﺯﺩﺍﺩﺕ ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻤ‪‬ـﺎ ﺒﻬـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﻭﻟﻜﻠﻭﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺠﻤ‪‬ﻊ ﻤﺎﺩﺘﻬﺎ ﻭﺼﻨﱠﻔﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻷﺠﻴﺎ َ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎل ﺍﻟﺤﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﱠﺘﺴِﻊ‪ ،‬ﻭﺴﺠﻠﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﻴﺭ ﻤﻥ ﻤﺄﺜﻭﺭﺍﺘﻪ ﻭﻅﻭﺍﻫﺭﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺠﻡ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ُﺃ ﹶﻗﺩ‪ ‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻪ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻨﻴـﻴﻥ ﺒـﺎﻟﻔﻭﻟﻜﻠﻭﺭ‪ ،‬ﻴﺘﺠـﺎﻭﺯ ﺍﻟﻤﺼـﻁﻠﺤﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻲ‪ ،‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻨﻭﻋﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺸﻬﻭﺭﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺸـﻌﻭﺏ‪،‬‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺨﺘﻼﻓﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻜل ﻤﺎ ﺃﺭﺠﻭﻩ ﺃﻥ ﻴﺯﻴﺩ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺭﺉ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻲ ﺒـﺎﻟﻔﻭﻟﻜﻠﻭﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬
‫ﻴﺼﺩﺭ ﻋﻥ ﺴﻠﻭﻙ ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺃ ‪‬ﻴﹰﺎ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻭﻁﻨﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺒﻴﺌﺘﹸﻪ ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻻ ﺃﺩﻋﻲ ﺃﻥ ﻫـﺫﺍ‬
‫ل ﺃﻨﻨﻲ ﺤﺎﻭﻟﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﺠَ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺠﻡ ﻗﺩ ﺃﺤﺎﻁ ﺒﻤﺠﺎل ﺍﻟﻔﻭﻟﻜﻠﻭﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺤﺴﺒﻲ ﺃﻥ ُﺃﺴ‪ ‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﻓﻲ ﻜﺎﻨﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻲ )ﻴﻨﺎﻴﺭ( ‪.١٩٨٢‬‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺩ‪ .‬ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﳊﻤﻴﺪ ﻳﻮﻧﺲ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫‪٥‬‬
‫ﺑﺎﺏ ﺍﳍﻤﺰﺓ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﻓـﻲ ﺇﺤـﺩﻯ‬
‫ﺨﺭ‪‬ﺍ ِﻓ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻭﻀ‪‬ﻭﻉ ﹸ‬
‫‪APALALA‬‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺃﹶﭘ‪‬ﺎﻻﹶﻻﹶ‬
‫ﻥ ﻤﺎ ٍﺀ ﺃﻭ ﺜﹸﻌﺒﺎﻥ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﻌـﻴﺵ‬
‫ِﺘﻨﱢﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﻨﺩ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻨﺒ‪‬ﻊ ﻨﻬﺭ ﺴﻭﺍﺕ ﻜﻤﺎ ﺠﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺼﻭ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭ ٍﺓ ﺒ‪‬ﻭ ِﺫﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺜﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ُﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﻱ ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒـﺎﺭِﻩ ﺃﺤـ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﻭﺫ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﻙ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ﱠﺘ ﹰﺔ ﻤﻥ ‪‬ﻤﻠﹸﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻥ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﺍﻴ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﻻﻟﹶـﺔ‬
‫ﻲ ﻟﻠ ‪‬ﺩ ﹶ‬
‫ﻉ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌ ِﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺢ ﺍﻹﺒﺩﺍ ِ‬
‫ﻁﹶﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼﹶ‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻑ ﺍﻟ ِﻬﺠ‪‬ﺎ ِﺌﻴ‪‬ـ ﹶﺔ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺭﺘﺒﻭﺍ ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ﺭﻭ ﹶ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻵﺩ‪‬ﺍﺏ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒ‪‬ﻴﺔ ﻓـﻲ ﺒﻌـﺽ‬
‫ﺏ ﺭِﻭﺍﻴ ﹲﺔ ﺃﺨﺭﻯ ﺇﻟﻰ‬
‫ﺃﺴﻤﺎﺌِﻬﻡ‪ .‬ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹾﺫ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﻌِﻠﻤﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻭ ﺒﻬﺫﻩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺜﹶﺎﺒ‪‬ﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒِﻴﺌﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻷﺴﻤﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺘﺔ ﺍﻷُﻭﻟﹶـﻰ ﻫـﻲ‬
‫َﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﻜﹶﺎﻴ‪‬ـﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻷَﻏـﺎﻨِﻲ‬
‫ﻴﺘﺄﻟﱠﻑ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺸﻴ‪‬ﺎﻁﻴﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃَﺴﻤﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺩ ٍﺓ ﻭ ﹶ‬
‫ﻅﻭ‪‬ﺍﻫِﺭ‬
‫ﻷ ﹾﻟﻐﹶﺎﺯ ﻭﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻷ ‪‬ﻤﺜﹶﺎل ﻭﺍ َ‬
‫ﻭﺍ َ‬
‫ﺽ ﻤ‪‬ﻨﺫ ﺍﻟﻘِـﺩ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﺒﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻌﻤ‪َ ‬‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻤﺜِﻴﻠﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻤﻤﺎ ﻴﺩﺨل ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺤﺭﻭﻑ "ﺃﺒﺠـﺩ‪ ،‬ﻫـﻭ‪‬ﺯ‪ ...‬ﺇﻟـﺦ"‬
‫ﻤﺠﺎل ﺍﻵﺩ‪‬ﺍﺏ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﺒﻌﺽ‬
‫ـﻤﺎﺕ ﺴِــﺤﺭﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ـ ﹶﺫ ﻭﻁِﻠﺴ‪‬ـ‬
‫ﹶﻜ ﹶﺘﻌ‪‬ﺎﻭِﻴـ‬
‫ﺙ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻤِﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻌﻨﹶـﻰ ﺒـﺎﻟ ﱡﺘﺭ‪‬ﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺤﺭ‪‬ﻭﻑ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﺎ ﻟﻬﺫﻩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴﺘﹶﺎ ِﺫﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻟﻺﺒ‪‬ـﺩ‪‬ﺍﻉ‬
‫ﻲ ُﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒِﻲ ﹶﻜﺭ‪‬ﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﻴ ِﻎ ﺍﻻ ﹾﻓ ِﺘﺘﹶﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺩ ِﺩ ‪‬ﻴ ٍﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ِﻗ ‪‬ﻴ ٍﻡ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒِﻲ؛ ﻜﻤﺎ ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ﺎل ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻭﻴﺩ‪.‬‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ل ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﺒ‪‬ﻭﺫﺍ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺸﻜﺎل ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﹶﺘﺤ‪ ‬ﻭ َ‬
‫ﺃﹶﺑ‪‬ﺠ‪‬ﺪ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺸﻔﹶﺎ ِﻫﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﺴ‪‬ـ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﻤ ُ‬
‫ﺠﻬ‪‬ﻭﺭ‪‬ﺓ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫‪ABJAD‬‬
‫ﻷﻟﹾﻔﺎﻅِ ﺍﻟﺜﱠﻤﺎﻨِﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ ‪‬ﺩﺭ‪‬ﺝ‬
‫لﺍَ‬
‫َﺃﻭ‪ُ ‬‬
‫ﺏ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺩﻟﱡﻭﺍ ﺒﻬـﺎ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﺭ‪‬ﻭﻓِﻬﻡ ﺍﻟ ِﻬﺠ‪‬ﺎﺌﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻷﻟﻔـﺎﻅ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺤﻁﱢـﻲ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺜﱠﻤﺎﻨﻴﺔ ﻫﻲ‪َ :‬ﺃ ‪‬ﺒﺠ‪‬ﺩ‪ ،‬ﻫﻭ‪‬ﺯ‪ ،‬‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻌ ﹶﻔﺹ‪ ،‬ﹶﻗﺭ‪‬ﺸﹶـﺕﹾ‪ ،‬ﹶﺜﺨﹶـﺫ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﻜﹶﻠ ‪‬ﻤﻥ‪ ،‬‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻴﺎﺀ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﺭﻗﺎﻡ ﻤﻥ ‪ ١‬ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫‪ ،١٠‬ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺭﻭﻑ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻜـﺎﻑ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻑ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﺭﻗﺎﻡ ‪،٤٠ ،٣٠ ،٢٠‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺭﻭﻑ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺀ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺍﻟﻐـﻴﻥ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﺭﻗﺎﻡ ‪،٤٠٠ ،٣٠٠ ،٢٠٠‬‬
‫ﻼﻗﹶـ ﹲﺔ ﺒﻴﻨـﻪ‬
‫ﻋﹶ‬
‫ﺝ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹾ‬
‫ﺞ ﹸﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﱠﺫﻱ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻨﺘﹸ ‪‬‬
‫ﻲ"‪.‬‬
‫ﻷﺩ‪‬ﺏ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌ ِﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍَ‬
‫ﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺒﻴﻥ ﻋﺎﹶﻟﻡِ ﺍﻟﺠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻌ ِﻤﻠﹶﺕ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ـﺭ‪‬ﻭﻑﹸ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ـﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﻤِﻠ ‪‬ﻴـ‬
‫ـﻲ ‪‬‬
‫ﻻﺒ‪‬ﺎﺕِ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓـ‬
‫ﻁ ‪‬ﺭ ﹶ‬
‫ﺴـ ﹸ‬
‫ﻷ‪‬‬
‫ﺍُ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ِﻜﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻨﺔِ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒﻌﺽ ﺃﻋﻤﺎل ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﺤﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﻤ ُ‬
‫ل ﹶﻜﻠِﻤ‪ ‬ﹸﺔ "ﺒﻭﺠﺎﺩﻱ" ﹸﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻻ ﹶﺘﺯ‪‬ﺍ ُ‬
‫ـﻰ‬
‫ـ ﹶﺔ ﺒ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌﻨﹶـ‬
‫ـﻲ ﺸــﻤﺎﻟﻲ ﺇ ﹾﻓﺭِﻴ ِﻘﻴ‪‬ـ‬
‫ﻓـ‬
‫"ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺒ ﹶﺘﺩِﺉ"‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﹶﺑ‪‬ﺮِﻳﻞ‬
‫‪APRIL‬‬
‫ﻼ ِﺩﻴ‪‬ﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺍﺒِﻊ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﻤِﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﻤ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﻌﺘﻘِﺩﻭﻥ ﺃﻨﱠﻪ ﺸﹶـﻬ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﻥ ﻫـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﻥ َﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﭭﻴﻨﹸﻭﺱ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻘﺩ‪‬ﺱ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﻅﹶـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻕ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﺴ‪‬ـ ِﻡ ﺍﻹﻟﹶﻬـﺔ‬
‫ﺸ ﹶﺘ ﱞ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻡ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻻ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻤ‪‬ﺎﺜِﻠﺔ ﻟِﭭﻴﻨﹸﻭﺱ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﻴ‪‬ﻭ ﹶﻨﺎﻥ ﻭﻫﻲ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫‪،١٠٠ ،٩٠ ،٨٠ ،٧٠ ،٦٠ ،٥٠‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺼِ‬
‫ﺒﻌﻀ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺒﻌﺽ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻁﹶﻠﺢِ "*‬
‫ﺼﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻤِﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻷُﺨﺭﻯ ﺒﺎﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻬﻤ‪‬ﺯﺓ‬
‫ﻑ ِﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﺭ‪‬ﻭ ﹸ‬
‫ﻀﻅﹶﻎ‪ .‬ﻭ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺩلﱡ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫ﻑ ﻗِـﻴ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ـﺭ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻟِﻠ ﱠﺘﻌ‪‬ﺎﻭِﻴﺫ ﹸﺘﻀ‪‬ـﺎ ﹸ‬
‫ﺴﻤ‪‬ﻰ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺭ‪‬ﺍﺴ ﹸﺔ ﻓـﻲ ﺒﻌـﺽ‬
‫ﻭ ﹸﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻕ ﺁﺨـﺭ‬
‫َﺃ ﹾﻓﺭ‪‬ﻭﺩِﻴﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫ‪‬ﻨﺎﻙ ﺍﺸﹾـ ِﺘﻘﹶﺎ ﹲ‬
‫‪ ،٩٠٠ ،٨٠٠ ،٧٠٠ ،٦٠٠ ،٥٠٠‬ﺍﻹﺑ‪‬ﺪ‪‬ﺍﻉ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﺸ‪‬ﻌ‪‬ﺒِ ‪‬‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﻼﺘِﻴﻨﻴ‪‬ـﺔ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌﻨﹶﺎﻫ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫‪ FOLK FICTION‬ﺍﻟ ِﻌﺒ‪‬ﺎﺭ‪‬ﺓ ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺏ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫‪ .١٠٠٠‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﹶﻟﺠ‪‬ـَﺄ ﺍﻟﻌـﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺜﱠﻤﺎﻨﻲ "ﺃﺒﺠﺩ‪ ،‬ﻫـﻭﺯ‪...‬‬
‫ﺇﻟﺦ"‪ .‬ﻭ ﹸﻜلﱡ ﻤﺎ ﹶﺫ ‪‬ﻫﺒ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻓﻲ ﻫـﺫﺍ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ـﺎ ِ‬
‫ل ِﻟ ﹾﻠ ‪‬ﻤﹶﻠ ﹶﻜـ‬
‫ﺴ ـ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﻤ ُ‬
‫ﺢ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁﹶﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼـ ﹶ‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ـﻥ‬
‫ﺼـ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﺭ ﻋـ‬
‫ـﻲ ﻻ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺔ ﺍﻟﺘـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﻼﱠﻗـ‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﻴ ٍﺔ ﹶﻓ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺩ ‪‬ﻴﺔٍ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒﺨﺎﺼ‪‬ـﺔ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺸﹶﺨ ِ‬
‫ل ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺒﺎ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻜِﻠﻤ‪‬ﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺠ‪‬ﺎﻻﹶﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻭﺴ‪ُ ‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺒﻬﺎ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻨﺸﹶـَﺄ ﺘﻠـﻙ‬
‫ﺕ َ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻭﻟﹸﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﹶﺘ ﹾﻔﺴِﻴﺭﺍ ٍ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﺴ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻬ ِﺭ ‪‬ﻤ ْﺄﺨﹸﻭ ﹲﺫ ﻤِـ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺭﺠ‪‬ﺢ ﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﺢ ﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ـﺭ‪‬ﺍﻋِﻡ‬
‫"ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﱡﺘﺢ‪"‬؛ ﻭﺫﻟـﻙ ِﻟ ﹶﺘﻔﹶـ ﱡﺘ ِ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺯﻫ‪‬ﻭﺭ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻬﺭ‪ .‬ﻭ ِﻤﻤ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟﻴ‪‬ﻭﻨﺎﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻻ ‪‬‬
‫ﻱ ﺃ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻴ َﺅﻴ‪ ‬ﺩ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺭ ْﺃ ‪‬‬
‫‪٦‬‬
‫ﺢ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ﺩﻴﺙ ﻟِﻠﺭ‪‬ﺒﻴﻊ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻌﻨِﻲ ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺘﻔﹶـ ﱡﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻷ ﹾﻜﻤ‪‬ﺎ ِﻡ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺯﻫ‪‬ﻭﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍَ‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘﺸِ ‪‬ﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺴﻴﻙ ﻋﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﹸﺓ ﻫـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺠﻨﹶﺕ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺴِ‬
‫ﻥ *ﻤ‪‬ﻭﻤ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﺃ ‪‬ﺒﺴ‪‬ﻭ‪ ،‬ﻭَﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﹶﻗ ﹶﺘ َ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﺫِﺏ ﺍﻷﺒﻴﺽ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻡ ﺍﻟﺜـﺎﻤﻥ‬
‫ﺴ ِﺩ ِﻩ‪ .‬ﻭﺠﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺠ‪‬‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﹸ‬
‫‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻴ ٍ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺸﺭﻴﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺩﻴﺴﻤﺒﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭﻜﱠـ ‪‬ﺯ‬
‫ﻥ ﺃ ‪‬ﺒﺴ‪‬ـﻭ‬
‫ﺨ ﹾﻠﻕِ ﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ﺎ ِﺒِﻠ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ ﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴﻁﹸﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺓ ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ُﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻗﺘِــﺭﺍﺽ ﺒﻌــﺽ ﺍﻷﺸــﻴﺎﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ﻷ ‪‬ﺭﺽِ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﻘﹶـﺎلُ ﺇﻨﱠـﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﻭﺍﺕ ﻭﺍ َ‬
‫ﺽ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻷﺸﻴﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺴ ﹶﺘﻌ‪‬ﺎﺭﺓ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻔﺭ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﻤِﻴـ ‪‬ﻊ‬
‫ﺴِﻠ ِﻬﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺝ ِﺘﻴ‪‬ﺎﻤ‪‬ﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﹶﻨ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﺯ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻘ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭﻀ‪‬ﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻡ ﻻ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﺭﺩ‪‬؛‬
‫ﺍﻵِﻟﻬ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻭ ﻭﺍِﻟ ‪‬ﺩ ﻤ‪‬ﻭﻤ‪‬ﻭ‪.‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺃﹶﺑ‪‬ﺮﻳﻞ )ﻛِﺬﹾﺑ‪‬ﺔﹸ ﺃﹶﺑ‪‬ﺮِﻳـﻞ(‬
‫‪APRIL FOOLS DAY‬‬
‫ﺨ ﹾﻠﻕِ‬
‫ل ﹶ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺩ ﻗﺒ َ‬
‫ﺸﺭِ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﹸﺓ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺤـﻭل ﺍﺴـﺘِﻌﺎﺭﺓ ﺃﻭ ﻫﻭ َﺃﺒ‪‬ﻭ ﺍﻟﺒ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﻁﹶﻠﻕﹸ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ٍﺓ ‪‬ﻤﺸﹾـﻬ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ٍﺓ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻡ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍ‪‬‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﻷﻭ‪‬ل ﻤـﻥ ﺸﹶـ ‪‬ﻬ ِﺭ‬
‫ﻁ ﺒـﺎ ﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻭ ِﻡ ﺍ َ‬
‫ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭ ﹶﺘﺒِ ﹸ‬
‫َﺃ ‪‬ﺒﺭِﻴل ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻐﹶﺎِﻟﺏِ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫـﻲ ﺘﹶـ ‪‬ﺩﺒِﻴ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﺨﺭ‪‬ﺓ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺇ ‪‬ﺭﺴ‪‬ـﺎل‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻌ ِ‬
‫ﺼﺩِﻗﹶﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻌ‪‬ﺎﺭِﻑ ﻓـﻲ ‪‬ﻤﻬ‪‬ـﺎ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﻷ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍَ‬
‫ﻏ ِﻡ ﻤﻥ ﹶﺘﺸﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺒ ِﻪ ﻫﺫﻩ‬
‫ﻜﺎ ِﺫ ‪‬ﺒ ٍﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺭ ﹾ‬
‫ﺇِﺑ‪‬ﻠِﻴﺲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﻠﻭﻯ ﺃﻭ ﻫ ِﺩﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺭﻤﺯﻴﺔ ﺼـﻐﻴﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ِﻬﻨﹾﺩ ﻭﺭ‪‬ﻭﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﻏﻴﺭِﻫﻤﺎ؛ ﻓـﺎﻟﺭ‪‬ﺍﺠِﺢ‬
‫ل ﻋـﻥ ﺘﻠـﻙ‬
‫ﺸﺄَﺕ ِﺒ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌ ِﺯ ٍ‬
‫َﺃﻨﱠﻬﺎ ﹶﻗ ‪‬ﺩ ﹶﻨ ﹶ‬
‫ﺼﺤ‪‬ﻭﺒﺔ ﺒ ﹶﻘﺼِﻴﺩﺓ ﹸﺘ ﹶﺫﻜﱢ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻘ ﹶﺘﺭ‪‬ﺽ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼلِ ﺒﻠﺱ؛ ﻷﻨﻪ َﺃ ‪‬ﺒﹶﻠﺱ‪‬‬
‫ﻷ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸ ﹶﺘﻘﱠﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍ َ‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ﹾ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻐ ﹾﻔﻠﹶـ ﹸﺔ‬
‫ﻉ ﻭﺠﺎ ‪‬ﺯ ِ‬
‫ﺨ ِﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﻨﻪ ﺒﺄﻨﻪ ﻗﺩ ﹸ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﻁﱠﺒﻴﻌ ﹸﺔ ﻟﻺﻨﺴﺎﻥ ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺨﻴ‪ُ ‬‬
‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﹸﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﻥ ﻫـﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻌـﺎﺩ‪‬ﺓ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺭﻭﻴﺞ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻤﺎ ِﺭﺴ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻁِﻴ ِﺭ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻠﺒ‪‬ـ ِﺩ‬
‫ل ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ‪ ‬ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘﺤ‪ ‬ﻭ ُ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﱠﻤﺱ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺸﹾـ ِﺭﻗﹶﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻓـﻲ ﻫـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺕ ِﻜ ﹾﺫ ‪‬ﺒ ﹸﺔ َﺃ ‪‬ﺒﺭِﻴـل ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺸﺭ‪ ‬ﹾ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ﺍ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﻥ ﻋﺸـﺭ‪،‬‬
‫ﺇﻨﻜﻠﺘﺭﺍ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻥ ﺍﻟﺜـﺎ ِﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴﻤ‪‬ﻰ ﻓﻲ ﺃﺴﻜﺘﻠﻨﺩﺍ ﻋﺎﺩ ﹰﺓ "ﺼ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﻭ ﹸﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻼﻫ‪‬ـ ﹶﺔ ﻫﻨـﺎﻙ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﺴ‪‬ـﻤ‪‬ﻰ‬
‫ﺠﺴ‪ ‬ﻡ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒ ﹶ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﹶﺘﺠ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺯ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ ِﻜ ﹾﺫﺒ‪‬ـ ﹸﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺠ ُ‬
‫ﺃﺒﺭﻴل ﻓﻲ ﻓﺭﻨﺴﺎ "ﺴ‪‬ﻤ‪ ‬ﹶﻜ ﹶﺔ َﺃ ‪‬ﺒﺭِﻴل"‪.‬‬
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‫ﺴﺠ‪‬ﺩﻭﺍ ﻟﻪ‬
‫ﺇﺫ َﺃﻤ‪‬ﺭ‪ ‬ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻼ ِﺌ ﹶﻜ ﹶﺔ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔ ِﻜﻬ‪‬ﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻤﻴﻥ ﺍﻷﻭ‪‬ل ﻭﺍﻷﺨِﻴﺭ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺸﻬﺭ ﺃﺒﺭﻴل‪.‬‬
‫‪APSU‬‬
‫ﺕ ِﺇﻴ‪‬ﺎ ‪ Ea‬ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻤِﻴﻕﹸ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ِﻤﻴ‪‬ـﺎ ‪‬ﻩ‬
‫‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻴ ﹸ‬
‫ـﺩ ِﺓ‬
‫ـﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻘِﻴـ‬
‫ـﻰ ﻓـ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻷُﻭﹶﻟـ‬
‫ﺼـ ِ‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺱ ﹶﻓﻘﹶـ ِﺩ ﺍﺴ‪‬ـ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻜ ‪‬ﺒﺭ‪،‬‬
‫ﻻ ﺇ ‪‬ﺒﻠِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﹶﻓﺴ‪‬ﺠ‪‬ﺩ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﺇ ﱠ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﻥ ‪‬ﻴﺴ‪‬ـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨﻠﹸﻭﻕ ﻤﻥ ﻨﺎﺭ‪َ ،‬ﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﻭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾ‬
‫ﻕ ﻤﻥ ﻁِﻴﻥٍ؛ ﻭﻟـﺫﻟﻙ‬
‫ﺨﻠِ ﹶ‬
‫ﻵﺩﻡ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﹸ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﻁ ِﺭ ‪‬ﺩ ﻭﹸﻟ ِﻌﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﺘﻭﺴ‪‬ل ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻤﻬ‪َ ‬‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﺤﺴ‪‬ـﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﻴﻨﹶﺎل ﺠﺯﺍﺀ‪‬ﻩ ﺇﻻ ﻴ‪‬ﻭﻡ ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ل ﹸﻜلﱢ ﺍﻷﺸـﻴﺎﺀ‬
‫ﺼَ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ﺎ ِﺒِﻠﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻌﺩ‪َ ‬ﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﺠﻌِـ َ‬
‫ﻁﻠﹶﺒـﻪِ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺇﻟﻰ ﹶ‬
‫ﻓُﺄﺠِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠ‪‬ﻭﺩﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﹶﻟﻡِ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻭﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫـﻭ‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﺩﻕﹸ‬
‫ل ﻤﻥ ﻻ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻱ ﹶﻜ ﱠ‬
‫ﺴ ﹾﻠﻁﹶﺎﻥ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻐ ِﻭ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺼﻔﺔ ﻴﺨ ﹶﺘﻠِﻑ ﻋﻥ * ِﺘﻴ‪‬ﺎﻤ‪‬ـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺒﻬﺫﻩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ‪‬ﻴﺸِﻴ ‪‬ﻊ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻤﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ﻭﺍﻟ ﹶﻔ ‪‬ﻭﻀ‪‬ﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱢﺘﻨﱢﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭ ﹸﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﹶﻟﻡِ‪ .‬ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹾﺫ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩِﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺇﻴﻤ‪‬ﺎﻨِﻪ ﺒﺎﷲ ﻤﻥ ِ‬
‫ﺠﻨﱠـ ِﺔ‬
‫ﻏﻭ‪‬ﻯ ﺁﺩ‪‬ﻡ ﻭﺤﻭ‪‬ﺍﺀ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭَﺃ ﹾ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻋ‪‬ﺼﻔﻭﺭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻭ ﹾﻗﻭ‪‬ﺍﻕ"؛ ﻭﻫـﻭ ﻁـﺎ ِﺌ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﺤﻪِ؛‬
‫ﺦ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻤﻥ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻥ ﻭ ﹶﻨ ﹶﻔ ﹶ‬
‫ﻥ ﻁِﻴ ٍ‬
‫ﷲ ِﻤ ِ‬
‫ﺍ ُ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﻀﻌ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﻟﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨﺭ‪‬ﺓ ﺃﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﺤﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺨﻠﹶﻘـ ‪‬ﻪ‬
‫ﺨ ﹾﻠﻕِ ﺁﺩ‪‬ﻡ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺃﻥ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺘﻤ‪ ‬ﺭﺩ‪ ‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﹶ‬
‫ﻥ ﺃﻟﻤﺎﻨﻴـﺎ‬
‫ﻥ ﺴ‪‬ـﻜﱠﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻭﻴﺩ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔﺼ‪‬ل ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺴ ﹶﺘﺒِﻴ ‪‬ﺢ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺠﻤِﻴﻊ‪ ،‬ﺤﺘﱠﻰ َﺃ ‪‬ﻫ ُل ﺃﭘ‪‬ﺴ‪‬ﻮ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺤﻴ‪‬ـ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻭﻗﹶﺎﺭِ‪ ،‬ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺩﺒ‪‬ﺭ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻭﺠﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻜـﺭﻴﻡ ﺃﻨﱠـﻪ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟ ﹸﻐﻴ‪‬ﻭﻡ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ـﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺩﻭ‪ ‬ﺍﷲ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺩﻭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﻴﻁﹶﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻭﻴ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻡ ِﻜ ﹾﺫ ‪‬ﺒ ِﺔ ﺃﺒﺭﻴـل ﺸـﺎﺌِﻊ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﱡﻘﻭﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩلﱡ ﺘﹶﻭﻗِﻴﺘﹸﻬـﺎ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﻋ ِﺘ ـﺩ‪‬ﺍل ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺒﻴ ِﻌ ـﻲ‪،‬‬
‫ـﺎ ﺒﺎﻻ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺘﺒ‪‬ﺎﻁِﻬـ‬
‫ﻲ ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫ﺤﻤ‪‬ـ ِﺔ ﺍﷲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺴ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺇﻴﻁﺎﻟﻴــﺎ ﻭﺇﺴــﺒﺎﻨﻴﺎ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺭﺘﻐــﺎل‬
‫‪SATAN‬‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﻴﻁﹶﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻜِﻠﻤﺔ‬
‫ﻫﻭ ﺍﺴ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺱ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻘﺩِﻴﻤ‪‬ﺔ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻁﻘﹸﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩ‪‬ﺓ ِﺒ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻌ ِ‬
‫ﻻ ﻤﻨﻬﺎ ﺼ‪‬ﻨﺩﻭﻕ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺇﻨﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺭﺩ‪ ‬ﺒﺩ ﹰ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻤ ِﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺓ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸ‪‬‬
‫ﻼ ﻤﻥ ﹶﺜﻤ‪‬ﺭ‪‬ﺓِ ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻓَﺄ ﹶﻜ ﹶ‬
‫ﻥ ﺃ ‪‬ﺒﺴ‪‬ـﻭ‪،‬‬
‫ﻕ ﻤﻥ ﻁِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺨﻠِ ﹶ‬
‫ﻥ ﹸ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃ‪‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺨَ‬
‫ل ﻟِﻴ‪ ‬ﺩ ﹸ‬
‫ﺤﺘﹶﺎ َ‬
‫ﺱ ﺍ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺇ ‪‬ﺒﻠِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺭﻭ‪‬ﻯ ﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺇﻴﺎ – ﺇ ﹾﻨﻜِـﻲ ‪ Ea-Enki‬ﻗﹶـﺩ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻴﺔِ؛‬
‫ﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺫﻟﻙ ﺒﺎﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘﻌ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠ ﱠﻨﺔﹶ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫‪٧‬‬
‫ﻁ ِﻨﻬ‪‬ـﺎ(‪.‬‬
‫)ﻭﻓﻲ ﺭﻭ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﻴ ٍﺔ ﺃُﺨﺭﻯ ﻓﻲ ‪‬ﺒ ﹾ‬
‫ﺱ‬
‫ﺁَﻭﻯ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪‬ﻴﺴ‪‬ﺎﺭ ﻤﺎ ﻴﻌـﺩﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﱠـﺎ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻭِﻟ ‪‬ﺩ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺒﻊ ﺍﻷﺨﻴﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻘـﺭﻥ‬
‫ﺤﻭ‪‬ﺍﺀ ﻤِﻥ ﻓـ ِﻡ‬
‫ﺱ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪‬‬
‫ﺙ ﺇ ‪‬ﺒﻠِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺘﺤ‪ ‬ﺩ ﹶ‬
‫ﻥ َﺁﻭ‪‬ﻯ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻨﹶﺫﻴﺭ ﺸﹸﺅﻡ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﻘﹸﻭ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﺒـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺩﺱ ﺍﻟﻬﺠﺭﻱ )ﺍﻟﺜـﺎﻨﻲ ﻋﺸـﺭ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺓ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﺸ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ ﻭَﺃﻨﹾﺒَﺄﻫ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺒ ﹶﺜﻤ‪‬ﺭ ِﺓ ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨﻠﹸﻭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻤﻀ‪‬ـﺕ‬
‫ﻥ ﻟﻬﺎ ﺍﻟ ﹸ‬
‫ﻀ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﹶﺎﻴ‪‬ﺎﺕِ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻌﺒ ّ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ ﺒـ ﹶﻨ ﹾﻔﺱِ‬
‫‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻌ ِ‬
‫ﺏ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﻘﹸﻭﻡ ﺒﻪ ﺍﻟﺜﱠﻌﻠـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﻼﺩﻱ(‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻤﺎ ﺒ‪‬ﹶﻠ ﹶﻎ ﺍﻟﻌِﺸﺭﻴﻥ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﺱ‬
‫ﻅﻬ‪‬ﺭ ﻟﻬﺎ ﺇ ‪‬ﺒﻠِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﻭ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﺀ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺠﺭﺓ ﹶ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺨﹸﺭﺍﻓﹶﺎﺕِ‪ ،‬ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻴﻭ‪‬ﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺤِﻜﹶﺎﻴ‪‬ﺎﺕِ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻤ‪‬ــﺭﺍﻜِﺵ ﻭﺍﻟﺠﺯﺍﺌــﺭ ﻭﺘﹸــﻭﻨﺱ‬
‫ﻷ ‪‬ﻭﺴ‪‬ـﻁ‬
‫ﻷ ‪‬ﺩﻨﹶﻰ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﱠﺭﻕ ﺍ َ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺭﻕ ﺍ َ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺍﻷﻋﺸﺎﺏ‪ .‬ﻭﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻭﺼ‪‬ـ َ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﱠﺭﻕ ﺍﻷﻗﺼ‪‬ﻰ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋﻴ‪ ‬ﹶﻨ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻟﻤﻠـﻙ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻤِـل‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﻤﺼ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﻥ ﹶﻓ ﱠﻜ ‪‬ﻴﻬ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫ﺱ ﺒ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠِﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﹶﻓَﺄﺒ‪‬ﺎﺤ‪‬ﺕ ﻟﻪ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺒﺨﺎﺼ‪‬ﺔ ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﻴ‪‬ﺴ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻊ ﻋ‪‬ﻭﺍ ‪‬ﺀ ﺍﺒـﻥ‬
‫ﺏ ‪‬ﻤﺸﹸﻬﻭﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋﺸﱠﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﻭ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﻭ ﻋﺎِﻟ ‪‬ﻡ ﹶﻨﺒ‪‬ﺎ ٍ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺽ‬
‫ل ‪‬ﺒﻌ‪‬ـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺼ‪‬ﻭﺭﺓ ‪‬ﻤﹶﻠﻙٍ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﻘﹸـﻭ ُ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﺍ ِﺓ ﺇﻨﱠﻪ ﻗﺩ‪‬ﻡ ﻟﻬﺎ ﺜﻤﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﺠﺭﺓ‬
‫ﻋ‪‬ﻤﺭِﻩ ﺴﺎﻓﹶﺭ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺸـﻤﺎﻟﻲ ﺇﻓﺭﻴﻘﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﹶﺎﻴ‪‬ﺎﺕِ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻵﺴﻴ ِﻭﻴ‪‬ﺔ‬
‫ـﺎ ِﺌ ِﺭ‬
‫ـﻰ ﺴـ‬
‫ـﺎ ﻋﻠـ‬
‫ﺴـ‬
‫ﻲ "ﺭﺌﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ـﻭﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﻴـ‬
‫ﺏ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﻷﺭ‪‬ﺽ‪ .‬ﻭ ﹸﻜ ِﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﱠﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍ َ‬
‫ﻷﺴ‪‬ـﺩ‪،‬‬
‫ﻉ ﺍﻟﻔﹶﺭﻴﺴ‪‬ـ ﹶﺔ ﹶﻓ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻘ ﹸﺘﹸﻠﻬ‪‬ـﺎ ﺍ َ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻔ ِﺯ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﺴ‪‬ﺘﺒﻘﹶﺎﻩ ﻓﻲ ﺨِﺩﻤﺘـﻪ ﺍﺒﻨﹸـﻪ ﺍﻟﻤﻠـﻙ‬
‫ﻁ ِﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﻑ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪‬ﺒ ﹾ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ ﺃﻥ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺯﺤ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﻤِﻬ‪‬ـﺎ ﻤـﺎ ﻴﻜﻔِﻴـﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﻥ ﹶﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ل ِﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺘﻨﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻭ ُ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﺎﻟﺢ ﻨﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﺩﻴﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﻟـﻪ ِﻜﺘﹶﺎﺒ‪‬ـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﺠﻤِﻴﻠﹶـ ﹰﺔ ﻤـﻥ ﹶﺫﻭ‪‬ﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺩﺍ ‪‬ﺒ ﹰﺔ ‪‬‬
‫ﻲ ﻻﺒﻥ َﺁﻭ‪‬ﻯ ﻤ‪‬ﻜﺎﻓﹶﺄ ﹰﺓ ﻟﻪ‪.‬‬
‫‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﺘﺭ‪‬ﻙ ﺍﻟﺒﺎ ِﻗ ‪‬‬
‫ﻷ ‪‬ﺩ ِﻭﻴ‪‬ـ ِﺔ‬
‫ﺃﻭﻟﹸﻬﻤﺎ ﻜﺘﺎﺏ "ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻤِﻊ ﻓﻲ ﺍ َ‬
‫ﺱ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﻴـﻭﻡ‬
‫ﻷ ‪‬ﺭﺒ‪‬ﻊ‪ .‬ﻭُﺃ ﹾﻨﻅِﺭ ﺇﺒﻠﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍَ‬
‫ﻁﹶﻠﻕﹸ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺒﻥ َﺁﻭ‪‬ﻯ ﻓﻲ ﺒﻌﺽ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻔ ‪‬ﺭﺩ‪‬ﺍﺕ"؛ ﻭﻫﻭ ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋـﺔ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺏ ﻭﺍﻟ ﹸﻘﺒ‪‬ــﻭ ِﺭ ﻭَﺃﻤ‪‬ــﺎ ِﻜ ِ‬
‫ﺨﺭ‪‬ﺍﺌِــ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﻷﺴ‪‬ـ ِﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻨﻅـﺭ‪‬ﺍ‬
‫ﻙ" ﺃﻱ ‪‬ﻭﺯِﻴﺭ ﺍ َ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤِﻠ ِ‬
‫ﺠ ِﻤﻌ‪‬ﺕ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻴﻭ‪‬ﺍﻥ‪ ،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻌﺩِﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﱠﺒﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁﻌ‪‬ﺎﻤ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻪ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺫﹸﻭﺭ‪‬ﺍﺕِ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺼﺒﺢ ﹶ‬
‫ل‬
‫ل ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔﺭِﻴﺴ ﹶﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻴ‪ ‬ﹶﺘﻨﹶـﺎﻭ‪ُ ‬‬
‫ﻷﻨﻪ ﻻ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻘ ﹸﺘ ُ‬
‫ﻥ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺭ‪‬ﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻥ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ‪‬ﻤ َﺅﱠﻟﻔﹶﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻴ‪‬ﻭﻨﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺼﻨﹶﺎﻡِ‪،‬‬
‫ﻷ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺒﻪ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍ َ‬
‫ﺤ ِﻡ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ‪‬ﻴﺘﹶﻘﺭ‪ ‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﱠﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﺒ‪‬ﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻬﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺱ ﺒﺎﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻤﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻭ‪‬ﺼ‪ ‬ﹶﻔﻪ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﹶﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﹶﺘﺠ‪‬ﺎﺭِﺏ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺅﻟﱢﻑ ﻨﻔﺴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻭ ﻤ‪‬ﺭﺘﱠﺏ‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬ﻤﺭ‪ ‬ﻭﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻩ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻭﺴِـﻴﻘﹶﻰ‬
‫ﺸﺭ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﹶ‬
‫ﺏ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺽ ﺃﻨﱠﻪ ﻻ ‪‬ﻴﺠِـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻴ‪ ‬ﻌ ﹶﺘﻘِ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟﺒﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺤﺴ‪‬ﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺱ ﻴﻭ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻠﻘﹶﻰ ﺇ ‪‬ﺒﻠِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺢ ﺠﺒﺎﻨﹰﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﺇﻓﺭﻴﻘﻴﺔ ﹸﺘﻌﺘﹶﺒـ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﺼ ِﺒ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﻨﻔﺴﻪ؛ ﻓﻜﺎﻥ ﻤـﺎ ﻫـﻭ ﻤـﺎ ﻫـﻭ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﻁ ﺁﺩﻡ ﻭﺤﻭﺍﺀ ﻤﻥ‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌﺭ‪‬ﻭﻑ ﻤﻥ ‪‬ﻫﺒ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻷﺴ‪‬ـﺩِ‪،‬‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺩ ِﺓ ﺍ َ‬
‫ﻥ َﺁﻭ‪‬ﻯ ﺒ ‪‬ﻤﺴ‪‬ـﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻴﻘﹸﻭ ِﻡ ﺍﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﻙ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻤل‬
‫ﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤِﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺸﱠﺎﺒﻴﻥ‪" .‬ﻭﻟﻤﺎ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻭ ﱢﻓ ‪‬‬
‫ﺵ ﺒﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺏ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴﻌِﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﺒﻌﺜﹸﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹸﻜ ِﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﺑ‪‬ﻦ‪ ‬ﺁﻭ‪‬ﻯ‬
‫‪JACKAL‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺁﻭ‪‬ﻯ ﻋﻨـﺩ ﻗﹸـﺩﻤﺎ ِﺀ‬
‫ﻁ ﺍﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍ ‪‬ﺭ ﹶﺘﺒ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ل ﹶﻗ ﹾﻠﺒ‪‬ـﻪ‪ ،‬ﺤﺘﱠـﻰ ﻻ‬
‫ﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ْﺄﻜﹸـ َ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺭﺀ َﺃ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻤﺭ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﺭ ﹸﺓ ﺍﺒـﻥ َﺁﻭ‪‬ﻯ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﻭﻴ‪‬ـ ﹰﺔ ﻟﻠﺒ‪‬ـﺎﻩ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﺒﻥ ﺁَﻭﻯ ﻨﹶـﺫِﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﺒﺤﻠﹸـﻭل ﻜﺎ ِﺭﺜﹶـﺔ‪،‬‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﺝ‬
‫ل ﻓﻴـﻪ ﻋِـﻼ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻘﹶﺎﻗِﻴﺭ‪ ،‬ﹶﺘﻨﹶﺎﻭ‪َ ‬‬
‫ﻋﻀ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻋ‪‬ﻀﻭ‪‬ﺍ ﻋ‪‬ﻀﻭ‪‬ﺍ ﺒﻁﺭﻴﻘـﺔ‬
‫ﻷ‪‬‬
‫ﺍَ‬
‫ﺹ‬
‫ـﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ـﻰ ‪‬ﻤ ـ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻫ ٍﻡ ﺨـ‬
‫ﻑ ﺇﻟـ‬
‫ـﺎ ﹸ‬
‫ﻀـ‬
‫ﻭ ﹸﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠ ﹾﻨﺴ‪‬ﺎﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﺨ ِﺩ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹾ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ــ )‪١٢٤٨‬ﻡ( ﻓـ‬
‫ـﺎﻡ ‪٦٤٦‬ﻫـ‬
‫ﻋـ‬
‫‪IBN AL-BAITAR‬‬
‫ﺃﺒﻭ ﻤﺤﻤﺩ ﻋﺒﺩ ﺍﷲ ﺒـﻥ ﺃﺤﻤـﺩ‬
‫ﻀﻴﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺩﻴﻥ ﺒﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻁﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻤـﺎﻟِﻘﻲ‪،‬‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﻴﺩ‪‬ﹶﻟﺔِ‬
‫ﻋﻠﹸﻭ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺩﻤﺸﻕ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻤﺎ ﺍ ‪‬ﺭ ﹶﺘﻘﹶﺕ ‪‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻥ ﻋ‪‬ﻭﺍ ‪‬ﺀ‬
‫ﻲ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻌ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﺩ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻬِﻨﺩ ﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ﹾﻔِﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻷ ‪‬ﺩﻭِﻴ‪‬ﺔِ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻔ ‪‬ﺭﺩ‪‬ﺓ"‬
‫ﻜﺘﺎﺏ "ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻐﻨِﻲ ﻓِﻲ ﺍ َ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻴﻁﹶﺎﺭ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻲ ﺍﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﺨﺘﺼﺭﺓ‪ .‬ﻭ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻭ ﱢﻓ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤِﺼﺭﻴﻴﻥ ﺒـ * َﺃﻨﹸﻭﺒﻴﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜـﺎﻥ ﺍِﺑ‪‬ﻦ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﻄﹶﺎﺭ‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻭﺘﹶﻰ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻤﻘﺭ‪‬ﻫﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ﻑ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻌﺠ‪‬ـﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﺜﺎﻨِﻴﻬِﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺤﺭ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ‪‬‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺠﻨﹸﻭﺩ‪‬ﻩ ﻭﺍﻟﻐﹶﺎﻭ‪‬ﻭﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻬ ﱠﻨ ‪‬ﻡ ﻫﻭ ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻨﺎ ِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ " ‪‬ﻭﺯِﻴـﺭ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌ ِﺒ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ ﹶﻟﻘﹶـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴ‪‬ﺎ ِ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺹ ﻭﺍﻟ ﱢ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺭ ﹾﻗ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌِﻼﺠ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺴﻴﻁﺔ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺴﺘﹶﻤﺩ‪‬ﺓ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻭﻟﹶﺕ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻜﺜِﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﻤﻥ ‪‬ﻭﺼ‪‬ـﻔﺎﺘِﻪ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﻌ ِﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻁ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﺍﻟ ﱢ‬
‫‪‬ﻤﺠ‪‬ﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺍﺑﻦ ﺧ‪‬ﻠﹾﺪ‪‬ﻭﻥ‬
‫‪٨‬‬
‫‪IBN KHALDUN‬‬
‫"‪١٤٠٦ – ١٣٣٢‬ﻡ"‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺃﺒﻭ ﺯﻴﺩ ﻋﺒـﺩ ﺍﻟـﺭ‪‬ﺤﻤﻥ ﺒـﻥ‬
‫ﺨﻠﹾــﺩ‪‬ﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻤ‪‬ــﺅﺭ‪‬ﺥ ﻭﻓﹶﻴﹶﻠﺴ‪‬ــﻭﻑ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﻲ ﻤ‪‬ﺸﻬ‪‬ﻭﺭ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘﻬِﻲ ﹶﻨﺴ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻪ‬
‫ﻋ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﺠ ِﺘﻤ‪‬ﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻙ ِﻜ ﹾﻨﺩ‪‬ﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ‬
‫ﺤﺠ‪‬ﺭ ﻤﻥ ‪‬ﻤﻠﹸﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ‪‬ﺒﻨِﻲ ‪‬‬
‫ﺱ ﻫـﺫﻩ‬
‫ﺱ ‪‬ﺭ ْﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﻷﻨﹾـ ‪‬ﺩﹸﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺭ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍ َ‬
‫ﻫﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷُﺴﺭﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻥ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺙ ﺍﻟﻬِﺠ ِﺭﻱ‪،‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﺴﻤ‪‬ﻪ ﺨﺎﻟِﺩ ﺒﻥ ﻋ‪‬ﺜﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻱ ﺴـﺒﻌ ﹶﺔ‬
‫ﻲ ﻭﺍﻹﺩﺍ ِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻴﺎﺴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤ َ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺁﺜﺎﺭِﻩ ﻏﻴـﺭ ﺘﺎﺭِﻴﺨِـﻪ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻜﺒِﻴـﺭ‬
‫ﺃﻋﻭﺍﻡٍ‪ ،‬ﹶﻗﻀ‪‬ﻰ ﻤﻨﻬﺎ ﺃﺭﺒﻌ ﹰﺔ ﻓﻲ ﹶﻗ ﹾﻠﻌ‪‬ﺔِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻭﺴ‪‬ﻭﻡ ِﺒ ‪‬ﻌ ﹾﻨﻭ‪‬ﺍﻥ "ﻜِﺘـﺎﺏ ﺍﻟ ِﻌﺒ‪‬ـﺭ‬
‫ﺍﺒﻥ ﺴﻼﻤﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻜ ﹶﺘﺏ‪ ‬ﻓﻴﻬـﺎ ﻤ‪‬ﻘ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﻤﺘﹶـﻪ‬
‫ﺨﺒ‪‬ﺭ ﻓـﻲ َﺃﻴ‪‬ـﺎﻡِ‬
‫ﻭ ِﺩﻴ‪‬ﻭﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺒ ﹶﺘﺩ‪‬ﺃ ﻭﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﻕ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺭﺒِـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸ ِﺭ ِ‬
‫ل ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾ‬
‫ﺜﻡ ﺭ‪‬ﺤ‪َ ‬‬
‫ﺴ ـ ﹾﻠﻁﹶﺎﻥ‬
‫ـﻥ ﺫﻭﻱ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺭﻫﻡ ﻤـ‬
‫ﻋﺎﺼـ‬
‫ﻭَﺃﻗﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘـﺎﻫِﺭﺓ َﺃﻤ‪‬ـﺩ‪‬ﺍ‪ ،‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻌﻠﱢـ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﺸﻬ‪‬ﻭﺭ‪‬ﺓ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻜﹾﺒﺭ"‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﺩﻤ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾ‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﻁﻠﹸ ‪‬‬
‫ﺙ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻘﻀِﻲ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒ‪‬ﻌ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﺨﻴ‪‬ـ ﹶﺔ‬
‫ﻀ ‪‬ﻊ ﻓﻴﻬـﺎ ﹶﻓ ﹾﻠﺴ‪‬ـ ﹶﻔ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺎﺭِﻴ ِ‬
‫‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁﺭِﻴﻕِ؛‬
‫ﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻋﺎ ِﺌﹶﻠ ﹶﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﱠﻬﺎ ﻏﹶﺭ ﹶﻗ ﹾ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﺸﹶـ ِﺭﻱ‪ ،‬ﺜـﻡ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﻤﺭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﻭُﺃﺼ‪‬ﻭ َ‬
‫ﺠ ِﻡ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺭﺒ‪‬ـﺭِ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺏ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻜﺒِﻴ ‪‬ﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺸﻬ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ﹶﺓ ﻭﺒ‪‬ﺩ‪َ‬ﺃ ﺘﹶﺎﺭِﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺯﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﺫﻫ‪‬ﺏ‪ ‬ﺇﻟـﻰ ‪‬ﻤﻜﹶـ ﹶﺔ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﻐﹶﻠﺒ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ِﻜﺘﹶﺎﺏ "ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻌﺭِﻴﻑ ﺒﺎﺒﻥ ﺨﻠﺩﻭﻥ" ﺍﻟﱠﺫﻱ‬
‫ﺼﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻭﻟﱠﻰ ﻓِﻴﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺤﺎﺠ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﻋﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﺇﻟﻰ ِﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭﺠ‪‬ﻡ‪ ‬ﻓﻴﻪ ﻟﻨﻔﺴِﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭَﺃ ﹾﻟﻘﹶﻰ ‪‬ﺒﺼِﻴﺼ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﻘﹶﻀﺎﺀِ ‪‬ﻤﺭ‪‬ﺍﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻨ ِ‬
‫ﻼﻗِـ ِﻪ ﻭﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺨﹶ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻀ‪‬ﻭﺀ ﻋﻠﻰ َﺃ ﹾ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺨ ﹾﻠﺩ‪‬ﻭﻥ"‪.‬‬
‫ﺴ ِﻡ " ﹶ‬
‫ﻑ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺒﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﺭِ ﹶ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﻋﺘﹶـﺯ‪َ ‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻤﺎﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ ﻭﺍﻷ ﹾﻨ ‪‬ﺩﹸﻟﺱِ‪ ،‬ﺜـﻡ ﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﺴ‪‬ﺎﺏ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻡ ‪‬ﻴﺼِـ ﹾﻠﻨﹶﺎ‬
‫ﺨﺭ‪‬ﻯ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻭُﺃ ﹾ‬
‫‪‬ﻭِﻟ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﻤ َﺅ ‪‬ﺭﺨﹸﻨﺎ ﺒﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ ﺘﹸﻭﻨﺱ ﻋـﺎﻡ‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫‪٧٣٢‬ﻫـ )‪١٣٣٢‬ﻡ(‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﻴﻌ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ ﹸ‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫ﺼﺒ‪‬ﺎﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﺜﻘِ ﹶ‬
‫ﻁﻔﹸﻭﹶﻟﺘِﻪِ ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻜﺜِﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﻋ‪‬ﻥ ﹸ‬
‫ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺩ‬
‫ﻑ ﺍﻟﱡﻠ ﹶﻐ ِﻭﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺩﻴِﻨ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺔ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻌ‪‬ﺎ ِﺭ ﹶ‬
‫ﺱ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻠﹸـﻭ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟﻔِﻘ ِﻬﻴ‪‬ـ ﹶﺔ‬
‫َﺃﺒِﻴﻪِ‪ ،‬ﺜﹸـ ‪‬ﻡ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻅ‬
‫ﻷ ‪‬ﺩ ِﺒ ‪‬ﻴﺔﹶ‪ ،‬ﻭﺤ‪‬ﻔِ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﱡﻠ ﹶﻐ ِﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﱠﺤ ِﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺔ ﻭﺍ َ‬
‫ﻲ ﻋﻠـﻰ َﺃ ِﺌﻤ‪‬ـ ٍﺔ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﱢﻌ ِﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﺎ ِﻫِﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﺒ ﹶﻨ ﹾﻔﺴِﻪِ َﺃﺴ‪‬ـﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ‪‬ﻫﻡ‬
‫ﺠَ‬
‫ﺴ‪‬‬
‫ﺸﻬ‪‬ﻭﺭِﻴﻥ‪ ،‬‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ﹾ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤ ِﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ‪‬ﻭﻀ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻌﻬ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﺩ ِﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ‪‬‬
‫ِﻟﺫﹶﺍﺘِﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻕ ﺍﻟﺜﱠـﺎﻨِﻲ‬
‫ﻥ ﺃﺒﻭ ﺇﺴﺤ ﹶ‬
‫ﻋﻴ‪ ‬ﹶﻨ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻠﻁﺎ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ـﺎ‬
‫ـﻭﻨﺱ ﻜﺎ ِﺘ ‪‬ﺒـ‬
‫ـﺭ ﹸﺘـ‬
‫ﻲ ﺃﻤﻴـ‬
‫ﺼـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ ﹾﻔ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ﹾﻠﻁﹶﺎﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﺴ ﹾﻠﻁﹶﺎ ِﻨﻴ‪‬ﺔ ِﺒﺸﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺓ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ﹸﻜ ﹸﺘ ِ‬
‫ﻕ ﺠﺎﻨﺒ‪‬ﺎ ﻜﺒﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤﻥ ﺠﻬﺩِﻩ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻭَﺃ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻔ ﹶ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘﻨﹶﺎﻅﹸﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺨِـﻼﹶﻑ ﺒ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﺴ ِﺘﻐﹾﻼ ِ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ـﻲ ﺇ ﹾﻓﺭِﻴ ِﻘ ‪‬ﻴـ‬
‫ﻑ ﻓـ‬
‫ﻙ ﺍﻟﻁﱠﻭﺍ ِﺌـ ِ‬
‫ـﻭ ِ‬
‫‪‬ﻤﹸﻠـ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﺸ ﹶﻐﻔﹸﻪ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻘﺩِﻴ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﺨ ﹾﻠﺩ‪‬ﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻋﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ـﻥ‬
‫ﺨ ِﻪ ﻭﻤـ‬
‫ـﻴ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ـﻥ ﺸﹸـ‬
‫ـ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺩﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﻤـ‬
‫ﺍﺴ‪‬ـ‬
‫ﻏ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻐﹸـﻭلِ‪،‬‬
‫ل ﺒﻁﹶﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﱠﺂﻤ‪‬ﺭ؛ ﻓﺎﺘﱠﺼ َ‬
‫ﻋﺼ‪‬ـ ِﺭﻩِ‪،‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘﺩ‪‬ﺍﻭ‪‬ﹶﻟﺔِ ﻓﻲ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼ ﱠﻨﻔﹶﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﺭ ﻭ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻭﻟﱠﻰ‬
‫ﻥ ﻋﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﺇﻟﻰ ِﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺙﺃ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻤﺎ ﹶﻟﺒِ ﹶ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﻭ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﹶﻓَﺄﻋ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻨ ‪‬ﻪ ﺫﻟﻙ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃَﻥ ﻴ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﻑ ﺍﻟﱠﺘﻲ‬
‫ﻅﺘِﻪ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺠﺎﻨِﺏ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻌ‪‬ﺎ ِﺭ ِ‬
‫ﺤﹶ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﻼ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁﺤ‪‬ﺏ‪ ‬ﻤﻌـﻪ ﺍﺒـﻥ‬
‫ﺼﹶ‬
‫ِﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺒﺘِﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﻲ َﺃ ﹾﻜ ﹶﺜﺭ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻘﻀ‪‬ﺎ ِﺀ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎِﻟ ِﻜ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓِﻴﻬﺎ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻨ ِ‬
‫ل ﻋـﺎ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﻷﺠ‪‬ـ ُ‬
‫ﺤﺘﱠﻰ ﻭﺍﻓﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻩ ﺍ َ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺭ ٍﺓ ‪‬‬
‫‪٨٠٨‬ﻫـ )‪١٤٠٦‬ﻡ(‪.‬‬
‫ﻅ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻪ‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌ ﹶ‬
‫ﺨ ﹾﻠﺩ‪‬ﻭﻥ ِ‬
‫ﻥ ﻻﺒﻥ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻭﺠ‪‬ﻭﺏ‬
‫ﺞ ﺍﻟ ﹶﺘﱠﺎﺭِﻴ ِ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻨ ‪‬ﻬ ِ‬
‫ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻌﻘِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻷﺤ‪‬ـﺩ‪‬ﺍﺙِ‬
‫ﻕﺍَ‬
‫ﻋ ِﺘﻤ‪‬ﺎﺩِﻩ ﻋﻠـﻰ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻨﻁِـ ِ‬
‫ﺍ‪‬‬
‫ﺼ ِﻪ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﺨﻠِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻼﻗﹶﺎﺕِ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹾ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭ‪‬ﻗﺎ ِﺌ ِﻊ ﻭﺍﻟﻌ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﻏﹶﻠﺒ‪‬ـ ﹾ‬
‫ﺨﻁﹶﺎﺀِ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﱠﺘـﻲ ﹶ‬
‫ﻷﹾ‬
‫ﻷ ‪‬ﻭﻫ‪‬ﺎ ِﻡ ﻭﺍ َ‬
‫ﺍَ‬
‫ﺼﺩِﻴ ِﻘ ِﻪ "ِﻟﺴ‪‬ﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺠﹶﻠ ﹸﺔ ‪‬‬
‫ﺢ ﻭ ‪‬ﻤﺴ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺩِﻴ ِ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺨﻁِﻴﺏ"‪ .‬ﺃﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ‪‬ﻤﺠ‪‬ﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻴﻥ ﺒﻥ ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﺸﺭ‪‬ﺡ‪ ‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺭﺩ‪ ‬ﹶﺓ ﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ﻭﺼِـﻴ ِﺭﻱ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺜﹾﺭ ﻓﻘﺩ ﹶ‬
‫ﺼ ِﺭ ِﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﹶﻠ ‪‬ﻴ ِﻪ ﻓِﻲ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫ﻉ ﻫــﺫﺍ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔ ‪‬ﻴﹶﻠﺴ‪‬ــﻭ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺴ‪‬ــ ﹶﺘﻁﹶﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺱ‬
‫ﻲ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺭﺼ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩ ﻨﹶـﻭ‪‬ﺍﻤِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋ‪‬‬
‫ﺠ ِﺘﻤ‪‬ﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻻ ‪‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻼﻤ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫِﻲ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻭﻗِﻴـ ‪‬ﻊ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺭ‪‬ﺍﺴِـﻴ ِﻡ‬
‫ﻟِ ﹾﻠﻌ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﻥ ﻤِﺼـ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﺝ ﺴ‪‬ـ ﹾﻠﻁﹶﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺎﻡ ﻭﺨﹶـ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ َﺃﻓﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﺒﻥ ﺨﻠﺩﻭﻥ ﻤﻥ ﻗﹸـ ‪‬ﻭ ِﺓ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﻭﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺎﺒِﻌ ﹶﺔ ﻋﺸﺭ ﹶﺓ ﻤﻥ ﻋ‪‬ﻤـ ِﺭ ِﻩ‬
‫ﺽ‬
‫ﻅﻬ‪‬ﺭ‪ ‬ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻴﻤ‪‬ﻭﺭﹶﻟﻨﹾـﻙ ﻓـﻲ ﺃﺭ ِ‬
‫ﻭﹶ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺒﻊ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﻜﺜِﻴـﺭ‪‬ﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﹸﺭ َﺁﻥ‪ ‬ﺒﺎﻟ ِﻘﺭ‪‬ﺍﺀ‪‬ﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺼ ِﺭ ِﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍ ﱢﺘﺠ‪‬ﺎﻫ‪‬ﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺨﻁِﻴﺏ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭُﺃ ‪‬ﺭﺠ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺯ ﹰﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ِﻔ ﹾﻘ ِﻪ ﻻﺒﻥ ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ل ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﺩ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﻭ ِﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻤ‪‬ـﺭ‪‬ﺍﻥِ‪،‬‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﺼ‪‬ل" ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ِﻔ ﹾﻘ ِﻪ‬
‫ﺏ "ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨﺹ‪ ‬ﻜِﺘﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﹶﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺹ ﹸﻜلﱟ ﻤِﻨﻬﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺨﺼ‪‬ﺎ ِﺌ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﹶ‬
‫ﺠَ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴﺴ‪ ‬‬
‫ل ﺍﺒﻥ ‪‬ﺭﺸﹾﺩ‪،‬‬
‫ﺽ ‪‬ﺭﺴ‪‬ﺎ ِﺌ ِ‬
‫ﻟﻠﺭ‪‬ﺍﺯﻱ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ‪‬ﺭﻜﱠـ ‪‬ﺯ‬
‫ﺨﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻤﺴ‪‬ﺎﺭ‪‬ﻩ ﺍﻟﺘﱠـﺎﺭِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ‪‬ﻊ ﺭﺴـﺎﻟ ﹰﺔ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻨﻁِـﻕ‪،‬‬
‫‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼ ِﺒ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻅﺭ‪ ‬ﻩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﹶﺘ ْﺄﺜِﻴ ِﺭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﹶﻨ ﹶ‬
‫‪٩‬‬
‫ﻁ ِﺭ ‪‬ﺩ ِﺓ‬
‫ﺱ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﱠ‬
‫ﻁﻨﹸﻭﺍ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﻭ‪‬ﺍﻤِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﱠﺫﻴﻥ ﹶﻓ ِ‬
‫ﺕ ﻓِﻴﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺒﻌﺩ‬
‫ﺼﺒ‪‬ﺤ‪ ‬ﹾ‬
‫ﻷﻏﹶﺎﻨِﻲ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﱠﺘﻲ َﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍ َ‬
‫ﻥ ﺩﺍ ﹾﻨﻴ‪‬ﺎل ﺘﺤﻭ‪‬ل ﻋـﺎﻡ ‪٦٦٥‬ﻫــ‬
‫ﺍﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺦ‪.‬‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺭﻜﹶـ ِﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﱠـﺎﺭِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ َﺅ ﱢﺜﺭ‪‬ﺓِ ﻓـﻲ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ِﻡ‬
‫ﻑ ِﺒﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﻌﺒِ ‪‬ﻴﺔﹰ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘﻜﹶﺎﻤِﻠﺔﹰ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺭ ﹸ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻤ ﹰﺔ ﹶ‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﻗﺎﻋِـﺩ ﹰﺓ‬
‫ﺼﺒ‪‬ﺤ‪ ‬ﹾ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫِﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﱠﺘﻲ َﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﻴﺭﻭﻥ ﻤـﻥ ﻤ‪‬ـ َﺅ ‪‬ﺭﺨِﻲ‬
‫ﻭﻴﺫﻫ ‪‬‬
‫"ﺴِﻴﺭﺓ ﺒ‪‬ﻨﻲ ِﻫﻼﹶل"‪.‬‬
‫ﺼﺩ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺭﺓِ‪ ،‬ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻟﻠ ‪‬ﺩﻓﹶﺎﻉ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻴ ِ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ل ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ َﺅ ‪‬ﺭﺨِﻴﻥ‬
‫ﻭﻟﺫﻟﻙ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺩ ﻤﻥ َﺃﻭ‪‬ﺍ ِﺌ ِ‬
‫ﻷﻨﹶﺎﺸِـﻴ ِﺩ‬
‫ﻼِﻟ ‪‬ﻴﺔِ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﺎ َﺃ ﹾﺜﻤ‪‬ﺭ‪ ‬ﹾﺘ ‪‬ﻪ ﻤﻥ ﺍ َ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ِﻬ ﹶ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺕ ﺃ‪‬‬
‫ﻁ ‪‬ﺒﻘﹶﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻭﺃُﺩﺒﺎﺀ‪‬ﻫﺎ‪ .‬ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹾﺫﻜﹸ ‪‬ﺭ ﹸﻜ ﹸﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋ ﹾﻠ ِﻡ‬
‫ﻀ ‪‬ﻊ ِ‬
‫ﻲ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻨﱠﻪ ﻭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ِﻔ ﹾﻜ ِﺭ ﺍﻹ ﹾﻨﺴ‪‬ﺎ ِﻨ ‪‬‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ل ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺩ ﺫﻟـﻙ‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻘ ﱠ‬
‫ﺠ ِﺘﻤ‪‬ﺎﻉِ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﱠﺫﻱ ﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻻ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﻔﺔِ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺼﺒﺤﺕ ﻟﻪ ‪‬ﻤﻜﹶﺎ ﹶﻨﺘﹸـ ‪‬ﻪ‬
‫ﻋﻥ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔ ﹾﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻠﹸﻭ ِﻡ ﺍﻹ ﹾﻨﺴ‪‬ﺎ ِﻨ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺨﻠﹾـﺩ‪‬ﻭﻨﻲ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻤﻥ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻘﻭ‪‬ﻤﺎﺕِ ﺍﻟ ِﻔ ﹾﻜ ِﺭ ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺑﻦ ﺩﺍﻧ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺎﻝ‬
‫ﻑ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻋﺭِ ﹶ‬
‫ﻱ ﺍﻟﱠﺫﻱ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ِﺘ ‪‬ﻌﻤ‪‬ﺎ ِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻻ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼﻠِﻴ ِﺒ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﺭ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺦ ﺒﺎﺴﻡ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺎﺭِﻴ ِ‬
‫‪IBN DANIAL‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺩﺍﻨﻴﺎل ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫِﺭﺓ‪،‬‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫"‪١٣١١ – ١٢٤٨‬ﻡ"‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﻤ ِﺭﻩِ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﻭ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺎﺴﻌ ﹶﺔ ﻋﺸﺭ ﹶﺓ ﻤﻥ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬ﺭ "ﺸـﻤﺱ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِ‬
‫ل ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺩِﺭ‪‬ﺍﺴ ﹶﺔ‬
‫ﻥ ﺃﻨﻪ ﺃﻜﻤ َ‬
‫ﻅِ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻏﹶﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭَﺃ ﹾ‬
‫ﻲ"‪،‬‬
‫ﺼِﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻴﻥ ﻤﺤﻤﺩ ﺒﻥ ﺩﺍ ﹾﻨﻴ‪‬ﺎل ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺃﻨﱠﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻥ ﹶﺘَﺄ ﱠﺜﺭ‪ ‬ﺒﺎﻟﻨﱠﻅﺭﻴ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻠﱡﻐ ِﻭﻴ‪‬ـﺔ‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﺠﻴ‪‬ـﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻲ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﻭﺠ ﹶﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻐﹸﻭلِ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹸﺘﺼ‪‬ـ ﱢﻔ ِ‬
‫ﻻ ﺃﻨﱠﻪ َﺃ ‪‬ﺩﺭ‪‬ﻙ‪‬‬
‫ﺼ ِﺭﻩِ‪ ،‬ﺇ ﱠ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺎﺌِﻌ ِﺔ ﻓﻲ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﻭﺍﺀ‬
‫ﻅﺘِﻪِ ‪‬‬
‫ﻼﺤ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﺒ ﹶﺘﺠ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺒ ِﺘ ِﻪ ﻭ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶ‬
‫ﻋﻅﹶـ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﻲ ﻟﻪ َﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻹﻁﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋ ‪‬‬
‫َﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﻼﻤ‪‬ﺔِ‬
‫ﻷﻓﹾﺭﺍﺩِ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺴ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﻷ ﹶﺜﺭِ ﻓﻲ ﹸﻗ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺓ ﺍ َ‬
‫ﺍَ‬
‫ﺨﻠﹾـﺩ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﺒﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺴﱠﻠ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﺒﻥ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ِﻌﺒ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺓ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﻥ ّﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﻼﻏِﻴ‪‬ﻴﻥ ِﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟﺒ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺫﻫ‪‬ﺏ‪ ‬ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﻟﻬــﺎ ﻤــﻥ‬
‫ﺨَ‬
‫ﻼﻏﹶــ ﹶﺔ ﻻ ﻤ‪‬ــ ‪‬ﺩ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒ ﹶ‬
‫ﻲ ﻭﻤﻨﻬﺞ ﻋِﻠﻡ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺤﻭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘﻌ‪‬ﺒﻴ ِﺭ ﺍﻷﺩﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺠَ‬
‫ﻥ ﻭﺴ‪ ‬‬
‫ﻷﺩ‪‬ﺏِ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻠﺤ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻑ ﺒﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋ ﹶﺘﺭ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸﻭ‪‬ﺍ ِﻫ ‪‬ﺩ ﻤِﻥ ﻫـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺨﺘﹶﺎ ِﻡ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﺩﻤ‪‬ﺘِﻪِ ﹶ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ِ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤﻌ‪‬ـﻭﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺭﻭ‪‬ﺍﻴ‪‬ـﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﱠـﺫﻴﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﱡﺼﻭﺹ ﻤﻥ ﺒِﻴﺌَﺎ ِﺘﻬ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺴـﺘﻐ ﱠ‬
‫ﻼﻟﱠﻴﺔ ﻭﻗﺒﺎﺌِل "ﺭﻴـﺎﺡ"؛ ﻓﹶـَﺄ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ِﻬ ﹶ‬
‫ﻋﺠ‪‬ﺎﺒ‪‬ﻪ‬
‫ﻑﺇ‪‬‬
‫ﺨ ِ‬
‫ﻨﹶﻤﺎﺫِﺝ‪ ‬ﻤﻥ َﺃ ‪‬ﺩ ِﺒﻬِﻡ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻡ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ـﺩﻤﺎ‬
‫ـﺔ ﻋﻨـ‬
‫ﺼـ‬
‫ﻷﺩ‪‬ﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒﺨﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺫﺍ ﺍ َ‬
‫ﺒﻬـ‬
‫ﺙ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻐﹶـ ‪‬ﺯ ‪‬ﻭ ِﺓ‬
‫ﺤﺩِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻁ ِﺭ ‪‬ﺩ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹾ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﺤ ِﺒ ِﻪ‬
‫ﻉ ِﺒﺼ‪‬ﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻨ ِﺯ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺠ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻷﺩ‪‬ﺏ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍَ‬
‫ﺤﻴ‪‬ـﺎﺓِ‪،‬‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟ ِﻔﺭ‪‬ﺍ ِﺭ ﻤـﻥ ﹶﺘﺒِﻌ‪‬ـﺎﺕِ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺍ ﹾﻨﺘِﻘﹶﺎﻟِـﻪِ‬
‫ﻋِ‬
‫ﻥ ﺩﺍﻨﻴﺎل ‪‬‬
‫ﺙ ﺍﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻴ‪ ‬ﹶﺘﺤ‪ ‬ﺩ ﹸ‬
‫ﺕ ﺒﺎﻟ ﹸﻔ ‪‬ﺭﺠ‪‬ـ ِﺔ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺯﺠِﻴ‪‬ﺔِ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻭﻗﹾـ ِ‬
‫ل‪:‬‬
‫ل ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫِﺭﺓ ﻓﻴﻘﻭ ُ‬
‫ﺼِ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻼﺀِ‬
‫ﺱ ﻤـﻊ ﺍﻻﺴ‪‬ـﺘِ ‪‬ﻌ ﹶ‬
‫ﺙ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺤﺩ‪‬ﺍ ِ‬
‫ﻷ‪‬‬
‫ﺍَ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﹸﻜلﱢ ﺸﹶﻲﺀ ﺒﺎﻟﺴ‪‬ﺨ ِﺭ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ ﻭﺍﻟ ﹸﻔﻜﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻫ ِﺔ‬
‫ل ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﺕ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻭﺼِـ ِ‬
‫"ﹶﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻗ ِﺩ ‪‬ﻤ ﹸ‬
‫ﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻨ ‪‬ﺩ ِﺭ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺠ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻥ )ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻭﺼِل(‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ‪‬ﻭِﻟ ‪‬ﺩ ﺒُﺄﻡ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺒﻴ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﻅ ﺍﻟﻘﹸـﺭﺁ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﺎ ‪‬ﻡ ‪ ٦٤٦‬ﻫﺠﺭﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺤ‪‬ﻔِ ﹶ‬
‫ل ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺤ ﹶﺘﻤ‪‬ـ ِ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ‪‬ﻤﻜﹶﺎ ِﺘ ِﺒﻬ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ـﻲ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻭﻟـ‬
‫ـﺭ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ ﻓـ‬
‫ﺼـ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ـﺩ‪‬ﻴﺎ ِﺭ ﺍﻟ ِﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﺤ ِ‬
‫ﷲ ﻤـﻥ ﺴ‪‬ـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴﻘﹶﻰ ﺍ ُ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻅﱠﺎ ِﻫ ِﺭﻴ‪‬ﺔ؛ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﺏ ﻤﺸـﺎ ِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹾﻨﻌ‪‬ﺎﻡ ﻋﻬﺩ‪‬ﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻋﺫ ‪‬‬
‫ﺱ‬
‫ﻷﻨﹾـ ِ‬
‫ﻥﺍُ‬
‫ﻁ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﻤ‪‬ـﻭ‪‬ﺍ ِ‬
‫ِﻭ ‪‬ﺭﺩِﻫﺎ؛ ﹶﻓﻭ‪‬ﺠ‪ ‬ﺩ ﹸ‬
‫ﻼﻋ‪‬ـ ِﺔ‬
‫ﺨﹶ‬
‫ﺴﺔﹰ‪ ،‬ﻭَﺃﺭ‪‬ﺒﺎﺏ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻬ ِﻭ ﻭﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﺩﺍ ِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﻗﺩ ﺘﺩﺭ‪‬ﺏ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﻟﻁﱢـﺏ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﻴﻜﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴﺘﹶﺎﻨﹶﺎﺘِﻬ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺸﹶـ ِﻬ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ِﻜﺤ‪‬ﺎﻟﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺒِﻴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺭِ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﺴﺘﻴﻼ ‪‬ﺀ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘﺘﹶﺎﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪‬ﺒﻐﹾـﺩ‪‬ﺍﺩ ﻋـﺎ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ل ﻭﻫـﻡ‬
‫‪٦٥٦‬ﻫـ‪ ،‬ﻭﺭﺃﻯ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻐﹸـﻭ َ‬
‫ل ﻋﺎ ‪‬ﻡ ‪٦٦٠‬ﻫـ‪،‬‬
‫ﺠﺘﹶﺎﺤ‪‬ﻭﻥ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻤ‪ ‬ﻭﺼِ َ‬
‫ﻴ‪ ‬‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬ﺭﺒ‪‬ـﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ‪‬ﻤﻌ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻤ‪‬ﻬـﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﻭﻀ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺎ‬
‫ﻥ ﻋ‪‬ﻠﻤﺎﺀ‪‬ﻫـ‬
‫ﺸـ ‪‬ﺭﺩ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﻌﺎﻫِـﺩﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﺵ ﺁﻴﺴ‪‬ﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻏﻴﺭ ﺁ ِﻨﺴ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﹶﻟ ﱠﺫﺓِ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺵ‬
‫ـ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﻥ ﺠ‪‬ـ‬
‫ـ ﹾﻠﻁﹶﺎ ِ‬
‫ـ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـ‬
‫ـ ‪‬ﺯ ‪‬ﻡ َﺃﻤ‪‬ـ‬
‫ﻭﻫ‪‬ـ‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﻴﻁﹶﺎﻥِ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻭﻟﱠﻰ ﺍﻟﺨـﻭﺍﻥ ﻭﺍﻟـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻋﻘﹶﺎﺏ‬
‫ﺼ ٍﺔ َﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﻭﺒﺨﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﺘﹼﺼﺎﻟﹶﻪ ﺒﺎﻷﻋﺭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﻕ ﺒﺎﻟ ِﻜﺤ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶـﺔِ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻴ‪‬ﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺒﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭ َﺃ ‪‬ﺩ ﱠ‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﻌﺭ‪‬ﺍ ِﺌﻬ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺨﺭ‪‬ﺝ ﻋﻠـﻴﻬﻡ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻭﹸ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺨﻠﹾـﺩ‪‬ﻭﻥ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﺒﻥ ﹶ‬
‫ﻷﺩ‪‬ﺏِ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﻜﺎﺩ ﻴﻜﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍَ‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ل ﺒﻁِـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﺠﻤ ‪‬ﻊ ﺒـﻴﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻤ‪‬ـ ِ‬
‫ﺽ ُﺃ ‪‬ﺩﺒ‪‬ﺎ ِﺌﻬ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫ﻷ ‪‬ﺩﺏِ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺘﻘﹶﻰ ِﺒ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻌ ِ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍ َ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺞ‬
‫ل ﺒﻴﻥ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻨ ‪‬ﻬ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻋﺭﺍﺏِ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻜﺫﺍ ﹶﻓﺼ‪َ ‬‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻪ ﹶﻨﺯ‪‬ﺍﻋـ ﹰﺔ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻴ‪‬ﻭﻥِ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﹶﻨ ﹾﻔ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁ ‪‬‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺨﻤ‪‬ﻭﺭِ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﺤ‪‬ـﺭ‪‬ﺍﻕ‬
‫ﺤﺭ‪‬ﺍﻕ ﺍﻟ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ ﺇ ‪‬‬
‫ﻉ‬
‫ﺤﺸِﻴﺵ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺒﺩِﻴﺩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺯ‪‬ﻭﺭ‪ ...‬ﻭﺸﹶﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﺫﻟﻙ ﺍﻹﺨﺒـﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ﻭﻭﻗـﻊ ﺍﻹﻨﻜـﺎﺭ‪،‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺩ‬
‫ﻋِ‬
‫ل ‪‬‬
‫ﺴﻁﹸﻭ ُ‬
‫ﺨ ﹶﺘﻔﹶﻰ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍ ﹾ‬
‫‪١٠‬‬
‫ﺍﺒﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺯﺭ‪‬ﻭﻨﻲ ﻭﻓﻲ ﺭﻗﺒﺘﻪ ﹶﻨﺒ‪‬ﺎ ِﺫﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻔﺘﹸـﻭﺡِ‪،‬‬
‫ل ﺒﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ِﻜﺤ‪‬ﺎﹶﻟﺔِ ‪‬ﺩﻜﱠﺎﻨﹰﺎ ﺩﺍﺨِ َ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ـﻲ ﹶﻗ ـﻭ‪‬ﺍﻨِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺹ ﻓـ‬
‫ـﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺘ ـ ‪‬ﺭﺨﱠ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻜـ‬
‫ﺤﱢﻠﻪِ‪،‬‬
‫ﺽ ﺃﺼﺩِﻗﺎﺌِﻲ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﹶﻓﺩ‪‬ﻋ‪‬ﺎﻨِﻲ ﺒﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﻑ ﻋـﻥ‬
‫ﺸ ﹶ‬
‫ل ﻓﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﹶﻜ ﹶ‬
‫ﺤُ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻜ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸ ِﺘﻘﹶﺎﻕِ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺘﺤﺭ‪‬ﺭ ﺇﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻑ ﻭﺍﻻ ﹾ‬
‫ﺼﺭِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺫ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﻋﻴ‪‬ﺎِﻟ ِﻪ ﻭَﺃ ‪‬ﻫِﻠﻪِ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭَﺃ ﹾﻨ ‪‬ﺯﹶﻟﻨِﻲ ﻤﻥ ِ‬
‫ﻋﺒِﻬﺎ ﻭ ِﻗﱠﻠ ِﺔ ﻤﺎ ﹸﺘ ِﺩﺭ‪‬ﻩ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺒِ ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﻭﻟِﻪِ‪:‬‬
‫‪‬ﻤﺘﹶﺎ ِ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﻋ ِﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺤ ِﻭ ﻭُﺃﺼ‪‬ـﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺩ ﻤﺎ ﻤﻥ ﹶﻗﻭ‪‬ﺍ ِ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺨﻼﹶﻋﺔ ﻏﺎﻴﺔ ﺍﻷ ِﺫﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺼﻠﺏ‬
‫ﺁﺫﹶﻯ ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹾﺫ ﹶﻜ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻷَﺨﺒﺎ ‪‬ﺭ َﺃﻨﱠ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﺘﱠﺨ ﹶﺫ ﻟِﻤ ‪‬ﻬﻨﹶـ ِﺔ‬
‫ﻅﻴ‪‬ـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌ ﹶﻨ ِﻭﻴ‪‬ـﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻑ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻔ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺯﺨﹶﺎ ِﺭ ِ‬
‫ﻥ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻘﺼِﻴ ِﺭ ِﻩ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻹ ﹾﻜﺭ‪‬ﺍﻡِ‪ ،‬ﺇﺫ ﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﻋ‪‬‬
‫ﻲ ‪‬‬
‫ﺇﻟ ‪‬‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺒ ‪‬ﻤﺭ‪‬ﺍ ٍﻡ"‪.‬‬
‫ﻴﺄ ِ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﺒـﻥ‬
‫لﺃ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟ ِﻔﻘﹾـﺭﺓ ﺘﹸﺴـﺠ‪ُ ‬‬
‫ﺤ ٍﺔ َﺃﺩ‪‬ﺒِﻴ‪‬ـﺔٍ‪،‬‬
‫ﺏ ﹶﻗﺭِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺩﺍﻨﻴﺎل ﻜﺎﻥ ﺼﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻏ ِﻪ‬
‫ﻟﹶﻌﻠﱠﻬﺎ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ َﺃ ‪‬ﻭﻀ‪‬ﺢ‪ ‬ﻓﻴﻪ ﻤﻥ ﹸﻨﺒ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻕ‬
‫ﺤﻘِﻴـ ِ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻪ ﻓﻲ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺫﻟﻙ َﺃﻨﱠﻪ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻗﺩ ِﺍ ﱠﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﻨِﻴﻥ‪،‬‬
‫ﻷ ‪‬ﺩﺒ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻤﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺫﺍﺘِﻪ ﺍﻷﺩﺒ‪‬ﻴﺔ ﺍ ﱢﺘﺠ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻩ ﺍ ُ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺼﺭِﻩ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺎﺒِﻕ ِﺒﻔﹶـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻑ ﻋﻥ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻜ ِ‬
‫ﻅلﱢ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﺎ ﻴﻨﺒﻐﻲ ﻟـﻪ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟ ﱢ‬
‫ﺨﻴ‪‬ﺎ ِ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺤﺭ‪‬ﻓﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺄﻟِﻴﻑ ﻭﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ﺭ‪ ‬ﹶﻜﺔِ ﻗﺒـل‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻘ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫِﺭﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﻤﺎ ﺤﺎل ﻤﻥ ﺩِﺭﻫﻡ ﺇﻨﻔﺎﻗﻪ‬
‫ل ﺍﺒﻥ ﺩﺍﻨﻴﺎل ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ـﻭﺭ ﹶﺓ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ َﺃ ﹾﻜﻤ‪َ ‬‬
‫ﻼﺴِﻲ‬
‫ﻀ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻌﺘِﻲ ﻓﻴﻬﻡ ﻭﺇ ﹾﻓ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺼ ﹾﻘلِ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻨﻪ ﻟﻡ ﻴ‪‬ﺸ ﹶﻐ ْ‬
‫ﻙ" ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﻜِﻴ ِ‬
‫"ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﻴﻥِ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎﺱ‬
‫ﻴﺄﺨﺫﹸﻩ ﻤﻥ َﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺨ ِﺭ ﺒﻘﺩﺭ ﻤـﺎ ﺸﹸـﻐِ َ‬
‫ﺢ ﻭﺍﻟ ﹶﻔ ﹾ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺩِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺒﺩ‪‬ﻭ ﺃﻨﻪ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻓﻲ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺒﺩ‪‬ﺃ ﺍﻷﻤـ ِﺭ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻌ ﹶﻔ ﹾﺘ ‪‬ﻪ ﹸﻗ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﺭ ﹲﺓ‬
‫ﺼﻑِ‪ ،‬ﻭَﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟ ِﻬﺠ‪‬ﺎ ِﺀ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺱ‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﻌﺎﻨِﻲ ﹶﻗ ‪‬ﺩﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻜﺴ‪‬ـﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍ ﹾﻨ ‪‬ﻌﻜﹶـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁﻭِﻴـﻊِ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ـﻴﺎﻏﺔ‬
‫ﺒﺎﺭِﻋ ﹲﺔ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﹶﺘ ﹾ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﹶﻨ ﹾﻔﺴِﻪِ ﻭ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻌﺒِﻴﺭﻩِ‪ ،‬ﺜـﻡ َﺃﺼ‪‬ـﺎﺏ‪‬‬
‫ﻼﻋ‪ ‬ﹶﺔ‬
‫ﺨﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫِﺭﺓ ﺒ ﹶﻘﺼِﻴ ‪‬ﺩ ٍﺓ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺭﺜِﻲ ﺒﻬﺎ ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﻥ ﻓـﻲ ﺇ ‪‬ﺒﻠِـﻴﺱ‪،‬‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺠ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺠ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻀ ‪‬ﻤﻨﹶﻬﻤﺎ ﺃﻴﻀﹰﺎ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻤﺜِﻴِﻠ ‪‬ﻴﺘﹶﻪ ﻭﻗﺩ ﺠـﺎ ‪‬ﺀ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺱ‬
‫ﺨﻨﹶﺎ ﺇ ‪‬ﺒﻠِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﻴ ﹸ‬
‫ﺕ ﻴﺎ ﻗﹶﻭ ‪‬ﻡ ﹶ‬
‫ﻤﺎ ﹶ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﺤﺩ‪‬ﺴﻲ ﺒﻪ ﺇﺫ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻭ ﱢﻓ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﻨﻌ‪‬ﺎﻨِﻲ ‪‬‬
‫ﺱ‬
‫ﻼ ِﻤ ﹾﻨ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ْﺄﻨﹸﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨﹶ‬
‫ﻭﹶ‬
‫ﺱ‬
‫ﺤﺩ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﻤﺭِﻱ ‪‬ﻤﻤ‪‬ﺎﺘﹸﻪ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺱ‬
‫ﻟﹶﻡ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﻐﻴ‪‬ﺭ ﻷﻤﺭِﻩ ﻨﺎﻤ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻤﻌ‪‬ـﺎﻥ ﻓـﻲ ﺇﺜﹶـﺎﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺨﻔﱡﻭﺍ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﺴ‪‬ـ ﹶﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺤﻜﱠﺎ ِﻡ ﻭﺍﻟ ﹸﻜ ‪‬ﺒﺭ‪‬ﺍ ِﺀ ﺍﻟﱠـﺫﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻀﺤ‪‬ﺎﻙ ﺒﺎﻟﺭ‪‬ﺴ ِﻡ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻬﺯ‪‬ﻟﻲ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻹ ‪‬‬
‫ﻅﻠﱠﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒ‪‬ﻭﺍ ِﻟ ﹸﻔﻜﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻫ ِﺘﻪِ؛ ﻓﻘﺩ ﹶﺫ ﹶﻜﺭ‪‬‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﻋ ِﺔ ﺍﻟﺨﹶﺎﻁِﺭ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﺸ ﹸﺘ ِﻬ ‪‬ﺭ ﺒﻪ ﻤﻥ ‪‬‬
‫ﻲ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎﺩِﺭﺓ‪:‬‬
‫ﻁ‪‬‬
‫ﺴﻴ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻕ‪.‬‬
‫ﻅﹶﻠﺔِ ﻭﺍﻟ ﱠﺘﺤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻤ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ِﺔ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻌ‪‬ﺎ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻘﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﺒـﻥ‬
‫ﺨﻠِﻴـ َ‬
‫ﻑ ﹶ‬
‫ﺸﺭ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﻷﹾ‬
‫ﻙﺍَ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤِﻠ ‪‬‬
‫"ﺇ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺍﺠﺢ ﺃﻥ ﺸﹸﻬﺭ‪ ‬ﹶﺓ ﺍﺒﻥ ﺩﺍﻨﻴـﺎل‬
‫ﻼﻭ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﺃَﻫﺩ‪‬ﺍﻩ ﻓﺭﺴ‪‬ـﺎ ِﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﹶﻜﺒ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻪ ﺇﺫﺍ‬
‫ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﻤﺔِ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟـﻡ ‪‬ﻴﻜﹸـ ِ‬
‫ﺼ ِﻌ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻠﻌ‪ ‬ﹶﺔ ِﻟ ﹾﻠ ﹶ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺴﺨﹶﺭ ﻗﺩ‬
‫ﻼﻋ‪‬ﺔ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺠ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨﹶ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﺱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﺎ ﻴ‪‬ﺭﻴ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﺒﻥ ﺩﺍﻨﻴـﺎل‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﹶﻓﺭ‪‬ﻜِﺏ‪ ‬ﺤِﻤـﺎﺭ‪‬ﺍ َﺃﻋ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭﺝ‪ ،‬ﻭﺼ‪‬ـ ِﻌ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫ﻙ ﺍﻷﺸـﺭ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻠ ‪‬ﻌﺔﹶ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻤﺎ ﺭﺁﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﻜِﻴﻡ‪ ...‬ﺃﻤﺎ‬
‫ل ﻟﻪ‪" :‬ﻴﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺩﻋ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻩ ﻭﻗﺎ َ‬
‫ﺍ‪‬‬
‫ﻙ ﻓﹶﺭﺴ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭ ﹶﻜﺒ‪‬ـﻪ؟" ﻓﻘـﺎل‪:‬‬
‫ﺃﻋﻁﻴﻨﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻏﻠﺒﺕ ﺘﺒﺭﻴﺯ‪‬ﻩ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻔﻨﹸﻭﻥ ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‪،‬‬
‫ﺠﻤ‪‬ـﻭﺍ‬
‫ﻭﻟﺫﻟﻙ ﺭﺃﻴﻨﹶﺎ ﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻟﻪ ﻭﺍ ‪‬ﺯﻨﹸﻭﺍ ﺒﻴﻨﻪ ﻭﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺠ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱡﻌﺭﺍﺀ ﻜﺎﺒﻥ ﺤﺠﺎﺝ ﻭﺃﺒﻲ ﻨﹸـﻭ‪‬ﺍﺱ‬
‫ﻁﺭ‪‬ﻓﹰـﺎ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫﻤﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺴـﺠ‪‬ﻠﻭﺍ ﹶ‬
‫ﺕ ﻋﻠﻴــﻪ‬
‫"ﻨﻌــﻡ‪ِ ...‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻌﺘﹸــ ‪‬ﻪ ﻭ ِﺯ ‪‬ﺩ ﹸ‬
‫ﺕ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺤِﻤﺎ ‪‬ﺭ‪ ."...‬ﹶﻓﻀ‪‬ﺤِﻙ‪‬‬
‫ﺸ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﺍ ﹾ‬
‫ﻏ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋﻁﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻩ ﹶ‬
‫ﻑ ﻭَﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺸﺭ ﹸ‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬ﺭ ﺒﺄَﻨﻪ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻡ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِ‬
‫‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﱠﺘ ِ‬
‫ـﺤﻰ‬
‫ﺼـ‬
‫ـﻴﻥ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻔ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁﻨﹶﻊ ﹸﻟ ﹶﻐ ـ ﹰﺔ ﺒـ‬
‫ﺼـ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻭﺭِﻴـ ﹶﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﺎﻤﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗـﺩ ﺍﺴـﺘﻐ ﱠ‬
‫ﻉ‬
‫ﺱ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻘﹶﺎﺒ‪‬ﹶﻠ ﹶﺔ ﻭﺴﺎ ِﺌ ‪‬ﺭ ﺃﻨـﻭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺠﻨﹶﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻼﻁِﻴﻥ ﻭﺍﻟـﻭﺯﺭﺍﺀ‬
‫ﺴﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻨﻭ‪‬ﺍ ِﺩﺭﻩ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻋﺎﻤ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎﺱ‪.‬‬
‫ﺨ ﹶﺘﻡ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ ﻋﻤ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﺒﻥ ﺩﺍﻨﻴﺎل ﺤﺘﻰ ﹶ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺕ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻴﺘﹰﺎ‬
‫ﻫﻭ ﻟﻡ ‪‬ﻴﻜﹸﻥ ﹶﻜﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﹸﻗ ﹾﻠ ﹸ‬
‫ل ﺒـﺒﻌﺽ‬
‫ﺤﻅ‪‬ﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺭﻭ‪‬ﺍﺝ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺘﱠﺼ َ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‪:‬‬
‫ﻟﻠ ‪‬ﻤﻌ‪‬ﺎﻨِﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻭﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭَﺃﻋ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻨ ‪‬ﻪ ﺫﻜـﺎﺀ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺭﺴﻤ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﻋﻨـﺩ ﹸﻗﺩ‪‬ﻭﻤِـ ِﻪ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ل ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻔ ﹶﺘﻘِـ ِﺭ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﻟﻁﺒﻴﻌ ِﺔ ﺍﻻ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺘﺠ‪‬ـﺎ ِ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺠﺎ ِﻨ ِ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻴ‪‬ﻭﻥِ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹸﺘ ﹾﺜ ِﺒ ﹸ‬
‫ﻁ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ِ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺭﻓِﺘﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻭﺭ‪‬ﻯ‬
‫ﻥ ِ‬
‫ﻋ‪‬‬
‫ﻴﺎ ﺴﺎ ِﺌﻠِﻲ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﻌﺭِﻩ ﺍﺴـﺘﺠﺎﺒ ﹰﺔ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺩ ﻓﻲ ِ‬
‫ﻅﻡِ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﻨ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹾ‬
‫ل ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟﻘـﺭﻥ ﺍﻟﺜـﺎﻤﻥ‬
‫ﻷ ‪‬ﻭ َ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ﹾﻘ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍ َ‬
‫ﻲ ﻋﺎ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﺸﻬ‪‬ﻭﺭ ﺃﻨﻪ ﺘﹸﻭ ﱢﻓ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻬﺠﺭﻱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾ‬
‫ﺽ‬
‫ﺕ ﺒﻌ ـ ‪‬‬
‫ــ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻥ ﹶﺫ ﹶﻜ ـ ‪‬ﺭ ﹾ‬
‫‪٧١١‬ﻫـ‬
‫ﻲ ﻓـﻲ ﻏﹸﻀـﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺼ‪‬ﺎﺩِﺭ ﺃﻨﻪ ﺘﹸﻭ ﱢﻓ ‪‬‬
‫‪١١‬‬
‫ﻋﺎﻡ ‪٧١٠‬ﻫـ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﻜـﺎﻥ ﺸـﺎﻋﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺳ‪‬ﻮﺩ‪‬ﻭﻥ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺴﺎﺨﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻭﻤﺅﱢﻟﻔﹰﺎ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻤﺜِﻴِﻠﻴ‪‬ﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻻ ﻴـﺯﺍ ُ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺝ‬
‫ﻼ ﻓـﻲ ﻨﻤـﺎ ِﺫ ‪‬‬
‫ﻲ ﻤـﺎ ِﺜ ﹰ‬
‫ﺃﺩﺒ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻤﺜِﻴِﻠ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘﻜﹶﺎ ِﻤﻠﹶﺔ ﺃﻭ ‪‬ﻤﺘﹶﻘﺎﺭِﺒﺔ ﻟﻠﺼ‪‬ﻭﺭ‪‬ﺓ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﺭﺴــﻤ‪‬ﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﹸﺴــﻤ‪‬ﻰ ﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ﺎﺒ‪‬ــﺎﺕ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻤﺜ ِﻴِﻠﻴ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺩﺍﻨﻴﺎِﻟﻴ‪‬ﺔ؛ ﻭﻫﻲ ﺃﺩﻨﻰ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻜﺘﹸﻭﺒﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓﻴﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺤﻴ‪‬ﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﻤﺎ ﻴ‪‬ﻌـﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻘـﺎﺭﺉ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻹﺸﺎﺭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺼﻭﺭ ﻭﺍﻟ ﱡﻨ ﹾﻘﻠﹶﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﺎ ﻴ‪‬ﺭﺸِـ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﺫﺍﺘِﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﻷﺩ‪‬ﺏِ ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺜﻴﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺹ ﺍَ‬
‫ﺨﺼ‪‬ﺎ ِﺌ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻥ ﹶ‬
‫ﻲ ﻜﻠﱠـﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﺒﻥ ﺩﺍﻨﻴﺎل ﺃﻨﻪ ﻓﹸﻜـﺎ ِﻫ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜــ ﹶﺔ‬
‫ﻴﺤــﺎﻭِل ﺃﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﺴــ ﹶﺘ ِﻐ ﱠ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻭﺭ ﹶﺓ ﻭﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﻐﹶﻡ ﻭﺍﻟ ﹶﻜِﻠ ‪‬ﻤﺔﹶ‪ ،‬ﺒﺤﻴـﺙ‬
‫ﺘﻔﺭ‪‬ﻍ ﺸِﺤﻨ ﹶﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﱡﻌﻭﺭ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺘﹶﻠﻘﱢـﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬ﻴِﻠﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻬﺫﺍ ﺍﻷﺩﺏ ﺒﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ ﹶﺘ ﹶ‬
‫‪IBN SUDUN‬‬
‫ل ﻤ‪‬ﺒﺎﺸﺭ ﹰﺓ‬
‫ﺇﻻ ﺃﺨﺒﺎﺭ ﻭ ِﺭﻭ‪‬ﺍﻴﺎﺕ ﹸﺘ ﹶﺘﻨﹶﺎ ﹶﻗ ُ‬
‫"‪١٤٦٢ – ١٤٠٧‬ﻡ"‪.‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺭ‪‬ﺍ ِﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ٍﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺁﺨﹶﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻡ ﻴ‪‬ﺴـﺠ‪‬ل‬
‫ﻲ ﺒﻥ ﺴﻭﺩﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻜﺴﻲ‬
‫ﻫﻭ ﻋ‪‬ﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ ﺇﻻ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺯ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻴﺴِـﻴﺭ‪ .‬ﻭ‪‬ﻴـﺫﻜﹸﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺸـــﻴﻐﺎﻭﻱ )ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺒﺸـــﻐﺎﻭﻱ(‬
‫ﺠﻤ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﻟﻪ ﺃﻨـﻪ ‪‬ﻭﻟِـ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫِﺭﻱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﹸﻨﻴﺘﻪ ﺃﺒﻭ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻭ‬
‫ﻅﺔِ ﻗِﻨﺎ ﺒﺎﻟﺼ‪‬ﻌﻴﺩ‬
‫ﺒﺈﺤﺩﻯ ﻗﹸﺭﻯ ﻤ‪‬ﺤﺎ ﹶﻓ ﹶ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ُﺃ ‪‬ﺩﺒ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺴﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﺠـﺭﻱ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻤﻥ ِﺩﻴ‪‬ـﺎ ِﺭ ﻤِﺼـ ‪‬ﺭ ﻋـﺎﻡ‬
‫ﻲ ﻋﺎ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﻓﻘﺩ ‪‬ﻭِﻟ ‪‬ﺩ ﻋﺎ ‪‬ﻡ ‪٨١٠‬ﻫـ ﻭﺘﹸﻭ ﱢﻓ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻨﱠـﻪ‬
‫‪١٧٨٠‬ﻡ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻘ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫‪٨٦٨‬ﻫـــ )‪١٤٠٧‬ﻡ – ‪١٤٦٣‬ﻡ(‪.‬‬
‫ﻥ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺭ ﺤﺘﱠﻰ ﻨـﺎ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﺯ ﺍﻟﺜﱠﻤـﺎﻨِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﺒﻥ ﺴ‪‬ﻭﺩ‪‬ﻭﻥ َﺃﺩِﻴﺏ ﹶﻓﻜِﻪ ‪‬ﻭِﻟ ‪‬ﺩ ﻭ ﹶﺘﻌ‪‬ﱠﻠﻡ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﺠِﻴـﺏ‬
‫ﻫﻲ‪" :‬ﺍﻷﻤﻴﺭ ﻭِﺼﺎل"‪ ،‬ﻭ" ‪‬‬
‫ﻏﺭِﻴـ‬
‫ﻭﹶ‬
‫ـﺎﺌﻊ‬
‫ﻀـ‬
‫ـﺏ"‪ ،‬ﻭ" ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘ ـﻴ‪‬ﻡ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺘﻴ‪‬ﻡ"‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ ﺒﺎﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﹸﻨﺸِﺭﺕ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺴﺘﹶﺸﺭِﻗﻴﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﱠﺭﻗﻴﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﻱ‪:‬‬
‫ﺴﺨﹶﺎ ِﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﺎﻹﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻼﱠﻤﺔ ﻭﻗﺎل ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫"ﺸﺎﺭ‪‬ﻙ ﻤ‪‬ﺸﺎﺭ‪‬ﻜ ﹰﺔ ﺠﻴ‪‬ﺩﺓ ﻓﻲ ﻓﹸﻨﻭﻥ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﻜ ‪‬ﺭ ﻤﻊ ِﺭﺠ‪‬ﺎِﻟ ِﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﺎﻓِﹶﻠﺔٍ ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﺒﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻐﺯ‪‬ﻭ‪‬ﺍﺕِ‪ ،‬ﻭَﺃ ‪‬ﻡ ﺒﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺴ‪‬ـﺎﺠِﺩ‪،‬‬
‫ﺕ ِﺒﻪِ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻨﱠﻪ ﺘﺄﻟﱠﻡ ﻟ ﹶﻔ ‪‬ﻌﹶﻠﺘِﻪِ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻐﹶﻠﺏ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘﻐﹶﺎ ﹶﺜ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍ‪‬‬
‫ﺞ ﻤِﺭﺍﺭ‪‬ﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭﺴﺎﻓﹶﺭ ﻓـﻲ ﺒﻌـﺽ‬
‫ﻭﺤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨﻴ‪‬ﺎل ﺍﻟﻅﱢل‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻨﻅﹸﺭ ﻤﺎﺩ‪‬ﺓ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﺝ ﻋ‪‬ــﺭ‪‬ﻭﺱٍ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻥ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔﺘﹶــﺎ ﹶﺓ‬
‫ﻫ‪‬ــ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁﺭِﻴﻘﺔﹰ‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﻌ ِﺭ ِﻩ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻜﻨﱠﻪ ﺴ‪‬ﹶﻠﻙ‪ ‬ﻓﻲ ﺃﻜﺜﺭ ِ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻬ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺯ ِ‬
‫ﻫﻲ ﻏﺎﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺠ‪‬ـﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺝ ﺃَﻤﺭ‪‬ﻩ ﻓِﻴﻬﺎ ﺠِـﺩ‪‬ﺍ‪،‬‬
‫ﻋﺔِ؛ ﹶﻓﺭ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﻼ‪‬‬
‫ﺨﹶ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ل ﺇﻟﻰ ﺩﻤﺸﻕ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺘﻌ‪‬ـﺎﻁﹶﻰ ﻓﻴﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﻭﺭ‪‬ﺤ‪َ ‬‬
‫ﻲ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‪ ...‬ﻟـﻪ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﻅﱢل( ﻭﺘﹸﻭ ﱢﻓ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨﻴ‪‬ﺎ َ‬
‫)* ﹶ‬
‫ﻜﺘﺏ ﻤﻨﻬﺎ " ﹸﻨ ‪‬ﺯ ‪‬ﻫ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟ ﱡﻨﻔﹸﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻙ‬
‫ﺤ‪‬‬
‫ﻀِ‬
‫ﺱ ﻭ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻅ ِﺭ ﻭ ﹸﻨ ‪‬ﺯﻫ‪‬ـ ﹸﺔ‬
‫ﺱ" ﻭ" ﹸﻗﺭ‪ ‬ﹸﺓ ﺍﻟﻨﱠـﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺒ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﹶﺎﻁِﺭ"؛ ﻭﻫﻭ ﻤ‪‬ﺨﻁﹸـﻭﻁ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﻁﺘﹶﺎﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﺨﻁﹸﻭ ﹶ‬
‫‪‬ﻤﻘﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻤﺘﹶﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻤﺜﻴﻠﻲ ﺃﻓﺭﺍﺩ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺸ ﹶﺘﻐِﻠِﻴﻥ ﺒﺘﻘﻭﻴﻡ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺮ‪‬ﻭﺱ‬
‫ﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺩﺏ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌ ِﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﻬﺫﻩ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻨ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ )"ﺍﺒﻥ ﻋﺭﻭﺱ"( ﻫﻭ ﺃﻨﱠﻪ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺏ "ﺍﺒﻥ ﻋﺭﻭﺱ"‪ .‬ﺒﻴ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩ َﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﹶﻟ ﹶﻘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺒﻬﺫﻩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺭﻭ‪‬ﺍﻴﺔ؛‬
‫ﺤ ﱢﻘﻘِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴﱢﻠﻤ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﻻ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻷﻥ ﺍﻟﻅﱠﻭﺍ ِﻫ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻌ ِﺒ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺔ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ ﻻ‬
‫ﻕ ﻟﺘﻌِﻠﻴﻠﻬﺎ ﻗِﺼـﺔ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﺒﺒ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﹸﺘﹶﻠﻔﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﻑ ‪‬‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺭ ﹸ‬
‫ﺨﻴ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺭﺒﻤﺎ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﺍﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﻲ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬
‫ﺨﻴ‪‬ﺎِﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺫﻟﻙ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻘﺼ‪‬ﺹ ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫‪IBN 'ARUS‬‬
‫"‪ – ١٧٨٠‬ﺣﻮﺍﱄ ‪١٨٦٠‬ﻡ"‬
‫ﻉ ﻟﺘﻔﺴﻴ ِﺭ ﺍﺴـﻡ ﺍﺒـﻥ ﻋـﺭﻭﺱ‬
‫ﺸﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﻟِ ﹶﻜﻠِﻤ‪‬ﺔِ "ﻋﺭﻭﺱ"‬
‫ﻓﺤﺴﺏ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺘﺄ ‪‬ﻤ ُ‬
‫ﺤﺴ‪‬ـﻲ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬
‫ﺼﻠِﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻠﱡﻐـﻭِﻱ ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻭَﺃ ‪‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺴ ِﺔ ﺍﺒﻥ ﺩﺍﻨﻴـﺎل ﻭﺃﺩﺒـﻪ‬
‫ﻲ ِﺒ ِﺩﺭ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋ ِﻨ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﻌِﻤـﺎﺩ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﹶﻨﻌ‪ ‬ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﺒـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸ ِﺘﻬ‪‬ﺎ ِﺭ ِﻩ‬
‫ﺙ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍ ﹾ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﺫ ﹶﻜ ‪‬ﺭ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻋِ ﹶ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺨﻁﹸﻭﻁﹶﺔ ﺒﺩﺍﺭ‬
‫ﻭﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﱡﺼﻭﺹ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﻤ ِﺭ ِﻩ‪.‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺙ ﺘﹶﻤﺜِﻴِﻠﻴ‪‬ـﺎﹶﺕ؛‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ﺒ‪‬ﻘﻴﺕ ﻟﻪ ﺜﻼ ﹸ‬
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‫ﻑ ﻋﻥ ﺤﻴﺎﺘِﻪ‬
‫ﺨﺭِﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﻴ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺭ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺘﹶﺄ ﱢ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﺝ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺩ‪‬ﻱ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻭﻗـ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺨ ِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫َﺃﺤ‪‬ــ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟﺸﱡــﻌﺭﺍ ِﺀ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ــﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟِﻴﻙ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺩ ِﻭﻴ‪‬ـﺔﹸ؛ ‪‬ﻴﺠِـ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﺙ ِﺒ ِﻪ ﺍﻟﺒِﻴﺌﺎ ﹸ‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﺒ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻌﻨِـﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﹸـ ‪‬ﻭ ﹶﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﻠﱠـﺩ‪‬ﺩ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﻁﻠﹶــ ِ‬
‫ﺨﺼ‪‬ــﻭ ‪‬ﻤ ِﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ــ ‪‬ﺭﺏِ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹸ‬
‫ﻲ ﺃَﻗـ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﺴ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ﺭﻴ ِﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌﻨﹶﻰ ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫‪١٢‬‬
‫ﺢ ﻫـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺼ‪‬‬
‫ﺝ ﻭﻤﺭﺤﻠﺘﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺯﻭ‪‬ﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺼﻴﺘِﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ل ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻟﺸﹸﻬﺭﺘﻪ ﻭﺒ‪‬ﻌﺩ ِ‬
‫ﹸﻨﺤِ َ‬
‫ﺇﻻ ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﺒ‪‬ﹶﻠ ﹶﻎ ﺍﻟﺴﺒﻌﻴﻥ ﻤﻥ ﻋ‪‬ﻤﺭِﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﺢ ﻴﻜﻭﻥ ﻤﻌﻨﻰ "ﺍﺒﻥ ﻋﺭﻭﺱ"‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭﺠِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸﻬ‪‬ﺭ ﻤﺎ ﹸﻨﺴِﺏ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‪:‬‬
‫ﻭﻤﻥ َﺃ ﹾ‬
‫ﺴﺭِﻩِ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺨﻠﹸﻭ ﺃﺸﻌﺎﺭ‪‬ﻩ ﻤﻥ ﹶﺘﺤ‪ ‬‬
‫ﻭﻻ ﹶﺘ ﹾ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺴ ِﻡ‬
‫ﻁ ﻜﻠﻤﺔ "ﻋﺭﻭﺱ" ﺒ ‪‬ﻤﺭ‪‬ﺍ ِ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﺭﺘﺒﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺏ ﺇﻟﻴـﻪ ﻗـﺩ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺃﻥ ﺒﻌﺽ ﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺤﻴ‪‬ﺎ ِﺓ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻬ ِﻭ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺠ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻡ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻘِﻠ ‪‬ﻊ ﻋﻥ ‪‬‬
‫ﻱ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺤﺎﺭِﺏ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴ‪‬ـ ْﺅ ِﺜ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔﺘﹶﻰ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻘ ِﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ﹾﻜﻨﹶﻰ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻨﹶﺎﺯِل ﺍﻵ ِﻫﻠﹶﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﺭ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﻴ‪‬ﺎ ِﺘ ِﻪ‪.‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺼﻴ‪ ‬ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻪ ﻭ ﹶﻓ ﹾﻠﺴ‪‬ـ ﹶﻔ ﹶﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻭ ﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﻔﺴ‪‬ﺭ ﺸﹶﺨ ِ‬
‫ﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻷﺨﺒﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﺍﻴﺎ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﺘﹶﺫﻫ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﺒﻥ ﻋﺭﻭﺱ ﻤ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ ﺒﻤـﺭﺤﻠﺘﻴﻥ‬
‫َﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﻤ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﹶﻗﻠﱢﺏ ﹸﻜﻔﹸﻭﻓﻙ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠـــﺒﺱ ﻭﻏﻴـــﺭ ﺫﻟـــﻙ‪،‬‬
‫ﻻﺒﺩ ﻤﻥ ﻴﻭﻡ ﻤ‪‬ﻌﻠﹸﻭﻡ‬
‫ﺢ ﻴﻤﺩﺡ ﺒﻬﺎ ﻤﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻤﺩ‪‬ﻭﻨﻪ‬
‫ﺃﻭ ﻤﻥ ‪‬ﻤﺩ‪‬ﺍ ِﺌ ‪‬‬
‫ﻅﻠﹸﻭﻡ‬
‫ﺃَﺒﻴﺽ ﻋﻠﻰ ﹸﻜلﱢ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾ‬
‫ﺒﻬﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻀ‪‬ﺭﻭﺭﺍﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻻ ﻓﻲ ﻏﻴﺭﻩ ﻤ‪‬ﻭﺍﺴِﻲ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻡ ﻴﺼل ﺇﻟﻴﻨﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺃﻏﺎﻨﻲ ﺍﺒـﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺼ‪‬ﺒﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻜل ﻗﺎﺴِﻲ‬
‫ﻗﹸﺯﻤﺎﻥ ﺇﻻ ﻨﺤ ‪‬ﻭ ﺜﻼﺜﺔ ﺃﺭﺒﺎﻋﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺩ‬
‫ﺘﺭ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺩ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻅﹶﺎﻟِﻡ‬
‫ﺸﻌ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ﺒﺎﻟﻠﱠﻬﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻷﹾ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍَ‬
‫ﻅ ‪‬ﻤ ِ‬
‫ﹸﻨ ِ‬
‫ﺃﺴﻭﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻜل ﻅﺎﻟِﻡ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺘﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺍﻷﻭﻟـﻰ ﺍﻤﺘـﺩﺍﺩ‪‬ﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺒﺭ ﺒﺎﻟﺼ‪‬ﺒﺭ‬
‫ِﻗﱠﻠ ِﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺎل ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻭﻉ ﻭﺍﻟﺒـﺭﺩ ﻭ ِﻗﻠﱠـﺔ‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﻌﹶﻠ ﹶﻜﺔِ؛ ﻭﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺭﺤﻠﹶـﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻠ ﹸﻔ ﹸﺘﻭ‪ِ ‬ﺓ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺍ ِﺭﺠ‪‬ــﺔ ﻟﻸﻨــﺩﻟﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻥ ﻜــﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺙ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺒ‪‬ﻌﺭ ِ‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﺒ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﹶﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﻑ ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﺸﹶـﺎﺌِﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﺑﻦ‪ ‬ﻗﹸﺰ‪‬ﻣ‪‬ﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﻀ ـ ِﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺎﻨﻭ ِ‬
‫ـﻥ ﺍﻟﻘـ‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﻨ ﹶﻔ ـ ‪‬ﺭ ﻤـ‬
‫ﺤﻜﱠﺎ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻔﺭ‪‬ﻭﻀِﻴﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺨ ﹶﺘﺼ‪‬ﻡ‪ ‬ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﺫﻭِﻱ ﺍﻟﻨﱡﻔﻭﺱ ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ـﺭ‪‬ﺓ‪ .‬ﺃﻤ‪‬ـﺎ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺏ ﻋﻥ ﺘﻠﻙ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺭﺤﻠﹶﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﱠﺎﻨﻴﺔ؛ ﻓﻘﺩ ﺘﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻴﺭ‪‬ﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﻨﺩِﻡ‪ ‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭﻁﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻪ ﻓﻴﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﺒ‪‬ﺎﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﺭ‪‬ﻴـ ِﺔ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠُ‬
‫ﻭﺃﺼﺒﺢ ﺍﻟﺭ‪ ‬‬
‫ﻼﺓِ‪.‬‬
‫ﺤﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﹶـ ﹶ‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺒﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﺯﺍ ِﻫﺩ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻤﻥ ﻫﻨﺎ ﹶﻜﺜﹸـ ‪‬ﺭ ﻓـﻲ ﻤ‪‬ﻨﻅﹸﻭﻤﺎﺘـﻪ‬
‫ﺕ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ ﹶﻨﺒ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ ﹸﺓ‬
‫ﻏﹶﻠﺒ‪ ‬ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺠﺭِﺒﺔ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﹶ‬
‫ﺸ ﹾﻜﻭ‪‬ﻯ ﺍﻟﺯ‪‬ﻤﺎﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻹﻁـﺎﺭ‬
‫ﻷﺴ‪‬ﻰ ﻭ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍَ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻘﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟِﺏ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻌﺭ‪‬ﻭﻓﹶﺔ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ـﻌِﻴﺩ‬
‫ﺴﻭ‪‬ﺍﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﺨﹸﺼﻭﺼ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻴﻑ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺭﺒ‪‬ﻊ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻪ ﻤ‪‬ﺨﻁﹸﻭﻁ ﺼ‪‬ـﻐِﻴﺭ ﻻ‬
‫ﻀﻡ‪ ‬ﻜ ﱠ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻙ‬
‫ل ﺩِﻴﻭ‪‬ﺍﻨِﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻴﺱ ﻤﻥ ﺸـ ‪‬‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﻲ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﺃﺒﻭ ﺒﻜﺭ ﺒﻥ ﻗﹸﺯﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻐ ِﺭ ِﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﻻ ِﺘ ِﻴ ِﻨ ‪‬ﻴ ﹰﺔ ﻭ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺒ ِﺭ ‪‬ﻴ ٍﺔ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘﺸِﺭ‪‬ﺓﹰ ﻫ‪‬ﻨﺎ‬
‫ﻜﻠﻤﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻁﺒِﻲ؛ ﻭﻫـﻭ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻐﻨﱢـﻲ ﹸﻗ ‪‬ﺭﻁﹸﺒـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹸﻘ ‪‬ﺭ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﻫ‪‬ﻨﺎﻙ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺘﺠﻭ‪‬ل ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻬﻭﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭِﻟ ‪‬ﺩ ﻤـﺎ ﺒـﻴﻥ‬
‫ﻋﺎﻤﻲ ‪ ١٠٧٨‬ﻭ ‪١٠٨٠‬ﻡ‪ .‬ﻭﻜـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻥ ﻜﺜﻴـﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻥ ﻗﹸﺯﻤﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻅﻡ‪ ‬ﺍﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﻨ ﹶ‬
‫ﺵ ﻤﻨـﺫ ﻋـﺎﻡ ‪ ١٠٩٥‬ﻋِﻴﺸـﺔ‬
‫‪‬ﻴﻌِﻴ ﹸ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺩ ٍﺩ ﻤِﻥ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺩ ِ‬
‫ﺠﻭ‪‬ل ﻓﻲ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻐﻨﱢﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁﻠِﻴﻘﺔﹰ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻨﺩﻟﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻌﻴﺵ ﺤﻴﺎ ﹰﺓ ﹶ‬
‫ﺤﻴ‪‬ـﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺍ ﱡﺘﻬِـ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﻜل ﹶﻗ ‪‬ﻴﺩٍ؛ ﺒل ﺤﻴﺎ ﹰﺓ ﺇﺒﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻭﺸﱠﺤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻭ ﺇﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻡ ﹶﻓ ‪‬‬
‫ﺁﺨﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﱢﻌﺭ ﻫﻭ "ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺯﺠ‪‬ل"‪ ،‬ﻟـﻡ‬
‫ﺸﻁﹸﻭﺭ‪‬ﺍﺕِ‪ ،‬ﺒـل‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺘ ِﺯ ‪‬ﻡ ﻓﻴﻪ ﹶﻗ ‪‬ﺩﺭ‪ ‬ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾ‬
‫ﻁﻊ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺩﺨل ﻓﻴﻪ ﺠﻤﻴـﻊ‬
‫ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺘﺯ‪‬ﻡ‪ ‬ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﺒﻌﺩ ﺃﻥ ﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺯ‪‬ﺠل ﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬
‫ﺞ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟ ‪‬ﺯ ﹾﻨﺩ‪‬ﻗﺔ ﻭ ﹸﻗﺒِﺽ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻡ ﻴﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹾﺘلِ ﺇﻻ ﺒﻔﻀل ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻀﻲ ﺴِﻴﺭ ﺍﺒﻥ‬
‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻭﻗـﻑ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺠﺎ ِﻨﺒِـﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ل ﻤﻥ ﺃﺸﻌﺎﺭِﻩ ﻋ‪‬ﻠﻰ ﺃﻨﹼﻪ ﻜﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘﺩِ ﱡ‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﻴﻌﻴﺵ ﻋﻴﺸﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﹼﻬﻭ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﺘﻌ‪‬ﺔ ﺇﺒـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻷ ‪‬ﻤﺭ‪‬ﺍ ِﺀ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺭﺍ ِﺒﻁِﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺜﱠﻼﺜﺔ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺤ‪‬ﻜﻡ ﺍ ُ‬
‫ﺭﻋﺎﻴﺔ ﺃﺴﺭﺓ ﺒﻨﻲ ﺤﻤﺩﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺜﺭﻴـﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺠﻠﹶﺔ ﻗﺼﻴﺭﺓ‬
‫ﻤﻀﻰ ﻤﻘﻁﻭﻋﺎﺕ ‪‬ﻤﺭ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﺭﺘﻔﻊ ﺒﻪ ﺍﺒﻥ ﻗﺯﻤﺎﻥ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﻤﺭﺘﺒـ ٍﺔ‬
‫ﺃﻋﻠﻰ؛ ﻓﺠﻌ‪‬ﻠﻪ ﻤﻨﻅﻭﻤـﺎﺕ ﻁﻭﻴﻠـﺔ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻍ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻤ‪‬ﻨﻅﹸﻭﻤ‪‬ﺎﺘِـﻪ ﻫـﻭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﺼﺎ ﹶ‬
‫‪IBN KUZMAN‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺃﺸـﻌﺎﺭ‪‬ﻩ ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﻌ ِﺭ‪ .‬ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘﻀ‪ ‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱢ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺹ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺨﹶﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺴـ ﹶﺘ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺘﺄﺨﱢﺭﺓ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺜ ُ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺼﺤ‪‬ﻰ ﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﹰﺎ ﻤ‪‬ﺭﺍﻋـﺎ ﹰﺓ ﻟِـ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺯ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹸﻔ ‪‬‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﻉ ﺍﻟـﺩ‪‬ﻨﻴﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺁﺜﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺯ ِﻫ ‪‬ﺩ ﻓﻲ ‪‬ﻤﺘﹶﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺼ ـﻴ‪ ‬ﹶﻎ‬
‫ﺨﺩ‪‬ﻡ‪ ‬ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ـ ﹶﺘ ﹾ‬
‫ـﺩ ﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺎﻋﺭ ﻗـ‬
‫ﺸـ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺸﺒ‪‬ﻪ‪ ‬ﺒﺎﻟﻘﺼﺎﺌﺩ‪.‬‬
‫َﺃ ﹾ‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫ﻭ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻌﺩ‪ ‬ﻗﺼﺎ ِﺌ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﺒﻥ ﻗﹸﺯﻤﺎﻥ ﻤﺜـﺎ ﹰ‬
‫ﻲ ﺍﻷﻨﺩﹸﻟﺴِﻲ‪ ،‬ﺍﺴﺘﻁﹶﺎﻉ‬
‫ﻟﻠﺸﱢﻌﺭ ﺍﻟ ِﻐﻨﹶﺎ ِﺌ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﺅ ﱢﺜ ‪‬ﺭ ﻓـﻲ ﺸِـ ‪‬ﻌ ِﺭ ﻤ‪‬ﻘﺎﻁﻌـﺔ‬
‫‪١٣‬‬
‫ﺒ‪‬ﺭﻭﭭﻨﺴﺎل ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻥ ﻴﺅﺜﱢﺭ ﻋـﻥ‬
‫ﺤﺭ‪‬ﻭﻕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﺘﺯﺍل ﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﻨﺜﹶﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁﺭﻴﻕ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺭ ﺍﻟﺒﺭﻭﭭﻨﺴﺎﻟﻲ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﻌ ِﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﻁ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﻜﺎﻨﺘﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ﱢ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺭ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺒﻲ‪.‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺃﺑﻮ ﺑ‪‬ﺮ‪‬ﺍﻗِﺶ‬
‫ﺍ ﹾﻨﻅﹸﺭ ﻤﺎﺩ‪‬ﺓ‪ :‬ﺯﺠ‪‬ل‪.‬‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺃﺑ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﻮﺱ‬
‫‪EBONY‬‬
‫ﺸ ﹶﺘﻘﱠﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻴ‪‬ﻭﻨﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻲ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾ‬
‫"ﺃﺒﻨﺱ"‪ ،‬ﻭﺩﺨﻠﺕ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤـﺔ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻵﺭﺍﻤﻴﺔ ﻓﺄﺼﺒﺤﺕ "ﺃﺒﻨﻭﺴﺎ"‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻨﺘﻘﻠﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﺴـﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻴﻁﺭﺃ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺘﻁﻭ‪‬ﺭ ﺇﻻ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻘﹸـﻭﺩ‬
‫‪FINCH‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺨﻴﺭﺓ ﻤﻥ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻘـﺭﻥ؛ ﻓﺠﻌـل‬
‫ﺨﺭ‪‬ﺍﻓِـﻲ‪ ‬ﻤﺜـل‬
‫ﻁﺎﺌِﺭ ﺼـﻐﻴﺭ ﹸ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺒﺩِﻋﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻌﺒِﻴﻴ‪‬ﻥ ‪‬ﺒﻴ‪‬ـ ﹶ‬
‫ﻲ ﺇﻨـﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﺼﻔﹸﻭﺭ‪ ،‬ﻴﻘﻭل ﺍﻟ ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﺯﻭِﻴﻨـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻷﺒ‪‬ﻭ ِﺫﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻤﺅﱠﻟﻔﹰﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺨﻤﺴﺔ ﺃَﺸـﻁﹸﺭ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍَ‬
‫ﺨﺼ‪‬ﺎ ِﺌﺼِﻪ ﺃﻨـﻪ‬
‫ﻕ‪ .‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﺸﺒﻪ ﺍﻟﱠﻠ ﹾﻘﹶﻠ ﹶ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺩ ٍﺓ ﻭﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔـﺔ‬
‫ﺃﺭﺒﻌﺔ ﻤﻨﻬﺎ ﺒﻘﺎ ِﻓ ‪‬ﻴ ٍﺔ ﻭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﻥ ﺭﻴﺸﻪ ﺩﺍﺌ ‪‬ﻤﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﻘﻭل ﺍﺒﻥ‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﻐﻴ‪‬ﺭ ﻟﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌﻨﹶﻰ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺘﻜـﻭﻥ ﺃﻭﺍﺌِـل‬
‫ﺨﹶﺎﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻭﻴ‪‬ﻪ ﺇﻥ ﻟﻭﻨﻪ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻟِﺏ ﻫـﻭ ﺒـﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻷَﺸﻁﹸﺭ ﻤ‪‬ﺭﺘﱠﺒﺔ ﻭﻓـﻕ ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ـﺭ‪‬ﻭﻑ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻭﺍﺩ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﻴ‪‬ﺎﺽ ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﺃﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺭﻴﺸﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻬِﺠﺎ ِﺌﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﻏ ‪‬ﺭ ﻭﺃﻭﺴﻁﻪ ﺃﺤﻤﺭ ﻭﺃﺴﻔﻠﻪ ﺃﺴﻭﺩ‪،‬‬
‫ﻁﻊِ‬
‫ﺼ ﹾﻨ ِﻊ ﻗِ ﹶ‬
‫ﺨ ِﺩ ‪‬ﻡ ﻫﻭ ﻭﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﺎﺝ ﻓﻲ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ﹸﺘ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍ‪‬‬
‫ﺸﺘﱠﻰ‪.‬‬
‫ﺵ ﺘﻐﻴ‪‬ﺭ ﻟﻭﻨﹸﻪ ﺃﻟﻭﺍﻨﹰﺎ ﹶ‬
‫ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﺍ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹶ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺴ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻌ ِﻤ َ‬
‫ﻁﺭ‪‬ﻨﺞ ﻭﺃﺤﺠﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱢ‬
‫ﺏ ﺒﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺜﹶل ِﻟﻺْﻨﺴﺎﻥ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬
‫ﻀ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﻌﺩ ﺫﻟﻙ ِﺒ ‪‬ﻤﻬ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ٍﺓ ﻓﺎﺌِﻘﺔ ﻓـﻲ ﺼ‪‬ـﻨ ِﻊ‬
‫ﺨﻠﹸﻕ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴ‪ ‬ﹶﺘ ﹶﻐ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺭ‪.‬‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻘﱠﻠﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺜﺎﺙ ﻭﺍﻷﺒـﻭﺍﺏ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺸﹾـ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺒﻴ‪‬ﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺩﺭ‪‬ﺍﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻲ ‪‬ﻤﺤﺘ ِﻔﻅﹰﺎ ﺒﺸﻜﻠﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱢﻌﺭ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒ ‪‬‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﱡﺭﻜﻴﺔ ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﱡﻠﻐﹶﺎﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ‬
‫ﺏ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ل ﻫـﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻀ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻅﱠ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ ﹶ‬
‫ﻷ ‪‬ﺒﻨﹸﻭﺱ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺼ‪‬ـ ﱠﻨﻔﹶﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﺫ ﹶﻜ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍ َ‬
‫ﻷﺒ‪‬ﻭ ِﺫﻴ‪‬ـﺔِ‪،‬‬
‫ﺽ ﺍَ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺘﱠﺴﻌﺕ ﺃﻏـﺭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﺘﺭﻜﻴﺯ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﻭﺨﺭﺠﺕ ﻋﻥ ﻤ‪‬ﺠﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻷﻟﹶــﻡِ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﹶــ ﹾﻜﻭ‪‬ﻯ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﹶــﺠ‪‬ﻥِ ﻭﺍ َ‬
‫ﺱ‬
‫ﺤﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﺍﻟ ِﻌﻘﹶﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﺼﺒﺤﺕ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘﻨﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻭ ُ‬
‫ل ﻭﺍﻟ ِﻬﺠ‪‬ـﺎ ‪‬ﺀ‬
‫ﺢ ﻭﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺜﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻭﺍﹶﻟ ﹶﻐﺯ‪َ ‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺩِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷَﺑ‪‬ﻮﺫِﻳ‪‬ﺔ ‪ABUDHIYYA‬‬
‫ﻷ ﹾﻟﻐﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺯ‪.‬‬
‫ﺕ ﻭﺍ َ‬
‫ﻼ ِ‬
‫ﺴﹶ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺭ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﻤﻥ ﻀ‪‬ـﺭ‪‬ﻭﺏ ﺍﻟﺸﱢـﻌ ِﺭ‬
‫ﻀ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼﻔﹶﺔ‬
‫ﺱ ﺒﻬﺫﻩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﹸﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋ‪‬ﺭ‪ ‬ﹶﻓ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺴﻊ ﺍﻟﻤـﻴﻼﺩﻱ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻤﻨﺫ ﺍﻟﻘﹶﺭ ِ‬
‫ﺏ ﺩﻴﺎﺴــﻘﹸﻭﺭِﻴﺩﺱ‬
‫ﺘﹶﺭﺠ‪‬ﻤــ ِﺔ ﹸﻜﺘﹶــ ِ‬
‫ﻗﺎﺒِﺽ ﻨﺎﻓِﻊ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟـ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺩﻕِ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫـﻭ‬
‫ﺸ ِﺒ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﺜﹸـﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﹸﻨﺘﹸﻭﺀﺍﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺘﺤِﻤ‪‬ﺔِ ﺘﹸ ﹾ‬
‫ﺞ ﺒِﻪ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ‪‬ﺯﻟﹶـ ﹸﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻴﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺀ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﹸﺘﻌ‪‬ﺎﹶﻟ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺘﻨﹶﺎﻭﻟﹸﻭﻨﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺸـﻜل ﻤﺴـﺤﻭﻕ‪،‬‬
‫ﻟﻤﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﻁﹾﻥ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ِﻌﺩ‪‬ﺓ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﻜـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻭ"ﺫﻴﺔ"؛ ﻭﻫﻲ ﺘﹶﺨﻔِﻴﻑ ﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ َﺃ ِﺫﻴ‪‬ـﺔ‬
‫ﻓﻴﻜﻭﻥ ﻤﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ ﺼﺎﺤِﺏ ﺍﻷﺫﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺤﺜِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻴ‪‬ــﺭ‪‬ﻯ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌﻅﹶــ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟﺒــﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻲ ﻤﻥ ﺇﺒﺩﺍﻋِﻪ ﻜـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻷﺼﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻐﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻅ ‪‬ﻡ ﻤﻥ َﺃﹶﻟﻡٍ‪،‬‬
‫ﺤﺴ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻟﻨﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻌﺒﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﻋﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻴ ِ‬
‫ِﺇ ﹾﺜ ‪‬ﺭ ﺤﺎﺩِﺙ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻟﻪ ﺃﺜﺭﻩ ﻓﻲ ﻨﻔﺴﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻷﺒ‪‬ﻭ ِﺫﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﺤ‪‬ـ ِﺭ ﺍﻟـﻭﺍﻓِﺭ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺍ َ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺩ ﻓﻴﻬـﺎ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﻭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻴﺘﺄﻟﱠﻑ ﺍﻟﺒﻴ ﹸ‬
‫ﺸﻁﹸﺭ‪ ،‬ﺜﻼﺜﺔ ﻤﻨﻬﺎ ‪‬ﻤ ﱠﺘﺤِـﺩﺓ‬
‫ﺃﺭﺒﻌﺔ َﺃ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻓِﻴﺔ ﻤ‪‬ﺨﺘﻠِﻔـﺔ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻌﻨﹶـﻰ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺨـﺘﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺕ ﺍﻷﺨﻴﺭ ﺒﻴﺎﺀ ﻤ‪‬ﺸﺩ‪‬ﺩﺓ ﻭﻫﺎﺀ‪.‬‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﺽ ﺒﺄﻨـﻪ‬
‫ﺃَﻁﻔﺎﻟﻬﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﺼﻔﻪ ﺍﻟـﺒﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﺨﻠﹸﻭﻕ ﻨِﺼﻔﹸﻪ ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ ﻜﺎﻹﻨﺴـﺎﻥ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻨِﺼﻔﹸﻪ ﺍﻷﺴﻔل ﻜﺎﻟﺤِﻤـﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﺨﺘﹶﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻴﺒـﺩﻭ‬
‫ﹶﺫﻨﹶﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﻓﺨﹾـﺫﹶﺍﻩ ‪‬ﻤﺴ‪‬ـﱠﻠ ﹶ‬
‫ﺢ‬
‫ﺠِ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺍ ِ‬
‫ﻷ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﻤ‪‬ﻪ ﺍ َ‬
‫ﻤِﻨﻬﻤﺎ ﹶﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﺃﺒﺎ ﺭِﺠل ﻤ‪‬ﺴﻠﹸﻭﺨﹶﺔ ﺒﻘﻴـﺔ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻅﻠﱠـﺕ‬
‫ﻋﺭِﻴﻘﹶـﺔٍ‪ ،‬ﹶ‬
‫ﺴﻁﹸﻭ ِﺭ ‪‬ﻴ ٍﺔ ‪‬‬
‫ﹶﻨ ‪‬ﺯﻋ‪‬ﺔٍ ُﺃ ‪‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺱ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺯ ِﻤﻨﹶﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻴ‪‬ﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﱠـﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﻜﻠﻤﺘﻴﻥ‪" :‬ﺃﺒـﻭ" ﺃﻱ ﺼـﺎﺤِﺏ‬
‫ﻷﻤ‪‬ﻬﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻑ ﺒﻪ ﺍ ُ‬
‫ﺨﻴ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﺴ ‪‬ﻡ ﻋِﻔﺭِﻴﺕ ﹸﺘ ِ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﻭﺠ‪‬ﺎﻟِﻴﻨﻭ‪‬ﺱ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﺅﺨﹶﺫ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃَﻨـﻪ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻨﻪ ﺩﻭﺍﺀ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻷَﺩﻭِﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗـﺩ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌ ِﺒﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴ‪‬ﻘﺎلُ ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﻤ‪‬ﺭﻜﱠﺒـﺔ ﺃﹶﺑ‪‬ﻮ ﺭِﺟ‪‬ﻞ ﻣ‪‬ﺴ‪‬ﻠﹸﻮﺧ‪‬ﺔ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﻭﺠ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺩ ﹰﺓ ﻓﻲ ﻜﹶﺜﻴﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌ ﹶﺘﻘﹶـﺩ‪‬ﺍﺕِ‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﻌ ِﺒ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ ‪‬ﻴﺘﹶـﺭﺩ‪‬ﺩ ِﺫﻜﹾـﺭ‪‬ﻩ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻲ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬
‫ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻘﺼ‪‬ـﺹ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻌ ِﺒ ‪‬‬
‫‪١٤‬‬
‫ل‪.‬‬
‫ﻁﻔﹶﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻷ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍَ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺩ‪‬ﺓ ﺒﻴﻥ ﻤﻨﺘﺼﻑ ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻨﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺒﻊ‬
‫ﻥ‪ ...‬ﻭﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺏ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻭ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻓﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﺎﻤﺱ ﺍﻟﻬِﺠـ ِﺭﻴ‪‬ﻴﻥ؛ ﺃﻱ ﺇﺒ‪‬ـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻏﻀِﺏ‪ ‬ﺍﻷﻤﻴـ ِﺭ ﺭﺯﻕ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﻟﻬﺎ‪ ...‬ﻭ ﹶ‬
‫ﻁ ِﻤﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻡ ﻴﻜﻥ ﺃﺒﻭ ﺯ‪‬ﻴﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻭﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﹶﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﻐﹸﻼ ‪‬ﻡ ﻭﻟـﺩﻩ‪،‬‬
‫ﺼﺩ‪‬ﻕ َﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻡ ﻴﻜﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﻋﻨﹾـ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ل ﺇﻟﻰ ‪‬ﻭﻅِﻴ ﹶﻔﺔٍ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺒ ِﻭﻴ‪‬ـ ٍﺔ ِ‬
‫ﹶﺘﺤ‪ ‬ﻭ َ‬
‫ﺼﻭ‪‬ﺭﺕ ﻭﻗﺎﺌِﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺏ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺴﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﺃﻥ ﻴﺭﺯﻗﻬﺎ ﻏﹸﻼﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺸﺎﻜِﻠ ِﺘ ِﻪ‬
‫ﺃﺑﻮ ﺭِﻏﹶﺎﻝ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫‪ABU RIGHAL‬‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﻴ ﹲﺔ ُﺃﺴ‪‬ـﻁﹸﻭ ِﺭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹲﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺘـﺫﻫﺏ‬
‫ﺨ ِ‬
‫ﺸﹾ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺇﺤﺩﻯ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﺍﻴﺎﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺒﺎ ِﺭﻏﹶﺎل‬
‫ل َﺃ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺭﻫ‪‬ـ ﹶﺔ‬
‫ﻜﺎﻥ ﹶﺜﻘﹶﻔﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻁﱠﺎﺌِﻑ ‪‬ﺩ ﱠ‬
‫ﺘﻠﻙ ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺎﺌﻊ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﻟـﺭ‪‬ﻏﻡ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﹶﻨ ﹾﻔﺴِﻪِ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴﺭ‪‬ﻯ ﺍﻟﻐﹸﻼ ‪‬ﻡ ﺒﻌﻴﻨﻴﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﺸﹸﻬ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺘﻪِ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻨﻤﺎ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﺤـﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻤ ‪‬ﻊ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺃﺓ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﻭﺍ ﹾﻜ ﹶﺘﻔﹶﻰ ﺒﻤﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﺭﺒﻌﺔ ﺍﻨﺘﻬﺕ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻡ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻴﺎﺴـ ﹸﺔ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺠﻤِﻴـﻊ‬
‫ل ﺒـﻴﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﺒﻠﻐﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺒﺄ‪ .‬ﻭﺤﺎ َ‬
‫ﺤﺴ‪‬ﻥ ﺒﻥ ﺴ‪‬ـﺭﺤ‪‬ﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻘﺒِﻴﹶﻠﺔِ؛ ﻭﻫﻡ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺒﻴﻥ ‪‬ﺭ ْﺅ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺘ ِﻪ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺠـﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﺍﻟﻴـﻭﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﹶﻠﻘﱠﺏ ﺒﺎﻟﺴ‪‬ﻠﻁﹶﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭ ِﺩﻴ‪‬ﺎﺏ ﺒﻥ ﻏﺎﻨِﻡ‪،‬‬
‫ﺤﻀِـ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻊ؛ ﹶﻓ ‪‬ﻤﺩ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﻤﺎﻁﹸ‪ ،‬ﻭُﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺒﺩﻴﺭ ﺒﻥ ﻓﺎﻴﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺒﻭ ﺯﻴﺩ ﺒﻥ ﺭِﺯﻕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻐﻼﻡ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻀ‪‬ﻴﻭﻑ ﻜﻤﺎ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻘﻀِـﻲ‬
‫ﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻼﻟِ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻬِ ﹶ‬
‫ﺒﺫﻟﻙ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩ‪‬ﺓ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﱠﺘ ‪‬ﺒﻌ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﺘﺤﻤﻠﻪ ﺠﺎﺭِﻴﺔ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻁﱠﺭﻴﻕ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪‬ﻤﻜﱠﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻨﻪ ﺘﹸﻭ ﱢﻓ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﻭ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺴﻲ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﺘﺩﻭﺭ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ِﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﺃَﺒﻘﹶﻰ ﺯﻭﺠﺘﻪ ﻟِ ﹶﻜﹶﻠﻔِﻪِ ﺒﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭَﺃﺒ‪‬ﻰ‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ﻥ ﺒﺎﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻐﻤ‪‬ﺱ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﺩ ِﻓ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺭِﻭﺍﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺠ ِﻡ ﹶﻗﺒ‪‬ﺭﻩ‪ .‬ﻭﺘـﺫﻫ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺒـﺎ ِﺭﻏﹶـﺎل ﻜـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻲ ﻤﻥ ﹶﺜﻤ‪‬ﻭﺩ؛ ﺇﺫ ﻜﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻭﺤِﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ‪‬ﺒ ِﻘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻴﻘﻴﻡ ﻓﻲ ﻤﻜﱠﺔ ﻴـﻭﻡ ﹶﻨ ﹾﻜﺒ‪‬ـ ِﺔ ﹶﺜﻤ‪‬ـﻭﺩ‪،‬‬
‫ﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻬ‪‬ـﻼﹶﻙ‪،‬‬
‫ﺴﻴ‪ ‬ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻜﹶﺎ ِ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺤ‪‬ﻤ‪ ‬ﹾﺘ ‪‬ﻪ ﹸﻗ ‪‬ﺩ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ِﻨﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺃﺒ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻷﻏﹶﺎﻨِﻲ ﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭﻭ‪‬ﻯ ﺼﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻑ ﻭﺠ‪‬ـﺩ‪‬ﺍ‬
‫ِﺭﻏﹶﺎل ﻜﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻤِﻠﻜﹰﺎ ﻟﻠﻁﱠـﺎ ِﺌ ِ‬
‫ﻥ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺘﻠﹸﻭﺍ ﺃﺒـﺎ‬
‫ﻱ ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﺜﱠﻘ ِﻔﻴ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴﻌ‪‬ﻭ ِﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻭﺭِﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ِﺭﻏﹶﺎل ﻟ ﹶﻘﺴ‪‬ﻭ ِﺘ ِﻪ ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫‪ABU ZEID Al-Hilali‬‬
‫ل ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻠﺤ‪‬ﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻌﺒﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺃﺸﻬ ‪‬ﺭ ﺃَﺒﻁﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻭﻓـﺔ ِﺒﺴِـﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺓ ‪‬ﺒﻨِـﻲ‬
‫ِﻫﻼﹶل‪ .‬ﻭﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﺤﻤﺔ ﻫـﻲ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺒﻴﺎﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﺤﻤ‪‬ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴﺭ‪‬ﻯ ﺍﻟﻐﻼﻡ َﺃﺴ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺩ ﻓﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺤ ِﺭ ‪‬ﻡ ﻨِﻌﻤ ﹶﺔ ﺍﻟﻭﻟﺩ‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﺃﺒﻭﻩ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﺯﻭﺠ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻪ‬
‫ﺤﻤِ َ‬
‫ﻗﺩ َﺃ ﹾﺜﹶﻠﺞ‪ ‬ﺼﺩﺭﻩ ﺃﻥ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸﺭِﻴﻔﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﺘﻭ‪ ‬ﹼﻗﻊ‪ ‬ﺃﻥ ﹸﺘ ﹾﻨ ِ‬
‫ﺨﹶﻀﺭ ﹸﺓ ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺴ ِﺭﻴ‪‬ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻪ ﻏﹸﻼﻤﹰﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﺘﻔﻕ ﻟﻸﻤﻴﺭﺓ ﺨﻀﺭ ﹶﺓ ﺃﻥ ﺘﺨﺭﺝ‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻷﻤﻴﺭ ﺭﺯﻕ ﺃﺜﻨﺎﺀ ﻫﺫﺍ ﻜﻠﻪ‬
‫ل ﺃﺸـﺎ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﺨَ‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬ﻴﻤ‪‬ﺘِﻪِ‪ .‬ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺩ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﻋﻨﺩ ﺒﺎﺏ ﹶ‬
‫ﻲ ﺒﻴﻨﻪ‬
‫ﺨِﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻤﻌﻅﻡ ﺃﺼﺤﺎﺒِﻪ ﺒﺄﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ﻭﺒﻴﻥ ﺯﻭﺠﺘﻪ ﻫﺫﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺸـﻜﻜﻭﻩ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺨﻠﻘﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻋﻠﻨﻭﺍ ﺃﻥ ﺇﺒﻘـﺎﺀ‪‬ﻩ ﻋﻠﻴﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺸﻤ‪‬ﺔ" ﺇﺤﺩﻯ ﺯ‪‬ﻭﺠ‪‬ـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻤﻊ ﺍﻷﻤﻴﺭﺓ " ﹶ‬
‫ﺠﺭ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻌﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ ﻭﻋﻠـﻰ ﹶﻗ ‪‬ﻭﻤِـ ِﻪ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤ ٍﻊ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻘﹶﺎﺌِـل؛‬
‫ﺴﺭﺤﺎﻥ ﻓﻲ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﻤﻴﻌ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻓﹶﺄﺫﻋ‪‬ﻥ‪ ‬ﻜﺎ ِﺭﻫ‪‬ـﺎ ﻭﺃﺭﺴـﻠﹶﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺽ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﻓﺭﺃﺕ ﻁﺎ ِﺌﺭ‪‬ﺍ َﺃﺴ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺩ ﻴ‪‬ـ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﺒﻨﹶﻬﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﺒﻴﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ‪‬ﻤﻜﱠﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺃﺑﻮ ﺯ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺪ ﺍﳍِﻼﹶﻟِﻲ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺇﻨﻤﺎ ﺠ‪‬ﻌ‪‬ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ﻴ‪‬ﻭﹶﻟ ‪‬ﺩ ﻜﻤﺎ ﻴﻭﻟﺩ ﻏﻴـﺭﻩ‬
‫ﻼﹶﻟ ﹶﺔ ﹶﻓﻬ‪‬ﺎﻟـ ‪‬ﻪ‬
‫ﺤﺩ‪‬ﻫﻡ ﺍﻟﻐِ ﹶ‬
‫ﻀ ٍﺔ ﻭﺭ‪ ‬ﹶﻓﻊ‪َ ‬ﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ِﻓ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﻜﺎﺌِﻥ ﺨﺎﺭِﻕ ﺃﻭ ﻏﻴﺭ ﺇﻨﺴﺎﻨﻲ؛‬
‫ﻨﹶﺴ ِ‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺎﺩﺓ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ "ﺍﻟ ﱡﻨﻘﹸﻭﻁ" ﻤـﻥ ﹶﺫﻫ‪‬ـ ٍ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﻥ ﹸﻗ ﹶﺘﻴ‪‬ﺒﺔ‬
‫ﻅ ﻭﺍﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﹸ‬
‫ﻟِ ﹶﺜﻘِﻴﻑ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﻘﻭل ﺍﻟﺠ‪‬ﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺙ ﹶﻓ ﹼﺫ ﻻ ﻴﺠﻌﻠـﻪ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﻁﹶل ﺒﺤﺎ ِﺩ ٍ‬
‫ﻏِﻼﻟﹶﺔ ﻻ ﺘﺒﻴﻥ ﻤﻨﻪ ﺸـﻴﺌًﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭَﺃ ﹾﻟﻘﹶـﻰ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﻥ ﹶﺘﺭ‪‬ﻙ‪ ‬ﻤﻜﺔ ﺤﺘﱠﻰ ﻭﺍﻓﺘﻪ‬
‫ﺒﻴﺩ ﺃﻨﻪ ﻤﺎ ﺇ ‪‬‬
‫ﻻﺩ‪‬ﺓِ ﻫﺫﺍ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻬﺩ‪‬ﺕ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻠﺤ‪‬ﻤ ﹸﺔ ﻟِﻭِ ﹶ‬
‫ل ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ِﻔﻀ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﻐﻁﻴـﻪ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻤ ٍ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻉ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻁﱠﻴﺭ ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻑ ﺍﻷﻟﻭﺍﻥ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﺠﻤﻭ ٍ‬
‫ل ﻭﺍﺩﻴ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﻭﺭﺃﺕ "ﺨﻀﺭﺓ" ﺃﻥ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻨﺯِ َ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻷﻨﻭﺍﻉ‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﻐﻠﺏ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻘﺘـل‬
‫ﻁﺭِﻴﻕ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻻ ﹶﺘﻌ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺩ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﺒﻴﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺠﺒ‪‬ﺕ ﺒـﻪ‬
‫ﻋِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨِﺏ ﺍﻷﻜﺒﺭ ﻤﻨﻪ؛ ﻓُﺄ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﺘﱠـﻰ ﹶﻟ ِﻘﻴ‪‬ﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺭﻀِﻬﺎ؛ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻤﺘﱠﻬﻤ ﹰﺔ ﻓﻲ ِ‬
‫ﺕ ﻭﺠﻬ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻤﺎﺀ ﺘـﺩﻋﻭ‬
‫ﻭﺭ‪ ‬ﹶﻓﻌ‪ ‬ﹾ‬
‫ل ﺒﻥ ﺒﻴﺴﻡ" ﺭﺃﺱ ﻗﺒﻴﻠﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻤﻴﺭ "ﻓﹶﻀ ُ‬
‫‪١٥‬‬
‫ﺍﻟــﺯﺤﻼﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋــﺭﻑ ﺨﺒﺭﻫــﺎ؛‬
‫ﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫"ﺍﻟﺒ ‪‬ﺭﺠ‪‬ﺎﺱ"‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﺯﻡ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻐِﻴﺭِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠِﻠﻴ‪‬ـﺔ‬
‫ﺕ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ِﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﹶﻨ ‪‬ﻬ ﹾﺘ ‪‬ﻪ ﺃﻤﻪ ﻭ ﹶﻨ ﹶﻔﻀ‪ ‬ﹾ‬
‫ﻓﺎﺤﺘﺭﻤﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭَﺃ ﹾﻜﺭ‪‬ﻡ‪ ‬ﻭﻓﺎﺩ‪‬ﺘﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻁﻠﹶﺏ‬
‫ﻗﺒﻴﻠﺘﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﺒﻨـﻪ ﻭﺍﺴـﺘﺭ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭ؛ ﻓﺄﻗ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻷ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸَﺄ ‪‬ﻩ ﻤـﻊ ﺍﺒﻨﻴـﻪ "ﻤـﻨﻌﻡ‬
‫ﻭﻟﺩ‪‬ﻫﺎ ﻭ‪ ‬ﹶﻨ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻗﺒِﻴﹶﻠ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻪ ﺒﻌـﺩﻤﺎ ﻏﺎﺩﺭﺘـﻪ ﺯﻭﺠﺘـﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﺒﻤﻜﺎﻥ ﺒﺭﻜﺎﺕ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺒﻴـﻪ ﻭﻤـﻨﻬﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﺴﻤﻪ( ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺯ ﺃﻗﺭﺍﻨﻪ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﹸـ ‪‬ﻭ ِﺓ‬
‫ـﺯﻥ‬
‫ﺤـ‬
‫ـﻰ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ـﻭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﻻﹶﻟ ـ ﹰﺔ ﻋﻠـ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴـ‬
‫"ﻏﹸﺼﻥ ﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ﺎﻥ"‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺨﺫ ﺼﻴﺘﹸﻪ ﻴﻌﻠـﻭ‬
‫ﻁﺤ‪‬ﺏ‪ ‬ﻤﻌـﻪ ﻋﺒـﺩ‪‬ﺍ‬
‫ﺼﹶ‬
‫ﻷﺴ‪‬ﻰ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﻴﺎﻡ ﺤﺘـﻰ ﺴـﻤ‪‬ﺎﻩ ﻗﻭﻤـﻪ‬
‫ﺨ ﹶﺫ ﻤ‪ ‬ﹾﻨﺯِﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻪ‬
‫ﺤﻭ‪‬ﺍ ِﺌﺠِﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍ ﱠﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﻴﻘﻭﻡ ﺒ ‪‬‬
‫"ﺴﻼﻤﺔ"‪ ،‬ﻜﻨﺎﻴﺔ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻷﻤﻥ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻴ‪‬ﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺭﺃﺕ ﻋﻨﺩﻫﺎ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺠﺎ ِﻨ ِ‬
‫ﻴﺠﺩﻭﻨﻪ ﻓﻲ ﹶﻜ ﹶﻨﻔِﻪِ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﺼﺒﺢ ﻴ‪‬ﻌـ ‪‬ﺭﻑﹸ‬
‫ﻲ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﻤﻠِـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ‪‬‬
‫ﺘﺤﻭ‪‬ل ﺇﻟﻰ ﻀ‪‬ـﺭ ٍ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴﻭﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻏﻴﺭﻩ‪ .‬ﻭﻟـﻡ ﻴﻤـﺽ‬
‫ﺠﺎﻨﺏ ﺍﺴﻤﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﻴﻥ "ﻤﺴﻌﻭﺩ" ﻭ"‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪ ‬ﻌﺭِ ﹶﻓﺔِ ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻔ ‪‬ﺭﻭِﺴﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻉ ﺒﻨﻲ ﻫﻼل‬
‫ﺡ ﹸﻨﺠ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﺘﹶﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻗﺕ ﺤﺘﻰ ﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﺭﻜﺎﺕ"‪.‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺠ ِﺘ ِﻪ ﺃﻥ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘﹶﻠﻘﱠﺎﻫ‪‬ـﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺒﻨﱠـﻰ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ‪‬ﺯ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﻋﺘﹶـﺯ‪َ ‬‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻷﻤﻴﺭ ﺭﺯﻕ ﻗ ِﺩ ﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺯﻭﺠﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻋﺘﺭﻑ ﺒﻨﻭ ﻫﻼل ﺠﻤﻴﻌ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﻭﻨﻌﻴﻡ"‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﺒﺭﻜﺎﺕ )ﻭﻗﺩ ﺃﺼﺒﺢ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﻋ ِﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻤﺎ ﻜﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﻴﺒﻠﻎ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺩﻴـ ﹶﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﱠﺠﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫ﻋﺸﺭ ﹶﺓ ﻤﻥ ﻋﻤﺭﻩ ﺤﺘﻰ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻗﺩ ﹶﺜﻘِ ﹶ‬
‫‪‬ﻤﻌ‪‬ﺎﺭِﻑ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻴﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻨﻴﺎ ﻤﻤـﺎ ﻜـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺵ ﻓﻲ ﺨﻴﻤـﺔ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻌﺭ‬
‫ﻭﻋﺎ ﹶ‬
‫ﺒﺄَﺒﻲ ﺯﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﻬﻼﻟﻲ ﺴـﻼﻤﺔ‪ ،‬ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﻕ ﺍﻟﻁﱠـﺎﺌﺭ‬
‫ﺯﻭﺠﺘﻪ "ﺨﻀﺭﺓ" ﹶﺘﻔﹶـ ‪‬ﻭ ﹶ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺠﺯِﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺓ ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ـﺭ‪‬ﺏ‪ .‬ﺜـﻡ‬
‫ﺱ ﻓﻲ ِ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺩﺭ‪ ‬‬
‫ﻭﺯﻭ‪‬ﺠﻪ ﺃﻤﻴـﺭ ﺍﻟـﺯﺤﻼﻥ ﺒﺎﺒﻨﺘـﻪ‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﻌ ِﺒ ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﺔ ِﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺩ ِﺓ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻤﻬ‪‬ﺩﺕ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻠﺤ‪‬ﻤ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺏ ﻤﺎﺤِل ﺍﺴﺘﻤ ‪‬ﺭ ﺃﻤـﺩ‪‬ﺍ؛ ﻓـﺭﺃﻯ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺩلﱡ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺒﺎﻟﹶﻐﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺼﻑ "ﺃﺒـﻲ‬
‫ﻑ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔﺘﹶـﻰ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺒﻥ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﺒﻴﻪ؛ ﹶﻓﻌ‪‬ﺭ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﻼِﻟﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺥ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ِﻬ ﹶ‬
‫"ﺴﺭﺤﺎﻥ" ﻭﺍﻷﺸﻴﺎ ﹸ‬
‫ـﺙ‬
‫ـﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻋـ‬
‫ﺴ ـ ‪‬ﻤﺭ‪‬ﺓ ﻋﻠـ‬
‫ـﺩ" ﺒﺎﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺯﻴـ‬
‫ﺃﺒﺎﻩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺤﻘِﻴﻕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻁﻠﺏ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻤﻪ‬
‫ﺠﻌ‪‬ﺎﻓِﺭ‪ ‬ﹶﺓ ﻭﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﻬﻼﻟﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺒﻴﺩ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﻓﻴﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﻏﻠﹶـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﺤﻤﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻓﺘـﺭﺓ ﹶ‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬ﺒﺭِ؛ ﻓﺯﻋﻤﺕ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺠِﻠ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﺘﻨﺒﺌﻪ ِﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﻅﻠﱡﻭﺍ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻷﻤﻴـﺭ ﺭﺯﻕ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻵﺨﺭﻴﻥ ﹶ‬
‫ﺸﺭ‪‬ﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻀـﺎﺀ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺃﺼﺤﺎﺏ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒ ﹶ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﻋﻤ‪‬ﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻥ َﺃﺒ‪‬ﺎﻩ ﻗﺩ ﹸﻗﺘِ َ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻤﻴﺭ ﻓﻀل ‪‬‬
‫ﻉ ﺒﻴﻨﻬﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻁﹶﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ﻜﻡِ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻡ ﻤـﻥ ﻏﻴـﺭ ﺍﻟﻌـﺭﺏ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﻌِﻴﺵ ﻓﻲ ﹶﻜ ﹶﻨﻔِﻪِ ﻟـﻴﺱ‬
‫ﺠَ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻉ ﺒﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﺯﺤﻼﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﺠﺭ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﺇﻟﻰ ﹸﻨﺠ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫‪‬ﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺨﻲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ؛ ﻓﻘﺩ ﺍﺯﺩﻫﺭﺕ ﻫﺫﻩ‬
‫ﻲ ﻴ‪‬ﺩﻋ‪‬ﻰ ﺍﻷﻤﻴﺭ ﺭﺯﻕ‬
‫ﻼﻟِ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻴ ِﺩ ﻫِ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻤﺎ ﺒﻠﹶﻎ ﺴﺭﺤﺎﻥ ﻭﻗﻭﻤﻪ ﻫﺩﻓﻬﻡ‬
‫ﺨ ﹶﺫﻥ‪ ‬ﺒﺎﻟﺜﱠـﺄﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻴﻘﹾـ ﹸﺘﹶﻠﻥ‪‬‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻡ ﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ْﺄ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻫﺯِﻴﻤ ﹰﺔ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻨﻜﹶﺭﺓﹰ؛ ﻓﺄﺭﺴـل ﺴـﺭﺤﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺨﹶﻠﺩِﻩِ ﺃﻨﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻤﻴﺭ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴﺩ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ﻓﻲ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﺴﺘﻨﺠﺩ ﺒﺎﻷﻤﻴﺭ ﺭﺯﻕ‪ ،‬ﻓَﺄﺠ‪‬ﺎﺒ‪‬ﻪ ﺇﻟﻰ‬
‫ﺃﺒﻭﻩ‪ .‬ﻭﻭﻫﺒﻪ ﺍﻷﻤﻴﺭ ﻓﻀـل ﺨﻴـﺭ‬
‫ﻀ ‪‬ﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻼﻟﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺴ ْﺅِﻟ ِﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻤﺎ ﺒﻠﻎ ﻤ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺒﻁﻠﹶـﻪ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﻜﺎﻥ ﻻﺒﺩ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﻴﺎﺩِﻩ ﻭﻋﻠﱠﻤﻪ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻔﺭ‪‬ﻭﺴـ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺔ ﻭﺭﻤـﻲ‬
‫ﺤﺭِﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﺤﻤل ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺒﺭﻜـﺎﺕ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻨ ‪‬ﺩ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ﺃﺨﺫﺘﻪ ﺴ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ﹸﺓ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻐﻀ‪‬ﺏِ ﻋﻨـﺩﻤﺎ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﻨﺎ ِﻗﻀ‪‬ﺎ ﻟﺨﺼﻭﻤﻪ ﻫﺅﻻﺀ؛ ﻭﻟـﺫﻟﻙ‬
‫ﺙ‬
‫ﺍﺨﺘﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻤﺭﺓ ﻟﻪ ﻟﹶﻭﻨﹰﺎ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﻤﺎ ﹶﻟﺒِـ ﹶ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﻓﻨﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‪ .‬ﻭﺴـﺭﻋﺎﻥ ﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﻋﺭﻑ ﺍﺴﻡ ﻤ‪‬ﻨﺎﺯِﻟـﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺫﻜـﺭ ﺃﻨـﻪ‬
‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﺤﻭ‪ .‬ﻭﻓـﻲ ﻫـﺫﻩ‬
‫ﺒﺭﺯ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺭﻜﻭﺏ ﺤﺘﻰ ﺤﺴﺩﻩ ﺃﺒﻨﺎﺀ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺘﺭﻩ ﻤﻥ "ﺃﺒﻴﻪ"‪.‬‬
‫ﺸﺒ‪‬ﻪ ﻗﻭﻱ ﺒﻤﺎ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ‬
‫ﺼﻠﹶﺔ ﹶ‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﻅﺘﹶـﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﺤﻔِﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﺒﻥ ﻨﺎﻴل؛ ﹶﻓَﺄﺜﹶـﺎﺭ‪ ‬ﺫﻟـﻙ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼﻠِﻴ ِﺒﻴ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺩﺍﺨِـل ﺍﻟـﻭﻁﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﺩﺩﻭﺍ ﺤﻤﺎﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻡ ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺃﺼﺤﺎﺏ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﺸﹾـﺭ‪‬ﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻀـﺎﺀ؛‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﱢﺭﺍ ِﺩ ﻭﺍﻟ ﹶﻜ ‪‬ﺭ ﻭﺍﻟ ﹶﻔﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻫﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺘﺼﺩ‪‬ﻯ ﻟﻬﻡ "ﺒﺭﻜﺎﺕ" ﻭﺃﻟﺤﻕ ﺒﻬـﻡ‬
‫ﺒﻁﺒﻴﻌــﺔ ﺍﻟﺤــﺎل‪ ،‬ﻜﻤــﺎ ﺘﺴــﻠﱠل‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺒﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻴﻌـﻴﺵ ﻓـﻲ ﹶﻜﻨﹶﻔﻬـﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻁﺎﻟﺕ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺒﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺯ ﹸﺓ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻻﺜﻨـﻴﻥ‪،‬‬
‫‪‬ﺒﻁﹶل ﺁﺨﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺒﻁﺎل ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺏ ﻫـﻭ‬
‫ﻭﺘﻔﻭ‪‬ﻕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻴـﻊ ﻓـﻲ ﻟﹸﻌﺒـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻻﺒﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻘﻀِﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺒﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻟﻭﻻ‬
‫"ﻋ‪ ‬ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘﺭ‪‬ﺓ ﺒﻥ ﺸﺩ‪‬ﺍﺩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺒﺴِﻲ"‪ ،‬ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫‪١٦‬‬
‫)ﺍﻨﻅﺭ‪ :‬ﺴﻴﺭﺓ ﻋﻨﺘﺭﺓ(‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻡ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻐﻔِـل‬
‫ﺠﺯ‪‬ﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﻭﺍﺩﺙ؛ ﻓﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺩ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺨﺼﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﺴـﺘﻁﻴﻊ ﺃﺒـﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺏ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﻓﻴﻪ؛ ﻓﺎﻨﺘﺨﺒـﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻨﻁِﻕ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺴ‪‬ﺎﻴِﺭ ﻟﻬـﺎ ﺃﻻ ﺘﺼـﺒﺢ‬
‫ﺨﻠﱠﺹ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺂﺯِﻕ؛ ﻓﻘﺎل "ﺴِـﻜﱠ ﹸﺔ‬
‫ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺩﻭﻥ ﻜﺜﻴﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻔ ‪‬ﺭﺴ‪‬ﺎﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﻜل ﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺤﻴﺎﺓ ﺃﺒﻲ ﺯﻴﺩ ﻜﻠﻬﺎ ﺍﻨﺘﺼﺎﺭ‪‬ﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻻ‬
‫ﻙ"‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﺒﻲ ﺯﻴﺩ ﹸﻜﻠﱡﻬﺎ ﻤ‪‬ﺴﺎِﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻲ ﻜـﺎﻥ ﺍﺒـﻥ ﺃَﻤـﺔٍ‬
‫ﺴ‪‬‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺒ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻥ ﺜﻡ ﻓﻨﺤﻥ ﻨﺭﺍﻩ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻬﺯ‪‬ﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺒﻌﺽ‬
‫ﻫﻼل ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺴﻴﺔ ﺠﻤﻴﻌ‪‬ﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﺒﻁل‬
‫ﺍﻷﺤﻴﺎﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﻜﺒﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘِﺴﻡ ﺍﻷﻭل ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻐ ‪‬ﺯﻭ‪‬ﺓ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺕ ﻓﻴـﻪ ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻭﺴـﻴﺔ ﺒﺎﻟﺸﱢـﻌﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻤﺎ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﺤﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﺘﻘﻭﻡ‬
‫ـﺫﻩ‬
‫ل ﺒﻬـ‬
‫ـﻌﺏ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻤ ﱠﺜـ ُ‬
‫ـﺫ ﺍﻟﺸـ‬
‫ﻭﺃﺨـ‬
‫ﻁﹶﻠ ‪‬ﻴﻥِ ﻤﻥ ﻓـﺎﺭِﻕ ﻫـﻭ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺒ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﻴﺔٍ‪ ،‬ﺃﻤﺎ ﺃﺒﻭ ﺯﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﻬﻼﻟﻲ ﻓـﺎﺒﻥ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺒ ِ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺤﺠ‪‬ﺎ ِﺯﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻴﺱ ﻤﻌﻨﻰ ﺫﻟﻙ‬
‫ﺸﹶﺭﻴﻔ ٍﺔ ِ‬
‫ل ﺃﺤـﺩﻫﻤﺎ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﻀَ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺏ ﹶﻓ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ﺃﺴﻬﻡ ﺃﺒﻭ ﺯﻴﺩ ﻓﻲ ﻭﻗﺎﺌﻊ ﺒﻨﻲ‬
‫ﻓﻘﺩﺕ ﺃﻫﻡ ﻋﻨﺎﺼﺭﻫﺎ ﺍﻟﻘﺼﺼـﻴﺔ؛‬
‫ﺃﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻋﺎﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﱠﺎﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﺭﺘﻜـﺯ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻬِﻼﻟﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﻘِﺴـﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﻌـﺭﻭﻑ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺸﺨﺼﻴﺘﻪ ﻓﻬﻲ ﺍﻟﺤِﻴﻠﹶﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗـﺩ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟ ‪‬ﺭﻴ‪‬ﺎﺩﺓ؛ ﺇﺫ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻴ‪‬ـﺭ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﺏ ﻟﻬﺎ ﺒﺄﻥ ﻋﻠﱠﻤﻪ ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬
‫َﺃ ‪‬ﻫﹶﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﱠﺭﻴﻕ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺭﺽ ﹶﻨﺠ‪‬ﺩ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺒـﻼﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻨـﻭﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻠﻐـﺎﺕ‪ .‬ﻓﻬـﻭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻐﺎﺭﺏ ﻓﻲ ﺇﻓﺭﻴﻘﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭ ﹶﺘﻜِ ‪‬ﺯ ‪‬ﺒﻁﹸﻭﹶﻟ ﹸﺔ ﺃﺒﻲ ﺯﻴﺩ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﻴﺴﺘﻁﻴﻊ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻨﻜﱠـ ‪‬ﺭ ﻓـﻲ ﺃﻱ ِﺯﻱ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﺼﻁﺤﺏ ﻤﻌﻪ ﺍﻟﻔِﺘﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﺌِل ﻓﻲ‬
‫ِﺩﻋ‪‬ﺎﻤ‪ ‬ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻴﻥِ ﺍﺜﻨﺘﻴﻥ؛ ﺃﻭﻻﻫﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺠﺎﻋﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻱ ِﻤ ‪‬ﻬﻨﹶــﺔٍ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻑ َﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﺘﹶــﺭِ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻥ ﻴ‪ ‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺒﻴﻠﺔ؛ ﻭﻫﻡ ﻴﺤﻴـﻰ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﺭﻋـﻲ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﻲ ﻜﻤﺎ ﻨﻌﻠﻡ ﺼِﻔ ﹶﺔ ﺸﺎﺌِﻌﺔ ﺒـﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﻁ ﺍﻟﺸـﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﺘﺤﺩ‪‬ﺙ ﺒﺄﻱ ﻟﻐﺔ‪ .‬ﻭَﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﻭﻨﺱ‪.‬‬
‫ﻴﺒﺭﺯ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻡ ﻓﻴﻬـﺎ ﺒﺤﻴـﺙ ﻴﻔﻘـﺩ‬
‫ﺘﺤﺩ‪‬ﺙ ﻋﻥ ﺤﻴﻠﺘﻪ؛ ﺇﺫ ﻟـﻴﺱ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺭﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻟﻠﻐﺯﻭﺓ ﺍﻟﻬﻼﻟﻴﺔ؛ ﻭﻫﻭ ‪‬ﻭﻗﹸﻭﻉ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺎﺴ‪‬ﺏ ﺒﻴﻨﻪ ﻭﺒﻴﻨﻬﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻡ ﻴﺒﺘﻜـﺭ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻘﻭل ﺃﻥ ﻴﺘﻨﻜﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺯِﻱ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻫﺒ‪‬ﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺨﻠِﻴﻔﹶﺔ‬
‫ﺃﻭﻟﺌﻙ ﺍﻟﻔِﺘﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺜﱠﻼﺜﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻴﺩ " ﹶ‬
‫ﺼﻠﹶﺔ ﻟـﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻲ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﺹ ﻤ‪‬ـﺜﻼﹰ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﻡ ﻓﻲ ﻗﹸﺒـﺭ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺯﻨﹶﺎﺘِﻲ" ﺒﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ ﺘﻭﻨﺱ ﺍﻟﺨﻀﺭﺍﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﺒﺎﻟﹶﻎ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺤﺘﻰ ﺃﺨﺭﺠﻬﺎ ﻋﻥ‬
‫ـﺎﺭِﺱ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻐ ‪‬ﻤ ـﺭ‪‬ﻩ‬
‫ـﻭ ﺍﻟﻔـ‬
‫ﺨ ـﺫﹶ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫـ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ﱠﺘ ِ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺍﻵﺨﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﺍﻫـﺘﻡ ﺒﻬﻤـﺎ ﻤﻌ‪‬ـﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻐﻨﱠﻰ ﺒ ‪‬ﻤﺤ‪‬ﺎﻤِﺩﻫﻤﺎ ﻭ ِﻓﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟِﻬﻤﺎ ﻤﻌ‪‬ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﺒﻁﺎل ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻴﺭﺓ ﺠﻤﻴﻌ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﺃﺒﺎ ﺯﻴﺩ‬
‫ـﻌﺒﻴﺔ‬
‫ـﺔ ﺍﻟﺸـ‬
‫ـﺩﻋﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﺤﻤـ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺒﺘـ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺤﺴﺎﺒﻪ ﺘﻠﻙ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻔﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻭﻨﻴﺔ ﻜﻠﻤﺎ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺨﱠﻠﺹ‪ ‬ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ل ﺃﺒﻭ ﺯﻴﺩ ﺤﺘﱠﻰ ﹶﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺤﺘﹶﺎ َ‬
‫ﻭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﻌ‪‬ﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻗﹶﻭ ِﻤ ِﻪ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺴﺭِ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﻜ ‪‬ﺭ ﺭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﻷ‪‬‬
‫ﺍَ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻤﻜﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺠـﺎﻭ‪‬ﺯ ﺒﻬـﺎ ﺍﻟﻁﱠﺎﻗـﺔ‬
‫ﻅ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺭﺃَﺓ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺒ‪‬ـﺩ‪‬ﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺠﻭﻟﹶﺔ‪ ،‬ﻤ ﹾ‬
‫ﺨﻭ‪‬ﺍﺭِﻕ‪،‬‬
‫ﺴﻠِﻜﻬﺎ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺭﻴﺔ ﻭﻜﺎﺩ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﻴﻥ ﺠﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﺠﺎﺯﻴـﺔ ﻋﻨـﺩ ﺃﺒـﻭﺍﺏ‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﻓﻬﻭ ﻜﻐﻴﺭﻩ ﻓﺎﺭِﺱ ‪‬ﻴﺠِﻴﺩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺭﻜﹸـﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺘﹸــﻭﻨﺱ‪ .‬ﻭﻗــﺩ ﺃﻟﺒﺴــﻪ ﺍﻟﺸــﻌﺏ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ﹶﻜ ‪‬ﺭ ﻭﺍﻟ ﹶﻔ ‪‬ﺭ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻨﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺯﻟﹶﺔ ﻭﺍﺴ‪‬ـﺘِﻌ‪‬ﻤﺎ َ‬
‫ـﺏ‬
‫ـﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺍﻫـ‬
‫ـﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻁﱠﺒﻴـ‬
‫ﺸﺨﺼـ‬
‫ﺘﻭﻨﺱ ﻟﺘﺨﻠﻴﺹ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺜﺔ ﻭﺘﺤﺭﻴﺭﻫﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻼﺡ‪ ،‬ﺇﺫﺍ ﺼﺭ‪‬ﺥ ﺍﺭﺘﻌـﺩﺕ ﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺩِﻴﻡ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻬﺭ‪‬ﺝ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺭﺃﺓ‪ ،‬ﺒﻴـﺩ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺨﺼِ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻴﻥِ ﻜﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻴﻠﹶـ ﱡﺫ ﻟـﻪ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺸﹾ‬
‫ﺃﻫﻡ ﹶ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒـﻲ ﻫـﺫﻩ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ﺁ ﹶﺜﺭ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﺸﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺤﺒ‪‬ﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻋﻁﹶﺎﻫﺎ ﻤﻜـﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ ِﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﻀ‪‬ـﺭﺒ ﹸﺔ‬
‫ﺠﻨﹾـ ِﺩ ُ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ‪‬ﻤﻨﹶﺎ ِﺯﻟِـﻪِ ﻭ ﹸﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﺼ ‪‬ﻭﺭ‪‬ﻩ ﺒﺼﻭﺭﺘﻬﻤﺎ ﻫﻤـﺎ؛ ﺍﻟﻌﺒـﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺩﺍﺭﺓ؛ ﻻ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺃﺒﻁﺎل ﺴﻴﺭﺓ ﺒﻨﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﺤﺩﺓ ﻤﻥ ﺴِﻴ ِﻔ ِﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ ﻻ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻼﺀﻤﺘﻬﺎ ﻟﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺸﱠـﺎﻋِﺭ‬
‫ﻫﻼل ﻓﺤﺴﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﺒـﻴﻥ ﺃﺒﻁـﺎل‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫ﺤﺼ‪‬ﻰ ﻤـﻥ ﻋ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩﻭ‪‬ﻩ‪ ...‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﻘﹾـ ِﺫ ﹸ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﻭ‪‬ﺍل ﻻﺘﻔﺎﻗﻬـﺎ ﻤـﻊ ﺸﺨﺼـﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ِﻴ ِﺭ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﺠﻤﻴﻌ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﺍﻤﺘﺩﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻯ ﻻ ﻴﺒﻠﻐﻪ ﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ﺼ ‪‬ﺭ!‬
‫ﺤ ِﻪ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻤ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ِﺒ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻤ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻨﺸِﺩ ﻨﻔﺴﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﻁِ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟـﻭ ﹶ‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﺭﺘﹸﻪ ﺤﺘﻰ ﹶﻨ ﹶﻔﺫﹶﺕ ﻤِـ ‪‬‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﺤﺩٍ‪ ،‬ﻴﺴﺘﻬﺩﻓﻭﻥ ﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ‬
‫ل ﻭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺠٍ‬
‫ﹶﻗ ‪‬ﻭﻤ‪ ‬ﹶﺔ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺍ ِﺌﺹ‪ ،‬ﺘﺴﺒﻘﻪ ﺸﻬﺭﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘـﺅﺜﱢﺭ‬
‫ﻨﹶﺠﺩ؛ ﻓﻤﺎ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻤﻨﻬﻡ ﺇﻻ ﺃﻥ ﻗـﺎﻤ‪‬ﻭﺍ‬
‫‪١٧‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺇﻓﺭﻴﻘﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻲ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻴﺭ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻏﹶﺭ ِ‬
‫ﻭﺸﹶﺭﻗِﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻭﺍﺀ‪.‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺃﺑﻮ ﺍﻟﻘﹶﺎﺳِﻢ‬
‫‪ABU Al-kassim‬‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺙ ﻋﻨـﻪ‬
‫ﻲ ﻤ‪‬ﻨﺎﻓِﻕ ﺘﺤ ‪‬ﺩ ﹶ‬
‫ﻁﻔﹶﻴِﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﹸﻜﻨﹾﻴ ﹸﺔ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺯﺩﻱ ﻓﻲ ِﻜﺘﹶﺎ ِﺒ ِﻪ "ﺤﻜﺎﻴﺔ ﺃﺒﻲ ﻗﺎﺴِﻡ‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺩ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻟـ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﻐﺩﺍﺩﻱ"‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﹶﻗﺼ‪‬ﺔ ﻴﻭ ٍﻡ ﻤﻥ َﺃﻴ‪‬ﺎﻡ ﺃﺒـﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺴِـﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋ ِﺘﻘﹶـﺎ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﻼﻨِﻴ ِﺯﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻻ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴﻁﹸﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺓ ﺍﻟﻤِﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﻷ‪‬‬
‫ﺍُ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻭﺴﻴﻘﹶﻰ ﻭﺍﻟﻁﱢﺏ‪ .‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﺃﻟﻘﺎﺒـﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺎ ِﺌ ‪‬ﺩ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻫﻭ ﺃﻨﻪ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﻊ ﻓﻲ ﺇﺤ‪‬ـﺩ‪‬ﻯ‬
‫ﺤﻴ‪‬ـﺎﺓ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫"ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺍﻋﻲ" ﻭ "ﺤﺎﻤِﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﺯ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻘﺭِﻴﺒ‪‬ﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﱢﺌﺎﺏ ﻭﺍﻟ ﹶﻔﻼﱠﺤﻴﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻔِﻴﺭﺍﻥ"‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﹶﭘ‪‬ﻮﻟﱡﻮ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻱ ﻓﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻘﻁﹸـﻭﻉ‬
‫‪APOLLO‬‬
‫ﺹ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻨ ‪‬ﻭﻋ‪‬ـ ﹶﺔ ﻟﻬـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺨﺼ‪‬ﺎ ِﺌ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﻪ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺃﻫﻡ ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ ﺍﻹﻏﺭِﻴﻕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘﻘﹶﺎﺓ ﻤﻥ ﻤ‪‬ﻨﹶـﺎﺒِﻊ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻹﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﻜﻼﺴﻲ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻜﹶﺎﻨﹶﺔ ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﻠﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﺒﻌﺩ "ﺯﻴ‪‬ﻭﺱ"؛ ﻭﻫـﻭ‬
‫ﻥ ﺒﻬـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﺨﺘﻠِﻔﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﻫﻡ ﺼﻔﺔ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻘﺘﹶـﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ـﻥ‬
‫ـﺎﻁِﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻜﻼﺴـﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﺒـ‬
‫ـﻲ ﺍﻷﺴـ‬
‫ﻓـ‬
‫ﻷﻤـﻭﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻟﻪ ﻫﻲ ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻤﻪ ﺒﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺍ ُ‬
‫"*ﺯﻴﻭﺱ" ﻭ"*ﻟﻴﺘﻭ"‪.‬‬
‫ﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﱢﻅﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﺱ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻨﹸﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﺫﻫﺏ ﺍﻷُﺴـﻁﹸﻭﺭﺓ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺃﻨـﻪ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﻭﻴ‪‬ﺭﻭ‪‬ﻯ ﺃﻥ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺭﺠل ﺍﺴـﺘﻁﹶﺎﻉ‪،‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻭﺘﹶﻰ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬ﺭ ﺃﻭ ﺒ‪‬ﻴ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻵ ﹶ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻩ ﺭﺍﻋﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﻟﻔﻥ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻤﻲ ﺒﺎﻟ ﹶﻘﻭ‪‬ﺱ‬
‫ﺠ ﹶﺘﺫِﺏ‪ ‬ﺇﻟﻴـﻪ‬
‫ﻷ ﹾﺘﻘِﻴ‪‬ﺎﺀِ‪ ،‬ﺃﻥ ﻴ‪ ‬‬
‫ﻏﺔِ ﺍ َ‬
‫ﻼﹶ‬
‫ﺒِﺒ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﻉ ﺠ‪‬ﻤ ٍﻊ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻀِﺭﻴﻥ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺃﺴﻤﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﺄﺩ‪‬ﺒﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺨﺫ ﻴﺴﺨﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻀ‪‬ـﻴﻭﻑ‬
‫ﻭﺼﺎﺤِﺏ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻋﻭﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺴـﻬﺏ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ـﺩﺍﺩ‬
‫ـﺎﺌِل ﺒﻐـ‬
‫ﻀـ‬
‫ـﻴﻥ ﹶﻓ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺔ ﺒـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻘﺎﺭ‪‬ﻨـ‬
‫ل ﺃﺒﻭ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺴﻡ ﻴ‪‬ﻁﻠِﻕ‬
‫ﻭﺃﺼﻔﻬﺎﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﻅ ﱠ‬
‫ﻨِﻜﺎﺘﹶﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﺭﻴﻌﺔ ﻁﻭﺍل ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ْﺄﺩ‪‬ﺒﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻤﺎ‬
‫ﺴ‪‬ﻭﻗﻴ‪‬ﺎ‪ .‬ﻭَﺃ ‪‬ﻤﻌ‪‬ﻥ‪ ‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﺤ ِﺘﺴ‪‬ﺎ ِﺀ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺭﺍﺏ‬
‫ﻕ‬
‫ﺤﺘﻰ ﺍﺴﺘﻭﻟﹶﻰ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﻭﻡ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﺃﻓـﺎ ﹶ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺨﻤﺭ ﻭ ﹶﺘﻅﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﺭ ﺒﺎﻟﺯ‪‬ﻫـ ِﺩ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻑ ﻓـﻲ ﺇﻁـﺎﺭ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻟ ﹸ‬
‫ﺨَ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ﺃَﺩ ﹶ‬
‫ﺼ ِﺘ ِﻪ ﺍﻟﻤﺫﻜﻭﺭﺓ ﻋﻥ ﺃﺒﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺴِـﻡ‬
‫ِﻗ ‪‬‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫ﻁﻠﹶﺤﺎﺕِ ﺍﻟﺤِــ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ﺏ ﻭ ‪‬ﻤﺼ‪‬ــ ﹶ‬
‫ﻷ ‪‬ﺩ ِ‬
‫ﺍَ‬
‫ﺨﻼﹶﻋ ِﺔ ﻭﺍﻟ ﹸﻔﺠ‪‬ﻭ ِﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺨ ﹶﺘِﻠﻔﹶﺔ ﻭﺸِﻌ ِﺭ ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﺃﹶﺑ‪‬ﻮ ﻛﹶﺎﺱ ‪ABOKAS‬‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﻏ ‪‬ﻴﺭ‪‬ﺓِ‬
‫ﺤﻴﺙ ﹶﻓﺭ‪‬ﺕ ﺃﻤﻬﻤﺎ "ﻟﻴﺘﻭ" ﻤﻥ ﹶ‬
‫ﻙ ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ ﻓﺤﺴﺏ‪،‬‬
‫ﺴﻠﹸﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻤﺎ ﻴﺘﺼل ﺒ ‪‬‬
‫"* ِﻫِﻴﺭﺍ"‪.‬‬
‫ﺠﻬ‪‬ـﻭ ِﺩ‬
‫ﺸ ِﺭﻑﹸ ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻠـﻰ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻪ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ﺠﺴ‪‬ﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻴـﺎﺓ ﺍﻟﻴ‪‬ﻭﻨـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤ‪‬ﺔ؛ ﻤﺜل ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩ ِ‬
‫ﺠﻤِﻴ ‪‬ﻊ ﺍﻟ ِﻘ ‪‬ﻴ ِﻡ ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ﻀﺎ ِﺭﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻤﺔ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺠ ِﻤﻌ‪‬ـﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻤﻊ ﺫﻟﻙ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻠﹶﻤﺎﺀ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﹶـﻭ‪‬ﺍﻨِﻴﻥ‬
‫ﻀ ِﻊ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺴﺎﺘِﻴﺭ ﻭﺴ‪‬ـ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ "َﺃﭙ‪‬ﻭﻟﱡـﻭ" ﻟـﻴﺱ ﻴﻭﻨـﺎ ِﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﺃَﺼﻠِﻪ‪:‬‬
‫ﻷﺼ‪‬ل‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ‪‬ﺭ ْﺃﻴ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﺤ‪‬ﻭ َ‬
‫ﺍَ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻭل ﻴﺫﻫﺏ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻨـﻪ ﻗﹶـ ِﺩ ‪‬ﻡ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺎﻥ ﻤﻥ ﻗﻠﺏ ﺁﺴﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ـﻐﺭﻯ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭﻫﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺹ َﺃﭙ‪‬ﻭﻟﱡـﻭ ﺍﻷﻭل ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺨ ِﺘﺼ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻕ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻘﻀ‪‬ﺎ ِﺀ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺤﱡ‬
‫ﻤﺠﺎل ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻥ ﻫﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﺭﺍﺌِﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﺘل؛ ﺫﻟﻙ ﻷﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﺘل ﻴﺤﻤل‬
‫ـﺎﻡ‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟﻨﱢﻅـ‬
‫ﻋﻁﹶﺎ ِﻓ ـ ِﻪ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻔ ـﻭِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ـﻲ َﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓـ‬
‫ﻭﻴﻌﺘﻘﺩ ﺃﺼﺤﺎﺏ ﻫـﺫﺍ ﺍﻟـﺭﺃﻱ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻕ ﻤﻥ ﺍﺴﻡ "ﺃﭙﻭﻟﻭﻨـﺎﺱ"‬
‫ﺍﺴﻤﻪ ﻤ‪‬ﺸ ﹶﺘ ﹼ‬
‫ﻲ ﺍﻟﻘـﺎﺌِﻡ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻭ ﺍﻹﻟﹶﻪ ﺍﻟﺤِﻴﺜِـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺍﻷﺒﻭﺍﺏ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻟﺜﱠﺎﻨﻲ ﻴ‪‬ﺅﻜﱢﺩ ﺃﻥ‬
‫َﺃﭙ‪‬ﻭﻟﱡﻭ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺃﺼﻠﻪ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺭﻋ‪‬ﺎﺓ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻥ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫‪‬ﺒﺭ‪‬ﺍﺭِﻱ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻤﺎل‪ ،‬ﻭﻴ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ـﻪ‬
‫ل ﻭﻅﻴﻔﺘـ‬
‫ﺼـ َ‬
‫ـﺫﻩ َﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼ ـ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺘ ِﻪ ﻫـ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺨﺭ‪‬ﻭﺠ‪‬ـﺎ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻌﺩ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎﻤ‪‬ﻭﺱ ﺍﻹﻟﻬﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﺜﻡ ﻴﺘﻁﻠﱠـﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ِﻘﺼ‪‬ﺎﺹ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻴﺩ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻹﻟﻪ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻌﻠﹸﻭﻤﺎﺕ ﻋـﻥ ﹸﻜﺘﹸـ ِ‬
‫ﺠﺯِﻴـﺭﺓ "ﺩﻴﻠـﻭﺱ"؛‬
‫ﺃﺭﺘﻴﻤﻴﺱ" ﻓﻲ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸ ِﺭﻑﹸ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻔﻨﹸﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜل‬
‫ﻭﻫﻭ ﻻ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺠﺩِﻴﺩ‪.‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ـﻭﺃَﻡ "*‬
‫ﺸـﻘِﻴ ﹶﻘﺘِﻪِ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘـ‬
‫ـﻊ ﹶ‬
‫ـﺘﻘ ‪‬ﺭ ﻤـ‬
‫ﺍﺴـ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻷﺨﻼﻗﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻴﺔ؛‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﹶﻟ ِﻌﺒ‪‬ﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﻤ ‪‬ﺭ ﺒﺭﺃﺴﻪ ﺃﺼﺒﺢ ﹶﺜ ‪‬ﺭﺜﹶﺎﺭ‪‬ﺍ‬
‫ﻋﻨﹶﺎﻴﺘﻪ ﺒﺎﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺠ‪‬ﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﻁﹼﺒﻴﻌﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺠﺎﻨﺏ ِ‬
‫ﻴﺭﻤﻲ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺠﺭِﻤﻴﻥ ﺒ ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﻭﺴِﻪ‪ .‬ﺒﻴ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ل ﻴﺘﻀﻤ‪‬ﻥ ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺩ ﹶﻨﺱ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹾﺘ َ‬
‫ﻗﺩ ﻴﺸﻤل ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺒَﺄﺴ‪‬ـﺭِﻩ‪ ،‬ﻋـﻥ‬
‫ﻁﺭﻴﻕ ﺍﻻﺘﱢﺼـﺎل ﺒـﺎﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻭﺘﹶﻰ ﻭﻤـﺎ‬
‫‪١٨‬‬
‫ﻁ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﺭ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﻭَﺃﭙ‪‬ﻭﻟﱡﻭ ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﻤﻨﺢ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺩ ﹶﻨﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻥ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻏﻴﺭ ﻤﻘﺼﻭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻗﺩ‬
‫ﻤﻨﻪ "ﺩﻭﻜﺎﻟﻴﻭﻥ" ﻭﺯﻭﺠﺘﻪ "ﺒﻴﺭﻫـﺎ"‪،‬‬
‫ﺢ ﺃﻥ ﻫﺫﺍ ﻫـﻭ‬
‫ﺠ‪‬‬
‫ﺫﻟﻙ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺩﻨﹶﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺍ ِ‬
‫ﻼﻙِ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫـﺫﺍ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ َﺅﺩ‪‬ﻱ ﺒ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺭ ﹶﺘ ِﻜ ِﺒ ِﻪ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻬ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﺃَﻨﺸﹶﺩ ﺃﭙﻭﻟﻭ ﺃﻏﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺼـﺭ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﺏ ﺒﺤـﺎﻤِﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺒﺏ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﺠﻌﻠﻪ ﻴ‪‬ﻠﻘﱠـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻲ ﺃَﻴﻀ‪‬ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋ ﹾﻘِﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻤﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻗــﺩ ﺍﺨﺘــﺎﺭ ﺍﻹ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺒﺭ‪‬ﺍﻁﹸــﻭﺭ‬
‫ﺍﺸﺘﻬﺭ ﺒﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻨﺸﺄ ﺍﻷﻟﻌﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺒِﻴ ِﺌﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺒﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻜﺎﻥ "ﻓﻴﺘﻭﻥ" ﻴﻘـﻭﺩ ﻋﺭﺒـﺔ‬
‫َﺃﺫﹶﻯ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒﺤﺎﺭِﺱ ﺍﻷﺒـﻭﺍﺏ‪ .‬ﻭﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻲ "ﺃﻭﻏﺴﻁﺱ" ﻓﻲ ﺸﹶـﺒ‪‬ﺎﺒِﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﻤﺎﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﺒ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﺤﹶﻠﺔٍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻤﺱ "ﻫﻠﻴﻭﺱ" ﻓﻲ ﺭِ ‪‬‬
‫"ﺃﭙﻭﻟﻭ" ﺇﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻟـﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜـﺎﻥ ﻴﻌـﺯﻭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻤﺎﺀ ﻗﺘﻠﻪ "ﺯﻴﻭﺱ" ﻓﻤﺎ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻨﺘﺼﺎﺭﻩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻨﺘﻭﻨﻲ ﻭﻜﻠﻴﻭﺒـﺎﺘﺭﺓ‬
‫"ﺇﺴﻜﻠﺒﻴﻭﺱ" ﺇﻻ ﺃﻥ َﺃﻋ‪‬ـﺎﺩ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﺤﻴـﺎﺓ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻔ ‪‬ﻭﻕِ َﺃﭙ‪‬ﻭﻟﱡـﻭ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﻵﻟﻬـﺔ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﺩﻓﻊ ﺤﻴﺎﺘﻪ ﺜﻤﻨﹰﺎ ﻟـﺫﻟﻙ‪،‬‬
‫ﺙ‬
‫ﻉ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺼ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ـﺩِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ ﺸﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻹﻤﺒﺭﺍﻁﻭﺭ ﺘﹶﺨِﻠﻴﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﻻﻨﺘﺼﺎﺭﻩ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﻴ ٍ‬
‫ﻲ ﺫﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨﺭ‪‬ﺍ ِﻓ ‪‬‬
‫"ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻜﻠﻭﺒﺱ" )ﻜﺎﺌِﻥ ﹸ‬
‫ﻕ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻻﺘﹼﺠﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ْﺅ ِﺜ ِﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻔﺭِﻴ ﹸ‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻭ ِﻗ ‪‬ﻌ ِﺔ "ﺃﻜﺘﻴﻭﻡ" ﻤﻌﺒـﺩ "ﺍﻟﺒﻼﺘـﺎﻴﻥ"‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻬ ِﺘ ِﻪ(؛ ﻷﻨﻪ ﺍﺴـﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺤِﺩﺓ ﻓﻲ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﺴ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻪ َﺃﭙ‪‬ﻭﻟﱡـﻭ‪،‬‬
‫ﺸﺭِﻕ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻟﻠﻨﱢﻅﺎﻡ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾ‬
‫ﻷﭙﻭﻟﻭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺎﻋﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻴﺴﺘﻌﻤﻠﻬﺎ "ﺯﻴـﻭﺱ"‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺸﺭ‪‬ﻴﺭ‪‬ﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﺴ ﹾﻔِﻠﻴ‪‬ﺔ ِ‬
‫ﻯ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ ِﺭﺯ‪‬ﻭ ﹶﻨ ‪‬ﻪ ﻤﻥ ﻗﹸﻭ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺨــﻼﻕ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﺸﹶــ ِﺭﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﺩﺭﺍﻙ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔﻴ‪‬ﻀ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﹶﻨﺠ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﺨﻠﱠﻑ ﻋﻥ ﻁِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﹶﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻴﻭ‪‬ﺍﻥ ﻤﻥ ﻜـل‬
‫ﺤﻤ‪‬ﻰ ﺍﻹ ﹾﻨﺴ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ِ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﻕ ﺃﻥ ﻗِﻴﺎ ‪‬ﻡ َﺃﭙ‪‬ﻭﻟﱡﻭ ﺒﻬﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻭﻅﻴﻔﺔ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻘ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁﻬ‪‬ـﺭٍ‪ ،‬ﻴﻌ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﺽ ﻭ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺯ ‪‬ﺩ ِﻭﺠ‪‬ﺔ ﹶﻜﻘﹶﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﺴﻁﹶﻰ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﻠﻴﻨـﻲ‬
‫ﺤﻠﹾﻘ ﹰﺔ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺼ ِﺭﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﱠﺭ ِﻗﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺸﹶـ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺩ ﻫـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ِﻤ ‪‬‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﻭﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﺎﺌﺩ ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻤﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻏﻀ‪‬ـﺒ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﻗﺘـل‬
‫ﻁ َﺃﺒ‪‬ﻭﻟﱡـﻭ ﹶ‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘﺸﹶﺎ ﹶ‬
‫ﻓﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﻲ ﻭﺍﻻ ﹾﻨ ِﻔﻌ‪‬ﺎِﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﺩ‪‬ﺍ ِﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻻﱠﺘﺠﺎ ِﻩ ﺍﻟ ِﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻨﺒ‪‬ﺅﺍﺕ َﺃﭙ‪‬ﻭﻟﱡـﻭ ﻤ‪‬ﻭﻀِـ ‪‬ﻊ‬
‫ﻟﻴﻘﺘل ﺒﻬﺎ "ﺇﺴﻜﻠﺒﻴﻭﺱ"؛ ﻓﺤﻜﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺒِﺘ ْﺄﺜِﻴﺭ ﺁﺭﺍﺀ "ﻨِﻴ ﹾﺘﺸﹶـﻪ" ﻭ "ﺇﻴـﺭﻭﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺩﻟﻔﻲ ﺇﺒ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ـﺭ‪‬ﻭﺏ ﺍﻟﺒﻠﻴﺒﻭﻨﻴﺯﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﻠﻭﻗﻴﻥ ﻭﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻙ "ﺃﺩﻤﻴﺘـﻭﺱ"‬
‫ﻥ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺭﻴـﻕ ﻟـﻴﺱ‬
‫ﺭﻭﺩ"‪ .‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺩ ﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫ﺒﺨﺎﺼ‪‬ﺔ؛ ﻭﺫﻟﻙ ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﺯﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺸﱠ ﹶﻐ ﹸ‬
‫ﺼﺎﺤﺏ ﺘﺴﺎﻟﻴﺎ ﻟﻤﺩﺓ ﻋﺎﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﺩﻗﻴﻘﹰﺎ ﻜل ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺩﻗﱠﺔ؛ ﻓﺎﻟﺸﱡﻌﺭﺍﺀ ﻴﺼﻔﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺒﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒل ﻋﻠﻰ ﻨﺤـﻭ ﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺼﻔﹶﺔ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺩلﱡ‬
‫"َﺃﭙ‪‬ﻭﻟﱡﻭ" ﺒﺎﻟﻤ‪‬ﺸﺭِﻕ؛ ﻭﻫﻲ ِ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺭﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺤﺩ‪‬ﺙ ﺍﻵﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﺩِﻴﺜﹶﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺴﻤ‪‬ﻪ ِﺩﻴ‪‬ﻭﻨﻴﺴﻭﺱ؛ ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬
‫ﺠ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌﺘِﻡ‪ ،‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻌ ٍﺔ ﻭﻻ ﺴﻴﻤﺎ ﹸﻨﺒ‪‬ـﻭﺀ‪‬ﺓ‬
‫ﺴ ٍﺔ ﻭ ‪‬ﻤﺭ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ِﺩﺭ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺱ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺃﺴﺨﻴﻠﻭﺱ؛ ﻓﻘﺩ ﻨﺎﺼ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻤ ‪‬‬
‫"ﺁﺭﺠﻭﺱ" ﻭ"ﻜﻭﺭﻭﻨﻴﺱ" ﻤﻥ ﺘﺴﺎﻟﻴﺎ‬
‫ﺃﭙﻭﻟﻭ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺴـﺭﺤﻴﺔ "ﻴﻭﻤﻨﻴـﺩﺱ"‬
‫ﻭﻜﻠﻴﻤﺎﻨﺱ ﻭﻜـﺎﻟﻴﻭﺒﻲ ﻭﺴـﻴﺭﻴﻨﻲ‪،‬‬
‫)ﺁﻟﻬﺔ ﺍﻻ ﹾﻨ ِﺘﻘﹶﺎﻡ( ﻤﻨﻬﺠ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻘﻠﻴ‪‬ـﺎ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭ ﱠﻓﻌ‪‬ﺕ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺩﺍﻓﻨﻲ ﻭﻤﺎﺭﭙﻴﺴـﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ل ﺍﻷﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ ﻴﻘﻭﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺘﹶﻔﻀِـﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻭﺨﻁﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﺤﻭﺭﻴﺔ ﻜﻠﻴﺘﻲ ﻭﻟﻡ ﺘﻭﻓﻕ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﺭ‪‬ﻯ ﺴﻭﻓﻭﻜﻠﻴﺱ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻭﺇﺴﻜﻠﺒﻴﻭﺱ ﻭﺃﺭﻴﺴﺘﺎﻴﻭﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﻗﻀ‪‬ﻰ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻴﺘِﻪ "ﺃُﻭﺩﻴﺏ ‪‬ﻤِﻠﻜﹰﺎ" ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻤ ِﺯﻴ‪‬ـ ﹶﺔ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫َﺃﭙ‪‬ﻭﻟﱡﻭ ﺒﻌﺩ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻭِﻟﺩِﻩ ﻋﺎﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻤﺎل‬
‫ﺃﭙ‪‬ﻭﻟﻭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘﻨﹶﺒـﺅ‪ ،‬ﻴﺴـﺘﻁﻴﻊ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻗﺼﻰ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﹶﺫﻫ‪‬ﺏ‪ ‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺩﻟﻔﻲ؛ ﺤﻴﺙ‬
‫ﻴﺤﺼﻠﻬﺎ ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩِﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﻬـﻡ‬
‫ل "ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺘﻭﻥ" ﻭﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﺜﱡﻌﺒﺎﻥ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬
‫ﹶﻗ ﹶﺘ َ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻌﺭﻜﺘﻪ ﻤﻊ "ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺘﻭﻥ" ﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﹰﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﺭﻤﺯ ﻟﺭﺤﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻤﺱ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻤﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻨﻭﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﺑﻮ ﻣ‪‬ﻌ‪‬ﺸ‪‬ﺮ‬
‫ﻭﻤــﻥ َﺃ ‪‬ﺒﻨﹶﺎﺌِــ ِﻪ ﺃﻭﺭﻓﻴــﻭﺱ‬
‫‪ABU MA'SHAR‬‬
‫ﻋﻤ‪‬ـﺭ‬
‫ﻫﻭ ﺠ‪‬ﻌ ﹶﻔ ‪‬ﺭ ﺒﻥ ﻤﺤﻤﺩ ﺒﻥ ‪‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﻼﺘﹸـﻪ‬
‫ﺤﹶ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﻔﺴ‪ ‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻭِﻟ ‪‬ﺩ َﺃﭙ‪‬ﻭﻟﱡـﻭ ﻭ ِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺫﱠﻜﺎﺀ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻘﺩ ﻜﺎﻥ َﺃﭙ‪‬ﻭﻟﱡﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻤﺜﱢ ُ‬
‫ﺤﺒ‪‬ﺕ ﺃﭙﻭﻟﻭ "ﭙﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ" ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ َﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﻡ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺠل ﺴﻼﻤﺔ ﺍﻷُﺴـﺭﺓ‬
‫ﻋﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻨـﺩ ﺃﺤـﺩ‬
‫ﺃﭙﻭﻟﻭ ﺒﺄﻥ ﻴﺨﺩﻡ ﺭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﻑ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻋﺭِ ﹶ‬
‫ﻲ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒ ﹾﻠﺨِﻲ‪ ،‬ﻤ ﹶﻨﺠ‪‬ﻡ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻭﺭﻭﺒﺎ ﺍﻟﻐﺭﺒﻴﺔ ﺒﺎﺴﻡ ﺃﻟﺒﻭﻤﺎﺴـﺎﺭ‪،‬‬
‫ﺸﻬ‪‬ﻭﺭ‬
‫ﺼﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻟﻠﻔﻴﻠﺴﻭﻑ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾ‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻤﻌ‪‬ﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻱ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﹸﻌـﺯ‪‬ﻯ ﺸﹸـﻬ ‪‬ﺭ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻪ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ِﻜ ﹾﻨ ِﺩ ‪‬‬
‫‪١٩‬‬
‫ﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻭﺍﺴِﻁ ﺴﻨﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻨﺠﻴﻡ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﺘﹸﻭ ﱢﻓ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﻴﻥ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻭﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻘِﺭﺍﻨﹶﺎﺕ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﻤﺎﻨﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﻗـﺩ ﺍﻨﺘﺸـﺭﺕ‬
‫‪٢٧٢‬ﻫـــ )‪٨٨٦‬ﻡ(‪ .‬ﻭﻴ‪‬ــ ‪‬ﺭﻭِﻱ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴ‪‬ﻨﺴ‪‬ﺏ ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﺒﻲ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌﺸﹶﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋِﺒﺎ ‪‬ﺩﺘﹸﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺭ‪‬ﺓ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺒﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺒﻌﺩ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔِﻬﺭﺴﺕ ﻋﻥ ﺍﺒﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻜﺘِﻔﻲ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺒـﺎ‬
‫ﺴﻁﹶﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤ‪‬ﺅﻟﱠﻔﺎﺕ ﺸﹶـﺘﱠﻰ‪،‬‬
‫ﻤﻌﺸﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺴﻨﺩ ﺒﻥ ﻋﻠﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺒﺨﺎﺼ‪‬ﺔ ﻤﺅﻟﻔﺎ ِ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺼﻨﱠﻔﺎﺕ ﻋﺩﻴـﺩﺓ‬
‫ﻭﻷﺒﻲ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌﺸﹶﺭ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻨﺫﻜﺭ ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‪:‬‬
‫ﻷ ‪‬ﺯﻴ‪‬ﺎﺝ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺩ‬
‫ﺠﻤ‪‬ﻭﻋ ﹰﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍ َ‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ـﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺭ ﹶﻜـ‬
‫ـﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼ ـ ‪‬ﺩ ﻓﻴﻬـ‬
‫ﹸﻓ ِﻘ ـﺩ‪‬ﺕ‪ ،‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺎﺏ‬
‫ـﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻜِﺘـ‬
‫ـﺕ" ﻭﻫـ‬
‫)‪" (٤‬ﺍﻟ ﱡﻨ ﹶﻜـ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ِﻜ ﹾﻠ ِﺘﻴ‪‬ﻴﻥ ﺤـﺎ ‪‬ﺭﺒ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﻤـﻊ ﺍﻟﺠﻴـﻭﺵ‬
‫ﺘﹶﻠﺨِﻴﺹ ﻟﻠﺭ‪‬ﺴﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺎﺒﻘﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻷﻟﹸــﻭﻑ ﻓــﻲ ‪‬ﺒﻴ‪‬ــﻭﺕ‬
‫)‪" (٥‬ﺍ ُ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﻤﺎﻨﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﻅﻬﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻵﺜﺎﺭ ﻭﻫﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ِﻌﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩ‪‬ﺍﺕ"؛ ﻭﻫﻭ ِﺩﺭ‪‬ﺍﺴ‪‬ﺔ ﻟﻠ ‪‬ﻤﻌ‪‬ﺎﺒِﺩ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻁ ِﻌ ‪‬ﻡ ‪‬ﻤﻬ‪‬ﻭﺭ‪‬ﺍ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﺠﻭ‪‬ﺍﺩ‪‬ﺍ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺘﹸ ﹾ‬
‫ﺘ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘﻁِﻲ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﻜل ﺃﻟﻑ ﻋﺎﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﺠﻴ‪‬ﺎﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺜﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤﺎ ﺘﺒﺩﻭ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻁ ﺒﻬﺎ ِ‬
‫ﹸﺘﺤِﻴ ﹸ‬
‫)‪ " (٦‬ﻤﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟِﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺠﺎل ﻭﺍﻟﻨﱢﺴﺎﺀ"؛‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﻷ ‪‬ﻤﻬ‪‬ـﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺕﺍُ‬
‫ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻵﺜﺎﺭ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺭﺒ‪‬ـﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻭ ﺭِﺴﺎﻟﹶﺔ ﻓﻲ ﹶ‬
‫ﻁﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟِـﻊ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺠـﺎل‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜ ﹾﻠ ِﺘﻴ‪‬ﺎﺕِ؛ ﻤﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺩلﱡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﺭﺒـﺔ‬
‫ﺏ ﺃَﻴﻀ‪‬ـﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﻌﺘﻘـﺩ ﺃﻨﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬‬
‫ِﻟ ﹾﻠ ِ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﱢﺴﺎﺀ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻘﺴ‪‬ﻤﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﺜﻨـﻲ ﻋﺸـﺭ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺨﱢ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻜﻭ‪‬ﺍﻜِﺏ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺴﺎﺱ ﹶ‬
‫ﻁ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺯﻭ‪‬ﺍل‪.‬‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﺸﺎﻉ ﺍﻋﺘﻘـﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﺒـﺄﻥ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻔ ‪‬ﺭﺴ‪‬ـﺎ ‪‬‬
‫)‪" (٢‬ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺩﺨﹶل ﺍﻟ ﹶﻜﺒِﻴـﺭ"؛ ﻭﻫـﻭ‬
‫ِﺭﺴ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﺔ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻘﺴ‪‬ﻤﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺜﻤﺎﻨﻴﺔ ﹸﻜﺘﹸﺏ ﻟـﻡ‬
‫ﺠﻤ‪‬ﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ‬
‫ﹸﺘ ﹾﻨﺸﹶﺭ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺒﺎﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﹸﺭ ِ‬
‫ﻼﺘِﻴﻨﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻤﺭﺘﻴﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﺸﻤل ﻋ‪‬ﺭﻀ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻥ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻟﻨﻅﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺩ‪‬؛ ﺤﺘﻰ ﺇﻨﻪ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻤﻜِـ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﺇﻥ ﺃﻭﺭﻭﺒـﺎ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺼ‪‬ـﻭﺭ‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﻘﺎ َ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻭ‪‬ﺴﻁﹶﻰ ﺘﻌﻠﱠﻤـﺕ ﻗـﻭﺍﻨﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱠﻅﺭﻴﺔ ﹶﺘﺸﹸﻭﺒ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭﺍﺕ ﺃﻗـﺭﺏ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺨﻴﺎل؛ ﺇﺫ ﺠﻌل ﺃﺒﻭ ﻤﻌﺸـﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻘﻤ‪‬ﺭ‪ ‬ﻴ‪‬ﺅﺜﱢﺭ ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ـﺎ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻴـﺎﺡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﻤﺭ ﺒﺄَﺴﺭﻩ‪.‬‬
‫)‪" (٣‬ﺃَﺤﻜﹶــﺎﻡ ﺘﹶﺤﻭِﻴــل ﺴِــﻨِﻲ‬
‫ﺴﻜﹸﻭﺭﻴ‪‬ﺎل‪ ،‬ﻜﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﺨﻁﹸﻭﻁﹰﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻹ ‪‬‬
‫ﻴﻭﺠﺩ ﻤﺨﻁﻭﻁ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ ﺍﻷﻫﻠﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻪ ﹶ‬
‫ﺒﺒﺎﺭﻴﺱ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸﺒ‪‬ﻪٍ ﻜﺒﻴـﺭ‬
‫ﺃﺑﻮ ﻣِﻘﹶﺺ‪EARWIG ‬‬
‫ﻁﹶﻠﻕﹸ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻭِﻻﻴ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﱠﺘ ِﺤﺩ‪‬ﺓ ﺃﺑﻮ ﺍﻟﻨ‪‬ﺠﻢ ﺍﻟﻔﹶﻀ‪‬ﻞ‬
‫ﺍﺴﻡ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ﺸﺭ‪‬ﺓِ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺌِﻴ ِﻨﻴ‪‬ـﺔ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ـﻐﻴﺭﺓ‪،‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺤ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ل ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﺤﺸﹶﺭﺓ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘﺴ‪‬ﱠﻠ ُ‬
‫ﻭﻴﻘﺎل ﺇﻥ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫‪ABU AL-NAJM AL‬‬‫‪FADL‬‬
‫ﺁﺫﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎﺱ ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺘﻬِ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺦﱠ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﻌﺘﻘـﺩ‬
‫ﺠﻠِﻲ‪،‬‬
‫ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻔﻀ‪‬ل ﺒﻥ ﹸﻗﺩ‪‬ﺍﻤ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟ ِﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺨُ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎﺱ ﺃﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺭﺀ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﺘﹶـ ‪‬ﺩ ﹸ‬
‫ﺸﺭ‪ ‬ﹸﺓ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺭﻗﹸـ ‪‬ﺩ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ُﺃ ﹸﺫ ﹶﻨ ‪‬ﻪ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺤ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﻀ ‪‬ﻊ ُﺃ ﹸﺫﻨﹶـ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺼ‪‬ـﺎﺒ‪‬ﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ‪‬ﺭﺽِ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺘﹸﺭ ‪‬ﺒﺘﹸﻬﺎ ﺤ‪‬ـﺩِﻴﺜﹰﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﺽ ﹸﻗِﻠ ‪‬ﺒ ﹾ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃَﺭ ٍ‬
‫ﺝ‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸﺭ‪ ‬ﹶﺓ ﺴﻭﻑ ﹶﺘ ﹾ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﻘﹸﻭﻟﹸﻭﻥ ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﺤ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﻫﺎﺭِﺒ ﹰﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍ ُ‬
‫ﻷﺫﹸﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﺇﭘﻮﻧﺎ ‪EPONA‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬ﻴلِ ﻓﻲ ﺒﻼﺩ ﺍﻟﻐﹶﺎل ﻗﹶﺒـ َ‬
‫‪‬ﺭﺒ‪ ‬ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﺼ ِﺭ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﻤﺎﻨﻲ‪‬؛ ﻭﻫﻲ ﺤﺎﺭِﺴـﺔ‬
‫ﺤﻤِﻴﺭ ﻭﺍﻟ ِﺒﻐﹶـﺎل‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺭﺍﻋِﻴﺔ ِﻟ ﹾﻠﺨﹶﻴل ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻜل ﻤﺎ ﻴﺘﻌﻠﹼﻕ ﺒﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻫـﻲ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺒـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜ ﹾﻠ ِﺘﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻭﺤِﻴﺩ‪‬ﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻴﻀﻤ‪‬ﻬﺎ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﺜﻭ‪‬ﻯ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﻲ ﻋﺎﺵ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻘـﺭﻥ‬
‫ﺸﺎﻋﺭ ﻋﺭﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﻭل ﺍﻟﻬﺠﺭﻱ )ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻊ ﻭﺍﻟﺜـﺎﻤﻥ‬
‫ﻲ ﺒﻌـﺩ ﻋـﺎﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﻼﺩﻴﻴﻥ(‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﹸـﻭ ﱢﻓ ‪‬‬
‫‪١٠٥‬ﻫـ )‪ .(٧٢٤‬ﻭﻗـ ِﺩ ﺍﺸﹾـ ﹸﺘ ِﻬ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ل ﻓﻴﻬــﺎ‬
‫ـﻲ ﹶﺘﻨﹶــﺎﻭ‪َ ‬‬
‫ﺒــﺄﺭﺍﺠﻴﺯﻩ ﺍﻟﺘـ‬
‫ﺠﻤ‪‬ﺎل‬
‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺩ ِﻭﻴ‪‬ﺔ ) ‪‬ﻭﺼ‪‬ﻑ ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺨﻴ‪‬ل ﻭﺍﻟ ﹸﻔﻬ‪‬ﻭﺩ‪ ...‬ﺇﻟﺦ(‪ .‬ﻭﻴﻀﻌﻪ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱡﻨﻘﱠﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﻓﻲ ‪‬ﺯﻤ‪‬ﺭ ِﺓ ﺍﻷﺭﺒﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺴـﺒ‪‬ﺎﻗﻴﻥ‬
‫ﻏﻠﹶـﺏ ﻭ ﹶﺘﻤِـﻴﻡ‬
‫ﻷﹾ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺭﺠ‪‬ﺯ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻡ ﺍ َ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﻟﻴﺩ"‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻭﺠﺩ ﺍﻷﺼل ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒـﻲ‬
‫ﻭ ﹸﻨ ‪‬ﻤﻭ‪‬ﻫﺎ ﻭ ِﺭﻋ‪‬ﺎﻴ ِﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻬ‪‬ﻭﺭ‪.‬‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﻁ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻁﹶﺭ ﻭﻋﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﻤـﺎ ﺘﺤـﺕ‬
‫ﺴﻘﹸﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻭ‪‬‬
‫ﻼ‪.‬‬
‫ﻓﹶﺼ ﹰ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺠﺯ‪‬ﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺭ ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﻫﺫﻩ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺨﻴ‪‬ـ ِ‬
‫ﺨﺼ‪‬ـﻭﺒ ِﺔ ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺌﻭﻟﺔ ﻋـﻥ ﹸ‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫ﻭﻋﺠ‪‬ﺎﺝ ﻭﺍﺒﻨﻪ ‪‬ﺭ ْﺅﺒ‪‬ـﺔ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﺼِـ ﹸ‬
‫ﺤﻜﹰﺎ ﻭ‪ ‬ﹶﻗﻊ‪‬‬
‫ﻀِ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﻁﱠﺒﻘﺎﺕ ‪‬ﻤﻨﹾﻅﺭ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻜِﺘﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺤﻤ‪‬ـ َ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ِﻤ ‪‬ﺭﺒ‪‬ﺩ ﻷﺒﻲ ﺍﻟـﻨﱠﺠﻡ؛ ﺇﺫ ‪‬‬
‫‪٢٠‬‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤﻠِﻪ ﻭﻫﻭ ﻴﺭﻜﺒـﻪ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻨﺎﻗﹶـ ِﺔ‬
‫ِﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﺸﺩ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﺒﻴـ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺠ‪‬ﺎﺝ ﻭﻫﻭ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﹶﻓَﺄ ﹾﻨ ﹶ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺸﻬ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾ‬
‫ﻋ ٍﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﺸﹶﺭ‬
‫ل ﺸﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺇﻨﹼﻲ ﻭﻜ ﱡ‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﻴﻁﹶﺎﻨِﻲ ﹶﺫﻜﹶﺭ‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﻴﻁﹶﺎﻨﹸﻪ ُﺃ ﹾﻨﺜﹶﻰ ﻭ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺃﺑﻮ ﻧ‪‬ﻀ‪‬ﺎﺭ‪‬ﺓ‬
‫‪ABU NADDARA‬‬
‫"‪١٩١٢ – ١٨٣٩‬ﻡ "‬
‫‪ABU NOWAS‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺒﻥ ﻫﺎﻨﺊ ﺍﻟﺤﻜﻤـﻲ‪،‬‬
‫ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﺤﺴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ـ َﺅﻟﱢﻔﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺴﻤ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﺒﻌـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﺠﻴﺯ‪‬ﺓ‪ ،‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸﻌ‪‬ﺭﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺏ ﺸﹸـﻬ ‪‬ﺭ ﹰﺓ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻅ ‪‬ﻡ ﹸ‬
‫ﺃَﻋ ﹶ‬
‫ـﺎ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﻑ ﺃﻴـ‬
‫ـ ‪‬ﺭ ﹸ‬
‫ـﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻴﻌ‪‬ـ‬
‫ـ ﹶﻨﻡ‪ "‬ﻭﻜـ‬
‫"ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ـ‬
‫ﻷ ‪‬ﻫﻭ‪‬ﺍﺯ‬
‫ﺴﻴ‪‬ﻴﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﺩ ﺒـﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋﺼﺭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺒ‪‬ﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻲ "ﺒﻠﻬﻴـﺕ"‬
‫ﻁ‪‬‬
‫ﺴﻤِﻪ ﺍﻟ ِﻘ ‪‬ﺒ ِ‬
‫ﻁ ِﻤﻴ‪‬ﻴﻥ ﺒِﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎ ِ‬
‫)‪٧٦٢ – ٧٤٧‬ﻡ(‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﺎﺕ ﺒﺒﻐـﺩﺍﺩ‬
‫ﻲ "ﺃﺒﻭ ﺍﻟﻬ‪‬ﻭل" ﺼِـﻴﻐﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺴﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺴﻨﺘﻲ ‪١٤٥ – ١٣٠‬ﻫــ‬
‫ﺨ ﹶﺘﺼ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺃﻭ "ﺒﻠﻬﺏ"‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺭﺠ‪‬ﺢ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾ‬
‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺴﻨﺘﻲ ‪٢٠٠ – ١٩٨‬ﻫــ‬
‫ﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻁ‪‬‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﻌ ِﺒﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻤ‪‬ﺄﺨﹸﻭﺫﺓ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻻﺴ ِﻡ ﺍﻟ ِﻘ ‪‬ﺒ ِ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫)‪٨١٥ – ٨١٣‬ﻡ(‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ِﻟ ﹾﻠ ِﻐﻠﹾﻤـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﺠِﺴﻤ‪‬ﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻭ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺸﹶـﻜلِ‬
‫ﺨﻤ‪‬ﺭ ﺸﺄﻥ ﻜﺒﻴﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻴﺎﺓ ﺃﺒـﻲ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﻷﺴ‪‬ﺩ‪ ،‬ﻤﻁﹾﻤﻭﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻤﺎل ﺨﻼل‬
‫ﺍَ‬
‫ﻉ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻐﻨﱡﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺘﺄﺨﱢﺭﻭﻥ‬
‫ﹸﻨﻭ‪‬ﺍﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﻨ ‪‬ﺯ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﺼﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻭ‪‬ﺴﻁﹶﻰ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻡ ﻴ‪‬ﻜﺸﻑ ﻋﻨﻪ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺒﻥ ﺭﻓﺎﺌﻴل ﺼﻨﱡﻭﻉ ﻜﺎﺘﺏ‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﻌﻘﹸﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ل ِﻓ ‪‬ﺭﻋ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻭ ِﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﻲ ِﻟ ِﺘ ‪‬ﻤﺜﹶﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺴ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺼﺤﻔﻲ ﻭﻜﺎﺘﺏ ﻤﺴـﺭﺤﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﻗـﺩ‬
‫ﻨﺸﺭ ﺼﺤﻴﻔﺔ "ﺃﺒﻭ ﻨﻀﺎﺭﺓ ﺯﺭﻗـﺎ"‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺘﹸﻁﺒ‪‬ﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﻭﺘﹸﺭﻭ‪‬ﺡ‬
‫ﻋﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺀ ﺒ ‪‬ﺭﺴ‪‬ـﻭﻤﺎﺕ ‪‬ﻫﺯ‪‬ﻟﻴ‪‬ـﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﹸﺤﺭ‪‬ﺭ ﺒﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻼﺤﻴﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻡ ﺘﻅﻬﺭ‬
‫ﺤﻔِﻪ ﺸﺨﺼﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺃﺒﻲ ﻨﻀـﺎﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺼ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﺩ‪ ‬ﹸﺓ‬
‫ﻓﺤﺴﺏ‪ ،‬ﺒل ﻅﻬﺭﺕ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌ ِﺒﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒﺨﺎﺼ‪‬ﺔ ﺸﻴﺦ‬
‫ﻁﻤ‪‬ﺎﻉ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎ ‪‬ﺭﺓ ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺴﺭ‪‬ﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﱠـﺤ‪‬ﺎﺫِﻴﻥ‪ ...‬ﺇﻟـﺦ‪.‬‬
‫ﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺁﺭﺍﺀ‪‬ﻫﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺼﻭﺭﺓ ﺤِﻭﺍﺭ ﻭﺭﺴﺎﺌل‬
‫ﻭﻤﺴﺭﺤﻴﺎﺕ ﻗﺼﻴﺭﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﻭل‬
‫ﺼﺤ‪‬ﻑ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺎﺨِﺭﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴـﺭﺤﻴﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﺯِﻟﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﺑﻮ ﻧ‪‬ﻮ‪‬ﺍﺱ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﺍﺭﺘﺒﻁ ﺍﺴﻡ ﺃﺒﻲ ﻨـﻭﺍﺱ ﺍﺭﺘﺒﺎﻁﹰـﺎ‬
‫ﺨﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﹶﻓ ﹸﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻜـﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﱠـﺎﺱ‬
‫ﹶﺘﺸﹸﻭ ‪‬ﺒﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟ ﹸ‬
‫‪‬ﻭﺜِﻴﻘﹰﺎ ﺒﺎﺴﻡ ﻫﺎﺭﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﺭﺸﻴﺩ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬
‫ﻴﻨﺴﺒﻭﻥ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻗﻭ‪‬ﺓ ﺴِﺤ ِﺭﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻴـﻭﻟﻲ‬
‫ﻼ ﹶﻓﺔِ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺭﺩ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﺴـﻤ‪‬ﻪ‬
‫ﺨﹶ‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﻤﺜﱢل ُﺃ ‪‬ﺒﻬ‪ ‬ﹶﺔ ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﱢﻤﺜﺎل ﻅﹶﻬﺭ‪‬ﻩ ﻟﻠﺼ‪‬ﺤﺭﺍﺀ‪ .‬ﻭ ﹶﺜ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺔ‬
‫ﺤﻜﹶﺎﻴ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻌ ِﺒﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﻜﺜﻴﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻭﺩﺨﹶل ﻓﻲ ﺃﻟﻑ ﻟﻴﻠـﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﻠـﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻻ‬
‫ﺭِﻭﺍﻴﺔ ﺘﺫﻫﺏ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺒـﺎ ﺍﻟﻬ‪‬ـﻭل‬
‫ﺼﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺤﺒ‪‬ﺒﺔ‬
‫ﻴﺯﺍل ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻡ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺨ ِ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺼﺹ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒﻲ؛ ﺤﻴﺙ ﻴﻘـﻭﻡ‬
‫ﻙ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﻼﹶﻁ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﺭﺘﺒﻁ ﺍﺴﻡ‬
‫ﺤِ‬
‫ﻀِ‬
‫‪‬ﻤﻘﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻡ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﺒﻲ ﻨﻭﺍﺱ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﺍﻴ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻌ ِﺒﻴ‪‬ﺔ‬
‫ﺼﻨﹶﻡ ﻟﻸﺸﻤﻭﻡ ﺍﻟﺨﺭﺍﻓﻲ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻜﺎﻥ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻥ ﻟﻪ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻘﺭ‪‬ﺍﺒِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺎ ِﺒ َﺌ ﹸﺔ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﺩﻤ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁِﻠﻘﹸـﻭﻥ ﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺠﺎﺝ ﺍﻷﺒﻴﺽ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﺨﹸﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﹶﺑﻴﭗ ﺃﻭ ﺃﭘ‪‬ﻮﻓﻴﺲ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﺠﺤ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺜﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤﺎ ﹸﻨﺴِـ ‪‬ﺒ ﹾ‬
‫ﺒﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ ‪‬‬
‫ﺱ ﻭ ‪‬ﺒﻠﹶـﻎ‬
‫ﺠﺤ‪‬ﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﺒﻲ ﹸﻨﻭ‪‬ﺍ ِ‬
‫ﹶﻨﻭ‪‬ﺍ ِﺩ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫‪APEP OR APOPHIS‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺸﹸﻬ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺓ ﺃﺒﻲ ﹸﻨﻭ‪‬ﺍﺱ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻷﺩ‪‬ﺏ‬
‫ـﻴ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﻋـ‬
‫ـﻤﺱ ﻭ ‪‬ﺯ ِ‬
‫ﺸـ‬
‫ـﻪ ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻋ ـ ‪‬ﺩﻭ‪ ‬ﺇﻟـ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻲ ﺃﻥ ﺍﺴﻤﻪ ﺍﺸﹾـ ﹸﺘ ِﻬ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹸﻔﻜﹶﺎ ِﻫ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻷﻗﺎﻟﻴﻡ ﺍﻹﻓﺭﻴﻘﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ‬
‫ل ﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﺤ‪‬ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺤلﱡ ﻤ‪‬ﺤ‪َ ‬‬
‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﹶﺑ‪‬ﻮ ﺍﳍﹶﻮﻝ ‪SPHINX‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺇﻥ ﺃﺒﺎ ﻨﻀﺎﺭﺓ ﻜـﺎﻥ ﻫـﻭ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻨﺸِـﺊ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ِﻐ ﹾﻠﻤ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﺒﻲ ﻨﹸـﻭ‪‬ﺍﺱ‪ .‬ﻭﻗـﺩ‬
‫ِﺭﻤ‪‬ﺎل ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺤﺭﺍﺀ ﻨﹶﻅـﺭ ﹶﺓ ﺨﹶـﻭﻑ‪،‬‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼـﻴﺎﺕ ﹸﺘﺒ‪‬ـﺩِﻱ‬
‫ـﺭ‬
‫ـﻌﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺨﻤـ‬
‫ـﻊ ﺃﺸـ‬
‫ـﺎﻓﺔ ﺠﻤﻴـ‬
‫ﺇﻀـ‬
‫ﻴﻨﻅﺭﻭﻥ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺭﺃﺴِﻪ ﺍﻟﺒـﺎﺭِﺯ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺸﺨﺼﻴﺎﺕ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺯﻋ‪‬ﺔ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﻴـﺎﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺘﺠﻭﻟﻭﻥ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻭﺍﺭﻉ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﺇﻻ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪١٨١٧‬ﻡ‪ .‬ﻭﻜـﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ـﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻴﺎﻁِﻴﻥ ﺍﻟـﺫﻴﻥ ﺘﻐﻠﱠﺒـﺕ ﻋﻠـﻴﻬﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻤﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺩ ﺭﻤـﺯ‪‬ﺍ ﻟﻠﻌﺎﺼِـﻔﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺭﺍﻉ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺱ ﻭﺍﻟﻅﱠـﻼﻡ‪،‬‬
‫ﻜﻤﺎ ﺠﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻤِﺼ ِﺭﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪٢١‬‬
‫ﻭﺠﻪ ﻗﹶﺒﻴﺢ ‪‬ﻤﺨِﻴﻑ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻓﻲ ﺼ‪‬ـﻭﺭ‪‬ﺓ‬
‫ﺠ ِﺭﻴ‪‬ـ ٍﺔ‬
‫ﺤ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﺎﺌﻘﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺩ ﹾﻓﻨِﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﹶﺘﻭ‪‬ﺍﺒِﻴﺕ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴﻤﻜﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﺒﺩﻭ ﺃﻨﻪ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺼل‬
‫ﻁﻴ‪‬ـﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﻋﺩ‪‬ﺓ ﹶ‬
‫ﻥ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺘﻑﱟ ﻓﻲ ِ‬
‫ﺜﹸﻌﺒ‪‬ﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻀﺨﻤﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻀـﻔﺎﺀ ﻜـل ‪‬ﻤﻌ‪‬ـﺎﻨِﻲ‬
‫ﻱ ﺍﻷﺴﻤﺎﻙ؛ ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺼﻴ‪‬ﺎ ِﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﺇﻟﻪ ﻁﺎﺌِ ﹶﻔﺔِ ‪‬‬
‫ﺜﻌﺒﺎﻥ ﻟﻪ ﺭﺃﺱ ﺇﻨﺴﺎﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﻘـﺎل ﺇﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾﻘﺩِﻴﺱ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻤﻤـﺎ ﻴ‪‬ـ ﹾﺫ ﹶﻜ ‪‬ﺭ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻅ‬
‫ﻥ ﺩﺍﺌﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺒﺎﻟﺤ ﱢ‬
‫ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﺠﻌﻠﻪ ﻴ‪ ‬ﹾﻘ ﹶﺘﺭِ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻭ*ﺃﻭﺯﻴﺭﻴﺱ( ﺘﹸﺤـﺎﺭِﺏ ﺃﺒﻴﺒـﻲ‬
‫ﺘﹶﺭﺠِﻊ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻋﻬﺩ ﺍﻷﺴﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺩِﺴـﺔ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺼﻭ‪ ‬ﺭ ﻓﻲ ﻫ‪‬ﻴﺌﺔ ﺘِﻤﺴ‪‬ﺎﺡ ﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﺜﱠﺘﻪ ﺒﻌﻨﺎﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻤﺎﺀ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺘﹶﺤﻨِﻴﻁ ‪‬‬
‫ﹶﻗﺼ‪‬ﺒ ﹰﺔ ﻟﺼﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻤﻙ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺤﺕ ﺇ ‪‬ﺒﻁِﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠــﻤﺱ )*ﺤ‪‬ــﻭﺭ‪‬ﺱ ﺃﻭ *ﺭ‪‬ﻉ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺤﹶﻠﺘِﻬ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻴل ﻓﻲ ﺭِ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁﻭ‪‬ﺍ َ‬
‫ﺸﻴ‪‬ﺎﻁِﻴﻨﻪ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﹶ‬
‫ﻁﻌ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟﻐﹶـﺭ‪‬ﺏ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺭﻕ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﺘﺨﺭﺝ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻜـﺔ‬
‫ﺃﹶﭘِﻴﺲ‬
‫‪APIS‬‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻴﻭ‪‬ﺍﻨﹶـﺎﺕِ‬
‫ل َﺃﺒِـﻴﺱ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋِﺠ ُ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻘﺩ‪‬ﺴﺔ ﻋﻨﺩ ﻗـﺩﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻤﺼـﺭﻴﻴﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺎ ِﺭﺯ‪‬ﺓ ﻟﻬﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻌِﺠـل‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻘﺩ‪‬ﺱ ﺃﻥ ﻴﻜﻭﻥ ﺃَﺴﻭﺩ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻋ ﹸﻨ ِﻘ ِﻪ ﻭﻅﹶﻬـﺭِﻩ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻬ ِﺘ ِﻪ ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﹶﺑِﻴﻜﹸﻮ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺸﺭﻴﻥ؛ ﺃﻱ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻨﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻊ‬
‫ﻑ ﻫﺫﻩ‬
‫ﺼ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺎﺩﺱ ﻗﺒل ﺍﻟﻤﻴﻼﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﺘ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻴ‪‬ﻭﺭ‪‬ﻭﺒ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻏﺭﺏ ﺇﻓﺭﻴﻘﻴﺔ؛ ﻭﻫﻲ‬
‫ل َﺃﺒِﻴﺱ‪.‬‬
‫ﺠِ‬
‫ﻋ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻠﱢﻔﺎﻓﺔ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺘﹶﺤﻨِﻴﻁ ِ‬
‫ﻁﻔﹶﺎل‪ ،‬ﺇﺫ ﺇﻨﻬـﺎ ﻻ‬
‫ﻸ ﹾ‬
‫ﺃﺭﻭﺍﺡ ﻤ‪‬ﺅﺫِﻴ ﹲﺔ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋﺜﹶـ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﱠﻤـﺔ ﺍﻷﺜـﺭﻱ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸﺒ‪‬ﻊ ﻭﻻ ﺘﹶﺭ ﹶﺘﻭِﻱ ﻤﻬﻤﺎ ﺘﻨﺎﻭﻟﺕ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﹶﺘ ﹾ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ ﻜﺎﻥ َﺃﺒِـﻴﺱ ﻓـﻲ ﻤِﺼـﺭ‬
‫ﺠﺴ‪‬ـ ِﺩﻴ‪‬ﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻤﺔ ﺭﻤـﺯ‪‬ﺍ ﻟﻠﻘﹸـﻭ‪‬ﺓ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻹﺨﺼﺎﺏ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ ‪‬ﻤﻨﹾـﻑ‬
‫ﺍﻗﺘﺭﻨﺕ ﺒﻌﺒﺎﺩ‪‬ﺓ ﺍﻹﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻴﺭ"* ﺒﺘﹶﺎﺡ"‬
‫ﻕ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ ﻗـﺩﻤﺎ ‪‬ﺀ‬
‫ﻁﻠﹶـ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻥ ﻫﻨـﺎ َﺃ ﹾ‬
‫ﺸﺭ‪‬ﺍﺏ؛ ﻭﻟـﺫﻟﻙ ﺘﺴـﻌ‪‬ﻰ‬
‫ﻁﻌ‪‬ﺎﻡ ﺃﻭ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ـﺭﺍﺕ‬
‫ﺸـ‬
‫ﻋﹶ‬
‫ـﻥ ‪‬‬
‫ـﻭﻥ ﻤـ‬
‫ﺴ ـﻘﱠﺎﺭ‪‬ﺓ ﺘﺘﻜـ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺩﺍﺌﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻭل ﻋﻠﻰ ‪‬ﺒ ﹾﻐ ‪‬ﻴﺘِﻬﺎ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﺤﺠ‪‬ﺭﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒﺩﺍﺨل ﻜـل ﺤﺠـﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﱠﻌﺎﻡ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﱠﺭﺍﺏ ﺒﺎﻟﺘﱠﺴﻠﱡل ﺇﻟﻰ ﺠﺴﻡ‬
‫ﺤﻨﱠﻁﺔ ﻟﻬﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺠ ﱠﺜ ﹲﺔ ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺘﺎﺒ‪‬ﻭﺕ ﻀﺨﻡ ﺒﻪ ‪‬‬
‫ﺹ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻟـﺩﺍﻥ‪،‬‬
‫ﻁﻔل ﻤﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻬﺫﺍ ﻴ‪‬ﺤ ِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻘﺩ‪‬ﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫـﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺒـﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺠِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ِﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ـﻰ‬
‫ـل‪ ،‬ﻋﻠـ‬
‫ـﺎﻥ ﺒﻁﻔـ‬
‫ـﺩﻤﺎ ﻴ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺯ ﹶﻗـ‬
‫ﻋﻨـ‬
‫ﺘﻌﺭﻑ ﺒﺎﺴﻡ "ﺍﻟﺴﺭﺍﺒﻴﻭﻡ"‪ .‬ﻭﺒﻠﻎ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻠﻴﺹ ﻁﻔﻠﻬﻤﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺸﹶـ ‪‬ﺭ َﺃﺒِﻴﻜﹸـﻭ‪،‬‬
‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺱ ﻗﺩﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻤﺼـﺭﻴﻴﻥ ﻟﻠﻌﺠـل‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻌﻤ‪‬ﻬﻡ ﺠﻤﻴﻌ‪‬ﺎ ﻴ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻡ ‪‬ﻭﻓﹶﺎﺓ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻌِﺠل‪،‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﻭﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻌﺜﹸﺭ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻜﻬ‪ ‬ﹶﻨ ﹸﺔ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻋِﺠـ ٍ‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺒﺸِـ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﺃﺒـﻴﺱ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩ ﻟﻪ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤِﺼﺭﻴ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﹸﺩ‪‬ﻤﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﺨﹶﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﻤﺘﻠﺊ‬
‫ﺴﺭ‪‬ﻭﺭ‪‬ﺍ‪.‬‬
‫ﹸﻗﻠﹸﻭﺒ‪‬ﻬﻡ ﻓﹶﺭﺤ‪‬ﺎ ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻴﻴﻥ ﻟﻘﺏ "ﺭ‪‬ﻭﺡ ﺒﺘﺎﺡ"‪ ،‬ﻜﻤـﺎ ﺇﺑﻴﺴ‪‬ﻮ‬
‫ﻁﻌ‪‬ﺎﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﻤﺎﻜﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻤل‬
‫ﻀ ِﻊ ﹶ‬
‫ﺒ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻭﺠ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺩ ﺃﺒﻴﻜﻭ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩﻕﱡ ﺍﻵﺒـﺎﺀ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺃﺠﺭﺍﺴ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻨـﺩﻤﺎ ﻴﺘﻨـﺎﻭل ﺍﻟﻁﱢﻔـ ُ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﻌﺎﻡ؛ ﻷﻨﻬﻡ ﻴﻌﺘﻘﺩﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ َﺃﺒِﻴﻜﹸـﻭ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻷﺠـﺭﺍﺱ‪ .‬ﻭﻫـﻡ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻜ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻩ ﺼـﻭ ﹶ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﻲ ِﻟﻌِﺒﺎ ‪‬ﺩﺘِـ ِﻪ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﺎﺭﻴﻴﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻘ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺭ ٍﺓ ﻀﺨﻤﺔ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻥ ﻜـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺃﺒﻴﺱ ﻭﺤﺒﻬﻡ ﻟﻪ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺯ ‪‬‬
‫‪ABIKU‬‬
‫ﺡ ﺸِــﺭ‪‬ﻴﺭﺓ ﻋﻨــﺩ ﻗﺒﺎﺌِــل‬
‫ﺃﺭﻭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫‪‬ﺩﻭ‪‬ﺍ ِﺌ ‪‬ﺭ ﺒﻴﻀﺎ ‪‬ﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋ ﹶﺜﺭ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻟِﻔﹶﺎﻓﹶـﺔٍ‬
‫ﻋﹶﻠﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﺍﻵﺜﺎﺭ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺡ ﻜل ﻴﻭﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﺼﺒ‪‬ﺎ ِ‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘﺼِﺭ ﹰﺓ ﻓﻲ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﺴ‪‬ﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫‪EBISU‬‬
‫ﻙ ‪‬ﺒﺸﹶـ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺓ ﺍﻟﻁﱢﻔـل‬
‫ﺤ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻌ ِﻤﺩ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﻔﻠﻔل؛ ﻓﻴﻬﺭﺏ ﺃﺒﻴﻜﻭ ﻤـﻥ ﻓﹶـ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻟﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﻌـﺎﻟﹶﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻟﻪ"* ﺃﻭﺯﻴـﺭﻴﺱ" ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﻭﺼ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻴﺎﺒﺎﻨﻴﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻭ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﻤ ِ‬
‫ﺃﺒﻴﻜﻭ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﺭﻭﺍﺡ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﻌﻴﺵ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻲ ﻭﻤﻠﻙ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻭﺘﹶﻰ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻌل ﻫـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺴ ﹾﻔِﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻤﻙ ﻭﺍﻟﻁﱠﻌﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻭ ﺍﺒﻥ ﺍﻹﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﻥ ﻟﻬﺎ "ﻤـﺎﻭﻭ" ﺍﻟﺨـﺎﻟِﻕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻐﹶﺎﺒﺔ‪ ،‬ﻴ ْﺄ ﹶﺫ ‪‬‬
‫ﺹ ﺍﻟﻤﺼـﺭﻴﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺭ ﻓﻲ ِ‬
‫"ﺩﺍﻴﻜﹸﻭ"‪ ،‬ﻭﻴ‪‬ﺼـﻭ‪‬ﺭ ﻋـﺎﺩ ﹰﺓ ﻴﺤﻤـل‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﺩ‪‬ﺨﻭل ﻓﻲ ‪‬ﺭﺤِﻡ ﺍﻤﺭﺃﺓ؛ ﻟﻜﻲ ﺘﹸﻭﹶﻟﺩ‪‬‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺍﺭﺘﺒﻁﺕ ﻋِﺒﺎﺩﺘﹸـﻪ ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ـﺎ ﺒﻌﺒـﺎﺩﺓ‬
‫ﻅ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺒﻌ‪‬ﺔ ﻋﻨـﺩ‬
‫ﺤﱢ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺩ ﺁﻟِﻬﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫َﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻓﻲ ﺩ‪‬ﺍﻫ‪‬ﻭﻤِﻲ ﻴﻌﺘﻘﺩ ﺍﻟﻨـﺎﺱ ﺃﻥ‬
‫‪٢٢‬‬
‫ﺘﻤﻭﺕ ِﻟﺘﹸﻭﹶﻟﺩ‪ ‬ﻤﻥ ﺠﺩﻴﺩ ﻓـﻲ ﻨﻔـﺱ‬
‫ﺼﻭ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺫﻫ‪‬ﺒﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ ﻷﺘﺎﺭ‪‬ﭽﺎﺘِﺱ‪،‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺴ‪ ‬ﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﻁﺭ‪‬ﺘِﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻁﱠﺒﻴﻌﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴﺭﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﺍﺭﺘﹶﺎﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺍ ﺍﻟﻁﻔـل‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﻺﻟﻪ "ﻫﺎﺩﺍﺩ"‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺜﺔ ﻟﻺﻟﻪ‬
‫ﺃﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﻨﻌﺎ ﺒﺄﻥ ﻁﻔﻠﻬﻤﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﺒﻴﻜﻭ؛‬
‫"*ﺃﺘﻴﺱ"‪.‬‬
‫ﻴﺤﻤﻴﻪ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﺭﻭﺍﺡ ﺍﻟﺸﱢﺭﻴﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻜﺔ "ﺴﺘﺭﺍﺘﻭﻨﻴﺱ" ﺒﻨـﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻤﻌﺒـﺩ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﻭ ﹸﺘﻘِﻴ ‪‬ﻡ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻅﹶﻬـﺭِ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‪ ،‬ﺜـﻡ‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺒﺩِﻫﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻫﻴﻴﺭﺍﺒـﻭﻟﻴﺱ ﺜـﻼﺙ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﺤﻤل ﻋﺭﺸﻬﺎ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﹸﻗ ‪‬ﻭﺘِﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﻓﺈﻨﻬﻤﺎ ﻴﻨ ِﺫﺭ‪‬ﺍﻨِﻪ ﻟﻺﻟﻪ "ﻓﻭﺩﻭ"‪ ،‬ﻟﻜـﻲ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺴﻭﻑ ﺘﹶﺴﻌ‪‬ﻰ ﻭﺘﺴﺘﻌﻴﺩﻩ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻐﹶﺎﺒﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﹰﺎ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻌ ِﻤﺩ‪‬ﺍﻥ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺘﺸﻭﻴﻪ ﻭﺠـﻪ‬
‫ﻑ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺘﻠـﻙ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﻔل؛ ﺤﺘﻰ ﻻ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘﻌ‪ ‬ﺭ ﹶ‬
‫ﻥ ﺒﻴﻠﻭﺒﺱ ﻭ*ﻫﻴﺒﻭﺩﺍﻤﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻭﺍﻟﺩ‬
‫ﺍﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻓﻲ ﻋـﺎﻡ ‪ ٣٠٠‬ﻕ‪.‬ﻡ ﺃﻋـﺎﺩ‪‬ﺕ‬
‫ﺃﺠــﺎﻤﻤﻨﻭﻥ ﻭﻤﻨــﻴﻼﻭﺱ ﻭﻤﻠــﻙ‬
‫ﻤﻴﺴﻴﻨﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﺠـﺎﺀ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻷُﺴـﻁﹸﻭﺭﺓ‬
‫"ﺁﺘﺎﺭ‪‬ﭽﺎﺘِﺱ"؛ ﻓﺎﻨﺘﺸـﺭﺕ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺘﹸﻬـﺎ‬
‫ـﻐﺭ‬
‫ﺸ ـﻘِﻴﻘﹶﻪ ﺍﻷﺼـ‬
‫ـﺔ ﺃﻥ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴﻘﻴـ‬
‫ﺒﻔﻀل ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻋﺎﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﹶﻠﻜِﻴ‪‬ـﺔ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻏﺭ‪‬ﻯ ﺯﻭﺠﺘﻪ ﺇﻴﺭﻭﺒﻲ؛‬
‫*ﺜﻭﻴﺴﺘﻴﺱ َﺃ ﹾ‬
‫ﻕ ﻤ‪‬ﺨﺘﻠِﻔﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺎﻨﻲ‪،‬‬
‫ﻤﻨﺎﻁِ ﹶ‬
‫ﺽ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹸﻨﻔِﻲ‪ ‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺜﺭ ﺫﻟـﻙ‪ .‬ﻭﺤ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻕ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﱡﺠﺎ ِﺭ ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴﻕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓِـ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ﺜﻭﻴﺴﺘﻴﺱ ﺍﺒﻥ ﺃﺨﻴـﻪ ﺒﻼﻴﺴـﺘﻴﻨﺱ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺭﻭﺍﺡ ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻴﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻟﻴﺒـﺩ‪‬ﻭ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺃﹶﺗ‪‬ﺮِﻳ‪‬ﻮﺱ‬
‫ﺼ‪‬ﻭﺭ ِﺓ ﹶﻗﺒِﻴﺤ‪‬ﺔ ﹸﺘ ﹶﻨ ﱢﻔﺭ‪‬ﻫﺎ ﻤﻨﻪ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﺴ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨــﻭﺩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺭ ﹶﺘﺯِﻗــﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﱡﺠــﺎﺭ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﻼﺨِﻴـ َ‬
‫ﺨﹶ‬
‫ﻋ ِﺘﻘﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﺒﺄﻥ ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻷ ِﺭﻗﱠﺎﺀ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﻭﺭﻴﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋ‪‬ـﺩ‪‬ﺕ‬
‫ل ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‪،‬‬
‫ﺤﺩِﻴﺩِ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺔ ﹸﺘ ﹶﻘﻴ‪ ‬ﺩ ﺍﻟﻁﱢﻔ َ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺼ‪‬ﻭﺭ ﹰﺓ ﻤﻥ ﺃﻓﺭﻭﺩﻴﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﻟـﻡ‬
‫ﻼﺠِل ﺘﻤﻨﻌﻪ‬
‫ﺠﹶ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻷﺴ‪‬ﺎ ِﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﺝ‬
‫ﻴﻅﻬﺭ ﹸﻗ ‪‬ﺭﻨﹶﺎﺅُﻫـﺎ ﺍﻟـﺫﹸﻜﻭﺭ ﺨـﺎﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺽ‬
‫ﺡ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘﻌ‪‬ـﺭ‪ ‬‬
‫ﻁﹶﻠﻕﹸ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ﻋِﺒﺎﺩﺘﹸﻬﺎ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺭﻭﻤﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻥ ﻜـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻟﻜل ﻫﺅﻻﺀ ﺍﻷﻁﻔﺎل‪.‬‬
‫ﻨﻴﺭﻭﻥ ﻗﺩ ﺁﺜﺭﻫﺎ ﺒﻌﺒﺎﺩﺘـﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻨﻘـل‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ِﻔﺭ‪‬ﺍ ِﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﺒﻴﻜﻭ ﻟﻔـﻅ ﺠـﺎﻤِﻊ‬
‫‪ATARGATIS‬‬
‫ﺨﺼ‪‬ﺏ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﻭﺭﻴﻴﻥ‪،‬‬
‫ﺇﻟﻬ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﺃﺘﺭﻴﻭﺱ ﺍﻜﺘﺸﻑ ﺍﻟﻤـﺅﺍﻤﺭﺓ‬
‫ﻱ‪ .‬ﻭﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬
‫ل ﺍﺒﻨﻪ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺩ ِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺘ َ‬
‫ﺢ‬
‫ﺙ ﹶﺫﺒ‪‬ـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﺭﻑ ﺃﺘﺭﻴﻭﺱ ﺒﻤﺎ ﺤ‪‬ـﺩ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﺜﻼﺜﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺒﻨﺎﺀ ﺜﻭﻴﺴـﺘﻴﺱ ﻭﻗـﺩ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﻁﻌ‪‬ﺎﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻷﺒﻴﻬﻡ ﻓـﻲ ‪‬ﻤ ْﺄ ‪‬ﺩﺒ‪‬ـ ٍﺔ‬
‫ﻟﺤﻤﻬﻡ ﹶ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺁﺗ‪‬ﺎﺭ‪‬ﭼﺎﺗِﺲ‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬ﺩﻋ‪‬ـﺔٍ‪،‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺘلِ ﺃﺒﻴﻪ ﺃﺘﺭﻴـﻭﺱ ﺒ ﹸ‬
‫ﺴﻭﺭﻴﺔ ﺇﻻ ﻨـﺎﺩﺭ‪‬ﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟـﻡ ﺘﻨﺘﺸـﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﺭﻭﻤﺎﻥ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻹﻟﻬـﺔ‬
‫ﻉ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻤﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻭﺭﻴﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺭﺒ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺒﺭﻴﻁﺎﻨﻴﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺁﺘﺎﺭ‪‬ﭽﺘِﺱ ﺘﹸﺸ ِﺒ ‪‬ﻪ ﻓﻲ ﻁﺒﻴﻌﺘﻬـﺎ‬
‫) ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻨﺒِﺞ(‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻌﺩ ﻤﻥ ﺃﻜﺒـﺭ ﻭﺃﻓﺨـﻡ‬
‫ﺃﺼﺒﺤﺕ ﺒﻭﺼﻔﻬﺎ ﺭﺍﻋﻴﺔ ﻤـﺩﻴﻨﺘﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺼ ﹰﺔ ﺒﺎﻷﺴﻤﺎﻙ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻘﺩ‪‬ﺴـﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒِﺭﻜ ﹰﺔ ﺨﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﻭﻫﻲ‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ﹾ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﺭﻓﹶﺎ ِﻫ ‪‬ﻴﺘِﻬﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﹶﺜ ‪‬ﻡ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋِﻠ ‪‬ﻡ ﺜﻭﻴﺴﺘﻴﺱ ﺒﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺃﻗﺎﻤ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﻟﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻤﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ل‪ .‬ﻭﹶﻟﻘِﻲ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﺭﺘﻜﺒﻪ ﺃﺘﺭﻴﻭﺱ ﹶﻟﻌ‪ ‬ﹶﻨ ‪‬ﻪ ﻭﺭ‪‬ﺤ‪َ ‬‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﻪ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﺒﻌﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻴ ِﺩ‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﺘﺭﻴﻭﺱ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻴﺠﻴﺴــﺜﻭﺱ ‪ Aegisthus‬ﺒــﻥ‬
‫ﺜﻭﻴﺴﺘﻴﺱ‪.‬‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺤﻤ‪‬ﺎﻡ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ‬
‫ﻭ ﹸﻗﺩ‪‬ﺴﺕ ﻟﻬﺎ ﺍﻷﺴﻤﺎﻙ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻹﻟﻬﺔ "*ﻋﺸﺘﺭﻭﺕ"؛ ﻭﻫـﻲ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ُﺃﻗِﻴ ‪‬ﻡ ﻟﻬﺎ ﻤ‪‬ﻌﺒ ‪‬ﺩ ﻓـﻲ "ﻫﻴﻴﺭﺍﺒـﻭﻟﻴﺱ" ﺍﻷﺼل ﺇﻟﻬﺔ ﺍﻟ ِﺨﺼ‪‬ـﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻬـﺎ ﺇﺗ‪‬ﺰ‪‬ﺍﻣ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ ﺃﻭﺭﺩ "ﻟﻭﺴﻴﺎﻥ" ﺫِﻜﺭ‪‬ﻫـﺎ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻕ‬
‫ﻁﻠﹶـ ﹶ‬
‫ﻜﺘﺎﺒﻪ ﻋﻥ ﺁﻟﻬﺔ ﺴـﻭﺭﻴﺔ ﻭَﺃ ﹾ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﺴﻡ "ﻫﻴـﺭﺍ"‪ .‬ﻭﻜـﺎﻥ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﻙ ﻓـﻲ ﻴـﺩﻫﺎ‬
‫ﺴ‪‬‬
‫ل ﺘﺎﺠ‪‬ﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﹸ ‪‬ﻤ ِ‬
‫ﺘﹶﺤ ِﻤ ُ‬
‫ﻷﺴ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﺴ ﹾﻨ ‪‬ﺒﹶﻠ ﹶﺔ ﻗﹶﻤﺢٍ‪ ،‬ﻓﻲ ﺤﻴﻥ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭ ِﻤ ‪‬ﺯ ﺍ ُ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪ITZAMNA‬‬
‫ﹶﻜﺒِﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ ﻓﻲ ‪‬ﻤﺜﹾـﻭ‪‬ﻯ ﺁﻟﻬـﺔ‬
‫ـﺎﺭ‬
‫ـﻤﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﱠﻬـ‬
‫ﺴـ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻴـ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺒﺩ ﻓﻲ ﺴﻭﺭﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﻴﻀـﻡ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﺴــﺌُﻭﻟﹶﺔ ﻋــﻥ ﺤﻤﺎﻴــﺔ ﺃﻫﻠﻬــﺎ‬
‫‪ATREUS‬‬
‫ل ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺨﻁﹸﻭﻁﹶـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻠﱠﻴل‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻤﺜﱠ ُ‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﻴﺦٍ ﻜﺒﻴ ٍﺭ ﻏـﺎﺌِﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻤﺔﻓﻲ ﻫﻴﺌﺔ ﹶ‬
‫ﺠ ﹶﻨ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻴﻥِ‪ ،‬ﻟﻪ ﺃﻨﻑ ﺭ‪‬ﻭﻤﺎﻨﻲ ﻭ ﹶﻓﻜﱠﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨﺎِﻟﻴ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﺴﻨﺎﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﻜـﺎﻥ ﺇﻟﻬ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫‪٢٣‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻔﺎﻻﺕ‬
‫ﺱ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺒ ﹶﺘ ِﻬﻠﹸﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﻭﺼِـ ‪‬ﻴﻐﹰﺎ‬
‫ﻀﻡ‪َ ‬ﺃﻨﹶﺎﺸِﻴﺩ‪ ‬ﻭﺼ‪‬ـﹶﻠﻭ‪‬ﺍ ٍ‬
‫ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﻭﺍﻟـ ‪‬ﺯﻭ‪‬ﺍﺝ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻌﺎﺩﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻴﻨﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻟﻜﻲ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻤﻥ‪ ‬ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻡ ﺒﺎﻟﺸﱢـﻔﺎﺀ‪،‬‬
‫ﻁﻘﹾﺴﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﺘﺘﺄﻟﱠﻑ ﻤﻨﻬﺎ ﺃَﺴﻔﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﭭِﻴـﺩﺍ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺭﻗﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﺭِﺩﺓ ﺒﻬﺎ ﹶﺘﻀ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﻁﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻲ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺒﻌِـ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻩ ﺇﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻟﻠ ﱢ‬
‫ـﺩ‬
‫ـﺔ ﻋﻨـ‬
‫ـﺏ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻘﺩ‪‬ﺴـ‬
‫ـﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﺘـ‬
‫ﺃﻋﻅـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻬﻨﺩﻭﺱ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ ﺁﺨِـﺭ‬
‫ل ﺒﻬﺎ ﻤﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﺘﻠﹸﻭﻫ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻨ ِﺯ ُ‬
‫ﺕ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋِﺒﺎﺭﺍ ٍ‬
‫ﺨﺼ‪‬ﻭﻤِﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﹶـﺭ‪‬ﺍﻨِﻴ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻌﻨﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﹸ‬
‫ﻟﻠﺸﱠﻤﺱ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﺴﻔﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﭭﻴﺩﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﹶﻌﻠﱠﻬﺎ ﺘﹶﺭﺠِـﻊ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﻟﻠﺘﱠﻜﻔﻴﺭ ﻋـﻥ ﺍﻟـ ﱡﺫﻨﹸﻭﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻨﺘﻬـﺎﻙ‬
‫ﻲ ﺃﻜﺜﺭ ﻤﻤﺎ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭﺠِﻊ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﻌ ِﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﹶ‬
‫ﺃﺼ ٍ‬
‫ﺤﺭ‪‬ﻤﺎﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﹶﺘﻌ‪‬ﺎﻭﻴ ﹸﺫ ﺘﹸﺴـﺘﺨﺩ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺃﺼل ﻜﻬﻨﻭﺘﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﻫـﻲ ﻻ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘﻨﹶـﺎﻭ‪ُ ‬‬
‫ﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﻠﻁﺎﻥ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻨﺼـﺭ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﺱ ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺒــﺎﻥ ﺍﻟــﻭﺍﺭِﺩ ﻓــﻲ‬
‫ﻁﻘﹾــ ‪‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱡﻬﺭﺓ ﻟﻠﻤﻠﻙ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺇﻨﻤﺎ ﺘﺘﻨﺎﻭل ﺍﻟﻘﹸﻭﻯ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻌﺎ ِﺩﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘﻘِﻲ ﻤﻨﻬﻤﺎ‬
‫ﻥ ﹶﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻴ ِ‬
‫– ﭭﻴﺩﺍ َﺃ ﹾﻗﺩ‪‬ﻡ‪ ‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺭﺓﹸ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺨﻁﺒـﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺴ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻴ‪ ‬ﹶﺘ ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻷﺴ‪‬ـﺎﻁِﻴﺭ‬
‫ﻤﻌﺎﺭِﻓﻨﺎ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻟﺜﱠﻘﺎﻓـﺔ ﻭﺍ َ‬
‫ـﻬﻡ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﻀـ‬
‫ـﻕ ﺃﻏﺭﺍ ِ‬
‫ـﺎ‪ ،‬ﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴـ‬
‫‪‬ﻭﺩ‪‬ﻫـ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻴﺎﻨﺔ ﺍﻵ ِﺭﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻤﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬ﻴﺭِ ﻭﺼﺩﻴﻘﹰﺎ ﻟﻺﻨﺴـﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻟِﻠ ﹶ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻷﺭﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬
‫ﺠﻤ‪‬ﻭﻋﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺤﺩ‪‬ﻯ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺇ‪‬‬
‫ﺴﺠ‪‬ﺎﻡ‬
‫ﻁﻌ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺸﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ ﺍﻻ ﹾﻨ ِ‬
‫ﹸﻗ ﹾ‬
‫ﺏ ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒـﺎﺭﻩ ﺇﻟﻬ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫ﻋﻨﻬﻡ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺼ‪‬ـﺎ ِﺌ ‪‬‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺁﺗ‪‬ﻠِﻲ‬
‫‪ATLI‬‬
‫ﻙ ﺍﻟﻬـﻭﻥ ﻭﺸﹶـﻘِﻴﻕ‬
‫ﻫﻭ ﺃﺘﱢﻴﻼ ‪‬ﻤِﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﺃُﻤ‪‬ﺭﺍ ‪‬ﺀ ِﻨ ‪‬ﺒﻠﹸـﻭﻨﺞ‬
‫ﺒﺭﻭﻨﻬﻴﻠﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﹶﻗﺒِ َ‬
‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﭭِﻴﺩﺍ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺙ ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‪،‬‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺯﻭ‪‬ﺠ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﺃﺨﺘﻬﻡ ﺠﻭﺩﺭﻭﻥ ﻟﻠﻤﻠﻙ‬
‫ﻷﺘﹾﻬﺎﺭ‪‬ﭭﺎ – ﭭِﻴﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﺭﻴﺞ‬
‫ﻭﺘﻌﺩ ﺍ َ‬
‫ﻉ‬
‫ـ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ـﻥ ‪‬ﻤﺼ‪‬ـ‬
‫ـﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻋـ‬
‫ـﻴﻼ‪ ،‬ﺘﻜﻔﻴـ‬
‫ﺃﺘﱢـ‬
‫ﺒﺭﻭﻨﻬﻴﻠﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﺒﺎﻟﹶﻐﺕ ﺠ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺩﺭ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻑ ﻤﺎ ﻴ‪ ‬ﹶﺘﻤ‪ ‬ﱠﺘ ‪‬ﻊ ﺒﻪ ﺃﻤﺭﺍﺀ ِﻨ ‪‬ﺒﻠﹸـﻭﻨﺞ‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬
‫‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺜﺭﺍﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒﻬﺫﺍ ﺃﺜـﺎﺭ‪‬ﺕ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺸﻊ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻙ َﺃﺘﱢـﻴﻼ؛ ﻓﹶـ ‪‬ﺩﻋ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺩﺭِﻱ‪ ‬ﺠ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﻼﻁِﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﺃﻤﺭﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻠﻭﻨﺞ ﻟﺯﻴﺎﺭﺘﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺒ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻡ ﻴـﻨﺞ ﻤـﻨﻬﻡ ﺴِـﻭﻯ ﺠ‪‬ﻭﻨﹶـﺎﺭ‬
‫ﻭﻫ‪‬ﻭﺠ‪‬ﻨﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﺤﺎﻭ‪‬ل ﺃﺘﱢﻴﻼ ﺃﻥ ﻴﻌﺭﻑ‬
‫ﻤﻨﻬﻤﺎ ﺍﻷﻤﺎﻜﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﺭﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻴﺨﻔـﻲ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻬﻤ‪‬ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴﺒ‪‬ﻭﺤ‪‬ﺎ ﻟﻪ ﺒﻬﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺭ ﹶﻓَﺄ ‪‬‬
‫ﻉ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻨﺘﻘﻤــﺕ ﺠ‪‬ــﻭﺩﺭ‪‬ﻭﻥ ِﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺼ‪‬ــ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ﺸﻘﻴﻘﻴﻬﺎ؛ ﻓﹶـ ﹶﺫﺒ‪‬ﺤ‪‬ﺕِ ﺍ ‪‬ﺒ ﹶﻨ ‪‬ﻴﻬ‪‬ـﺎ ﺍﻟﻠـﺫﻴﻥ‬
‫ﻙ ﺁﺘﻠﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﺜﻡ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺘﹶﻠﺕِ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤِﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﹶﺗ‪‬ﻬﺎﺭ‪‬ﭬﺎ – ﭬِﻴﺪﺍ‬
‫‪ATHARVA – VEDA‬‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌﺒ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺩ ﻤِﺼﺭﻱ ﻗﺩﻴﻡ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺯ ﺇﻟﻴـﻪ‬
‫ﻷﺘﹾﻬﺎﺭ‪‬ﭭﺎ – ﭭِﻴـﺩﺍ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺘﺘﺄﻟﻑ ﺍ َ‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﻌﺔ‬
‫ﺹ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻤﺱ‪ ،‬ﺘﻨﺒﻌﺙ ﻤﻨﻪ ﺍﻷ ِ‬
‫ِﺒ ﹸﻘ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ﻋﺸﺭﻴﻥ ﻜِﺘﺎﺒ‪‬ﺎ ﺘﻀـﻡ ﻨﺤـﻭ ‪٧٣٠‬‬
‫ﹶﻨﺸِﻴﺩ‪‬ﺍ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﺫﻫﺏ ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺽ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻨﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺘﺘﺄﻟﱠﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺼل ﻤﻥ ﺴِـ ﱠﺘ ِﺔ‬
‫ﹸﻜ ﹸﺘﺏٍ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﺃﻀﻴﻔﺕ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﺒﻌـﺩ ﺫﻟـﻙ‬
‫ﺃﻨﺎﺸﻴ ‪‬ﺩ ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺤﺘﻰ ‪‬ﺒﻠﹶـ ﹶﻎ ﻋ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩﺩ‪‬ﻫﺎ‬
‫ﻅ ‪‬ﻡ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻷﻨﺎﺸﻴﺩ‬
‫ﻋِﺸﺭﻴﻥ ﻜِﺘﺎﺒ‪‬ﺎ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌ ﹶ‬
‫ﺤﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﻠﻭﻗـﺎﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻭﺩِﻉ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﻋﺒﺎﺩ‪‬ﺓ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻹﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﺨَ‬
‫ل ﻤﻥ َﺃ ‪‬ﺩ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭَﺃﻭ‪ُ ‬‬
‫ل ﻋﻠﻰ ﻨﹶﺸﺭِﻫﺎ ﻫﻭ ﺃﻤﻨﺤﺘـﺏ‬
‫ﻭﻋ‪‬ﻤِ َ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺒﻊ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﹶﻟ ﱠﻘﺏ‪ ‬ﻨﻔﺴﻪ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﺒﻌـﺩ‬
‫ﺨﻨﹶﺎﺘﹸﻭﻨﺄﻱ "ﺭ‪‬ﻭﺡ ﺁﺘﻭﻥ"‪.‬‬
‫ﺒﺈ ﹾ‬
‫ﻰ ﻭ ﹶﺘﻌ‪‬ﺎﻭِﻴﺫ‪ ،‬ﹸﺘ ﹾﺘﻠﹶﻰ ﻋﻨـﺩ ﻋِـﻼﺝ‬
‫ﺭ‪‬ﻗ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺩ ٍﺩ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﻤﺭﺍﺽ ﺒﺘﻨﺎﻭل ﺃﻋﺸﺎﺏ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻁ ‪‬ﺭﺩِ‬
‫ﺕ ﻟِ ﹶ‬
‫ﻻ ٍ‬
‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‪ .‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺘﻀﻡ ﺍ ‪‬ﺒ ِﺘﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﹶ‬
‫ﺸﻴ‪‬ﺎﻁِﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﹸﺘ ﹾﺘﻠﹶﻰ ﻤﻊ ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎﺭ ﻭﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻷﻋﺸﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﺎﻓﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺒﻬﺫﺍ ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺘﻌ‪‬ﺎﻭِﻴ ﹸﺫ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻌ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﺩ ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﻔﻴﺩ‬
‫ل ﻭ ﹶﺘﻜﹶـﺎﺜﹸﺭ‬
‫ﺤﻘﹸﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﹶﻨﻤ‪‬ﺎ ِﺀ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺒﺎﺕ ﺒﺎﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻙ ﻤﻌﺒـﻭﺩ‪‬ﻩ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ﹶﺘﺼ‪ ‬ﻭﺭ‪ ‬ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤِﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﻌ ﹲﺔ‬
‫ﺙ ﻤﻨﻪ َﺃ ِ‬
‫ﺹ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻨﺒ‪‬ﻌِ ﹸ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﻴﺌﺔ ﻗﹸﺭ ٍ‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘﻬِﻴ‪ ‬ﹲﺔ ﺒﺄﻴ ٍﺩ ﻗﺎ ِﺒﻀ‪‬ـﺔ ﻋﻠـﻰ ‪‬ﺭﻤ‪‬ـ ِﺯ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﺤﻴ‪‬ﺎﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺴﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻙ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﺫ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻴﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫‪‬ﺭ ِﺯﻗﹶﺕ ﺒﻬﻤﺎ ﻤﻨﻪ ﻭﻫﻤﺎ ﺃﺭﺏ ﻭﺃﻴﺘل‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻌﻨﺔ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫‪ATON‬‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺒﻬﺎ ﺃﻤﺭﺍﺀ ِﻨ ‪‬ﺒﻠﹸﻭﻨﺞ ﹸﻜﻨﹸﻭﺯ‪‬ﻫﻡ‪ ،‬ﻓﺭﻓﻀﺎ‬
‫ﺁﺗ‪‬ﻮﻥ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺴ ﹰﺔ ﻭﻏﹶﺩﺭﺍﹰ‪.‬‬
‫ﺨ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻗﻀﻰ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻡ ِ‬
‫ﻴﻌﻤﻠﻭﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻁﺭﺩﻫـﺎ ﺒﺎﺴـﺘﻨﺯﺍل‬
‫ﺠﺩِﻴﺩ ﻓﻲ َﺃﻭ‪‬ل ﺍﻷﻤﺭ ﺇﻟﻰ "*ﺭﻉ"‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﺭ ﻫﺫﻩ‬
‫ﻋﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﺃﻨﻪ ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﺃﻅﻬﺭ ِ‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺩ ِ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻴﺎﻨﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻨﺼ‪‬ـﺏ ﻨﻔﺴـﻪ ﺍﻟﻜـﺎ ِﻫ ‪‬‬
‫‪٢٤‬‬
‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻼﹶﻗﺔ ﺒﻴﻥ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﺁﺘﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘﻌ‪‬ﺎﺩﻭﺍ ﺴ‪‬ـﻠﻁﺎﻨﹶﻬﻡ ﺒﻌـﺩ ﻤـﻭﺕ‬
‫ﺍ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﺭ‪‬ﻙ"‪ .‬ﻭﺘﺴﺘﻁﺭﺩ ﺍﻷﺴـﻁﻭﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻷﻭ‪‬ل ﻜﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻭﻋﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﺭﻉ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﻹﻟﻪ ﺍ َ‬
‫ﺨﻨﹶﺎﺘﹸﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﻀﻭﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻌِﺒﺎﺩ‪‬ﺓ‬
‫ﺇﹾ‬
‫ﺸ ﹾﻜلٍ ﻤ‪‬ﺤﺩ‪‬ﺩ‪،‬‬
‫ﻓﺘﻘﻭل ﺇﻥ ﺁﺘ ‪‬ﻴﺎ ﻜﺎﻥ ﺒﻼ ﹶ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﻓـﻲ ﻋ‪‬ﻬـ ِﺩ ﺫﻟـﻙ‬
‫ِﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺩﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﻓﹶﺸﻜﱠﻠﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺃ ﹸﺓ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﺎﺤِﺭﺓ "ﻓـﺎﻫﻴﻨﻲ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﻜﺒﺭ ﻵﺘﻭﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺭﻏﻡ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻴﻜﻥ ﺍﻷﻤـﺭ ﻓـﺈﻥ ﻜﻬﻨـﺔ ﺁﻤـﻭﻥ‬
‫ﻓﺄﺠﺎﺏ ﺁﺘﻴ‪‬ﺎ‪" :‬ﺃﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﺁﺘﻴـﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔﻀ‪‬ـﺎﺀ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺴﻡ "ﺁﺘﻭﻥ" ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻤل ﺒﻤﻌﻨﻰ ﺇﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﻤﻌﺒﻭﺩ‪‬ﻩ ﺇﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﺎﻟﻤﻴ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺯﻋ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻡ ﺃﻨـﻪ‬
‫ﻤﻥ "ﻓﺎﻜﺎﻫﻭﺘﻭ" ﻭﺃﻨﺠﺒﺎ ﺃﺒﻨﺎﺀ ﻭﺒﻨﺎﺕ‪،‬‬
‫ﺨﺎﻟِﻕ ﻜـل ﺸـﻲﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻨـﻪ ﺴ‪‬ـﻨﹶﺩ‬
‫ﻭﺁﻟﻬﺔ )ﺫﺭﻴﺔ ﻭﺴـﻴﻤﺔ(‪ ،‬ﻭﻁﻴـﻭﺭ‪‬ﺍ‬
‫ﻅﻠﹸﻭﻤِﻴﻥ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻜﹾـﺭ‪‬ﻭﺒِﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻨـﻪ‬
‫ﻟِﻠ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾ‬
‫ﻭﻓﺭﺍﺸﺎﺕ ﻭﻤﺨﻠﻭﻗﺎﺕ ﺯﺍﺤِﻔﺔ )ﺫﺭﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻤﺼﺩﺭ ﻜل ﺨﻴﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋﺎﺩﻴﺔ(‪.‬‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻙ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺩلﱡ ﺍﻵﺜـﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺠﻌ‪‬ـ َ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ ﺤﺎﻭ‪‬ل ﺇﺨﻨﺎﺘﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺝ‬
‫ﻨﻭﺘﺎﻫﻭ" ﻓﻲ ﻫﻴﺌﺔ ﺠﻤﻴﻠﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﹶـ ‪‬ﺯ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺵ‬
‫ﺢ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱡﻨﻘﹸـﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻀ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻭ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌﺒ‪‬ﻭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﱠﺘ ِ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻹﻟﻪ "ﺁﺘﻭﻥ" ﺸﻲﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻷ ﹶﺜﺭِ ‪‬ﻴﺔِ ﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍَ‬
‫ﺹ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻤﺱ ﺸﻲﺀ ﺁﺨﹶﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﹸﻗ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻓﻲ ﻋﻬﺩ ﻫـﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﻠـﻙ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻔﺠ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﻉ‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﻨﺸِﺏ‪ ‬ﺒﻴﻨﻪ ﻭﺒﻴﻥ "ﺘﻴﻥ" ﺼِـﺭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫"ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺒﻭﺩ ﻫـﻭ ﺤ‪‬ـﺭ‪‬ﺍﺭ‪‬ﺓ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻤﺱ‬
‫ل ﺒﺎﻟ ﹶﻜِﻠﻤ‪‬ـﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻭﺴ‪ُ ‬‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﻌ ِﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﻉ ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺒﺩﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋ ِﻪِ‪،‬‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ل َﺃ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻨﺘﻬﻰ ﺃﺨﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ِﺒ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁﺎ َ‬
‫)ﺁﺘﻭﻥ(‪ ،‬ﻭﺠﺎﺀ ﻓﻲ ﻋِﺒﺎﺭ ٍﺓ ﺃﺨـﺭﻯ‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﻭﺒﺩﺃ ﺘﻁﻭ‪‬ﺭ ﻭﺍﻀﺢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺴـﻠﹸﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻜﻤﺎ ﺠﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻓﻲ ﹶﺘﺭ‪‬ﺍﻨِﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻕ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺫﻫﺏ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺒﻭﺩ ﺴ‪‬ـﻴ‪‬ﺩ ﺁﺘـﻭﻥ ﺃﻱ‬
‫ﺨﱠﻠﺹ‪ ‬ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺜﱠﺒﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺸﻜِﻴِﻠﻲ‪‬؛ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ل ﺼِـﻔﹶﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻜﹸـ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻤﺱ"‪.‬‬
‫ﺨﻨﹶﺎﺘﹸﻭﻥ ﻤﻌﺒﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﻵﺘﻭﻥ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﻴﺩ‪ ‬ﺇ ﹾ‬
‫ﻭﹶ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻻﻋﺘﺼﺎﻡ ﺒﺎﻟ ﹸﻜ ﹾﺘﹶﻠ ِﺔ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﹶﺘﺼ‪‬ـﻭِﻴ ِﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﻴـﺭ ﻋـﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜـﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱡﺫﻜﹸﻭﺭﺓ ﻓﻲ ﻓﺎﻜﺎﻫﻭﺘﻭ ﺍﻨﺘﻘﻠﺕ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﺸَﺄﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻩ ﺒﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺤﺩﻴﻘﺔ ﺁﻤﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ َﺃ ﹾﻨ ﹶ‬
‫ل ﺃﻜﺜﺭ ﻤﻥ ﻓﺭﺩ‬
‫ﺸﻤِ َ‬
‫ﻭﺘﻭﺴ‪‬ﻊ ﺇﻁﺎﺭ‪‬ﻩ ﹶﻓ ﹶ‬
‫ﺁﺘﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻨﺘﻘﻠﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻓﺎﻜﺎﻫﻭﺘﻭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﻫﻨﺎ‬
‫ﻤﻌﺒﺩﻱ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻜ ‪‬ﺭﻨﹶﻙ ﻭﺍﻷﻗﺼﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻁﻠﻕ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﺴﻠﹸﻬﻤﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ ﺃﻗﻭﻯ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻜﺎﻥ ﹶﻨ ‪‬‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺩ ﻓﻲ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﻌِﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻕ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻤﺩﻴﻨـﺔ‬
‫ﻁﹶﻠ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻅﻴﻡ"‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ َﺃ ﹾ‬
‫ﻁﻴﺒﺔ ﺍﺴﻡ "ﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ ﻨﹸﻭﺭ ﺁﺘﻭﻥ"‪ .‬ﺜـﻡ‬
‫ﺨ ﹶﺫ ِﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻠ ِﻜ ِﻪ ﻋﺎﺼﻤ ﹰﺔ ﺠﺩﻴﺩ ﹰﺓ ﺠ‪‬ﻌ‪‬ﹶﻠﻬ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫ﺍ ﱠﺘ ﹶ‬
‫"ﺃﺨﻴﺘﺎﺘﻭﻥ"؛ ﺃﻱ "ﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﺁﺘﻭﻥ" ﻭﻫﻲ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻤ‪‬ﺎ ِﺭﻨﹶﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻑ ﺍﻵﻥ ِﺒ ﹶﺘ ﱢ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺭ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻭﺤﻴﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻴﻌـﻲ ﺃَﻥ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ﹶﻨﺼِ ‪‬ﺒﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻜﻬ‪ ‬ﹶﻨ ﹸﺔ ﺁﻤﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻌِـﺩﺍﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺏ ﺨﹶﻭﻓﹰـﺎ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻴﻌﻠﻨﻭﺍ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻘﻀ‪‬ﺎ ِﺀ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻤﺘﻴﺎﺯﺍﺘﻬﻡ‪ .‬ﻭﻤﻬﻤـﺎ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻭ‪ .‬ﻭﻤﻌﻨﹶﻰ ﺁﺘﻴـﺎ‬
‫ﺇﻟ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻤﺎ ِﺀ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺭ ِﻓﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻔﺴﻴﺢ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹸﺘﺘﹶﺭﺠ‪‬ﻡ ﺁﺘﻴﺎ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﹰﺎ ﺒﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻀ‪‬ﻭﺀ‪ .‬ﻭﻴ‪‬ﻭﺼ‪‬ﻑ ﺁﺘﻴﺎ‬
‫ﺠﺎﺀ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺇﻟﻬﻴﻥ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺯﻭ‪‬ﺩﻴﻥ ﺒﻔﺌﻭﺱ‬
‫ﺤﻠﹶـ ٍﺔ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺁﺘﻴ‪‬ـﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﻋﺠﻴﺒﺔ ﻗﺎﻤﺎ ِﺒ ِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴﻌِﻬﻤﺎ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺯﻗﹶﺎﻩ‬
‫ﻤﻌﺘﻘﺩﻴﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻓﻲ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺇ ‪‬ﺭﺒ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﻴﺩﻋﻤﺎﻩ ﺒﺎﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ؛ ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ﻭﻟﻴﻨﻴﺯﻴ‪‬ﺔ؛ ﺒﺄﻨﻪ" ﻗﺩ‬
‫‪‬ﺭ ِﻓ ‪‬ﻊ" ﺒﻭﺴﺎﻁﺔ ﺃﻋﻤﺩﺓ ﻭﻀﻌﻬﺎ ﺘـﺎ‬
‫ﺁﺭﻭﺍ ﺘﺤــﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﻀــﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻔﺴــﻴﺢ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﺭﻭﻱ ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭﺓ ﺃﻥ ﺘﺎ ﺁﺭﻭﺍ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺕ ﻗـﺩ ﺍﺴـﺘﻐﹶﺎﺙ ﺒـﺭ‪‬ﻭﺡ‬
‫ﻋ‪‬ﻅﻤ‪‬ﻰ‪ ،‬ﻟﻜﻲ ﻴﻤﺭ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔﻀ‪‬ـﺎﺀ‬
‫ﻥ ﻓـﻭﻗﻲ؟"‬
‫"ﺁﺘﻴﺎ"‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻨﻪ ﺼﺎﺡ" ﻤ‪‬ـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﻤﺤﺎﻭﻟﺔ ﻤﻨﻬﻤﺎ ﻗﺎﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺒﻬﺎ ﻟﺭﻓـﻊ‬
‫ﺏ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻤﱠﻠﻜﹶﻬﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ‪ .‬ﺒﻴﺩ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺭﻋ‪‬ـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻅﻤ‪ ‬ﹶﺔ ﺁﺘﻴ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﻭ‪‬ﻀ‪‬ـﻌ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﺸﺎﻫ‪‬ﺩﺍ ﻋ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻋﻘِﻴ ‪‬ﺩ ﹸﺓ ﺁﺘﻭﻥ ﺒِ ﹶﻨ ‪‬ﺯﻋ‪‬ﺔٍ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻡ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺘﺘﱠ ِ‬
‫‪ATEA‬‬
‫ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‪ .‬ﻭﺜﻤﺔ ﻗﺼﺔ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭﺩ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﺭﻜﺯ‪‬ﺍ ﻟﻌﺒـﺎﺩﺓ "ﺁﺘـﻭﻥ" ﻭﺴـﻤ‪‬ﺎﻫﺎ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺒﺩ ﺍﺴﻡ "ﻨﻭﺭ ﺁﺘـﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺁﺗِﻴ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﻷﻨﹸﻭ ﹶﺜﺔِ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺕﺍُ‬
‫ﺼﻔﹶﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺁﺘﻴ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻥ ﹸﻜلﱠ ِ‬
‫ﺴﻠﱠﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﻓﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻻ ﻴﻠﻭﻴـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺱ ﻓﻲ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﹸﺌﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺸﻲﺀ‪ .‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﻫﻨـﺎ ﻻ ﻴ‪‬ﻭﺠ‪‬ـﺩ‬
‫ﻉ ﻤـﺎ ِﻫﺭ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻴﺴـﺘﻁﻴﻌﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺼﻨﱠﺎ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪٢٥‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻤﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻷﺭﺽ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺸﺎﺒ‪‬ﻪ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﺴـﻤﻪ ﻭﺍﺴـﻡ ﺍﻹﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﻑ ﺒﺄﺭﺒﻁﺔ ﻤﻥ‬
‫"*ﻜﻭﺒﻴﻠﻲ"؛ ﺤﻴﺙ ﹶﺘﹶﻠ ﱡ‬
‫ﺠﺯ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩ‪‬ﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِﺌﻌ‪‬ﺔ ﻓﻲ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺃﺩﻭﻨﻴﺱ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻨﻅﺭﻴﺔ ﹶﺘ ﹾﺫ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻭﻑ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺯﻴﻥ ﺒﺄﺯﻫﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﻔﺴﺞ‪.‬‬
‫ﺴﻭﺴﺎﻴﺘﻲ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺤـﻴﻁ ﺍﻟﻬـﺎﺩِﻱ‬
‫ﻟﻬﻤﺎ ﺍﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‪‬ﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻥ ﺃﺘﱢﻴﺱ ﻫـﻭ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﺸـﺠﺭﺓ ﺒﺘﻤﺜـﺎل ﺸـﺎﺏ‬
‫ﻭﺘﹸ ﹾﻘ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ل ‪‬ﻭﻟِﻴـﺩ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻁﻔﹾـ ٍ‬
‫ﺤﻤ‪‬ﺎ ِﻡ ِ‬
‫ﺴ ِﺘ ‪‬‬
‫َﺃ ﹾﺜﻨﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻭ ِﺭﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﺎﺯﺠﺕ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺘﻪ ﻤﺭﺍﺴﻴﻡ‬
‫ﺩﻴــﻭﺩﻭﺭﻭﺱ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻷﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﻅﻤــﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﻅﻤﻰ ﻟﻶﻟﻬﺔ ﻓﻲ "ﻓﺭﻴﺠﻴـﺎ"‪.‬‬
‫ﺸﻘﹶﺕ ﺍ ‪‬ﺒ ﹶﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺃﺘﱢﻴﺱ؛ ﻓﺎﻜﺘﺸﻑ ﺃﺒﻭﻫﺎ‬
‫ﻋِ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ـل ﺍﻷﻡ‬
‫ـﻴﺱ‪ ،‬ﻤﺜـ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ـﺭ‪‬ﺍﺠِﺢ ﺃﻥ ﺃ ﱢﺘـ‬
‫ﺨﻁﻴﺌﺘﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺘل ﻋﺸﻴﻘﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﺎ ﻜﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺸَﺄ ﻓﻲ ﺁﺴﻴﺎ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ـﻐﺭﻯ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻅﻤﻰ‪ ،‬ﹶﻨ ﹶ‬
‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ ﺇﻻ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺨﺫﺕ ﹶﺘﺠ‪‬ﻭﺏ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﻴﺭﻓﻌﻭﺍ ﺁﺘﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻥ ﻴﻔﺼِـﻠﻭﺍ ﺒـﻴﻥ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺭﺒ‪‬ـﺩ‪‬ﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﻗـﺩ ﺃﺩ‪‬ﻯ ﻫـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻬﺘﱡﻙ ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ل ﺇﻟﻰ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻴﻜﹶـ ِ‬
‫ﺼ ﹶﻨ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺒﺭٍ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹸﺘ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻘ ُ‬
‫ﺸﺠ‪‬ﺭ‪ ‬ﹸﺓ ‪‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ل ﺇﻟﻰ ﺁﺘﻴ‪‬ﺎ )ﻭﺘﻴﻥ ﻭﺘﺎ ﺁﺭﻭﺍ(‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻻﺒﺘﻬﺎ ُ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﺎِﻟﻜﹶﺔ ﻷﻭ‪‬ل ﻤﺭ‪‬ﺓ‪" :‬ﻟﻜـﻲ‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﻀﻔِﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺒﺸﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻁﻔل ﺤﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻕ‬
‫ﻁﻠﹶـ ﹸ‬
‫ﺠﺯ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ﻤﺭﻫﻔﺔ"‪ .‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻲ ﻷﻓﺭﻭﺩﻴــﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﹶــﺭِﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ــﺎ ِﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﺘﱠﺨﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻐﹸﺯﺍ ﹸﺓ ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻴﺠﻴﻭﻥ ‪‬ﻤﻌﺒ‪‬ـﻭﺩ‪‬ﺍ‬
‫ﻁﻠﹶﻕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﺎﻜﺎﻫﻭﺘﻭ ﺍﺴـﻡ‬
‫ﺸﻲﺀ ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ﻟﻬﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺯﺠ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﺒﻴﻨـﻪ ﻭﺒـﻴﻥ ﺃﺤـﺩ‬
‫"ﺒﺎﺒﺎ"‪ .‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﻫﺎﻭﺍﻱ ﻴﻌـﺭﻑ ﺒﺎﺴـﻡ‬
‫ﻤﻌﺒﻭﺩﺍﺘﻬﻡ ﺍﻷﺼﻠﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻜﻴﺎ ﻭﺘﻌﺭﻑ ﺯﻭﺠﺘﻪ ﺒﺎﺴﻡ "ﺒﺎﺒﺎ"‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﹶﺗ‪‬ﻴﺲ‬
‫‪ATTIS‬‬
‫ﺇﻟ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻟﺯ‪‬ﺭﻉ ﻭﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴﻕ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﻤﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻋِﺒﺎﺩﺘﹸﻪ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻘﺘﹶـ ِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻹﻟﻪ ﺇﻤﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻴﻜﻭﻥ ﺴﺎ ِﻤﻴ‪‬ﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺴﺎ ِﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺇﻤﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻴﻜﻭﻥ ﻗﺩ ﺘﺄﺜﱠﺭ ﺒﺩِﻴ ٍ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ﺘﺭﻜﱠﺯﺕ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺘﹸﻪ ﻓﻲ "ﻓﺭﻴﺠﻴﺎ"‬
‫ﺍﻟﻴ‪‬ﻭﻨﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺤﺘﱠﻰ ﻭﺼﻠﺕ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺒـﻼﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻤﺒﺭﺍﻁﻭﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﻤﺎﻨﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻁ ﺒـﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺨﻠﹾـ ﹲ‬
‫ﻭﻴﺒﺩﻭ ﺃﻨﻪ ﻗﺩ ﺤﺩ‪‬ﺙ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭ"ﻤﻥ" ﻭ"*ﺃﺩﻭﻨﻴﺱ"‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺘﺸﺎﺒ‪‬ﻪ‬
‫ـﺎﺩﺓ‬
‫ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ِﺘـ ِﻪ ﻭﻋﺒـ‬
‫ـﻴ ِﻡ ِ‬
‫ﺴـ‬
‫ـﻴﻥ ‪‬ﻤﺭ‪‬ﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺒـ‬
‫ﺩﻴﻭﻨﻴﺯﻭﺱ‪ ،‬ﻟﻤﺎ ﺼـﺎﺤﺒﻬﻤﺎ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻭﻴﺭﻭﻱ ﺒﻭﺯﺍﻨﻴﺎﺱ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺘﱢﻴﺱ ﻜﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻋﻔِﻴﻔﹰﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻘـﺩ ﺤـﺎﻭ‪‬ل ﺍﻟﺸـﺎﺏ ﺃﻥ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻼ ﺃﻨﺠﺒﺘـﻪ ﺍﺒﻨـﺔ ﻨﻬـﺭ‬
‫ﻰ ﺠﻤـﻴ ﹰ‬
‫ﻓﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻴﺒﺎ ِﺩﻟﹶﻬﺎ ﺇﻴﺎﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜـﻥ ﺍﻷﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﻅﻤـﻰ‬
‫"ﺃﺠﺩﻴﺴﺘﺱ"؛ ﻭﻫﻭ ﻭﺤﺵ ﻤﻥ ﺫﺭﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ﻭﺭﻴ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﻓﻘﺘﻠﺘﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﺎ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻤﻨﻪ ﺇﻻ‬
‫ﺯﻴﻭﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﺸﻘﺘﻪ ﺃﺠﺩﻴﺴﺘﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺨﺼ‪‬ﻰ ﻨﻔﺴـﻪ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﹶﻨﺩِﻡ‪ ‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓِ ‪‬ﻌﹶﻠﺘِﻪِ ﻭ ﹶ‬
‫ﺕ ﺃﻨﱠﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺒﺈﻴـﺎ ﺍﺒﻨـﺔ‬
‫ﹶﺘﺒ‪ ‬ﻴ ﹶﻨ ﹾ‬
‫ﺠﻨﹸﻭﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻨـﺎ ﺭﻭﺍﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺓ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺩﻯ‬
‫ـﻊ ﺇﺤـ‬
‫ـﻪ ﻤـ‬
‫ـﻔﺕ ﺨﻴﺎﻨﺘـ‬
‫ﺍﻜﺘﺸـ‬
‫ﺴﺎﻨﺠﺎﺭﻴﻭﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻨـﻪ ﻤـﻥ ﻨﺴـل‬
‫ﺠﻨﹸـﻭﻥ‬
‫ﻤﻴﺩﺍﺱ ﺃﺼـﺎﺒﺘﻪ ﺒﻨﻭﺒـﺔ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨﺼ‪‬ﻰ ﻨﻔﺴ‪‬ﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻨﺩﻤﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﻌﻠﺘﻬﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﺠ‪‬‬
‫ل ‪‬‬
‫ﻅﱠ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻟﺤﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺯﻴﻭﺱ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﺏ ﺼ‪‬ــﺤِﻴﺤ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﺃﻻ ﻴ‪‬ﺼــﺎﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠــﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﺒﻴ‪‬ﻥ ﺘـﺄﺜﻴﺭ ﺃﺴـﻁﻭﺭﺓ *‬
‫ﺃﻓﺭﻭﺩﻴﺕ ﻭﺃﺩﻭﻨﻴﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺫﻫﺏ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﺃﺘﻴﺱ )ﻭﻫـﻭ ﺍﻻﺒـﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻘِـﻴﻡ‬
‫ﻟﻜﻼﻭﺱ ﻓﻲ ﻓﺭﻴﺠﻴﺎ( ﺫﻫـﺏ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ل ﻭﺍﻟ ﹶﻔﻨﹶﺎ ِﺀ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﺫﻫﺏ ﺃﺭﻨﻭﺒﻴﻭﺱ‬
‫ﺤﱡﻠ ِ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟ ﱠﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻟﻴﺩﻴﺎ؛ ﻟﻜـﻲ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻨﺸﹸـ ‪‬ﺭ ﻋِﺒـﺎﺩ‪ ‬ﹶﺓ ﺍﻷﻡ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﺨﺼ‪‬ﻰ ﻨﻔﺴﻪ ﹶﺘﺤ‪‬ـ ﹶ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺘﱢﻴﺱ ﹶ‬
‫ﺨ ﹾﻨﺯِﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺒﺭ‪‬ﻱ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻅﻤﻰ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺘﻠﻪ ِ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﺼ ﹶﻨ ‪‬ﻭﺒ‪‬ﺭِ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﹶﻨﺒ‪‬ـ ﹶ‬
‫ﺇﺤﺩﻯ ﺃﺸﺠﺎﺭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﺄﻤﺭ ﻤﻥ *ﺯﻴﻭﺱ‪.‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺃﺘﱢﻴﺱ ﻭﺒﻴﻥ "*ﺒﺎﻥ" ﻭ"*ﺴﺎﺒﺎﺯﻴﻭﺱ"‬
‫ﺤﺒ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫ﺤﺏ‪ ‬ﺃﺘﹼـﻴﺱ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻅﻤﻰ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﹸﺘ ِ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﻭ"ﻟﻴﺩﻴﺎ"‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﺍﻨﺘﺸـﺭﺕ ﻓـﻲ ﺒِـﻼﺩ‬
‫ـﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻷﻡ‬
‫ـﺩ ﺇﻟـ‬
‫ـﺫﻫﺏ ﺃﻭﻓﻴـ‬
‫ﻭﻴـ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺩﺍﺌﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺒـ *ﺍﻷﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﻅﻤﻰ ﻟﻶﻟﻬﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﻨﺎﺌِﺤ ﹰﺔ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‪.‬‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﺴﻡ" ﺘﻲ ﺘﻭﻤﻭ"؛ ﺃﻱ ﺃﺼل ﻜل‬
‫ﺠﻤﻴل‪ ،‬ﻴﻤﺜل ﺍﻹﻟﻪ ﺃﺘﻴﺱ‪ .‬ﻭﻴـﺭﻭﻱ‬
‫ﺞ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺴ ﹾﻔﺤِﻬﺎ ‪‬ﺯ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒ ﹶﻨ ﹾﻔﺴ‪‬ـ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻨﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﺘﱢﻴﺱ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺼـل ﺇﻟﻬ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫ِﺩﻤ‪‬ﺎ ِﺌ ِﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﺃﺠل ﺫﻟﻙ ‪‬ﻴﻘﹶـﺎ ‪‬ﻡ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻟﻠﺯ‪‬ﺭﻉ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﱠﻤﺎﺀ ﺃﻭ ﺭ‪‬ﻭﺤ‪‬ﺎ ﺘﺤل ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻡ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺸﺭﻴﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺸـﻬﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﺠﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﻴﺒﺩﻭ ﺫﻟﻙ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻗﺘﺭﺍﻨﻪ‬
‫ﻁ ‪‬ﻊ ﻓﻴﻪ‬
‫ل ﺘﹸ ﹾﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﻤﺎﺭﺱ ﻤﻥ ﻜل ﻋﺎﻡ ﺤ‪‬ﻔ ٌ‬
‫ﺼ ﹶﻨ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺒﺭِ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻴ‪‬ﻘﺎل ﺇﻨـﻪ‬
‫ﺒﺸﺠﺭﺓ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫‪٢٦‬‬
‫ل ﻟﻅﻬﻭﺭ‬
‫ﻟﻨﻔﺴﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﻭ‪‬ﻓﹶﺎ ِﺘﻪِ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻌ ِﺜ ِﻪ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻤﺜِﻴ ٌ‬
‫ﺸﻤ‪‬ﺔ ﻭﺍﻻ ﹾﻨ ِﺩﻓﹶﺎﻉ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ‬
‫ﺠﺴ‪ ‬ﻡ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻘ ‪‬ﻭ ﹶﺓ ﺍﻟﻐﺎ ِ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﺩ‪‬ﺓ‬
‫ﻭﻅﺎﺌﻔﻬﺎ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻨﻭ‪‬ﻋﺔ؛ ﻓﻘﺩ ‪‬ﻭ ِﻫﺒ‪‬ﺕ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺜﱢﻤﺎﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺭﺒِﻴﻊ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺍﺨﺘﻔﺎﺌﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭِﻫﺎ ﺍﻹﻟﻬﺔ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺍﻋﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﺼ‪‬ﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺫﱠﻜﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺭﺍﻋـﺔ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱢﺘﺎﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻠﺩ‪‬ﻭﻟﺔ ﺤﺎﻤِﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺸﺎﺌﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻘﺩ ﹶﻟ ِﻌﺒ‪‬ﺕ‬
‫ﺨﻴ‪‬ل‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻬـﺎﺭﺓ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺽ ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻨﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻌﺘﻘـﺩ ﺃﻨﻬـﺎ ﺃﻨﺸـﺄﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱢﻌﺭﻱ "ﺒﺎﻻﺱ" ﻓﺭﺒﻤـﺎ ﺍﻗﺘـﺭﻥ‬
‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ "ﺃﺭﻴﻭﺒـﺎﺠﻭﺱ"‪ .‬ﻭﺭﺒﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺒﺎﺴﻤﻬﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﺤﻜﻲ‬
‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺃﺜﻴﻨﺎ ﻤـﻥ ﺁﻟﻬـﺔ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺘﹶﻠﺕِ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ـﺎ ِﺭ ‪‬ﺩ "ﺒـﺎﻻﺱ" ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻋﺒ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟﻔـﺎ ِﺘﺤ‪‬ﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻤﺔ‪ ،‬ﺜـﻡ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺒـﻴﻥ ﺍﻹﻟﻬـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﹶﻨﺸِﺒ‪ ‬ﹾ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺨﺼ‪‬ﻴﻪ‬
‫ﺘﺤﻭ‪‬ل ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﺒﻌﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﹶ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ "*ﺁﺭﺱ" ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ ﻜـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻬﺎ ﺃﻟﻘﺎﺏ ‪‬ﻤﺘﹶﻌﺩ‪‬ﺩﺓ ﺘﺸـﻴﺭ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺃﺗﻴﻼ‬
‫‪ATTILA‬‬
‫ﺍﻨﻅﺭ‪ :‬ﺁﺘﻠﻲ ‪.Atli‬‬
‫ﺃﹶﺛِﻴﻨ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫‪ATHENA‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻴﺎﻨـﺔ ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴﻘﻴـﺔ ﺇﻟﻬـ ﹸﺔ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻵ ِﺭﻴ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻟﺒﻼﺩ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺎﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻘﺩ ﺒ‪ ‬ﹶﺫﹶﻟ ﹾ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺭ‪‬ﺩﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻨـﺎﻙ ‪‬ﻤﺴ‪‬ـﺤ‪‬ﺔ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺤـﺎﻭ‪‬ﻻﺕ ﻟﻜـﻲ ﹸﺘ ﹾﺜﺒِـ ﹸ‬
‫‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁ ِﻤﻴ‪‬ﺔ" ﻓﻲ ﺍﺴﻡ "ﺠﻠﻭﻜـﻭﺒﻴﺱ"‬
‫"ﺍﻟﻁﱠﻭ ﹶ‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺘﻬﺎ ﺒِﺎﻟ ‪‬ﺒﺭ‪‬ﻕ ﻭﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻋﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜـﻥ ﻻ‬
‫ﺃﻭ "ﺍﻟﺒﻭﻤﺔ" ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺭﺒﻤﺎ ﻋﺒﺩﺕ ﻗﺒـل‬
‫ل ﻴ‪‬ﺅﻴ‪‬ﺩ ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﻜﺎﻨـﺕ ﺇﻟﻬـﺔ‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﻭﺠﺩ ‪‬ﺩﻟِﻴ ٌ‬
‫ﺃﺜﻴﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﺃﺼﺒﺤﺕ ﻜﻤﺎ ﻴﺤﺩﺙ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺠﺴ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟﻅﻭﺍﻫﺭ ﺍﻟﻜﻭﻨﻴـﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﹸﺘ ﹶﻔﺴ‪‬ﺭ ﺃﻭ ﹸﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻟِﺏ ﺭﻓﻴﻘﺔ ﻟﻺﻟﻬﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺨﻠﻔﺘﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺍﻋِﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﹸﺒﺭ‪‬ﻯ ﻟِﻠ ‪‬ﻤﺩ‪‬ﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒﺨﺎﺼ‪‬ـﺔ‬
‫ﻕ ﺒﺘﻔﺴـﻴﺭ ﻤﻭﻟـﺩﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻫـﻡ‬
‫ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘﻌ‪‬ﱠﻠ ﹸ‬
‫ﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ ﺃﺜﻴﻨﺎ؛ ﺤﻴﺙ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺘﻌﺩ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺃﻋﻴﺎﺩﻫﺎ ﻫـﻭ "ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻨﺎﺜﻴﻨـﺎﻱ" ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬
‫ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺜﺔ ﺍﻟ ِﻌﻅﹶﺎﻡ‪ :‬ﺃﺜﻴﻨﺎ ﻭﺯﻴﻭﺱ‬
‫ﻴﻨﺘﻅﻡ ﺴﺒﺎﻕ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺸﹶﺎﻋِل ﻭﺍﻟـ ‪‬ﺯﻭ‪‬ﺍﺭِﻕ‪.‬‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺤﺭ‪‬ﺏ؛‬
‫ﺤ ﹾﻜﻤ‪‬ﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﹸﻨﻭﻥ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻠﹸﻭﻡ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺩﻭﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻜﺒﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻓﻲ ﺘﻁـﻭﻴﺭ ﺍﻷﻓﻜـﺎﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﺔ ﻭﺘﺭﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻁﻔﺎل‪ .‬ﺃﻤﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﺒﻬ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﻋ ﹾﺫﺭ‪‬ﺍﺀ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺒﻭﺼﻔﻬﺎ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻲ ﺇﻟﻬﺔ ‪‬‬
‫ﺇﻟﻬﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺤﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻭﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻟـ ﱡﻨﻅﹸﻡ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻬ ‪‬ﻡ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ ﻭﻜل ﺸﻲﺀ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺘﺩﻋﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﺔ ﻭﺍ ‪‬ﺯ ِﺩﻫ‪‬ﺎﺭِﻫـﺎ‪ ،‬ﻤﺜـل‬
‫ﺨ ﹶﺘﺭ‪‬ﻋ‪‬ﺎﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺯ‪‬ﺭﺍﻋﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻨﺎﻋﺔ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾ‬
‫ﺨ ﹶﺘﺭِﻋ‪‬ـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺒﻬـﺫﻩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺜﹶﺎﺒ‪‬ـﺔ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎﺱ‬
‫ﻋﱠﻠ ‪‬ﻤ ِ‬
‫ﺸﺠﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺯ‪‬ﻴﺘﹸﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻘﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﺜﱢﻴﺭﺍﻥ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ﺎ ﻜﻴﻑ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻌﱢﻠﻘﹸﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬ﻴ َ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤِﺤﺭﺍﺙ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﻴﻑ ﻴﺴﺘﺄﻨﺴﻭﻥ ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﻠﱢﺠﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻨﺴـﺏ ﺇﻟﻴﻬـﺎ ﺍﺒﺘﻜـﺎﺭ‬
‫ﻋﻤ‪‬ل ﺘﺴﺘﻁﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺃﺓ ﺃﻥ ﹶﺘﻘﹸﻭ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﻭﻜل ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﻪ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺠﺎﻨﺏ ﺒﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻔﻥ ﻭﺼِﻴﺎﻏﹶﺔ‬
‫ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻤﺠ‪‬ــ ‪‬ﺩ ﻫــﻲ ﻭ"ﻫﻴﻔﺎﻴﺴــﺘﺎﺱ"‬
‫ﻥ ﻟﻠﻔﻨﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﺭﻓﻴﻌﺔ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭِﻫﻤﺎ ﺭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻔﻴﺩﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻤﺜﱢل ﺒﺼﻔﺘﻬﺎ ﺇﻟﻬﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ‪‬ﻌﻘﱡل ﻭﺍﻟﺫﹶﻜﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﻓﻲ ﻤ‪‬ﻘﺎﺒِل‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ل ﻋﺒﻘﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺏ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﻨـﻭﻥ‬
‫ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻤﺜﱢ ُ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻵﺩﺍﺏ‪ .‬ﻭﻤﻌﺒﺩﻫﺎ ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﺒـﺎﺭﺜﻴﻨﻭﻥ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﻜﺭﻭﺒﻭﻟﻴﺱ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﻨــﺘﻅﻡ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻭ ِﻜﺒ‪‬ــﺎ ‪‬ﻴ ﱠﺘﺠِــ ‪‬ﻪ ﻤــﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻜﺭﻭﺒﻭﻟﻴﺱ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻗﺭﻴﺔ "ﺸـﻴﺭﻭﻥ"‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺫِﺭﻭ‪‬ﺓ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻴﻑِ؛ ﻭﺫﻟﻙ ﻟﻠﺘﻭﺴـل‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘﺩ‪‬ﺕ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺒـﻭﺩﺓ ﻤﻜﺎ ﹶﻨﺘﹶﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﻁﺄَﺓ ﺍﻟﺤـﺭ‪،‬‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻹﻟﻬﺔ ﺒﺘﺨﻔﻴﻑ ‪‬ﻭ ﹾ‬
‫ﻜﺈﻟﻬﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺩﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻬﺎ ﻅﻠﱠﺕ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻤﺠ‪‬ﺩ ﹰﺓ‬
‫ﻭﻋﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺤﺩ‪‬ﺍﺩﻴﻥ ﻭﻋﻴـﺩ ﺍﻟﻁﻬـﺎﺭﺓ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺘﻴﺎﻥ ﻓـﻲ ﺃﺜﻴﻨـﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ـﺎﻥ‬
‫ـﻭﻉ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨـ‬
‫ـﻲ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺒـ‬
‫ـﻭﺩﺓ ﻓـ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻌﺒـ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺠﻤﻴل؛ ﺤﻴﺙ ﺘﻐﺴـل ﺘﻤﺎﺜﻴﻠﻬـﺎ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺼﻨﹶﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻷﺤﺫﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻨـﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﱠﻫﺏ ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻭﺃﺒﻭﻟﻭ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺩﻴﻨـﺔ ﺃﺜﻴﻨـﺎ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻥ ﺃﻋﻴﺎﺩﻫﺎ ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ﺎ "ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺭﻭﻓﻭﺭﻴﺎ"‪،‬‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﻼﺤ‪‬ﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺠﻠﹶﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤِ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺭﻗﺎﻡ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺎﻱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬
‫ﺦ ﺍﻟﻬِﻴﻠﻴﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴ ِ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﺠ ـﺭ‪‬ﺍﻑ ﻭﺨﺎِﻟ ﹶﻘـ‬
‫ﺤ ـﺭ‪‬ﺍﺙ ﻭﺍﻟ ِﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ِﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺩﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﺜﻤﺔ ﺃﻟﻘـﺎﺏ ﺃﺨـﺭﻯ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﺸﺒﻴﺔ ﻭ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﺯﻴ‪‬ﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺭﻭﺩﺱ‪ .‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﻋﺒﺩﺕ ﻓـﻲ ﻤﺼـ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺄﻟﻭﻑ ﺃﻥ ﹸﺘ ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﺩﻡ‪ ‬ﻟﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻬﺩ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨـﺎﻨﻲ ﻓـﻲ ﻤﺩﻴﻨـﺔ‬
‫ﺇﺒﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺭﺍﻥ‬
‫ـﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺜﱢﻴـ‬
‫ـﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒ ﹶﻘـ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻘـﺭ‪‬ﺍﺒِﻴﻥ ﻤـ‬
‫"ﺴﺎﻴﺱ"‪.‬‬
‫ل ﻓﻲ ﺼﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬
‫ﺨﺭ‪‬ﺍﻑ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻤﺜﱠ ُ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫‪٢٧‬‬
‫ل ﺭ‪‬ﻤﺤ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺃﺴﻬﺎ ﺨﹸﻭﺫﹶﺓ‪،‬‬
‫ﺘﹶﺤ ِﻤ ُ‬
‫ﺡ‬
‫ﺃﺜﻴﻨﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﺼﺒﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺏ ﻨﹸـﻭ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﻭﻻﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﺵ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺭﺃﺱ‬
‫ﻥ ِﺒ ِﺩ ‪‬ﺭﻉٍ‪ ،‬ﹸﻨﻘِ ﹶ‬
‫ﺼ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘﺤ‪ ‬‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﺠ‪‬‬
‫ﺸِ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺸﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ *ﻤﻴﺩﻭﺴﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻷﻨِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺜﻤ‪‬ﺔ ِﻗﺼ‪‬ﺔ ﻋﺭﺒﻴﺔ ﻗﺩﻴﻤﺔ ﺘﺫﻫﺏ‬
‫ﻏﻭﻟﺔ ‪‬ﻤﺨِﻴﻔﹶﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﻨﺴﺏ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﻭﻤﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺜﱡﻌﺒــﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻐﹸــﺭ‪‬ﺍﺏ ﻭﺍﻟــﺩ‪‬ﺭﻉ‪.‬‬
‫ﺤﻴ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺃﺤﺎﻁﹶﺕ ﺒﺭﺅﻭﺴـﻬﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻓﻲ ِﻗﺼ‪‬ـ ِﺔ ﺍﻟﻁﻭﻓـﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺎﻨﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺴﺨﹶﺎ‬
‫ﺴ ﹾﻠﻤ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﻤ ِ‬
‫ﺸﻘﹶﻴﻥ َﺃﺠ‪‬ﺄ ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻭﺘﻤﺎﺜِﻴﻠﹸﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﺤﺭﺱ ﻤﺭﺘﻔﻌـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺃﺼــﺩﺭ ﺯﻴــﻭﺱ ﺃﻤــﺭﻩ ﺇﻟــﻰ‬
‫ﺕ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﻓﻅِﻴﻊ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟ ِﻘﺼ‪‬ـﺔ ﹶﺘﻤ‪‬ـ ﱡ‬
‫*ﺒﺭﻭﻤﻴﺜﻴﻭﺱ ﻭﺃﺜﻴﻨﺎ ﺒﺈﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺘﹶﻌﻤِﻴﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﺒﺴﺒﺏ؛ ﻷﻥ ﺍﻻﺴﻤﻴﻥ )ﺃﺠ‪‬ﺄ‬
‫ل ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺸﻜﱢﻼ ﹶﺘﻤ‪‬ﺎﺜِﻴـ َ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺭﺽ؛ ﺒِﺄﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﺴ ﹾﻠﻤ‪‬ﻰ( ﻴ‪ ‬ﹶﺘﺭ‪ ‬ﺩﺩ‪‬ﺍﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﱡﻐﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻭ‪‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﱢﻴﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﺸﹶﺭ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ َﺃ ‪‬ﺭﺴ‪َ ‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻤﺔ ﻭﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﱠﻠ ‪‬ﻬﺠ‪‬ـﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﻼﻤِـﺢ‪،‬‬
‫ﺠﻤ‪‬ﺎل‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﺴِـﻴﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶ‬
‫ﺒﺎﺭِﻋﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫"ﺒﺭﺴﻴﻭﺱ" ﺭﺃﺱ "ﻤﻴﺩﻭﺴﺎ"؛ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘﻠﱠﺩﺕ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﺩ ﹶﻨﺘﹸﻪ ﻤﻥ ﺒﻨﻲ‬
‫ﺘﺴﻊ ﻟﻠﻬﺠﺭﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ‪‬‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ ﺃﺜﻴﻨﺎ ﺘﻤﺜﻠﻬـﺎ ﻭﻫـﻲ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭﻓﹶـ ‪‬ﻊ‬
‫ﺩِﺭﻋ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﻠـﻭﺡ ﺒﺭﻤﺤﻬـﺎ ﻟﺘﺼـﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻭ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﻌﺩ ﺃﺜﻴﻨﺎ ﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﹰـﺎ ﺼِـ ﹾﻨﻭ‪‬ﺍ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ـﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻹﻟﻬـ‬
‫ـﺔ *ﻤﻴﻨﻴﺭﻓـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﻤﺎﻨﻴـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﺴﻴﺔ *ﺃﻨﺎﻫﻴﺘﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﺤﻜﻲ ﺍﻷﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺎﻨﻴﺔ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺃﺜﻴﻨﺎ ﺍﺒﻨﺔ ﺯﻴﻭﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺭﻭﻱ "ﻫﻴﺴﻴﻭﺩ"‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﺃﻤﻬﺎ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ "ﻤﺘـﻴﺱ"‪ ،‬ﻭﺨﺸـﻲ‬
‫ﻕ‬
‫ﺯﻴﻭﺱ ﺃﻥ ﺘﻨﺠﺏ ﻟﻪ ﺍﺒﻨﹰـﺎ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺘﻔﹶـ ‪‬ﻭ ﹸ‬
‫ل ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ؛ ﻓﺄﻏﺭﺍﻫﺎ ﺒﺄﻥ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘﺤ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻭ َ‬
‫ﺡ ﻟﺘﻨﻔﺦ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺭﻴ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﺜﻴﻨﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺠﺒﻬﺘﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﺭﻭﻱ "ﺒﻨﺩﺍﺭ" ﺃﻥ‬
‫"ﻫﻴﻔﺎﻴﺴــﺘﻭﺱ" ‪Hephaestus‬‬
‫ﺱ ﺯﻴﻭﺱ ﺒِ ﹶﻔ ْﺄﺴِﻪِ ﻓﺒﺭﺯﺕ‬
‫ﺍ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘﺯ‪‬ﻉ‪ ‬ﺭﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﺽ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺜﻴﻨﺎ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺍﺒﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﻤـﺎﺭِﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﻨﱠﺢ "ﺒﺎﻻﺱ"‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻗﺘﻠﺘﻪ ﺒﻌـﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺭﻭﺍﻴﺔ ﺃﺨﺭﻯ ﺘﻘـﻭل ﺇﻨﻬـﺎ ﺍﺒﻨـﺔ‬
‫"*ﺒﻭﺴﺎﻴﺩﻭﻥ" ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻭﺭﻴﺔ "*ﺘﺭﻴﺘﻭﻥ"‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﻟﻴﺒﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻘﺎل ﺇﻨﻬـﺎ ﺍﺨﺘﺭﻋـﺕ‬
‫ﻱ ﻓﻲ ﻟﻴﺒﻴـﺎ ﻋﻨـﺩﻤﺎ ﺍﻨﺘـﺯﻉ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﹶﭼ‪‬ﺎﺳ‪‬ﺘِﻲ ﺃﻭ ﺃﭼﺎﺳ‪‬ﺘِﻴﺎ‬
‫‪AJA' AND SALMA‬‬
‫ﺠﺒ‪‬ﻼﻥ ﻤ‪‬ﺘﻭﺍ ِﺯﻴ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﻓﻲ ﹶﻨﺠ‪‬ﺩ ﺒﺸـﺒﻪ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪AGASTI OR‬‬
‫‪AGASTYA‬‬
‫ﺴ ﹾﻠﻤ‪‬ﻰ ﻜﺎﻨﺎ ﻋﺎﺸِـﻘﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺠ‪‬ﺄ ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻑ ﻤﺸﻬﻭﺭ ﻟﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻷﻨﺎﺸـﻴﺩ‬
‫‪‬ﻤ َﺅﱢﻟ ﹲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﻴﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﺫﻫﺏ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﺍﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﭭِﻴ ِﺩﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻬﻨﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﺫﺍﻉ ﺼـﻴﺘﻪ‬
‫ﻀﻨﹶﺔ‬
‫ﻴﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺒﻴﺕ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﻭﺠ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺤﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻑ ﺃﻤ ‪‬ﺭﻫﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍ ﹾﻜ ﹸﺘﺸِـ ﹶ‬
‫ﺴ ﹾﻠﻤ‪‬ﻰ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﺎ ﺇ ِ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺤﺘﱠﻰ ﹶﻓﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻭﺍﺩﻱ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﻭﺠ‪‬ﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬
‫ﻴﻘﻊ ﺒﻴﻥ ﻫﺫﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺠﺒﻠﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻓﻁﺎﺭﺩﻫﻤﺎ‬
‫ﺫﻭﻭﻫﻤﺎ ﻭﻗﺘﻠﻭﻫﻤـﺎ ﺸﹶـ ‪‬ﺭ ﻗﺘﻠـﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﺭﻭﻱ ﻴﺎﻗﻭﺕ ﻋﻥ ﺍﺒﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﺒﻲ ﺃﻨﻪ‬
‫ﺸﻔِ ِﻪ ﻭ ‪‬ﺯﻫ‪‬ـ ِﺩ ِﻩ‪ .‬ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘﺤ‪‬ـﺩ‪‬ﺙ‬
‫ﺒﺴﺒﺏ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻘ ﱡ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻁِﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﻬﻨﺩﻴـﺔ ﻋـﻥ ﻭِﻻ ‪‬ﺩﺘِـ ِﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺤﺭﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺇﺒﺭﻴﻕ ﻤﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﺃﺴﻘﻁ ﻓﻴﻪ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺍﻩ ﻤﺘﺭﺍ ﻭﻓﺎﺭﻭﻨﺎ ﺒﺫﺭﺘﻬﻤﺎ ﻋﻨـﺩ‬
‫ﻤﺸﺎﻫﺩﺘﻬﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﺤﻭﺭﻴﺔ "ﺃﻭﺭﻓﺎﺴـﻲ"‪،‬‬
‫ﻜﺎﻥ ﻴﻭﺠﺩ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺴﻁ ﻫـﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺠﺒـل‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻜﻭ‪‬ﻥ ﻤـﻥ ﺼـﺨﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﺭﺍﻨﻴـﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴﻭﺩ ﺃﻨﻑ ﺃﺤﻤـﺭ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻫﻴﺌـﺔ‬
‫ﺼﻨﹶﻡ‬
‫ﺇﻨﺴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻴﻘﺎل ﻟﻪ "ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺱ"‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻜﺎﻥ ﻴﻌﺒﺩﻩ ﺍﻟﻁﺎﺌﻴﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻤﺭ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺒـﻲ‬
‫ﺼﻠﱠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﺒﺘﺤﻁﻴﻤﻪ ﺴﻨﺔ‬
‫ﺨ ﹾﻠﻘﹸﻪ ﺒﺴﺤﺭ ﻟﻭﺒﺎﻤﻭﺩﺍ ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻴﻠﺔ؛‬
‫ﻭﺘﻡ ﹶ‬
‫ﻓﺘﺯﻭ‪‬ﺝ ﻤﻨﻬﺎ ﻟﻴﻨﺠﺏ ﺃﺒﻨﺎﺀ ﻴﺤﻔﻅﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺤ ﹶﺘﻔﹶـل‬
‫ﹸﺫﺭ‪‬ﻴﺘﹶﻪ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻻﻨﻘـﺭﺍﺽ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻑ ﺍﻤﺘـﺩﺍ ‪‬ﺩ ﺠﺒـﺎل‬
‫ﺒﺫﻜﺭﺍﻩ ﻷﻨﻪ َﺃ ‪‬ﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻏ ِﺘﺼ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺒﻬ‪‬ﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬
‫ﺫﻟﻙ ﻷﻨﻪ ﺤﺎﻭ‪‬ل ﺍ ﹾ‬
‫ﺃﺟ‪‬ﺄ ﻭﺳ‪‬ﻠﹾﻤ‪‬ﻰ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺃﺜﻴﻨﺎ ﻤﻥ ﻫـﺫﺍ ﺍﻟـﺭﺃﺱ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻋﺘﻘـﺩ‬
‫ﺼﻴ‪‬ﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸﹾ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﹸﺫﺒ‪‬ﺎﺒﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺒﺘﻠﻌﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﺃﻨﺠﺏ ﺒﻨﻔﺴـﻪ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻴـﺔ ﻋ‪‬ﹶﻠﻤ‪‬ـﻴ‪‬ﻥ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﻟﻺﻟﻬﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻴﺔ *ﺇﻴﺯﻴﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻹﻟﻬﺔ‬
‫ﺠﺭ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﺠ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻠﹶﻴﻥ ﺍﻨﺘﻘﺎﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻟﻤﺎ ﺍﺭﺘﻜﺒﺎﻩ ﻤﻥ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﻨﺩﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺒﺘﻠﻊ ﻤﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﺤـﻴﻁ‪ .‬ﻭﻗـﺩ‬
‫ﺠﺎﺀ ﻓﻲ ﻜﺘﺎﺏ "*ﺍﻟﻤﻬﺎﺒﻬﺎﺭﺍﺘـﺎ" ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺕ ﻤ‪‬ﻌ‪‬ﻭﻨﹶـ ﹶﺔ ﺃﭽ‪‬ﺎﺴ‪‬ـﺘِﻲ‪،‬‬
‫ﻁﹶﻠﺒ‪ ‬ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ ﹶ‬
‫‪٢٨‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻴﺎﻁِﻴﻥ ﻟﻤﺤﺎﺭﺒﺔ ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺨﺘﺒﺄﻭﺍ‬
‫ﻤﻨﺫ ﺃﻥ ﺘﺭﻜﻬـﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻨـﺎﻙ ﺤﻜﺎﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﺴ‪‬ﻤﺎﺀ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﺫﻟﻙ ﺘﻭﺼﻑ ﺍﻟﺸـﻤﺱ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻴﻁ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﺯﻤﻭﺍ ﺃﻥ ﻴﻌﻤﻠـﻭﺍ‬
‫ﻫﻨﺩﻭﺴﻴﺔ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭﻭِﻱ ﺃﻥ ﺃﭽﺎﺴﺘﻲ ﺍ ‪‬ﺒ ﹶﺘﻠﹶـ ‪‬ﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺸﺭﻗﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻤﺱ ﺍﻟﻐﺎ ِﺭﺒ‪‬ﺔ ﺒﺄﻨﻬﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻀﺩ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺠﺎل ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻘﺩ‪‬ﺴـﻴﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﺭ‪‬ﺍ ِﻫﻤ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺴﻌﻭﺍ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻘﻀ‪‬ـﺎﺀِ‬
‫ﻜﹶﺒﺸﹰﺎ ﺸﹶﻴﻁﹶﺎ ِﻨﻴ‪‬ﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻜـﺎﻥ ﻴﻨﺘﻅـﺭ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻴﻘﻀﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﭽﺎﺴﺘﻲ ﻭﻫﻭ ﻤﺴـﺘﻘﺭ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﻴﻨﹶﺎ ﺁﭽﺒﻲ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻤﺘﱠﻊ ﺁﭽﺒﻲ ﺒﻘﹸـﻭﻯ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻉ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ‪ .‬ﻭﻋﻨـﺩ ﺫﻟـﻙ ﻫ‪‬ـ ِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺹ‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺒﻁﻨﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﺃﭽﺎﺴﺘﻲ ﹸ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺴ ِﻘﻁﹸ ﺍﻟﻤﻁﺭ‪‬؛ ﻭﻟﺫﻟﻙ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺭﺴِـ ُ‬
‫ﻜﻴﻑ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻟﻪ ﻤﻜﺎﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺴـﻤﻭﺍﺕ ﻭﺃﺼـﺒﺢ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺭ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻤـﻪ ﻓﺘﻌﻤـل‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﺭﺍ ِﺩﻓﹰﺎ ﻟﻜﺎﻨﻭﺒﻭﺱ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺴﻘﻭﻁﻪ ﻓﻲ ﻫﻴﺌﺔ ﻤﻁﺭ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ـﻥ‬
‫ـﺔ ﻤـ‬
‫ـﺩﺕ ﺠﻤﺎﻋـ‬
‫ـﺩﻤﺎ ﺍﺤﺘﺸـ‬
‫ﻋﻨـ‬
‫ﻷﻥ ﺍﻟﺠﺒﺎل ﻟﻡ ﺘﺭﺘﻔﻊ ﺸِﺒﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻭﺍﺤـﺩ‪‬ﺍ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺘﻘِﻲ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﺤ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺏ ﻤﻴـﺎﻩ‬
‫ﺃﭽﺎﺴﺘﻲ ﻟﻨﺠﺩﺘﻬﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﺸﹶـ ِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺄ‬
‫ـﻥ ﻤﺨﺒـ‬
‫ﻑ ﻋـ‬
‫ﺸـ ﹶ‬
‫ـﻴﻁ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻜ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺎﻁﻴﻥ ﻟﺘﺼﺭﻋﻬﻡ ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻌل‬
‫ﺴﺘِﻲ ﻫﻭ ﺃﻨﻪ‬
‫ﻋﻤ‪‬ل ﻗﺎﻡ ﺒﻪ ﺃﭽ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻋﻅﻡ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨﺎﺭِﻗﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻊ ﺫﻟﻙ ﻓﺈﻨﻪ ﻻ ﻴﻌـﺭﻑ‬
‫ﻭ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﺭﺩ‪ ‬ﺩ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻁﻴﺭ ﺃﻥ ﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‪ .‬ﻭ ﹶﺜ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺔ ﺍﻋﺘﻘـﺎﺩ‬
‫ﻑ ‪‬ﻤﺴ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫‪‬ﻤﻨﹶﻊ ﺠﺒﺎل ﻓﻨﺩﻴﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺃﻥ ﹶﺘﻘِ ﹶ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻤﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻨﻪ ﻴﺘﺤﻜﱠﻡ ﻓـﻲ ﻤﻴـﺎﻩ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺭ‪،‬‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ﻴﺼﻁﺩﻡ ﺒﺴﻔﻴﻨﺔ ﻓﻲ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻤﺱ؛ ﻭﺫﻟﻙ ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﺃﺨﺫﺕ ﺠﺒﺎل‬
‫ـﺘﺭﺩ‬
‫ـﺘﻁﺎﻉ ﺃﻥ ﻴﺴـ‬
‫ـﻴﻁ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺴـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤـ‬
‫ﻴﺩل ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺁﭽﺒﻲ ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﺘﺴﺒ‪‬ﺏ‬
‫ﻓﻨﺩﻴﺎ ﺘﹶﻌﻠﹸﻭ ﻭﺘﹶﻌﻠﹸﻭ ﺤﺘﱠﻰ ﺘﺘﺠﺎﻭﺯ ﻗِ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺱ ﻟﻺﻨﺴﺎﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﻫـﻭ ﻻ ﻴـﺯﺍل‬
‫ﻓﻴﻪ‪ .‬ﺃﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﺒﺭﻕ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﻭﻤﺽ ﻓﻭﻕ‬
‫ﺠﺒل ﻤﻭﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻴـﺩﻭﺭ ﺤﻭﻟﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺱ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻤﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﺨﺸﻲ ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻴﻌﻴﺵ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻥ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻻ ‪‬ﻴﺭ‪‬ﻯ‪ ،‬ﻓﻭﻕ ﺘل‬
‫ﺃﭽﺎﺴﺘﻴﺎ ﻓـﻲ ﺘﺭﺍﻓـﺎﻨﻜﻭﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﻌـﺩ‬
‫ﺴﻁﺢ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻓﻴﻜﻭﻥ ﺒﻔﻌل ﻤـﺎﻭﻭ‬
‫ﺘﻭﻗﻑ ﺠﺒﺎل ﻓﻨﺩﻴﺎ ﻤﺴﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﺸـﻤﺱ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﺱ ﺍﻟﺭﺍﻋﻲ ﻟﺠﻨﻭﺒﻲ ﺍﻟﻬﻨﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﻫﺎﻴﺘﻲ ﺒﺎﺴﻡ ﺃﭽـﻭﻱ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺃﭽـﻭﻱ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﻀــل ﻓــﻲ ‪‬ﻫﺒ‪‬ــﻭﺏ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻴــﺎﺡ‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺭﻕِ‪ ،‬ﻋﻨـﺩﻤﺎ‬
‫ﺴﺎﺌِﺩ ﺒﺄﻥ ‪‬ﻭﻤِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴﻠﹸﻭﺍ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﭽﺎﺴﺘﻲ ﺃﻥ ﻴﻔﻌل ﺸﻴﺌًﺎ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺘﹶﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻊ ﺤﻭﺍ ِﺌﺠ‪‬ﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺎﻡ‬
‫ﺃﭽﺎﺴﺘﻲ ﺇﻻ ﺃﻥ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﻊ ﺃﺴﺭﺘﻪ ﺒﺭﺤﻠﺔ ﻨﺤﻭ ﺍﻟﺠﻨـﻭﺏ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﻭﺼل ﺇﻟﻰ ﺠﺒـﺎل ﻓﻨـﺩﻴﺎ‬
‫ﻁﻠﹶﺏ ﻤﻨﻬﺎ ﺃﻥ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻬﺒ‪‬ﻪ ﻤِﻨﺤ ﹰﺔ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ِﺒﻠﹶـﺕ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻭﻴﻭ؛ ﻭﻫﻭ ﺇﻟﻪ ﻤـﻥ ﻁﺒﻘـﺔ ﺭﺍﺩﺍ‪.‬‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﻟﻴﻭﻗﻑ ﺍﺭﺘﻔﺎﻋﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﺎ ﻜـﺎﻥ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺁﭼ‪‬ﺒِﻲِ‬
‫‪AGBE‬‬
‫)ﺃﻭ ﺴﻭﭽﺒﻭ(‪ .‬ﻭﻴﻌﺭﻑ ﺁﭽﺒﻲ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﹶﻜﺒِﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ ﻓﻲ ‪‬ﻤﺜﹾـﻭ‪‬ﻯ ﺁﻟﻬـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻋــﺩ ﺒــﺩﺍﻫ‪‬ﻭﻤﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﹶــ ‪‬ﺭﻭِﻱ‬
‫ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭ ﹸﺓ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻤﻪ ﺴﻭﭽﺒﻭ )ﻭﻫـﻲ‬
‫ﻤﺭﺍﺩﻓﺔ ﻟﻤﺎﻭﻭ ﻓﻲ ‪‬ﻤﺜﹾـﻭ‪‬ﻯ ﺍﻵﻟﻬـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻴﻌﺘﻘﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺃﻨﻪ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺭ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﻥ ﻟﻪ ﺍﺒﻨﹰﺎ ﻭﺍﺒﻨﺔ ﻫﻤـﺎ ﺃﭽﻭﻴﺘـﻭ‬
‫ﻭﺃﭽﻭﻴﺘﺎ‪ .‬ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘﺸِ ‪‬ﺭ ﻋﺒﺎ ‪‬ﺩﺘﹸﻪ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺤِﻠﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻨﹶﺎﻁِﻕ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺠﺩﻭﻯ؛ ﺇﺫ ﻗﺭ‪‬ﺭ ﺃﻥ ﻴﻤﻜـﺙ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﻡ ﺒﻌـﺽ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﻭﺏ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻷﺒﺩ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺯ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎﺱ ﺃﻨﻪ ﻋـﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜـﻥ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻟﺒﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﻅﻤ‪‬ﻰ ﻤﻨﻬﻡ ﺘﻌﺘﻘﺩ ﺃﻨﻪ ﻟﻡ ﻴﻌﺩ ﺃﺒﺩ‪‬ﺍ‪،‬‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﻭﺁﭽﺒﻲ ﻫﻭ ﺍﺒﻥ ﻤـﺎﻭﻭ ﻭﻟﻴـﺯﺍ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺇﻥ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺒﻌـﺽ ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺍﻴـﺎﺕ ﻻ‬
‫ﹸﺘ ﹶﻔﺭ‪‬ﻕ ﺒﻴﻨﻪ ﻭﺒﻴﻥ ﻟﻴﺯﺍ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﺘﺨﺫ ﺁﭽﺒﻲ‬
‫ﺴﻜﻨﹰﺎ ﻟﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺭ ﺒﺄﺴﺭﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬
‫ﺙ ﻤﻊ ﺃﻤﻪ‪ ،‬ﻴﺫﻫﺏ‬
‫ﻥ ﻟﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻴ‪ ‬ﹶﺘﺤ‪ ‬ﺩ ﹶ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ِﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﺹ ﻟﻬﺎ ﻋﻨـﺩ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎﺭ ﺃﻭ ﺘﺸﺨﻴ ‪‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺒﺫﻟﻙ‪ .‬ﻭﻅﻠﺕ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘﻅِ ‪‬ﺭ ﻋﻭﺩﺘـﻪ ﺩﻭﻥ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﻜﻭﺭ( ﻗﺩ ‪‬ﻋ ِﻬﺩ‪‬ﺕ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺒﺎﻹﺸﺭﺍﻑ ﺁﭼ‪‬ﲏ ﺃﻭ ﺁﭼ‪‬ﻨﻴﺲ‬
‫ﻭﻋﻨﺩ ﺫﻟﻙ ﻁﻠﺏ ﻤﻨﻬﺎ ﺃﻥ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘﻭ‪‬ﻗﱠـﻑ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺸﺌﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ‪.‬‬
‫‪AGNI OR AGNIS‬‬
‫ﻋﻥ ﺍﻻﺭﺘﻔﺎﻉ ﺤﺘﻰ ﻴﻌﻭﺩ ﻓﻭﻋﺩﺘـﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻬﻨﺩﻭﺱ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻭ ﺃﺤﺩ ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺜﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺎﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺃﺴﻔﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﭭﻴﺩﺍ )ﻭﺍﻹﻟﻬـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻵﺨﺭﺍﻥ؛ ﻫﻤﺎ‪ :‬ﺇﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﻤﻁﺭ ﻓﺎﻴﻭ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﺃﻨﺩﺭﺍ ﻭﺇﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺱ ﺴﻭﺭﻴﺎ(‪ ،‬ﻭﻫـﻭ‬
‫‪٢٩‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻭ ﺒﻬﺫﻩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺜﹶﺎﺒ‪‬ﺔ ﻤﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬
‫ﺯﻭﺠﺔ ﺒﻬﺭﻴﺠﻭ‪ ،‬ﻓﻠﻌﻨﻪ ﻭﺩﻋﺎ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ـﻲ ﻫـ‬
‫ـﺎﻥ ﺍﻹﺠﻴﺠـ‬
‫ـﻕ‪ .‬ﻭﻜـ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻓـ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﻜل ﺩﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻌﺘﻘﺩ ﺃﻨـﻪ ﻭﺍﻫـﺏ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟ ‪‬ﻬﻼﹶﻙ ﻭﺍﻟ ﹶﻔﻨﹶﺎﺀ‪ .‬ﻓﺘﻤﺭ‪‬ﺩ ﺁﭽﻨﻲ ﻭﻟﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻌ‪‬ﺎ ِﻭﻨﹶــﺔ ِﻟ ِﻜﺒ‪‬ــﺎﺭ ﺍﻵﻟﻬــﺔ ﺁﻨــﻭ‬
‫ﺠﺴ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻁﻬ‪ ‬ﺭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻨﻪ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻘﺒ‪‬ل ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﻴﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺨﻔﹶﻰ ﻨﻔﺴـﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻤﺎﺭﺩﻭﺥ‪ ...‬ﺇﻟﺦ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻘﺎ ِﺘﻠﹸﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺤﻤل ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﻟﺩ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﻻ ﻏِﻨﻰ ﻋﻨﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﻜﺩ ﻟﻪ ﺒﺭﺍﻫﻤﺎ ﺃﻨـﻪ‬
‫‪‬ﻤﻌ‪‬ﺎﺭِﻙ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺠل ﺒﺎﺒِل‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻓﺎﻉ ﻋﻥ‬
‫ل ﺸﻲﺀ‪ ،‬ﺒﻤﻌﻨﻰ ﺃﻨﻪ‬
‫ﺴﻭﻑ ﻴ‪ ‬ﹾﻠ ﹶﺘﻬِ ‪‬ﻡ ﻜ ﱠ‬
‫ﻗﻀﺎﻴﺎ ﻋﺎﺩِﻟﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﺒﺭﻕ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﱠﻤﺱ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻤﺜﱠ ُ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺘﺫﻫﺏ ﺍﻷﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻨﻪ ﺨﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﻨﻭﻨﺎﻜﻲ ﺃﺭﻭﺍﺡ ﺍﻟﻨﺠـﻭﻡ ﺘﺤـﺕ‬
‫ﺨﻁﹶﺎﻴ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺯﻜﱢﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺱ ﺒﻌﺩ ﻭﻓـﺎﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻜﻬ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﻭﻜـﺎﻫِﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺭﺒﺎﺏ ﻓﻲ ﻫﻴﻜل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻭﺴﻴﻁ‬
‫ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎﺱ‪.‬‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺩﺭﻜﺕ ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺃﻨـﻪ‬
‫ﺴﻭﻑ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻬﻀِﻡ ﻜل ﺸﻲﺀ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﺴـﺘﻨﻔﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺣ‪‬ﻼﹶﻡ‪ ‬ﻭ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﻔﹾﺴِﲑ‪‬ﻫﺎ‬
‫ﺁﭽﻨﻲ ﹸﻗﻭ‪‬ﺘﻪ ﺒﺎﺴﺘﻬﻼﻙ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﻴﺭ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻘﺭ‪‬ﺍﺒِﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺠ ‪‬ﺩﺩ ﻗﻭﺍﻩ ﺒﺈﺤﺭﺍﻕ ﻏﺎﺒﺔ‬
‫‪DREAMS AND‬‬
‫‪ONEIROMANCY‬‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﻘﻭل ﺍﻷﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﺇﻨﻪ ‪‬ﻭِﻟ ‪‬ﺩ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ل ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻴ‪ ‬ﺒ ﹶﺘﻬِﻠﹸﻭﻥ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﻗﺒل ﺍﻟـ ‪‬ﺩﺨﹸﻭ ِ‬
‫‪‬ﺯ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺓ ﺍﻟﻠﻭﺘﺱ‪ .‬ﻭﺠﺎﺀ ﻓﻲ ﺃﺴـﻔﺎﺭ‬
‫ﺨﺎﻨﺩﺍﻓﺎ‪ ،‬ﺒﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻜﺭﺸﻨﺎ ﻭﺃﺭﺠﻭﻨﺎ‬
‫ﺨﹶﻠﻘﹶـﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﭭﻴﺩﺍ ﺃﻥ ﺒﺭﺍﻫﻤﺎ ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﺤﺭﺴﺎﻥ ﻁﺭﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺤﺘﱠﻰ ﻻ ﻴﻬـﺭﺏ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻥ ﺒﻬﺭﻴﺠﻭ ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﺃﻀﺭ‪‬ﻡ ﻓﻴـﻪ‬
‫ﺃﺤﺩ ﻤﻥ ﻤﻜﺎﻨﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺤﺘﻰ ﻻ ﻴﺴﺘﻁﻴﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﻟﻨﺸﺭﻫﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺠـﻪ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‬
‫"*ﺃﻨﺩﺭﺍ" ﺃﻥ ﻴﻭﻗﻑ ﺘﹶﻘ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟﻨﱢﻴـﺭﺍﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻘﻁﻌﺘﻴﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺨﺸﺏ ﺍﺒﺘﻠﻌﻬﻤﺎ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺠﺭ‪‬ﺡ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘﹶﺤﺭِﻴﻙ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﻴﺼﻴﺏ ﺁﭽﻨﻲ ِﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎل‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﺁﭽﻨﻲ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ـﺭ‪‬ﺍﺱ‬
‫ﻭﻴﺒﺘﻬل ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺸﱠـﺎﻕ ﺃﻥ ﻴﺘﻭﺴ‪‬ـﻁ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺜﻤﺎﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ ﻴﺘﻭﻟـﻭﻥ ﺍﻹﺸـﺭﺍﻑ‬
‫ﺒﻴﻨﻬﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻀﺭﻉ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺠﺎل ﻟﻜـﻲ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﺼـﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﺭﺒـﻊ‪.‬‬
‫ﻴﻤﻨﺤﻬﻡ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺭﺠ‪‬ﻭﻟﹶﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﺍﻨﻘﺭﻀـﺕ‬
‫ﻕ ﺒﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺯ‪‬ﺒﺩ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺜﻤﺎﻨﻴﺔ ﺃﻟﺴﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻠ ‪‬ﻌ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻟﺩ‪‬ﻯ ﺍﻟﻬﻨﺩﻭﺱ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺤ‪‬ـﺩِﺜﻴﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻜـﻥ‬
‫ﻓﻭﻕ ﺍﻷﻀﺎﺤﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﻘﺩﻡ ﻗﺭﺒﺎﻨﹰـﺎ‬
‫ﺒﺭﺍﻫﻤﺔ ﺍﻷﺠﻨﻴﻬـﻭﺘﺭﺍ ﻻ ﻴﺯﺍﻟـﻭﻥ‬
‫ﻟﻶﻟﻬﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﹰﺎ ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻟـﻪ ﺜﻼﺜـﺔ‬
‫ـﺎﺭ ﺃﻭ‬
‫‪‬ﻴﻘﹶـ ـ ‪‬ﺩﻤ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻗﹸﺭﺒﺎﻨـ ـﹰﺎ ﻟﻠﻨﱠــ‬
‫ﺭﺀﻭﺱ ﻭﺴﺒﻌﺔ ﺃﺸـﻌﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺭﺘـﺩﻱ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺠﻨﻴﻬﻭﺘﺭﺍ‪.‬‬
‫)ﺍﻟﺭﻴﺢ – ﭭﻴـﺩﺍ(‪ ،‬ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒـﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﺒﻨﹰـﺎ‬
‫ﻭﻴﺭﻜﺏ ﻋﺭﺒﺔ ﺘﺠﺭ‪‬ﻫﺎ ﺠﻴﺎﺩ ﺤﻤﺭﺍﺀ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‪.‬‬
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‫ﺡ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎﺌﻡ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺘﻘِـﻲ ﺨـﻼل‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺭ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻲ ﺴﺎﺌِﺩ ﻫـﻭ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺜﻤﺔ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺸﹶﻌ ِﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﺘﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺒﺎﺕ ﺒﺄﺭﻭﺍﺡ ﻤـﻥ ﺴـﺒﻘﻭﻩ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻌـﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﺍﻵﺨﹶـﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒـﺎﻷﺭﻭﺍﺡ‬
‫ﻁﻘﹸـﻭﺱ‬
‫ﻋﺒﺎ ‪‬ﺩﺘﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻡ ﺘﻌﺩ ﺘﹸﻘﺎﻡ ﻟﻪ ﹸ‬
‫ﺇﺟِﻴﺠِﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻬﺎ ِﺌﻤ‪‬ﺔ ﻟﻐﻴﺭﻩ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﺤﻴـﺎﺀ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺠﺎل ﻭﺍﻟﻨﱢﺴﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻨـﺎﻙ ﺍﻋﺘﻘـﺎﺩ‬
‫ﺴﺎﺌِﺩ ﺒﻴﻥ ﹶﻜﺜِﻴﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﱡﻌﻭﺏ ﺒـﺄﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺤﻼﻡ ﺘﹶﻌﺒﻴﺭ ﻋﻤﺎ ﺴ‪‬ﻴ‪ ‬ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﻊ ﻟﻠﻨﱠﺎﺌﻡ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﻟﻐﻴﺭﻩ ﻤﻥ ‪‬ﻤﻌ‪‬ﺎﺭِﻓﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻴ‪‬ﺅﻜﱢ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﻠﻤ‪‬ـﺎﺀ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺸﻜل ﺜﹸﻌﺒﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺭ‪‬ﻤﺤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺘ ِﻬﺒ‪‬ـﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﺡ ﺃﺜﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻨﻭﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺫﻫﺏ ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺽ‬
‫‪IGIGI‬‬
‫ﺡ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﻅﻬﺭ ﻤﺜل ﺍﻟﻨﺠﻭﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺭﻭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﻷﻓﹸﻕ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺠـﺎﺀ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻤﺎﺀ ﻓﻭﻕ ﺍ ُ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺴـﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﺎ ِﺒِﻠﻴ‪‬ـﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻜـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺤﹸﻠﻤ‪‬ـﻭﻥ ﺃﺜﻨـﺎﺀ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎﺱ ﺠﻤﻴﻌ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱠﻭﻡ ﻁﻭل ﺍﻟﻠﻴل‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻨﻬﻡ ﻗﺩ ﻴ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﻠﹾﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﺤِﺩﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ ﻤﻥ ‪‬‬
‫ـﻼﻡ‬
‫ـﻭﻥ ﺍﻷﺤـ‬
‫ـﻲ ﺃﻥ ﺘﻜـ‬
‫ﻭﻁﺒﻴﻌـ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺤﻤل ﻓﻲ ﻴﺩﻩ ﻟِـﻭﺍ ‪‬ﺀ‬
‫ﹶﺜ ‪‬ﻭﺒ‪‬ﺎ َﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨ ِﻔﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺘﻘﻭﻡ ﺒﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺤﻼﻡ ‪‬ﻤﻐﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻤﺭ‪‬ﺍﺕ ﹶ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﻭ ﺃَﺤﻤ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻭﻥ ﻭﻟـﻪ ﻭﺠﻬـﺎﻥ‬
‫ـﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ـﺩ‪‬ﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـ‬
‫ـﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌ ﹶﺘﻘﹶـ‬
‫ﻤـ‬
‫ﻋﺠِﻴﺒﺔ ﻻ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻤﺸﱠﻰ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻥ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﹶﺜ ‪‬ﻡ ﻴﻠﺠﺄ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼـﻴﻥ‬
‫‪٣٠‬‬
‫ﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ‪‬ﺭﻤ‪‬ﻭﺯ ﺍﻷَﺤﻼﻡ ﻤﻥ ‪‬ﻤﻌ‪‬ﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﺙ ﺭﻭﺍﺠ‪‬ﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻻ ﻤﻥ ﺤﻴ ﹸ‬
‫ﺤﺭ‪‬ﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼــﻴﻥ ﻗــﺩ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ــ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﻌﺘﻘﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺏ – ﻜﻐﻴﺭﻫﻡ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺤﻴﺙ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﺒل ﺇﻥ ﻫﻨـﺎﻙ‬
‫ﻴﺴﺘﻁﻴﻌﻭﻥ ﺍﺴﺘﻌﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟـﺭﻭﺡ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﻭﺏ – ﻓﻲ ﺼِـﺤ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻷﺤـﻼﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﺼ ﱠﻨﻔﹶﺎﺕ ‪‬ﺭ ﱠﺘﺒ‪‬ـﺕ ﺼ‪‬ـﻭﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻜﻠﻴـﺔ‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸﺘﹼﻰ‪.‬‬
‫ﺴﺎﺕ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﺴﻡ ﺒﻁﻘﻭﺱ ﻭ ‪‬ﻤﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ ﺍﺸﺘﻬﺭﻭﺍ ﺒﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭ ﺍﻷﺤﻼﻡ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻨﺘﻘﻠﺕ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻻﻻﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺭﻤﻭﺯ‬
‫ﻼﺤِـﻡ ﻭﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﻴﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺴﻴﺔ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻤ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻷﺠﻴﺎل ﻭﺍﻟﺸـﻌﻭﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭﻭﺠـﺩ‬
‫ﺤﻜﹶﺎﻴ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒﻴﺔ؛ ﻓـﺈﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﻠـﻡ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤِﺜﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻤﺜﺎل ﺍﻷﺤﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻴﻌﺒﺭ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒل ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺸﻭﺩ ﻋﻨـﺩ‬
‫ﺘﻌﺩ ﻤﻥ ﹸﻨ ﹸﺫ ِﺭ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘﺸﹶﺎﺅﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻤﺭﻴﻜـﺎ‬
‫ﹶﺘَﺄﺯ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻷﺤﺩﺍﺙ ﺃﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﻁﹶـل‪ ،‬ﻭﻗـﺩ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﻁﻭِﻱ‬
‫ِﻟ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻔﺴِﻴﺭﻫﺎ ﻭﻟﻴﺸﺭﺤﻭﺍ ﻟﻬﻡ ﻤﺎ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻨ ﹶ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻤ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌ ِﺒﻴ‪‬ﺔ‬
‫ُﺃﻟﱢﻔﺕ ﻜﺘﺏ ﻜﺜﻴﺭﺓ ﻟﻬﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻼﺌـﻡ؛ ﻓـﺈﻥ ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ـﺭ‪‬ﺍﻓِﻴﻥ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻔﻘﹶﻬـﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻠﹶﻤـﺎﺀ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫ﻋﻬﺩ ﺍﺒﻥ ﺴِـﻴﺭِﻴﻥ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ ﻋ‪‬ـﺭِ ﹶ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﱡﺒﻭﻍ ﻓﻲ ﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭ ﺍﻷﺤﻼﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﻜِﺘﺎﺏ ﻤﺸﻬﻭﺭ ﻓـﻲ ﺫﻟـﻙ‪ ،‬ﻴﻌـﺩ‬
‫ﻭ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻌﺩ‪ ‬ﺍﻷﺤـﻼﻡ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺤـﺎﻭِﺭ‬
‫ﻟﻸﺤﻼﻡ‪ ،‬ﻤﻊ ‪‬ﺒﻴ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﺩﻻﻻﺘﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻭ‪‬ﺴﻁﹶﻰ‪ :‬ﺭ‪‬ﺅﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﺤـﻡ ﺍﻟـﻭ‪‬ﻓﻴﺭ –‬
‫ﺘﻔﺼﺢ ﻟﻪ ﻋـﻥ ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻴـﻕ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬
‫ﻭﻴ‪ ‬ﻌ ﹶﺘﻘِ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟﻜﹶﺜﻴﺭﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎﺌﻡ ﺘﹶﻁﻴـﺭ‬
‫ﺭﺅﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻐﺭ‪‬ﻕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ –‬
‫ﻴﺴﻠﻜﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺜﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤﺎ ﻴﺴﺘﻌﻴﻥ ﺍﻷﺒﻁﺎل‬
‫ﺭ‪‬ﻭﺤ‪‬ﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﻭﻡ ﻭﻫﻲ ﻓـﻲ ﻟـﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺭﺅﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎﺭ ﺘﺤﺭﻕ ﺠﺴﻡ ﺇﻨﺴـﺎﻥ –‬
‫ﺒﻤﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﻔﺴ‪‬ﺭ ﻟﻬﻡ ﺃﺤﻼﻤﻬﻡ ﺃﻭ ﺃﺤـﻼﻡ‬
‫ﺙ ﻜﺜﻴﺭﺓ؛ ﻓﺈﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺤﻭ‪‬ﺍﺩِ ﹶ‬
‫ﺃﺨﻀﺭ ﻓﺘﺭﻯ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﻴ‪‬ﺎﺕ‪ ...‬ﺇﻟﺦ‪.‬‬
‫ﺴﺤ‪‬ﺎﻟﻲ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺭﺅﻴﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻏﻴﺭﻫﻡ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺍﺭِﺱ ﻴﺠـﺩ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻭ‪‬ﺍ ِﻫ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺤﻘﹶـﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻼِ‬
‫ﺤﺠ‪‬ﺔ ﻟﻸﺠﻴﺎل ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺼل ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﺩ‪‬ﻥ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺫﻜﱠﺭﺕ ﻤﺎ ﺭﺃﺘﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻌ ﹾ‬
‫‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺸﻌﺒﻲ ﺒﺄﻥ ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ﻠـﻡ‬
‫ـﻡ‬
‫ـﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﻼﺤـ‬
‫ـﻲ ﺃﻏﻠـ‬
‫ـﺭﺓ ﻓـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﺜﻴـ‬
‫ﻨﻘﻴﻀﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﺭﺃﻯ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎﺌِﻡ ﻨﻔﺴﻪ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺨﻁﹶﺭ؛ ﺫﻟﻙ ﻷﻥ ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺡ ﺘﻔـﺎﺭِﻕ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭ ﺍﻷﺤﻼﻡ ﺃﻗﻭﻯ ﻤـﻥ ﻗِـﺭ‪‬ﺍﺀﺓ‬
‫ل ﺫﻟﻙ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﻌﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﺫﺍ‬
‫ﻀِﻴﻕ ‪‬ﺩ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﺴﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺃﺜﻨـﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻨـﻭﻡ ﻭﺘﻬـﻴﻡ‬
‫ﻁﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟِﻊ ﺍﻟ ﱡﻨﺠ‪‬ﻭﻡ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒل ﺒﻭﺴﺎﻁﺔ ﹶ‬
‫ﺭﺃﻯ ﺴﻌﺔ ﻓﻬـﻭ ﻀِـﻴﻕ ﻭﺸـﻘﺎﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ﻕ‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘﺠ‪ ‬ﻭﹶﻟﺔﹰ ﺒﻌﻴﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﻋﻨـﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓـﺈﺫﺍ ﺍ ﱡﺘﻔِـ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻤﺎل ﺃﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺤﻤ‪‬ـﺎﺭ‬
‫ﻭﻴﻌﺘﻘﺩﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻓﻲ ‪‬ﺭﻜﹸﻭﺏ ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻭﺤﺩﺙ ﺸﻲﺀ ﻟﻠﺭﻭﺡ ﻓﻠﻥ ﻴﺴـﺘﻴﻘﻅ‬
‫ﺱ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻲ ‪‬ﺀ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﻭﻜﺜﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﻔﺴ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺫﺍﺘـﻪ ﺭﺒﻤـﺎ ﻜـﺎﻥ ﻤﺤﻔﻭﻓﹰـﺎ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺩل‬
‫ﺨ ﹶﺫ ﺍﻟﺤﺎِﻟ ‪‬ﻡ ﺸﹶﻴﺌًﺎ ﻤﻥ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻴ ٍ‬
‫ﻭﺇﺫﺍ َﺃ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻟﺫﻟﻙ ﻴﺤﺭﺹ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﻴﺭﻭﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﺩﻡ‬
‫ﺫﻟﻙ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻁﻭل ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟـ ‪‬ﺯﻭ‪‬ﺍﺝ‬
‫ﺇﻴﻘﺎﻅ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺌﻡ ﺒﻌ‪‬ﻨﻑ‪ ،‬ﺨﺸﻴﺔ ﺃﻥ ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﻭﺕ ﻭﻟﺒﺱ ﺍﻷﺒﻴﺽ ﹶﻓﺭ‪‬ﺡ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﺒﺱ‬
‫ﻤﺴﺘﻐﺭﻗﹰﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺃﺤﻼﻤـﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺭﻭﺤـﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴﻭﺩ ﺤ‪‬ﺯﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﻫﺎﺌﻤﺔ؛ ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﻤﺎ ﺍﺴـﺘﻴﻘﻅ ﻓﺭﺒﻤـﺎ ﻻ‬
‫ﺘﺘﻤﻜﻥ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﺡ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟﻌـﻭﺩﺓ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﺴﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺕ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻨﺎﺴِﺏ‪.‬‬
‫ﺜﺎﺒِﺘﺔ‪ .‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﺜ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺔ ﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﻔﺴ‪‬ﺭ ﺒﺎﻟﻀ‪‬ﺩ ﻓﻴﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺎﺌﻊ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻹﻓـﺭﻴﻘﻴﻥ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻴﺭﺘﺒﻁ ﺒﺎﻟﻤ‪‬ﺴﺘﻘﺒل‪ ،‬ﻭﺜﻤﺔ ﻤﺎ ﺃﺼـﺒﺢ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﺡ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻏﺎﺩﺭﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﺴـﻡ ﺃﺜﻨـﺎﺀ‬
‫ﺭﻤﺯ‪‬ﺍ ﻟﻠﺘﻔﺎﺅل ﺃﻭ ﹶﻨﺫِﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﺒﺸﺅﻡ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﺘﻌ‪ ‬ﱠﺫﺭ‪ ‬ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻌـﻭﺩﺓ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫‪AHMAD AMIN‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ‪‬ﺭﻭ‪‬ﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺭﺍﺴـﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴـﻔﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻷﺩﺒﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺼﺭ ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺙ‪ .‬ﻭِﻟ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ـﻡ‬
‫ـﺎﻡ ‪١٨٨٧‬ﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﻌﱠﻠـ‬
‫ـﺎﻫﺭﺓ ﻋـ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﻘـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﺩﺉ ﺍﻷُﻭﻟﹶﻰ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺍِﻟﺩِﻩ‪ .‬ﻭﻗـﺩ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻻﻻﹶﺕ‬
‫ﺤﺩ‪‬ﺍﺕ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﺤﻼﻡ ﻟﻬـﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﲪﺪ ﺃﻣﲔ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﹶﻓﺭ‪‬ﺠ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﺭﻜﻭﺏ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔﺭ‪‬ﺱ ﻋِـﺯ‪‬ﺍ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺌﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗـﺩ ﻴ‪‬ﺼـﺎﺏ ﺒـﺎﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺭ‪‬ﺽ؛‬
‫ﻭﻫﻜﺫﺍ ‪‬ﻤﻴ‪‬ﺯﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻴـﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻌﺒﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗـﺩ ﻴﻜـﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺼﺒ‪‬ﺎﻩ ﻭﻤﺭﺍﺤل‬
‫ﺘﺤﺩ‪‬ﺙ ﻋﻥ ﻨﺸﺄﺘﻪ ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺴِﻴﺭﺘﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺠﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺫﱠﺍﺘﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬
‫ﻜﺘﺒﻬﺎ ﻋﻥ ﻨﻔﺴﻪ ﺒﻌﻨﻭﺍﻥ "ﺤﻴـﺎﺘﻲ"‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺃﻭﺍﺌل ﺍﻟـﺫﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻘـﻭﺍ‬
‫‪٣١‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺃﲪــــــﺪ ﺗﻴﻤــــــﻮﺭ‬
‫ﺒﻤﺩﺭﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺭﻋﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘـﻲ ﺃﺠﺯﺍﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻪ ﻤﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﺃﺩﺒﻴﺔ ﻨﺸـﺭﻫﺎ‬
‫‪AHMAD‬‬
‫ﺍﻗﺘﺭﻨﺕ ﺒﺎﺴﻡ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺭﺒ‪‬ـﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻌـﺭﻭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺠﻠﺘﻲ "ﺍﻟﺭﺴـﺎﻟﺔ" ﻭ"ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓـﺔ"‪TAIMUR .‬‬
‫ﻭﻗﺘﺫﺍﻙ ﻤﺤﻤﺩ ﻋـﺎﻁﻑ ﺒﺭﻜـﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺩ ‪‬ﺠ ‪‬ﻤﻌ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﻗﺒﻴل ﻭﻓﺎﺘﻪ ﻓﻲ ﻜﺘـﺎﺏ "‪١٩٣٠ – ١٨٧١‬ﻡ"‬
‫ﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺸﻐِ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﹸ‬
‫ﻋﻨﻭﺍﻨﻪ "ﻓﻴﺽ ﺍﻟﺨـﺎﻁﺭ"‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹸﺘﻌ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺍﺩ ﻓﻲ ﹶﺘ ْﺄﺼِﻴل ﻫـﺫﻩ‬
‫ﻁﻭ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻷﺩﺒﻲ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﻜﺸﻑ ﻋـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹶ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺤﻴﺎﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ ﺒﺎﻟﻔﻠﺴﻔﺔ ﻭﺍﻷﺨـﻼﻕ‪،‬‬
‫ﺘﺭﺠﻤﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﺫﺍﺘﻴﺔ )ﺤﻴﺎﺘﻲ( ﻤﻥ ﻤﻌﺎﻟِﻡ‬
‫ـﺎﺀ‬
‫ﻀـ‬
‫ـﺘﻐل ﺒﺎﻟ ﹶﻘ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺎﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﺸـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻋﻲ‪ ،‬ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺃُﻨﺸِـ َﺌﺕِ ﺍﻟﺠ‪‬ﺎﻤﻌـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻴﺔ )ﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ( ﺍﻨﺘﻘـل‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺙ‪ .‬ﻭِﻟ ‪‬ﺩ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻘـﺎﻫﺭﺓ ﻋـﺎﻡ‬
‫‪١٨٧١‬ﻡ‪ .‬ﻨﺸﺄ ﺃﻭ‪‬ل َﺃ ‪‬ﻤﺭِﻩِ ﻓﻲ ﺒﻴـﺕ‬
‫ﺃﺒﻴﻪ ﺇﺴﻤﺎﻋﻴل ﺘﻴﻤﻭﺭ ﺭﺌﻴﺱ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﻴﺔ ﺒﺎﻟﺫﱠﺍﺕ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺍﻟ ِﻌﻨﹶﺎﻴﺔ ﺒﺎﻟﺸﱠـﻜل‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻴﻭﻱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻭ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺼل ﺘﹸﺭﻜـﻲ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻭﺍﻋﺩ ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻓﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴ‪‬ﺫﻜﺭ ﺩﺍﺌﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻤﻊ‬
‫ﺸﻘِﻴ ﹶﻘﺘِﻪِ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺎﻋِﺭﺓ‬
‫ﻋﺭ‪‬ﻉ‪ ‬ﻓﻲ ﺒﻴﺕ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺘﺭ‪ ‬‬
‫ﻜﺘﺎﺏ "ﺍﻷﻴﺎﻡ" ﻟﻠﺩﻜﺘﻭﺭ ﻁﻪ ﺤﺴﻴﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻭﻓﺔ ﻋﺎﺌﺸﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻴﻤﻭﺭﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻗـﺩ‬
‫ـﻴﻥ‬
‫ـﺩ ﺃﻤـ‬
‫ـﻠﻭﺏ ﺃﺤﻤـ‬
‫ـﺎﺯ ﺃﺴـ‬
‫ﻭﻴﻤﺘـ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺱ ﺒ ﹸﻜﻠﱢﻴ ِﺔ ﺍﻵﺩﺍﺏ ﺒﻘﺴـﻡ‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ـﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒـ‬
‫ـﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﻔﻜـ‬
‫ـﻥ ﺃﻋـ‬
‫ﻤـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴـﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺼـﺒﺢ ﺃﺴـﺘﺎﺫ‬
‫ﻲ ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﻭﻀ‪‬ﻭﺡ ﻭﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻬﻭﻟﺔ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻜﹸﺭﺴﻲ ﺃﺩﺏ ﻤﺼﺭ ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻤﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺜـﻡ‬
‫ﺃﻤﻴﻥ ﺒﺎﻟﺘﱡﺭﺍﺙ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻌﺒﻲ؛ ﹶﻓ ‪‬ﻭﻀ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻊ‬
‫ﻋﻤِﻴﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﻟﻬﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻓ ‪‬ﻤﺩِﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻟﻠﺜﻘﺎﻓـﺔ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫"ﻗﺎﻤﻭﺱ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﻟﻴﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﺒﻴﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤ‪‬ﺔ ﺒﻭﺯﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺭﻑ )ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺒﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻴﺔ"؛ ﻭﻫﻭ ﻴﺭﻭﻱ ﻓﻲ ﻤﻘﺩﻤﺘﻪ‬
‫"ﻟﺠﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻟﻴﻑ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺭﺠﻤﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺸـﺭ"‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﺍﺼﻁﻨﻌﻪ ﻓﻴﻪ‪" :‬ﺒﺩﺃﺕ ﺒﺤﺭﻑ‬
‫ل ﺭﺌﻴﺴ‪‬ﺎ ﻟﻬﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ .١٩١٤‬ﻭﻅ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻟﻑ ﺒﺎﻹﺒﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﺃﺫﻜﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﺨﹶﺹ‬
‫ﺁﺨﺭ ﺤﻴﺎﺘﻪ؛ ﻭﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﺠﻨـﺔ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﻋﻘﺎﺌﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻴﻴﻥ ﻓﻴﻬـﺎ ﻭﺍﻷﻤﺜـﺎل‬
‫ﻀ‪‬ــﻤ‪‬ﺕ ﺼ‪‬ــ ﹾﻔ ‪‬ﻭ ﹰﺓ ﻤــﻥ ﺍﻷﺩﺒــﺎﺀ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻗِﻴﻠﹶﺕ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‪ ...‬ﻭﺍﺴﺘﻐﺭﻕ ﻤﻨـﻲ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻡ(‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﺃﺴﻬﻡ ﻓـﻲ ﺇﻨﺸـﺎﺀ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻌﺭﻓــﺔ ﻭﺍﻻﻁﱢــﻼﻉ ﻭﺍﻷﺩﺏ‪،‬‬
‫ـﻼﻡ‬
‫ـﻥ ﺃﻋـ‬
‫ـﺭﻴﻥ ﻤـ‬
‫ـل ﺒﻜﺜﻴـ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺘﱠﺼـ‬
‫ﻋﺼﺭﻩ‪ ،‬ﺃﻤﺜـﺎل ﺍﻟﺸـﻴﺦ ﺤﺴـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﻭﻴل‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﻤﺤﻤـﺩ ﻤﺤﻤـﻭﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻨﻘﻴﻁﻲ‪.‬‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﻓﺭﻴﺩ ﺃﺒﻲ ﺤﺩﻴﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺸﻔﻴﻕ ﻏﺭﺒـﺎل‪،‬‬
‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭﺓ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ؛ ﻓﻠﻡ ﺃﻜﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻜﺘﻭﺭ ﻁـﻪ ﺤﺴـﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻤـﻴﻥ‬
‫ﻋ ﹶﺘﻤِﺩ ﺇﻻ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟـﺫﹼﺍﻜﺭِﺓ ﻏﺎِﻟﺒ‪‬ـﺎ‪،‬‬
‫َﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﻭﻟﻲ ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺴﺎﻋﺩﻨﻲ ﺃﻨﻲ ﺘﺭﺒﻴﺕ ﻓـﻲ ﺤـﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ٍﺓ‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻌ ِﻘ ‪‬ﺩ ﻓﻲ ﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﺤﻠﻘﺎﺕ ﺘﻀﻡ‬
‫ﹸﻨﺨﹾﺒ ﹰﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺃﻫل ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻡ ﻭﺍﻷﺩﺏ؛ ﺃﻤﺜﺎل‬
‫ﻤﺤﻤــﻭﺩ ﺴــﺎﻤﻲ ﺍﻟﺒــﺎﺭ‪‬ﻭﺩﻱ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺇﺴﻤﺎﻋﻴل ﺼﺒﺭﻱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬
‫ﻋﺒﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﹶﻭ ﱠﺜ ﹶﻘﺕِ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﹶﻠ ﹸﺔ ﺒﻴﻨﻪ ﻭﺒـﻴﻥ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻔﻜﺭﻴﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﺎﺀ؛ ﺃﻤﺜﺎل ﻤﺤﻤـﺩ‬
‫ﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﻟﻴﺩ"‪.‬‬
‫ﺒ‪‬ﹶﻠﺩِ ‪‬ﻴﺔٍ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻜﺜﹸ ‪‬ﺭ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﹸ‬
‫ﻟﻠﺤﻴﺎﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺴـﻠﻤﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﻀـﻡ‬
‫ﻭﻴﻌﺩ ﻜﺘﺎﺒـﻪ "ﻗـﺎﻤﻭﺱ ﺍﻟﻌـﺎﺩﺍﺕ‬
‫ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﺴـﻠﺔ؛ "ﻓﺠـﺭ ﺍﻹﺴـﻼﻡ"‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﻟﻴﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﺒﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻴﺔ" ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻭ"ﻀ‪‬ﺤﻰ ﺍﻹﺴـﻼﻡ" ﻓـﻲ ﺜﻼﺜـﺔ‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ـﺩﺓ ﻓـ‬
‫ـﺎل ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺌـ‬
‫ـل ﺍﻷﻋﻤـ‬
‫ﺃﻭﺍﺌـ‬
‫ﺃﺠﺯﺍﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭ"ﻅﻬﺭ ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ" ﻓﻲ ﺃﺭﺒﻌﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺩﺭ‪‬ﺍﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﱠﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﻁـﻪ ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺍﺌـﺭﻱ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺤﻘﱢﻕ ﻤﺤﻤﺩ ﻜﺭﺩ ﻋﻠﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﻜـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤ ِﻊ ﹶﻨﻔﹶﺎﺌِﺱ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺨﻁﹸﻭﻁـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻑ ﺒ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻜﹶﻠ ﹸ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺴﻠﹶﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻬﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ َﺃ ‪‬ﺭﺨﹶـﺕ‬
‫ﺴ ﹾﻠ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻲ ﺃﺤﻤﺩ ﺃﻤﻴﻥ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪،١٩٥٤‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﹸﻭ ﱢﻓ ‪‬‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻠﱡﻐـﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴـﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜـﺎﻥ ﺸﹶـﻐﹸﻭﻓﹰﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻋﺙ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺘﺼـﻨﻴﻔﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻤـﻨﻬﺞ‬
‫ﺫﻟﻙ ﺃﺭﺒﻊ ﺴﻨﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺭﺃﻴﺕ ﺼﻌﻭﺒﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻭَﺃ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻡ ‪‬ﻤ َﺅﻟﱠﻔﺎﺕ ﺃﺤﻤﺩ ﺃﻤﻴﻥ ﺘﻠـﻙ‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫ﺘﻌﻠﱠﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺩﺍﺭﺱ ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻨﺴﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﺜﻘِ ﹶ‬
‫ﻲ ﺒﺘﺭﺘﹶﻴـﺏ‬
‫ﻋﻨِـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﻨﻭ‪‬ﺍﺩِﺭ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻜﺘﹸﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴﺘِﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﻀ ‪‬ﻡ ﺤـﻭﺍﻟﻲ‬
‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﺘﻪ ﻭ ﹶﻓ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫‪ ١٨٠٠٠‬ﻤ‪‬ﺠﻠﱠﺩ؛ ﻭﻫـﻲ ﺍﻵﻥ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﹶﺫﺨﹶﺎﺌِﺭ ﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ ﺒﺎﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‪.‬‬
‫‪٣٢‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺠﺎﻨﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﻁﻭﻁـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺼﻭل ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴـﺔ ﻋﻠﻴﻬـﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭ ِﻗﻠﱠـﺔ‬
‫ﻁﻔﹶـﺕ‬
‫ﻓﺈﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﺁﺜﻤﺔ‪ ،‬ﺃﻤـﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﹶ‬
‫ﺠﻠﹸﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻁﺒﻭﻋﺎﺕ؛ ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩﺨﻴل ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻗـﺩ ﺼ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﺭ ﻤﻨـﻪ‬
‫ﻓﺈﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﺒﺭﻴﺌـﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻗـﺩ ﺼـﻨﻊ‬
‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺘﹶﺼ ﹶﻨ ‪‬ﻊ ﻟﻠﻜﺘﺏ ﻓـﻲ َﺃﻁﹾـﻭﺍ ِﺭ‬
‫ـﺎﻤﻲ‬
‫ـﺎﻨﻲ ﻋـ‬
‫ـﺯﺁﻥ ﺍﻷﻭ‪‬ل ﻭﺍﻟ ﱠﺜـ‬
‫ﺠـ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫‪ ١٩٧١‬ﻭ ‪ ١٩٧٨‬ﻋــﻥ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺌــﺔ‬
‫ﻓﺭﺠﻴل‪-‬ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﻗﺎ ‪‬ﻡ ﺒﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺎﺤﺭ‪-‬‬
‫ﻼ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﱡﺤﺎﺱ؛ ﻻﺨﺘﺒـﺎﺭ‬
‫ﺜﹸﻌﺒﺎﻨﹰﺎ ﻫﺎ ِﺌ ﹰ‬
‫ﺞ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻘ ‪‬ﺩﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ‬
‫ﻭﺍ ﱠﺘﺒ‪‬ﻊ ﺃﺤﻤﺩ ﺘﻴﻤﻭﺭ ﻤ ﹾﻨ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﻘِﻴـﻕِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ ﻟﻠﻜﺘﺎﺏ‪ ،‬ﺒِ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺃﺓ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺸ ﹶﺘﺒ‪‬ﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻤﺭﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩﻜﺘﻭﺭ ﺤﺴﻴﻥ ﻨﺼﺎﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﹸﺘ ﹾﻜﺭ‪‬ﻩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺘﻀﻊ ﺫﺭﺍﻋﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻓﻡ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻡ ﻴﻨﺱ ﺃﻥ ﻴﺠﻤﻊ ﻓـﻲ ﻫـﺫﻩ‬
‫ﻏﹶﻠﺒ‪‬ـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹸﺘ َﺅﻜﱢـﺩ ﹶ‬
‫ﻏ ِﺭﻗﹶﺕ‬
‫ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ﺎ ﺒﺈﻟﻘﺎﺌﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﹶﻴﻡ‪‬؛ ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﹶ‬
‫ﺤﻀ‪‬ﺎﺭ‪‬ﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﺴﻼﻤﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺠﻤ‪‬ـﻊ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﺍﻴـﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﱢـﻔﺎ ِﻫﻴ‪‬ﺔ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻷﻤﺜــﺎل ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺒــﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻴــ ﹶﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺭﻑ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻲ ﺃﺤﻤﺩ ﺘﻴﻤـﻭﺭ ﺒﺎﻟﻘـﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬
‫ﻭ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻭ ﱢﻓ ‪‬‬
‫ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺜﻌﺒﺎﻥ؛ ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺁﺜِﻤ ﹰﺔ ﻓﺈﻨـﻪ‬
‫ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ،١٩٣٠‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻌﺩ‪ ‬ﻤﻥ ﺃﻭﺍﺌل ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ‬
‫ﻁﺒِﻕ ﺒﺄَﺴﻨﺎﻨﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺫﺭﺍﻋﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻓﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺼﻭﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻤﺴـﻲ؛‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﺴﻤ‪‬ﻪ ﺩﺍﺌﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺒﺎﺴـﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻘ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﺃﺒﻴﺽ‪‬؛ ﻓﺈﻥ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺩﻟﻴـل ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﻅﱠ‬
‫ل ﺍﻵﺜﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻤِﻌﻤﺎ ِﺭﻴ‪‬ـﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﺠَ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺴ‪ ‬‬
‫ﺸﻘﻴﻘﺘﻪ ﻋﺎﺌﺸﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻴﻤﻭﺭﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒﺎﺴـﻡ‬
‫ﻋﻔﱠﺘﻬ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻠﺒ‪‬ﺱ ﺨﺎ ﹶﺘﻤ‪‬ﺎ؛ ﻓـﺈﺫﺍ ﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻗﺎﺌﻤﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺠـﺎﻨﺒﻲ ﺍﻟﺨﻠـﻴﺞ‬
‫ﻭﻟﺩﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺌﺩﻴﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺃﺩﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺴـﺭﺡ‬
‫ﻕ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺨﺎﻨﹶﺕ ﺯﻭﺠ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﻓﺈﻨﻪ ‪‬ﻴﻀِـﻴ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻱ ﻗﺒل ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺩﻤِﻪ ﻭﺘﺤﻭﻴﻠﻪ ﺇﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺼﺔ ﻤﺤﻤﺩ ﻭﻤﺤﻤﻭﺩ ﺘﻴﻤﻭﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺇﺼﺒﻌﻬﺎ ﻭﻴﻘﻁﹶﻌﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻜـﺎﻥ ﻫﻨـﺎﻙ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺩﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﹶﻨ ‪‬ﺒﻬ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﺒﻌﻤﻠﻬﻡ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﻴﺔ ﺒـﺎﻟﺘﺭﺍﺙ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺃﺓ ﺃﻥ ﺘﺭﺘﺩﻱ ﹶﻗﻤِﻴﺼ‪‬ﺎ؛ ﻓﺈﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺨﻠِـﻴﺞ‪ .‬ﻭﻟـﻪ ﻤ‪‬ﺼـﻨﱠﻔﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺸﺎﺭِﻉ ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﺕ ﻟﺠﻨـﺔ ﺨﺎﺼ‪‬ـﺔ‬
‫ﻋﻨِﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﻁﺒﻊ ﹸﺘﺭ‪‬ﺍ ِﺜ ِﻪ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻲ ﻭﺍﻷﺩﺒﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﻤﻥ‬
‫ﻤﺸﺭﻭﺤﺔ ﻭﻤﺭﺘﺒﺔ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﻟﺤـﺭﻑ‬
‫ـﺎﺕ‬
‫ـل"‪ ،‬ﻭ"ﺍﻟ ِﻜﻨﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻴـ‬
‫ـﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺜـ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻭل ﻤـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤ‪‬ﻴﺔ"‪ ،‬ﻭﺴﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤ ﹾﻨ ‪‬ﻬﺠِـ ِﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻅﱢل‪ ،‬ﻭﺁﺨﺭ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺩﻤ‪‬ﻰ ﻭﺍﻟﻠﱡﻌـﺏ‬
‫ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺏ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻪ ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ـﺎ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻌﺠ‪‬ـﻡ‬
‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﻟﻔﺎﻅ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻻﻻﹶﺘﻬـﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻭﺍﻫﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﻴﺔ ﻭ ‪‬ﺩ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺅﻴ‪‬ﺩﺓ ﻟﻬﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺩﻻﻻﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗـﺩ‪‬ﻡ ﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﺒ ِﺩﺭ‪‬ﺍﺴﺔ ﺘﹸﺒﻴ‪‬ﻥ ﺨﺼـﺎﺌﺹ ﺍﻟﻠﻬﺠـﺔ‬
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‫‪CHASTITY TEST‬‬
‫ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻜﱡﺩ ﻤﻤـﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻜﺎﻨـﺕ‬
‫ﺍﺧ‪‬ﺘِﺒ‪‬ﺎﺭ‪‬ﺍﺕ ﺷ‪‬ﻌ‪‬ﺒِﻴ‪‬ﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤــﺭﺃ ﹸﺓ ﻤ‪‬ﺨﻠﺼــ ﹰﺔ ﻟﺯﻭﺠﻬــﺎ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﻋﺸِﻴﻘﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭﺩ‪‬ﺩ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴـﺎﺕ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ـﺫﺍ‬
‫ـﺩﺓ ﻟﻬـ‬
‫ﻋﺩِﻴـ‬
‫ـﻜﺎل ‪‬‬
‫ـﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﺃﺸـ‬
‫ﺸـ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺒﺎﻟﻨﱠﺎﺭ ﺸـﺎﺌﻊ‪،‬‬
‫‪FOLK TESTS‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺄﻟﻭﻑ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻋـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺩ‪‬ﺍﺌﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺃﻥ ﻴ‪ ‬ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘﻅِﻡ‪ ‬ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺭﻑﹸ ‪‬ﻤﺠﻤ‪‬ﻭﻋ ﹰﺔ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺎﺌﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﻟﻴـﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﻌـﺎﺩﺍﺕ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺃ ﹸﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﺸـﺘﺒﻪ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻭﻓﻴﻪ ﺘﹸ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﻘﻭﻡ ﺒﺎﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﻗﹸﺩﺭ‪‬ﺓ ﺍﻹﻨﺴـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺃﻤﺭﻫﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﹶﺘﻀ‪‬ﻊ‪ِ ‬ﺫﺭ‪‬ﺍﻋ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺨ ﹸﺫ ﻫﺫﻩ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟ ِﻘﻴ‪‬ﺎﻡ ﺒﻌﻤل ﻤ‪‬ﻌﻴ‪‬ﻥ‪ .‬ﻭ ﹶﺘﺘﱠ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻐِﻠﻲ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻓـﻲ ﹶﻟﻬ‪‬ـﺏٍ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺸﹶـ ﹾﻜﻠﹶﻬﺎ ﻤـﻥ ﻁﺒﻴﻌـﺔ‬
‫ﺠﻤ‪‬ـ ِﺭ‬
‫ﹸﺘ ﹾﻜﺭ‪‬ﻩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﹶﺘﺴِﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻤ‪‬ل ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ِﻬﻤ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ‪‬ﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍﺩ ﻟﻠﻔـﺭﺩ‬
‫ﺤﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻤﻴﻥ؛ ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﺍﺤﺘﺭﻗﺕ ﻓﺈﻨﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﻴﻘﻭﻡ ﺒﻬﺎ؛ ﻭﻫﻲ ﺘﺩل ﻋﻠﻰ ﹶﺘﺤ‪ ‬ﻭلِ‬
‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﺁﺜِﻤﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﻟﻡ ﺘﺤﺘﺭﻕ ﻓﺈﻨﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺀ ﻤﻥ ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ ﺃﻜﺒﺭ‬
‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﺒ‪‬ﺭﻴﺌ ﹰﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺃﺓ ﺘﹸﺨﺘﹶﺒﺭ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻴﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﻟﻔﺎﻅ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻀـﻡ‬
‫‪‬ﺯ ‪‬ﻭﺠ‪‬ﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺨﻴ‪‬ـﺎل‬
‫ﺙ ﻋﻥ ﹶ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﻤﺜﺎل‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻪ ﺒ‪‬ﺤ ﹲ‬
‫ﺍﺧ‪‬ﺘِﺒ‪‬ﺎﺭ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻌِﻔﱠﺔ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺃﻫﻡ ﹶﺘﺼ‪‬ﺎﻨِﻴﻔﻪ‪" :‬ﺍﻷﻤﺜـﺎل ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤ‪‬ﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻑ ﻴﺼـﺩﺃ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺨﺎﻨﹶـﺕ ﻤﺎِﻟ ﹶﻜﺘﹸـﻪ‬
‫ﺴ‪‬ﻴ ﹲ‬
‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻴﻁﻠﺏ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻴﻘﻭﻡ ﺒِ ﹶﺘﺒِﻌ‪‬ـﺎﺕٍ‬
‫‪٣٣‬‬
‫ل ﻋ‪‬ﺸﻴﺭ‪‬ﺘﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﺃﺸـﻬﺭ ﺘﻠـﻙ‬
‫ﻗِﺒ‪َ ‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻴﺔ ﺼ‪‬ﻭﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤﺘﺸـﺎﺒﻬﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻴﻌﻭﺩ ﺒﺈﻜﺴﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﺤﻴـﺎﺓ‪...‬‬
‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻤﺎ ﻴ‪‬ﺼﺎﺤِﺏ ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻔـﺎل‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤ ٍﻊ‬
‫ﺘﻘﻭﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺏ ﺃﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻡ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻴﻘﺘل ﺍﻟﺘﱢﻨﻴﻥ ﺫﺍ ﺍﻟـﺭﺀﻭﺱ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﺯ‪‬ﻭﺍﺝ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺍﺌﻴـﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺤﺎﺸﺩ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﻭﺠﻴﻪ ﺍﻷﺴﺌﻠﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﺒﻌﺔ‪ ...‬ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻷﺤﻴﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺘﻠــﻙ ﺍﻟﻌــﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﻤﻭﺠــﻭﺩﺓ ﻓــﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻤﺎ ﻴﺸﺒﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺒ‪‬ـﺎ ‪‬ﺭﺯ‪‬ﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﻼﻤِﺢ‬
‫ﻓﺘﻴﺎﺕ ﻜﺜﻴﺭﺍﺕ ﻴﺸﺒﻬﻨﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻭ‪‬ل ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾﻠﻤ‪‬ـ ﹶﺫﺓِ ﻋﻨـﺩ‬
‫ﻜﻤﺎ ﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﻱ‪ ...‬ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻴﻤﻴﺯ ﺍﺒﻨﻪ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺯ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﺒ‪‬ﻪ ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫ﺤﺭ‪‬ﻑ ﹸﺘﺼ‪‬ﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺃﺼﺤﺎﺏ ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻟﻡ ﻴﺘﺢ ﻟﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻴﺭﺍﻩ ﻤﻥ ﻗﺒل ﻤﻥ ﺒﻴﻥ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﻤﺭﺍﺴِﻴﻡ ﻭﺸﻌﺎﺌﺭ ﻭﻋـﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻤﺜﱢـ ُ‬
‫ﺠ‪‬ﻤ ٍﻊ ﺤﺎﺸ ٍﺩ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﻁﻔﺎل‪.‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ل ﺃﺴﺭﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ‬
‫ل ﻨﻔﺴﻪ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻗِﺒ‪َ ‬‬
‫ﺃﻜﺒﺭ ﻗِﺒ‪َ ‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﺘﺨﺫﺕ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﻴﻜﻭﻥ ﺃﺴﺭﻉ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﹶـﺭ‪‬ﺱ‪...‬‬
‫ﺏ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻅﻭ‪‬ﺍ ِﻫ ‪‬ﺭ ﻭ ‪‬ﺭﻭ‪‬ﺍ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻻ ﺘﺯﺍل ﹶ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺤﻀ‪‬ﺭﺓ‪ ...‬ﻤﻥ ﺘﻠﻙ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺽ ﺃﺠﺴﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻔِﺘﻴﺎﻥ ِﻟ ﹾﻠ ‪‬ﺒﻌ‪‬ﻭﺽ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻌﺭِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺤل ﻻﺨﺘﺒـﺎﺭ ﻗﹸـﺩﺭ‪‬ﺘﻬﻡ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻌﺒﺔ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺜﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤـﺎ ﻴﺘﺤـﻭ‪‬ل‬
‫ﺠﺎ ِﻨﺒ‪‬ﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻤﻥ ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒـﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ ﻟﻬـﺎ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺤﻠﹾﻘﺔ ﺭﺌﻴﺴﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻤﺎل‪ ،‬ﻭﺫﻟﻙ ﹶﻜ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﻴﺘﻌﺭ‪‬ﻑ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﺭﻭﺴﻪ ﻤﻥ ﺒـﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺤﻠﻘﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻔﺎل ﺒـﺎﻟﺯﻭﺍﺝ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺘﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﺤـﻭل‬
‫ﻤﻜﺎﻨﺘﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﻗﹸﺩﺭ ﹸﺓ‬
‫ﻀ ‪‬ﺭﺒ‪‬ﻬﻡ ﺒﺎﻟﺴ‪‬ـﻴﺎﻁ ﻻﺨﺘﺒـﺎﺭ‬
‫ﺫﻟﻙ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺠﺎﺡ ﻓﻲ ﺘﻠﻙ ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﻁﹶﻠﺔِ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺤل ﺍﻷﻟﻐﺎﺯ‪،‬‬
‫ﻁلِ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺒ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﺠ‪‬ﹶﻠﺩِﻫﻡ‪ ...‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﺫﻟﻙ ﺘﻜﻠﻴﻔﻬﻡ ﺒﻤﻬﺎﻡ‬
‫ﺨ ﹸﺫ ﺼ‪‬ﻭﺭ ﹰﺓ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻌﺫﱢﺭ ﹰﺓ ﺃﻭ ﻤ‪‬ﺴﺘﺤِﻴﻠﺔ؛‬
‫ﹶﺘﺘﱠ ِ‬
‫ﺤﻠﱢﻬـﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﻭ ﻓﻘﺩ ﺤﻴﺎﺘﻪ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻋﺠﺯ ﻋﻥ ‪‬‬
‫ﻟﻬﺎ ﻤﻜﺎﻨﺘﻬﺎ ﻭﺨﻁﺭﻫـﺎ؛ ﻜﺎﻟﻘﻀـﺎﺀ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻲ ﺒﻤﺜﺎﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺒﺎﻟﹶﻐﺔ ﻓـﻲ ﺘﻤﺜﻴـل‬
‫ﻭﺃﻤﺜﺎل ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺠﻤ‪‬ـ ٍﺔ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺤﺵ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻔ ﹶﺘﺭِﺱ ﻓـﻲ َﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨﺭِﺝ ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗِﻊ‪ ،‬ﺇﻟﻰ ‪‬‬
‫ﻗﺭﻴﺒﺔ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺍﻹﺘﻴﺎﻥ ﺒﻬﺩﻴـﺔ ﻨﻔﻴﺴـﺔ‬
‫ﺇﻁﺎﺭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻤﻜِﻥ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻘﻭل‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﻌ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﻭﻤــﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸــﻬﻭﺭ ﻓــﻲ ﺍﻷﺩﺏ‬
‫ل‬
‫ل ‪‬ﺒﻁﹶـ ٍ‬
‫ﺒﻌﻴﺩﺓ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻨﹶﺎل ﺇﻻ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻜﹸـ ﱢ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻲ ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻤﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻌﺒﻲ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﻱ ﻗﺎﺩِﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺤﺘﻤـﺎل ﺸـﺩﺍﺌﺩ‬
‫ﹶﻗ ِﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺼﻭل ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻓﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺒﻨﺎﺌﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻲ؛‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻭﺍﺀ ﺃﻥ ﻋﻨﺘﺭﺓ ﺒﻥ ﺸﺩ‪‬ﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺴﻲ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻔﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭ‪‬ﺽ ﻟﻠﺤﺭﺏ ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﻓﻴﺠﺏ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﻁـل ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﺜﺒِـ ﹶ‬
‫ﺃﺩﺏ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﻭﺏ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺨﺘﻼﻓﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ـﻑ‬
‫ـﺭﺓ( ﻜﻠـ‬
‫ـﻴﺭﺓ ﻋﻨﺘـ‬
‫ـﺭ‪ :‬ﺴـ‬
‫)ﺍﻨﻅـ‬
‫ﻕ‪ ...‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﺫﻟﻙ ﺍﺨﺘﺒـﺎﺭ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺸﹶﺎ ﱢ‬
‫ﺠﺩ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﺭﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻴﺱ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺒ‪‬ﺭﻫﺎﻥ ﺃﻗﻭﻯ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻗﺩﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﻴﺱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﻤل ﺒﺘﻜﻠﻴﻔـﻪ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﹶﻨﺠ‪‬ﺎﺤِﻪ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﺠﺘﻴـﺎﺯ ﺍﺨﺘﺒـﺎﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻐﺭ‪‬ﺱ ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺼﺎﺩ ﻓﺘﺭﺓ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌﻴ‪‬ﻨﺔ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ـﻭﺍل‪.‬‬
‫ﻕ ﻭﺍﻷﻫـ‬
‫ـﺎ ﱢ‬
‫ـﻭﻑ ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺸﹶـ‬
‫ﻤﺤﻔـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺯ‪‬ﻤﻥ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺼ‪‬ـﺒ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔﺘﹶـﻰ‬
‫ل ﺃﺼﻐﺭ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺄﻟﻭﻑ ﺃﻥ ﻴﻜﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﻁ ُ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺤﺘﻤﺎﻟﻪ ﻭﺘﻭﺍﻀﻌﻪ ﺒـﺄﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﻌﻁﹶـﻰ‬
‫ﺇﺨﻭﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻨﺠﺢ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻭﻗـﺕ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬
‫ﺸﻠﹸﻭﻥ ﻓﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺠﺏ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﻁل ﺃﻥ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻔ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﱠﻫﺒﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﻥ ﺍﺴﺘﺤﻀﺎﺭ ﺒﻌـﺽ‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘﺴ‪‬ﺎﻍ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﺠﺒﺎﺭﻩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻴﻘﺎﻅ‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ ﺒﺄﻋﻤﺎل ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌﻴ‪‬ﻨﺔ ﺃﻭ ﻴﻨﺠﺢ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺤﺭﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻘـﺩ ﻋـﺭﻑ‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺒ ﱠﻜﺭ‪‬ﺍ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﺘﻜﻠﻴﻔﻪ ﺒﺎﻷﻋﻤﺎل ﺍﻟﺸـﺎﻗﺔ‬
‫ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﻤ‪‬ﻌـﻴ‪‬ﻥ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻴﺘﻐﻠﱠـﺏ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ـﺭﻱ ﻓـ‬
‫ـﻌﺒﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺼـ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺩﺏ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـ‬
‫ﻀﻨِﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨﺼﻡ ﺭﻫﻴﺏ ﻗﺒل ﺃﻥ ﻴﺼﺒﺢ ﻜﻔﺌًـﺎ‬
‫ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ ﻤﺘﺄﺨﺭﺓ ﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﱡـﻁﱠﺎﺭ‬
‫ﺨﻁﹾﺒ ِﺔ َﺃﻤِﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺘ ِﻪ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺃﺤﺒ‪‬ﻬﺎ‪ ..‬ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ‬
‫ِﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻟﻌﺒﺕ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻭﺭ‬
‫ﻭﻴﻌﺩ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺸﹶـﺭﻁﹰﺎ ﺃﺴﺎﺴـﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﻟﻜـﻲ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﻌﻤﺎﻥ ﺒـﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻨـﺫﺭ‪،‬‬
‫ﻴﺤﻅﻰ ﺒﺨﻁﺒﺔ ﺼﺎﺤﺒﺘﻪ ﻋﺒﻠﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻤﺜل ﺫﻟﻙ ﻴﻘـﺎل ﻋـﻥ ﺍﻟﺠِـﺯ‪‬ﺓ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ـﺭ‬
‫ـﺎ ﻏﻴـ‬
‫ﻁﻌ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻤـ‬
‫ﺸ ـﻨﹰﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶ‬
‫ﺨِ‬
‫ـﺎ ﹶ‬
‫ﺸـ‬
‫ﻓِﺭﺍ ﹰ‬
‫ﺒﺈﺤﻀﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻨﱡﻭﻕ ﺍﻟﻌﺼـﺎﻓﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫‪٣٤‬‬
‫ﺠﺩ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﺭﺘﹶﻪ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻗﺎﻡ ﺒﻤـﺎ ﻴ‪‬ﺴـﻤ‪‬ﻰ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻁِﻠﻘﹸﻭﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﺴـﻡ "ﺨﻤـﺱ" ﺃﻭ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ﺤﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻴﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﺼﻁﻠﺤﻬﻡ "ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻴﻠﺔ"؛ ﻭﻫﻲ ﻋﻤـل‬
‫"ﺒﺎﻨﻭﺒﻭﻟﻴﺱ"‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﻘـﻊ ﻓـﻲ ﻨﺎﺤﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺨﺎﺭِﻕ ﺇﺫﺍ ﹶﻨﺠ‪‬ﺢ‪ ‬ﻓﻴﻪ ﺴـﻤﺢ ﻟـﻪ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺴﻭﻫﺎﺝ ﺒﻤﺤﺎﻓﻅﺔ ﺴﻭﻫﺎﺝ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﺸﺘﻬﺭ‬
‫ﻉ ﺒـﻴﻥ‬
‫ﻋ‪‬ﺼ ‪‬ﺒﺘِﻬﻡ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﻘﹸﻭ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ـﺭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﻠﹸﻭﺩ ﺍﻹﺨﻤﻴﻤﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺴﻴﺞ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻲ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ل ﻻ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﺜﺒِـﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺴﻲ؛ ﻓـﺈﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﻁﹶـ َ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻲ "ﺇﺨﻤﻴﻡ"‪ ،‬ﻭﻜـﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨـﺎﻥ‬
‫‪‬ﺩﺒ‪‬ﺎﻏﹰﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻥ ﺍﺴـﻤﻪ ﺃﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﻤﻌﻨـﺎﻩ‬
‫ﻴﺩﺨل ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺯ‪‬ﻤﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻥ ﻴﺼﺒﺢ ﻤﻥ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔِﺘﻴﺎﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻤﺜﺎل ﻫـﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺤﻜﺎﻴـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺼﺏِ؛ ﻭﻫﻲ ﺃﻗﺭﺏ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻨﹶﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻘﻭ‪‬ﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺫﻜﺎﺀ ﻭﺇﻋ‪‬ﻤـﺎل‬
‫ﺨ ِﺘﺒ‪‬ﺎﺭ‪‬ﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺍﹾ‬
‫ﺇﺨﻤﻴﻡ ﻤﻨﺫ ﺍﻟ ِﻘﺩ‪‬ﻡ ﺒﺼﻨﺎﻋﺔ ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ ﻤﻥ‬
‫‪AKHI-BABA‬‬
‫ﺦ ﹶﺘ ِﻜﻴ‪‬ﺔ *ﺃﺨـﻲ ﺃﻭﺭﺍﻥ‬
‫ﺏ ﺸﹶﻴ ِ‬
‫ﹶﻟ ﹶﻘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﱡﺭﻜِﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺃﻫﻡ ﻭﺍﺠﺒﺎﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﻘِﻴﺎﻡ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ﺍﺸﺘﻬﺭﺕ ﻫـﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻴﻨـﺔ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺒ ‪‬ﻤﺭ‪‬ﺍﺴِﻡ ‪‬ﺩﺨﹸﻭل ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺭﻴﺩﻴﻥ ﻓﻲ ﻨﻘﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﻌﺼﻭﺭ ﺒﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﻋﺩﺩ ﻜﺒﻴـﺭ‬
‫ـﻭﺩ‬
‫ﺼـﻨﱠﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﺠﻠـ‬
‫ـﻥ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺩﺒ‪‬ﺎﻏﻴﻥ ﻤـ‬
‫ﺍﻟـ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺘﻐﻠﻴﻥ ﺒﺎﻟﺴ‪‬ـﺤﺭ‪ .‬ﻭ ﹶﻨﺸﹶـﺄَﺕ‬
‫ـﺄﺩﺍﺀ‬
‫ﺤ ـﺫﱠﺍﺌِﻴﻥ( ﺒـ‬
‫ﺠﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺭﻭ ِ‬
‫)ﺍﻟﺴـ‬
‫ﻲ )ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺘﺤـﺘﻔﻅ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﺭ‪‬ﺍ ِﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ‪‬ﻭ َ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ـل‬
‫ـل ﺍﻟﺒﻁـ‬
‫ـﺩ ﻴﺘﻭﺴ‪‬ـ‬
‫ـﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤِﻴﻠﹶـ‬
‫ﺃﺧِﻲ ﺑ‪‬ﺎﺑ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﺒﻀﺭﻭﺏ ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺘﺨﺭﺝ ﻤﻥ ﺇﻁﺎﺭ‬
‫ﺸ ﹾﻜﻠِﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺼـﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻭﺴـﻁﻰ(‬
‫ﺒﹶ‬
‫ﺙ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭِﻕ‪ .‬ﻭﻤﻥ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺩ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻘﻭل ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺕ ﻭﺃﺴﺎﻁِﻴﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻤﺎﺜِﻴ ُ‬
‫ﺨﺭ‪‬ﺍﻓﺎ ﹲ‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﺸﻭ‪‬ﺍﻫِﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒـﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ـﻭﺍﻥ‬
‫ـﻴﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻴـ‬
‫ـﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ﻟﻶﺩﻤﻴـ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ـ‬
‫ﺸﻁﱠﺎﺭ ﻤﺎ ﻴﺘﻜـﺭ‪‬ﺭ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺤِﻜﺎﻴ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﺍﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺠﻭﻡ ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ؛ ﻤ‪‬ﺼﺩﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻷﻟﻭﺍﻥ‬
‫ﺴِﻴﺭﺓ *ﻋﻠﻲ ﺍﻟﺯ‪‬ﻴﺒـﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺼـﺭﻱ‪.‬‬
‫ﺨﻴ‪‬ﺎﻻﹶﺕ ﻭﺍﻷﻭﻫﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬
‫ﺸﺘﹼﻰ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﻭﺍﻫﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺒﻁـل‬
‫ﻲ‪.‬‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ﱠﺘﺼِل ﺒﻬﺫﻩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﺭ‪‬ﺍ ِﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺒﻁﻠﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﹸﺩﺭ‪‬ﺓ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺤـ ﱢ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻬﻭﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﹶﺘﺸﹶﺎﺒ‪‬ﻪ ﺒل ﹶﺘﻤ‪‬ﺎﺜﹸل‬
‫ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﺨـﺘﻼﻑ‬
‫ﺸﺭ‪‬ﻗﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻋﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺁﺩ‪‬ﺍﺏ ﺍﻟﺸﱡﻌﻭﺏ ﹶ‬
‫َﺃ ﹾﻨﻭ‪‬ﺍ ِ‬
‫ﻗﺩﻴﻤﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺤﺩﻴﺜﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺇﺧ‪‬ﻤِﻴﻢ ‪EKHMEEM‬‬
‫ﺘﹸﻌﺭ‪‬ﻑ ﻋﻨﺩ ﹸﻗ ‪‬ﺩﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻤِﺼﺭﻴﻴﻥ ﺒﺎﺴﻡ‬
‫"ﺃﺒﻭ" ﺃﻭ"ﺨﻨﺘﻲ ﻤﻴﻥ"‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﺸـﺘﻕ‬
‫ﻲ "ﺸـﻤﻴﻥ"‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺴـﻤﻬﺎ‬
‫ﻁ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﺴﻤﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻘِﺒ ِ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﺃُﻨﺜﹶﻰ ﻭﺤﺵ ﻫﺎ ِﺌﻠﹶﺔ ﻨﺼﻔﻬﺎ ﺍﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﱢﺼﻑ ﺍﻵﺨﺭ ﺜﹸﻌﺒـﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺒﻨـﺔ‬
‫ﻜﺭﻴﺴـــــﺎ ﺃُﻭﺭ ‪،Chrysaor‬‬
‫‪AKHI-URAN‬‬
‫ﻲ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﺭ ِﻜﻲ‪ ‬ﺸِﺒﻪ ﺃُﺴﻁﹸﻭ ِﺭﻱ‪‬؛ ﻭﻫﻭ‬
‫ﻭﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﺎﻤِﻲ ﻨِﻘﺎﺒ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺩﺒ‪‬ﺎﻏﻴﻥ ﺍﻷﺘﺭﺍﻙ‪ ،‬ﻟﻪ‬
‫ﻀ‪‬ﺭﻴﺢ ﻴ‪‬ﺅﻤﻪ ‪‬ﺯﻭ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﺭ ﻜﺜﻴﺭﻭﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﻗـﺩ‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻟﻴﺭﻫﻭ ‪ ،Callirhoe‬ﻭﺃﺨـﺕ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﺠﻴﺭﻭﻭﻥ ‪ ،Geryon‬ﻭﻗﺩ َﺃ ﹾﻨﺠ‪‬ﺒ‪ ‬ﹾ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺘﻭﻓﻭﻥ ‪ Typhon‬ﻜﹶﺜﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻭﺤ‪‬ﻭﺵ ﺍﻟﻬﺎ ِﺌﻠﹶﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﺤﺩ‪‬ﺜﺕ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻁﻴﺭ‪ :‬ﺨﻴﻤـﺎﻴﺭﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻭﺭﺘـﻭﺱ‬
‫ﹸﻨﺴِﺠﺕ ﺤﻭﻟﻪ ﺃﺴﺎﻁﻴﺭ ﻋﺩﻴﺩﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ـﻲ ﺃﻭﺭﺍﻥ‬
‫ـﺎﻁﻴﺭ ﺃﺨـ‬
‫ـﺭ ‪‬ﺩ ﺃﺴـ‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺘـ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺭﻀ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻤ‪‬ﺼﻨﱠﻔﺎﺕ ﹸﻜﺘﱠﺎﺏ ﻤﺜـل‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ـﺎﺕ‬
‫ـﺏ ِﻨﻘﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺒـ‬
‫ـﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹸﻜ ﹸﺘـ‬
‫ـﺎ ﺠﻠﺒـ‬
‫ﺃﻭﻟﻴـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩﺒ‪‬ﺎﻏﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﺭﻭﺍﻴـﺎﺕ ﺸـﻔﻬﻴﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﻋﻤِـ َ‬
‫ﻭﺘﺫﻫﺏ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺨﻲ ﺃُﻭﺭ‪‬ﺍﻥ ‪‬‬
‫ـﻭل‪،‬‬
‫ـﻭ ﺍﻟﻬــ‬
‫‪ ،Orthos‬ﻭ* ﺃﺒــ‬
‫ﻭﺴﻴﺭﺒﺭﻭﺱ ‪ ،Cerberus‬ﻭﺴﻴﻼ‬
‫ـﺎﺕ‬
‫ـﺩﺭﺍ ‪ ،Hydra‬ﻭﺘﻨﻴﻨــ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻴــ‬
‫*ﺍﻟﻬﺴﺒﻴﺭﻴﺩﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﻭﻟﺸﻴﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺴﺩ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺼﻌِﻴﺩ ﻤﺼﺭ‪ ،‬ﻜﺎﻨـﺕ‬
‫ﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ ﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺇﺧِﻴﺪ‪‬ﻧﺎ‬
‫‪ECHIDNA‬‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﻏ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺒﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﺁﺴـﻴﻭﻴﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺇﻓﺭﻴﻘﻴـﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺃﻭ ﹶ‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟﺭﺴ‪‬ﻭﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﺘ ﹾﻘﺘﹶﻀﻲ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ـﺔ ﹶﺘ ـ ‪‬ﻭﺩ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ـﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﺎﺭﻴـ‬
‫ﺼـ‬
‫ـﺎﺯ ِﻗ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﻟﻐـ‬
‫ﺃﺧﻲ ﺃﹸﻭﺭ‪‬ﺍﻥ‬
‫ﻁﻘﹶﺔ؛ ﻭﻫـﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻌِﻴﺭ‪‬ﺓ‬
‫ﺸﻌِﻴﺭ‪‬ﺓ ﺍﻟﻤِ ﹾﻨ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﻨﻴﻤﻴﺎ )ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺎﻥ(‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻨﱠﺴﺭ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬
‫ل ﹶﻜﺒِﺩ‪* ‬ﺒ‪‬ﺭﻭﻤِﻴﺜﻴ‪‬ﻭﺱ‪.‬‬
‫َﺃ ﹶﻜ َ‬
‫‪٣٥‬‬
‫ل ﺸﺭﻗﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﹸﺘ ِﻘﻴ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺃَﺼ ٍ‬
‫ﻓﺘﺎﺓ ﺼﻐﻴﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﺘﻌـﻴﺵ ﻓـﻭﻕ ِﻗﻤ‪‬ـ ِﻡ‬
‫ﻟﻪ ﻗﺼـﺭ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌﱠﻠﻘﹰـﺎ ﺒـﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺴـﻤﺎﺀ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﺃﺴﻔل ﺃﺭﻴﻤﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻘـﺎل‬
‫ﺤ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﺒﺎل‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﻬﺒﻁ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟ ِﻭ ‪‬ﺩﻴ‪‬ـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻷﺭﺽ‪ ،‬ﻭﻭﻋﺩﻩ ﺒﺄﻥ ﻴـﺩﻓﻊ ﻟـﻪ‬
‫ـﻰ‬
‫ـل ﻋﻠـ‬
‫ـﺎﻭﻤﺕ * ِﻫ ‪‬ﺭ ﹾﻗـ‬
‫ـﺎ ﺴـ‬
‫ﺇﻨﻬـ‬
‫ﻟِﻠ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺒﺩ‪‬ﺓ ﺃﺜﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻠﻴل‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﻭﺭﺩ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻤﻘﺎﺒل ﺫﻟﻙ ﻤ‪‬ﺒﻠﻐﹰﺎ ﻁـﺎ ِﺌﻼﹰ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨِـﻪ‬
‫ﺃﺒﻨﺎﺀ؛ ﺍﺴﺘﻁﺎﻉ ﺃﺤﺩﻫﻡ ﻭﻫﻭ ﺴـﻜﻴﺜﺎ‬
‫ﻴﺼﻴﺏ ﻤـﻥ ﻴ‪ ‬ﺭﺘﹶـﺩ‪‬ﻭﻥ‪ ‬ﻤﻼﺒـﺱ‬
‫ل ﻓﻲ ﺒﻨﺎﺀ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻘﺼﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨﻔﺴﻪ ﺇﺫﺍ ﹶﻓﺸِ َ‬
‫ﺤﻤﺭﺍﺀ؛ ﻭﻟﻬﺫﺍ ﻴ‪‬ﺤﺭﺹ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻟِـﺩ‪‬ﺍﻥ‬
‫ل ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ـ ﹾﺫ ِﻫ ُ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻨﺘﺸﺭ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﻱ ﺤـﻭل‬
‫ﻁ ﺨﻴﻁ ِﻗ ‪‬ﺭﻤِـ ِﺯ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺒ ِ‬
‫ﺃﺭﺠﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺒِﻼﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺴﻤﻊ ﺒﻪ ﺃﺨﻴﻜـﺎﺭ‪،‬‬
‫ﺃﻋﻨﺎﻕ ﺃﻁﻔﺎﻟﻬﻡ‪ ،‬ﻟﻭﻗﺎﻴﺘﻬﻡ ﻤﻥ ﻫـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺨﺒ‪‬ﺄﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋ‪‬ﻠﻡ ﺴـﻨﺨﺭﻴﺏ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺒ‪‬ﺭ‪‬ﺯ‪ ‬ﻤﻥ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻠﹶﻤﺎﺀ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻨﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﻭﻴﺫﻫﺏ ﺒ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﻤﻥ ﺸﹶـﺒ‪‬ﺢ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻷﻁﻔﺎ َ‬
‫ﺩﺍ ‪‬ﺀ ‪‬ﻴﺼِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﻤِﺼﺭ ﺒﺭﺴﺎﻟﺔ‪ ،‬ﻁﻠﹶﺏ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴﺒ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻌﺘِﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻨﺠﺒﺕ ﻤﻨـﻪ ﺜﻼﺜـﺔ‬
‫‪‬ﻤﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫‪ Scytha‬ﺃﻥ ﻴﺜﻨﻲ ﹶﻗ ‪‬ﻭﺱ‪ ‬ﻫﺭﻗـل‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﺼﺒﺢ ‪‬ﻤِﻠﻜﹰﺎ ﻟﻸﺴﻜﻭﺜﻴﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻘﻴـﺕ‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﺭﻋ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﺃﺨﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻴ‪‬ـ ِﺩ‬
‫ﺇﺨﻴﺩﻨﺎ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻱ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻷﺨﻴـﺭﻱ ﻻ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﹸﻭﻟﻜﻠﹸﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻬِﻨﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺽ‪ .‬ﻭﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻋ‪‬ـ ِﺘﻼﹶل ﺼِـﺤ‪‬ﺔ‬
‫ﺃﻨﻪ ﻻ ﻴﺯﺍل ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻗﻴـﺩ ﺍﻟﺤﻴـﺎﺓ؛‬
‫ﺍﻷﻁﻔﺎل ﻴﻘﺎل ﺇﻥ ﺍﻷﺨِﻴﺭِﻱ ﻗﺩ َﺃ ﹾﻟﻘﹶﻰ‬
‫ﻓﺄﺭﺴﻠﻪ ﺇﻟﻰ ِﻓ ‪‬ﺭﻋ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻴـﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﻅﻠﱠ ‪‬ﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺤﺭ‪‬ﺍ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﻤﻜﱠﻥ ﺃﺨﻴﻜﺎﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺒﻨـﺎ ِﺀ‬
‫ﻭﺴﺎ ِ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺃﺭﺠﻭﺱ ﺒﺎﻨﻭﻴﺘﺱ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﺸﺘﺭﻁ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻴﺩﻓﻊ ﻟﻪ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻠﻎ‬
‫ﺃﹶﺧِﲑ‪‬ﻭﻥ ‪ACHERON‬‬
‫ﻨﹶﻬ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴلِ‪ ،‬ﺃﺤﺩ ﺍﻷﻨﻬﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺨﻤﺴﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺼﺭ ﺒﺴﻬﻭﻟﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻬﻭﺍﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋـﺎ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﻁ ﺒﺎﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻔﻠﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴ‪‬ﺭﺍﺩِﻑ ﺃﺧِﻴﻜــﺎﺭ ﺃﻭ ﺃﻫِﻴﻜــﺎﺭ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﹸﺘﺤِﻴ ﹸ‬
‫ﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﹰﺎ ﻫﺎﺩﻴﺱ ﻨﻔﺴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺠﺎﺀ ﻓـﻲ ﺃﺧ‪‬ﻴﺎﻛﹶﺎﺭ‪‬ﻭﺱ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻗﺩ‪‬ﻤﻬﺎ ﻟـﻪ ﻓﺭﻋـﻭﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﻫـﺫﻩ‬
‫ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴﻘﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺩ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺤﻜﹶﺎﻴﺔ ﻤﺤﻔﻭﻅـﺔ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻜﺘـﺏ‬
‫‪ ACHIKAR, AHIKAR‬ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺨﺭ‪‬ﻭﻴ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﻟﺩﻯ ﺍﻟﻴﻬﻭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻓﻠﺴﻔﺔ ﺍﻷ ﹾ‬
‫‪ OR ACHIACARUS‬ﺍﻵﺸﻭﺭﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴـﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﺜﻴﻭﺒﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘﺤِ ‪‬ﻡ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻗﺒل ﺩﺨـﻭل‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺭ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﻴ‪‬ﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﱠﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﺫﻫﺏ ﺃﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ ‪‬ﻤﺴِـﻴ ِ‬
‫ـﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺨِﻴـ‬
‫ﺇﻟـ‬
‫ـﺭﺓ‬
‫ـﺭ‪‬ﻭﻥ )ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻴـ‬
‫ﺨﻠِـﻪ ﻤﺩﻴﻨـﺔ‬
‫ﻜﺎﻟﻠﺒﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﻘﻊ ﻓـﻲ ﺩﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺏ‪ .‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﻨﻬﺭ ﺃﺨﻴـﺭﻭﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻠﻘﹶـﻰ‬
‫ﻤﻴﻜﺎﺌﻴل ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺎﺌﺒﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﻴ‪‬ﺨﺭِﺠﻬﻡ ﻤﻨﻪ‪،‬‬
‫‪‬ﻴﻘِﻴ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﱠﺘﻘﹸﻭﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﺧِﲑِﻱ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﺤ ِﻜ ‪‬ﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺒﺎﻹﻋﺩﺍﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻪ‬
‫ﻅﹸﻠﻤ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﹶﻓ ‪‬ﺭ ﻭﺍﺨﺘﻔﻰ ﻓﺘﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﻋﺎﺩ ﻋﻨـﺩﻤﺎ‬
‫ﺍﺸﺘﺩ‪‬ﺕ ﺤﺎﺠ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻠِﻙ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻨﻘـﺫﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﻕ ﺃﺨِﻴﻜـﺎﺭ ﺃﻭﻻﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻡ ﻴ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺯ ﹾ‬
‫ﺯ‪‬ﻭﺠ‪‬ﺎﺘِﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﺘﱢﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺒﻨﱠﻰ ﺍﺒﻥ ﺃﺨﻴـﻪ‬
‫ل ﻋﻤ‪‬ـﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺩ ﻓﹶﻀـ َ‬
‫ﺠ‪‬‬
‫ﻨﺎﺩ‪‬ﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﺂﻤ‪‬ﺭ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻨﺠﺢ ﻓﻲ ﺇﺩﺍﻨﺘﻪ ﻓﺤﻜﻡ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺒﺎﻹﻋﺩﺍﻡ‪ .‬ﻭﻤﺎ ﺇﻥ ﻭﺼل ﹶﻨﺒ‪‬ـُﺄ‬
‫‪ACHERI‬‬
‫ﻕ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺩ ‪‬ﻴﺔٍ‪ ،‬ﺘﺭﺠﻊ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻥ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺃﻭﺭﺍ ٍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﻤِﺱ ﻗﺒل ﺍﻟﻤﻴﻼﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﻌ ﹶﺘﻘﹶـ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺼل ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻘﺩ‪‬ﻭﻨﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ ‪‬ﺭﻭِﻴﺕ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﱠﻔﺼﻴل ﻓﻲ ﻜﺘﺎﺏ "*ﺃﻟـﻑ ﻟﻴﻠـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻓﺎ ِﺓ ﺃﺨﻴﻜﺎﺭ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻙ ﺴـﻨﺨﺭﻴﺏ‬
‫ﻥ ﻤﻠـﻙ‬
‫ﺙ ﺇﻟﻴـﻪ ﺍﻟ ِﻔ ‪‬ﺭﻋ‪‬ـﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﺘﱠﻰ ﺒﻌ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻴﻠﺔ"‪ .‬ﻭﺤﻜﹶﺎﻴﺔ ﺃﺨﻴﻜـﺎﺭ ﻨﻤـﻭﺫﺝ‬
‫ﻟﻠﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭﻭِﻱ ﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺤﺩ‪‬ﺙ ﺃﺜﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﻨﺘﺸﺎﺭ ‪‬ﻤﺠ‪‬ﺎﻋ‪‬ﺔ؛ ﺇﺫ َﺃﻤ‪‬ﺭ‪‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﺄﺘﻲ ﺒﻬﻡ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺏ؛ ﺤﻴﺙ‬
‫ﺴﻨﺨﺭﻴﺏ ﻤﻠﻙ ﺁﺸﻭﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﻗـﺩ ﺍ ﱡﺘﻬِـ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻷﺭﻤﻴﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻤﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﺘﺯﺍل ﺒﺎﻗﻴﺔ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺨﻴﺭﻭﻨﻴﺔ( ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺩﻓﱠﻕ ﻤﻨﻪ ﻤﻴﺎﻩ ﺒﻴﻀﺎﺀ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺡ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻭﺘﹶﻰ ﻴﺠﺏ ﺃَﻥ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺒﺭ‪ ‬ﻫـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺃﺭﻭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺦ ﺍﻟﺤﻜــﻴﻡ‪ ،‬ﻤﺴﺘﺸــﺎﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠــﻴ ﹸ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺴﻨﺨﺭﻴﺏ ﻴﺤﻤل ﺍﻟﺜﱠﺭﻭﺓ ﺍﻟﻁﺎﺌﻠﺔ‬
‫ﻙ ﺒﻘﺘل ﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﻭﺥ‪ ،‬ﺘـﻭﻓﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﻟِﻠﻘﹸﻭﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺴﺘﻁﺎﻉ ﺸﺎﺏ ﺃﻥ ﻴﺨﻔـﻲ‬
‫ﺃﺒﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻴﺦ‪ ،‬ﺤﺘﱠﻰ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺯ ﻤﻥ ﻤﺨﺒـﺄﻩ‬
‫‪٣٦‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﻭﻗﺕ ﺴﺎﺀﺕ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺃﺤﻭﺍل ﺍﻟﺒﻼﺩ؛‬
‫ﺒﺭﻴﺯﻴﺱ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺨﻴل ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ ﺴ‪‬ـﻠﱠﻤﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺴﻔﻥ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﺃﺴـﻠﻡ ﺍﻟﺠﺜـﺔ‬
‫ﻓﺄَﻨﻘﺫ ﺒﺤﻜﻤﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺠ‪‬ﺎﻋ‪‬ﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺇﻟﺤﺎﺡ ﺃﺜﻴﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﻗﻌﺩ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺤ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ *ﺒﺭﻴـﺎﻤﻭﺱ ﻋﻨـﺩﻤﺎ ﺃﻗﺒـل‬
‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺕ ﻨﻔﺴﻪ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻻﺴـﺘﻤﺭﺍﺭ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺴﻼﹰ ﺒﺄَﻥ ﻴﺘـﺭﻙ ﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﺒﺸﺨﺼﻪ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘﻭ‪ ‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻋﺘـﺯل ﺍﻟﻨـﺎﺱ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺠﺜﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﺒﻨﻪ‪.‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺃﹶﺧِﻴﻞ‬
‫‪ACHILLES‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻊ ﺃﺒﻁـﺎ ِ‬
‫ل ﻭﺃﻗﻭﻯ ﻭﺃﺸﹾـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤ ُ‬
‫َﺃ ‪‬‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺎﻥ ﻓﻲ *ﺇﻟﻴـﺎﺫﺓ ﻫـﻭﻤﻴﺭﻭﺱ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﻭ ﺍﺒﻥ ﺒﻠﻴـﻭﺱ ‪ Peleus‬ﻭ*‬
‫ﺜﻴﺘﻴﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﺃﺨﺫﺘﻪ ﺃﻤﻪ ﻭﻫﻭ ﻁﻔل‪،‬‬
‫ﻏﻁﱠﺴﺘﻪ ﻓﻲ ﻨﻬﺭ "ﺴﺘﻴﻜﺱ" ﻟﻜـﻲ‬
‫ﻭﹶ‬
‫ـﻭﺕ ﺇﻻ ﺇﺫﺍ‬
‫ـﺒﺢ ﺨﺎِﻟ ـﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﻻ ﻴﻤـ‬
‫ﻴﺼـ‬
‫ﻭﺩﺍﺭﺕ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺍﺌﺭ ﹸﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻴ‪‬ﻭﻨـﺎﻥ؛‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻭﺍﺩﻴﻴﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﺫﻫﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﺤﻤﺔ ﺒﻌﺩ‬
‫ﻓﺄﺭﺴﻠﹸﻭﺍ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﻓﺩ‪‬ﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗـﺩ‪‬ﻤﻭﺍ ﺇﻟﻴـﻪ‬
‫ﺫﻟﻙ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺃﻥ *ﺒـﺎﺭﻴﺱ ﺍﻜﺘﺸـﻑ‬
‫ﻫﺩﺍﻴﺎ ﻨﻔﻴﺴـﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻭﻋـﺩ‪‬ﻭﻩ ﺒﺈﻋـﺎﺩﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻊ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﺼﺎﺏ ﻤﻨﻪ ﺃﺨﻴـل‬
‫ﺒﺭﻴﺯﻴﺱ ﺇﻟﻴـﻪ‪ ،‬ﺇﺫﺍ ﺍﺸـﺘﺭﻙ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻜﹶﻌﺒِﻪ ﺴﻬﻤ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﻁﹶﻠ ﹶ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﻤﻘﺘل؛ ﻓَﺄ ﹾ‬
‫ﻭﺃﺨﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﺴﻤﺢ ﻟـ* ﺒﺘﺭﻭﻜﻠﺱ ﻭﻫﻭ‬
‫ﻭﻴﻅﻬﺭ ﺃﺨﻴل ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻷﺴـﺎﻁﻴﺭ‬
‫ﺨﻴ‪‬ﻠﻪ‬
‫ﺃﺨﻠﺹ ﺃﺼﺩﻗﺎﺌﻪ‪ ،‬ﺒﺄﻥ ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺎﺒِﻘﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﻠﺤﻤﺔ ﻫﻭﻤﻴﺭﺱ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻭ ِﺩ ‪‬ﺭﻋ‪‬ﻪ ﻭﺴِﻼﺤ‪‬ﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻘﻲ ﺒﺘﺭﻭﻜﻠﺱ‬
‫ﺼﻭﺭﺓ ﺇﻟﻪ ﻟﻠﺒﺤﺭ‪ ،‬ﺘﺸـﻴﺩ ﻤﻌﺎﺒـﺩﻩ‬
‫ﻤﺼﺭﻋﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ِﻘﺘﹶﺎل‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺤ‪‬ﺯِﻥ‪ ‬ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ‬
‫ﺨ ﹾﻠﺠ‪‬ــﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻋﻠــﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻀــﺎﻴﻕ ﻭﺍﻟ ﹸ‬
‫ﺜﻴﺘﻴﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻭﻋﺩﺘﻪ ﺒﺴِـﻼﺡ ﺠﺩﻴـﺩ‪،‬‬
‫ﺤﻴﺙ ﻴﺴﺘﻁﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﺤ‪‬ﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺴ‪‬ل ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‬
‫ﻴﺼﻨﻌﻪ ﻟﻪ ﻫﻴﻔﺎﻴﺴﺘﻭﺱ‪ .‬ﻭﺤﺭ‪‬ﻀﺘﻪ‬
‫ﺒﺄﻥ ﻴﺭﺴل ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻡ ﺍﻟﺭﻴﺎﺡ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺘﻴـﺔ‬
‫*ﺃﻴﺭﻴﺱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺴـ ِﺘﻌ‪‬ﺎﺩ‪‬ﺓ ﺠﺜﻤـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻟﻬﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻥ ﻴﺼل ﺒﻬـﻡ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺒ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﺍﺴﺘﻤﺭ ﻓﻲ ﻋﻨـﺎﺩﻩ‪،‬‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﺴﻤ‪‬ﻭﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻗﻀ‪‬ﻰ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‪.‬‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺃﺼﻴﺏ ﻓﻲ ﹶﻜ ‪‬ﻌﺒِﻪِ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻟـﻡ ﺘﻤﺴـﻪ‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬ﻴﻤ‪‬ﺘﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻜﺫﺍ ﺘﻡ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﺭ ﻟﻠﻴﻭﻨﺎﻥ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺎﻩ؛ ﻷﻥ ﺃﻤﻪ ﺤﻤﻠﺘﻪ ﻤﻨﻪ ﻭﻫـﻲ‬
‫ﺼﺒ‪‬ﺎﻩ ﺃﺩ‪‬ﺒـﻪ‬
‫ﺘﻐﻤﺭﻩ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓﻲ ِ‬
‫ﺨﻴﺭﻭﻥ ‪ .Chiron‬ﻭﻟﻤﺎ ﺒ‪‬ﹶﻠ ﹶﻎ ﻤ‪ ‬ﺒﹶﻠ ﹶﻎ‬
‫ﻱ ﻓﺘﺎﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺒﻼﻁ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺠﺎل ﺘﻨﻜﱠﺭ ﻓﻲ ِﺯ ‪‬‬
‫ﻟﻭﻜﻭﻤﻴﺩﻴﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻨـﺎﻙ ﻜﺸـﻑ *‬
‫ﺃﻭﻟﻴﺴﺱ ﺃﻤﺭﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻏﺭﺍﻩ ﺒﻤﺸـﺎﺭﻜﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺘﺫﻫﺏ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺍﻴﺎﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺃﻤﻪ ﺃﺨﺒﺭﺘﻪ ﺒﺄﻨﻪ ﺇﻤـﺎ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴﺤ‪‬ـ ِﺭ ‪‬ﺯ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺼ ‪‬ﺭ ﻭﻴﻤﻭﺕ ﻤ‪‬ﺒﻜﱢـﺭﺍﹰ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻤـﺎ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺨﻤ‪‬ﻭل‪ .‬ﻭﺁﺜﺭ ﺃﺨﻴـل ﺃﻥ ﻴﻅﻔـﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹸ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺠﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻥ ﻟﻘﻲ ﺤﺘﻔﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺯﻫـﺭﺓ‬
‫ـﺭﺏ‬
‫ـﻲ ﺤـ‬
‫ـﺘﺭﻙ ﻓـ‬
‫ـﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺸـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﻤـ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻤــﺎ ﺃُﺭﻏِــ ‪‬ﻡ ﺃﺠــﺎﻤﻤﻨﻭﻥ‬
‫‪ Agamemnon‬ﻋﻠــﻰ ﺘﺴــﻠﻴﻡ‬
‫ﻜﺭﻴﺯﻴﻥ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﺒﻴﻬﺎ ﻫﺩ‪‬ﺩ ﺒﺄﻥ ﻴﺄﺨـﺫ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﺤ ﹰﺔ ﻤﺩﻭﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻠﺤﺭﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻁﻠﹶﻕ ﺼ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﻌﻠﺕ ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻭﺍ ِﺩﻴ‪‬ﻴﻥ ﻴﻔـﺭ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺨﻭﻑ ﻭﻫﻠﻊ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﺃﺴﺭﻉ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺤ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻤ ِﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺃﺨﻴل ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺄﺜﹸﻭﺭ‪‬ﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺸـﻌﺒﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﻤﻭﺫﺝ ﻟﻠﺒﻁل ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭِﻕ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬
‫ﻴﺅﺜﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺠ ‪‬ﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎﺓ ﺍﻟﻁﱠﻭﻴﻠـﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻭﻏﹶﻰ‪ ،‬ﺒﻌﺩ ﺃﻥ ﺃُﺤﻀﺭ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺴﻼﺤﻪ‬
‫ﻭﺘﻀﻡ ﻤﻠﺤﻤﺘـﻪ ﺃﺭﺒﻌـﺔ ﻤﺤـﺎﻭﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺘل ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴـﺩ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻱ‬
‫ﺭﺌﻴﺴﻴﺔ ﻫﻲ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﺒﻁل ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻨﻜﱠﺭ ﻓﻲ ِﺯ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻋﺩﺍﺌﻪ ﻭﺃﻋﺩﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨـﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺨﻴـﺭ‪‬ﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻤﺭﺃﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻭﻀِﻊ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴ‪‬ﺼﺎﺏ ﻤﻨﻪ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻁﺭﻭﺍﺩﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﺼﺩﻴﻘِﻪ ﺒﺘﺭﻭﻜﻠﺱ‪ .‬ﻭ ﹶﻨﻬ‪‬ﺽ‪ ‬ﺃﺨﻴـل‬
‫ﺍﻷﻤﺎﻥ‪.‬‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺏ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬
‫ﻼ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻴﺎﺓ ﻴ‪‬ﻐِﻠ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺭ ﻁﻭﻴ ﹰ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﻀ ‪‬ﺩ ﻁﺭﻭﺍﺩﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺎﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺤﺭﺒﻬﻡ ِ‬
‫ﺸﺩِﻴﺩ‪‬ﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭﻭﺍﺴـﺘﻪ ﺃﻤـﻪ‬
‫ﺃﺨِﻴل ﺤ‪‬ﺯﻨﹰﺎ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺨﻭﺭ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﻁﻭل ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﺎﻁِﺊ؛‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻰ ﺒـ* ﻫﻜﺘﻭﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒﺎ ‪‬ﺭﺯ‪‬ﻩ ﺜﻼﺙ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻘﺘﹶل‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﻼﺡ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺴـﺤ‪‬ﻭﺭ‪،‬‬
‫ﻤﺭﺍﺕ ﺤﻭل ﺃﺴﻭﺍﺭ ﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ ﻁﺭﻭﺍﺩﺓ‪،‬‬
‫ﺤﺼ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎﻁِﻕ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺘﻠﻪ ﺁﺨﺭ ﺍﻷﻤﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻭﺜﻕ ﺠﺜﻤﺎﻨـﻪ‬
‫ﺢ ﺃﺨﻴل ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺠِﻴﺏ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ﺍﺸﺘﻬﺭ ﺭ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﻌﺠﻠﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺒﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻨﻁﻠﻕ ﺒﻪ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ـﻔﺎﺀ‬
‫ـﻰ ﺸـ‬
‫ـﺔ ﻋﻠـ‬
‫ـﻪ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭِﻗـ‬
‫ﺒﻘﺩﺭﺘـ‬
‫‪٣٧‬‬
‫‪ Telephus‬ﻤﻠﻙ ﻤﻴﺯﻴﺎ ‪Mysia‬‬
‫ﺤﻜﹶﺎﻴﺔ ﺘﹶﻀ ‪‬ﻡ ‪‬ﻤﻐﹶﺎﻤﺭ ﹰﺓ ﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ِ‬
‫ﺠ‪‬ﻨﺎﺤﻴﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻡ ﺘﻬﺏ ﺍﻟـﺭﻴﺢ ﻟﻤـﺩﺓ‬
‫ﺢ ﺃﺨﻴـل ﺒﺠ‪‬ـﺭﺡ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺃﺼﺎﺒﻪ ﺭ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻷﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﻟﺩﻯ‬
‫ﺼ ﹰﺔ ﺘﺎﺭِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺃﻭ ِﻗ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴﺒﻌﺔ ﺃﻴﺎﻡ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﺴﺎﺀ‪‬ل ﺁﻨﻭ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ‬
‫ﻤﻌﺭﻜﺔ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ ﻨﺯﻟﻭﺍ ﺇﻟﻰ‬
‫"ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻤﺸﻴﻴﻥ" ﺒﺎﻟﻬِﻨﺩ ﻟﻴﺴﺕ ﺇﻻ ﺤﻜﺎﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻋﻥ ﺴﺒﺏ ﻋﺩﻡ ‪‬ﻫﺒ‪‬ﻭﺒﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃُﺒﻠِ ﹶﻎ ﺒﻤـﺎ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ـﻭﺱ‬
‫ـﺭﻭﻯ ﺃﻥ ﺘﻠﻴﻔـ‬
‫ـﺭﻭﺡ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠـ‬
‫"ﻤﺎﻜﺴﻙ"‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺼﻁﹶﻠﺢ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ ﻴ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩلﱡ‬
‫ﺽ ﻋﻠـﻰ "ﺸـﻭﺘﻭ"‪ ،‬ﻭﺤﻁﱠـﻡ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻨﹾﻘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﻁـﺭﻭﺍﺩﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟـﻡ ﻴﻠﺘـﺌﻡ ﻫـﺫﺍ‬
‫‪‬ﻤﻀ‪‬ﻰ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺯ‪‬ﻤﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺸﹶﺨﺼِـﻴ‪‬ﺎﺘﹸﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺃﻤﺎﻤﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﺸﻔﻕ ﺇﻴـﺎ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﺒﻨـﻪ؛‬
‫ﺤﻴﻭﺍﻨﺎﺕ ﺘﺘﺤﺩ‪‬ﺙ ﻤﺜل ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﺸﹶـﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ‬
‫ﻓﺤﺫﺭﻩ ﻤﻥ ﺘﻨﺎﻭل ﺍﻟﺨﹸﺒﺯ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻤـﺎﺀ‬
‫ﺘﺨﺘﻠﻑ ﻋﻨﻬﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺴﻠﻭﻜﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺜﻴـﺭ‬
‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﹸﻗﺩ‪‬ﻤﺎ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ؛ ﻷﻨﻪ ﺇﻥ ﻓﻌل ﺫﻟﻙ ﻓﻠﻥ‬
‫ﺤﻜﹶﺎﻴ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﻴ‪‬ـﺭ‪‬ﻭﻱ ِﻗﺼ‪‬ـ ﹶﺔ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ل ﺁﺩﺍﺒـﺎ‬
‫ﺢ ﻟﻪ ﺒﺎﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺩ ِﺓ ﺃﺒﺩ‪‬ﺍ‪ .‬ﻭﻤ‪ ‬ﹶﺜ َ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁﺭﻭﺍﺩﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﺤﺼل ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻤ‪‬ـﺭﻫ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﻭﺨﺼﺎﺌﺼــﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻤﻤﻴــﺯﺓ‪ .‬ﺃﻤــﺎ‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﻨ ‪‬ﺩﻤِﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ِﻓ ‪‬ﻌﹶﻠ ِﺘﻪِ؛ ﹶﻓ ‪‬ﻌﻔﹶﺎ ﺁﻨﻭ ﻋﻨـﻪ‬
‫ﻴﺤﺘﻭﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺼﺩﺃ ﻤﻥ ﺫﻟﻙ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻤﺢ‬
‫"ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻜﺴﻙ"؛ ﻓﻘـﺩ ﺘﻀـﻡ ﺃﺤـﺩﺍﺜﹰﺎ‬
‫ﺠﺸﹾـﺯﻴﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒﻌﺩ ﺃﻥ ﺘﺸﻔﱠﻊ ﻟﻪ ﹶﺘﻤ‪‬ﻭﺯ ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻋﺒِـ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺠﻴﺏ؛ ﻓﺎﻟﺘﺄَﻡ ﺍﻟﺠ‪‬ﺭﺡ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻘﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺸﺨﺼﻴﺎﺕ ﺨﺎ ِﺭﻗﹶﺔ ﻟﻠﻌﺎﺩﺓ؛ ﻷﻥ ﻜل‬
‫ﻭﺃﺩﺭ‪‬ﻙ ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ ﺃﻥ ﺁﺩﺍﺒﺎ ﺍﻁﹼﻠﻊ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺃﺨﻴل ﻓﻲ ﺃﻤﺎﻜﻥ ﻤ‪‬ﺘﻌﺩ‪‬ﺩﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺍﺠِﺢ‬
‫ﻤﺎ ﻫﻭ ﺨﺎﺭِﻕ ﻟﻠﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ ﻤﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﺩﺍﺌﻤ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﺃﺴــﺭﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺴــﻤﻭﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﻷﺭﺽ؛‬
‫ﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ ﻟﻬﺎ ﻨﺼﻴﺏ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗـﻊ‪،‬‬
‫ﻷﺴ‪‬ﺎﻁِﻴﺭ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴ ﹶﺔ ﻻ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻌﺩ‪ ‬ﻤﻥ ﹶﻗﺒِﻴل ﺍ َ‬
‫ﺨﻠﹸﻭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨـﻪ‬
‫ﺤﻴ‪‬ﺎﺓِ‪ ،‬ﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻜﺘﹶﺏ ﻟﻪ ﺍﻟ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻡ ﻴﻌﺜﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺘﻤﺎﺜﻴل ﺘﹸﺠﺴ‪‬ﻤﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇ ‪‬‬
‫ﺇﻻ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺃﺤﺩﺍﺜﹸﻬﺎ ﻗﺩ ﻭﻗﻌﺕ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺘﺫﻜﺭ ﺘﺤﺫِﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﺃﺒﻴﻪ ﺇﻴﺎ ﻭﻟﻡ ﻴﻤﺴـﻬﻤﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﺕ ﻟﻪ ﻟﻭﺤـﺎﺕ ﻭﺭﺴـﻭﻡ ﻓﻨﻴـﺔ‬
‫‪‬ﺒ ِﻘ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ﺘﻠﻙ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺭﺓ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺠِﻴﺒ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻜﺫﺍ ﻀﺎﻋ‪‬ﺕ ﻤﻨﻪ ﻓﺭﺼﺔ ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻭﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻤ‪‬ﺨﺘِﻠﻔﹰﺎ ﺘﻤﺎﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻥ ﻋﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻡ‪.‬‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺒﻼﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻁﱠﺭﻴـﻕ‬
‫ﻋﻥ ﺃﺤﺩﺍﺙ‪ ،‬ﻴ‪‬ﻌﺘﹶﻘﺩ ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﻭﻗﻌﺕ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺩﺙﹶ؛ ﻓﺎﺴ‪‬ـ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺩﻋ‪‬ﻰ ﺁﺩﺍﺒـﺎ ﻟﻠ ‪‬ﻤﺜﹸـﻭل‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﺡ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﺘﻔﻕ ﺃﻥ ﺴﻤﻊ ﺘﻠﻴﻔـﻭﺱ‬
‫ﺠﺭ‪‬ﺡ ‪‬ﻴﺴ‪‬ـ ﹶﺘﻁِﻴ ‪‬ﻊ‬
‫ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﺃﺒ‪‬ﻭﻟﱡﻭ‪" :‬ﻤﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻲ"؛ ﻓﺒﺤﺙ ﻋﻥ ﺃﺨﻴل ﺒـﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺸ ِﻔ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ﺨﻠﻕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﻭﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻨﺎﺕ‪،‬‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺭ‪‬ﺍ ِﺒﻁِﻴﻥ ﺃﻤـﺎﻡ ﻤﺩﻴﻨـﺔ‬
‫ﺃﻤﺎﻡ ﺁﻨﻭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻋﺭ‪‬ﺏ ﻟﻪ ﻋـﻥ ﺃﺴـﻔﻪ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﻭﺭﺍﺀ ﺍﻷﺴــﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻠﺤﻤــﺔ‬
‫ﺤﻴ‪‬ﺎﺓ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﺒﺎﻟﻬِﻨـﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻜـﻥ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺁﺩ‪‬ﺍﭘ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺃﹶﺧِﻴﻠﱢﻲ‬
‫‪ACHILLEA‬‬
‫‪ADAPA‬‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺯ ﹾﻨﺒ‪‬ل ﻭ ‪‬ﺒﻘﹾﻠﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻁﹶﺎﺱ؛ ﻭﻫﻭ ﺍﺴﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴﻤﻙ ﻤﻥ ﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ ﺇِﺭﻴﺩﻭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻴﺞ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺒ ِﺔ ﺃﺨﻴل‪ ،‬ﻭﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻁﻠﹶﻕ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪‬‬
‫ﻜﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻲ؛ ﻭﻫﻭ ﺍﺒﻥ ﺇﻴﺎ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﺤﻜﻤـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﻪ ﺃﺨﻴل ﻓﻲ ﻋِﻼﺝ ﺘﻠﻴﻔﻭﺱ‪.‬‬
‫ﺨﺭ‪‬ﺝ‪ ‬ﻴﻭﻤ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﻭﺘﹶﺭﻭِﻱ ﺍﻷﺴ‪‬ﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﺃﻨﻪ ﹶ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﺼﻁﻠﹶﺢ ﻫﻨﺩﻱ ﺘﺴﻤﺸﻲ‪ ،‬ﻴ‪‬ﻁﻠﹶﻕ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﺘﹶﻤﻴﻴﺯ‪‬ﺍ ﻟﻬﺎ ﻋـﻥ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫‪ADAD OR HADAD‬‬
‫ﺼﻔﹶﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻴﺢ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻁﹶﺭ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺇﻟ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻟﻌﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻤﻨﺤـﻪ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻓـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟـﺫﱠﻜﺎﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ﺢ‬
‫ﺕ "ﺸﹸﻭﺘﹸﻭ" ﺭِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻟﺼﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻤﻙ؛ ﻓ ﹶﻘﹶﻠﺒ‪ ‬ﹾ‬
‫ﺠﻨﹸﻭﺏ ﻗﺎ ِﺭﺒ‪‬ﻪ؛ ﻓﻭﺠﺩ ﻨﻔﺴـﻪ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺃﺩﺍﺒـﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﻏﻀِـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻤﻙ"‪ .‬ﻭ ﹶ‬
‫" ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴ‪‬ﺎﻁِﻴﺭ ﺍﻵﺸﻭﺭﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺎ ِﺒِﻠﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺒﺎﺒِل ﺃﺼﺒﺢ ﺍﺴﻤﻪ ﻤ‪‬ﺭﺍ ِﺩﻓﹰﺎ ﻟﺭﺍﻤـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﺭﻋﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻴﺨﺸـﻭﻨﻪ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺁﺩ‪‬ﺍﺃﻭﻛﹾﺲ‬
‫‪ADAOX‬‬
‫ﺁﺩ‪‬ﺍﺩ ﺃﻭ ﻫﺎﺩ‪‬ﺍﺩ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺍﺴ ‪‬ﻡ ﹶﻓﺼِﻴﻠﺔٍ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﻭﺴ‪‬ﺞ‪ ،‬ﹶﺘﻀ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﻲ ﺃُﺴﻁﹸﻭ ِﺭﻱ‪ ‬ﻭﺼـﺎﺌِﺩ‬
‫ل ﺒﺎ ِﺒِﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁٌ‬
‫‪‬ﺒ ﹶ‬
‫ـﻰ ﻨﺒـﺎﺕ‬
‫ـﺎﺕ ﻋﻠـ‬
‫ـﺽ ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺍﻴـ‬
‫ﺒﻌـ‬
‫ﺤﻴ‪‬ﺎ ِﺓ ﻭﻤـﺎ ‪‬ﺀ‬
‫ﹶﻓﻌ‪‬ﺭ‪‬ﻀ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺨﹸﺒ ‪‬ﺯ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻩ ﺇﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻟﻠﻌ‪‬ﺎﺼِـﻔﺔ ﻭﺍﻟـﺭ‪‬ﻴﺢ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﻌﺒﺩﻭﻨﻪ ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭِﻩ ﺇﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻟﻠ ‪‬ﻤﻁﹶﺭ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﺤﻴﻲ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﺒﻌﺩ ‪‬ﻤﻭ‪‬ﺍﺘِﻬﺎ ﻭﻴﺤﻤﻴﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺠﻔﹶﺎﻑ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﻗﺎﻡ ﺒـﺩﻭﺭ ﺇﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫‪٣٨‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻴ‪ ‬ﺒ ﹶﺘﻬِﻠﹸﻭﻥ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻴﺒﺩﻭ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ؛ ﻷﻨـﻪ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﻤﻡ؛ ﻓﻠﻡ ﻴﻌﺩ ﻤﻘﺼﻭﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﻟﻴﻘﻀﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻋﺩﺍﺌﻬﻡ‪ ،‬ﺒﺄﻥ ﻴﺭﺴـل‬
‫ل ﺒِ ﹶﺜ ‪‬ﻭﺭٍ‪.‬‬
‫ﻜﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻤﺜﱠ ُ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻭﻨﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﱡﻘﻭﺵ ﻭﺍﻵﺜﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩ‪‬ﻴﺔ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻡ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ـﻭﺍﻋِﻕ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺯ‪‬ﻭﺍﺒِـﻊ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﻴﺒﺘﻠﻴﻬﻡ ﺒﺎﻟ ﹶﻘﺤ‪‬ﻁ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺎﻡ ﺒﺩﻭﺭ ﻫﺎ ٍﻡ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺃﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔﻴ‪‬ﻀ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﺎ ِﺒِﻠﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﻌـﺩ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺁﺩ‪‬ﺍﺩ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺜﺔ ﺍﻟ ِﻌﻅﹶﺎﻡ ﻤـﻊ‬
‫ﺴﻥ ﻭﺸﺎﻤﺎﺵ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻥ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻋﺸـﺘﺎﺭ‬
‫ل ﻤﺤﻠﱠﻪ ﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﹰﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﺭﻤـﺯﻩ ﻫـﻭ‬
‫ﺘﹶﺤ ﱡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺎﻋِﻘﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺤﻴﻭﺍﻨﹸﻪ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻘـﺩ‪‬ﺱ ﻫـﻭ‬
‫ﺍﻷَﺩ‪‬ﺏ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﺸ‪‬ﻌﺒِﻲ‪‬‬
‫ﺹ ﺍﻟﺸﻔﺎﻫﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺭﻭﺍﻴـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﻨﺘﻘل ﻤﻥ ﻓﹶﺭ ٍﺩ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻓﹶﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻥ‬
‫‪FOLK LITERATURE‬‬
‫ﻲ ﻤ‪‬ﺼﻁﹶﻠﺢ ﺠﺩﻴـﺩ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﺇﻟﻰ ﺠِﻴل‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﺒِﻴﺌﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺒﻴﺌﺔ‬
‫ﺠِﻴ ٍ‬
‫ﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺘﹶﻭﺴ‪‬ـل‬
‫ل ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻌﺒﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻔﹶﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﺩ ﱡ‬
‫ﺤﻔﹾــﻅ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﺒﻭﺍﺴــﻁﺔ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘﹶﻠﻘﱢــﻲ ﺃَﻭ ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟ ﹶﻜﻠِﻤ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﺎ ﻴﺼﺎﺤﺒﻬﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺤﺭﻜـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺭﺩِﻴــﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﺩ‪‬ﻯ ﺘﺼــﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻷﺩﺏ‬
‫ﻭﺇﺸﺎﺭﺓ ﻭﺇﻴﻘﺎﻉ؛ ﺘﹶﺤﻘِﻴﻘﹰـﺎ ﻟﻭﺠـﺩﺍﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻲ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﻅﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺘﹶﻘﺴِﻴﻡ‬
‫ﺠﻤﺎﻋﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺠﻐﺭﺍﻓﻴﺔ ﻤ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﻴﻨﺔ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔﻨﱢﻲ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺘﻭﺴ‪‬ل ﺒﺎﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺜﱠــﻭﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ﹾﻗﻤ‪‬ــﻪ ﺍﻟﻤﻘــﺩ‪‬ﺱ ‪.٦‬‬
‫ﻭﺤﺩﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻨﻤـﺎ ﺃﺼـﺒﺢ ﻴﺸـﻤل‬
‫ﻭﺍﻨﺘﺸﺭﺕ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺘﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺒﺎﺒـل ﻷﻭ‪‬ل‬
‫ﻤﺭﺓ ﻓﻲ ﻤـﻭﺭﻭ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﺠﻨـﻭﺏ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﻩ‬
‫ﻭﺯﻭﺠﺘﻪ ﻫﻲ ﺴﺎﻻ ﺃﻭ ﺸﺎﻻ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺱ ﻓﻲ ﺸﻤﺎﻟﻲ ﺴﻭﺭﻴﺎ ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺇﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﻁﺭ ﻭﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒ‪‬ﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﻜـﺎﻥ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻥ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻤﻥ ﻗﺒـل ﺍﻟﻤـﻴﻼﺩ ﺃﻫـﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻤﺔ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﻜﺒﻴـﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻹﻟﻪ ﻤـﺎﺭﺘﻭﻭﻜﻭﺭ‬
‫ﺠﺒ‪‬ل ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻅِﻴﻡ(‪ .‬ﻭﺘـﺫﻫﺏ‬
‫– ﺠﺎل )ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺍﻴﺎﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻨﻪ ﺍﻹﻟـﻪ *‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﻓﻠﺴﻁﻴﻥ ﻫﻲ *ﺸﻴﺭﺍ‪ .‬ﻭﻋ‪‬ـﺭِ ﹶ‬
‫ﻲ ﺒﺎﺴﻡ ﺠـﻭﺒﻴﺘﺭ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﻬﺩ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﻤﺎ ِﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﻭﺒﻴﺘﺭ ﺩﺍﻤﺎﺴﻴﻨﻭﺱ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻜـﻥ ﺁﺩﺍﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻭﺭﻱ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭ‪‬ﻑ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬
‫ﺩﺍﺌﻤ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻏﻡ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﺨـﺘﻼﻑ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﻭﺍﻷﺩﺒﻴﺔ؛ ﻓﻘﺩ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻴﻌﻨﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻲ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﺠﻨـﺎﺱ‬
‫ﺘﻘﺴﻴﻡ ﺍﻷﺩﺏ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌ ِﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﺼﺒﺢ ﻤ‪‬ﺭﺍ ِﺩﻓﹰﺎ ﻟﻠﻔﻭﻟﻜﻠﻭﺭ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﺤ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﻭﻀﻊ ﺨﻁﻭﻁ ﻓﺎﺼﻠﺔ ﺒﻴﻥ ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻼﺘﻴﻨﻴﺔ ﻜل ﻤﺎ ﻴﻌﻨﻴـﻪ ﻤﺼـﻁﻠﺢ‬
‫ﻭﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﺸﻜﺎل‪ ،‬ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺴـﻠِﻴﻡ ﺒ ﹶﺘﻌ‪‬ـﺫﺭ‬
‫ل ﺍﻷﺩﺏ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒِﻲ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺼﺒﺢ‬
‫ﻤﺠﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﻭﻟﻜﻠﻭﺭ ﻋِﻠﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻗﺎﺌﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺒﺭﺃﺴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﻉ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺠﻨﺎﺱ ﻭﺍﻷﺸﻜﺎل‪ .‬ﻭﻴﻐﻠِﺏ ﺍﻹﺒﺩﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﻨﺎﻫﺠﻪ ﻭﺩﻭﺍﺌـﺭ ﺒﺤﺜـﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻷﺩﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒﻲ ﺠﺯﺀ ﻜﺒﻴﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺄﺜﹸﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻭ ﻟﻴﺱ ﺍﻷﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﻤﺎ ﺘﺘﺴﻡ ﺒﻪ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺄﺜﹸﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻡ ﺒﻜ ِ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﱠﺘ ِ‬
‫ﻲ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﺘﺴﻬﻡ ﻓﻴـﻪ ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌ ِﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺎﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ـﻴﻘﻰ ﻭﺍﻟﻐِﻨـ‬
‫ـﺎﻉ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻭﺴـ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻹﻴﻘـ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ ﺃﺩﺒﻴﺔ ﻴﻭﺠـﺩ ﻓﻴﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻨﻅﹸﻭﻡ ﻭﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻨﺜﹸﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺴﺠ‪‬ﻭﻉ ﺠ‪‬ﻨﺒ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺠﻨﺏ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺭ‪‬ﺍﻗﹶـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻠﻘﺎﺌﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻏﹶﻠﺒ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﺭﻑ‪ ،‬ﻭﻭﺠـﻭﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻅﺎﻫﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻀﺎﻤﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺠﺎﻨـﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻭﻨﺔ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻁـﻭﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻬـل‬
‫ﺒ ‪‬ﻤ َﺅﱢﻟﻑِ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺹ ﻓﻲ ﻤﻌﻅﻡ ﺍﻷﺤﻴﺎﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﺴﺘﺘﺒﻊ ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ ﺒﺎﻷﺩﺏ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻲ‬
‫ﻲ ِﻟ ﹸﻜلﱢ ﺃُﻤـﺔ‬
‫ﺢ ﺍﻟﺘﱡﺭﺍﺙ ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼﺤِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺃﺸﻜﺎل ﺃﺨـﺭﻯ ﺘﺴـﺘﻘل‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﱠﻅﻡ ﺃﻭ ﺒﺎﻟﻨﱠﺜﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻌِﺒﺭﺓ ﺒﺠﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺤﻜﹾﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻌﺒﻴﺭ ﻭﺘﻤﻴﻴﺯ ﺍﻟﻭﻅﻴﻔﺔ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺃﻭﺒﺘﻴﻤﻭﺱ ﻤﺎﻜﺴﻴﻤﻭﺱ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺒﺎﺴـﻡ‬
‫ﺒﺎﺨﺘﻼﻑ ﺍﻟﻤـﺩﺍﺭﺱ ﺍﻟﻔﹸﻭﻟﻜﻠﹸﻭ ِﺭﻴ‪‬ـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻭﻅﻴﻔﺔ ﺃﺼﺒﺤﺕ ﻫﻲ ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺱ ﻓﻲ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫‪‬ﺒﻌ‪‬ل ﻓﻲ ﺠﺒل ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺯﻭﺠﺘﻪ‬
‫ﺍﺨﺘﻠﻑ ﻤﺩﻟﻭل ﻫـﺫﺍ ﺍﻻﺼـﻁﻼﺡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ــﺭ‪‬ﻭﺽ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴــﺩﻱ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤــﺎ ﺃﻥ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺃﺭﺽ ﹶﻜ ﹾﻨﻌ‪‬ﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﺒـﺩﻩ‬
‫ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ ﻤﺤﺩﻭﺩﺓ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺎﺭِﻴﺦ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻘﺩ‬
‫ﺸﻌﺭ ﻭﺇﻟﻰ ﻨﺜﺭ ﻓﻨﻲ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺴـﺎﺱ‬
‫ﺹ ﺒﺄﻨﻪ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘﻤِﻲ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺠﻨﺱ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﹶﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﻨﻭﻉ ﺃﻭ ﺸﻜل ﻤ‪‬ﻌﻴ‪‬ﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﺨﺘﻠﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﺩﺍﺭﺱ ﺍﻟﻔﻭﻟﻜﻠﻭﺭﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﻅﺭ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻁﻴﺭ؛ ﻓﺒﻌﻀﻬﺎ‬
‫‪٣٩‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﻨﻅﺭ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺴِـﻴﺎﻗِﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻘﺼﺼـﻲ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﻨﺸﺄﻭﻫﺎ ﹶﺘﻘِﻠﻴﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﻟﻺﻟﻴﺎﺫﺓ ﻭﺍﻷﻭﺩﻴﺴﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﺸ ﹸﺘﻬِﺭ ﻓﻲ ﻋﺎﻟﹶﻤﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺜﻴل‬
‫ﻭﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﻫﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻴـﺫﻫﺏ‬
‫ﻭﻋ ‪‬ﺒﺭ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﺒﻬـﺎ ﻋـﻥ ﺸﺨﺼـﻴﺎﺘﻬﻡ‬
‫ل‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﻅﱢـ ِ‬
‫ﺨﻴ‪‬ﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺒ‪‬ﺎﺸِﺭ ﻜﹷ * ﹶ‬
‫ـﻰ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ـﺎﺀ ﺇﻟـ‬
‫ـﺽ ﻤــﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻠﹶﻤـ‬
‫ﺒﻌـ‬
‫ﻥ ﻟﻪ ﻤﻨﻬﺠﻪ ﻭﻤﺠﺎﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﹶﻓ ‪‬‬
‫ﺢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺘﺴﻤﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬
‫ﻁِﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺭﺩﺓ؛ ﻓﻘﺩ ﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﻼﺤِﻡ ﺍﻷﺩﺒﻴـﺔ‪ ،‬ﻜﺘﻠـﻙ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭ* ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﻜﻭﺯ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻤﺼـــﻁﻠﺤﺎﺘﻪ ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ـــﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺢ ﻓﺭﺠﻴـل ﻭﺩﺍﻨﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﺃﺒﺩﻋﺘﻬﺎ ﻗﺭﺍﺌ ِ‬
‫ﺱ‬
‫ـﺎ ٍ‬
‫ـﻰ ﺃﺴـ‬
‫ـﻌ ‪‬ﺭ ﻋﻠـ‬
‫ﺸـ‬
‫ـﻤﻭﺍ ﺍﻟ ﱢ‬
‫ﺴـ‬
‫ﻴﻘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻤﻠﺘــﻭﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻘــﺩ ﻋــﺭﻑ ﺍﻷﺩﺏ‬
‫ﻀﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺫﻫﺒﻭﺍ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ﻜﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﻋﺭ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﺤﻤـﺔ ﺍﻟﺸـﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﻲ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻱ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺙ ﺍﻟﺸﱢﻌﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﱡﺭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺘﺴﺘﻭﻋﺏ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻨﻅﹸﻭ ‪‬ﻡ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻨﺜﹸﻭﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬
‫ﺽ ﺇﻨﻤﺎ ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻘﺼِﻴﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺠﺯ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻘﺭِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺨﻠﹸﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺠﺎل ﺍﻷﺩﺏ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻌﺒﻲ‪،‬‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺩ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻥ ُﺃﺩ‪‬ﺒـﺎﺀ ﺃﻭ ﺸﹸـﻌ‪‬ﺭﺍﺀ ﺒﺄﻋﻴـﺎﻨﻬﻡ‬
‫ﺸ ـ ِﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨﹶ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ـﺎ ِ‬
‫ـﻭﺭﺓ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺘﱢﻤﺜـ‬
‫ﺼـ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻲ‪.‬‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﺘﻔﻘﺩ ﻜﻴﺎﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﻷﻭل‬
‫ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻋﻘﻴﺩﺓ ﺃﻭ ﺭﻤﺯ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﻔﺴ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﻅﻭﺍﻫِﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﹶﻭﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ ﻭﺃﻭﻟﻴﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻨﻐﻤﺎﺕ ﺁﻟـﺔ ﻤﻭﺴـﻴﻘﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺘﹸ ﹾﻨ ﹶ‬
‫ﻓﺤﺴﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻡ ﻴﻤـﻨﻌﻬﻡ ﺫﻟـﻙ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫‪‬ﻭ ﹶﺘ ِﺭﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻫﻲ ‪‬ﺭﺒ‪‬ﺎﺒ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺎﻋِﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ ﺒﺎﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻭ‪‬ﺍل ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺯﺠ‪‬ـل ﻭﻤـﺎ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﻡ ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ؛ ﻓﺈﻨﻬـﺎ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻨﻔﹶـﺭِﻁ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ ﺍﻋﺘﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻠﹶﻤـﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻗـﺩﻴﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺤﻭ‪‬ل ﺇﻟﻰ ﺸـﻌﺎ ِﺌ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻋﻘﺎ ِﺌ ‪‬ﺩ ﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ ﻭﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺸـﻌﺒﻴﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﻼﺤﻡ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻤﺎ‪ .‬ﺒﻴﺩ ﺃﻥ ﺘﺼـﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺘـﺭﺍﺙ‬
‫ﺤﻭ‪‬ل ﻓﻲ ﻤﺠﺎل‬
‫ﻭﺘﺩﺨل ﺒﻌﺩ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ ﹶﺘﺨﹾـﺭ‪‬ﺝ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﻤ‪‬ـﻭﺫﹶﺝ‬
‫ﺠﻌل ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺭﺓ ﻻ ﺘﺴﺘﻘﻴﻡ ﻤﻊ ﻁﺒﻴﻌﺘﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﻭﻟﻜﻠﻭﺭ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﻓـﻲ ﻤﺠـﺎل ﺍﻷﺩﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺎﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﻘـﺩﻴﻡ؛ ﻓـﺈﻥ ﺫﻟـﻙ ﻻ‬
‫ﻱ ﻋﺭﻑ‬
‫ﺼﺭِﻩ؛ ﻓﺎﻟﺸﱢﻌﺭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺩ ِﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻋﻨﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻫﻡ ﻨﻭﻉ ﻤـﻥ ﺃﻨـﻭﺍﻉ ﺍﻷﺩﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﺤﻤﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﻌﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻔﻀل ﺇﻟﻰ ﻫـﺫﻩ‬
‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻷﻏﺭﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺍﺴـﺘﻁﺎﻋﺕ‬
‫ﺤﻘﱢـﻕ‬
‫ﺤﻤ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﹸﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻲ؛ ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﻅﻬ‪‬ﻭﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻼﺤﻡ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺭ‪‬ﺍﺠِﻴ ‪‬ﺯ ﺃﻥ ﺘﺴﺘﻭﻋﺒﻬﺎ ﻟﻤﺭﻭﻨﺘﻬﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﻨ ‪‬ﺯﻋ‪ ‬ﹶﺔ ﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻭﺤِﻴﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹸﺘﻌ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﺤﻤِﻲ ﺃﻭﺭﻭﺒﻲ ﻴﺸـﺘﺭﻙ‬
‫ﻗﺼﺹ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﻫﻡ ﻤﻥ ﻫﺫﺍ ﻜﻠﻪ ﺃﻥ ﹶﻨ ﹾﻨﻅﹸـ ‪‬ﺭ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﺸﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻷﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ‪ .‬ﻓﺈﺫﺍ‬
‫ﹶﺘﻁﹶﻭﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤﺒﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻓﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺸﱢﻌﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﱠﺜﺭ؛ ﻤﺜل ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻠﺤ‪‬ﻤـﺔ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻪ ﺃﻭ ﺸﺒﻪ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺘﻔﺴـﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻟﻅـﻭﺍﻫﺭ‬
‫ﺃﻱ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺴﻡ ﻭﻨﻴﻜﻭﻟﻴﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﻋﻥ ﺍﻷﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎﺓ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻴﻌﻴـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻜـﻭﻥ؛ ﻓـﺈﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ ﺘﺘﺸـﻌﺏ ﺃﻨـﻭﺍﻉ ﺃﺨـﺭﻯ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻠﺤ‪‬ﻤﺔ ﺘﺘﺭﻜﱠﺯ ﺤﻭل ﺒﻁل ﺇﻨﺴﺎﻨﻲ‪،‬‬
‫ﺃﺼﻐﺭ ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺨﺘﻠﻑ ﻭﻅﺎﺌﻔﻬـﺎ؛‬
‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺭﻓﻴﻬﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﺤﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻤﻬﻤﺎ ﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻨﹾﺘﺴ‪‬ﺎﺒ‪‬ﻪ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺍﻵﻟﻬـﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺤﻜﹶﺎﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﻨﻘﺴـﻡ‬
‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻷﻏﹾﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﺘﹸﺴـﺎﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﺩﻭﺭ ﹶﺓ‬
‫ﻭﺍ ُ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ـﺭ‬
‫ـﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻌﺒﻴـ‬
‫ـﻥ ﺇﻁـ‬
‫ـﺎ ﻤـ‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﺨﺭِﺠﻬـ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺍﻷﺨﻴﺭﺓ ﻤﺤﺎﻜﺎﺓ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺃﻭ ﺍﺒـﻥ‬
‫ل ﺍﺴـﺘﻭﻋﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺼﻴﺩ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻭ‪‬ﺍ َ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻬﻭﺭﺓ ﺃﻭ ﻜﺎﺴﺎﻥ ﻭﻨﻴﻜﻭﻟﻴـﺕ؛‬
‫ﻋﻠﹶﺔ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻔﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺹ ﻓﻲ ﺼ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺘ ِﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺘ ﹶﺫﻭ‪‬ﻗﻴﻥ؛ ﻭﻫﻨﺎ ﺘﺒﺭﺯ ﺃﻫﻤﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻏﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﻓـﻲ ‪‬ﻤﻀ‪‬ـﺎﻤِﻴﻨﻬﺎ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﻭﻗﻭﺍﻟﺒﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺴﻴﻘﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﻭﻅﺎﺌﻔﻬﺎ‬
‫ﻤﻠﺤﻤﺘﺎ "ﻫﻭﻤﻴﺭﻭﺱ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻬﻭﺭﺘﺎﻥ *‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻤﺜﻴل ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺒ‪‬ﺎﺸِﺭ ﻭﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﺸﺭ‪...‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﹸﺼﻭ‪ ‬ﺭ ﻓﺭﺤ ﹶﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﻴـﺎﺓ ﺒﺎﺴـﺘﻘﺒﺎل‬
‫"ﺍﻹﻟﻴﺎﺫﺓ" ﻭ*" ﺍﻷﻭﺩﻴﺴﺎ" ﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﺩﺏ‬
‫ﺠﻤ‪‬ﺎﻫِﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﺸﺭ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ‪‬ﻴﻭ‪‬ﺍﺠِﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﺘﺭﻴﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻟﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻤ‪ ‬ﹶﺜ َ‬
‫ﺠﺩ‪‬ﺍﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒﻲ؛ ﻷﻨﻬﻤﺎ ﺘﹸﻌﺒ‪‬ﺭﺍﻥ ﻋﻥ ِﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻭ‪‬ﺍﺴِﻡ ﻭﺍﻷﺴﻭﺍﻕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺒ‪‬ﺎﺸِﺭ‬
‫ﺏ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ ﺍﻷﻓـﺭﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫـﻲ‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻼﺤِﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺼﺩﺭﺕ‬
‫ﺠﻤﺎﻋﺔ‪ .‬ﺃﻤﺎ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶ‬
‫ل‬
‫ل ﺒﺎﻟﺼ‪‬ـﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺓ ﺃﻭ ﻅِـ ﱢ‬
‫ﺴُ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴ‪ ‬ﹶﺘﻭ‪ ‬‬
‫ﺘﺼﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺡ ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺤﺎﻓﻅـﺔ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ ﺒـﻪ‪ .‬ﻭ ﹸﺘﻌ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﺒﺩﻭﺭﻫﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ ﻭﺃﺸﻜﺎل‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﺜل‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎﺓ ﻤﻥ ﻤ‪‬ﻭﻟِﺩ ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪‬ﻭﻓﹶﺎ ِﺘﻪِ‪،‬‬
‫‪٤٠‬‬
‫ﻟﻠﺤ‪‬ــﺯﻥ ﻋﻠــﻰ ﺍ ﹾﻓ ِﺘﻘﹶــﺎﺩ ﺍﻷﻫــل‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﻭﻟﻜﻠﻭﺭﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺨﺼـﺎﺌﺹ‪ .‬ﻭﺇﺫﺍ‬
‫ﻻ ﻤﻨـﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺒـﺩ ﹰ‬
‫ﺃﺤﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﻴﻘﺒل ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴﻤ‪‬ﻭ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻷﺼﺩﻗﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﻌﻴﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬـﺔ‬
‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﻗﺩ ﺒﺩﺃﺕ ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺼﻭﺹ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺒﺜﹰﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻴﺠﺩ ﻫﺫﺍ‬
‫ﻭﺤﺎﻭل ﺃﺩﻤﻴﺘﻭﺱ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻐﹶـﺭ‪‬ﺱ ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺼـﺎﺩ‬
‫ـﺙ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ـﻡ ﺘﻠﺒـ‬
‫ـﺎ ﻟـ‬
‫ـﺔ؛ ﻓﺈﻨﻬـ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﻭﻨﹶـ‬
‫ﺨﺩ‪‬ﻤﻪ ﻭﺭﻓﹶﺎﻗﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻗﺎﺭﺒﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺩﻴل ﺒﻴﻥ ﹶ‬
‫ـﺩ‪،‬‬
‫ـﺞ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﻟـ‬
‫ـﻲ ﺍﻟﺤـ‬
‫ـﺔ ﻓـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩﻴﻨﻴـ‬
‫ﻻ ﻭﻗﺒل ﹸﻜلﱢ ﺸـﻲﺀ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ ﺃﻭ ﹰ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺭﻀ‪‬ـﺕ ﺃﻥ ﹸﺘﻀ‪‬ـﺤ‪‬ﻲ‬
‫ﺯﻭﺠﺘﻪ ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﻔﱠﺎﻅِﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤ ِﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻭﺹ ﺍﻷﺩﺒﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺒﺤﻴﺎﺘﻬﺎ ﻓِﺩﺍ ‪‬ﺀ ﻟـﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﺎﻋﺔ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺫ ‪‬ﻭﻗِﻴﻬﺎ ﻓـﻲ ﺒﻴﺌـﺎﺘﻬﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺤﺩ‪‬ﺩﺓ ﻤﺎﺘﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﺃﺜﻨﺎﺀ ﺘﺸـﻴﻴﻊ‬
‫ﺤﻘﱠﻕ ﺒﻬﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻡ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺎ ِﺌ ِﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻭ‪‬ﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺠﻨﺎﺯﺘﻬﺎ ﺤﻀﺭ* ِﻫ ‪‬ﺭﻗﹾل‪ ،‬ﻭﺼـﺎﺭﻉ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱠﻭﻉ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﻋـﺭﺍﺱ ﺘﺼـﻭﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬
‫ﻲ ﺒﻤﺎ ﹶﺘ ﱠﺘﺴِﻡ ﺒﻪ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ـﺎﺩﺓ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌ ِﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﺤﻴﺎﺓ ﺃﻁﻭل‪ ،‬ﺇﺫﺍ ﺍﺴﺘﻁﺎﻉ ﺃﻥ ﻴﺠـﺩ‬
‫ـﻑ‬
‫ـﺎﺤﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﻭﺍﻁـ‬
‫ـﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺼـ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻨـ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﺴــﺘﻌﻴﻥ ﺒــﺎﻵﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺴــﻴﻘﻴﺔ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ـﺎﺭﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜـ‬
‫ـﺘﻌﺎﻨﺘﻬﺎ ﺒﺎﻹﺸـ‬
‫ﺍﺴـ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻹﻴﻘﺎﻉ ﻓﻲ ﻜﺜﻴﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﺤﻴﺎﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ـﻰ‬
‫ـﺎﺌِﺭﺓ ﻋﻠـ‬
‫ﺴـ‬
‫ـﺎل ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺎ ﺍﻷﻤﺜـ‬
‫ﺃﻤـ‬
‫ﺍﺼﻁﻨﻌﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻬﺞ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺩﺍﻨﻲ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﱠﺎﻋﻨﻴﻥ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﺴـﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﻘـﺩ‪‬ﻤﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻟﺴﻨﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﻌﺩ ﺤﺼﻴﻠﺔ ﻜﺎﻤﻠـﺔ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﺤﺼــﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﻬــﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺩﺍﻨﻴــﺔ‬
‫ﺴ ـ ﹾﻔﻠِﻲ‪،‬‬
‫ـﺎﻟﻡ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ـﻲ ﺍﻟﻌـ‬
‫ـﺎﺩﻴﺱ( ﻓـ‬
‫ﻫـ‬
‫ﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻌ‪‬ﺎﺭِﻑ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺏ ﻭﺨﺒﺭﺍﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﺴﺘﺅﺩﻱ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ ﻤﻔﺎﻫﻴﻡ ﻜﺜﻴﺭﺓ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻋﺎﺩ‪‬ﻫﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺯ‪‬ﻭﺠﻬـﺎ ﺃﺩﻤﻴﺘـﻭﺱ‪.‬‬
‫ﻁ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺜﹸـل؛‬
‫ﺝ ﻭﺍﻷﻨﻤﺎ ﹶ‬
‫ﺴﺠ‪‬ل ﺍﻟﻨﱠﻤﺎ ِﺫ ‪‬‬
‫ﹸﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻏﻠﺒﺕ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻤﻔﻬـﻭﻡ ﺍﻷﺩﺏ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻭﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻘﺼﺔ ﻨﻤـﻭﺫﺝ ﻜﻼﺴـﻴﻜﻲ‬
‫ﻓﻠﻬﺎ ﻤﻜﺎﻨﻬـﺎ ﻤـﻥ ﺃﻨـﻭﺍﻉ ﺍﻷﺩﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﺸـﻜﺎل ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺩﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻠﻘﺼﺹ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻤﺠ‪‬ﺩ ﻭﻓﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﺍﻟﺯ‪‬ﻭﺠﺔ؛‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺩﺏ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻴﺱ ﻤﻥ ﺸﻙ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺜﺎﻨﺎﺘﻭﺱ ﻋﻨﺩ ﻤﻘﺒـﺭﺓ ﺃﻟﺴـﺘﺱ )ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﻭﺇﻥ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺩﺩ‪‬ﻫﺎ ﺍﻷﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬
‫ﻟﺘﺒﺭﻴﺭ ﻤﻭﻗﻑ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻠﱡﺹ ﻤﻨﻪ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻬﻭﻴﻥ ﻤﻥ ﻓﺸل؛ ﻓﺈﻨﻬﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺃﻫـﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻋﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻌﻭﺏ ﺇﺫﺍ ﹶﺘﻤ‪‬ﺎﺜﹶﻠـﺕِ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﻤﺭﺍﺤل ﺍﻟﺘﻁﻭﺭ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺤﻀﺎﺭﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﻕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤ‪ ‬ﹶﺜلِ ﻴﻨﻁﺒـﻕ‬
‫ﻁﺒِ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﻤﺎ ﻴ‪ ‬ﹾﻨ ﹶ‬
‫ﻤﺠﺭﺩ ﺭﻴﺎﻀﺔ ﻋﻘﻠﻴﺔ ﻜﻤـﺎ ﻴﺒـﺩﻭ‬
‫ﻟﻠﻨﱠﻅﺭﺓ ﺍﻷﻭﻟـﻰ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻬـﺎ ﺍﻤﺘـﺩﺍﺩ‬
‫ﺤﻴ‪‬ﺎ ِﺓ ﻭﺘﺴﺎﺅﻟﻪ؛‬
‫ﺍﻹﺴﻜﻨﺩﺭ ﺃﻤﺎﻡ ﹸﻟ ﹾﻐ ِﺯ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻫﻭ ﺒﻌﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﺤﻔﺯ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻅﻬـﻭﺭ‬
‫ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﻭﻉ ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻡ ﻤﻥ ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ ﺍﻷﺩﺏ‬
‫ﻲ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﱠﺘﺴِـ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒِﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻴﻌ ‪‬‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﺃﹶﺩ‪‬ﻣِﻴﺘ‪‬ﻮﺱ‬
‫‪ADMETUS‬‬
‫ﻤﺎ ﻓﻌﻠﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﺯ‪‬ﻭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻭﻓﻴـﺔ‪ ،‬ﻋﻨـﺩﻤﺎ‬
‫ﻤﻠﻙ ﻓِﻴـﺭﺍﻱ ‪ Pherae‬ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ـﺘﺱ‬
‫ـﺎﻟﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻭﺝ ﺃﻟﺴـــ‬
‫ﺘﻴﺴـــ‬
‫ل *َﺃﺒ‪‬ﻭﻟﱡـﻭ‬
‫ﻋﻤِـ َ‬
‫‪ .Alcestis‬ﻭﻗﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﻴﻭﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻟﺩﻯ ﺃﺩﻤﻴﺘﻭﺱ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻴﻌﻠﹶﻡ‬
‫ﺤﺘﱠـﻰ‬
‫ﺃﻏﺭﻗﺕ ﻨﻔﺴﻬﺎ ﻟِ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻬﺩِ َﺌﺔِ ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺯﻭﺠﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻻ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻘﻠِﺏ ﻗﺎ ِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﹶﺩ‪‬ﻫ‪‬ﻢ ﺍﻟﺸ‪‬ﺮﻗﹶﺎﻭِﻱ‬
‫‪ADHAM AL-SHARKAWI‬‬
‫ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻙ ﺒﺸﺨﺼﻴﺘﻪ؛ ﻭﺫﻟﻙ ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻡ ﺒﺎﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾﻜﻔِﻴ ِﺭ ﻋﻥ ﺇﺭﺍﻗـﺔ ﺍﻟـﺩ‪‬ﻤﺎﺀ؛‬
‫ﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﻕ ﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ ﻓـﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻓﺎﺸﺘﻐل ﹶﻜﻌ‪ ‬ﺒﺩٍ ‪‬ﺭﻗِﻴ ٍ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻹﻟﻪ ﺒـﺄﺩﻤﻴﺘﻭﺱ ﻟﺭﻗﱠﺘـﻪ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋِ‬
‫ﻭُﺃ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻭﺴ‪‬ﺎﻤ‪‬ﺘﻪ؛ ﻓﺒﺫل ﺠﻬﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﻜﺒﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺴﻴ‪‬ﺩﻩ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻜﺘﺸـﻑ ﺃﺒﻭﻟـﻭ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺜﺭﻭﺓ ‪‬‬
‫ﺵ ﻁﹶﻭﻴﻼﹰ؛ ﻓﻭﻋﺩﻩ‬
‫ﺃﺩﻤﻴﺘﻭﺱ ﻟﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﻌﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ـﻪ ‪‬ﻤ ـﻭ‪‬ﺍل‬
‫ـﺯ ﺤﻭﹶﻟـ‬
‫ل ﻴﺘﺭ ﱠﻜـ‬
‫ﺒﻁ ـ ٌ‬
‫ﻗﺼﺼﻲ ﻤﺸـﻬﻭﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺒـﺩﻭ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻲ ﻟﻠﻤ ‪‬ﻭﺍل ﺃﻨﻪ ُﺃﻟﱢـﻑ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺍﺨﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺤﻠﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺼﺭ ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺙ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤـﺎ ﺘﹶـﺩ‪‬ل‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻟﺘﺴﺎﺅل ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻡ‪ ...‬ﺇﻥ ﺤ‪ ‬ﻴﺭ‪ ‬ﹶﺓ‬
‫ﻭﺜﻤﺔ ﺤﻜﺎﻴﺔ ﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﻴﺎﺒﺎﻨﻴﺔ ﺘﹶـ ‪‬ﺭﻭِﻱ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﺤﺎﺠِﻲ ﻭﺍﻷ ﹾﻟﻐﹶﺎﺯ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻟﻴﺴﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﺤﺩﻫﺎ‪.‬‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻭﺜــﺎﺌﻕ ﺍﻟﺘــﻲ ﹸﺘ َﺅﻜﱢــﺩ ﹶﺘﻘﹶــﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻀﺤ‪‬ﻲ ﺒﻨﻔﺴﻬﺎ ﻓﺩﺍﺀ ﻟﺯﻭﺠﻬـﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺇﺫ ﹸﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱢﺴﺒﺔ )ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻗﺎﻭﻱ(‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻨﻪ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺼل ﻤﻥ ﺇﻗﻠﻴﻡ "ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺭﻗﻴﺔ" ﺒﺎﻟﺩ‪‬ﻴﺎﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﺸﻴﺭ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻘﺩ‪‬ﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻤـﻭ‪‬ﺍل‬
‫‪٤١‬‬
‫ﺃﺠﻴﺏ ﻨﺎﺱ ﻟﻤﻌﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﻼﻡ ﻴﺘﻠﻭﻩ‪...‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴﺭ ﺘﻠﹾﻤﻴﺫﹰﺍ ﻴﻁﻠﺏ ﺍﻟ ِﻌ ﹾﻠﻡ‪ ،‬ﻋﻨـﺩﻤﺎ‬
‫ﻴﻐﺩ‪‬ﻴﻙ‪ ...‬ﻭﺇﻥ ﻜﻨﺕ ﻋﺭﻴﺎﻥ ﻻﺠﻴﺏ‬
‫ﺸﺒﻪ ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻴﺩ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺤﻔﻅ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ ﻭﺘﻠﻭﻩ"‪.‬‬
‫ل ﻋﻤـﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﺠﺎﺀﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺒﺄ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺌﻭﻡ ﺒ ﹶﻘﺘﹾـ ِ‬
‫ﻟﻙ ﺤﺭﻴﺭ ﺴ‪‬ﻨﺩ‪‬ﺴﻲ ﻭﺍﻜﺴِﻴﻙ‪ ...‬ﻗﻌﺩ‬
‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻏﻡ ﻤـﻥ ﺘـﺩﻭﻴﻥ ﻫـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﻋﺸﹶﺭﺓ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﺇﺫ ﺫﺍﻙ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺜﱠﺎ ِﻤﻨﹶﺔ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﻌﺎﻩ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺼﺒﺢ ﻟﻠﻀﻬﺭ ﻁﻕ ﻤﻨـﻪ‬
‫ﺨﺼ‪‬ﺎﺌِﺹ ﺍﻟﺸﻔﺎﻫﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻐﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻀﻰ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻴـﺔ ﻴﺴـﺄل ﻋـﻥ‬
‫ﺒﺈﺩﻴﻪ"‪.‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻨﻪ ﻗﺩ ﺘﻜﺎﻤل ﺒﺎﻟﺘﺩﻭﻴﻥ‪" :‬ﻤﻨﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺒﺄﺴﺭﻫﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﻜﻐﻴﺭﻩ ﻤـﻥ ﺃﺒﻨـﺎﺀ‬
‫ﻜﻨﺕ ﺠﻌـﺎﻥ ﺃﻫـﻡ ﹶﻟﺤ‪‬ـﻡ ﻜﺘـﺎﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍل؛ ﻓﺈﻨﻪ ﻴ‪‬ﺤ ﹶﺘﻔِﻅ ﺒﻜﺜﻴـﺭ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺘﺠﻌﻠﻪ ﻴ‪‬ﺴﻤﻊ ﺃﻜﺜـﺭ ﻤﻤـﺎ ﻴ‪‬ﻘـﺭﺃ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﺤﻔﻅﹸﻪ ﻤﻌﻅ ‪‬ﻡ ﺃﻫل ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻴـﻑ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺘﻐﻨﻭﻥ ﺒﻪ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ‬
‫ﻤﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻤﺎ ﻜﻔﻬﺵ ﻤﻭﺘﻪ ﻗﺎﻡ ﻓﺴ‪‬ـﺨﻪ‬
‫ﻋﻤﺭﻩ؛ ﻓﺼﻤ‪‬ﻡ ﺃﻥ ﻴﺄﺨـﺫ ﺒﺎﻟﺜﱠـﺄﺭ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﺘِﺭﻩ ﻓﻲ ﻋﻤـﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺨـﺭﺝ ﻋـﻥ‬
‫ﻀ ‪‬ﻊ ﺃﺩﻫﻡ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﺭﻗﺎﻭﻱ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺤﻀ‪‬ـﺭِﻱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﻤﻠﻜﺘـﻪ‬
‫ﺃﺨﻼﻗﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼ ٍﺔ ﺒﻪ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺃﻥ ﺍ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻘﻡ‪ ‬ﻤﻥ‬
‫ِﺯ ﹾﻨﺯ‪‬ﺍﻨﹶﺔ ﺨﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ﹸﺓ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﺩ‪‬ﺍﻭ‪‬ﺓ؛ ﻓﻤﺎ ﻜﺎﺩ ﻴﺼل ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻏﹶﺭﻴﻤﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﺩﺭﻙ ﺍﻟﻤﺼـﻴﺭ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬
‫ﻙ ﺒـﺎﺒﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺘِـل‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻴﺔ ﺤﺘﻰ ﹶﻓﺘﹶـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻴﻨﺘﻅﺭﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺴﺘﻁﺎﻉ ﺒ ﹸﻘ ‪‬ﻭﺘِﻪ ﻭﺭ‪‬ﺸﹶـﺎ ﹶﻗﺔِ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﺤ ‪‬ﺒﺒ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻴ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺩﺩ‪‬ﻭﻨﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺴـﺘﻤﻌﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺤﻜِـ ‪‬ﻡ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﻭﺒﺎﺜﻨﻴﻥ ﻤﻥ ِﺭﻓﹶﺎﻗِﻪ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﻤﻥ ﺴﺠﻨﻪ‪".‬ﺍﻟﻭﻟﺩ‬
‫ﺴﻤِﻪ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠ‪‬‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﻓــﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺴــﻡ ﻭﺍﻷﺴــﻭﺍﻕ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﺩﻫﻡ ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻗﺎﻭﻱ ﺒﺎﻹﻋﺩﺍﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜـﻥ‬
‫ﻼﻗﻪ‪...‬‬
‫ﻜﺎﻥ ﺭﻓﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻁ ﺴﺒﺤﺎﻥ ﺨ ﱠ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺌﻴﺴﻲ ﻟﻬﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻤـﻭﺍل‬
‫ﺤﻤ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﱠﺄﺭ ﻟﻡ ﺘﺒﻠﻎ ﻏﺎﻴﺘﹶﻬﺎ ﺒﻌـﺩ؛‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻨﺘﻨﻰ ﻭﺍﻨﻔﺭﺩ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﺯﻨﺯﺍﻨـﺔ ﻫـﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺼﺼﻲ ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺭﺍﻉ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺤ ﹾﻜ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻹﻋـﺩﺍﻡ‬
‫ﻑ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨ ﱢﻔ ﹶ‬
‫لﻭﹸ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﻤﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺨَ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﺘﺩ‪ ‬ﱠ‬
‫ﺭﻜﻨﻬﺎ‪ ...‬ﻭﻨﻁ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻥ ﺤﺘﻰ ﻟﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻵﺤـﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﻌـﺎﺩﻴﻭﻥ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍل‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﻻﺒﺩ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺘﻘِﻲ ﺒﻁ ُ‬
‫ﻭﻴﻨﻁﻠﻕ ﺃﺩﻫﻡ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ـﺤﺭﺍﺀ‪،‬‬
‫ﻅﻡ‪ ‬ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺘﱠﺒﻌـﺔ ﻻ‬
‫ﻴﺸﻌﺭﻭﻥ ﺒﺄﻥ ﺍﻟـ ﱡﻨ ﹶ‬
‫ﺒ ﹶﻐﺭِﻴﻤﻪ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻜـﺎﻥ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﺴـﺠﻥ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻡ ﺒﺎﻷﻋﺭﺍﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺘﻨﻜﱠﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺯﻱ‬
‫ﻭﻴ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺘ ِ‬
‫ل ﻜﻤﺎ ﻴﺘﺼﻭﺭﻭﻨﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺤﻘﱢﻕ ﺍﻟﻌﺩ َ‬
‫ﹸﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻴﻘﻀﻲ ﻫﻭ ﺍﻵﺨﺭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻘﹸﻭﺒـﺔ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﺤﻜﻤﺩﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺠﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻼﺡ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﺘﺤﻭ‪‬ل‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﻜﻡ ﺭﻫـﻥ ﺒﺄﺼـﺤﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺠـﺎﻩ‬
‫ﺤ ِﻜ ‪‬ﻡ ﺒﻬـﺎ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺨـﺫ ﺃﺩﻫـﻡ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ل ﺍﻹﻨﺴـﺎﻨﻲ‪،‬‬
‫ﺠﺴ‪ ‬ﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻁل ﺍﻟﻤ‪ ‬ﹶﺜ َ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ ﻜﺎﻨﻭﺍ ﻴﻤﺜﱢﻠﻭﻥ ﺒﻴﺌﺎﺕ ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔـﺔ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌ ِﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨﻴ‪‬ﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻜﻤﺎ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻴﻁﻤﺢ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻨﻭﺍﺯﻉ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘﻀ‪‬ﺎ ِﺭﺒ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﻐﻠﱠﺏ ﻋﻠـﻴﻬﻡ‬
‫ﻻ ﺒﺠﻤـﺎل‬
‫ﻭﻗﺘﺫﺍﻙ؛ ﻭﻫﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﱠﺘﺴِـ ‪‬ﻡ ﺃﻭ ﹰ‬
‫ﺠﻤﻴﻌ‪‬ﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﻴﺴﺄل ﹸﻜلﱠ ﻭﺍﺤ ٍﺩ ﻤﻨﻬﻡ‬
‫ﻜﻐﻴﺭﻫﻡ ﻴﻌﺭﻓـﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻷﺩﻫـﻡ ﻻ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻭﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﺜﺎﻨﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﺒﺄﻨﻪ ﻤـﻥ ﺃُﺴـﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺭ ِﻤﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﻠﺘﻘـﻲ ﺁﺨـﺭ‬
‫ﻋﻥ ﺒ‪‬ﹶﻠﺩِﻩِ ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼﺭ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺨﺭﺝ‬
‫ﻴﻜﺫﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺤﺎ ِ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺨﺫﹸﻩ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺸﺩﻴﻥ ﻤ‪‬ﻭﻀ‪‬ـﻭﻋ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ﱠﺘ ِ‬
‫ﺼ ٍﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺤﻠـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻭﻀﻌﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒﺨﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﺴﺠﻥ ﺴﺕ ﺴﻨﻭﺍﺕ‪.‬‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺜﱠﺭﺍﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ﺤﺎﺸﻪ"‪.‬‬
‫ل ِﺭﻓﹶﺎﻗﹶﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻥ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻗﺎﻭﻱ ‪‬ﻴﻨﹶﺎ ِﺯ ُ‬
‫ﺨ ِﺭ‬
‫ﺴﹾ‬
‫ﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺯﻋﻴﻡ ﻋﺼﺎﺒﺔ ‪‬ﻴﺘﹶﻔﻨﱠ ‪‬‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫ﺨﻔﹶﺎ ﹸ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ‪‬ﻤﻁﹶﺎ ِﺭﺩِﻴﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﺒﻠﻎ ﺒﻪ ﺍﻻﺴ ِﺘ ﹾ‬
‫ﺒﻬﻡ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺩﻋـﻭﺘﻬﻡ ﻓـﻲ ‪‬ﻤﻨﹾﺯﻟـﻪ‪.‬‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﺴﺘﺠﻴﺏ ﺭﺠﺎل ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻁﺔ؛ ﻷﻨﻬـﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨِﺼﺎل ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻻﺒﺩ ﻤﻨﻬﺎ ﻟﻔﺘﻰ ﻤﺜﺎﻟﻲ‬
‫ﻴﺎ ﻟﻠﱢﻲ ﻋﻠﻴﻙ ﺍﻟﻌِﻴﻥ ﺒﺘـﺩﻭ‪‬ﺭ‪ ...‬ﻴـﺎ‬
‫ﺠﻤ‪‬ﺎل‪ ،‬ﺘﻜﺸﻑ ﻋﻥ ﺒﻌﺽ‬
‫ﺒﺎﺭِﻋﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﻓﺘﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺭﻴﻑ‪ ،‬ﹸﻗ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﺭ ﻟﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺸِﺒﻪ ﻗﻨـﺩﻴل ﻓـﻲ ِﻭﺴ‪‬ـﻁ ﺍﻟﺒﻴـﺕ‬
‫ﻤﻔﺎ ِﺘﻨِﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺤﻤل ﺸﹶـ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌ ﹰﺔ ‪‬ﻤﻀِـﻴﺌﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻼ ﻤﺭﻫـﻭﺏ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻜﻠِﻤ‪‬ـﺔ ﻻ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺒﻁ ﹰ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻨﻭﺭ‪ ...‬ﺇﻥ ﻜﻨﺕ ﻋﻁﺸﺎﻥ ﹶﻟﺠِﻴﺏ‬
‫ﻭﻴﺴﺄل ﺭﺌﻴﺱ ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻁﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺓ ﻋـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺭﻗﻴﺔ ﻭﺤﺩﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺼـﺭ‬
‫ﻟﻙ ﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟـﺯ‪‬ﻻل ﻭﺃﺴـﻘِﻴﻙ‪ ...‬ﻭﺇﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺩﻫﻡ؛ ﻓﺘﺠﻴﺏ ﺒﻬﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺠﻤ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻊ ﻜﹸـ ﱠ‬
‫ﻏ ِﻨﻴ‪‬ـﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻗـﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﻜﺭﻴﻤﺔ ﹶ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭ ﺒﻐﺭﻴﻤﻪ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺸﻭﺩ‪ .‬ﻗﺎل‪" :‬ﺘﻌﺎ َ‬
‫ﻱ ﻓﺘـﺎﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺩﻫﻡ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻡ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻨ ﱢﻜﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻓﻲ ِﺯ ‪‬‬
‫‪٤٢‬‬
‫ﻟﻬﻡ ﺃﻨﺎ ﺍﻷﺩﻫﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺠﻴﺒـﻪ ﻤﻨـﻴﻥ‪...‬‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ـﻭﻥ ﻓـ‬
‫ﺨﺼ‪‬ﺼـ‬
‫ـﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ـﺘﻡ ﺒـ‬
‫ﺍﻫـ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﺃﺩﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﺴـﺎ ِﻤﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺒﻤﻌﻨـﻰ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻨﺎ ﺍﻷﺩﻫﻡ ﺴﻤﻌﺕ ﺇﻨﻪ ﻴﺠﻤﻊ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﻭﻟﻜﻠﻭﺭﻴـﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﻘـﻭل‬
‫ﻋﺒ‪‬ـﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﹸﺓ ﻫـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺴﻴ‪‬ﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﺍﻨﺘﻘﻠﺕ ِ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺠﺎل ﺃﻟﻔﻴﻥ"‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩﻜﺘﻭﺭ ﻋﺒﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﺯﻴﺯ ﺍﻷﻫﻭﺍﻨﻲ‪" :‬ﻟﻘﺩ‬
‫ﺱ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻟﻪ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻐﺭ‪‬ﺏ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﱠـﺎ ‪‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ل ﻋﻥ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺩﻕ‪" :‬ﻗﺎل‬
‫ﻁَ‬
‫ﺨﺭِﺝ ﺍﻟﺒ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﻻ ﹸﺘ ﹾ‬
‫ﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ ﻤﻌﺎﺼﺭﺓ ﺒﺎﻟـﺫﺍﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﻗـﺩ‬
‫ﻲ ﻤـﺄﺨﻭﺫ‬
‫ﻟﻘﺏ ﻟﻺﻟﻪ ﺘﻤﻭﺯ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺒﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﻟﻠﺒﻁل ﺍﻟﺸـﻌﺒﻲ؛ ﻓﻴﺠﻌـل ﺃﺩﻫـﻡ‬
‫ﻋ ِﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺭﻗﺎﻭﻱ( ﻴﺠﻤﻊ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﺠﺎ ‪‬‬
‫"ﺘﻤﻭﺯ" ﻋﺎﺸﻕ *ﻋﺸﺘﺭﻭﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺘـﻰ‬
‫ﺡ ﻭﺍﻟـﺫﱠﻜﺎ ‪‬ﺀ‬
‫ﺠﺴ‪‬ـ ِﺩ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ﹸﻗ ‪‬ﻭ ِﺓ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﻤِﻴل ﺃﺩﻭﻨﻴﺱ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ ﻋِﺸـﻘﹶﺘﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﺡ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻔﻜﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻫـ‬
‫ـل ﻭﺭ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺔ‪ ،‬ﺒـ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺭ‪‬ﻭﻨـ‬
‫ـﺎﺀ‬
‫ـﺎ ﺠـ‬
‫ـﺎ ﻟﻤـ‬
‫ـﺕ‪ ،‬ﻁﺒﻘﹰـ‬
‫*ﺃﻓﺭﻭﺩﻴـ‬
‫ﻭﺤ‪‬ﺴﻥ ﺍﻟﺤِﻴﻠﹶﺔ؛ ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﻗِﻴﺱ ﺒﺄﺒﻁـﺎل‬
‫ﺒﺎﻷﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺎﻨﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻗـﺩ ﹶﻟﻘِـﻲ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﺴ‪‬ﺎﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻭ‪‬ﺍل ﺍﻟﺼﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﺄﻟﻭﻓﺔ‬
‫‪‬ﻭﻓﱢﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻋﺭ ﺒﺄﻥ ﺠﻌﻠﹶﻪ )ﺃﻱ ﺃﺩﻫـﻡ‬
‫ﺃﺩﻭﻨﻴﺱ ﺍﺴﻡ ﻟﻺﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻜﺫﺍ ﺃﺼـﺒﺢ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻗﺎﻭﻱ ﺼﺎﺤﺏ ﺤِﻴﻠﹶـﺔ‪ ،‬ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﺠﺎﻨﺏ ﹸﻗ ‪‬ﻭﺘِـ ِﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﻤﻀ‪‬ـﺎﺀ ﻋﺯﻴﻤﺘـﻪ‬
‫ﻭﺠﻤﺎل ﺼ‪‬ﻭﺭﺘﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺜﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻴﺼ‪‬ﻭﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻴ‪‬ﻭﻨﺎﻥ ﻜﺎﻥ ﺃﻗﺭﺏ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺘﻴﺯﻴﻪ ﻤﻨـﻪ‬
‫ﺨ ﹾﻨﺯِﻴـ ٍﺭ ﺒ‪‬ـﺭ‪‬ﻱ؛‬
‫ﻤﺼﺭﻋﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻴﺩ ِ‬
‫ﻱ‬
‫ﻱ ﺤﻜﻤﺩﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺨﺭﻯ ﻓﻲ ِﺯ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ِﺯ ‪‬‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ * ِﻫ ‪‬ﺭﻗﹾل؛ ﻓـﺎﻷﻭل ﻓﻴـﻪ ﻤـﻊ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻭ ﻴﻤﺎﺭﺱ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺩ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺠِﺒـﺎل؛‬
‫ﻱ ﺨﻭﺍﺠـﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻓﺘﺎﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﺜﺎِﻟﺜﹶـﺔ ﻓـﻲ ِﺯ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺠﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺭﺍﻤﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﺒﻭﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬
‫ﻕ‬
‫ﻓﻨﺒﺘﺕ ﻤﻥ ‪‬ﺩ ِﻤ ِﻪ ﺍﻟﻤﺴـﻔﻭﺡ ﺸﹶـﻘﹶﺎ ِﺌ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻜﺫﺍ‪.‬‬
‫ﺝ‬
‫ـﺯ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ـﻭ‪ ‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﻤِـ‬
‫ـﺩ ‪‬ﻴﺼ‪‬ـ‬
‫ـﺎ ﺃﻋﺘﻘـ‬
‫ﻓﻴﻤـ‬
‫ﺤ ِﺯﻨﹶــﺕ ﺃﻓﺭﻭﺩﻴــﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱡﻌﻤ‪‬ــﺎﹶﻥ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ِﻤﺼﺭﻱ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﻌﺸﻕ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻘﹸـ ‪‬ﻭ ِﺓ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺼﺭﻋﻪ ﺤﺯﻨﹰﺎ ﺸـﺩﻴﺩ‪‬ﺍ؛ ﻓﻘـﺭ‪‬ﺭﺕ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ل ﺃﺩﻫﻡ ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻗﺎﻭﻱ ﻤﺘﻨﻜﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤﺭ ﹰﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭ‪‬ﺍ ُ‬
‫ﻭﻴﻘﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﻁل ﻓﻲ ﺤﺒﺎﺌِل ﺼـﺩﻴﻕ‬
‫ﺨﺎﺌِﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﺸـﺘﺭﺍﻩ ﺃﻋـﺩﺍﺅﻩ ﺒﺎﻟﻤ‪‬ـﺎل‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﺤﺱ ﺃﺩﻫﻡ ﺒ ‪‬ﺩ ﹸﻨﻭ‪ ‬ﺴﺎﻋﺘﻪ ﺇﺤﺴﺎﺴ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫ﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺃﺭﺒﻊ‬
‫ﻕ ﺍﻟﺨﺎ ِﺌ ‪‬‬
‫ﻏﺎ ِﻤﻀ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴ‪‬ﻁِﻠ ﹸ‬
‫ﻱﻻ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻊ ﺫﻟﻙ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺃﺩﻫﻡ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﺭﻗﺎﻭ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺘﺨﹶــﺎﺫﹶل‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻘــﺩ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻋﻅــﺔ‬
‫ﺨﹶﻠﺼ‪‬ﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻑ؛ ﻓﻴﻘـﻭل‪:‬‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺘﺄﻤﻨﺵ ﻟﺼﺎﺤﺏ ﺩﻨﻴﺎ ﻏـﺭﻭﺭﺓ‪...‬‬
‫ـﺏ‬
‫ـﺎﺤﺏ ﺇﻻ ﻴﺠﻴـ‬
‫ـﻴﺵ ﻭﻻ ﺼـ‬
‫ﻤﻔـ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌ ِﻨﻴ‪‬ﻴﻥ ﺒﺎﻷﺩﺏ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻲ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻤﻭ‪‬ﺍل ﺃﺩﻫﻡ ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻗﺎﻭﻱ ﻤﻥ ﺘـﺄﻟﻴﻑ‬
‫ﺃﺩﻴﺏ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌﻴ‪‬ﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻴﺴﺕ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻗﺭﻴﻨـﺔ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻊ َﺃﺩ‪‬ﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻹﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺎ ِﻤﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻭ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻲ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ ﻻ ﻴﺠـﻭﺯ‬
‫ﺨ ِﻔ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﺴﻡ ﺍﻹﻟﻪ ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﱡﻨﻁﹾﻕ ﺒﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﻫﻨﺎ ﺍﺴﺘﺒﺩل ﺒﻪ ﺍﺴﻡ‬
‫َﺃﺩ‪‬ﻭﻨﹶﺎﻱ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻻﺴﻡ ﺃﺩﻭﻥ ﻻ ﻴﺯﺍل‬
‫ﺸﺎﺌِﻊ ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﻤﺎل ﻓﻲ ﻋﻬﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺒـﺩ‬
‫ـﻲ ِﺒﺩ‪‬ﺍﻴـ ِﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺼـ ِﺭ‬
‫ـﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﻓـ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺜﻴﻨـ‬
‫ل ﻫـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﻲ ﺃﺼﺒﺢ ﺍﺴـﺘﻌﻤﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺴ ِﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻬﻠﻴﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻻﺴﻡ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻘﺼ‪‬ﻭﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺒﺩ‪ ،‬ﺃﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻷﺨـﺭﻯ ﻓﻘـﺩ ﻜـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻷﻤ‪‬ﺎ ِﻜ ِ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍ َ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻜﻬ‪ ‬ﹶﻨ ﹸﺔ ﻤﻀﻁﺭﻴﻥ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻤﺎل ﺍﺴﻡ‬
‫"ﺃﺩﻭﻨﺎﻱ"‪.‬‬
‫ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﺭﺠ‪‬ﺢ ﻨِﺴﺒ ﹶﺔ ﻫـﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻤـﻭﺍل ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺃﹶﺩ‪‬ﻭﻧِﻴﺲ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ؛ ﻓﻴﻘﻀـﻴﻬﺎ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻌـﺎﹶﻟﻡِ‬
‫ﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺼﺔ ﻭﻓﺎﺓ ﻫـﺫﺍ ﺍﻹﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻔِﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻌ ِﺜ ِﻪ ﺘﺭﻤﺯ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺫﺒﻭل ﺍﻟﻨﺒﺎﺕ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻓﺼل ﺍﻟﺨﺭﻴﻑ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫـﺎﺭﻩ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻓﺼل ﺍﻟﺭﺒﻴﻊ؛ ﻭﻫﻲ ﻋﻘﻴﺩﺓ ﹶﺘﺘﹶـ ‪‬ﺭﺩ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﻜل ﻤﻜﺎﻥ ﻤﻥ ﻏﺭﺏ ﺁﺴﻴﺎ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ـﻡ‬
‫ـﻁ‪ ،‬ﺜـ‬
‫ـﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﺴـ‬
‫ـﺎﻁﻕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤـ‬
‫ﻤﻨـ‬
‫ﺍﻨﺘﺸﺭﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺒﻼﺩ ﺃﻭﺭﺒﺎ ﺤﺘﻰ ﺒﻠﻐﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺭ ﺍﻟﺒﺭﻴﻁﺎﻨﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺫﻯ ﺒﺈﺩﻴﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﺫﻫـﺏ ﺒﻌـﺽ‬
‫‪ADONAI‬‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫"ﺃﻤﺎﻨﺔ ﻴﺎ ﻤﻥ ﻋﺸـﺕ ﺒﻌـﺩﻱ ﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﻜل ﻋﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﺃﻤﺎ ﺍﻷﺸـﻬﺭ ﺍﻟﺴـﺘﺔ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫‪‬ﺭﺼ‪‬ﺎﺼ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﻭﻫﻭ ﻴﻘﺩ‪‬ﻡ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺸﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ﻑ"‪.‬‬
‫ﻁ ﹶ‬
‫ل ﻭﺍﻟﱡﻠ ﹾ‬
‫ﺠﻤ‪‬ﺎ َ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﺩ‪‬ﻭﻧ‪‬ﺎﻱ‬
‫ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ ﺃﻥ ﻴﻤﻀﻲ ﻤﻌﻬﺎ ﺴﺘﺔ ﺃﺸﻬﺭ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻥ ﺃﻗﺩﻡ ﻤﺎ ﻴ‪‬ﺭﻭ‪‬ﻯ ﻋﻥ ﺃﺩﻭﻨﻴﺱ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﻤِﻴﺭﺍ ﺃﻭ ﺴﻤﻴﺭﻨﺎ ﺍﺒﻨﺔ ﺜﻴﺎﺱ ﻤﻠﻙ‬
‫ﺃﺸﻭﺭ ﺭﺍﻭﺩﺘﻬﺎ ﺭ‪‬ﻏﺒ ﹲﺔ ﻋﺎ ِﺭﻤ‪‬ﺔ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫‪ADONIS‬‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻊ ﺃﺒﺎﻫـﺎ ﺒﺘـﺄﺜﻴﺭ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﹸﺘﻀ‪‬ﺎ ِ‬
‫‪٤٣‬‬
‫ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻤﺠِﻴﺩِﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺤﺘﺎﻟﺕ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺇﻁﻔـﺎﺀ‬
‫ل ﺃﺩﻭﻨﻴﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺼـﺩﺭ‬
‫ﺨ ﹾﻨﺯِﻴﺭ ﻟِﻴ‪ ‬ﹾﻘ ﹸﺘ َ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﺒﺤـﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﻬ‪‬ﺔ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﻤﺭﺍﺀ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﱠﺘ ِ‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﻬﻭ‪‬ﺘﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺤﺭ‪‬ﻤـﺔ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻅﱠـﻼﻡ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺢ ﻷَﺩﻭﻨـﻴﺱ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺯﻴﻭﺱ ﺤ‪‬ﻜﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺒﺄﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺃﻥ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ﻤﺭﺓ ﻫﻲ‬
‫ﺴ ﹾﻜ ِﺭ ﺃﺒﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺠ‪‬ﻭﺯ‪.‬‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻨﺘﹶﻬﺯﺓﹰ ﻓﺭﺼﺔ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﻌﻭﺩﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﻟﻴﻤﻀﻲ ﻓﻴﻪ‬
‫ﺠﺴ‪‬ـﻡ ﻅﹸﻬـﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﺩِﻤﺎﺀ ﺃﺩﻭﻨﻴﺱ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﺴﺘﺸﺎﻁ ﻏﹶﻀﺒ‪‬ﺎ ﻭ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻡ ﺒﻘﺘﻠﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻬﺎ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ﺍﻨﺘﺸﺭﺕ ﻋِﺒﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﹸﺓ ﺃﺩﻭﻨﻴﺱ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺴﻭﺭﻴﺔ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺤﻠﻭل ﻋﻴـﺩ ﺍﻟ ِﻔﺼ‪‬ـﺢ‬
‫ﺒﺎﺒِل ﻭﺴﻭﺭﻴﺎ ﻋﻥ ﻁﺭﻴﻕ ﻓِﻴﻨﻴﻘﻴـﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﻋﻭﺩﺘﻪ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﺜﹶـ ‪‬ﻡ ﻴـﺘﻡ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻥ ﻗﺒﺭﺹ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺒـﻼﺩ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨـﺎﻥ؛‬
‫ﺴﺭِﻫﺎ ﻓـﻲ ﺤـﺩﻭﺩ‬
‫ﺘﻤﺜﻴل ﺍﻟ ِﻘﺼ‪‬ﺔ ﺒَﺄ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﻴﺙ ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺭ‪‬ﺕ ﻋِﺒﺎ ‪‬ﺩﺘﹸﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘـﺭﻥ‬
‫ﻋﺸﺭﺓ ﺃﻴﺎﻡ ﺘﻘﺭﻴ ‪‬ﺒﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺎ ِﺌ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﻏﺒ‪‬ـﺕ ﻋـﻥ‬
‫ﺃﻓﺭﻭﺩﻴﺕ‪ ،‬ﺒﻌﺩ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ﺴﺩ‪ ‬ﻓﻲ ﺼﻭﺭﺓ ﻫـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﻭﻴﻘﺎل ﺇﻨﻪ ﹶﺘﺠ‪ ‬‬
‫ﻴﺠﻌل ﻨﻬﺭ ﺒﻴﺒﻠﻭﺱ ﻴﺯﺨﺭ ِﺒ ِﻤﻴ‪‬ﺎﻫِـ ِﻪ‬
‫ﻭﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﺃﻓﺎﻕ ﺃﺒﻭﻫﺎ ﻤـﻥ ﺴ‪‬ـ ﹾﻜ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺘ ِﻪ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﻓﺭ‪‬ﺕ ﻤﻨـﻪ ﻭﺍﺤﺘﻤـﺕ ﺒﺎﻵﻟﻬـﺔ؛‬
‫ﻓﺄﺤﺎﻟﻭﻫــﺎ ﺇﻟــﻰ ﺸــﺠﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻤــﺭ‬
‫)ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺘﻴﻨﺞ( ﻭﻤﻥ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺠﺭﺓ ‪‬ﻭﻟِـ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﺃﺩﻭﻨﻴﺱ‪ .‬ﻭﻤﻌﻅﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﺼﺹ ﺘﹶـ ‪‬ﺭﻭِﻱ‬
‫ﺝ‬
‫ﺸﻘﺎﺌﻕ ﺍﻟﻨﻌﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﻤﺭﺍﺀ ﻓﻲ ‪‬ﻤﺭ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺠﺎ ِﻨﺒ‪‬ﺎ ﻤﻥ ﻜل ﻋﺎﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﻕ ﻟِﺤـﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻫـﺫﻩ‬
‫ﺸﱠ‬
‫ﺨ ﹾﻨﺯِﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﺒ‪‬ﺭﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﹶ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ِ‬
‫ﻴﻌﺒﺩﻭﻨﻪ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺩﻭﻨﻴﺱ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻠﻘﹶﻰ ﻤﺼﺭﻋﻪ‬
‫ﻨﻔﺴﻪ‪ ،‬ﺃﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺃَﺭﺠ‪‬ﻭﺱ؛ ﻓﻘﺩ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﺠﺭﺓ؛ ﻓﺒـﺭﺯ ﻤﻨﻬـﺎ ﺍﻟﻁﱢﻔـل‪،‬‬
‫ﻱ ﻓﻭﻕ‬
‫ل ﻋﺎﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻴﺩ ﺨِﻨﺯِﻴ ٍﺭ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻜﱠ‬
‫ﺨﻨﹶﺎﺯِﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﻗﹸﺭﺒﺎﻨﹰﺎ ﻷﻓﺭﻭﺩﻴـﺕ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﺘﹸ ﹾﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻋﺜﺭﺕ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺃﻓﺭﻭﺩﻴـﺕ ﻭ ﹸﻓ ِﺘﻨﹶـﺕ‬
‫ﻲ؛‬
‫ﺴﻔِﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﺒل‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺫﻫﺏ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﹶﻟﻡِ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺭ‪‬ﻤﺯ‪‬ﺍ ﻟﻌﻼﻗﺘﻬﺎ ﺒﺄﺩﻭﻨﻴﺱ‪.‬‬
‫ﺠﻤ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻪِ؛ ﻓﻭﻀـﻌﺘﻪ ﺩﺍﺨـل‬
‫ﺒﺴﺤﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﺘﻨﻁﹼﻠﻕ ﺤﺒﻴﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﻹﻟﻬﺔ ﺒﺎﺤِﺜ ﹰﺔ ﻋﻨـﻪ‪،‬‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﻤِﺱ ﻗﺒل ﺍﻟﻤﻴﻼﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻴ‪ ‬ﻌ ﹶﺘﻘِ ‪‬ﺩ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻹﺴﻜﻨﺩﺭﻴﺔ ﹸﺘﻘﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻡ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺤـﻭ‬
‫ﻱ ﻟﻪ ﺩﻻﻟﺔ ﺨﺎﺼ‪‬ﺔ‬
‫ﺨ ﹾﻨﺯِﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫*ﺒﺭﺴﻴﻔﻭﻨﻲ ﻟﺘﻌﻨﻰ ﺒﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓﻔﺘﻨﺕ ﺒـﻪ‬
‫ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻌﺭ‪‬ﺽ ﻫـﺫﻩ ﻷﺸـﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺸـﻤﺱ‬
‫ﻟِﺤﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺠﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺨـﺭﺝ ﻤﻨﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﻫﺫﻩ ﺒﺩﻭﺭﻫﺎ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﺒﻌـﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋ‪‬ـﺭِﺽ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺭِﻗﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﺘﻨﺸﺄ ﺃﻱ ﻋﺎﻁﻔﺔ ﺤﺏ‬
‫ﺃﺩﻭﻨﻴﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻗﺘل ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔﺘﹶﻰ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺯﻴﻭﺱ؛ ﻓـﺄﻤﺭ ﺒـﺄﻥ‬
‫ـﺭ‬
‫ـﻰ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﺘﹸﺯﻫـ‬
‫ـﺭ ﻭﺃﻨﺜـ‬
‫ـﻴﻥ ﺫﻜـ‬
‫ﺒـ‬
‫ﻁ‬
‫ﺨِﻠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺒﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﺎﺌﺩ ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻤﺔ ﹶﺘ ﹾ‬
‫ﻴﻘﻀﻲ ﺃﺩﻭﻨﻴﺱ ﺃﺭﺒﻌﺔ ﺃﺸﻬﺭ ﻜـل‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺒﺎﺘﺎﺕ ﻭﻻ ﻴ‪‬ﻭﻟﹶﺩ ﻤﺨﻠﹸﻭﻕ‪ .‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﻜل‬
‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ ﻤﻊ *ﺒﺭﺴﻴﻔﻭﻨﻲ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺎﺩﻴﺱ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺎﻥ ﺃﺩﻭﻨﻴﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴ‪‬ﻠﻘﻴﻥ ﺒﺘﻤﺜﺎل ﻟﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻔﻠﻲ‪ ،‬ﺃﻤﺎ ﺍﻷﺸﻬﺭ ﺍﻷﺭﺒﻌﺔ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺭ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻁـﻭل ﺤ‪‬ـﺩ‪‬ﺍﺌِﻕ‬
‫ﻁﻠﹶﻕ ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻴﺔ ﻓـﻲ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻗﻴﺔ؛ ﻓﻠﻪ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾ‬
‫ﻥ ﺃُﻏﻨﻴـﺔ ﻟﻁﻴﻔـﺔ‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﺩﻭﻨﻴﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻨ ِ‬
‫ل ﻋـﺎﻡ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻨﺤ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ‪ .‬ﻭﻓـﻲ ﻜـ ِ‬
‫ﻴﻤﻀﻴﻬﺎ ﻜﻤﺎ ﻴﺸﺎﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ل ﻓﻲ ﻋﻭﺩﺘـﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒﻌـﺩ‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬ﺭ ﺒﺎﻷﻤ ِ‬
‫ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺯ ﹶ‬
‫ﻕ ﺇ ‪‬ﺭﺒ‪‬ﺎ ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ْﺅ ﹶﻜلُ‬
‫ﻱ ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻤﺯ‪ ‬ﹸ‬
‫ﺨ ﹾﻨﺯِﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻋﺎﻡ ﻤﻊ ﺃﻓﺭﻭﺩﻴﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺭﺒﻌﺔ ﺃﺸـﻬﺭ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺼﻨﺩﻭﻕ ﺼﻐﻴﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻋﻁﺘـﻪ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﻭﺒﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻫﻲ ﻏﺎﺌﺒـﺔ ﻋـﻥ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‬
‫ﻕ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻘِﻴﺩ‪‬ﺓ‪ .‬ﻓﻬﻭ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ ﺸﹶـ ﱠ‬
‫ﻋﺎﻡ ﺘﻨﺩﺏ ﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﺁﺴﻴﺎ ﺍﻟﻐﺭﺒﻴﺔ ﻭﺒﻼﺩ‬
‫ﺒﻴﻥ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺨِﻨﺯِﻴ ِﺭ ﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ـﺭﻱ ﻭﺒـﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺃﺩﻭﻨﻴﺱ ﻨﻔﺴﻪ؛ ﻓﻴﺒﺩﻭ ﻓﻲ ﺇﺤﺩﻯ ﻫﺫﻩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﺎﺌﺩ ﺃﺩﻭﻨﻴﺱ ﻓﻲ ﺼ‪‬ﻭﺭ ِﺓ ﺨِﻨﺯﻴ ٍﺭ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫‪‬ﺒﺭ‪‬ﻱ ﻤ‪‬ﻘﺩ‪‬ﺱ ﻴﻌﺒـﺩﻩ ﻓﺭﻴـﻕ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻭ ﹸﺓ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻕ ﺍﻟﻨﱢ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻐ ِﺭ ﹸ‬
‫ﻟﹶﺤﻤ‪‬ﻪ‪ ،‬ﺒﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻜﺎﻥ ﺃﺩﻭﻨﻴﺱ ﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﹰﺎ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﺼـﻴﺩ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻤ‪‬ﺠﺴ‪‬ﻤ ﹰﺔ ﻓـﻲ ﹶﺘﻔﹶـﺘﱡﺢ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱡﻭﺍﺡ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﻴﺤﺘﻔﻠﻥ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺃﻴـﺎﻡ‬
‫ﺨﻨﹾﺯﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﺒ‪‬ـﺭ‪‬ﻱ‪ .‬ﻭﺘـﺫﻫﺏ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﻪ ِ‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺸﻘﹶﺎﺌﻕ ﺍﻟﻨﱡﻌﻤﺎﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﺤﺩﺩ ﻤﻭﻋﺩ ﻫـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺴﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺠ‪‬‬
‫ﻗﻠﻴﻠﺔ ِﺒ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻌﺜِﻪ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎﺓ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻕ‬
‫ﺭﻭﺍﻴﺔ ﺃﺨـﺭﻯ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻋﺎﺸِـ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻔﺎل ﻓـﻲ ﺒﻴﺒﻠـﻭﺱ ﺒﻔﻴﻨﻴﻘﻴـﺎ؛‬
‫ﺨ ﹾﻨﺯِﻴ ٍﺭ ﻭ‪‬ﻟﻴ ٍﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﺫﻫﺏ ﺒﻌﺽ‬
‫ﺼﻭﺭﺓ ِ‬
‫ﺃﻓﺭﻭﺩﻴﺕ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺎﺒﻕ ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻗﺘﻠـﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﺒﺤﻴﺙ ﻴﺘﻔﻕ ﻤﻊ ﹶﻨﺴِﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﺠﺒل ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺸﺭ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺃﻥ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﺫﻫﺏ ﺍﻷﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻨﻪ ﺒﻴﻨﻤﺎ‬
‫ﻤﺭﻭﺭ ﺴﺒﻌﺔ ﺃﻴﺎﻡ ﻴﺒﺘﻬﺠﻥ ﺒﻌﻭﺩﺘـﻪ‬
‫‪٤٤‬‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﻤﺢ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﻔﻴﻨﻴﻘﻴﻴﻥ؛ ﻭﻤﻥ ﹶﺜ ‪‬ﻡ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﻘﺴ‪‬ﻤﻭﻥ‬
‫ﻜﺘﺎﺒﻪ "ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻥ" ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﻜل ﺸـﻲﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻨـﻪ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘﻭ‪‬ﻟﱠـﺩ ﻜﹸـل‬
‫ﻥ ﻋِﻅﺎﻤ‪‬ﻪ ﻭ ﹸﺘ ﹶﺫﺭ‪ ‬ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺤ‪‬‬
‫ﻁ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﻨﺯﻴﺭ ﻭﺘﹸ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺩﻭﻴﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ " ‪‬ﻤﻔﹾـ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺩ ٍﺓ" ﻭ" ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺭﻜﱠﺒـﺔ"‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎ ِﺌﻨﹶﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻭ ﻻ ‪‬ﻴﺭ‪‬ﻯ‪ .‬ﻭﻤﻊ ﺫﻟﻙ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻭل ﻹﺨﺼﺎﺒﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻁِﻠﻘﹸﻭﻥ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﻷﺨﻴـﺭﺓ ﺍﺴـﻡ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ﻓﺈﻨﻪ ﻨﹸﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ﺨﺎﻟِﺹ‪ .‬ﻭﺒ‪‬ﻭﺫﹶﺍ ﻓﻲ ﺤﺎﻟـﺔ‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻘﺴِ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻷﺩﻭﻴ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﱠﺒـﺔ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﻭﺇﻥ ﻜﺎﻨﻭﺍ ﻻ ﻴﺘﻀﺭ‪‬ﻋﻭﻥ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻭﻫﻡ‬
‫ﻁﺒ‪‬ﺔ ﻭﻴﺎ ِﺒﺴ‪‬ﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺤﺎﺭ‪‬ﺓ ﻭﺒﺎ ِﺭﺩ‪‬ﺓ ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ﹾ‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﺼﻠﱡﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻊ ﺫﻟﻙ ﻓـﺈﻥ ﺍﻟﻼﱠﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻘﺴﻴﻡ ﻴﻁﺎﺒِﻕ ﺃﻗﺴﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺍﺭﺓ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﻭﺫﻴﻴﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺕ ﻴﺴﺘﻐﻴﺜﻭﻥ ﺒـﻪ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻡ ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻨﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﻨﻘﺴﻡ ﺍﻷﺩﻭﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺠ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺒﺼﻔﺔ ﻤﻨﺘﻅﻤﺔ‪ .‬ﻭُﺃﻀِﻴﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻥ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺘﻤﻭﺯ ﺃﺩﻭﻨﻴﺱ ﻟﻪ ﻋﻼﻗـﺔ ﺒِـﺭ‪‬ﻭﺡ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻊ ‪‬ﺩﻭ‪‬ﺍﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻘﻭل ﺍﺒﻥ ﺴﻴﻨﺎ ﻓﻲ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻋﻠِـﻴﻡ‬
‫ﺼﻴِﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻴﺎﺒﺎﻥ؛ ﻭﻫﻭ ﻜﺎﺌﻥ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻏﻠﹶـﺔ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺎ ِﺌ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ِﻘﺩ‪‬ﻡ ﺘﹸﺠﺴ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻹﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﻭل ﺒﻀـﺤﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺒﺭﻴﺔ ﻴﻘﻁﻊ ﺠﺴﻤﻬﺎ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺃﺠـﺯﺍﺀ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﹸﺩﻓﹶﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﺘﺭﺍﺕ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﻘـل‪،‬‬
‫ﺼﻭ‪ ‬ﺭ ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﻌﻭﺩ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎﺓ ﻤﻊ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻔﺭ‪‬ﺩﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻭﻟـﻰ ﻭﺜﺎﻨﻴـﺔ ﺘﺒﻌ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ﺠﺩﻴﺩ ﻴﺘﻀـﻤ‪‬ﻥ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺸﺭ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻟﻤﺯﺍﺠﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻴﻌﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﺨﻠﹶﻕ ﺒﺨﻤﺴـﺔ ﺃﻋﻤـﺎل‬
‫ﺁﺩﻱ ﺒ‪‬ﻭﺫﺍ ﹶ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺼﻭل‪.‬‬
‫ﻷ ﹾﻗﺭ‪‬ﺒﺎﺫِﻴﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍَ‬
‫"ﻨﺭﻓﺎﻨﺎ"‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻌﺒﺩﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻬﻴ‪‬ﺎﻜِل‪،‬‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺩ‬
‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ ﻴﺭﻓﻊ ﺍﻷﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﻤﻥ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﹶﻭﻑ ﻤﻨﻪ‪ ،‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺭﻤ ٍﺯ ﻟﻠﺘﻀﺤﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺙ‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺩﻟﹶﺔ" ﺇﻥ ﻟﻜل ﻨﺒﺎﺕ ﻤﻥ ﺤﻴـ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺎ‬
‫ـﻭﺒﻬﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﺭﺍﺘﻨـ‬
‫ـﺎﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﺃﻜﺼـ‬
‫)ﻓﻴﺭﻭﺸـ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻹﻟﻪ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺠل ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻌﺜِـﻪ‬
‫ﻋ ِﺭﻓﹶـﺕ‬
‫ﻁﺒ‪‬ﻴﺔ؛ ﺴﻭﺍﺀ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅ ‪‬ﺭ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ِ‬
‫ﻼ ﺃﻭ ﻟـﻡ ﺘﹸﻌـﺭ‪‬ﻑ‪.‬‬
‫ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻘِﻴﻤﺔ ﻓِﻌ ﹰ‬
‫ﺴﺎﻤﺒﻬﺎﭭﺎ‪ ،‬ﺃﻤﻴﺘﺎﺒﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﺃﻤﻭﺠﻬﺎ ﺴﻴﺩﺫﺍ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﹰﺎ ﻓﺎﺠﺭﺍ ﺴﺎﺘﻔﺎ( ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ ﺨﻠﻘـﻭﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒِﻲ‬
‫ﻁ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺘ ِﻐﻠﹸﻭﻥ ﺒﺎﻟ ﱢ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺴﺘﻐ ﱠ‬
‫ﺨﻤﺴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﻭﺫﻴﺴـﺎﺘﻔﺎ ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻤ‪‬ـل‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﻜﺎﻥ ﺃﺩﻭﻨﻴﺱ ﻴﻌـﺩ ﺼِـ ﹾﻨﻭ‪‬ﺍ‬
‫ﺤﻠﹸـﻭﺍ‬
‫ﺒﻌﺽ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﺄﻭﺠﺩﻭﺍ ﺒﺩﻭﺭﻫﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﻭﺍﻟﻡ ﺍﻟﺨﻤﺴـﺔ‬
‫ﻟﺘﻤﻭﺯ؛ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺭﻜﻴﺯ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﺼﺭﻋﻪ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺃﻭﺼﺎﻓﹰﺎ ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺯﺠ‪‬ﻭﻫـﺎ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻜﻭ‪‬ﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻨﺴﻜﻥ ﻤﻨﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﻭﺒﻌﺜﻪ ﻴﻀﻊ ﺃﺴﻁﻭﺭﺘﻪ ﻤﻊ ﺃﺴﺎﻁﻴﺭ‬
‫ﺒﻜﺜﻴﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﺩﻋﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻗﻰ‪.‬‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎﺓ ﻟﻜﻲ ﻴﺭﻤﺯ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺃﻤـل‬
‫ﺒﺩﺍ ِﺌﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻤ‪‬ﺘﻌﺩ‪‬ﺩﺓ ﺘﺭﻤﺯ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺨﺼـﺏ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻤﺎﺀ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﺭﺒﻁ ﺒﻴﻥ ﻫـﺫﺍ ﺍﻹﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻴ‪‬ﻭﻨﹶﺎﻥ ﻭﺃﻭﺯﻴﺭﻴﺱ ﻤـﻥ ﻤﺼـﺭ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺩﻴﻭﻨﻴﺯﻭﺱ ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴﻘـﻲ ﻭﺒﺎﻟـﺩﻭ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻨﺠﻠﻴﺯﻱ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﹶﺩ‪‬ﻭِﻳﺔ‬
‫‪DRUGS‬‬
‫‪ADIBUDDHA‬‬
‫ﺒ‪‬ﻭﺫﹶﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﻅﻴﻡ ‪‬ﻤ َﺅﺴ‪‬ـﺱ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻴﺎﻨـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ﻭ ِﺫﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻫﺎﻴﺎﻨﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻬِﻨﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻨﺘﺸﺭﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘـﺭﻥ ﺍﻟﺜـﺎﻨﻲ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﻉ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻀ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸﻤﺎل ﺍﻟﻬﻨﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﺫﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ﻭ ِﺫﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺭﺒ‪‬ﻭ ِﺒﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻓـﻲ ﺃﻭﺍﺴِـﻁ‬
‫ﻭﺠﻨﻭﺏ ﺸﺭﻗﻲ ﺁﺴﻴﺎ ﺤﺘﻰ ﺴﻴﻼﻥ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻻ ﻴﺯﺍل ﺒﺎﻗﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺍﻟﻴـﻭﻡ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﺒﻭﺫﺍ ﻓﻲ "ﺍﻟﻔﺎﻤﺎﺴـﺎﻤﺠﻴﺘﻲ" ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﻤﺎﻨﺠﻭﺴﺭﻱ؛ ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻩ ﺘﺠﺴﻴﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻟﺘﻠﻙ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻴﻨﺸﺄ ﻤﻨﻬﺎ ﻜل ﺒـﻭﺫﺍ‪،‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺤﻤِـ ُ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻭ ﻴﺒﺩﻭ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﻴﻘﹸﻭﻨﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﻬ‪‬ل‪.‬‬
‫ﺴ‪‬ﻴﻔﹰﺎ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻘﻀِﻲ ﺒﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻵﺩِﻳﺘﺎﻭِﻳ‪‬ﻮﻥ ‪ADITYAS‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺍﻹﺴﻜﻨﺩﻨﺎﻓﻲ ﻭﺠﻭﻥ ﺒﺎﺭﻟﻲ ﻜـﻭﺭﻥ‬
‫ﺁﺩِﻱ ﺑ‪‬ﻮﺫﹶﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺍﺒﻊ‪ .‬ﻭﻴ‪‬ﻁﻠﹶـﻕ ﺍﺴـﻡ ﺁﺩﻱ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﻭﺒﻴﻥ ﺃﺴـﺎﻁﻴﺭ ﺒﺭﺴـﻴﻔﻭﻨﻲ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺍﻻﺴــﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﱠــﺭﻁﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻟﻠﺠ‪‬ــﻭﻉ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﻲ ﻓﻲ ﻜِﺘﺎﺒﻪ "ﻓﹶـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﻘﻭل ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻴﺭ‪‬ﻭ ِﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ـل ﺍﻟﺨﻤﺴـ‬
‫ـﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺄ ‪‬ﻤـ‬
‫ـﺔ؛ ﺁﻟﻬـ‬
‫ﺒﻭﺫﻴـ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺒﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺒﻌﺔ ﺍﻟـﺫﻴﻥ ﺃﻨﺠﺒـﺘﻬﻡ‬
‫ﺁﺩﻴﺘﻲ ﻜﻤﺎ ﺠﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻷُﺴـﻁﹸﻭﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﭭﻴﺩﻴﺔ )ﺇﻟﻰ ﺠﺎﻨـﺏ ﺍﺒـﻥ‬
‫‪٤٥‬‬
‫ﺜﺎﻤﻥ ﻫﻭ ﻤﺎﺭﺕ – ﺃﻨـﺩﺍ(‪ ،‬ﻭﻫـﻡ‬
‫ﻭﺨﺎِﻟﺩ‪‬ﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺤﻔﻅﻭﻥ ﻀﻭﺀ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ‬
‫ﺴﺨﱠﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‪،‬‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﺴﺭ‪‬ﺡ ﺃﺒﺩ‪‬ﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺁﻟﻬﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻤ‪‬ل‪ :‬ﻤﻴﺘـﺭﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺒﺩﻱ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒل ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻨﺫﹶﺭ ﻟﻺﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﻟﻔﺘﺭﺓ ﻤﺎ ﺃﻭ ﻟﻸﺒـﺩ‪.‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫)ﻀﻭﺀ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺭ(‪ ،‬ﻭﺒﻬﺎﺠـﺎ )ﺍﻟﺤـﻅ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻌﻴﺩ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺜﱠـﺭﺍﺀ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﺨﺎﺀ(‪،‬‬
‫ـﺩﻴﻕ‬
‫ـﻕ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺼـ‬
‫ـﺎﻥ )ﺍﻟﺭﻓﻴـ‬
‫ﻭﺃﺭﻴﻤـ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﻤﻴﻡ(‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻨﺴﺎ )ﺍﻟﻜﺭﻡ( ﻭﺩﺍﻜﺸـﺎ‬
‫)ﺍﻟﻤﻬﺎﺭﺓ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺤِـﺫﻕ(‪ ،‬ﻭﭭﺎﺭﻭﻨـﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺭﺒﻤــﺎ ﺴــﻭﺭﻴﺎ ﺃﻭ ﺴــﺎﭭﺘﺭﻱ‬
‫)ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺱ(‪ .‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﺍﻴـﺎﺕ‬
‫‪ADITI‬‬
‫ﺃﺸﻬﺏ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺜﻭﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﺃﺤﻤـﺭ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﻼﻨِﻬﺎﺌﻲ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻴﺎﻨـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﻀﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻏﹸﺭﺍﺒ‪‬ﺎ ﺃﺴﻭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺤﻤﺎﻤﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺴـﻤﻜﺔ‬
‫ﺠﺴِـﻴ ‪‬ﻡ ‪‬ﻤﺠ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻬِﻨﺩﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﹰﺎ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻻ ﺘﹸﺼﺎﺩ ﺒﺎﻟﻁﱠﺒﻊ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺫﻟـﻙ ﺃﺒـﺩ‪‬ﺍ‪.‬‬
‫ﺽ ﻟﻠﻔﻀــﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻔﺴــﻴﺢ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﺤــ ‪‬‬
‫ﻑ ﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ﻭ ِﺫﻴ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻐﻭﻟﻴﻭﻥ ﻫﺫﻩ‬
‫ﻭﻋ‪‬ﺭ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﻥ ﺃﺨـﺭﻯ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻼﻨﻬﺎﺌﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﺃﺤﻴـﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﻨ ﹶﺫﺭ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﺤﻴﻭﺍﻨﺎﺕ ﻵﻟﻬـﺘﻬﻡ‬
‫ﺘﹶﺠﺴِﻴﻡ ﺃﺴﻁﻭﺭﻱ ﻟﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﻷﻨﺜﻰ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻁِﻠﻘﹸﻭﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻵﺩِﻴﺦ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﻭﺫﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻡ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ﺨﻠﹾﻕ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹸﺘﻌ‪‬ﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺃﺴﻔﺎﺭ "ﺍﻟﭭﻴـﺩﺍ"‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺴﻡ ﺴﺘﺭﺘﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒﺄﻨﻬــﺎ ﺃﻡ ﺍﻟﻌــﺎﻟﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻡ ﺍﻵﻟﻬــﺔ‪،‬‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﻴﺤل ﺇﻨﺩﺭﺍ ﻤﺤـل ﺩﺍﻜﺸـﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺁﺩِﻳﺘِﻲ‬
‫ﺠﻭ‪‬ﺍﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﺃﻭ ﺜﹶـﻭﺭ‪‬ﺍ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ﻴﻜﻭﻥ ﺍﻵﺩﻴﺦ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻵﺨﺭ ‪‬ﻴﻀ‪‬ﺎﻑ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻗﺎﺌﻤـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻋﺎﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ ﺘﹶﺭﻓﹶـ ‪‬ﻊ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﻤﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﺁﺩِﻳﺮِﻱ‬
‫ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ‪ ،‬ﺴﺎﻓﺘﺭﻱ ﻭﺩﻫـﺎﺘﺭﻱ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻜﺒﻴﺭ ﻫﺅﻻﺀ ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ ﻫﻭ ﻓﺎﺭﻭﻨـﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﺤﺎﻜﻡ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻴل‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﻨﺼِـﻴﺭ ﺍﻷﺨـﻼﻕ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﻌﺭﻑ ﺒﺎﺴﻡ ﺁﺩﻴﺘﻴﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﺠﺎﺀ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹸﻜﺘﹸﺏ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺴﻜﺭﻴﺘﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺘـﺄﺨﱢﺭﺓ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺁﺩﻴﺘﻴﺎ ﺃﺤﺩ ﺍﻷﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﹸﻁﻠﹶﻕ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﻷﻥ ﻜل ﺍﺴﻡ ﻓﻲ ﻗﺎﺌﻤﺔ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻵﻟﻬـﺔ‬
‫ﻜﺎﻥ ﻴﺩل ﻋﻠﻰ ﺇﻟﻪ ﻟﻠﺸﱠﻤﺱ ﻓﻲ ﻭﻗﺕ‬
‫ﻤﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﺫﻫﺏ ﺃﺴﻔﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺒﺭﺍﻫﻤﺎﻨﺎ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﻴﻤﺜل ﻜل ﻤﻨﻬﺎ ﻭﺠﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻤـﻥ ﻭﺠـﻭﻩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺱ ﻓﻲ ﻜل ﺸﻬﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺸـﻬﻭﺭ‬
‫‪ ،Vishnu‬ﻭﺇﻥ ﻜﺎﻨـــــﺕ "*‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﻼﻨﻴﺯﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﺘﺨﺘﻠـﻑ ﺍﻟﺤﻴـﺎﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﺎﺒﻬﺎﺭﺍﺘﺎ" ﻭ"*ﺍﻟﺭﺍﻤﺎﻴﺎﻨﺎ" ﺘﺫﻫﺒﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﺃﻡ ﭭﺸﻨﻭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺸـﻴﺭ ﺇﻟﻴﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻥ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺃَﻴﺴ‪‬ﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬
‫"ﺍﻟﺒﻭﺭﺍﻨﺎ" ﺒﺄﻨﻬﺎ ﺃﻡ ﭭﺸﻨﻭ ‪Vishnu‬‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺩﺒ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻻ‬
‫ﺁﺩﻴﺭﻱ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺼل ﺃﺭﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ*ﺇﻨﺩﺭﺍ‪ .‬ﻭﻭﺭﺩ ﻓﻲ "ﺍﻟﺭﻴﺞ – ﭭﻴﺩﺍ"‬
‫ﻴﺴﻜﻨﻬﺎ ﺇﻻ ﺭﺠل "ﺁﺩﻴﺭﻱ"‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺒﻨﺘـﻪ‬
‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﺃﻨﺠﺒﺕ ﺜﻤﺎﻨﻴﺔ ﺃﺒﻨـﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﻗـﺩ‪‬ﻤﺕ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﻤﻨﻬﻡ ﺴﺒﻌﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻵﻟﻬـﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭﻤ‪‬ـ ِ‬
‫ـﺩﺍ‬
‫ـﺎﺭﺕ – ﺃﻨـ‬
‫ـﻭ ﻤـ‬
‫ـﺎﻤﻥ ﻭﻫـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺜﱠـ‬
‫)ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺱ(‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻭ ﺍﺒﻨﻬﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺱ‪.‬‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺭﻤ‪‬ــﺎﺘﹸﻬﻡ‬
‫ﻙ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﻘﺩ‪‬ﺴــﻭﻥ ﻻ ﹸﺘ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘﻬ‪‬ــ ‪‬‬
‫ﻲ ﻵﺩﻴـﺭﻱ‪،‬‬
‫ﻁﺭِﻴﻕ ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﺘﹸـ ‪‬ﻭ ﱢﻓ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﺘﺯﻭﺝ ﻤﻥ ﺩﻴﺭﻴﻔﻭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻥ ‪‬ﻤ ِﻨ ‪‬ﻴ ِﻪ‬
‫ﺃﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﺴﺒﻌﺔ ﺍﻵﺨﺭﻭﻥ؛ ﻓﻤﻨﻬﻡ ﺁﻟﻬـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻵﺩﻴﺘﻴﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻨﻤـﺕ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻌـﺎﻟﹶﻡ‬
‫‪ADYKH‬‬
‫ﻁﻬ‪‬ﺭ ﻫـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺫ ‪‬ﺭ ﻹﻟﻪ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻴﻭ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ ﺒﺩﺨﺎﻥ ﺸـﺠﺭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺭﻋ‪‬ـﺭ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺭﺵﱡ ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺒﻴﺫ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺯﻴ‪‬ﻥ ﺒﺸـﺭﺍﺌﻁ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﻠﻭ‪‬ﻨﺔ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﻴ‪‬ﻁﻠﹶﻕ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﻁﻴـﻊ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﺢ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﺴﻴﺩﻭ ﺍﻹﻨﺴـﺎﻥ ﺍﻷﻭل َﺃ ﹾﻓﺴ‪‬ـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻵﺨﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﹶـﺭ‪‬ﻭﻱ ﺍﻷﺴـﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﻨﱠـﺎ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﺁﺩﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﺴﺘﻁﹶﺎﻉ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴﺸﹾـﻌِ َ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺍﻵﺩﻴﺘﻴﺎ ﻫﻡ ﺃﺒﻨﺎﺀ *ﺁﺩﻴﺘﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻡ ﺁﻟﻬﺔ‬
‫"ﺩﻴﺭﻴﻔﻭ"‪ .‬ﻭﺘﺫﻫﺏ ﺍﻷﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺭﺯ‪‬ﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻭﺠ‪‬ﻭﺩ ﹸﻜلﱡ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﺎﺘـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﺍﻻ ﹾﺜﻨﹶﻲ ﻋ‪ ‬ﹶﺸﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﻜﺎﺩ ‪‬ﻋﹶﻠﻤ‪‬ـﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﺁﺩﻳﺦ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴ‪‬ﺎﻁِﻴﺭ ﻴ‪‬ﺠ ِﻤﻌ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺁﻟﻬـﺔ‬
‫ﻅﻬ‪‬ـ ِﺭ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﻴـﺎﺓ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﹶ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﺩ ﺁﻟﻬﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺱ ﺍﺜﻨﺎ ﻋﺸـﺭ‪،‬‬
‫ﺃﻥ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﺤﻤِل ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻭﺠـﺔ ﭭﺸـﻨﻭ‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻭﺘﹶﻰ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺴـﻁﻭﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺃﺭ ‪‬‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻤﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻭ ﺃﻤﺭ ﻻ ﻴﺜﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻫﺸﺔ؛‬
‫‪ADIRI‬‬
‫ﺨﺸﹶﺏ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﺒﻨﻰ ﺒﻴﺘﹰﺎ‬
‫ﻙ ﺃﺴﻨﺎﻨﻪ ﺒﺎﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﺤ‪‬‬
‫ِﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺡ‬
‫ﻁﻭﻟﻪ ﺒﻀﻌﺔ ﺃﻤﻴﺎل‪ ،‬ﺍﺘﺨﺫﺘﻪ ﺃﺭﻭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻭﺘﹶﻰ ﻤ‪‬ﻘﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻟﻬﺎ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺫﻟﻙ‪.‬‬
‫‪٤٦‬‬
‫ﺁﺫﹶﺭ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻮﻥ ‪CALENDULA‬‬
‫" ﺒﺎﻟﻔﺎﺭﺴﻴﺔ ﺁﺫﺭﻜـﻭﻥ = ﻟـﻭﻥ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎﺭ"‬
‫ﺍﺴﻡ ﻨﺒـﺎﺕ ﺃﻭﺭﺍﻗﹸـﻪ ﻤ‪‬ﺴـ ﹶﺘﻁِﻴﻠﹶﺔ‬
‫ﻁﻭﻟﹸﻬﺎ ﻨﺤـﻭ ِﺇﺼ‪‬ـﺒ‪‬ﻊ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺯﻫـﺎﺭ‪‬ﻩ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﻤﺭﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﻀ‪‬ﺎﺭِﺒﺔ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ـﻔﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺫﺍﺕ ﺭﺍﺌﺤﺔ ﻜﹶﺭﻴﻬ‪‬ﺔ ﻭ ‪‬ﺒﺫﹸﻭﺭ ﺴﻭﺩﺍﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺭﺒِـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻌﺩ‪ ‬ﺍﻵ ﹶﺫ ‪‬ﺭﻴ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ﱢ‬
‫ﺩﻭﺍ ‪‬ﺀ ﻤ‪‬ﻘ ‪‬ﻭﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﺃﻭ ِﺘ ‪‬ﺭﻴ‪‬ﺎﻗﹰﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﻌﺘﻘﺩ‬
‫ﺘﻁﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﺫﱡﺒﺎﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﺠِﺭﺫﹶﺍﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻀ‪‬ﺒﺎﺏ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻷُﺫﹸﻥ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺒﺩ‬
‫ﻭﻓﻲ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺩﺭ‪‬ﺍﺱ ﺘﹶﻌﻤِﺩ ﺭﺍﻗِﺼﺎ ﹸ‬
‫ﺴﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﺴـﺎﺩ ﺒـﻴﻥ‬
‫ﻭ ِﻤ ‪‬ﺩ ﹶﻓﺄَﺓ ﻨﹸﺤﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻥ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻨﺘﺯﺍﻉ‬
‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻴﺘﹶﻘ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﻋﺘﻘـﺎﺩ ﺒﺄﻨﻬـﺎ ﻫﻴﻜـل‬
‫ﺍﻷﻗﺭﺍﻁ ﻤﻥ ﺁﺫﺍ ِﻨﻬِﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺨﺭﺠﻥ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﺩﻴﻭﻨﻴﺯﻭﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤِﺩﻓﹶﺄﺓ ﻴ‪‬ﺤـﺭ‪‬ﻕ ﻓﻴﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺒﺩ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻴ‪ ‬ﹾﻠ ﹶﺘﻔِ ﹾﺘﻥ‪ ‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻭﺭ‪‬ﺍﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﺨﹸﻭﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﺫﺒ‪‬ﺢ ﺼـﻐﻴﺭ ﻴ‪‬ﺤـﺭ‪‬ﻕ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻷﻗﺭﺍﻁ ﺘﹸﻌﺎﺩ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻥ ﻓﻴﻤـﺎ ﺒﻌـﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﻓﻭﻗﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﺨﹸﻭﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺠـل ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ـﻭﺘﹶﻰ‪،‬‬
‫ﻁ ‪‬ﻊ‬
‫ﻭﻓﻲ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﺼﺹ ﺍﻟﻬﻨﺩﻱ ﺘﹸﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭ ِﻤﺩﻓﹶﺄﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﹰﺎ ﭭﺴﺘﺎ ﺇﻟﻬﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ـﻭﺹ ﻭﺁﺫﺍﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺯﻭﺠـ‬
‫ﺁﺫﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﱡﺼـ‬
‫ﻁِﻠﻕﹸ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻔﻠﻜﻴﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺏ ﺍﺴﻡ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎ ِﺌﻨﹶﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺭﻕ ﺍﻷﻭﺴﻁ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤﺭ‪‬ﺓ"؛ ﺃﻱ ﺍﻟ ِﻤ ‪‬ﺒﺨﹶﺭﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﻘـﻭل‬
‫"ﺍﻟ ِﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺭﺴﻴﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻠﻜﻴـﻴﻥ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺏ ﻫـﺅﻻﺀ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﱠﺭﻕ ﺍﻷﻗﺼﻰ ﻴ‪‬ﻌﺎ ﹶﻗ ‪‬‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺴﻬ‪‬ل ﺍﻟﻭﻻﺩﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻨﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﺭﺍﺌﺤﺘﻪ ﹸﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﺴ‪‬ﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ِﻌﻠﹶل ﻭﺍﻷﺭﻭﺍﺡ ﺍﻟﺸﱢﺭﻴﺭﺓ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺁﺨﺭﻭﻥ ﺒﺄﻨﻬﺎ ﻫﻴﻜـل ﻭ ِﻤ ‪‬ﺒﺨﹶـﺭ‪‬ﺓ‬
‫‪EAR‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻭ‪‬ﺴﻁﹶﻰ ﺇﻨﻬﺎ ﺃﺤﺩ ﻫﻴﺎﻜـل‬
‫ِﺒ ‪‬ﺒ ﹾﺘ ِﺭ ُﺃﻨﹸﻭﻓﻬﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﻤﻭﺴﻰ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﻜل ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﺒﻨﺎﻩ ﻨـﻭﺡ‬
‫ﺁﺭﺍ ﺃﻭ ﺇِﺭ ‪ARA OR ER‬‬
‫ﺒﻌﺩ ﺍﻟﻁﱡﻭﻓﹶﺎﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﻷﺫﹸﻥ ﺒــﺎﻟﻜﺜﻴﺭ ﻤــﻥ‬
‫ﻁﺍُ‬
‫ﺘﹶــﺭ ﹶﺘ ِﺒ ﹸ‬
‫ﺱ‬
‫ﺏ *ﺴــﻤﻴﺭﺍﻤﻴ ‪‬‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﺤ‪‬ﺒﻴــ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﺴ‪‬ـﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﻤـﺭﺀ‬
‫ﺃﻭﺭﺒﺎ ﻴﻘـﺎل ﺇﻥ ﺇ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﺸِـﻴﻘﹰﺎ‬
‫ﻴ‪ ‬ﹶﺘﺯ‪ ‬ﻭﺝ‪ ‬ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺘﺤﺘﻔﻅ ﺒﻪ ‪‬‬
‫ﻉ ﺍﻟﻨﺴ‪‬ﺎﺠﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﻟِﻴ ‪‬ﺩﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗـﺩ‬
‫َﺃ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻟﻬﺎ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻷﺴـﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻷﺭﻤﻴﻨﻴـﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘﺤﺩ‪‬ﺕ *ﺃﺜﻴﻨﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺘﺩﺨل ﻤﻌﻬﺎ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻭﺭﻓﺽ ﺁﺭﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭﹶﻟﻘِﻲ‪ ‬ﻤﺼﺭﻋﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫‪‬ﻤﺒ‪‬ﺎﺭ‪‬ﺍﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺴِﻴﺞ ﻜﻤﺎ ﺠـﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺎ ِﻤﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻋﺭﻀﺕ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ ﺃ ‪‬ﻥ ﺃﹶﺭﺍﺧ‪‬ﻨِﻲ ‪ARACHNE‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻘﺩ‪‬ﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌ ِﺒﻴ‪‬ﺔ؛ ﻓﻔـﻲ ﺸـﻤﺎ َ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺒﻁﻨِﻴﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺃﺫﻨﻪ ﺃﻭ ﺍﺨﺘﻼﺠﻬﺎ ﻓـﺄ ٌ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻬﻨﹸﻭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﻨﺴـﺎﺀﻫﻡ ﻴﻘﻠـﻥ ﺇﻥ‬
‫ﺍﺨﺘﻼﺝ ﺍﻷﺫﻥ ﺍﻟﻴ‪‬ﺴﺭ‪‬ﻯ ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬
‫ﻴﺩﻋﻭ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻔﺎﺅل‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻥ ﻴﻌﺘﻘﺩﻥ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺩﺍ ِ‬
‫ﻋﺭ‪‬ﻭﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﻤﻭﻀﻊ ﺁﺨﺭ ﻴﻌﺘﻘﺩ‬
‫ﺼﻘﹶﺔ ﺒﺎﻟﺭ‪‬ﺃﺱ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎﺱ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻵﺫﺍﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺘ ِ‬
‫ﺤﺭِﻴﺼ‪‬ـﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺘﺩل ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺼﺤﺎﺒﻬﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺒﻬﺎ ﺍﻵﺫﺍﻥ ﻗﺩ ﻻ‬
‫ﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﺯﻴ‪ ‬‬
‫ﺤِﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﺩ ﺒﻬﺎ ﻤﺠﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﺯ‪‬ﻴﻨﹶﺔ؛ ﻓﻜﺜﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤﺎ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﺴ‪‬ـ ِﻡ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻟﻭﻗﺎﻴﺔ ﹸﻓ ﹾﺘﺤ‪‬ﺎ ِ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﺒﻨﻔﺴــﻬﺎ ﻟﻤﺤﺎﺭﺒﺘــﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﺤﺎﻭﻟــﺕ‬
‫ﺤﻴ‪‬ــﺎﺓ‬
‫ﺴــﻤﻴﺭﺍﻤﻴﺱ ﺃﻥ ﹸﺘﻌِﻴــﺩ‪‬ﻩ ِﻟ ﹾﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﻔﺸِﻠﹶﺕ؛ ﻓﻤﺎ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻤﻨﻬﺎ ﺇﻻ ﺃﻥ ﹶﻟ ِﺒﺴ‪‬ﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺩ‪‬ﻱ ﻭﺤﺎﻜﹶـﺕ ﻓـﻲ ﻨﺴـﻴﺠﻬﺎ‬
‫ﻏﻀ‪‬ﺏ ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻗﺼﺹ ﻤﻥ َﺃﺜﹶﺎﺭﻭﺍ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﺁﺜﺭﺕ ﺃﺭﺍﺨﻨﻲ ﺃﻥ ﺘﺤﻭﻙ ﻗﺼﺼ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﻋﺸﱠـﺎﻗِﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻋﻤـﺕ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻱ ﺃﺤﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ِﺯ ‪‬‬
‫ﺘﺭﻭﻱ ﺍﻷﺨﻁـﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ ﺍﺭﺘﻜﺒﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ ﻗﺩ ﺃﻋـﺎﺩ‪‬ﺕ ﺁﺭﺍ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﻗﻴـﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ‪ .‬ﻭ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻤﻴ‪‬ﺯﺕ ﺃﺜﻴﻨﺎ ﻏﻴﻅﹰﺎ ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﻘﻭل ﺃﻓﻼﻁـﻭﻥ ﺇﻥ ﺁﺭﺍ‬
‫ـﻭﻕ‬
‫ـﻲ ﻴﻔـ‬
‫ـﻴﺞ ﺃﺭﺍﺨﻨـ‬
‫ﺭﺃﺕ ﺃﻥ ﻨﺴـ‬
‫ﺙ ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻭﺸـﻙ ﺃﻥ‬
‫‪‬ﺒﻌِ ﹶ‬
‫ﻨﺴﻴﺠﻬﺎ ﺠﻭﺩﺓ ﻭﺠﻤـﺎﻻﹰ؛ ﻓﻤﺯﻗﺘـﻪ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺭﻗﹶﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻀ ‪‬ﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟ ِﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ِﺇ ‪‬ﺭﺒ‪‬ﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﺤﺯﻨـﺕ ﺃﺭﺍﺨﻨـﻲ ﺤﺯﻨﹰـﺎ‬
‫ﺠﻤ‪‬ﻭﻋ ﹲﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱡﻨﺠ‪‬ﻭﻡ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫)‪ (٢‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨــﻭﺏ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺴ‪‬ــﺭ‪‬ﻫﺎ ﺒﻁﻠﻴﻤــﻭﺱ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺎل ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺩﺭﺠـﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﱡـﺢ‪،‬‬
‫ﻴﺩ ﹸﻗﻭ‪‬ﺍﺕ ﺍﻹﻟﻬﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘـﻲ ﻗﺎﺩﺘﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴﻘﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺒﻠﺕ ﺃﺜﻴﻨﺎ‬
‫ﻷ‪‬‬
‫ﺍُ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺠــﺎل ﺫﻭﻱ ﺍﻵﺫﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻁﻭﻴﻠــﺔ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺤﺴ‪‬ﻥ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﺴ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺩ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻘـﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﺒـﻴﻥ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺤﻭ‪‬ﻟﺘﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺸ ﹶﻨﻘﹶﺕ ﻨﻔﺴﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸﺩﻴﺩ‪‬ﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶ‬
‫ﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻜﺒ‪‬ﻭﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﺜﻴﻨﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪‬‬
‫‪٤٧‬‬
‫ﺁﺭﺍﻟﻮ‬
‫‪ARALU‬‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺤِﻠﺔ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻘﻔِـﺭﺓ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺭ ‪‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﻲ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﻬـﺒﻁ ﺇﻟﻴﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻔﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺭ‪‬ﻭﺡ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺕ ﻭﻻ ﺘﻌﻭﺩ ﺃﺒﺩ‪‬ﺍ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺠﺎﺀ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺒﻠﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺘﺫﻫﺏ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ‪‬ﻤﺤ‪‬ﺎﻁﹶـﺔ ﺒﺴـﺒﻌﺔ‬
‫ﻋﺩ‪‬ﺓ ﺃﺒﻭﺍﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺤﻜﻤﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺃﺴﻭﺍﺭ ﻟﻬﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻨﺭﺠﺎل ﻭﺃﻻﺘﻭ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﻋﺎﺸﹶﺕ ﻓﻴﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺭﻭﺍﺡ؛ ﻤﺜل "ﻁﻴﻭﺭ ﻟﻬﺎ ﺃﺠﻨﺤـﺔ"‬
‫ﺸـﻴ‪‬ﺎﻁِﻴﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ـﺭﻴﺭﺓ ﻭ ﹶ‬
‫ﺸـ‬
‫ـﺎ ﺃﺭﻭﺍﺡ ِ‬
‫ﺒﻬـ‬
‫ﺡ ﻤﺎ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻘﺘﹶﺎﺘﹸـ ‪‬ﻪ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻻ ﺘﺠﺩ ﺍﻷﺭﻭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴِﻭﻯ ﺍﻟﺘﱡﺭﺍﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﻁﱢﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﺇﺫﺍ ﻟﻡ ﻴ‪‬ﻘﺩ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﻟﻬﺎ ﺍﻷﺤﻴﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﺍﻟﻁﱠﻌﺎﻡ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﺭﺍﺏ؛ ﻓﺈﻥ‬
‫ﻟﻡ ﺘﺠﺩ ﻤﻨﻬﻤﺎ ﺸﻴﺌًﺎ؛ ﻓﺈﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﻬﻴﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﻭﺠﻬﻬﺎ ﺒﺤﺜﹰﺎ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﻼﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻁﻌﺎﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻠﻘﹶﻰ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﱡﻨﻔﹶﺎﻴ‪‬ﺎﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﺃﺭﺘﻴﻤﻴﺱ ﺍﺒﻨﺔ *"ﺯﻴـﻭﺱ" ﻭ*‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘﺤِ ‪‬ﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋﺎﺭِﻴﺔ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸﻘِﻴﻘﹶﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻭﺃﻡ‬
‫"ﺯﻴﻭﺱ" ﻭ* "ﻟﻴﺘﻭ"‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺘﱠﻔﻕ ﺃﻥ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﺭﻋ‪‬ﺕ "ﺃﻭﺭﻴـﻭﻥ"‬
‫ﻟﻺﻟﻪ "* ﺃﺒﻭﻟﻭ"‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻘﺩ ‪‬ﻭِﻟﺩ‪‬ﺕ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺨﻁﹶﺄﻫﺎ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻬ ٍﻡ ﻁﺎﺌِﺵ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﻨ ِﺩﻤ‪‬ﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﹶ‬
‫ﺒ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﺄَﺕ ﺇﻟﻴﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺠﺯﻴﺭﺓ ﺩﻴﻠﻭﺱ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﹶﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﺭﻓﻌﺘﻪ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﱡﺠـﻭﻡ ﻤـﻊ ﻜﻠﺒـﻪ‬
‫ﺃﻤﻬﺎ ﻓِﺭﺍﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤﻥ ِﻨ ﹾﻘﻤ‪‬ﺔ *"ﻫﻴﺭﺍ"‪.‬‬
‫"ﺴــﻴﺭﻴﻭﺱ" )ﻜﻠــﺏ ﺍﻟﺠﺒــﺎﺭ( ﻭ‬
‫ﺸﻘِﻴﻘﻬﺎ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺸﺘﺭﻜﺕ ﺃﺭﺘﻴﻤﻴﺱ ﻤﻊ ﹶ‬
‫"ﺒﻠﻴﺎﺩﺱ" * )ﺍﻟ ﱡﺜ ‪‬ﺭﻴ‪‬ﺎ( ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ ﻜـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺃﺒﻭﻟﻭ ﻓﻲ ﻜل ﻤ‪‬ﻐﺎ ‪‬ﻤﺭ‪‬ﺍﺘﻪ ﺘﻘﺭﻴﺒ‪‬ﺎ؛ ﻓﻘﺩ‬
‫ﻴﺤﺒﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘﹶﻐﻠﱠﺒــﺎ ﻤﻌ‪‬ــﺎ ﻋﻠــﻰ*"ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺘــﻭﻥ"‬
‫ﻲ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﻭﻴﺒﺩﻭ ﺃﺼﻠﹸﻬﺎ ﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﻠﻴﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ*"ﻓﻴﻨﻴــﻭﺱ" ﻭﺃﺴــﻬﻤﺕ ﻓــﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻜﹶﺎﻨﹶﺔ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ ﻭﻀـﻌﻬﺎ ﻓﻴﻬـﺎ *‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻅﱠﻼﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﺴﻁ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻐﺒ‪‬ﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺘﺤـﻴﻁ‬
‫ﻭﺘﺫﻫﺏ ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭ ﹸﺓ ﺍﻟﻴ‪‬ﻭﻨﺎﻨِﻴﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻜِﻼ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻪ ﻷﻨﻪ ﹶﺘﹶﻠﺼ‪‬ﺹ ﻋﻠﻴﻬـﺎ ﻭﻫـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ ‪‬ﺒ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ﹾﺫﺭ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﺀ ﻟﻠﻁﱠﺒﻴﻌﺔ ﻭﺍﻟ ﹶﻘﻤ‪‬ـﺭ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺜﹸﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺎ ﺍﻟﻴ‪‬ﻭﻨﺎ ِﻨﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺎﻨـﺕ‬
‫ﺼ ٍﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻐﺎﺒﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﺭ‪‬ﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒﺨﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺯﻴﻭﺱ‪.‬‬
‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ ﻗﹶﻭﺴِﻬﺎ ﻭﺃﻟﻬﺒﺘﻬﺎ ﺒﻪ ﻭﺃﺠﻠﺘﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﻋ ِﺭﻓﹶﺕ ﺃﺭﺘﻴﻤﻴﺱ ِﺒﺼ‪‬ـﺭ‪‬ﺍﻤ‪‬ﺘﻬﺎ؛‬
‫ﻭ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﻥ ﻤ‪‬ﻴﺩﺍﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺭﻜﹶﺔ ﺒﺎﻜِﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻓﻘﺩ َﺃ ﹾﻨ ‪‬ﺯﻟﹶﺕ ﺒﺠﻴﺵ ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴﻕ ‪‬ﻭﺒ‪‬ـﺎ ‪‬ﺀ‬
‫ﻁﻘﹸﻭﺱ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺘِﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﹸﻘـﺩ‪ ‬ﻡ‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻌﺩ‪‬ﺩ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﱠﺎﻋ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻭﻫﻭ ﻋﻠﻰ ُﺃ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﺒ ِﺔ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﻔﺭ‬
‫ـﻰ ﻟﻠ ﹶﻘـﻨﹾﺹ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻷﻭﻟـ‬
‫ـﺭﺍ ﹸ‬
‫ـﺎ ﺍﻟﺜﱠﻤـ‬
‫ﻟﻬـ‬
‫ﺤﺼ‪‬ﺎﺭ ﻁﺭﻭﺍﺩﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﺤﺎﻟﹶـﺕ ﺒـﻴﻥ‬
‫ِﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻴﺩ‪ ،‬ﺇﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻫﻴﺎﻜﻠﻬﺎ ﺃﻭ ﺘﹸﻌﻠﱠـﻕ‬
‫ﺴ ﹸﻔﻨِﻬﻡ ﻟﺘﻤﻨﻌﻬـﺎ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻴﺢ ﻭﺒﻴﻥ ‪‬‬
‫ﻕ‬
‫ﺒﺎﺴﻤِﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﺸـﺠﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﹸﺤـ ‪‬ﺭ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺒﺤﺎﺭ؛ ﻭﺫﻟﻙ ﻷﻥ ﺃﺠﺎﻤﻤﻨﻭﻥ ﹶﻗﺘﹶل‬
‫ﻼ ﻤ‪‬ﻘ ‪‬ﺩﺴ‪‬ﺎ ﻷﺭﺘﻴﻤﻴﺱ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻤﺎ ﻫ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﻭ‪‬ﻋ ﹰ‬
‫ﻲ ﺒﺎﺒﻨﺘـﻪ‬
‫ﺤ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﺠﺎﻤﻤﻨﻭﻥ ﺒـﺄﻥ ‪‬ﻴﻀ‪‬ـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻀ ِﺒﻬ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﻏ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺓ ﹶ‬
‫*ﺇﻓﻴﺠﻴﻨﻴﺎ ِﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻬﺩ‪‬ﺉ ﻤﻥ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺒ ﹸﺔ ﻗﹸﺭﺒﺎﻨﹰﺎ ﻟﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺩ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎﻋِﺯ‪.‬‬
‫ﻁﻘﹸﻭﺱ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ ﺍﻗﺘﺭﻨـﺕ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﺹ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻴﺎﺕ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺒﺄﺭﺘﻴﻤﻴﺱ ﺃﻥ ﺘﹶﺭ ﹸﻗ ‪‬‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺼل ﺇﻟﻬﺔ ﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ﺤ ‪‬ﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﻷﻨﻬﺎﺭ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺭ ﹾﺘﻬ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫ﻜﺎﻟﱢﻴﺴﺘﻭ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪‬ﺩﺏ‪‬؛ ﻷﻨﻬﺎ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﻘﺩ ﻨﺎﻅﹶﺭﺕ "ﻫﻴﺭﺍ" ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺍﻨﺘﺯﻋـﺕ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺃﹶﺭ‪‬ﺗﻴﻤﻴﺲ ‪ARTEMIS‬‬
‫ﺴﺨﹶﺕ *‬
‫ﺹ ﻤﻥ "ﻨﻴﻭﺒﻲ"‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ِﻘﺼ‪‬ﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻫﻭﻤﻴﺭﻭﺱ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘﺤ‪‬ﺎ ِﺭﺒ‪‬ﺔ؛‬
‫ـل ﺍﻟ ﹶﻐـﺯ‪‬ﺍل‬
‫ـﻴﺩ؛ ﻤﺜـ‬
‫ﺼـ‬
‫ـﻭﺍﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﻴـ‬
‫ﻁ ﹶﻔ ﹾﺘﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻹﻟﻬﺔ ﺃﺭﺘﻴﻤﻴﺱ ﻭﺍﻓ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺩ ﹾﺘﻬ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﺨ ﹶﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﹾ‬
‫ﺱ‬
‫ﻼﺒِـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﻤِﺴﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺸِﺭﺓ ﻓﻲ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶ‬
‫ﺒ ﹶﻐﺯ‪‬ﺍﻟﹶﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻨﺼﺒ‪‬ﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺓ ﻜﺎﻫﻨﺔ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺢ ﻷﻱ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺩﺒ‪‬ﺒ‪ ‬ﹶﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻻ ﻴ‪‬ﺴ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺯﺍﻫِﻴﺔ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻤﺜﱢﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﻁﻭ‪‬ﺭﺕ ﻤﻥ ﺭِﻋﺎﻴـﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﻴـﺎﺓ‬
‫ﺕ "ﺃﺭﺘﻭﺴﺎ" ﺇﻟﻰ ﹶﻨﺒ‪‬ﻊ ﻤﺎﺀ‬
‫ﺨ ﹾ‬
‫ﻭﻤ‪‬ﺴ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﺸﻌِﻴﺭ‪‬ﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻴ‪‬ﺭﺠ‪‬ﺢ ﺃﻨﻬـﺎ ﺍﻤﺘـﺩﺍﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺴﺨﹶﺕ‬
‫ِﻟ ﹸﺘﻨﹾﻘﺫﹶﻫﺎ ﻤﻥ "ﺍﻟﻔﻴﻭﺱ"‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻁﻘﹸﻭﺱ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼ‪‬ﺔ ﺒـﺎﻟﺘﱠﺤ ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻟﻠ ﱡ‬
‫* "ﺃﻜﺘﹶﺎﻴﻭﻥ" ﺇﻟﻰ ﻭﻋـل ﺍﻟﺘﻬﻤﺘـﻪ‬
‫ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﺨﺭﻯ ﻤـﻥ ﻤﺭﺍﺤِـل‬
‫ﺨ ﹾﻨﺯِﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﺒﺭﻱ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻭﻋ‪‬ل ﻭﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨِﺼﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﺯ‪‬ﻭﺍﺝ ﻭﺍﻟﻭِﻻﺩﺓ‪.‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻭﺤﺸـﺔ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺭﺒ‪‬ـﺔ‬
‫ﻤﻌﺒﺩﻫﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻓﺘﺎﺓ ﺃﻥ ﺘﺘﺯﻭ‪‬ﺝ ﻗﺒل ﺃﻥ ﺘﻘﻭﻡ ﺒﻬـﺫﻩ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻤ‪‬ﺭ‪.‬‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫‪٤٨‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁــﺔ ﺒﻌﺒــﺎﺩﺓ ﺃﺭﺘﻴﻤــﻴﺱ‬
‫ﺤﻴ‪‬ﻭﺍﻥِ‪،‬‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺎﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺼ‪‬ﻭﺭ ِﺓ ﺭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﻑ ﻋﻥ ﺃﺭﺘﻴﻤـﻴﺱ‬
‫ﺨ ﹶﺘﻠِ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﺇﻥ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﹶﺘ ﹾ‬
‫ﺹ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺇﻟﻬﺔ ﺍﻷﺸﺠﺎﺭ ﺃﻥ ﺘﹶﺭ ﹸﻗ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻴ‪‬ﺼﻭ‪‬ﺭﻫﺎ ﺍﻟﺸﱡـﻌﺭﺍ ‪‬ﺀ ﻭﺍﻟ ﹶﻔﻨﱠـﺎﻨﹸﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻋ‪‬ﺭ‪‬ﻓﹶﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻴ‪‬ﻭﻨﹶﺎﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺫﹶﺍﺭ‪‬ﻯ ﻓﻲ ﺼـﻭﺭﺓ ﺤ‪‬ﻭ ِﺭﻴ‪‬ـﺎﺕ‪،‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺼ‪‬ﻴ ٍﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ‬
‫ل ﺃﻭ ﹶﻜ ﹾﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋٌ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻌﻬﺎ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﹰـﺎ ﺒﺎﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺭﺒ‪‬ﻴـ ِﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﹸﺘﹶﻠﻘﱠ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩ‪‬ﺓ ﺃﺭﺘﻴﻤﻴﺱ ﹶﻜ ‪‬ﺭﺒ‪‬ـ ِﺔ‬
‫ﺍﺴﺘﻭﻋﺒﺘﻬﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻷﻨﻭﺍﻉ ﻗﹸﺭﺒﺎﻨﹰﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹸﺘﻜﹶـ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﻋﻤ‪‬ﻭﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻫـﻭ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬
‫ﺒﺭﻋﺎﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺃﺓ ‪‬‬
‫ﺢ ﺜﻡ ﺘﹸﺤﺭ‪‬ﻕ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﱠﺒﺎ ِﺌ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺇﻅﻬﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺼـﻭﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺃﻋﺎ ‪‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﻭﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺄﻟﹸﻭﻑ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻁﻘـﻭﺱ‬
‫ﺝ ﺒـﻼﺩ‬
‫ﻭﺘﹶﻅﻬ ‪‬ﺭ ﺃﺭﺘﻴﻤﻴﺱ ﺨﺎﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻜﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻌﺩ‪ ‬ﻤﻥ ﻋﺠﺎﺌﺏ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻨﻴﺎ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺒﻊ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ ﺠﺎﻨِﺏ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻴ‪‬ـﺎﺩِﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ﺭﻱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﹸﺘﹶﻠﻘﱠﺏ ﻓﻲ ﺒﻼﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒ‪‬ﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺭﺓِ؛ ﻷﻨﻬﺎ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭﻋ‪‬ﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻴ‪‬ﻭﻨﹶﺎﻥ ﺒﺈﻟﻬﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺎﻩ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﱠﺒﺎﺘﹶﺎﺕ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﺭ‪‬ﻴـﺔ‪ ،‬ﹸﺘﻌ‪‬ﺎ ِﻭﻨﹸﻬـﺎ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ﹶﻘﺩ‪ ‬ﻡ ﻟﻬﺎ ﻋ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﺩ ﻜﺒﻴﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻨـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻷﺜﻴﻨﻴﻭﻥ ﻴﻘﺩ‪‬ﻤﻭﻥ ﻟﻬﺎ ﻜل‬
‫ﻭﻴﺅﻜﱢﺩ ﺍﻟﺸﱡﻌﺭﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ ﺠﺎﺀﻭﺍ ﺒﻌﺩ‬
‫ـﺎﻋﺯ؛‬
‫ـﻥ ﺍﻟﻤـ‬
‫ـﺎﻡ ‪ ٥٠٠‬ﺭﺃﺱ ﻤـ‬
‫ﻋـ‬
‫*ﻫﻭﻤﻴﺭﻭﺱ ﻋِ ﱠﻔ ﹶﺔ ﺃﺭﺘﻴﻤﻴﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗـﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻋﺘﺭﺍﻓﹰﺎ ﻤﻨﻬﻡ ﺒﻔﻀﻠﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻡ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ـﻭﻜﱠﻼ ﹸ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤـ‬
‫ـﺎ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ﻭ ِﺭ ‪‬ﻴـ‬
‫ـﺎ ِﺭ‬
‫ﺕ ﺒﺎﻵ ‪‬ﺒـ‬
‫ـﺎ‬
‫ـﺩﻭ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺭﺍﻨﻬـ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻭﻟﱢــﺩ‪‬ﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺒـ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ـﺎ ﹸ‬
‫ـ َﺅﺩ‪‬ﻯ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻗﺼـ‬
‫ـﺎﺒِﻴﻊ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﹸـ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻴﻨﹶـ‬
‫ﺼﻭ‪ ‬ﺭ ﻟﻨﺸﺄﺓ "ﺍﻟﺼـﻴ‪‬ﺎﺩﺓ‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﺩ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﱠ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍ ِﻗﻌ‪‬ﺔ ﻤﺎﺭﺍﺘﻭﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻤ ﱢﺜﻠﹶﺔ ﻟﻬﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻌِﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﻓـﻲ ﺒﻌـﺽ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺱ ﹶﺘﺘﹶﻘﺒ‪‬ـ ُ‬
‫ﻁﻘﹸـﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﻭﻓﻲ ﺒﻌـ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ﹾﺫﺭ‪‬ﺍﺀ" ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺍﺴﺘﻐﻠﱠﻬﺎ "ﻴﻭﺭﻭﺒﻴﺩﺱ"‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫ﻋﻨِﻴـ ٍ‬
‫ل ِ‬
‫ﺸـ ﹾﻜ ٍ‬
‫ـﺎﻥ ﺒ ﹶ‬
‫‪‬ﺭﺒ‪‬ـﻭﻉ ﺍﻟﻴ‪‬ﻭﻨـ‬
‫ﺕ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟـﺩ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﻁﺭ‪‬ﺍ ٍ‬
‫ﻀ ‪‬ﻊ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺃﺭﺘﻴﻤﻴﺱ ِﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﻴﻥ ﺠﻌل ﻤﻨﻬـﺎ ﺭﻤـﺯ‪‬ﺍ ﻷﻤـل‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﻬﻭ‪‬ﺍﻨِﻲ ﺒﻤﺼﺎﺤﺒﺔ ﻨﺎﻱ‪ .‬ﻭﻴ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﻭﹶ‬
‫ﻕ َﺃﺤ‪‬ـ ِﺩ‬
‫ﻋﻨﹸـ ِ‬
‫ﺨ ﹸﺫ ﺒﺎﻟﺴ‪‬ﻴﻑ ﻤـﻥ ‪‬‬
‫ﺘﹸﺅ ﹶ‬
‫ﻥ ﻫﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺸ ِﺭﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻓﻲ "ﻫﻴﺒﻭﻟﻴﺘﻭﺱ"‪ .‬ﻓﺈ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒ ﹶ‬
‫ﻋﻭِﻱ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﺫﻟﻙ ﺃﺜﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺸﹶـﻌِﻴﺭ‪‬ﺓِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱡﻭ ِﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ﱠ‬
‫ﻴﻨﺒﺫ ﺃﻓﺭﻭﺩﻴﺕ؛ ﻭﻫﻭ ﺃﻤـﺭ ﻴﻜـﺎﺩ‬
‫ﻉ ﺃﺨﺭﻯ ﻤـﻥ ﺒـﻼﺩ‬
‫ﻭﻓﻲ ‪‬ﺭﺒ‪‬ﻭ ٍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺤﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺒﺈﻨﺴﺎﻥ ﻗﹸﺭﺒﺎﻨﹰﺎ ﻟﻺﻟﻬـﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻥ‬
‫ﺸﺭِ‪.‬‬
‫ل ﻋﻠﻰ ﻏﻴﺭِﻩ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺒ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘﺤِﻴ ُ‬
‫ﻴ‪ ‬‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺍ ِﻗﺼِـﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺱ ﺒﻌـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻠ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁﻭ‪‬ﺭﺕ ﺒﺎﻓﺘﺩﺍﺀ‬
‫ﺸﻌِﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﹸﺓ ﻗﺩ ﹶﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻷ ﹾﻗﻨﹶﻌﺔﹶ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹸﺘ ﹶﻐﻨﱢﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻴﺎﺕ ﺃُﻨﺸﻭﺩ ﹰﺓ ﻟﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺍَ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻴﻭ‪‬ﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻴ ٍﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻀِ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ ﺒُﺄ ‪‬‬
‫ﻅﻬ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﺸﱢـﻌ ِﺭ‬
‫ﻁﻘﹸﻭﺱ ﹸ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﻁﹶل ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﹶﻨ ﹶﺫﺭ‪ ‬ﻨﻔﺴﻪ ﻷﺭﺘﻴﻤﻴﺱ ﻟﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺠﺎل؛ ﻭﺫﻟﻙ ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻫـﺎ ‪‬ﺭﺒ‪‬ـ ﹶﺔ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺽ‬
‫ـﺫﻫﺏ ﺒﻌ ـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠـ ِﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﺘـ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔ ‪‬‬
‫ﹸﻗ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻴـ َ‬
‫ﻓﻌﻠﺕ ﺃﺭﺘﻴﻤﻴﺱ ﻋﻨـﺩﻤﺎ ﺍ ﹾﻓﺘﹶـﺩ‪‬ﺕ *‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻤﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻴـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﺍﻴ‪‬ﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺇﻓﻴﺠﻴﻨﻴﺎ ﺒ ﹶﻐﺯ‪‬ﺍﹶﻟﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻀﺒ‪‬ﺔِ‬
‫ﻏ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻜﻠِﻡِ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ْﺄﺜﹸﻭﺭﺓ ﻋﻥ ﹶ‬
‫ﺏ ﻟﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭ ﹶﺓ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻨ ِ‬
‫ﺃﺭﺘﻴﻤﻴﺱ ﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﺸِ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﹶﺘ ﱠﺘﺴِﻡ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻌﺩ‪‬ﺍﻭ‪‬ﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﱠﺒﻴﻌ ﹶﺔ ﺍﻟﻭ‪ ‬‬
‫ﺨ ﹾﻨﺯِﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﺒ‪‬ﺭﻴ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ؛ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺇﺭﺴﺎﻟﹶﻬﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﻁ ﹾ‬
‫ﺴـ ﹶ‬
‫ـﺔ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ـﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻹﻟﻬـ‬
‫‪‬ﻴـ ‪‬ﺩلﱡ ﻋﻠـ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﺃﺭﺘﻴﻤﻴﺱ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺼل ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺒ ﹰﺔ‬
‫ﻏﻀ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺒ ِﺘﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﺇﻨﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺩلﱡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﹶ‬
‫ﻼﺤ‪‬ـﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺘﻤِـﺩﺓ‬
‫ﺭِﻋﺎ ‪‬ﻴﺘﹶﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻔِ ﹶ‬
‫ﺠﺒ‪‬ـﺎل‬
‫ﺴلِ ﺇﻟﻬـﺔ ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻟﻸﻤ‪‬ﻭﻤﺔ ﻤﻥ ﹶﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﺭﻴﺘﻴﺔ؛ ﻭﻫﻲ ﻓـﻲ ﻫـﺫﺍ ﹸﺘﺸﹾـﺒِﻪ‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﻓﺩ‪‬ﺍﺤ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﱠﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﺩﻓﻌﻪ ﻟﺘﺠﺎ ‪‬ﻫﻠِـﻪ‬
‫ﺠﺴ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻡ ﻗﹸـﻭ‪‬ﺓ‬
‫ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ ﹸﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻑ ﻋﺒﺎ ‪‬ﺩﺘﹶﻬﺎ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺫﻟﻙ ﺠ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻭ‬
‫ﻭﺍ ﹾﻜ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻨ ﹶ‬
‫ﻅﻤ‪‬ﻰ" ﺍﻵﺴﻴﻭﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬
‫*"ﺍﻷﻡ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﱠﺒﻴﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎ ِﺘﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺱ‬
‫ﻁﻘﹸـﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻫﺒﺔ؛ ﻓﻘﺩ ﺼﺎﺤﺒﺘﻬﺎ ﹸ‬
‫ﺇﻥ ﺃﺭﺘﻴﻤﻴﺱ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟ ﱡﻨﻬ‪‬ﻭﺩ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻜﺜِﻴـﺭ‪‬ﺓ‬
‫ﻼ ﹶﻗﺔِ ﺃﺭﺘﻴﻤـﻴﺱ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ ﹶﻨ ﹶﺘﺞ‪ ‬ﻋﻥ ﻋ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﺠ ﹾﻠ ِﺩ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻴـﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺘﻴـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺘﻘﻭﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺃﻓﻴﺴﻭﺱ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ُﺃﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺘﹶﺒـﺩ‪‬ﻭ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻤﺔ ﺒــ "ﻫﻴﻜـﺎﺘﻲ" ﺃﻥ ﺍ ‪‬ﻤﺘﹶـ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﺤﻬ‪‬ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﻤﺎﻡ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﺫ ‪‬ﺒ ِ‬
‫ﺼﻭﺭﺓ *"ﺍﻷﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﻅﻤﻰ"‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻌﺒﺩﻫﺎ‬
‫ﺴﺤ‪‬ﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﻠﱠﻴل ﻭﺍﻟ ﹶﻘﻤ‪‬ﺭ‪،‬‬
‫ﺴﻠﻁﺎﻨﹸﻬﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺤﺭ‪‬ﺍﺜﹰﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬
‫ﻜﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﻘﺩ‪‬ﻤﻥ ﻷﺭﺘﻴﻤﻴﺱ ِﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﺫﻫﺏ ﻜﺜﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺍﺭِﺴﻴﻥ ﺇﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺇﺭﺍﺩﺓ ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﺤﻘﹸﻭل ﺃﻭﻨﻴـﻭﺱ؛‬
‫ﻲ ‪‬‬
‫ﺙ ﹶﻓﺴ‪‬ﺎﺩ‪‬ﺍ ِﻓ ِ‬
‫‪‬ﻴﻌِﻴ ﹸ‬
‫‪٤٩‬‬
‫ﻋ ِﻬ ‪‬ﺩ ﺒـﻪ‬
‫ﺕ ﻟﻪ ﺍﺒﻨﹰﺎ ‪‬‬
‫"ﻤﺭﻟﻴﻥ"؛ ﹶﻓَﺄ ﹾﻨﺠ‪‬ﺒ‪ ‬ﹾ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻲ ﺘﻅﻬﺭ ﺤﺎﻤﻠﺔ ﺸﹸﻌﻠﺔ ﻗﺩ ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺭﻤﺯ‪‬ﺍ ﻟﻠﻘﻤﺭ ﺃﻭ ﺭﻤـ ‪‬ﺯﺍ ﻟﻠﻤﺴـﺎﺀ‪.‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺘﺴﻜﻥ ﺠﺒل "ﺘـﺎﻴﺠﻴﺘﻭﺱ"؛‬
‫ﺤﻴﺙ ﻴﻨﻤﻭ ﻋ‪‬ﺸﺏ ﻴﺤﻤـل ﺍﺴـﻤﻬﺎ‬
‫"ﺍﺭﺘﻴﻤﻴﺴﻴﺎ"‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﻫ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﻜﻠﹸﻬـﺎ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺸﻔﹶﺎﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ﺴ ِﺘ ﹾ‬
‫ﻕ ﺍﻻ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁِ‬
‫"ﻟﻭﺯﻱ" ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻌﺩ‪ ‬ﻤﻥ ‪‬ﻤﻨﹶﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻊ ﻟﻌﺒﺎﺩ ِﺓ ﺃﺭﺘﻴﻤﻴﺱ ﻭﺘﻁﻭ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﻤﺠﺎﻻﺘﻬﺎ؛ ﻴﺴﺘﻁﻴﻊ ﺃﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﻘـﺭ‪‬ﺭ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱢﺜﻘﹶﺔ ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﻜﺎﻨـﺕ ِﻤﺜﹾـ َ‬
‫ﺃﺸﻬﺭ ﺃﺒﻁﺎل ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻠﺤ‪‬ﻤﺔ ﺍﻹﻨﺠﻠﻴﺯﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻙ‬
‫ل ﺭِﻭﺍﻴ ﹲﺔ ﺃﺨﺭﻯ ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻠِـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﻘﻭ ُ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻭﻓﺔ ﺒﻬﺫﺍ ﺍﻻﺴﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﹶـ ‪‬ﺭﻨﹶﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺃُﻭﺜﺭ ﺒﻨﺩﺭﺍﺠﻭﻥ ﹶﺘﺯ‪ ‬ﻭﺝ‪ ‬ﻤﻥ ﺇﻴﺠﺭﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﻤِﺱ ﻭﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﺎﺩِﺱ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﻼﺩﻴـﻴﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋ ِﻘ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﻭ‪‬ﻓﹶـﺎﺓِ ﺯﻭﺠﻬـﺎ "ﺠﻭﺭﻟـﻭﺍ"‪،‬‬
‫ﺴﺘﹶﻭﻋِﺏ ﻫـﺫﻩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻠﺤ‪‬ﻤـ ﹸﺔ ﻋِـﺩ‪‬ﺓ‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﺒ‪‬ﺎ "ﺁﺭﺜﹶﺭ"‪ .‬ﻭَﺃﻤ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ ﻤـﺭﻟﻴﻥ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻭَﺃ ﹾﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻙ ﺁﺭﺜﹶـﺭ‬
‫ﺕ ﹶﺘﺩ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ﺤﻭ َ‬
‫ﺤﻜﹶﺎﻴﺎ ٍ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺸﺩ‪‬ﻩ ﻭﻴﺤﻜ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫‪‬ﻴﺨﹾﻔﻰ ﺁﺭﺜﹶﺭ ﺤﺘﱠﻰ ﻴﺒﻠﻎ َﺃ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﻓﹸﺭﺴــﺎﻥ ﻤﺎ ِﺌ ‪‬ﺩﺘِــﻪ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺴــ ﹶﺘﺩِﻴﺭ‪‬ﺓ‪،‬‬
‫ﺒﺭﻴﻁﺎﻨﻴﺎ؛ ﹶﻓﻌ‪‬ﻬِﺩ‪ ‬ﺒﻪ ﻤﺭﻟﻴﻥ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺴِﻴﺭ‬
‫ﺱ‬
‫ﻼﻁِﻪ ﻭُﺃﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭ ِﺓ ﺍﻟﻜﹶـ ْﺄ ِ‬
‫ﺕ ‪‬ﺒ ﹶ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻴﺩ‪‬ﺍ ِ‬
‫ﻭ‪‬‬
‫ﺱ ﺒﺄﻥ‬
‫َﺃ ﹾﻜﺘﹸﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﹶﺘﻅﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﺭ ﺃﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎ ِ‬
‫ل ‪‬ﻤﻐﹶــﺎﻤ‪‬ﺭﺍﺕ ﺠﺎﻻﻫ‪‬ــﺎﺩ‬
‫ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘﻨﹶــﺎ ‪‬ﻭ ُ‬
‫ﻜﺎﻱ‪.‬‬
‫ﺤﻜﹶﺎﻴ‪‬ـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻘﺩ‪‬ﺴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﻫـﻡ ﻫـﺫﻩ ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻕ ﺃﺼﻐﺭ ﻻﺒﻨـﻪ ﺴـﻴﺭ‬
‫ﺸﻘِﻴ ﹲ‬
‫ﺁﺭﺜﹶﺭ ﹶ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺃﺒﻭﻟﻭ‪ ،‬ﻏﻴﺭ ﻫﻴﻠﻴﻨ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ ﺍﻷﺼ‪‬ل‪ .‬ﻭﻟـﻡ‬
‫‪THE ROUND‬‬
‫‪ TABLE‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﻤﺭﻟﻴﻥ ﻟﺘﺭﺒﻴﺘﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻼﻗﹶﺔ؛ ﻓﻘﺩ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺘﹸﻌ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﺘﻜﻥ ﻟﻬﺎ ﺒﻪ ﻋ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﻌﺼﺭ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺒﻼﺩ ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴﻕ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﹶﻗ ‪‬ﺒ َ‬
‫ﻲ ﻭﻓﻲ ﺁﺴﻴﺎ ﺍﻟﺼﻐﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻬِﻴﻠِﻴﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﺯﻴﺭﺓ ﻜﺭﻴﺕ ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻫـﺎ ﺇﻟﻬـﺔ‬
‫ﺽ‪ .‬ﻭﻤﺠﺎﻟﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺴﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺭ ِ‬
‫ﻻﺩ‪‬ﺓ‬
‫ﻉ ﻭ ِﻭ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ﺭﻴ‪‬ــﺔ ﻭﻨﻤــﺎﺀ ﺍﻟــﺯ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﺍﻤﺘﺩ‪‬ﺕ ﺭﻋﺎﻴﺘﹸﻬﺎ ﺤﺘـﻰ‬
‫ﻭﺘﻁــﻭ‪‬ﺭﺕ ﺼ‪‬ــﻭ ‪‬ﺭﺘﹸﻬﺎ ﺒﺘــﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻬﻭﻤﻴﺭﻴﺔ؛ ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻫـﺎ‬
‫ﺽ‬
‫ﺼﺒ‪‬ﺢ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻐﹸﻤـﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻷﻡ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻌﻅﻤﻰ"‪ ،‬ﻭَﺃ ‪‬‬
‫"ﺍ ُ‬
‫‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺯ ﺍﻟ ِﻌﻔﱠﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻻﻨﺴﻠﻭﺕ ﻭﺇﻴﻠﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭ ِﻗﺼ‪‬ـﺔ ﺁﺭﺜﹶـﺭ‬
‫ﻙ ﻟﺒﺭﻴﻁﺎﻨﻴﺎ‬
‫ﻜﻨﺘﺭﺒﺭﻱ ﻴﺒﺤﺙ ﻋﻥ ﻤ‪‬ﻠ ٍ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺼﺔ ﺘﺭﻴﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ*ﺃﻴﺯﻭﻟﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒﻠﻴﺎﺱ‬
‫ﻥ ﻟﻪ ﻫﺫﺍ‬
‫ﻁﹶﻠﺏ‪ ‬ﻤﻥ ﻤﺭﻟﻴﻥ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﺠﻨﻴﻔﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺤﻜﺎﻴﺔ ﺠﻴﺭﻴﻨﺕ ﻭﺇﻴﻨﻴـﺩ‪،‬‬
‫ﻻﺀِ؛‬
‫ﺠﻤِﻴ ‪‬ﻊ ﺒﺎﻟﻁﱠﺎﻋﺔ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻭ ﹶ‬
‫ﻥ ﻟﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻴﺩِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺕ ﻭﻟﻴﻨﻴــﺕ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺇﻴﻨــﺎﺭﻱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺠﺎﺭﻴـ‬
‫ﻭﺠﻭﻴﻥ ﻭﺒﻴﺩﻴﻔﻴﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﺭﻟﻴﻥ ﻭﻓﻴﻔﻴﺎﻥ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻙ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓَﺄ ‪‬ﺒﹶﻠﻐﹶـ ‪‬ﻪ ﻤـﺭﻟﻴﻥ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻤِﻠﻜﹰـﺎ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻭﺜــﺭﻥ ﻭﺇﻴﺠــﺭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺠﻭﺭﻟــﻭﺍ‬
‫ﻭﻓﻭﺭﺘﻴﺠﺭﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﻋﺩِﻴﺩ‪‬ﺓ ﺘﺩﻭﺭ ﺤﻭ َ‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺜﻤ‪‬ﺔ ﺭﻭﺍﻴﺎﺕ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺇﺤﺩﺍﻫﺎ‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻭِﻟ ِﺩ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻠﻙ ﺁﺭﺜﹶﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺫﻫ ‪‬‬
‫ﻉ‬
‫ﻅﻬ‪‬ﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴﻨﹶﺎ ِﺯ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴﻭﻑ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ﺱ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺠﻠﹸﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺤﻘﹸﻭ ِﻗ ِﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﺤ ‪‬ﺩ ﻓﻲ ‪‬‬
‫ﺵ ﺒﺭﻴﻁﺎﻨﻴﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺭ ﻀﺨﻡ ﻤﺜﺒـﺕ‬
‫ﺤ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ‪‬‬
‫ﻑ ﺠﻤﻴـل‬
‫ﺒﻪ ﺴ ﹾﻨﺩ‪‬ﺍﻥ ﺩ‪‬ﻓﻊ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺴ‪‬ـﻴ ﹲ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﻏﺩ‪‬ﺕِ ﺍﻟﺼﻴ‪‬ﺎﺩ ﹶﺓ ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ـ ﹾﺫﺭ‪‬ﺍﺀ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻜ ﹶﺘ ِﻨﻔﹸﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﺱ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﺩﺴ‪‬ـﺔِ‪ ،‬ﻭ ِﻗﺼ‪‬ـﺔ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻜﹶـ ْﺄ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﻤﺭِﻩ؛ ﻜـﺎﻥ ﹶﻜﺒِﻴـ ‪‬ﺭ ﺃﺴ‪‬ـﺎ ِﻗﻔﹶﺔ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ‪‬‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺤ‪‬ﻲ‪،‬‬
‫ل ﻜﺎﺌ ٍ‬
‫ﺸﻤِﹶﻠﺕ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻐﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ﻤﻥ ﻜ ﱢ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﺒﺭﺴﻴﭭﺎل ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﹶﻨﺠ‪‬ﺢ‪ ‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺜﹸـﻭﺭ‬
‫ﻭﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﺒ‪‬ﹶﻠ ﹶﻎ ﺁﺭﺜﹶﺭ ﺍﻟﺜﱠﺎﻤِﻨﺔ ﻋﺸﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺃُﻭﺜـﺭ ﺒﻨـﺩﺭﺍﺠﻭﻥ ﻤﻠـﻙ‬
‫ﺤﺒ‪‬ﺎ ﺒﺎﻟﺴ‪‬ﻴﺩﺓ ﺇﻴﺠـﺭﻥ‬
‫ﺒﺭﻴﻁﺎﻨﻴﺎ ﻫﺎ ‪‬ﻡ ‪‬‬
‫ﺵ ﺠﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﺒﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻤﻥ ﻴﺴﺘﻁﻴﻊ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﹶﻨ ﹾﻘ ﹲ‬
‫ﻏﻤ‪‬ـﺩﻩ‬
‫ﻑ ﻤﻥ ِ‬
‫ﺏ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﺠ ِﺫ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺁﺭﺛــــﺮ )ﺍﳌﹶﻠِــــﻚ‪ ‬ﺁﺭﺛﹶــــﺮ‬
‫ﻭﻓﹸﺮﺳ‪‬ـــــﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﺎﺋِـــــﺪ‪‬ﺓ‬
‫ﺵ‪.‬‬
‫ﻕ ﻓﻲ ﺍ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺘﻘﹶﺎ ِﺀ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ﺤﱢ‬
‫ﻟﺜﻼﺙ ‪‬ﺒﻨﹶﺎﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﺴﺘﻁﹶﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻙ ﺃُﻭﺜﺭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﹸﺴﺘ‪‬ﺪِﻳﺮﺓ(‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬ﺩﻋِﻬﺎ ﻤ‪‬ﺘﻨ ﱢﻜﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭﺩ‪‬ﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾ‬
‫ﻑ ﺴِـﻴﺭ‬
‫ﻁﻡ‪ ‬ﺴ‪‬ـﻴ ﹸ‬
‫ﺙ ﺃﻥ ﹶﺘﺤ‪ ‬ﱠ‬
‫ﻭﺤ‪‬ﺩ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﺤ ِﺭ‬
‫ﺼﻭﺭﺓ ﺯ‪‬ﻭﺠِﻬـﺎ ﺒﻔﻀـل ﺴِـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻜﺎﻱ ﻓﻲ ﺇﺤﺩﻯ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻌ‪‬ﺎ ِﺭﻙِ؛ ﻓﻁﻠـﺏ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫‪KING ARTHUR AND‬‬
‫‪THE KNIGHTS OF‬‬
‫ﺯﻭﺠﺔ "ﺠﻭﺭﻟﻭﺍ" ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻜﺎﻨـﺕ ُﺃﻤ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﻌِﻴﺩ‪‬ﻩ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻤ‪‬ﻭﻀﻌﻪ ﻴﻜﻭﻥ ﺼﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺴﻴﺭ ﻜﺎﻱ ﻤـﻥ َﺃﺨِﻴـﻪ ﺁﺭﺜﹶـﺭ ﺃﻥ‬
‫‪٥٠‬‬
‫ﺠﺭ‪‬ﻯ ﺁﺭﺜﹶﺭ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺤﻴـﺙ ﻴﻭﺠـﺩ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﺎ ﻻ ِﻤﻌ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻷﺤﺎﻴﻴﻥ ﻴﺤﻤل ﺩِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﹶﺘﺯ‪ ‬ﻭﺝ‪ ‬ﺁﺭﺜﹶﺭ ﻤﻥ "ﺠﻨﻴﻔﺭ"‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺸـﺎ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﻱ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﻑ ﺍﻷ ﹶﺜ ِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺩﺍﻥ ﻭﺠ‪ ‬ﹶﺫﺏ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻴ ﹶ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺒ ِﻬ ‪‬ﺭ ﺒ‪‬ﺭﻴ ﹸﻘ ‪‬ﻪ ﺃﺒﺼﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ﻜل ﻤﻥ ﻴﺤـﺩﻕ‬
‫ﺏ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺒﻴﻬﺎ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻁﹸﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻤﺭﻟﻴﻥ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ﻏ ‪‬ﻤﺩِﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻋﻁﹶﺎﻩ ﻟﺴﻴﺭ ﻜﺎﻱ‪ .‬ﻭﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﻓﻴﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﺸِﻌﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻠﻙ ﺁﺭﺜﹶﺭ ِﺘﻨﱢﻴﻨﹰﺎ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﺩﻡ‪ ‬ﻟﻪ )ﻜﻬﺩﻴـﺔ ﺯﻭﺍﺝ( ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌِـﺩ‪‬ﺓ‬
‫ﻋﺘِﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﺼﺩ‪‬ﻕ ﺃﻥ ﻫﺫﺍ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﺴـ ِﺘﻁﹶﺎ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﻘﻭل ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﺇﻥ ﺁﺭﺜﹶﺭ ﹶﻓﻘﹶـ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﺼ ﹶﻨ ‪‬ﻌﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﻠﻙ ﺃﻭﺜـﺭ ﺒﻨـﺩﺭﺍﺠﻭﻥ‪،‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻱ ﻓﻲ ﺇﺤﺩﻯ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻌ‪‬ﺎﺭِﻙ؛‬
‫ﺴﻴﻔﹶﻪ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺤ ِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ ِﺭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹰﺔ ﻻ ﻴﺴـﺘﻁﻴﻊ‬
‫ﺴ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻤﺎﺌﺩ ﹰﺓ ِ‬
‫ﺏ ﺴ‪‬ﻴﻔﹰﺎ ﺁﺨﺭ‬
‫ﻓﻨﺼﺤﻪ ﻤﺭﻟﻴﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﻁﹸﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺱ ﺇﻟﻴﻬــﺎ ﺇﻻ ﺍﻟﻔﹸﺭﺴ‪‬ــﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺠﻠِــ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻴﺭ‪‬ﺓ "ﻨﻴﻤـﻭﻱ" ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺴﻴﺩﺓ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺠﺩِﻴﺭ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﺒﻬﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺭﻑ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﻘـﻭ ُ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﻑ ﺁﺨـﺭ؛‬
‫ﻻ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺴ‪‬ﻴ ٍ‬
‫ل ﻟﻪ ﺤﺎ ﹰ‬
‫ﺼَ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻻ ﺘﻘﻁﻌﻬﺎ ﺍﻷﺴﻠﺤﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜـﺎﻥ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﻴﺸﺘﺭﻙ ﻓﻲ ﺁﺨِﺭ ﻤ‪ ‬ﻌﺭ‪ ‬ﹶﻜﺔٍ‪ .‬ﻭﻗـﺩ‬
‫ﻋِﻠ ‪‬ﻡ ﺴِﻴﺭ ﺃﻜﺘﻭﺭ ﺒﻤﺎ ﻓﻌﻠﻪ ﺁﺭﺜﹶﺭ؛ ﻟﻡ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴﻘﹸﻭ ‪‬ﻡ ﺁﺭﺜﹶﺭ ﺒﺈﻋﺎﺩﺓ‬
‫ﻭَﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻴﻑ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻤﻭﻀﻌﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﻨ ‪‬ﺯﻋِﻪِ ﻤﻨـﻪ‬
‫ﻤِﺭﺍﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻭ ﹶﺘﻜﹾﺭﺍﺭ‪‬ﺍ؛ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻨ ﱠﻔ ﹶﺫ ﺁﺭﺜﹶﺭ ﻤﺎ ﻁﻠﹶﺒﻪ‬
‫ﻟﻪ ‪‬ﺭ ْﺃﺴ‪‬ﺎﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘﺩِﻴﺭ‪‬ﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻤـﺭﻟﻴﻥ ﻗـﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘﺠ‪‬ﺎﺒ‪‬ﺕ ﻟﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎل؛ ﻓﺒـﺭﺯﺕ‬
‫ﺍ‪‬‬
‫ﺱ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﻘـﻊ‬
‫ﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭ ﹸﺓ ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﺎ ِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻷ‪‬‬
‫ﺍُ‬
‫ﺴﻴﺭ ﺃﻜﺘﻭﺭ ‪‬ﻤِﻠﻜﹰﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻜـﺭ‪‬ﺭ ﺁﺭﺜـﺭ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺓ ﺘﺤﻤل ﺴﻴﻔﹰﺎ‬
‫ﻉ ﻤﻥ ﻭﺴﻁ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺫِﺭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺱ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﻭﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺠِﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻻﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ ِﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻏ ‪‬ﻤﺩِﻩ ﻭﺇﻋﺎﺩﺘِـﻪ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻴﻑ ﻤﻥ ِ‬
‫ﺠ ﹾﺫ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺭﺍﺌﻌ‪‬ﺎ؛ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹶﻔﺯ‪ ‬ﺁﺭﺜﺭ ﻓﻲ ﻗﺎﺭِﺏ ﺼﻐﻴﺭ‬
‫ﺠﺩِﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﺒﻬﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺭﻑ ﻴـﺭﻯ ﺍﺴـﻤ‪‬ﻪ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﻤﻜﺎﻨﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻴﺎﻡ ﺍﻷﻋﻴﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﺭﻋ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﻤﺎ‬
‫ﻭﺠﺩﻩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺎﻁﺊ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻑ ﻤﻥ ﺫﻫـﺏ‪،‬‬
‫ﺤﺭ‪‬ﻭ ٍ‬
‫ﻤﻜﺘﻭﺒ‪‬ﺎ ﺨﻠﻔﻪ ﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺵ‬
‫ﺤﻘﱢﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺍﺭﺘﻘﺎﺀ ﻋ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ﺒﺫﻟﻙ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﻤﻠﻪ ﺒﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ ﻋﺠﻴﺒﺔ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﻭﺴـﻁ‬
‫ﺤﺭ‪‬ﻭﻑ ﺇﻻ ﻋﻨـﺩ‬
‫ﻭﻻ ﺘﺨﺘﻔﻲ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺴﻴﺭ ﺃﻜﺘﻭﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﻨﺩﺌﺫ ﺍﻋﺘﺭﻑ ﺒـﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﻙ ﻭﺍﻷﻤـﺭﺍﺀ‪ ...‬ﻭﺍﺴـﺘﻁﺎﻉ‬
‫ﺤﺘﻰ ﺍﺨﺘﻔﺕ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻤِﻀﺔ ﻓﺠـﺄ ﹰﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﺠﻠﻭﺱ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺃﺤـﺩ‬
‫ﺁﺭﺜﹶﺭ ﺒﻤﻌﻭﻨﺔ "ﻤـﺭﻟﻴﻥ" ﻭﻓﺭﺴـﺎﻨﻪ‬
‫ﻭﺃﺒﻠﻎ ﻤﺭﻟﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻙ ﺁﺭﺜﹶﺭ ﺃﻨﻪ ﻟـﻥ‬
‫ﺠﺎﻨﺒﻲ ﺁﺭﺜﹶﺭ " ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻘﻌ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟﻬ‪‬ـﻼﹶﻙ"‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﺜﱠـﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬
‫ﺨ ِﻤ ‪‬ﺩ ﻜﹸـ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺒﻁﺎل ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫ل ﺒﻬﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﺯ ‪‬ﻡ ﻗﹶﻁ ﻤﺎ ﺩﺍﻡ ‪‬ﻴﻘﹶﺎ ِﺘ ُ‬
‫ﺱ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺇﻻ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭِﺱ‬
‫ﺠِﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﻴﺴﺘﻁﻴﻊ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺠﻬِﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺩﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ِﻔﺘﹶﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻗﺎﻤ‪‬ﺕ ﻓﻲ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺠﻴﺏ "ﺇﻜﺴﻜﺎﻟﻴﺒﻭﺭ"‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻨـﻪ ﻟـﻥ‬
‫ﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻴ ‪‬ﻊ ﺒﺎﻟﻁﱠﺎﻋ ِﺔ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻭﻻﹶﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ﻙ ﺁﺭﺜﺭ ﺍﺜﻨﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤِﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ﺨﺎ ‪‬‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺒﺭﻴﻁﺎﻨﻴﺎ؛ ﻓـﺎﻋﺘﺭﻑ ﺒـﻪ ﺠﻤﻴـ ‪‬ﻊ‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫ﺠ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺫﺏ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻴﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﺎ ﺇﻥ ﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﺩ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﺭﺘﹶـﻪ‬
‫ﻭﻓﺎﺘِﻪ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻋﻨـﺩﻤﺎ ﻴﻔﻘـﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﻏ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺩ ﻫـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺏ ﺒﺠ‪‬ﺭﺡ ﻁﺎﻟﻤﺎ ﺃﻥ ِ‬
‫‪‬ﻴﺼ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻴﻑ ﻤﻌﻠﱠﻕ ﺒﺠﺎﻨﺒﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺤﺼ‪‬ـﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻷﻗﹾـﺩ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﺭ ِﻟ ﹾﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﺍﺨﺘﺎﺭﺘﻪ ﺍ َ‬
‫ﺱ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﺩﺴ‪‬ـﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺘـﺫﻫﺏ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻜ ْﺄ ِ‬
‫ـﻭﺭﺩﺭﺩ"‬
‫ـﻰ ﺃﻥ "ﻤـ‬
‫ﺍﻷُﺴ ـﻁﹸﻭﺭ ﹸﺓ ﺇﻟـ‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟﺸﱡﻌﺭﺍﺀ ﺍﻻﺒﻥ ﻏﻴﺭ‬
‫)ﻭﻴﻌﺩﻩ ﺒﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻡ ﺒﻜﺜﻴﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻐﺎﻤﺭﺍﺕ ﻭﺘﺤﺩ‪‬ﻯ‬
‫ﻏﻀ‪‬ﺏ‪ ‬ﻤﻭﺭﺠﺎﻨـﺎ ﺍﻟﺠِﻨﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺁﺭﺜﹶﺭ َﺃ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻋﻲ ﻟﻠﻤﻠﻙ ﺁﺭﺜﺭ‪ ،‬ﺒﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻴﻘـﻭل‬
‫ﺏ ﻓﻲ ‪‬ﻤﺒ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺯﺘِـ ِﻪ ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻐﻠﱠـﺏ‬
‫ﻏ ٍ‬
‫ل ﺭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﻜﱡ‬
‫)ﺃﺨﺘﻪ ﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻘﻴﻘﺔ(؛ ﻓﺎﺴـﺘﻌﺎﺭﺕ‬
‫ﺁﺨﺭﻭﻥ ﺇﻨﻪ ﺍﺒﻥ ﺃﺨﻴﻪ( ﺜﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺠﻪ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺤ ﹾﻜﻤِـﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ل ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺩ ِﺓ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﺸﺭﺓ ﻤﻌﺭﻜ ﹰﺔ ﺨِﻼ َ‬
‫ﻭﺘﺫﻫﺏ ﺍﻷُﺴـﻁﹸﻭﺭ ﹸﺓ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺤﻨﹶﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺏ ﻟﻨﺠﺩﺓ ﺴﻴﺩﺍﺕ ﹸﻜﻥ‪ ‬ﻓﻲ ِﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼ ﹶﻨﻌ‪‬ﺕ ﺴ‪‬ﻴ ﹰﻔﺎ ﺁﺨ ‪‬ﺭ ﻴﺸﺒﻬﻪ‬
‫ﺭﺅﻴﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﻌﺭﻜﺔ ﻗﺭﺏ "ﺘﻨﺘﺎﺠل"؛ ﺤﻴﺙ ‪‬ﻭﻟِـ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺨِﻼل ﻫـﺫﻩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻌ‪‬ـﺎﺭِﻙ‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫ﺘﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺒﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺤﺘﻔﻅـﺕ ﺒﺎﻟﺴ‪‬ـﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺘﹶﻠﻘﱠﻰ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻙ ﺁﺭﺜﹶـﺭ ﻀـﺭﺒ ﹰﺔ‬
‫ﺏ ﺼـﻨﻌﻬﺎ ﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺩ ﹶﺓ ﺤ‪‬ـﺭ ٍ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﹶﺘﺩِﻱ ‪‬‬
‫ﺡ ﺁﺭﺜﹶﺭ ﻭ ‪‬ﻫ ِﺯﻡ‪ ،‬ﺇﻻ‬
‫ﺠ ِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺤﺭِﻱ؛ ﻓ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ ﹰﺓ ﻤﻥ ﺴـﻴﻔﻪ "ﺇﻜﺴـﻜﺎﻟﻴﺒﻭﺭ"‬
‫"ﻤﺭﻟﻴﻥ" ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻻ ﺘﻨﻔﺫ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﻬﺎﻡ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘﻌ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﺴﻴﻔﹶﻪ "ﺇﻜﺴﻜﺎﻟﻴﺒﻭﺭ" ﻗﹶﺒ َ‬
‫ﺃﻨﻪ ﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼﺭِﻉ‪" ‬ﻤﻭﺭﺩﺭﺩ"‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻓ ‪‬‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻷﺴ‪‬ـﺭ‪‬ﻯ‪،‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻨ ﹶﻘ ﹶﺫ ﹶﻜﺜِﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤﻥ ﺍ َ‬
‫ﻤﻨﻪ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻴﻑ "ﺇﻜﺴـﻜﺎﻟﻴﺒﻭﺭ" ﺒﺤﺠـﺔ‬
‫ﺁﺭﺜﹶﺭ؛ ﻓﺎﺸﺘﺒﻙ ﻤﻌـﻪ ﺍﻟﻤﻠـﻙ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫‪٥١‬‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫ﺴﻴﺭ ﺒـﺩﻴﻔﻴﺭ ﺃﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﻌﻴـ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻴﻘﺎل ﺇﻥ*ﺃﺜﻴﻨـﺎ ﺃﻭ* ﺒﻭﺴـﺎﻴﺩﻭﻥ‪،‬‬
‫ﻁ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ﹶﻐ ‪‬ﺭﺭ‪ ‬ﺒﺂﺭﭽ‪‬ﻭﺱ؛ ﻓﺠﻌﻠﹶﻪ ‪‬ﻴ ِﻐ ﱡ‬
‫ﺤﻴ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭﺓِ‪،‬‬
‫ﻱ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺴ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺩ ِﺓ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺤﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻀﻌﺎﻫﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻤﺎﺀ ﻟﺘﻬﺩﻱ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬
‫ﻋﻴ‪‬ﻭﻨﹶﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱠﻭﻡ ﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺘﹶﻠ ‪‬ﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻗﺘﻠﻌﺕ ﻫﻴﺭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﺫﻫﺏ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﺍﻴﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴﺩ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺭﺯ‪‬ﺕ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻴﺭﺓ ﻭﺍﺨﺘﻁﻔﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻑ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ‬
‫ﺠ ﹸﻨـ‬
‫ـﺎ ِﺭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤـ‬
‫ـﻲ ِﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺭﻭﻱ‬
‫ـﻭﺏ‪ .‬ﻭﺘـ‬
‫ﻓـ‬
‫ﺃﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﻴﻭﻨﺎﻨﻴﺔ ﺃﺨﺭﻯ ﺃﻨﻬـﺎ ﺃﻭ‪‬ل‬
‫ل ﻁﺎﻭ‪‬ﻭﺴِﻬﺎ ﻜﹶﺤﻠﻲٍ‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﻨ ﹶﺜ ‪‬ﺭ ﹾﺘﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺫﹶﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺍﺨﺘﻔﺕ ﺒﻪ ﺘﺤﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﺜـﻡ ﺤﻤـل‬
‫ﺼ ِﻨ ‪‬ﻊ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺒﺤﺭ‬
‫ﻗﺎﺭِﺏ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ *ﺃﻭﺩﻴﺴﻴﻭﺱ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬
‫)‪ (٢‬ﹶﻜ ﹾﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﻴﻪ ﺩﺍﻨﺎﻭﺱ ﻭﺩﺍﻨﻴﺩﺱ ﻤﻥ ﻤِﺼـ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﻑ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻋﻨـﺩ ﻋﻭﺩﺘـﻪ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﹶﺘﻌ‪ ‬ﺭ ﹶ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺠﺯﻴﺭﺓ ﺭﻭﺩﺱ‪.‬‬
‫ﺠﻭﻻﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺠﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷُﺴـﻁﹸﻭﺭﺓ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺱ ﺁﺭﺜﺭ ﺒ ‪‬ﺩ ﹸﻨﻭ‪ ‬ﺃﺠِﻠ ِﻪ ﻓﹶـَﺄﻤ‪‬ﺭ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭَﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﱠﻫﺒﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻜـﻭﻟﺨﻴﺱ ‪،Colchis‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺒ‪ ‬ﹶﻘ ِﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﺴﺘﻁﺎﻉ *ﻫِﻴﺭﻤﻴﺱ ﺃﻥ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﻙ ﺁﺭﺜﹶـﺭ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﺴﻴﺭ ﺒﺩﻴﻔﻴﺭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻠِـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴﻔِﻴ ﹶﻨ ﹲﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺎﻁﺊ؛ ﺤﻴﺙ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ ﹶﺘﻀِـﺭ‪،‬‬
‫ﻙ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﻤِل ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻠِـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﺩ‪‬ﺕ ِﻟ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ُﺃ ِ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻨﻘﺴﻤﺕ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻜﹶﻭ ﹶﻜ ‪‬ﺒ ﹸﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺃﺯﻤﻨﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴﻘﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﺴ ِﺒﻴ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺜﻼﺙ ﹶﻜ ‪‬ﻭﻜﹶﺒـﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﺤﺩِﻴ ﹶﺜ ٍﺔ ِﻨ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫)‪ (٣‬ﺼﺎ ِﻨ ‪‬ﻊ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻔﻴﻨﺔ *ﺃﺭﭽ‪‬ـﻭ‪،‬‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺃﺨﻭﺍﺘﻪ ﺍﻟـﺜﻼﺙ ﻏﻴـﺭ‬
‫ﻟﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻙ ﺁﺭﺜﹶـﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﻘﺎل ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤِﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴﻔِﻴﻥ‪،‬‬
‫ﺼﻐﻴﺭﺓ؛ ﻫﻲ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﺠ‪‬ﺅﺠ‪‬ﺅ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﻨﺩ‪ ‬ﺭﺃﺴ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻪ ﻓـﻲ ﺤِﺠـﺭ ﺃﺨﺘـﻪ‬
‫َﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ﹶﻜ ‪‬ﻭﺜﹶــل ﺃﻭ ﻤ‪‬ــ َﺅﺨﱠﺭ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ــﻔِﻴﻨﺔ‪،‬‬
‫"ﻤﻭﺭﺠﺎﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﺠﻨﻴـﺔ"‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻋﻠﹶـﻥ ﺃﻨـﻪ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ﱢﻨﻘﹶﺎﺏ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺸﱢﺭﺍﻉ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﻤﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺠﺯِﻴﺭ‪‬ﺓ ﺃﻓـﺎﻟﻭﻥ‪،‬‬
‫ﺴﻭﻑ ﻴ‪‬ﺴﺎﻓِﺭ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁِﻠﻘﹸﻭﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﺴﻡ َﺃ ‪‬ﺭﭽ‪‬ـﻭ‪.‬‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ﺱ ﻜﺎﻨﻭﺍ ﻴﺘﺭﻗﱠﺒـﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺃﺤﺩ"‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴﻔِﻴﻨﹶﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺎل ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔﹶﻠﻜِﻴ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺘـﺎﺒﻴ‪‬ﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﻭﺩﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻌﺘﻘﺩﻭﻥ ﺃﻨﻪ ﺴﻴﻅﻬﺭ ﻴﻭﻤ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﻙ ﻨﹸﻭﺡ‪.‬‬
‫ﺇﻨﱠﻬﺎ ﻓﹸ ﹾﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﻻ ﻴﻌﻭﺩ ﻤﻨـﻪ‬
‫ﺜﻡ ﹶﺫﻫ‪‬ﺏ‪ ‬ﺇﻟﻰ "ﻤﻜﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻋﻬ‪‬ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫‪‬ﺭﺒ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺃﹶﺭ‪‬ﭼ‪‬ﻮ ﺃﻭ ﺃﹶﺭ‪‬ﭼ‪‬ﻮ ﻧﺎﭬِﻴﺲ‬
‫ﺴﻬ‪‬ﻴل ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻼﱠﻤﻊ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻡ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﻨ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﺩ ﱠﻓ ِﺔ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻜ ‪‬ﻭ ﹶﻜﺒ‪‬ـ ِﺔ َﺃ ‪‬ﺭﭽ‪‬ـﻭ )ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﻔِﻴﻨﹶﺔ(‬
‫ﺴﻤ‪‬ﻰ ﺃﭽﺎﺴﺘﻴﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻫـﺫﻩ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻜ ‪‬ﻭ ﹶﻜﺒ‪‬ـ ﹸﺔ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼ ِﺭ ‪‬ﻴﺔِ‪،‬‬
‫ﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟ ِﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻷ‪‬‬
‫ﹸﺘﺭ‪‬ﺍ ِﺩﻑﹸ‪ ،‬ﻓﻲ ﺍ ُ‬
‫ﻑ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻜ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺓ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺠﻨﹸﻭ ِﺒﻲ‪ ،‬ﺸﺭﻗﻲ ﹶﻜﻠﹾﺏ ﺁﺭﭼ‪‬ﻮﺱ‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬
‫ِﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻹﻏﺭِﻴ ِﻘ ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻔﻴﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫‪‬ﺭ ِﻜ ‪‬ﺒﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺠﺎﺴ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻭﺭﺠﺎﻟﹸﻪ ﺍﻟﺨﻤﺴﻭﻥ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻨﻁﻠﻘﻭﺍ ﺒﻬﺎ ﻴﺒﺤﺜﻭﻥ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻟﺠِـﺯ‪‬ﺓ‬
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‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺓ ﺍﻟﻬِﻨﺩ ‪‬ﻴﺔِ؛ ﻭﻫﻭ ﺍﺒـﻥ‬
‫ﻟـــ * ﺃﻨــﺩﺭﺍ‪ .‬ﻭﻗــﺩ َﺃ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭﺩ‪‬ﺕ‬
‫"*ﺍﻟﻤﻬﺎﺒﻬﺎﺭﺍﺘﺎ" ﺃﻥ * ﺃﺭﺠ‪‬ﻭﻨﺎ ﻜﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﺤﺎ ِﺭﺒ‪‬ﺎ ﺸﹸـﺠ‪‬ﺎﻋ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﺭﺍ ِﻤﻴ‪‬ـﺎ ﻤـﺎ ِﻫﺭ‪‬ﺍ‬
‫ﺞ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺠﺒـﺎل‬
‫ﺤ‪‬‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﺸﻬ‪‬ﻭﺭ‪‬ﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺎ ‪‬ﻡ ﺒﺎﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﻤﻼﻴــﺎ ﻻﺴ ِﺘ ‪‬ﺭﻀ‪‬ــﺎﺀ ﺍﻵﻟﻬــﺔ‬
‫ل ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺼَ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻻ ‪‬ﺒ ِﺘﻬ‪‬ﺎل ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻡ؛ ﻟﻜﻲ ﻴ‪ ‬‬
‫‪ARGUS OR ARGOS‬‬
‫ﺠﺒ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ﺫﻭ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﺔ‬
‫ﻕ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻼﹸ‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﺍﻟ ِﻌ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﻴﻥٍ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﺃﺭﺴﻠﺘﻪ *ﻫﻴﺭﺍ ﻟﺤﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺠﹶﻠﺔٍ‬
‫* ﺃﻴﻭ ﺃﺜﻨﺎﺀ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻨﻜﱡﺭﻫﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻫﻴﺌ ِﺔ ﻋِ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎ ِﻭﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻴﺴـﺘﺨﺩﻤﻬﺎ ﻀـﺩ‬
‫ﺃﺴﻠﺤﺔ ‪‬‬
‫"ﺍﻟﻜﻭﺭﺍﻓﻴﻴﻥ"‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻨﻁﻠﹶﻕ ﻤـﻥ ﻫـﺫﻩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠِﺒﺎل ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻤﺎﺭﺍﭭـﺎﺘﻲ‪ ،‬ﻋﺎﺼـﻤﺔ‬
‫ﺠﻨﺔ ﺇﻨـﺩﺭﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻜﺘﺴـﺏ ﻤﻌﺭﻓـﺔ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺠﺒ‪‬ــﺎﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﺘــﺫﻫﺏ ﺍﻷُﺴــﻁﹸﻭﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺜﱠﺎﻟِﺙ ﺒﻴﻨﻬﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺭﺘﻴﺏ ﻜﻤﺎ ﺠﺎ ‪‬ﺀ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫‪ARGO OR ARGO‬‬
‫‪ NAVIS‬ﺇﻴﺯﻴﺱ ِﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﻭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻁﱡﻭﻓﹶﺎﻥ‪.‬‬
‫‪ARJUNA‬‬
‫َﺃ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺯ ُﺃ ‪‬ﻤﺭ‪‬ﺍ ِﺀ ﺒﺎﻨـﺩﺍﭭﺎ ﺍﻟﺨﻤﺴـﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺏ ﻓﻘـﺩ ﺴ‪‬ـﻤ‪‬ﻭﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﺒﺎﺴـﻡ‬
‫ﺃﻤﺎ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹸﻔﻠﹾﻙ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﺍﺴﺘﻘﻠﱠﻪ *ﺃﻭﺯﻴﺭﻴﺱ ﻭ*‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻔﻴﻨﺔ؛ ﻭﻫﻲ ﻜﹶﻭﻜﹶﺒﺔ ﻀﺨﻤﺔ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺃﺭﺟ‪‬ﻮﻧ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﻟﻴﻨﺼﺭ ﺒﻼﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻨﺸﺭ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻼﻡ ﺒـﻴﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺒﻥ *ﻓﺭﻴﻜﺴﻭﺱ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺃﺭﻴﺴﺘﻭﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺴﺎﻋﺩﺘﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺘﹶﺤﺴﻴﻥ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﺍﻩ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻤﺠﺎل ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ ﺍﻷﺴﻠﺤﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﺭﺴـﻠﻪ‬
‫ﺇﻨﺩﺭﺍ ﺇﻟﻰ "ﺍﻟـﺩﺍﻴﺘﻴﻴﻥ" ﻓﻬـﺯﻤﻬﻡ‪.‬‬
‫‪٥٢‬‬
‫ﻼ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺒﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﻜﺭﺸﻨﺎ ﻋ‪‬ﺠ‪‬ﹶﻠ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭِﻩ ﺍﻹﻟﻪ ﺁﺭﺱ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﻤ‪‬ﺭﺍ ِﺩﻓﹰﺎ‬
‫ﺼﻠﹶﻬﺎ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻜﻤ‪‬ـﻥ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻁﱠﺒﻴﻌـ ِﺔ‬
‫ﺃﻥ َﺃ ‪‬‬
‫"ﺍﻟﺒﻬﺎﺠﺎﭭﺎﺩ – ﺠﻴﺘﺎ"‪.‬‬
‫ﺱ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﻤﺎﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﻟـﻡ‬
‫ﻟﻺﻟﻪ *ﻤﺎ ِﺭ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺤ ِﺭ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ ﻜﺎﻨـﺕ ﻟﻠـﺯ‪‬ﺭﻉ‬
‫ﻴﻜﻥ ﻟﻬﺫﺍ ﺍﻹﻟﻪ ﺸـﺄﻥ ﻴ‪‬ـﺫﻜﹶﺭ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺱ ﻭﻻ‬
‫ﻕ ﺍﻟﻐﹶـﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨﻔِـ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﻤﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺩ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ﺨ ِﺩ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﺴـﻤ‪‬ﻪ ﻟِﻴﺼـ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﻘﹸـﻭ‪‬ﺓ‬
‫ﺴ ﹸﺘ ﹾ‬
‫ﻭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼﹶﻠ ﹲﺔ ِﺒ ‪‬ﺒ ﹾﺫ ِﺭ ﺍﻟﺤﺒـﻭﺏ‪.‬‬
‫ﺱ ﻟﻬﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻁﻘﹸﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺒﻴﺔ ﻟِﹶﻠﻌ‪ ‬ﺩﻭ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﺘﻐﻠﱠﺏ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ‬
‫ﺽ ﻭُﺃﻟﱢﻬـﺕ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻷﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸﱢ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻜﺫﺍ ﹸ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺩ ِﺓ ﺁﻟﻬﺘﻬﻡ ﺯﻴـﻭﺱ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴﻕ ﺒ ‪‬ﻤﺴ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﻭﻗﺕ ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﺎﺌﺩ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﻭ* ﺃﺒﻭﻟــﻭ ﻭ* ﺃﺜﻴﻨــﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﺘــﺭﻭﻱ‬
‫ﺸﺎﻋ‪‬ﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﹸﻜﻠﱢـﻪ ﺘﻘﺭﻴﺒ‪‬ـﺎ ﺃﻥ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﻭﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﺤﺎﺭ‪‬ﺏ "ﺍﻟﻜﻭﺭﺍﻓﻴﻴﻥ" ﻗـﺎ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺘﹸﻪ ﻓـﻲ ﺃﻜﺴـﻭﻡ )ﺒﺈﺜﻴﻭﺒﻴـﺎ(‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﺤﻭل "ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﺍﻷﻡ"‪ .‬ﻭﻴﺒﺩﻭ‬
‫ﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﺫ ﹶﻜ ‪‬ﺭ ﹶﻟﺩ‪‬ﻯ‬
‫ﺸ ْﺄ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻴﺱ ﻷﺭﺠﻭﻨﺎ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻬﻨﺩﻭﺱ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺤ ‪‬ﺩﺜِﻴﻥ‪.‬‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺇﺭ‪‬ﺩِﻟﹾﻴِــــﻲ )ﭼــــﺎﻧ‪‬ﻮﺱ‬
‫ﺇِﺭ‪‬ﺩِﻟﹾﻴِﻲ(‬
‫‪JANOS ERDELYI‬‬
‫ـﺎﺭﻱ‪،‬‬
‫ـﻭﻑ ﻫِﻨﻐـ‬
‫ﺴـ‬
‫ـﺏ ﻭ ﹶﻓ ‪‬ﻴﹶﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﻜﺎ ِﺘـ‬
‫ﺍﺸﺘﻬﺭ ﺒﺠﻤﻌﻪ ﻟﻸﻏـﺎﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻌﺒﻴﺔ‬
‫ـﺎل‬
‫ـﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻷﻤﺜـ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﺸـ‬
‫ـﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺤﻜﹶﺎﻴ‪‬ـ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺠﻤ‪‬ﻭﻋـ ﹲﺔ‬
‫ﺸﺭ‪‬ﺕ ﻟﻪ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻬﻨﻐﺎﺭﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹸﻨ ِ‬
‫ﻀﻡ‪ ‬ﻗﺼـﺎ ِﺌ ‪‬ﺩ ﻭﺤِﻜﺎﻴ‪‬ـﺎﺕ ﺸـﻌﺒﻴﺔ‬
‫ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠ ِﺭﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺜﻼﺜﺔ ﻤ‪‬ﺠﻠﱠﺩﺍﺕ )‪١٨٤٦‬‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺘﻀﻡ ﺜﻼﺜﻤﺎﺌﺔ ﺃﻏﻨﻴﺔ ‪‬ﻭﻁِﻨﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻭﺘﺴـ ‪‬ﻊ‬
‫ﻋﺸﺭ ﹶﺓ ﺤِﻜﹶﺎﻴﺔﹰ ﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﻭ‪ ٧٣٦٢‬ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻤﺜﺎل ﺒﻌﺩ ﻋﺎﻡ ﻤﻥ ‪‬ﻭﻓﹶﺎﺘِﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺠﻴ‪‬ـﺔٍ‪،‬‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﻴ ٍﺔ ﻭ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻤ ِ‬
‫ﺤِ‬
‫ل ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺃﻋﻤﺎ ٍ‬
‫*ﺃﻓﺭﻭﺩﻴﺕ ﺃﻭ ﻋﺸﻴﻘﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺠـﺎﺀ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭ ِﺓ ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴﻘﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻜـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﺭﺍ ِﺩﻑﹸ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺩﻴﺎﻨـ ِﺔ ﺍﻟ ِﻤﺼ‪‬ـ ِﺭ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺎﻨﻴﺔ ﺃﻭﻨـﻭﺭﻴﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻨﺘﺸـﺭﺕ‬
‫ﻥ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻤﻜﱠـ ‪‬‬
‫ِﻗ ‪‬ﺩ ٍﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌ ِﺩ ِ‬
‫ﻥ*‬
‫ﻷﺭ‪‬ﺽ‬
‫ﺸﺄَﺕ ﺃُﺴـﻁﹸﻭﺭﺓ "ﺍ َ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻜﺫﺍ ﹶﻨ ﹶ‬
‫ﺴﺭ‪‬ﺍﺤِﻪ ﺒﻌـﺩ‬
‫ﻫﻴﺭﻤﻴﺱ ﻤﻥ ﺇﻁﻼﻕ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷُﻡ" ﻭ"ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻷﺏ"؛ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺒﻭﺩﺓ‬
‫‪ ١٣‬ﺸﻬﺭ‪‬ﺍ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ ‪‬ﺭﻭ‪‬ﻯ *ﻫﻭﻤﻴﺭﻭﺱ‬
‫ل ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻘ ِﺒ ُ‬
‫ل ﺒ ‪‬ﻌﻁﹶﺎﺌِﻬﺎ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨُ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻻ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺒ ﹶ‬
‫ـﺎ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺤﻜﺎﻴ ـ ﹰﺔ ‪‬ﻤﺭِﺤ ـ ﹰﺔ ﺠ ـﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻓﻴﻬـ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﻅ ِﻬ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻘﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﹲ‬
‫ﺃﻁﻭﺍﺌﻬﺎ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻭﺘﹶﻰ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﹸ ﹾ‬
‫ﻫﻴﻔﺎﻴﺴـــﺘﻭﺱ ‪Hephaestus‬‬
‫ﺸﺎﺌِﻌﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻜﺜﻴﺭ ﻤﻥ ِﺒﻘﹶﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﻌـﺎﻟﹶﻡ؛‬
‫ﻀﺒﻁﻪ ﻓﻲ ﻤﻭﻗﻑ ﻏﺭﺍﻤﻲ ﺸـﺎﺌِﻥ‬
‫ﻤﺜل ﺃﻤﺭﻴﻜﺎ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻏـﺭﺏ‬
‫ﻤﻊ* ﺃﻓﺭﻭﺩﻴـﺕ؛ ﻓـﺄﻟﻘﻰ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺇﻓﺭﻴﻘﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻨﻐﻭﻟﻴـﺎ ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫـﺎ؛ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺴﺭ‪‬ﻫﻤﺎ ﺃﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻵﻟﻬـﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﺒ ﹶﻜﺔﹰ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫ‪ ‬ﹶﺘﻙ‪ِ ‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﺘﻌﺭ‪‬ﻀﺎ ﻟﻠﺴ‪‬ﺨﺭِﻴﺔ ﻭﻫﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻫـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺨﺯِﻱ‪ .‬ﻭﻗـﺩ ‪‬ﻭﺼ‪‬ـ ﹶﻔ ‪‬ﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻑ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾ‬
‫ﻱ‬
‫ﺤﻅﹶﻰ ﺒﺄ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴﻭﻓﻭﻜﻠﻴﺱ ﺒﺄﻨﻪ "ﺇﻟﻪ ﻻ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﺤﺘﺭﺍ ٍﻡ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻵﻟِﻬﺔ"‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻷَﺭ‪‬ﺽ‬
‫ﻷ ‪‬ﺭﺽِ ﺘﺼـﺤﺒﻪ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺘﻰ ﻓﻲ ﺍ َ‬
‫‪‬ﺩ ﹾﻓ ‪‬‬
‫ﺱ‬
‫ﺸﻌ‪‬ﺎ ِﺌ ِﺭ ﺍﻟﻐﹶـ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ﺸﻌِﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﹲﺓ ﻤﻥ ﹶ‬
‫ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ﺎ ﹶ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﺡ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻴ‪‬ـ ِ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺯﺭ‪‬ﺍﻋﺔِ؛ ﺫﻟﻙ ﻷﻥ ﺭ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﺠِﺴ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻤﺭﺃﺓ ﻟﺘﺨﺭﺝ ﻤـﺭ ﹰﺓ‬
‫ﺨُ‬
‫ﻗﺩ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺩ ﹸ‬
‫‪EARTH‬‬
‫ﻷ ‪‬ﺭﺽِ ﻗﺩﻴﻤـ ﹰﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻘﺩ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻋِﺒﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﹸﺓ ﺍ َ‬
‫ﺸ ِﺒ ‪‬ﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺓ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﻭﻏِﹶﻠﺔﹰ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ِﻘ ‪‬ﺩﻡِ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﺘﹸ ﹾ‬
‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻌِﺒﺎﺩ‪‬ﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻅﻬـﺭﺕ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭﻜﱠـ ‪‬ﺯ ﻫـﺫﻩ‬
‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ ﻤﻨﻪ ﻓـﻲ ﺼ‪‬ـﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺓ ﻤ‪‬ﻭﻟﹸـﻭ ٍﺩ‬
‫ﺠ‪‬ﺩﻴﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻜﺫﺍ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻤﺜل ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺘﻘﺩﺍﺕ ﺇﻟﻬﺔ ﺘﹶﺤـﺭِﻴﻡ‪،‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﻭ ﺍﺒﻥ *ﺯﻴﻭﺱ ﻭ*ﻫﻴﺭﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻭﺝ‬
‫* ﺍﻷﻟﻭﺍﺩﻱ ﺃﻭﺜﻘﺎﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺤﺒﺴـﺎﻩ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺃﻨﺜﻰ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺼـﺒﺤﺕ "ﺍﻹﻟﻬـﺔ ﺍﻷﻡ"‪،‬‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫‪ARES‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻤﺜﱢل ﻜل ﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺇﻟ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭ ﹸﺓ ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴﻘﻴﺔ ﺃﻥ ﻋﻤﻼﻗـﻲ‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻨﺘِﺠ‪ ‬ﹶﺔ ﻟﻠﺜﱢﻤﺎﺭ ﺍﻋﺘﺒـﺭﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺭ ‪‬‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫– ‪ ،(١٨٤٨‬ﻭﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋــﺔ ﺃﺨــﺭﻯ‬
‫ﺁﺭِﺱ‬
‫ـﻭﺕ‪،‬‬
‫ـﻼﻕ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻼﱠﻫـ‬
‫ـﺎل ﺍﻷﺨـ‬
‫ﻤﺠـ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫"‪١٨٦٨ – ١٨١٤‬ﻡ"‬
‫ﻴﺄﺘﻲ ‪‬ﺒ ﹶﺜ ‪‬ﻤﺭ‪‬ﺍﺘِـﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻨﺸﹸـﻭ ‪‬ﺩﺓِ؛ ﻓﺘﹸﻘـﺎ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻻﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻴﺴﺘﻭﻋﺏ ﹶﺘﺼ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﺵ ﺃﺭﻭﺍﺡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻔﻠﻲ‪‬؛ ﺤﻴﺙ ﺘﻌﻴ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻭﺘﹶﻰ‪.‬‬
‫‪٥٣‬‬
‫ـﺎ‬
‫ـل ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻭﻁﺒﻴﻌﺘﻬـ‬
‫ـﻥ ﺃﺼـ‬
‫ﻋـ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺠـﺎل‬
‫ﻴﺴﺘﻘﺒل ﺍﻟﻨﱢﺴﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻤ‪‬ﻭﻜِـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻙ ﻓﻲ ﻴ‪‬ـﺩِﻫﺎ‬
‫ﺴ‪‬‬
‫ﺼ‪‬ﻔﺭ‪‬ﺍﺀ ﺫﻫﺒﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﹸ ‪‬ﻤ ِ‬
‫ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻷُﺴـﻁﹸﻭﺭﺓ‬
‫ﻥ ﺃﻗﺩﺍﻤﻬﻥ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﻴﺘﻘﺩ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﺴ ﹾﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺌﺩﻴﻥ ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻐ ِ‬
‫ﻅ ‪‬ﻬﺭ‪ ‬ﹶﻜ ‪‬ﺒﺵٍ‪.‬‬
‫ﺤﺒﻼﹰ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘﻁِﻲ ﹶ‬
‫ﻤﺎﺩﺓ ﻟﻡ ﺘﺤﻅ ﺒﺎﻟﺘﱠﺸﺨِﻴﺹ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ل ﻭﻫـﻡ‬
‫ﺏ ﺤﺎﻓِـ ٍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﻓﻲ ﻤﻭﻜـ ٍ‬
‫ﻥ ﺃﻨﻔﺴﻬﻡ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﻲ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻜﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ ِﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻜﻲ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﻗﺎﻉ ﺍﻟ ِﻤﻴ‪‬ﺎ ِﻩ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻜ ‪‬ﻭ ِﻨﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﻁﺎﺌﻔﺔ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺠﻬِـﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻴ‪‬ﺭ ﹸﻗﺼ‪‬ﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴ‪‬ﻁﻔِـﺭ‪‬ﻭﻥ ‪‬ﻤ ﱠﺘ ِ‬
‫ﺝ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺍﺭ ﻤﺎ ﻴﺸـﺒﻪ‬
‫ﻓﻭﻕ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺏ ﺨﺎ ِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺩ ﻟﻬﺫﻩ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻫِﻥ؛ ﻭﺍﻟﺫﻱ ُﺃ ِ‬
‫ﺤﻭ‪ ‬ﺒ‪‬ﻴ ِ‬
‫ﹶﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌﺩ‪‬ﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓﻴﻪ ﺠ‪‬ﻤﺠ‪‬ﻤـﺔ ﻜﹶـ ‪‬ﺒﺵٍ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻥ ﺒﺎﻷﺯﻫﺎﺭ ﻭﺃﻭﺭﺍﻕ‬
‫ﺴﺒ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺯ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻨﹶﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻨﻭ‪‬ﻋﺔ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻷﺸـﻴﺎﺀ‬
‫ﺝ ﺒﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﺯﻭ‪‬ﺍ ٍ‬
‫ل ‪‬ﻤ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺠﺭِ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻤﺜﱠ ُ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺜﱠﻤﻴﻨﺔ؛ ﻤﺜل ﺭﻗﺎﺌِﻕ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟـﺫﱠﻫﺏ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﺤﻜﻲ ﺃﺴﺎﻁﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﻜﺜﻴﺭﺓ ﻭ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻨﻭ‪‬ﻋﺔ‬
‫ﻑ ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻴﺔ‬
‫ل ﹶﻓ ِﺘﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ‪‬ﻤﺸﹶﺎ ِﺭ ِ‬
‫ﺠٍ‬
‫‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﺭﺘﺩﻱ "ﺨـﻭﻥ ﻤـﺎ" ﺃﺜﻭﺍﺒ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻁﻴﺭ ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ ﻗﺩ ﺒﺭﺯﺕ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺜﺎﻟِﺜﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻁﻴﺭ ﻴﻌﺘﻘﺩ ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﺠﺴﻡ‬
‫ﺵ ﻓﺎﺭﻗﺘـﻪ‬
‫ﺠﺜﱠﺔ ‪‬ﻭﺤ‪‬ـ ٍ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻪ ‪‬ﻤﻴ‪‬ﺕ ﺃﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺽ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘﻘِ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻷﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﹸﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ل ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﻐﻨﱡــﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﻁﱡﺒــﻭ َ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻘ ‪‬ﺭﻋ‪‬ــﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺸﻴﺎﻁﻴﻥ "ﺨﻭﻥ ﻤﺎ"؛ ﻓﺈﻨﻬﻡ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺜ ‪‬ﺒﺘﹸـﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﺘِﻪ ﺭﻤـﺯﹰﺍ ﻻﺘﱢﺤـﺎ ِﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻫِﻥ ﻭ ‪‬ﺯ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ِﻔﻀ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹸﻓﺼ‪‬ﻭﺹ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔ ‪‬ﻴﺭ‪‬ﻭﺯ‪،‬‬
‫ﺨﺫﹸﻭﻥ ﺃﻤﺎﻜِﻨﻬﻡ ﻋﻨـﺩ‬
‫ﻴﺤﻤﻠﻬﺎ ﺁﻟﻬﺔ ‪‬ﻴ ﱠﺘ ِ‬
‫ﻷ ‪‬ﺭﺽِ‪ .‬ﻭﺒﻌﺩ ﺫﻟﻙ ﻴﻌﻭﺩ‬
‫ﺱ ﻭﺍ َ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻤ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻤِﻘﺩ‪‬ﺍﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﻁﻌﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻓﺔ ﻜﺎﻷﺭﺯ‬
‫ﺃﺭﻜﺎﻨِﻬﺎ ﺍﻷﺭﺒﻌـﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻌـل ﻫـﺫﻩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻴ ‪‬ﻊ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﺭﺍﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﻁﱠﻌـﺎ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﺤﻤ‪‬ﺹ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻭل‪ ،‬ﻭﺼﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻤﺢ ﻭﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺼﻭ‪‬ﺭﺍﺕ ﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺒﺏ ﻓﻲ ﻨﺸـﺄﺓ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻠﱠﻬﻭ ﻭﻴﺭﻗﺼﻭﻥ ﻭﻴﻨﺸﺩﻭﻥ ﺒﻌﺽ‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺘﻤ‪‬ﺎ ِﺜﻴل ﻟﺭﺠل ﻭﺍﻤـﺭﺃﺓ ﻭﺒﻴـﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﻻﺯِلِ؛ ﻷﻨﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻁﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﺨﹶﺎﺼ‪‬ﺔ ﺒﺎﻟ ‪‬ﺯ ﹶ‬
‫ﺨﻠِﻴﻌ‪‬ﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻟﻐـﺭﺽ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻏﺎﻨﻲ ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﺽ ﻤـﻥ ﻭﻀـﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻤﺎﺜِﻴـل‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ﹶﻐ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻭ ﱠﻜﻠﹸﻭﻥ ﺒﺤﻤل ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﺃﻤﺎﻜﻨﻬﻡ؛‬
‫"ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﺍﻷﻡ" ﻟﻜﻲ ﹶﺘﺠ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺩ ﺒﺜﻤﺭﺍﺘﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ـﺕ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﺒﻴـ‬
‫ـﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺨـ‬
‫ـﻰ ‪‬ﺩ ﹸ‬
‫ﺃﺼ ـﺭ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﻋﻠـ‬
‫ل‪ .‬ﻭﻴﻌﺒـﺩ‬
‫ﻻ ِﺯ ُ‬
‫ﺍﻫﺘﺯ‪‬ﺕ ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺍﻟـﺯ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﻁﻘﹸﻭﺱ ﺃُﺨـﺭﻯ ﺘـﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﹸ‬
‫ل ﻭﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ـﻭﺭ‪‬؛‬
‫ﻭﺇﻴﻬﺎﻤﻬﻡ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻤﺎﺜﻴـ َ‬
‫ﺽ‬
‫ـﺎل ﺍﻷﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺎﻟﻲ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﻐـ‬
‫ﺽ ﺃﻫـ‬
‫ﺒﻌ ـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺒﺤﻤﺎﻴﺔ ﺍﻹﻨﺴـﺎﻥ ﻤـﻥ ﺸﹶـﻴ‪‬ﺎﻁِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﻴـﺕ ﺃﻨﻔﺴـﻬﻡ‪،‬‬
‫ﺴﻜﱠﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺇﻨﻤﺎ ﻫﻲ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﻋـﺎ ٍﻡ‬
‫ﻥ ﻜـ ﱠ‬
‫ﺤ ﹶﺘ ِﻔﻠﹸـﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ َﺅﱢﻟﻬ‪‬ﻭﻨﹶﻬﺎ ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻼ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‪ .‬ﻓﻔﻲ ﺇﻗﻠﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﺒـﺕ ﻤـﺜ ﹰ‬
‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ ﻋﻨـﺩﻤﺎ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﺯﻫِـ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻷﺸـﺠﺎﺭ‪،‬‬
‫ﺤﺼ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ ﻟﻬـﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫـﻡ‬
‫ﺸﻴ‪‬ﺎﻁِﻴﻥ‪ ‬ﻻ ‪‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ل ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺤﻭ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺎﻟﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﺤ ِﺘﻔﹶﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻭﻴﻜﻭﻥ ﺍﻻ ‪‬‬
‫ﻴﺨﺸﻭﻨﻬﺎ ﻭﻴﺅﻤﻨـﻭﻥ ﺒـﺄﻥ ﻫـﺫﻩ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟﺠ‪‬ﻤﻴ ‪‬ﻊ ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﻠﹸﻭ ﹸﺫ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺠـﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺴ ِﺘ ِ‬
‫" ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻷﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺎﻁﻴﻥ ﺘﺨﻀـﻊ ِﻟﺴ‪‬ـ ﹾﻠﻁﹶﺎ ِ‬
‫ل ﺃﺤ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻜﻬ‪ ‬ﹶﻨﺔِ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﻁﻘﹸﻭﺱ ﻴﺘﻭﺴ‪ُ ‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﻐﺎﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻘﺩ‪‬ﺴـﺔ‪ ،‬ﺒﻴﻨﻤـﺎ ﻴﺠﺘﻤـﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺠ‪‬ﻭﺯ "ﺨﻭﻥ ﻤﺎ"؛ ﻭﻫـﻲ ﺘﹸﺸـﺒِﻪ‬
‫"ﻤﺎﻨﻴﺎ" ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﻤﺎﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺍﻷﻡ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﻷﻡ‪ ‬ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺠ‪‬ﻭﺯ "ﺨﻭﻥ ﻤﺎ" ﺃﻥ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻘﺒ‪‬ـ َ‬
‫ﺍُ‬
‫ﺘﻠﻙ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻬﺩ‪‬ﺍﻴﺎ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺨِﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻥ ﺘﹸﻭﺼِـ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ل ﺒﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﻁﱠﻴ ِﺭ‬
‫ﻭﻴﻘﻭﻡ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺠﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺠﺩ‪‬ﺓ ﻟﻸَﺸﺒﺎﺡ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤﺎ ﺘﻅﻬﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺘﻭﺤﺔ؛ ﺤﺘﻰ ﻻ‬
‫ﺃﺒﻭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﻗﹸﺭﺒﺎﻨﹰﺎ ﻹﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻤﺱ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﻴﺸـﺭﺒﻭﻥ‬
‫ﻟﻠﻨﱠﺎﺱ‪.‬‬
‫ﺝ ﻤﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻴﺎﻁِﻴﻥ ﻹﻴﺫﺍﺀ ﺃﻫـل‬
‫ﻴﺨﺭ ‪‬‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﹶﻗ ‪‬ﺭﻥِ ﺜﹶﻭ ٍﺭ ﺃﻭ ﻜﺎﻫِل ﺇﻨﺴـﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗـﺩ‬
‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﺘﺤﺭ‪‬ﻙ ﺍﻟﺜﱠﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ﺃﻭ ﺘﺒﺎﺩ‪‬ل ﺍﻵﻟِﻬـﺔ‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫ﻻ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﹶﻜﺘِـ ِ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻴﺔ ﻤ‪‬ﺤﻤ‪‬ﻭ ﹰ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﻥ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻷﺸﻴﺎﺀ ﻭﻴﻨﺠﻭ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﻜﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﺭﻫﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺍﺭ ﺒﻬـﺫﻩ‬
‫ﻭﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﻴﻨﻬﺽ ﺃﻫ ُ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﻭﻴﺭﻗﺼﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﻨﺩﺌﺫ ‪‬ﻴﻌ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟﻜـﺎ ِﻫ ‪‬‬
‫ﺱ ﺃﻥ ﻓــﻲ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‬
‫ﻴﻌﺘﻘــﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﱠــﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﻨِ ﹾﻘﻤ‪‬ﺘﹶﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺙ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻴﺎﻁﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺒﺫﻟﻙ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻔ ﹸ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱢﺴﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻓﻲ ﻤﻨﺯل ﻜـﺎﻫِﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻴـﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻔﺎل ﻜﻠﻪ ﻫـﻭ ﺍﻟﺘـﺄﺜﻴﺭ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ِﺒ ‪‬ﺯﻭ‪‬ﺍﺠِﻬﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻤﺱ "ﺩﺭﺍﻤﻲ"؛‬
‫ﻀﻠِﻴل ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻴﺎﻁﻴﻥ ﺇﺫﺍ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻭﺭ ﻫﻭ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺙ ﺒﺎﻟﺤﻴﺎﺓ ﻭﺍﻷﺤﻴﺎﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺍ ِﺭ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺒ ِ‬
‫‪٥٤‬‬
‫ﺢ‬
‫ﻁ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻹﻤﺒﺭﺍﻁـــﻭﺭﻱ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴﻨﹾـــ ‪‬ﺒ ِ‬
‫ل ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻁﹶﻔﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻁﺢ ﺒﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺃُﺭﺴِ َ‬
‫ﺒﺒﻨﹶﺎﺀ ﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ ﻤـﻥ ﹶﺫﻫ‪‬ـﺏ ﻭ ِﻓﻀ‪‬ـﺔ‬
‫ﺽ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻤﺒﺭﺍﻁﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ﻨﻔﺴﻪ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﻷﺭ ِ‬
‫ل ﺒـﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺤﻤ‪‬ـ َ‬
‫ﺤﻴ‪‬ﺎ ِﺓ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻭﺕِ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﺯ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺭﺠ‪‬ﺩ ﻭﻴﺎﻗﹸﻭﺕ ﻭﻟﹸﺅﹸﻟﺅَ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺃَﻤﺎﻡ‪ ‬ﺨﻤﺱ ﺁﻜﺎﻡ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﱡﺭﺍﺏ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻤﺜﱢـ ُ‬
‫ﻤﺨﺎﻟِﺒﻪ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﻁﱢﻴﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻤﺎل ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬
‫ﺢ ﺍﻟﻤـﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﺜـﻡ‬
‫ﻁِ‬
‫ﺴ ﹾ‬
‫ﻀﻌ‪‬ﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺘﹸﻘﺎ ‪‬ﻡ ﻗﹸﺼﻭﺭ‪‬ﻫﺎ ﻓﻭﻕ ﺃﻋﻤِـﺩﺓ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺱ ﺘﺤـﺕ ﺘﻠـﻙ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺯ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺭﺠ‪‬ﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻏﹶـ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﻨﹸــﻭﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﱠــﺭﻕ ﻭﺍﻟﻐﹶــﺭ‪‬ﺏ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ ِﺭ ‪‬ﻴ ٍﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻤﺘﺩﺕ ﺭﻗﻌﺘﻬﺎ ﺒﻁﺭﻴﻘـ ٍﺔ ﺴِـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹸﻘﺼ‪‬ﻭﺭ ﻭﻓﻲ ﺸـﻭﺍﺭﻉ ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻴﻨـﺔ‬
‫ﺨﺎﺭِﻗ ٍﺔ ﻭﺃﺼـﺒﺤﺕ ﺍﻟﻌـﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﻜﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻋ‪‬ﺎ ﻤ‪‬ﺨﺘﻠِﻔـ ﹰﺔ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻷﺸـﺠﺎﺭ‬
‫ﻑ ﺼ‪‬ﻭﺭﺓﹸ ﺍﻟﺤﻴـﻭﺍﻥ‬
‫ﺨ ﹶﺘﻠِ ﹸ‬
‫ﻨﻌﺭﻓِﻪ‪ .‬ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﺜ ِﻤﺭ‪‬ﺓ‪ ،‬ﺃﺠﺭﻯ ﻤﻥ ﺘﺤﺘﻬﺎ ﺍﻷﻨﻬﺎ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ل ﻓﻴـﻪ ﻏﻴـﺭﻩ‪،‬‬
‫ﻕ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﹶﻓﺸِ َ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ‪‬ﻭ ﱢﻓ ﹶ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﹶﻗﻨﹶﻭﺍﺕٍ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟـﺫﱠﻫﺏ ﻭﺍﻟ ِﻔﻀ‪‬ـﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺼﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭ ِﺭﻱ‪ ‬ﻟﺘﻜـﻭﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺜﻼﺜﻤﺎﺌﺔ ﺴﻨﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﺸﺩ‪‬ﺍﺩ ﻗﺩ ﺒﻠﹶـﻎ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‪.‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺭ ﺘﺴﻌﻤﺎﺌﺔ ﺴﻨﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻋﻨـﺩﻤﺎ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺱ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻴﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺼﺭ‬
‫ﻁﻘﹸﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻥ ﹸ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﻤﻬﻤﺘﻬﺎ ﺤﺘﱠﻰ ﹶﻨﺠ‪‬ﺢ‪ ‬ﺁﺨِـ ‪‬ﺭ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻲ ﻤﺜﻠﹶﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟـﺩ‪‬ﻨﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﻓـﺄﻤﺭ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺒ ِﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠِﻬﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﹶﻤﺱ؛ ﻭﻫـﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻤﺎل‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﻭﻤﺭﻜـــﺯ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻘـــﺩ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻤﺒﺭﺍﻁﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ﺜﹶﻭﺭ‪‬ﺍ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﻴﻘﺩ‪‬ﻡ ﺃﻜﺎﺒ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﺭِﺠﺎل ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻭﻟﺔ ‪‬ﺭﺅُﻭﺴ‪‬ﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﻏﻨـﺎﻡ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﻸﺭ‪‬ﺽ‪.‬‬
‫ﻥ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﹶﻗﺭ‪‬ﺍﺒِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﺎﺨﺘﻼﻑ ﺍﻟﻘﺒﺎﺌل ﺍﻟﻬﻨﺩﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻌ ﹶﺘﻨِﻕ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻡ ﺒﻨﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻫـﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻴﻨـﺔ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺼﻭ‪ ‬ﺭ‬
‫ﻭﻓﻲ ﺃﺴﺎﻁِﻴﺭ ‪‬ﻫﻨﹸﻭﺩ ﻜﺎﻨﻭ ﹸﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺽ ﻓﻲ ﺼ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺓ ﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ ﻀ‪‬ـﺨﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺩﺍﺌﻡ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻐﻭ‪‬ﺹ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ِﻤﻴ‪‬ﺎﻩ‬
‫ﺫﻱ ﹶﻗ ‪‬ﺭﻨﹶﻴ ِ‬
‫ـﺎﺌﺢ‬
‫ﺴـ‬
‫ـﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺎﻥ ﺍﻹﻟـ‬
‫ـﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻜـ‬
‫ﻷﺯ‪‬ﻟ ‪‬ﻴـ‬
‫ﺍَ‬
‫ﺒﻠﻐﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ ﺇِﺭﻡ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻌِﻤﺎﺩ ﻗـﺩ‬
‫ﺇﺭ‪‬ﻡ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻌِﻤﺎﺩ‬
‫ل ﻤﻊ ﻨﺴﺎ ِﺌ ِﻪ ﻭﺠﻭﺍﺭﻴﻪ‬
‫ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻡ ﺒﻨﺎﺅُﻫﺎ ﺭ‪‬ﺤ‪َ ‬‬
‫ﺱ ﻫـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﻨﺎﺠﺎﺒﺸﻭ ﻴﺠﻠﺱ ﻓـﻭﻕ ﺭﺃ ِ‬
‫‪IRAM THAT AL‬‬‫‪ 'IMAD‬ﻭﺴﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ﺒﻬﻡ ﻓﻲ ﻤ‪‬ﻭﻜِﺏ ﻋﻅﻴﻡ ﺤﺘﱠـﻰ‬
‫ﻀ ِﻌ ِﻪ‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﺭ ﻓﻲ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺭ ِﻩ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ‪‬‬
‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﻟﻡ ﻴﺒﻕ ﺒﻴﻨـﻪ ﻭﺒـﻴﻥ ﺇﺭ‪‬ﻡ ﺫﺍﺕ‬
‫ﺠﺴ‪‬ﻡ ﻟﻸﺭﺽ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻭﺠ‪‬ﻬﻪ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﻴ‪‬ﻭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﻌﺘﻘﺩ ﻫﻨﻭﺩ ﻜﺎﻟﻴﻔﻭﺭﻨﻴﺎ ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺃﻗـﺎﻟﻴﻡ ﺃﻤﺭﻴﻜـﺎ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻤﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺃﻥ‬
‫‪‬ﻤﺩِﻴﻨ ﹲﺔ ﹶﻗﺩِﻴﻤﺔ ﻭﺭ‪‬ﺩ ﺫِﻜﺭ‪‬ﻫـﺎ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺕ ﺇﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺭﻴﻡ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﻘﻭل ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﺍﻴﺎ ﹸ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟِﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﺤﺠ‪‬ﺎﺒﻪ ﻭ ﹸﻗﻭ‪‬ﺍﺩﻩ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺨﺩ ِﻤ ِﻪ ﻭﻭﺯﺭﺍﺌﻪ ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻤﺒ‪‬ﺎﻨﻴﻬﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺫﻫﺏ ﻭ ِﻓﻀ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃَﻋ ِﻤﺩ‪‬ﺘﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺤﺼ‪‬ـﺒﺎﺅﻫﺎ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ‪‬ﺯ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺭﺠ‪‬ﺩ ﻭﻴﺎﻗﹸﻭﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌِﻤﺎﺩ ﺇﻻ ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ ﻭﺍﺤـﺩﺓ ﺃﺭﺴ‪‬ـل‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻡ ﺍﷲ ﺼﻴﺤ ﹰﺔ ﺃﻫﻠﻜﺘﻬﻡ ﺠﻤﻴﻌ‪‬ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﺯﻴﺭﺓ"‪.‬‬
‫ﺤﺜﹸﻭﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺃﺴﺎﻁﻴﺭ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟﺒﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻷ ‪‬ﺭﺽِ ﻟﻌل ﺃﻫﻤﻬﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻋ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﻋﻥ ﺍ َ‬
‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠِﻔﺔ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﻴـﻭﺍﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻁﱠﻴـﺭ‬
‫ﺹ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻜﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺴﻠﹶﺕ ﹶﺘﻐﹸﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ُﺃ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ﺨ ﹶﻔﻘﹶﺕ ﺠﻤ ِﻴﻌ‪‬ﻬـﺎ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ﹶﻐﻁﱢﻲ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‪ ،‬ﻭَﺃ ﹾ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﺏ ﻭﻟﺩﻴﻥ ﻫﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﻋﺎﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﺍﻷﻭ‪‬ل ﺃﻨﺠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻫﻠﹶـﻙ ﻋـﺎﺩ‬
‫ﺸﺩِﻴﺩ ﻭ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﻙ ﻤﻥ ﺒﻌﺩﻩ ﺍﺒﻨﹸﻪ ﺸﹶـﺩِﻴﺩ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻭﻟﱠﻰ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺘﻭﻻﱠﻩ ﺸﺩ‪‬ﺍﺩ ﺒﻥ ﻋﺎﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﻤﺎ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﻤ‪‬ﻭﹶﻟﻌ‪‬ﺎ ﺒﻘﺭﺍﺀﺓ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻜﺘﹸﺏ ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻤﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺠﻨﱠ ﹸﺔ ﻭﻤﺎ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻤﻥ ﹸﻗﺼ‪‬ﻭ ٍﺭ‬
‫ﻓﺄﻋﺠﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﺸﺠﺎﺭ ﻭﺜِﻤﺎﺭ؛ ﻓﺩﻋﺘﻪ ﻨﻔﺴﻪ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫"‪١٩٢٥ – ١٨٦٧‬ﻡ"‬
‫ﻋﻠﹶﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻔﻭﻟﻜﻠـﻭﺭ‪،‬‬
‫ﺃﺤ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﻤﺸﹶﺎﻫِﻴ ِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻤﻥ ﺃﻋﻼﻡ ﺒﻬﻠﺴـﻨﺠﻔﻭﺭﺱ ِﻟ ِﻌﻠﹾـﻡ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺃﺨـﺭﻯ‬
‫ﺃﻤﺭﻴﻜﺎ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻤﺎﻟﻴﺔ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻘﺩ‪‬ﺍ ٍ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ـﺭ ﺁﺭﱐ )ﺃﻧﱵ ﺁﺭﱐ (‬
‫ـﻙ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ﹾﻨ ‪‬ﺒـ‬
‫ـﺅ ﻭﺍﻟﻤٍﺴـ‬
‫ـﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﺅﻟـ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﺘﻁﻔﻭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﹶـ ِﺭ ‪‬ﺩ ﻤـ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺃﺴـﺎﻁﻴﺭﻫﻡ ﻋﺒـﺎﺭﺓ "ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻭﺍﻟﺯ‪‬ﻋﻔﹶﺭﺍﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﺫﻫﺏ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﺍﻴ ﹸﺔ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫‪ANTTI AARNE‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﻭﻟﻜﻠــﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻠﻨــﺩﻱ ﺍﻟﻤﻘــﺎﺭ‪‬ﻥ‪،‬‬
‫ﺤﻜﹶﺎﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺨﹸﺭﺍﻓﺔ‬
‫ﺨﺼ‪‬ﺹ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪٥٥‬‬
‫ﻲ ﺍﻟﺠ‪‬ﻐﺭﺍﻓـﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻌـﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺎﺭﻴﺨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ـﺤﻴﺢ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﻜﺎﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺼﺭ‪‬ﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﻅﺭ ﹸﺓ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻨﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺍ ﹾﻗ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺘﹶﻁﻭِﻴ ِﺭﻩِ؛ ﻭﻫﻭ ﺍﻻﺘﱢﺠﺎﻩ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬
‫ل ﺸﺎﻕﱞ؛ ﻭﺫﻟﻙ ﻟﻐﺯﺍﺭﺓ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﻤ ٌ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ِﺔ ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻁِﻴﺭ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﻤﺎﺩ‪‬ﺓ ﻤ‪‬ﻌﺎ ِﻭﻨﹶﺔ ِﻟﺩِﺭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﺩﺃﻩ ﺍﻟﻌﺎِﻟ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻠﻨﺩﻱ "ﻜﺎﺭل ﻜﺭﻭﻥ"‪.‬‬
‫ﺼﻌ‪‬ﻭﺒﺔ ﺠ‪‬ﻤـﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩ‪‬ﺓ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﺭﻭﺴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﺩ ﻟﺫﺍﺘِﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺏ ﺃﻥ ﺘﹸﻘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬‬
‫ﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻭﺍ ِ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ـﻰ ﺤﺭﻜـ‬
‫ـﺭﻓﻴﻥ ﻋﻠـ‬
‫ـﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺸـ‬
‫ﺃﻫـ‬
‫ﺼﻌ‪‬ﻭﺒﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺏ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴﺘﹶﻐﱠﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺁﺭﻨـﻲ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻭﻀﺤﺕ ﺩِﺭﺍﺴ‪‬ﺎ ﹸ‬
‫‪‬ﻴﻔِﻴ ‪‬ﺩ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻭﻗـﺕ ﻨﻔﺴـﻪ ﺠﻤﻬـﺭﺓ‬
‫ل ﺇﻥ ﺍﻷﺠﺯ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﺀ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔِﻜﺭ ﹶﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﹶﺘ ﹸﻘﻭ ُ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺍﺭِﺴﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﻭﻟﻜﻠﻭﺭﻴ‪‬ﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﻭﺼ‪‬ـل‬
‫ﺏ ﻟﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺒﻘـﺎﺀ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﻜﺎﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﻜ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﻤﻌﺎﻭﻨﺔ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻠﹶﻤﺎﺀ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻓﻜـﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺤـﺎ ِﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺌﻴﺴِـ ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﺔ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ـﺎ ِﻩ‬
‫ﺸـ ‪‬ﺭﺍﺡ ﺍﻻﺘﱢﺠـ‬
‫ـﺎﻥ َﺃ ‪‬ﻫـ ‪‬ﻡ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﻜـ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ﻻﺤ‪‬ﻅ ﻓﻲ ﹸﻜ ﹸﺘ ِﺒ ِﻪ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﺎﺒﻘﺔ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒِ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺔ ﻻ ﻗِﻴﻤ‪‬ـ ﹶﺔ ﻟﻬـﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ‬
‫ﻭﺃﺼﺒﺢ ﺁﺭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟِﻡ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﻭﻟﻜﻠﻭﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻠﻨﺩﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ل ﻤ‪‬ﺅﻟﱠﻔﺎ ِﺘ ِﻪ‪ :‬ﺒﺤﺙ ﻤﻘﺎﺭ‪‬ﻥ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻭ‪ُ ‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻅﻬ‪‬ﺭ ﻋﺎﻡ‬
‫ﻁﻤ‪‬ﺢ‪ ‬ﺇﻟﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺼﺎﺩِﺭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺘﹶﻌﻠﱢﻘﺔ ﺒﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻭ ﹶ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ ﻭﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺭﺍﺴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌ ِﺒﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺴ ﹶﺘ ِﻘﱠﻠﺔﹸ؛ ﺨﺎﻁِﺌﺔ ﻤـﻥ ﺃﺴﺎﺴِـﻬﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ،١٩١١‬ﻭﻗﺩ‬
‫ﻲ ﺇﺤﺼﺎﺌﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺨﻀ‪‬ـﻊ‬
‫ﺱ ﻋِﻠﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﺴﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻭﻀﺤﺕ ﺠﻬﻭﺩﻩ ﺃﻥ ﹸﻜلﱠ ﺤِﻜﺎﻴ‪‬ـ ٍﺔ‬
‫ﻁ ﺍﻟﻌِﻠ ِﻤﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻋﻨـﺩ‬
‫ﻋ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭﻓﹶﺕ ﺒﻪ ﺍﻷﻭﺴﺎ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﻤِﻴـ ‪‬ﻊ ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻟﻬﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺼﻨﻴﻑ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸﹶﻌ ِﺒ ‪‬ﻴ ٍﺔ ﻟﻬﺎ ﻋ‪‬ﻘﺩ‪‬ﺘﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼ‪‬ـﺔ ﺒﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﻅﻬﻭﺭﻩ‪ .‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ١٩١٣‬ﺃﻭﻀ‪‬ﺢ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻬﻭﺭﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﱡﺭﺍﺙ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺒـﻲ‬
‫ﺴﺠِﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺒﻨﺎﺅﻫﺎ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻭﺤ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﺩﺉ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﻅﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ َﺃﻗﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻋﻁﹶﻰ ِﻟ ﹸﻜلﱢ ﹶﻨﻤ‪‬ﻁٍ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴـﺎﺕ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺱ ﻷﻨﻤـﺎﻁ‬
‫‪ ،١٩٠٨‬ﻭﺃﻋﻘﺒﻪ‪ :‬ﺍﻟ ِﻔ ‪‬ﻬ ِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻑ ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻤِﻨﻬﺠ‪‬ﻪ ﻓـﻲ ﹶﺘﺼ‪‬ـﻨِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺭ‪‬ﻗﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺨﺎﺼ‪‬ﺎ ﺒﻪ؛ ﺤﺘﱠﻰ ﻴ‪‬ﻬﺘﺩ‪‬ﻯ ﺇﻟﻴـﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌ ِﺒﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻭ ِﺩﺭ‪‬ﺍﺴـﺘِﻬﺎ؛ ﻭﺫﻟـﻙ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺒﺴﻬﻭﻟﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺼﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻅﻬ‪‬ﺭ‪ ‬ﺒﺎﻟﺘﱠﻔ ِ‬
‫ل ﻤﻥ َﺃ ﹾ‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ َﺃ ‪‬ﻭ َ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﻷﺼ‪‬ـﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﻨﻅﺭﻴﺔ * ِﺒ ﹾﻨﻔِﻲ ﻓـﻲ ﺍ ُ‬
‫ﺼﺤِﻴﺤ‪‬ﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻬِﻨ ِﺩ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ ﻟﻠﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﺒ‪‬ﺩ‪َ‬ﺃ ﺴِﻠﺴـﻠ ﹰﺔ‬
‫ل‬
‫ـﱠ‬
‫ـﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﻜﹸـ‬
‫ـﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﺃﻓـ‬
‫ـﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸـ‬
‫ﻟﻠﺤﻜﺎﻴـ‬
‫ﺸﺄَﺕ‬
‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﺃُﺨﺭ‪‬ﻯ ﹶﻨ ﹶ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻔﺼ‪‬ﻠﺔ ﻟﺤﻜﺎﻴـﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺭﺍﺴﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺍﺭِﺴﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺘﺨﺼ‪‬ﺼﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﺠـﺎ ‪‬ﺀ‬
‫ﺒِﹸﻠ ﹶﻐﺔِ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ ﻭﺯﻭﺠﺘﻪ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻔﻀ‪‬ـﻭﻟﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺼﻨﻴﻑ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻜﺫﺍ ﺍﺴﺘﻁﹶﺎﻉ ﺁﺭﻨـﻲ‬
‫ﻲ ﻭﺯﻭﺝ ﺍﺒﻨﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎﻱ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺠل ﺍﻟﻐﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﻤِﻴـ ‪‬ﻊ‬
‫ﻑ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﻬﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻤِﻨﻬﺞ ﺃﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﺼـ ﱢﻨ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺴﺤ‪‬ﻭﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴــﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸــﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻠﻨﺩﻴــﺔ‬
‫ﺤﻠﱢﻴـ ِﺔ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁﻭ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻷﺸـﻜﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﹶﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ـﺎﻡ ‪١٩١٢‬‬
‫ـﻲ ﻋـ‬
‫ـﻴﻭﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻓـ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻵﺴـ‬
‫ﻟﻠﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﻴﺩ ﺁﺭﻨﻲ ﺃﺼـﺒ‪‬ﺢ‬
‫ﺸﻌﺒﻴ ٍﺔ ﺒﺄﻋﻴﺎﻨﻬﺎ؛ ﻤﻨﻬـﺎ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﻌـﺎﺭِﻑ‬
‫"ﺴﺘﻴﺙ ﻁﻭﻤﺴـﻭﻥ" ﹶﻓﺘﹶﻭﺴ‪‬ـﻊ‪ ‬ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﻼ ﻓﻲ ﻏـﺭﺏ ﺃﻭﺭﻭﺒـﺎ ﺇﺒ‪‬ـﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﺼ ﹰ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹸﻘﺭ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻭ‪‬ﺴﻁﹶﻰ‪ .‬ﻭَﺃ ﹾﻟﻘﹶﻰ ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻀ‪‬ﻭ ِﺀ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻫِﺠـﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺤﻜﺎﻴـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺭﻕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻐـﺭﺏ‪،‬‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺸﺩ‪ ‬ﻟﻬﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺭﺍﺴـﺎﺕ ﻤـﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﹰﺓ‬
‫ﻭﺤ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ِﺩﺭﺍﺴ ِﺘ ِﻪ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺎﻤِﹶﻠﺔِ ﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺩ‪‬ﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﻭﻫــﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺼــﻨﻴﻑ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﻤﻁِــ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺕ ﻨﻔﺴـﻪ ﺃﺜﺒـﺕ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻏﺯِﻴﺭ ﹰﺓ ﺭﺍﺌﻌـ ﹰﺔ ﻜﺎﻨـﺕ ﺘﹶﺴـﺘﹶﻠﺯ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺼﺩ‪‬ﺭ‪ ‬ﺘﹶﺼﻨِﻴﻔﹰﺎ ﻟﻠﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻠﻨﺩﻴـﺔ‬
‫َﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﻤ‪‬ﺘﻌـﺩ‪‬ﺩ ﹰﺓ ﺒﺎ ِﻫﻅﹶـ ﹶﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻘـﺔ‬
‫ِﺭﺤ‪‬ﻼ ٍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼ‪‬ﺔ ﺒﺎﻟﺘﱠﻜﻭِﻴﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﻌﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻔﻀـل‬
‫ﻲ ﻤ‪‬ﺤﺩ‪‬ﺩ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺃﻥ ﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺎﺌﻊ‬
‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﱢﺴﺒﺔ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ؛ ﺤﺘﱠﻰ ﻴ‪‬ﺘـﺎﺡ ﻟـﻪ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟِﻡ ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻠﻨﺩﻱ ﻓﻲ ﺘﹶﺼﻨِﻴ ِ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺕ ﻓﻲ ﻋﺼ ٍﺭ ﹶﻗﺩِﻴ ٍﻡ ﻤ‪‬ﻭﻏِـ ٍ‬
‫ﺸَﺄ ﹾ‬
‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﹶﻨ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ــﺯ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ﺃﻫــ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒــﺎﺕ ﻭﺩ‪‬ﻭﺭ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌ ِﺒ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ ﻋﻨـﺩ ‪‬ﻤﺨﹾﺘﻠـﻑ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ِﻘ ‪‬ﺩ ِﻡ ﻻ ﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﺘﹶﺤﺩِﻴﺩ‪‬ﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻔﻭﻅﺎﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺁﺭﻨـﻲ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻗﻭﺍ ِﻡ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﺫﻫ ‪‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
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‫ﻟﻨﺸﺄَﺓ ﺍﻟﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸـﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﻋﺼـﺭ‬
‫‪٥٦‬‬
‫ﺇﺭﻳﻜﺴـــــﻮﻥ )ﻟﻴـــــﻒ‬
‫‪ARURU‬‬
‫ﺃﹶﺭ‪‬ﻭﺭ‪‬ﻭ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ؛ ﻤﺜل ﻗﹶﺘل ﺍﻷﻗـﺎﺭِﺏ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻟﻬــﺔ ﺍ ُﻷﻡ‪ ‬ﻓــﻲ ﺍﻷُﺴــﻁﹸﻭﺭ ِﺓ ﺇﺭﻳﻜﺴﻮﻥ(‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﻻ ﻀــﺎﺭﺓ ﺒﺎﻟﻌ‪‬ﻼﻗﹶــﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺃﻓﻌــﺎ ﹰ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺒﺎﻹﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺒﻠﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗـﺩ ﺍ ‪‬ﺭ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺒﻁﹶـ ﹾ‬
‫ﺸﺭِ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻲ‬
‫ﻤﺭﺩ‪‬ﻭﺥ ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭِﻫﺎ ُﺃﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻟِ ﹾﻠﺒ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﺨﺎِﻟﻘﹶــﺔ ﺇﻴﺒــﺎﻨﻲ ﻓــﻲ ﺃُﺴــﻁﹸﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺓ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺠﻠﹾﺠﺎﻤِﺵ‪.‬‬
‫*ِ‬
‫ﺃﹶﺭِﻳﺴ‪‬ﺘﺎﻳ‪‬ﻮﺱ‬
‫‪ARISTAEUS‬‬
‫‪LEIF ERICSSON‬‬
‫ﺍﻨﻅﺭ‪ :‬ﻟﻴﻑ ﺇﺭﻴﻜﺴـﻭﻥ‬
‫‪Ericsson‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺩ‪‬ﺍﹶﻟﺔﹶ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ ﻟﺩﻴﻬﻥ ﻟﻠـﺩ‪‬ﺍﻓِﻊ‬
‫‪Leif‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺭﺘﻜـﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤـﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜـﻥ‬
‫ﻴﻨﺘﻘﻤﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﺫ ِﻨﺏِ؛ ﺴﻭﺍﺀ ﺍﺭﺘﻜـﺏ‬
‫ﺇﺭِﻳﻨ‪‬ﻮﻳﺲ ‪ERINYES‬‬
‫ﻋﻤ‪‬ـ ٍﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﺠﺭﻴﻤﺘﻪ ﻋ‪‬ﻤﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﺃﻭ ﻋﻥ ﻏﻴﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻀﺒ‪‬ﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﻼﱠﺘﻲ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻻ ﹾﻨ ِﺘﻘﹶﺎ ِﻡ ﺍﻟﻐﺎ ِ‬
‫‪‬ﺭﺒ‪‬ﺎ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﻻ ﻴﻨﺼﺭﻓﻥ ﻋﻥ ‪‬ﻤﺘﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻌﺘِـ ِﻪ ﺇﻻ ﺇﺫﺍ‬
‫ﹸﻜﻥ‪ ‬ﻴ‪ ‬ﹶﺘﻌ‪ ‬ﱠﻘ ‪‬ﺒﻥ‪ ‬ﺍﻵ ِﺜﻤِـﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﻌ‪‬ـﺎﻗِ ‪‬ﺒﻨﹶﻬﻡ‬
‫ﻗﺎ ‪‬ﻡ ﺒﺎﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾﻜﻔِﻴ ِﺭ ﻋـﻥ ﺫﻨﺒـﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻬـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺒﻘﺴﻭﺓ ﻤﺘﻨﺎﻫﻴـﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜـﺎﻥ ﺍﻵﻟِﻬـﺔ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺴﺘِﻴﺱ ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﹶﻗﺘﹶـ َ‬
‫ﻥ * ﺃُﻭﺭِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﻥ * َﺃﺒ‪‬ﻭﻟﱡﻭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ﻭ ِﺭﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺴﻴﺭﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺍﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﺴ‪‬ـﺩ‪‬ﻥ‬
‫ﻋﻘﹸﻭﻕ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻟﺩﻴﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﻫـﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪ ،Cyrene‬ﻭﺤــﺎﺭِﺱ ﹸﻗﻁﹾﻌــﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻏﻨﹶﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺎﻓِﻅ ﻟﻠﻨﱠﺤل ﻭﺤـﺎﻤِﻲ‬
‫ﻷﹾ‬
‫ﺍَ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹸﻜﺭ‪‬ﻭﻡ ﻭﺍﻟﺯ‪‬ﻴﺘﹸﻭﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷُﺴـﻁﹸﻭﺭ ِﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴﻘﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﻤﺎﻨﻴـﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﺸﹾـ ﹶﺘﻬ‪‬ﻰ‬
‫ﺃ ِﺭﻴ‪‬ﺴﺘﺎﻴ‪‬ﻭﺱ *ﻴﻭﺭﻭﺩﻴﻜﻲ؛ ﹶﻓﻔﹶـﺭ‪‬ﺕ‬
‫ﻤﻨﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﺃﺜﻨﺎ ِﺀ ﻤ‪‬ﺤﺎﻭ‪‬ﻟﺘِﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺠـﺎ ﹶﺓ‬
‫ﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﻁﺌَﺕ ﺜﹸﻌﺒﺎﻨﹰﺎ ﹶﻓ ‪‬ﻌﻀ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﻭﻤﺎ ﹶﺘ ﹾ‬
‫ﻤﻨﻪ ﻭ ِ‬
‫ـﻰ‬
‫ـﻪ ﺇﻟـ‬
‫ـﻠﺘﻪ ﺃﻤـ‬
‫ـﺎﺩﺙ‪ ،‬ﻓﺄﺭﺴـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤـ‬
‫ﺒﺭﻭﺘﻴﻭﺱ ‪ Proteus‬ﻟﻴﻌﺭﻑ ﻤﻨﻪ‬
‫ﺏ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﻭ‪ ‬ﹶﻗﻊ‪ ‬ﻟﻠﻨﱠﺤل‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﻴل ﻟﻪ ﺇﻥ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻴﻭﺭﻭﺩﻴﻜﻲ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﻤﻥ‪ ‬ﻟﻬﺎ ﺒﺎﻟ ﹶﻘﻀ‪‬ـﺎﺀِ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺤـل‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﻨـﺩ ﺫﻟـﻙ ﻗﹶـﺩ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﺠﻨﹶﺎﺌ ِﺯﻴ‪‬ــﺔ ﻟـــ *‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺭ‪‬ﺍﺴِــﻴ ِﻡ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻭﺭﻓﻴﻭﺱ ﻭﻴـﻭﺭﻭﺩﻴﻜﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻜـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺤﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺓ ِﻟ ﹶﻨﺤ‪‬ﻠﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘﻌ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍ‪‬‬
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‫* ﺠِﻴﺎ ﻤﻥ ِﺩﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ *ﺃﻭﺭﺍﻨﹸﻭﺱ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ـﻴﻤﻨﺎﻱ‬
‫)ﺍﻟﺸﱠـــﻔﹸﻭﻗﹶﺎﺕ( ﻭﺍﻟﺴـــ‬
‫ﺴﻘﻁﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﹸﻗﻁِـ ‪‬ﻊ‬
‫)ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻭﻗﱠﺭﺍﺕ(‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ِﻤ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﺭﺠ‪‬ﺎﻥ‬
‫ـﻭﻜﺱ‬
‫ـﺎﺕ ﹸﻨـ‬
‫ـﻪ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺒﻨـ‬
‫ﻀ ـ ‪‬ﻭ ﻟـ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﻨ ِﻭﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﻟﻸﺭﻴﻨﻭﻴﺱ ﹸﺘ ﹶﻘﺩ‪ ‬ﻡ ﻟﻬـﻥ‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﻘﺎ ‪‬ﻡ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴﻜﹸﻭﺘﹸﻭﺱ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﻥ ﺃﻜﺒﺭ ﺴِـ ﹼﻨﹰﺎ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻭِ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻤﻠﹾـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨ ِﺩ ‪‬ﻤﻨﹶـ ‪‬ﻪ ﻭ ِ‬
‫* ِﺯﻴ‪‬ﻭﺱ؛ ﻓﻠـﻡ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺞ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﱠـﺒ ِ‬
‫ﻥ ﻤﻥ ‪‬ﻤﺯِﻴ ٍ‬
‫ﻓﻴﻪ ﹶﻗﺭ‪‬ﺍﺒِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺎﺕ‬
‫ـﺫﻫﺏ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﺍﻴـ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﺴ ـ ﹶﺘ ِﻘﻼﱠﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﺘـ‬
‫ﻥ ﺜـﻼﺙ؛‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺘﺄﺨﹼﺭﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺴ ﹶﺘ ِﻤ ‪‬ﺭ(‪،‬‬
‫ﻀ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﻥ‪ :‬ﺃﻟﻴﻜﺘﻭﺭ )ﺍﻟ ﹶﻐ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﻴﺴﻴﻔﻭﻨﻲ )ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘ ِﻘﻤ‪‬ـ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﻤ ِﻭﻴ‪‬ـﺔ(‪،‬‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫ﺨﺭ‪‬ﺍ ِ‬
‫ﻙ ﻭﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ل ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺎ ِﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﹶﻌ ِ‬
‫ﺴِ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﻷ ‪‬ﺯﻫ‪‬ﺎ ِﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻴﺱ ﻫﻨـﺎﻙ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻭﺩﺍ ِﺀ ﻭﺍ َ‬
‫ل ﺒـﺄﻨﻬﻥ‬
‫ﻱ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺭ ٍﺭ ِﻟ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﻴﺒﺩﻭ؛ ﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟـ * ﺴﺎﺭﺍﻨﻴﻭ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻬﻨﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﺭﺍ ِﺩ ﹾﻓ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﹶﺯ‪‬ﻫِﻲ ﺩﺍﻫ‪‬ﺎﻛﹶﺎ ﺃﻭ ﺩﺍﻫ‪‬ﺎﻙ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻴﺠﺎﻴﺭﺍ )ﺍﻟﹶﻐﻴ‪‬ﻭﺭ‪‬ﺓ(‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﺼ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸﻌ‪‬ﻭﺭ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻋﺫﹶﺍﺭ‪‬ﻯ ﻤ‪‬ﺠﻨﱠﺤﺎﺕ ﻟﻬﻥ ﹸ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪AZHI DAHAKA OR‬‬
‫‪DAHAK‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺍﻷُﻓﻌ‪‬ﻭﺍﻨﹶﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺤﻤﻠـﻥ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺸﹶـﺎﻋِ َ‬
‫)ﺒﺎﻟﱡﻠ ﹶﻐ ِﺔ ﺍﻟﺒ‪ ‬ﻬﹶﻠﻭِﻴ‪‬ـﺔ ﺁﺫﻱ ﺩﺍﻫـﺎﻙ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺜﱠﻌــﺎﺒِﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺤــﻴﻁ ﺒﺄﺠﺴــﺎﺩِﻫﻥ‬
‫ل‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻥ ‪‬ﻴﺴ‪‬ـ ﹸﻜﻥ‪‬‬
‫ﻁ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻨﹶﺎﺠِ َ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻴﺎ ﹶ‬
‫ﻥ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻔِﻠﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻬﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ِﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻁﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺩ ِﺓ ﻤـﻥ ﻴﺭﺘﻜﺒـﻭﻥ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺃﺭﻴﺴﺘﺎﻴﻭﺱ ﻟﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻘﹶـﺭ‪‬ﺍﺒِﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗـﺎ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﻭﺩﻴﺭﺍﻱ )ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘﻘِﻤ‪‬ﺎﺕ(‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻥ ‪‬ﺒﻨﹶـﺎ ﹸ‬
‫ﻥ ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ـﺎ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻤﻴﻨﻴـﺩﺱ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﻥ ﻟﻤﺼـﺭﻉ *‬
‫ﻏﻀِـ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ﻭﺭﻴ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﹶ‬
‫ﻼﺘِﻴ ِﻨﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻓﻭﺭﻴـﺎﻱ‬
‫ﻕ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻥ ﺒﺎﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻁﹶﻠ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ‪‬ﺒﺭ‪َ‬ﺃ ‪‬ﻩ ﺍﻷﺭﻴﻭﺒﺎﺠﻭﺱ ﻓﻲ ﺃﺜﻴﻨﺎ‪.‬‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ل ﺒﻌﺩ ﻫـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﺭﻋ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﻤﺎ ﻫ‪‬ﹶﻠﻙ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺤ ُ‬
‫ﻭ‪‬‬
‫ﺱ ﻴﺨﺎﻓﹸﻭﻥ ﻤﻨﻬﻥ‪،‬‬
‫ﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻫﺒ‪‬ﻭ ﹶﻨ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻤﻪ ﻋ‪‬ﻤﺩ‪‬ﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻡ ﻴﻨﺼﺭﻓﻥ ﻋﻨـﻪ ﺇﻻ‬
‫ﺤﺩِﻴﺜﹶـ ِﺔ ﺁﺫ ﺩﺍﻫـﺎﻙ(‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺒﺎﻟﻔﺎﺭِﺴﻴﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺃﻭ ﺜﹸﻌﺒﺎﻥ ﻟﻪ ﺜﻼﺜـﺔ ﺭﺀﻭﺱ‪،‬‬
‫ِﺘﻨﱢﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻴﻁﺭﺓ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺼ‪‬ـﺭ‬
‫‪٥٧‬‬
‫ﺦ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﺸﹶـ ِﺭﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﻟﻔﻲ ﺍﻟﺜﱠﺎﻨﻲ ﻤﻥ ﺘﺎﺭﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻷ ِﭭﺴ‪‬ﺘﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺨ ﹾﻠﻕِ ﻜﻤﺎ ﺠﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻓﻲ ﺍ َ‬
‫ﻭﺜﺎﻤِﻥ ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺩ ﺫِﻜﺭ‪‬ﻩ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟــ ﺸﱠـﺎ ‪‬ﻫﻨﹶﺎﻤﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﻑ ﺒﺄﻨﻪ ﺭﺠل‪ ،‬ﹶﻨﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺜﹸﻌﺒﺎﻨﹶـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻭﻭﺼِ ﹶ‬
‫ﺨﹶﻠﻘﹶـ ‪‬ﻪ * ﺃﻨﺠـﺭﺍ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﻜﺘﻔﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻗـﺩ ﹶ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﻤﺎﻴﻨﻴﻭ ﻟﻠ ﹶﻘﻀ‪‬ـﺎﺀِ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﻟﻤـﺅﻤﻨﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻪ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻨﺠـﺭﺍ‬
‫ﻷ ‪‬ﺒﺭ‪‬ﺍ ِﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﺭﺠﻊ ﹶﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍَ‬
‫ل ﺇﻨﻪ‬
‫ﻤﺎﻴﻨﻴﻭ ﻓﻲ "ﺍﻟﺒﻭﻨﺩﺍﻫﺸﻥ"‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﻘﹶﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ﺍﻟﻘﹸﺭﺒ‪‬ﻰ ﻤـﻊ‬
‫ﺍ ‪‬ﺭ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻜﺏ‪ ‬ﺠﺭﻴﻤ ﹶﺔ ﺴِﻔﺎ ِ‬
‫‪ASAPURNA,‬‬
‫‪ ASAPURA OR‬ﻋﻨﺩﻫﻤﺎ‪.‬‬
‫‪ASAPURI‬‬
‫ﺍﻨﻅﹸﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺼـﻴل ﻓـﻲ ﻜﺘـﺎﺏ‬
‫ﺽ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻹﻟﻬﺔ ﺍﻷﻡ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻬ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻷﺭ ِ‬
‫"ﺍﻷﺼﻨﺎﻡ" ﻷﺒﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺫﺭ ﻫﺸﺎﻡ ﺒـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭ ِﺓ ﺍﻟﻬِﻨ ِﺩ ‪‬ﻴﺔِ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ ﺤ‪‬ﺭﻓﻴ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ ﺒﻥ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺎﺌﺏ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﺒﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻕ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻏﺒـﺔ"‪ .‬ﻭﺘﻨﺘﺸـﺭ‬
‫ﺤﻘﱢـ ﹸ‬
‫"ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﹸﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺘﹸﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻭﻻﻴﺔ ﻜـﺘﺵ ﺒﺎﻟﻬﻨـﺩ‪ .‬ﺃﺳﺒﺠﺮﻧﺴـــﻦ )ﭘﻴﺘـــﺮ‬
‫ﻭﻴ‪‬ﻘﺩ‪ ‬ﻡ ﻟﻬﺎ ﹸﻜلﱠ ﻋﺎﻡ ﻗﹸﺭﺒﺎ ‪‬ﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﺫ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺢ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻛﺮﻳﺴــــــــــــــــــﱳ‬
‫ﺴﺒﻌ ﹲﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺜﱢﻴﺭﺍﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﺳﺒﺠﺮﻧﺴــﻦ( "‪١٨١٢‬‬
‫– ‪١٨٨٥‬ﻡ "‬
‫ﺇِﺳ‪‬ﺎﻑ ﻭﻧﺎﺋِﻠﹶﺔ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﺅﻟﱢﻑ ﻭﻋﺎِﻟ ‪‬ﻡ ﻓﻭﻟﻜﻠﻭﺭ ﻨﺭﻭﻴﺠﻲ‪،‬‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ُﺃﻤ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻴﻁﹶﺎﻨﹶﺔ ﺃﻴﻭﻁـﺎﻙ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﹶـ ‪‬ﺭﻭِﻱ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﻥ ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﺫ ‪‬ﺒﺤ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﺭ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻵﺨﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺎﻨﻭﺍ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭ ﹸﺓ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺯﻫﻲ ﺩﺍﻫ‪‬ﺎﻜﺎ ﹶﻗﺘﹶـ َ‬
‫ل ﺃﻥ ﻴ‪ ‬ﹾﻐ ﹶﺘﺼِﺏ‪ ‬ﻤﺠـﺩ‪‬ﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﻴﻴﻤﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺤﺎﻭ‪َ ‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻨﺘﺼ ‪‬ﺭ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺜﺭﺍﺌﻴﺘـﺎ ﺃﻭﻨـﺎ )ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﻑ ﻋـﺎﻡٍ‪،‬‬
‫ﺤﻜﹾـﻡ ﺩﺍ ‪‬ﻡ ﺃﻟـ ﹶ‬
‫ﺁﺘﺎﺭ( ﺒﻌﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﻭﺜﻘﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺠﺒل ﺩﻤﺎﻓﺎﻨﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﺫﻫﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭ ﹸﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻨﻪ ﺴﻭﻑ ﻴ‪‬ﺤﻁﱢـﻡ‬
‫ﹸﻗﻴ‪‬ﻭﺩ‪‬ﻩ ﻗﺒل ‪‬ﻤﺠِﻲﺀ ﻜﻴﺭﻴﺴﺎﺴﺒﺎ ﻋﻨـﺩ‬
‫ﻀﻤ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﻤﺸﻬﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺠﺎ ِﻫِﻠﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﻋﺩ‪ ‬ﹸﺓ ﻤ‪‬ﺅﻟﹼﻔﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﻭﻟﻜﻠﻭﺭ‪ ،‬ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﻱ ﺃﻥ ﺇﺴﺎﻓﹰﺎ ﻫﻭ ﺭﺠـل ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ِﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﻌﻀ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﱡﻐﺔ ﺍﻹﻨﺠﻠﻴﺯﻴﺔ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺭﻫ‪‬ﻡ ﻴﻘﺎل ﻟﻪ "ﺇﺴﺎﻑ ﺒﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﻌﻠﹶـﻰ"‪،‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻜﺘﺎﺏ "ﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺭﻭﻴﺞ"‬
‫ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ﺎ؛ ﻫﻲ "ﻨﺎﺌﻠـﺔ ﺒﻨـﺕ ﺯﻴـﺩ"‪.‬‬
‫ﻓﻴﻠﺩ ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺭﻭﻴﺞ" ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ،١٨٧٤‬ﻭﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻥ ﻨﺎﺌﻠﺔ ﻫﻲ ﺍﻤﺭﺃﺓ ﻤـﻥ ﺠ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭﻫ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭ ﹸﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺇﺴـﺎﻓﹰﺎ‬
‫ﻭﺘﺫﻫ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ،١٨٥٩‬ﻭﻜﺘﺎﺏ "ﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﻤﻥ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﻨِﻬﺎﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻨﻪ ﺴﻭﻑ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻘﻀِـﻲ‬
‫ﻸﺴ‪‬ﺎﻁِﻴﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻪ‬
‫‪ ESAF AND NA'ILA‬ﻗﺎﻡ ﺒﺩﺭﺍﺴ ٍﺔ ﻤﻘﺎﺭ‪‬ﻨ ٍﺔ ﻟ َ‬
‫ﻕ ﻨﺎﺌِﹶﻠ ﹶﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺃﺭﺽ ﺍﻟﻴﻤﻥ‪،‬‬
‫ﺸﹸ‬
‫ﻜﺎﻥ ﻴ‪ ‬ﹶﺘﻌ‪ ‬ﱠ‬
‫"ﺤﻭل ﻴﻭﻟﻲ ﻟﻭﺝ" ﻋﺎﻡ ‪.١٨٨١‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﹸﺜﹸﻠ ِ‬
‫ﺙ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒ ﹶﺸﺭِ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜـﺫﻟﻙ ﺍﻟﻤـﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﺘﻔﻕ ﺃﻥ ﺫﻫﺒﺎ ﻟِﻠ ‪‬ﺤ ‪‬ﺞ ﻓﺩﺨﻼ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻜ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺒﺔﹶ؛ ﺍﺳ‪‬ﺘﺨ‪‬ﺎﺭ‪‬ﺓ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺒﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﺴﻭﻑ ﻴﻠﻘـﻰ‬
‫ﻤﺼﺭﻋﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻴـﺩ ﻜﻴﺭﻴﺴﺎﺴـﺒﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻥ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻀـﻁِﻬﺎ ٍﺩ‬
‫ﻋﺎﻨﹶﺎﻩ ﺍﻹﻴﺭﺍ ِﻨﻴ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺩ‬
‫ـﻰ ﻴـ‬
‫ـﺎ ٍﻡ ﻋﻠـ‬
‫ﻑ ﻋـ‬
‫ـﺘﻤ ‪‬ﺭ ﺃﻟ ـ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺴـ‬
‫ﺱ ﻓﻭﺠﺩﻭﺍ ﺇﺴﺎﻓﹰﺎ ﻭﻨﺎﺌِﹶﻠﺔﹰ‬
‫ﺢ ﺍﻟﻨﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺃَﺼ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﻕ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ِﻔﻌ‪‬ل‬
‫ﻏﻴﺭﻩ؛ ﻭﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻔﻅ ﻤ‪‬ﺸ ﹶﺘ ﱞ‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬ﻴﻥِ؛ ﻓﻭﻀﻌﻭﻫﻤﺎ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﻜﻌﺒـﺔ‬
‫ﺴﹶ‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺱ‪ .‬ﻓﻠﻤـﺎ ﻁﹶـﺎ َ‬
‫ﻅ ﺒﻬﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﱠـﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻟِﻴ‪ ‬ﱠﺘﻌِ ﹶ‬
‫ﻋﺒِـﺩ‪‬ﺍ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻷﺼـﻨﺎ ‪‬ﻡ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋ ِﺒ ‪‬ﺩ ِ‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻜﺜﹸﻬﻤﺎ ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻕ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻜ ‪‬ﻌﺒ‪‬ﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺼِ‬
‫ﻤﻌﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﺃﺤﺩﻫﻤﺎ ِﺒِﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ِﺘﺨﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺓ ﻟﻜل‬
‫"ﺨﺎﺭ"‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﺘﻠﹶﻰ ﺩ‪‬ﻋﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﺍﻻ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻤﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻨﻔﺭﺍﺩ ﻗﺒل ﺃﻥ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻨﻌ‪‬ﻘِﺩ‪ ‬ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬
‫ل ﺍﻻﺴ‪‬ــ ِﺘﺨﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ﹸﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱢﻴــﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻌﻤ‪‬ــ ُ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺍﻹﻤﺒﺭﺍﻁﻭﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺎ ِﺒِﻠﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺴﺨﹶﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻴﺕِ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻔﺠ‪‬ﺭ‪ ‬ﺒﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﻴ‪‬ﺕ ﻓ ‪‬ﻤ ِ‬
‫ل ﻤﺎ ﹶﻜﺴ‪ ‬ﹶﻔﺭٍ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﻤ ٍ‬
‫ﻟﻪ ﺍﷲ ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﻓﻲ ‪‬‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺠﺴ‪‬ﻡ ﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﻭﻴﺒﺩﻭ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺯﻫﻲ ﺩﺍﻫﺎﻜﺎ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨﻠﹾﻭ ﹰﺓ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻏﻔﹾﻠ ﹰﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎﺱ ﻭ ﹶ‬
‫ﻓﻭﺠﺩﺍ ﹶ‬
‫ﺨﻴ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ل ﺒﻪ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺀ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﺴَﺄ ُ‬
‫ﺩ‪‬ﻋﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﺠﻤﻠﺔ؛ ﻜﺄﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﺘﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟـﺩ‪‬ﻋﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺁﺳﺎﭘ‪‬ﻮﺭ‪‬ﻧﺎ ﺃﻭ ﺁﺳﺎﭘ‪‬ﻮﺭﺍ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺒﺎﺡ ﻟﺠﻤﻴـﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺴـﺎﺌل ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻵﺨﺭ ﻓﻲ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻭﻀِﻊ ‪‬ﺯ ‪‬ﻤﺯ‪‬ﻡ‪ .‬ﻭ ﹶﻨ ﹶﻘﹶﻠ ﹾ‬
‫ﺁﺳﺎﭘ‪‬ﻮﺭﻱ‬
‫ﻕ ﺍﻟﻜﻌﺒﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ‬
‫ﺼِ‬
‫ﻗﺭﻴﺵ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻜﺎﻥ ِﺒِﻠ ‪‬‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘﺠ‪ ‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻊ ﺨﻼل ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻡ‪.‬‬
‫‪٥٨‬‬
‫ﻷ ﹾﻜﻤ‪‬ﺎﻡ" ﺍﻟﻭﺍ ِﺭﺩ‪‬ﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻟﻑ ﻟﻴﻠـﺔ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍ َ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌ ِﺒﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻘﺩِﺭﺓ ﻓـﻲ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻁﻠﱠﺴـﻡ ﻴﻌﻴـﻨﻬﻡ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻴﻠﺔ؛ ﻨﺠﺩ ﺃﻡ ‪‬ﻭﺭ‪‬ﺩ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻷﻜﻤـﺎﻡ‬
‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﻔﻲ ﻋـﻥ ﺍﻷﻋـﻴﻥ ﺒﻭﺴـﺎﻁﺔ‬
‫ﺨﻭ‪‬ﺍﺭِﻕ‪.‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻤﻥ ﹶ‬
‫ﻁ ‪‬ﻤﺤ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ﺼﻠﱢﻲ ‪‬ﺭ ﹾﻜ ‪‬ﻌﺘﹶﻲ ﺍﻻﺴ‪‬ـ ِﺘﺨﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺓ ﻜـﻲ‬
‫ﹸﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﺤ ِﺭﻴ‪‬ﺔ؛ ﻤﺜـل‬
‫ﻲ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻤِﺤـﻭ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺌﻴﺴـ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺩﻋﻴﻡ‬
‫ﺽ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺘـ‬
‫ﻭﻴﻠﺠـﺄ ﺍﻟـﺒﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺤﺠﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻟﻬﺎ ﻗﹸـﻭﺓ ﺴِـﺤ ِﺭﻴ‪‬ﺔ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺃﻨﺤـﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻌـﺎﻟﹶﻡ؛ ﻓﻬـﻭ‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌﻴ‪‬ﻨﺔ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺒﻭﺴﺎﻁﺔ ﻤﻭﺍ ‪‬ﺩ ﻋﺠﻴﺒـ ٍﺔ‬
‫ﻤﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺼـﺹ ﺍﻟﻬﻨـﺩﻱ‬
‫ﺨﺱِ ﻭﺘـﺎﺝ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺭ ﹶ‬
‫ﺤ ِ‬
‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ؛ ﻤﺜل ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻴﻨﻲ ‪‬ﻭﺠ‪‬ﻭﺩﻩ ﻓـﻲ ﺤﻜﺎﻴـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺤﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻭﻗﻠﺏ ﻁِﻔل ﹶﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻴ‪‬ﻭﻟﹶﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻘـﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻭﺭﻭﺒﺎ ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻗﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻭ‪‬ﺴﻁﹶﻰ؛ ﺒل ﺇﻨﻪ‬
‫ﻟﻠﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻴﻘﹾـﺭ‪‬ﺏ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺃﻤﺭﻴﻜﺎ‪.‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﻭﻓﻲ ﻗﺼﺔ "َﺃﻨﹶﺱ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻭﺠ‪‬ﻭﺩ ﻭ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﻭﻴﺤﺼل ﺍﻟﺒﻁل ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺤﺼ‪‬ﻭﻟِﻬﻡ‬
‫ﺱ ﻻﺒﺩ ﻤﻥ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﻗﺯﺍﻡ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬ﻴﺭ‪ ‬ﻓﻲ ﻏﺭﺍﻡ ﺍﺒﻨﺘﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻴﻠﻬﻤﻬﺎ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺨﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻥ ﻁﺭﻴﻕ ﺍﻻﻗﺘـﺭﺍﻉ؛‬
‫ﺠﺫﹶﺍﺫﹶﺍﺕٍ ﻤﺎ ﻴﻔﻴـﺩ‬
‫ﺏ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﺄﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻜ ﹸﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻹﻗﺩﺍﻡ ﻭﺍﻹﺤﺠﺎﻡ ﺜﻡ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻘ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻉ ﺒﻴﻨﻬـﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺼﺤ‪‬ﻑ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻻِﺳ‪‬ﺘِﺨ‪‬ﻔﹶﺎﺀ‬
‫‪INVISIBILITY‬‬
‫"ﻃﺎﻗِﻴ‪‬ﺔﹸ ﺍﻹﺧﻔﹶﺎﺀ "‬
‫ﺴ ِﺘﺘﹶﺎ ِﺭ ﻋـﻥ‬
‫ﺙ ﺤﺎﹶﻟﺔٍ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻻ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﺩ‪‬ﻭ ﹸ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻋ ِﺘﺼ‪‬ﺎ ِﻡ ﺒﺸﻲﺀ ﻋـﺎﺩﻱ ﹶﻜﺜِﻴـﻑ‬
‫ﺍﻻ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﺩ‪‬ﺍ ٍﺭ ﺃﻭ ﺴﺎﺘِﺭ(‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻬـﺎ ﺘﹶـ ِﺘ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫) ﹶﻜ ِ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺀ ﻋـﻥ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﻌﺎﻤِل ﺨﺎﺭِﻕ ﻴ‪‬ﺤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻭﺭ‪‬ﺩ ﻁﻭﻤﺴــﻭﻥ ﻓــﻲ ﺘﺼــﻨﻴﻔﻪ‬
‫ﻲ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻻﺴﺘﺨﻔﺎﺀ ﻤِﺤﻭ‪‬ﺭ ﺭﺌﻴﺴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺄﺜﹸﻭﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌ ِﺒﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺒﺼﻔﺔ ﻋﺎﻤـﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸـﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﺒﺼـﻔﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻌﺘﻘﺩﺍﺕ ﻭﺘﺼـﻭ‪‬ﺭﺍﺕ ﺸـﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﻻ‬
‫ﺘﺯﺍل ﻤﻨﺘﺸﺭﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺭﺒ‪‬ـﻭﻉ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺨﻔﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺎ ِﺭﻗﹶﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ ﺠﻤﻴ ‪‬ﻊ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺘﻘﺭﻴﺒ‪‬ﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﻕ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﻘﹸﺩﺭ‪ ‬ﹶﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺴـ ِﺘﺭ‪‬ﺍ ِ‬
‫ﻁَ‬
‫ﺢ ﺍﻟﺒ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﻴﺩ ﺃﻥ ﺃَﺸﻬﺭ‪‬ﻫﺎ ﻁﺎﻗِﻴﺔ ﺍﻹﺨﻔﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬
‫ﻙ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋﻥ ﹶﻜﺜﹶﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻭﺯ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻌ‪‬ـﺎ ِﺭ ِ‬
‫ﺸﻭ‪‬ﺍ ِﻫ ِﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺫﻟﻙ ﻜﺘﺎﺏ "ﺃﻟﻑ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﻀﻡ‪ ‬ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﻋـﺎﺩ ﹰﺓ ﺃﺩﻭﺍ ٍ‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﻠﺔ" ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﹶﺘﺭِﺩ ﻓﻴـﻪ ﻁﺎ ِﻗﻴ‪‬ـ ﹸﺔ‬
‫ﺤ ِﺭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹰﺔ ﺃﺨﺭﻯ؛ ﻤﺜل ﺍﻟﻨﱢﻌﺎل ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﺴ‪‬‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺨﻔﺎﺀ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻜﺎﻴﺔ ﺤﺴﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﺼﺭﻱ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘﺭ‪ ‬ﺩ ‪‬ﺩ ﻓﻲ ﻜﺜﻴﺭ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﻜﺎﻴـﺎﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻤﻊ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﱠﺠﺴ‪‬ﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤ‪‬ﺸﺎﻫ‪‬ﺩﺓ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺩﻭ‪‬‬
‫ـﻴﺭ‬
‫ﺴـ‬
‫ـﻰ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺎ ﻋﻠـ‬
‫ـﺎﻋِﺩ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘﻌِﻠﻴﻬـ‬
‫ﺘﺴـ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ـﻭﻕ ﻁﺎﻗـ‬
‫ﺴ ـﻌ‪‬ﺔ ﻓـ‬
‫ـﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﺸﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻤﺴـ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻁﺎ ِﻗﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﻤ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺒﻌـﺽ ﺍﻟﺤﻜﺎﻴـﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸـﻌﺒﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻓﻲ ﺴِﻴﺭﺓ ﺴﻴﻑ ﺒﻥ ﺫﻱ ‪‬ﻴﺯ‪‬ﻥ ﺘﺭﺩ‬
‫ﻁﺎ ِﻗﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺃﻓﻼﻁﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺭﺒﻤـﺎ ﻜﺎﻨـﺕ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﺭﺍﺩِ ﹶﻓﺔﹰ ﻟﻤﺎ ﻭﺭﺩ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﻜﺎﻴـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺤ ﹾﻜﻤ‪‬ﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺎﻨﻴﺔ ﻋﻥ ﻁﺎ ِﻗﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ ﺒﻁﺎ ِﻗﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺃﻓﻼﻁﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜـﻴﺱ‬
‫ل ﻓﻲ ﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺴَ‬
‫ل ﺁﺭﺜﹶﺭ ﺘﹶﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁُ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱡﻘﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻻ ﻴﻔﺭﻍ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺭﺍﻫِﻡ‪،‬‬
‫ﻓﺭﺴﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺩﻴﺭﺓ ِﺒﻌ‪‬ﺒـﺎﺀ‪‬ﺓ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻴﻑ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻻ ﻴﺨﻁـﺊ ﻫﺩﻓـﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺭﺨﹶﺱ ﻟﻴﺱ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺱ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻹﺨﻔﺎﺀ‪ .‬ﻭﻟ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ـﺎﺱ‬
‫ـﻪ ﺍ ﹾﻨ ِﻌ ﹶﻜـ‬
‫ـﺩﻭ ﺃﻨـ‬
‫ـﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺒـ‬
‫ﺼـ‬
‫ﺨﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺜﻼﺜﻴﻥ ﻭﺴﻴﻠﺔ ﺴﺤﺭﻴﺔ ﺘﻌﻴﻥ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺤﻜﹶﺎﻴـ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻌ ِﺒﻴ‪‬ﺔ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺭﻓﹶﺕ ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ ‪‬‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺃﻋﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎﻅﺭﻴﻥ‪.‬‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﻴﻭﺠﺩ ﻜﺫﻟﻙ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻜﺎﻴـﺎﺕ ﻫﻨـﻭﺩ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﻕ ﺒﻤﺠــﺭ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﺤﻘﱠــ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻷَﻋــﻴ‪‬ﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻵﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﱠﺎ ِﻗﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺒ‪‬ﺎﺀ‪‬ﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺨﺎﺘﹶﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒﻌـﺽ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺢ‬
‫ﺴـ ِﺘﺨﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ﹲﺓ ِﺒ ﹶﻔـ ﹾﺘ ِ‬
‫ـﺎ ﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﻀـ‬
‫ـﺎﻙ ﺃﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﻨـ‬
‫ﻤﺤﺎﻭِﺭ ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌ ِﺒﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻤﻨﺘﺸـﺭ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﺎﺘﹶﻡ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻟﻪ ﺨﺎﺩِﻡ ﻴﺄ ﹶﺘ ِﻤ ‪‬ﺭ ﺒـﺄﻤﺭ‬
‫ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﻭﺤﻴـﺩ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ ﻴﻌـﻴﻥ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﻻﺒﺴﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻜﺎﺌﻨﺎﺕ ﻟﻴﺴﺕ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﻔﺎﺀ؛ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺒﻌـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﺎﺠﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﻭﺃﺸـﺒﺎﻫﻬﺎ‬
‫ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻤﺱ ﻟـﻪ ﻨﻔـﺱ‬
‫ﺘﹸﻭﺭِﺩ ﺃﻥ ‪‬‬
‫ﺙ ﺍﻟﺨـﺎﺭِﻕ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻜـﻥ‬
‫ﻟﻠﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﺒﺎﻟﺤ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹸﻘﻭ‪‬ﺓ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺤ ِﺭﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪٥٩‬‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺩﺩ‪‬ﻫﺎ ﺃﻭ ﻤﻥ ﺘﹸـﺭﺩ‪‬ﺩ ﻟﻤﺼـﻠﺤﺘﻪ‬
‫ﻀﺤ‪‬ﺎﻴﺎ ﻭ ﹶﻗﺭ‪‬ﺍﺒِﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴ‪‬ـﺄﺘﹸﻭﻥ‬
‫ﻥ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﺩﻤ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁﺭ‪‬ﻻﺏ‬
‫ﺴﹸ‬
‫ﻷ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺯﻭ‪‬ﺍﻴ‪‬ﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﺨِﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺍ َ‬
‫ﺨﺘِﻔﺎ ِﺀ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻷﻋﻴ‪‬ﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹸﻘ ‪‬ﺩﺭ‪ ‬ﹶﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻ ﹾ‬
‫ل ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻤ ِﺯﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻴﻘﺼﺩﻭﻥ ﺒﻬﺎ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻘﺭ‪‬ﺏ‬
‫ﺒﺄﻓﻌﺎ ٍ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﻁﺭ‪‬ﻻﺏ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻤﺜﱢـ ُ‬
‫ﺴﹸ‬
‫ﻷ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹸﻜﺭ‪‬ﻱ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﺫﺍ ﺍ َ‬
‫ﻭﻓﻲ ﺇﺤـﺩﻯ ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴـﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻬِﻨ ِﺩﻴ‪‬ـﺔ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﷲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻕ‬
‫ﻷ ﹸﻓ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻜﺭﺓ ﺒﺎﻟﻨﱢﺴﺒﺔ ِ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺢ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﻴ ﹲﻎ ﺴِﺤﺭﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺜ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺔ ِ‬
‫ﺱ ﻟ ﹾﻠ ‪‬ﻤﻁﹶـﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﻗـﺩ‬
‫ﻉ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻘﺩِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺒﻨﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺱ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺼ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫـﻲ ﹶﺘﺼ‪‬ـﻠﹸﺢ ﻟﻘﻴ‪‬ـﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺹ ﺒـﺘﻼﻭ ِﺓ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ـﻴﻐﹶﺔ‬
‫ﻴﺨﺘﻔﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺨ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﻤ‪‬ﻌﻠﹸـﻭ ٍﻡ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﺠـﺎﺀ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﻤﻜﺎ ٍ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺃﹶﺳ‪‬ـــــــــــــﻄﹸﺮ‪‬ﻻﺏ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﻘﻁِ؛ ﻭﻫﻭ ﻟﺫﻟﻙ ﺼﺎﻟِﺢ ﻟﻘﻴـﺎﺱ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ــﺤ ِﺭﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼ‪‬ــﺔ ﺒﺴــﻴﺎﻗِﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺃﹶﺻ‪‬ﻄﹸﺮ‪‬ﻻﺏ‬
‫ﺏ ﻋـﻥ ﺍﻷﻓـﻕ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﺭﺘﻔﺎﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻜﻭ‪‬ﺍ ِﻜ ِ‬
‫ﻁﺒِﻴ ِﻌﻲ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﹶﻗﺭ‪‬ﺃﻫﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺁﺨﺭﻫـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻭ‪‬ﻟﻬﺎ؛ ﻓﺈﻨﻪ ﻴﺘﱠﺨﺫ ﺍﻟﻬ‪‬ﻴﺌ ﹶﺔ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﻴﺭﻴﺩﻫﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ـﻥ‬
‫ـل ﻤـ‬
‫ـﺔ ﺍﻷﺼـ‬
‫ـﺔ ﻴ‪‬ﻭﻨﺎ ِﻨ ‪‬ﻴـ‬
‫ﹶﻜِﻠ ‪‬ﻤـ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔﻠﹶﻙ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻜﺭ‪‬ﻱ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﻌ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫‪‬ﻤﺴ‪‬ﺎ ِﺌ ِ‬
‫ﺤ ِﺭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹲﺔ‬
‫ﻉ ‪‬ﻤﻤﺎﺭ‪‬ﺴـ ﹲﺔ ﺴِـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺭﺒ‪‬ـﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻁِﻠﻘﹶﺕ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻋِـﺩ‪‬ﺓ‬
‫ﺃﺴﺘﺭﻻﺒﻭﺱ‪ُ ،‬ﺃ ﹾ‬
‫ﺕ ﻤ‪‬ﺠ ﱠﻔﻔﹶﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ل ‪‬ﻴ ِﺩ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻴ ٍ‬
‫ﺹ ﻓﻲ ﺤ‪‬ﻤ ِ‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬‬
‫ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘﹶﻠ ﱠ‬
‫ﺸ ﹾﻨﻘﹰﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﺘﻤﻨﺢ ﺤﺎ ِﻤﻠﹶﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻹﻋﺩﺍﻡ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺜﱠﺎﻨﻲ ﻤﺴﻘﻁ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻘﻁ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺤ ِﻜ ‪‬ﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬
‫ل ﺃﻥ ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻟﺭﺠل ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﻔﻀ‪ُ ‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﹸﺩﺭ ﹶﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﺨﺘﻔـﺎﺀ‪ .‬ﻭﺘـﺫﻫﺏ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﺼﺹ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻨﻬـﺎ ﹶﺘﺸﹸـ ﱡ‬
‫ﺤ‪‬ﺭ‪ ‬ﹶﻜ ﹶﺔ ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ ﺘﹸﻘﺩ‪ ‬ﻡ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﹸﺴـﻤ‪‬ﻰ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻁﹶـﺭ ﻋﻨـﺩﻤﺎ‬
‫ﻁﻠﹶـ ِ‬
‫ﺼ‪‬ﻼ ﹲﺓ ِﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ل ﺒﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻤﻁـ ‪‬ﺭ ﻗﺩﻴﻤـﺔ‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻨ ‪‬ﺯ ُ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﺩ‪‬ﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺨﺘﻠﻑ ﺒﺎﺨﺘﻼﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺘﻘﺩﺍﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻴﻨﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺘﺨﺘﻠﻑ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺱ‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﺒﻌ‪‬ﺔ ﺒﺎﻟﺴ‪‬ﺤﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﻘـﻭﻡ ﺍﻟﻨﱠـﺎ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ِﺒ ِﺘﻼﹶﻭ ِﺓ ﺼِـﻴ‪‬ﻎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﱠـﺭﻨﱡﻡ ﺒﺄﻏـﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻨﺎﺸﻴﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺸﹶـﻌ‪‬ﺎ ِﺌ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻤﺘﱠﺼـﻠﹶﺔ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﻌﻨﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﻤﺎل ﺍﻟـﺩ‪‬ﺍﺭِﺝ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻗﻼﻡ ﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼـﻴﻥ؛‬
‫ﻁ ﻤﺴﺘﻘﻴﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺜﱠﺎﻟﺙ ﺍﻟﻜﹸﺭﺓ ﺒﺫﺍﺘِﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺨﱟ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫" ﹸﻜلﱠ ﺸـﻲﺀ ﻴ‪‬ﻨـﺎﻗِﺽ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗـﻊ"‪،‬ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﻱ ﻤﺴﻘﻁ ﻤﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒﻼ ﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭ ﺁﺨﺭ "ﻤﺎﻻ ‪‬ﻭﺠ‪‬ﻭﺩ ﻟـﻪ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻁﺭ‪‬ﻻﺏ‬
‫ﺴﹸ‬
‫ﻷ‪‬‬
‫ﺼ ِﻨ ‪‬ﻊ ﻫﻭ ﺍ َ‬
‫ل ﻤﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭَﺃﻭ‪ُ ‬‬
‫ﻲ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺴ‪‬ـﻁﱠﺢ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻌﻁِـﻲ‬
‫ﺤ‪‬‬
‫ﻁِ‬
‫ﺴ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺒﺎﻟﺭ‪‬ﺼـ ِﺩ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﻅﹶـﺭِﻱ‬
‫ﻁﺭ‪‬ﻻ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴﹸ‬
‫ﻷ‪‬‬
‫ﺍَ‬
‫ﻉ ﻨﹶﺠ ٍﻡ ﻤﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒﺎﻟﺘﱠـﺎﻟِﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﻴﻡ ﺍﺭﺘﻔﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤِﻘﺩﺍ ‪‬ﺭ ﻤﺎ ﺍﻨﻘﻀـﻰ ﻤـﻥ ﺴـﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬
‫ل ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱠﻬﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﻠﱠﻴل‪ ،‬ﻭﻴ‪‬ﻤﻬ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺒﻴ َ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗِــﻊ"‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻟــﺭ‪‬ﺍﺠِﺢ ﺃﻥ ﻫــﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﻤﺎل ﺇﻨﻤﺎ ﺠﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﺠﺘﻬـﺎﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘﺭ‪‬ﺠﻤﻴﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻭﺍﺌـل ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﻬﻀـﺔ‬
‫ﺠﻤ‪‬ـ ﹰﺔ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻌﻠﹸﻭﺍ ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭ ﹶﺓ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ ‪ myth‬ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺘﹶﻌﻨِﻲ ﻤﺎ‬
‫ل ﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﻤﺴﺎﺌل ﻋِﻠﻡ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔﹶﻠﻙِ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻜﺭ‪‬ﻱ‬
‫ﺤﱢ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﺩﻭﻥ ﺍﻻﻟﺘﺠــﺎﺀ ﺇﻟــﻰ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﻤِﻠﻴ‪‬ــﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﻁﺭ‪‬ﻻ ‪‬‬
‫ﻷﺴ‪‬ـ ﹸ‬
‫ﺤﺴ‪‬ﺎ ِﺒ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻨـﺎﻙ ﺍ َ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻋﺼ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫ﺨﻁﹼﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﺴ‪‬ـﻤ‪‬ﻰ ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ـﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﺴﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫـﻭ ﻴﺸـﺒﻪ ﺒﻬﻴﺌﺘـﻪ‬
‫ﻁ ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ـﺫﺍ‬
‫ـﺎﺏ‪ .‬ﻭﻓـﻲ ﻫـ‬
‫ﺴـ‬
‫ﺤ‪‬‬
‫ِﻤﺴ‪‬ـﻁﹶﺭ ِﺓ ﺍﻟ ٍ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ـﻭﻁ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺭﺒ‪‬ﻭﻁﹶـ‬
‫ﺨﻴ‪‬ـ‬
‫ـﻁﺭﻻﺏ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴـ‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗِــﻊ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻜﱠــﺩ ﻫــﺫﺍ‬
‫‪‬ﻴﻨﹶــﺎ ِﻗ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻻﻟــ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻘﻠِﻴ ِﺩﻴ‪‬ــ ﹸﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺴــﺘﻌﻤﺎ َ‬
‫ﻷﺴﺎﻁﻴﺭ ﺍﻷﻭ‪‬ﻟﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺘﺘﻌﻠﱠﻕ‬
‫ﺒﺄﺨﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺭﻑ ﻭﻤﺎ ﻴﺘﱠﺼل ﺒﻪ‪.‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻥ ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﺠﻤﻴﻌ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﻥ ِﺒﺩِﻴ ٍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﹶﺘﺩِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺢ ﻤ‪‬ﺴ ﹶﺘﻭٍ‪،‬‬
‫ﻁٍ‬
‫ﺴ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹸﻜ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺓ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻤﺎﻭﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪‬‬
‫‪MYTH‬‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺱ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺎ ِﺌ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﻼ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻟﻁﱡﻘﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻴﻨﻘﻁﻊ ﻁﻭﻴ ﹰ‬
‫ﺃﹸﺳ‪‬ﻄﹸﻮﺭ‪‬ﺓ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺍِﺳ‪‬ﺘِﺴ‪‬ﻘﹶﺎﺀ‬
‫ﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﺠﻤِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺁﻻﺕ ﹶﻓﹶﻠ ِﻜﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ .‬ﹶﺘ ﹾﻨﺤ‪‬ﺼِ ‪‬ﺭ ﻓـﻲ ﺜﻼﺜـﺔ‬
‫ﻁ‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ل ﻤ‪ ‬‬
‫ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ ﺭﺌﻴﺴﻴﺔ‪ :‬ﺍﻷﻭل ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻤﺜﱢ ُ‬
‫" ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺠ‪‬ﺩ"‪.‬‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﻴﺭ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﻑ ﺍﻷﺴﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻌ‪‬ﺎ ِﺭ ِ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﻭﺸﺎﻋ‪‬ﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻭﺭﻭﺒﺎ ﻭﻓﻲ ﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬
‫‪ASTROLABE‬‬
‫ل ﻁﺎ ِﺌﻔﹶـ ٍﺔ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺘﻌﻴﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺯ‪‬ﻤﻥ ﻭﺤ ﱢ‬
‫ﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻫـﺫﺍ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔﻬ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﻅﱠـ ِ‬
‫ﻭﺃَﻏِﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﻟﻸﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ – ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭِﻫﺎ ﻤ‪‬ﻨﺎﻗِﻀـ ﹰﺔ‬
‫ﺽ‬
‫ﻟﻠﻭﺍﻗِﻊ – ﹶﻗﺩِﻴﻡ‪‬؛ ﻓﻘﺩ ﺍﻋﺘﺭﺽ ﺒﻌ ‪‬‬
‫‪٦٠‬‬
‫ﻋﺩ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﻤﺎ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺭ "*ﻫﻭﻤﻴﺭﻭﺱ"‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺩﻋِﻲ ﻤﺭﺤﻠـ ﹰﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻨﻴﺔ ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫‪ Muller‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻑ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻲ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻁﻴِﺭ ﻋﺒﺎﺭ ﹰﺓ ﻋـﻥ‬
‫ﺃﻭﺭﺩ‪‬ﻩ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﺴﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺒﻠﻎ ﻤﻥ ﺒ‪‬ﻌـﺩِﻫﺎ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﺯ‪‬ﻤـﺎﻥ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺼﻨﱠﻔﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺴ ‪‬ﻊ ﻋﺸﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻪ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨﻴ‪‬ـﺎلٍ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻭﻫ‪‬ـﻡ‪ ...‬ﻭَﺃﺒ‪‬ـﻰ‬
‫ﹶﺘﻬ‪‬ﺎﻭِﻴل ﹶ‬
‫ﺽ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺯ‪‬ﻤﺎﻥ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺍ ﹾﻜ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻨﻔﹶﻬﺎ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻐﻤ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻜل ﺠﺎﻨﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻋﺎﻥ ﺫﻟـﻙ ﺍﻟﺨﻴـﺎل‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﻋﻠﻡ ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻁِﻴ ِﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺭ‪‬ﻥ؛ ﻭﻫـﻭ‬
‫ﻴﺫﻫﺏ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻷﺴـﻁﹸﻭﺭﺓ ﺇﻨﻤـﺎ‬
‫ـﻭﻤﻴﺭﻭﺱ‬
‫ـﻪ *ﻫـ‬
‫ل ﺒـ‬
‫ـﺎ َ‬
‫ـﺫﻱ ﻗـ‬
‫ﺍﻟـ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺘﺼﻭﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻠـﻭﻙ ﺘﹶﺼـﻭِﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ‬
‫ﺠ ﹶﺔ ﹸﻗﺼ‪‬ﻭﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ؛ ﻤﻤﺎ‬
‫ﺸﺄَﺕ ﹶﻨﺘِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﹶﻨ ﹶ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﻏﹶﻠﺒ‪‬ـ ﹾ‬
‫ﺴﺤِﻴ ﹶﻘﺔٍ ﹶ‬
‫ﻋﺼ‪‬ﻭ ٍﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨﺎ ِﺭﻗﹰﺎ ﻓﻲ ‪‬‬
‫ﻴﺅﺩﻱ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻴﻜﻭﻥ ﻟِﻠﺸﱠﻲﺀ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬
‫ﺏ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟـﺭﺃﻱ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﺩ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﻭﺓ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﻤ‪‬ﺘﻌـﺩ‪‬ﺩﺓ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤـﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻻﺴـ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﺕ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ "ﻴ‪‬ﻭﻫِﻴﻤِﻴﺭ‪‬ﻭﺱ" ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻤﺎ ﹶ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺩ ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤﺎ ﻴ‪‬ﻁﻠﻕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺸﻴﺎ ‪‬ﺀ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹸﻘ ‪‬ﺩﺭ‪‬ﺓ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺴـﻡ؛ ﻟﺼـﻭ‪‬ﺭﺕ‬
‫ﻑ ﻗِﺼ ﹰﺔ ﺨﻴﺎِﻟﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻓـﻲ ﺼـﻭﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺼ‪ ‬ﱠﻨ ﹶ‬
‫ﺠ ِﺔ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺼ ‪‬ﻭ ِﺭ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﻤﻥ ﻨﹶﺘﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﻅﱠﻠ ـ ِ‬
‫ـﺎ‪ .‬ﻭ ﹶ‬
‫ـﻰ ِﻤﺜﹶﺎﻟﻬـ‬
‫ـﺔ ﻋﻠـ‬
‫ﺍﻵﻟﻬـ‬
‫ﺭﺤﻠﺔ ﻓﻠﺴﻔﻴﺔ ﺘﻌﺭﻑ ﺒﺎﺴﻡ "ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬
‫ﺱ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻷﺴﻤﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤـﺎﻟﻭﺍ‬
‫ﺨﻠﹶﻁ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻁِﻴﺭ ﻋِﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻥ ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻘﺩ‪‬ﺱ"‪.‬‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻘﺎ ِﺩ ﺒﺄﻥ ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌـﺩ‪‬ﺩﺓ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺴﻔﹶﺔ ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴﻕ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻤـﺎ ‪‬ﺭﻭ‪‬ﺍﻩ‬
‫ﻼِ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟـﺫﱠﺍﻜﺭ ﹶﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻁﻴﺭ ﻤﻨﺫ ﺫﺍﻙ‪ ،‬ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻤﺜﱢ ُ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱡﺫﻴ‪‬ﻭﻉ ﺇﻻ ﺒﻔﻌل ﻤﺎﻜﹾﺱ ﻤ‪‬ﻭﻟﺭ ‪Max‬‬
‫ﺨﻠﹸﻭﺩ ﺍﻵﻟِﻬﺔ‬
‫ﺃﻜﺯﻭﻨﻭﻓﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻴ‪ ‬ﹾﻘ ﹶﺘﻨِﻊ‪ ‬ﺒ ﹸ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺽ ﻫــﺫﺍ‬
‫ﻋﺘﹶــ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ*ﻫﻴﺴــﻴﻭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﹶﻴﹶﻠﺴ‪‬ﻭﻑ ﺒﺼﻔ ٍﺔ ﺨﺎﺼ‪‬ـﺔٍ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺞ ﺒﺄﻨـﻪ‬
‫ﺤ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺘﺸﺒﻴﻪ ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ ﺒﺎﻟﻨﱠﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻭﺍﺌل ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻥ ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺒﻊ ﻗﺒل ﺍﻟﻤﻴﻼﺩ؛ ﺇﺫ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺵ‬
‫ﻷ ﹾﻨﻌ‪‬ﺎ ِﻡ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻭﺤ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ل ﻭﺍ َ‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬ﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺢ ِﻟ ﹾﻠ ﹶ‬
‫ﻟﻭ ُﺃﺘِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﺨﺘِﻠﻔﹶﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻥ ﻭﻗﹸـﻭﻯ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺭﻤ‪‬ﻭﺯ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺠ‪‬ﺎﺯ‪‬ﺍﺕ ﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻌ‪‬ﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﺕ ﺃﻥ ﻜل‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ﺤﺎﻭل ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﺜﺒِ ﹶ‬
‫ﺕ ﻤ‪‬ﺨﺘﻠِﻔﺔ ﻹﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﻟﻴﺴﺕ ﺇﻻ ﺘﺼﻭ‪‬ﺭﺍ ٍ‬
‫ﺴﻭ‪‬ﻯ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺸﺨِﻴﺹ ﻟﻤﺒـﺎﺩﺉ‬
‫ﻭﻫﺅﻻﺀ ِ‬
‫ﺤﻘِﻴﻘﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻭﻀ‪‬ـﺢ‬
‫ﺨﻴ‪‬ﺔ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﺤﺩﺍﺙ ﺘﺎﺭِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﺤِﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﻴﺌﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﺕ ﻤ‪‬ﺘﻌـﺩ‪‬ﺩﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﻅﻬ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﺃﺨﻼﻗﻴﺔ ﻭ ﹶﻨﻭ‪‬ﺍﻤِﻴﺱ‪ ‬ﻁﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭ ﹶ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ ﻟﻡ ﺘﻜﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺼل ﺴِﻭﻯ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻘﹶﺎﻁِﻊ ﺍﻷﺨﻴـﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺜﻡ ﺇﻥ ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻤﺎ َ‬
‫ل ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺤ ﹶﺘﻜِ ‪‬ﻡ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻘﹾـ ِ‬
‫ﺍﺘﺠﺎﻩ ﺁﺨﺭ ﻴ‪ ‬‬
‫ﻜﺎﺌِﻨﺎﺕ ﺇﻨﺴﺎﻨﻴﺔ َﺃ ﹾﺜ ‪‬ﺒﺘﹶﺕ ﺍﻤﺘﻴﺎﺯ‪‬ﻫﺎ؛ ﻓﻤﺎ‬
‫ﺱ ﺘﺫﻜﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻭﺘﺄﻨﻴﺜﹰـﺎ‬
‫ﺠ ﹾﻨ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺍﻟﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭ ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻁِﻴﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺫﻫﺏ ﺃﺼﺤﺎﺒ‪‬ﻪ‬
‫ﻜﺎﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎﺱ ﺇﻻ ﺃﻥ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺩ‪‬ﻭﻫﺎ ﺒﻌﺩ‬
‫ﻁﺎﺌﻔ ﹰﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻠﹸﻭﻙ ﺒﻠﻐﺕ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﹸـ ‪‬ﻭ ِﺓ‬
‫ـﺔ"‬
‫ـﻡ "ﺍ ﹾﻟﻴ‪‬ﻭﻫِﻴﻤﻴﺭﻴ‪‬ــــ‬
‫ﺒﺎﺴــــ‬
‫ﺱ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ ﺸﹶﺄ ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﻋﻅﻴﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺠﻌل ﺍﻟﻨﱠـﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺘﻁِﻴ ‪‬ﻊ‬
‫‪ .euhemerism‬ﻭﻴ‪‬ﺴـــ‬
‫ﻴ‪ ‬ﹶﺘﺠ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻭﺯ‪‬ﻭﻥ‪ ‬ﺒﻬﺎ ﻋﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗِـﻊ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﺙ ﺃﻥ ﻴﻘــﺭ‪‬ﺭ ﺃﻥ ﺩِﺭﺍﺴ‪‬ــ ﹶﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤِــ ﹸ‬
‫ﺞ‬
‫ﻭﺍ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻘﺩ‪ ‬ﺃﻨﺩﺭﻭ ﻻﻨﺞ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻤِـﻨﻬ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨﻭ‪‬ﺍﺭِﻕ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ‪‬ﻴ َﺅﱢﻟﻬ‪‬ﻭﻨﹶﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻬﺫﺍ‬
‫ﻋﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﻲ ﺇﻨﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺞ ﺍﻟ ِﻌ ﹾﻠﻤِـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭﺓ ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻨﻬ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭ ِﺭﻱ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﺘﺭﻜﱠـﺯ ﺤـﻭل‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻤﺜﹸل‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻡ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻌﺩِ ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺃﻭﻟﺌـﻙ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻁﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻤـﺔ ﻋﺒـﺎﺭﺓ ﻋـﻥ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻓـﻲ َﺃﺼ‪‬ـِﻠﻬ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﺠ ﹶﻨﺤ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﻜﺫﻟﻙ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺘﺼـﻭ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺤِﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﻭﺘﻬﺎ‪ ...‬ﻭﺍﺸﺘﻬﺭ ﻫـﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻤـﺫﻫﺏ‬
‫ﻴﺅﻜﱢﺩ ﺘﹶﺸﺨِﻴﺹ‪ ‬ﺍﻵﻟِﻬـﺔ‪ ...‬ﻭﻴـﺭﻯ‬
‫ﺸﺄُﻭﺍ ‪‬ﻤﺠ‪‬ـﺎﻤِﻊ‬
‫ﻤﻭﻟﺭ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻵﺭﻴﻴﻥ ﺃَﻨ ﹶ‬
‫ﺁﻟﻬﺘﻬﻡ ﺤـﻭل ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻤﺱ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺠـﺭ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻤﺎﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ﺸِﻤﺱ ﻓﻲ ﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭ ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻁِﻴﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻜﱠﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺨﻴ‪‬ـﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻌـل‬
‫ﻟﻸﺴﺎﻁﻴﺭ ﻭﺍ ِﻗﻌ‪‬ﺎ ﺘﺎﺭِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻤﻭﻟﺭ ﻓﻲ ﻜﺘﺎﺒﻪ "ﻤﻘﺩ‪‬ﻤﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺩِﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻁِﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﻟﻡ ﺘﻨﺸﺄ ﻋﻥ ﹸﻗﺼ‪‬ـﻭ ٍﺭ‬
‫ل ﺇﻥ ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻁِﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﻗـﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺼﺢ ﺃﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﻘﺎ َ‬
‫ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭﺓ" ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ ﺼ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﺭ ﻋـﺎ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﱡﻐﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻬـﺎ ﻨﺸـﺄﺕ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺃﺼﺒﺢ ﻟﻬﺎ ﺒﻔﻀل ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻻﺘﺠﺎﻩ ﻭﺍ ِﻗ ‪‬ﻊ‬
‫ﺙ ﺍﻟﺠـﺎﺩ‪‬ﺓ‬
‫‪ ،١٨٢٥‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺩ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺒﺎﺤِ ﹶ‬
‫ﺼ ِﺭ ﺍﻟﻜﹶﻭ ِﻨﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻫـﻭ‬
‫ﺘﹶﺸﺨِﻴﺹِ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻨﹶﺎ ِ‬
‫ـﺫﺕ‬
‫ـﺎﺭﻴﺦ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﺨـ‬
‫ـل ﺍﻟﺘﱠـ‬
‫ـﺎ ﻗﺒـ‬
‫ﻓﻴﻤـ‬
‫ﺤﻅﱡﻬﺎ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ل ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﻥ ﺍﻷﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﻟﻡ ‪‬ﻴ ِﻘ ّ‬
‫ﻉ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺸـﺨﻴﺹ‬
‫‪‬ﻴﺭ‪‬ﻯ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱡﻨﺯ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺠﻌ‪‬ـ َ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺘﺠﺎﻩ ﺃَﻫﻤ‪‬ﻴﺘﹸﻪ؛ ﺫﻟﻙ ﻷﻨـﻪ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﺩﺃﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻴﺩ ﻜـﺎﺭل‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺘﻔﺭﻴـﺩ‬
‫‪٦١‬‬
‫ﺤﻴ‪‬ـﺎﺓ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺴﺒ‪‬ﺎﻍ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﱠﺠﺴِﻴﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇ ‪‬‬
‫ﺱ ﺃﺴﺒﻕ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭﺓ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﻘﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ِﻟﻬِﺩﺍﻴﺔ ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻷُﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﺒﻬـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﻅﻭ‪‬ﺍﻫِﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺤﺴ‪‬ﻭﺴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺎﺌِﻨﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻅﻬ‪‬ﻭﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻌﺩ‪ ‬ﺍﻷُﺴـﻁﹸﻭﺭ ﹸﺓ ﻋﻨـﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ـﻭﻱ ﻓـ‬
‫ـﺭ ﺤﻴـ‬
‫ـﻰ ﻋﻨﺼـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻨـ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺴﺘﻨﺩ ﺃﻨﺩﺭﻭ ﻻﻨﺞ ﻓﻲ ﻨﻘﺩﻩ ﻟﻨﻅﺭﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺃﺼﺤﺎﺏ ﻫـﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻤـﺫﻫﺏ ﺘﻔﺴـﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ‬
‫ﺤﻀ‪‬ﺎﺭ‪‬ﺓ ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻨﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﻟﻴﺴـﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ ﻤﻥ ﻤﺭﺍﺤِل ﺍﻟ ِﻔﻜﹾـﺭ ﹶﺘ ﱠﺘﺴِـ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺤ ‪‬ﺩﺜِﻴﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺴـﺎﻁِﻴﺭ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﱡﻘﻭﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﹸﻨﻅﱢﻡ ﻗﹶﻭﺍﻋِـ ‪‬ﺩ ﻋﻤﻠﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻅﻬ‪‬ـﻭﺭ‬
‫ﺙ ﺍﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ"‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﺤـﺩﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﺠ ِﻤﻌ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﺍﻵﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪‬ﻭﺠ‪‬ﻭ ِﺩ ﺭﺍ ِﺒﻁﹶـﺔ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻬﺎ ﹸﻗﻭ‪‬ﺓ ﹶﻓﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﺔ ﺘﺴـﺘﻠﺯﻡ ﺠﻬـﺩ‪‬ﺍ‬
‫ﻁﻘﹸﻭﺱ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺜﻴﻘﺔ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻁِﻴﺭ ﻭﺍﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﻀ ِﻨﻴ‪‬ﺎ‪ ...‬ﺇﻨﻬﺎ ﻟﻴﺴﺕ ﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﺫِﻫﻨﻴ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﻋ ﹾﻠ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﻤﻭﻟﺭ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻴﻌﺎِﻟﺠ‪‬ﻬﺎ " ِ‬
‫ﻁﻘﹸﻭﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻜـﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻠﹶﻤـﺎ ‪‬ﺀ‬
‫ﺘﻤﺜﻴﻠﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﻟﻠ ﱡ‬
‫ﺤﺴ‪‬ﺏ‪،‬‬
‫ﻍ ﹶﻓ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﹶﺭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻤﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻴﻘﻭﻡ ﺒ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺯ ِ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺠلﱡ ﺍﻋﺘﻤـﺎﺩِﻩ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺘﺌﺫ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟ ِﻌ ﹾﻠ ِﻤﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻟﺤﻴﺎﺓ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺭﺍﺴﺎ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭَﺃ ﹾﺜﺒ‪‬ﺘ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻻ ﺘﺼﻭﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻓﹶﻨﻴ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻬﺎ ﻤﻴﺜـﺎﻕ‬
‫ﺠﻤ‪‬ﺎﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﺩ‪‬ﺍ ِﺌﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻷُﺴـﻁﹸﻭﺭ ﹶﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﻜﹾﻤـﺔ‬
‫ﻋﻤﻠﻲ ﻟﻠ ‪‬ﻌﻘِﻴ ‪‬ﺩ ِﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺍﺌِﻴـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﻤﺭﺍﺤل ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻴﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﻓـﻲ ﺃﻭﺍﺌـل‬
‫ﺤﻜﺎﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻴﺔ ﻟﻬﺎ ﻤﻜﺎﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻤﺘـﺎﺯ‬
‫ﻱ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺘﻘﺩﻴﻥ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ ﻟﻭﺍ ِﻗ ٍﻊ ﻓِﻁﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺸﺭﻴﻥ ﺃﺤﻴـﺎ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻜـﺭﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺴﺒ‪‬ﺒﻴ‪‬ﻥ‪:‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺤﻴﺎﺘﻪ ﹶﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺱ‬
‫ﻻ ﻴﺯﺍل ﻴﺘﺤﻜﱠﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺤ‪‬ﻴـﺎ ِﺓ ﺍﻟﻨﱠـﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺭﺃﻱ ﺘﻴﻠﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺘﹶﻠﺨﱠﺹ ﻓـﻲ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻘﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﺒﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﺡ ﻓـﻲ ﻜـل‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺸﻲﺀ ﻜﺎﻥ ﺒﻤﺜﺎﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ ﺍﻷُﻭﻟﹶـﻰ‬
‫ﻋﻥ ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﺩ‪‬ﺍﺌِﻲ؛ ﺇﻨﻤـﺎ ﺘﻌﻨـﻲ‬
‫ﻋﻨﹾـ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼ ِﻗﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ ...‬ﻭﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ِ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﻔﺴ‪‬ـﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻤـﺫﻫ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻭﻟﻬﻤﺎ‪ -‬ﹶﻗﺩ‪‬ﺍﺴ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭﺓ ﻋﻨـﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻁِﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﺒﺄﻨﻬﺎ ﺃﺼﺩﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﻅـﻭﺍﻫﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺍﺌﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻤﺱ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻤﺭ ﺒﺼِ ﹶﻔﺔٍ ﺨﺎﺼ‪‬ﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺼﻭ‪‬ﺭﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴﻤﺎ ِﻭﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺒﺼِ ﹶﻔﺔٍ ﻋﺎﻤ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺤﺭﻜـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﻗﺩﺍﺭِﻫﻡ ﻭﺃﻋﻤﺎﻟِﻬﻡ ﻓﻲ ﻋ‪‬ﺼـﺭِﻨﺎ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻀﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻌﺭﻓﺘﻬﺎ ﹸﺘ ِﻤﺩ‪ ‬ﺍﻹﻨﺴـﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺜﺎﻨﻴﻬﻤﺎ‪ -‬ﺃﻥ ﻟﻬﺎ ﻫﺩﻓﹰﺎ ﻋﻅﻴﻤ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫ﺽ ﺒﺎﻷﻋﺒـﺎﺀ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﺤﺎﻓِﺯ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﱡﻬـﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺱ ﻭﺍﻟ ﹶﻔﻀ‪‬ـﺎ ِﺌلُ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﹸﻤﻠِﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻁﱡﻘﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻹﻨﺠﻠﻴﺯﻴﺔ )ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺃﺴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺴـﻴﺭ‬
‫ﺕ ﻭﻫـﻲ‬
‫ﺴ ﹾ‬
‫"ﺇﻥ ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭ ﹶﺓ ﺇﺫﺍ ‪‬ﺩ ِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺢ ﻟﻪ ﻁﺭﻴﻘ ﹶﺔ ﺃﺩﺍﺌِﻬـﺎ"‪ .‬ﻭﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺘﹸﻭﻀ‪ ‬‬
‫ﺠﻴﻤﺱ ﺠﻭﺭﺝ ﻓﺭﻴـﺯﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺠـﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺤﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻓﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﺔ‪ ...‬ﻓﺴﻭﻑ ‪‬ﻴﺘﱠﻀﺢ ﺃﻨﻬـﺎ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺃﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﻤﺩﺭﺴـﺔ ﺍﻷﻨﺜﺭﻭﺒﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻴﻘﻭل ﺒﺭﻭﻨﺴﻼﻭ ﻤﺎﻟﻴﻨﻭﻓﺴﻜﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﻜﻤﺎ ﺘﹸـ ‪‬ﺯ ‪‬ﻭﺩ‪‬ﻩ ﺒﺎﻹﺭﺸـﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺴِﻴﺭ ﺃﻥ ﹶﻨﻀ‪‬ﻊ‪ ‬ﺘﻌﺭﻴﻔﹰﺎ ﻟﻸُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭ ِﺓ‬
‫ﻫﺎﺭﻴﺴﻭﻥ(؛ ﻓﻘﺩ ﺤﺎﻭ‪‬ﻟﺕ ﺃﻥ ﹸﺘ ﹶﻔﺴ‪‬ـﺭ‬
‫ﻟﻴﺴﺕ ﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﺘﻤﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺌِﺩ ﹸﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴ‪‬ﺔ؛‬
‫ﺃﺴﺎﻁِﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﺭﻕ ﺍﻷﺩﻨـﻰ ﻭﺒـﻼﺩ‬
‫ﻭﺇﻨﻤﺎ ﻫﻲ ﺇﺤﻴﺎﺀ ﻗﺼﺼﻲ ﻟﻭﺍﻗـ ٍﻊ‬
‫ﺱ‬
‫ﻁﻘﹸـﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻁﻠﹶﺤﺎﺕِ ﺍﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻴ‪‬ﻭﻨﺎﻥ ﺒ ‪‬ﻤﺼ‪‬ـ ﹶ‬
‫ﻁﺭِﻱ ﻴ‪‬ﺭﻭ‪‬ﻯ ﺍﺴـﺘﺠﺎﺒ ﹰﺔ ﹶﻟ ﹶﻨﺯ‪‬ﻋ‪‬ـﺎﺕٍ‬
‫ِﻓ ﹾ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺤ ِﺭ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﺭ‪‬ﻯ ﻓﺭﻴـﺯﺭ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﻭﺭ‪‬ﺓ‬
‫ﺩﻴﻨﻴﺔ ﻋﻤﻴﻘـﺔ ﻭﻤﻴـﻭل ﺃﺨﻼﻗﻴـﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭ‪‬ﺠﻬﺎﺕ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﻅﹶﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺤﺴﺒﻨﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻨﹸـﻭ ِﺭ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱠﻤﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟ ﹸﺫﺒ‪‬ﻭل ﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺃَﺒـﺩﻋﺕ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺭﺘﺒﺎﻁﺎﺕ ﺍﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ؛ ﺒل ﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬
‫ﺸﻤ‪‬ﻭل؛‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻡ ﺒﺎﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﻑ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ‪‬ﻴ ﱠﺘ ِ‬
‫ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻭ‪‬ﺼ ﹶ‬
‫ﺼﺼ‪‬ﻭﻥ‪‬؛‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠ ِﻤ ‪‬ﻊ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻠﹶﻤﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺘ ﹶ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﺫﻟﻙ ﻷﻥ ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭﺓ ﻭﺍﻗِـ ‪‬ﻊ ﺜﻘـﺎﻓ ‪‬‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻌﻘِﻴﺩ ِ‪ ،‬ﺘﺨﺘﻠِﻑ ﺤﻭﻟﹶـﻪ‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻤ ِﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺭ‬
‫ﺤ ﹶﺘﻀِــ‬
‫ـﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ـﻭﺭ‪ ‬ﹶﺓ ﺍﻹﻟــ‬
‫ﺼ‪‬ــ‬
‫ﺤﺎﺠﺎﺕ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻓﺎﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭﺓ ﺘﻘـﻭﻡ‬
‫ﻭﺃﺴﻁﻭﺭﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫـﺫﺍ ﻫـﻭ ﺘﻔﺴـﻴﺭ‬
‫ﻰ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺜﱠﻘﺎﻓ ِﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺍ ِﺌﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺒ‪‬ﻭﻅِﻴﻔﺔ ﻻ ﻏِﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ِﺭ ‪‬ﺩ ﺤ‪‬ـﺩﺜﹰﺎ ‪‬ﻭﻗﹶـ ‪‬ﻊ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﻘ ‪‬ﺩﺴ‪‬ﺎ ﻭ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ـﻭل‬
‫ـﺩﻭﺭ ﺤـ‬
‫ـﻲ ﺘـ‬
‫ـﺎﻁِﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﺘـ‬
‫ﻟﻸﺴـ‬
‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ؛ ﻓﻬﻲ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻌﺒ‪‬ـﺭ ﻋـﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ِﻘﻴـﺩ ِﺓ‬
‫ﻋﺼ‪‬ﻭ ٍﺭ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻤﻌِ ﹶﻨﺔٍ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ِﻘ ‪‬ﺩﻡِ‪،‬ﻋﺼـﻭﺭ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫*ﺃﺩﻭﻨﻴﺱ ﻭ* ﺃﺘﻴﺱ ﻭ* ﺃﻭﺯﻴﺭﻴﺱ‪.‬‬
‫ﻕ‬
‫ﻭ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﺯﻜﱢﻴﻬﺎ ﻭ ﹸﺘ ﹶﻘ ﱢﻨﻨﹸﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﺘﺼ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﺍﻷﺨﻼ ﹶ‬
‫ﺨﺭﺍﻓﻴﺔ ﺘﺴﺘﻭﻋﺏ ﺒِﺩﺍﻴ ﹶﺔ ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻴﻘﺔ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ‬
‫ـﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺘﺨﺼ‪‬ﺼـ‬
‫ـﺫﻫﺏ ﺒﻌ ـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻴـ‬
‫ﻭﺘﺩﻋﻤﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺒﺭﻫﻥ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻜﻔـﺎﺀﺓ‬
‫ﺒﻌﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﺃﺨﺭﻯ ﺍﻷﺴـﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﺘﺤﻜـﻲ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﻭ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭ ﹶﺓ ﺘﹶﺭﻭِﻱ ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺨﹰـﺎ‬
‫‪٦٢‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺨﺎﺭِﻗـﺔ؛ ﺘﺴﺘﻭﻋﺏ ﺘﹶﺸﻜِﻴ َل ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩ‪‬ﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻹﺳ‪‬ﻜﹶﻨ‪‬ﺪ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻷﻛﱪ‬
‫ل ﻜﺎﺌﻨـﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﺒﻭﺴﺎﻁﺔ ﺃﻋﻤﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻗﻌﺔ‪ ...‬ﻗﺩ ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻜل ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘـﺔ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﻁﻘﹸﻭﺴ‪‬ﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﺘﻌـﺭ‪‬ﺽ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤـﻊ‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﻜل ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﻤﺜل ﺍﻟ ﹶﻜﻭ‪‬ﻥ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ‪...‬‬
‫ل ﻤﻌـﻪ ﺍﻷﺴـﻁﻭﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘﻔﹶﺎﻋ‪‬ـ ُ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺯﺭِ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻓﺼﻴﻠﺔ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﺠﺯِﻴﺭﺓ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺒﺘﻁﻭ‪‬ﺭﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘﺒ‪ ‬ﺩ ‪‬ﺩ ﺘﺤـﺕ ﻭﻁـﺄﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ ﻏﺯﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﱢﻴل ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﺢ ﺍﻟﻜﻴـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺴ ﹾﻔ ِ‬
‫ﺤﺩِﺭ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋ ﹾﻘ ‪‬ﺩﺘﹸﻬﺎ ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻨ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺵ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻴﺩﻱ ﺃﺭﺴﻁﻭ ﻭﺍﺭﺘﻘﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﻌ‪ ‬ﺭ ﹶ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻭﺠ‪‬ـﻭ ِﺩ ﺤﻘﻴﻘـﺔ‬
‫ﻜﻴﻑ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺯ ﹾ‬
‫ـﺎ‬
‫ـﺩﺓ ﻟﻬـ‬
‫ﻲ ﻋﻘﻴـ‬
‫ـﺩﺍ ِﺌ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺒـ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴـ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﺠﺎﻨﺒ‪‬ﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﺔ؛ ﻤﺜـل‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﻙ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻀ‪‬ﺭﺏ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﻠﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻨﻲ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻤﻨﻅﻤﺔ ﺍﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‪...‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭﺓ ﺒﻬﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻨـﻰ ِﻗﺼ‪‬ـﺔ‬
‫ﻫﻭ ﺍﻹﺴﻜﻨﺩﺭ ﺒﻥ ﻓﻴﻠﻴـﺏ ﻤﻠـﻙ‬
‫ﻟﻌﻭﺍﻤل ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴ‪‬ﺭ؛ ﺘﻁﻭ‪‬ﺭﺕ ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭ ﹸﺓ‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻘﺩ‪‬ﻭﻨﹾﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﻤﻥ ﺃﺸﻬﺭ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺘِﺤﻴﻥ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﺭ ﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴـﺔ ﺃﻗـﻭﻯ؛ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻨﻔﹶـﺭِﻁ‬
‫ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻑ ﺍﻹﺴﻜﻨﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﻤ‪ ‬ﻌﺭِﻓـ ﹶﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻬِﻨﺩ‪.‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﹶﺜﻘِ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤــﺎﻋﻲ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭﺴ‪‬ــﺏ ﻓــﻲ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻭ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺸﺭﻴﻥ ﻤـﻥ ﻋ‪‬ﻤـﺭِﻩ‪،‬‬
‫ل ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﻟﺤـﺎﻟﹶﻴﻥ‬
‫ﻅﱡ‬
‫ﺸﻌ‪‬ﻭﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﻼﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻉ ﺒﻔﻀل ﺒﺭﺍﻋﺘﻪ ﻓﻲ ﻓﻨﻭﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺴﺘﻁﺎ ‪‬‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺸَﺄ‬
‫"ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﻤﺎ"؛ ﻓﻬﻲ ﺘﹶﺭﻭِﻱ ﻜﻴﻑ ﹶﻨ ﹶ‬
‫‪ALEXANDER THE‬‬
‫‪GREAT‬‬
‫ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺸﻲﺀ ﺃﻭ ﺫﻟﻙ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﺘـﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﻋﻘﻴﺩ ﹰﺓ ﺃﻭ ﻀـﺭﺒ‪‬ﺎ ﻤـﻥ ﻀ‪‬ـﺭ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﻭﺍﻗِﻊ ﻓـﻲ َﺃﻭ‪‬ﻟﻴ‪‬ﺎﺘِـ ِﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﺒﻁﺎﻟﹸﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺴ ﹰﺔ ﻏﻴﺭ ﻤﻌﻘﻭﻟﺔ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺤﺭ ﺃﻭ ﻤ‪‬ﻤﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺜـﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴﻐﹾـ ‪‬ﺯ ‪‬ﻭ ﺍﻟﻐﹶـ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻘﻘﹸﻭﺍ‬
‫ﻜﺎﺌﻨﺎﺕ ﺨﺎﺭِﻗﺔ ﻭﻴ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺭﻓﹸﻭﻥ ﺒﻤﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﻴ‪‬ـ ﹰﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺜﻴـﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺸﻌِﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﹰﺓ ﺍﺠﺘﻤﺎ ِ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﻋﺼﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻜﻭِﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻡ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺩ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﺘﺘﺤﻭ‪‬ل ﺇﻟﻰ ﻤﺤﺎ ِﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ﺭﺌﻴﺴﻴﺔ ﺘﹸﻌـﺎ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻼﺜﻴﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ؛ ﺫﻟﻙ ﻷﻥ ﺍﻷُﻭﻟﹶﻰ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘﺭ‪‬ﻜﱠـﺯ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭﺓ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻌﺩ‪ ‬ﻤـﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﹰﺓ ﻟﻠﻌﻠﹾـ ِﻡ‬
‫ل ﺘﹶﺼـ ‪‬ﻭ ِﺭ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗِـﻊ ﻭﺇﻥ ﻜـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺤﻭ َ‬
‫ﺼﺹِ ﻓﻲ ﺩِﺭﺍﺴﺎﺘِﻬﺎ؛ ﻭﻫـﻭ‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺕ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗِـ ِﻊ‬
‫ﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﻻ ﹶﺘﻤ‪‬ـ ﱡ‬
‫ﻥ ﺩﺍﺌﻤ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫ﺘﹶﺼ ‪‬ﻭﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﺨﺎ ِﺭﻗﹰـﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻘﺘﹶـ ِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻡ ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻁِﻴﺭ ﺃَﻭ "ﺍﻟﻤِﻴﺜﹸﻭﻟﹸﻭﺠ‪‬ﻴـﺎ"؛‬
‫ﻁﻘﹸﻭﺱ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻤﺜﱢﻠﹸﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻡ ﺇﻨﻤﺎ ﻴ‪‬ﻌﻨﹶﻰ ﺒﻬﺎ ﻭﻫﻲ ﺤﻴ‪‬ﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﺘﻠﻙ ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤِﺼـ ِﺭﻴ‪‬ﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻌﺏ ﺘﻤﻴﻴ ‪‬ﺯ ﺍﻷُﺴـﻁﹸﻭﺭﺓ ﻋـﻥ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭﺓ؛ ﻓﺈﻨﻨﺎ ﻨﹸﺸﻴﺭ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺃﻨﻬـﺎ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻤﺜﻴﻠﻲ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﺘﺤﻭ‪‬ﻟﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﱠﻜ ِ‬
‫ﺤﻜﺎﻴﺔ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺃﻭ ﺸِﺒﻪ ﺇﻟـﻪ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻜـﺎﺌِﻥ‬
‫ﻋﻘﻴﺩﺓ ﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺍﺭﺘﺒﻁﺕ ﺒﺎﻟﺸﱠﻌﺎﺌﺭ‬
‫ﻕ ﺍﻹﻨﺴـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺨﺎﺭِﻕ ﹸﺘ ﹶﻔﺴ‪‬ـﺭ ﺒ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻨﻁِـ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺃﺼـﺒﺤﺕ ﺤﻜﺎﻴـ ﹰﺔ‬
‫ﻅﻭ‪‬ﺍ ِﻫ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﺤﻴـﺎﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﻁﱠﺒﻴﻌـﺔ‬
‫ﻲ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺍ ِﺌ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋ ﹾﻠ ِﻡ‬
‫ﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔﹰ؛ ﻓﺈﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﹶﺨﺭ‪‬ﺝ ﻤﻥ ﺇﻁﺎﺭ ِ‬
‫ﻉ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻭَﺃ ‪‬ﻭِﻟﻴ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻌﺭِﻓﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﹶﺘﻨﹾﺯ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﹾـﻡ * ﺍﻟﻔﹸﻭﻟﻜﻠﹸـﻭﺭ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﻤﻭﺍ ‪‬ﺩ ِ‬
‫ﺹ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﱠﻤﺜِﻴـل‬
‫ﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭﻫﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺸﺨِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺄﺜﹸﻭﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌ ِﺒﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﻲ ﺒﺼﻠﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﺃﺸﻬﺭ ﻫـﺫﻩ‬
‫ﺨ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﹼﺎﺭِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻭﻓﺔ ﺒﺎﺴـﻡ "ﺨﺩﻤـﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻠـﻙ‬
‫ﻨﻜﺘﺎﻨﻴﺒﻭ"‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺘﻠﺨﱠﺹ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻠـﻙ‬
‫ﻋﻠﹸـﻭﻡ‬
‫ﻨﻜﺘﺎﻨﻴﺒﻭ ﻜﺎﻥ ﺒﺎ ِﺭﻋ‪‬ـﺎ ﻓـﻲ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼﻨﹾﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺤﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﺤﻤِﻲ ﻤﻤﻠﻜﺘﹶﻪ ﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻁﻴﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺼﺒﺢ ﻤﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﹰﺓ ﺭ‪‬ﺌﻴﺴِـ ‪‬ﻴ ﹰﺔ‬
‫ﹶﺘﻤ‪‬ﺎﺜِﻴل ﻭﻨﹶﻤﺎﺫِﺝ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻤﻊ ﺘﻤﺜﱢـل‬
‫ﹸﻗﻭ‪‬ﺍﺕ ﺃﻋﺩﺍﺌِﻪ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﻴﺘﻠﻭ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺒﻌﺽ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻭِﻴــﺫ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ــﺤﺭﻴﺔ ﻭﻴﺤﻁﱢﻤﻬــﺎ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﺸﺎﺭﺓ ﻭﺍﻹﻴﻘﺎﻉ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗـﺩ‬
‫ل ﺍﻹﺴـﻜﻨﺩﺭ؛ ﻭﻫـﻲ‬
‫ﺘﺩﻭﺭ ﺤـﻭ َ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ـﺎ َ‬
‫ـﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻨﹸﺤ ـ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﺩ ﻤﺠـ‬
‫ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﺃﺭﺩﻨـ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﱠﺤﻠِﻴــل‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺴــﺘﻭﻋﺏ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤــﺔ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌ ِﺒﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬
‫ﻭﻤﺎ ﺃﻜﺜ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺼِﻴﺎﻏﺘﹸﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺸﻌِﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺓ‬
‫ﻓﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﺔ‪ ،‬ﺘﻘﻭﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻘِﻴ ‪‬ﺩ ِﺓ ﻭﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻜﹶــﻭﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﱢﻅــﺎﻡ ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤــﺎﻋﻲ‬
‫ﺕ ﻭﻟﻤﺎ ﻴ‪‬ﻨﺎﻫِﺯ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺍﺒﻌﺔ‬
‫ﺸﺭ‪‬ﻕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﺎ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ل ﻫـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﻓﻴﻘﻀﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻋﺩﺍﺌِﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻅﹶـ ﱠ‬
‫ﺸﺄﻨﻪ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻓﹸـﻭﺠﺊ ﻴﻭﻤ‪‬ـﺎ ﺒـﺄﻥ‬
‫ﺢ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﺀ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺴِﺤﺭ‪‬ﻩ ﻟﻡ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻔِﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺩﻭ‪ ‬ﻟﻪ؛ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻔ ‪‬ﺭ ﻤﻥ ﻤِﺼﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺭﺤ‪‬ـل‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪٦٣‬‬
‫ﻱ‪.‬‬
‫ﻑ ﻤ‪‬ﺼ ِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﹲ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻕ ﺃﻥ ﻗـﺭﺃ ﻁﺎِﻟﻌ‪‬ـﻪ‬
‫ﺃﻨﻔﺎﺴ‪‬ﻪ ﺇﻨﻪ ﺴ‪‬ﺒ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﺹ ﺭﺠل ﺴﻌﻴﺩ ﻟﻴ‪‬ﺸـﻔﹶﻰ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﹶﻗﻤِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺒـﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤِﻠﻜﹶـ ﹸﺔ ﺃﻭﻟﻴﻤﺒﻴـﺎ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻤ ‪‬ﻌ ﹾ‬
‫ﻭ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ ﹾﺘﻔﹶﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻴ‪‬ـ ِﺩ‬
‫ﻭﺘﺒﻴ‪‬ﻥ ﻟﻪ ﺃﻨﻪ ﺴﻴﻠﻘﻰ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺭﻀِﻪ؛ ﻓﻠﻡ ﻋ‪ ‬ﹶﺜﺭ‪ ‬ﺃﻋﻭﺍﻨﹸـﻪ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺠ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻠِﻙ ﻓﻴﻠﻴﺏ؛ ﻓﺄﺭﺴﻠﺕ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺯ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻹﺴﻜﻨﺩﺭ ﻓﺼـﺎﺭ‪‬ﺤﻪ‬
‫ﺍ ‪‬ﺒﻨِﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺒﻬِ ﹶ‬
‫ل ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻨﻜﺘﺎﻨﻴﺒﻭ ﺒﺤﻘﻴﻘـﺔ ﹶﻨﺴ‪‬ـﺒِﻪ ﹶﻗﺒ‪‬ـ َ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺠل ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻌﻴﺩ ﻭﺠﺩﻭﺍ ﺃﻨﻪ ﺸﺤ‪‬ﺎﺫ ﻻ‬
‫ﻴﻤﻠﻙ ﹶﻗﻤِﻴﺼ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﻴ‪‬ﺫﻜﱢﺭﻨﺎ ﺇﺭﺴـﺎل‬
‫ﻁ ‪‬ﻤَﺄ ﹶﻨﻬ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫ﻲ ﻟﻠﻌﻬـﺩ؛ ﹶﻓ ﹶ‬
‫ﺘﹸﺭﺯ‪‬ﻕ ﺒـﻭﻟ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻴﻤ‪‬ﻭﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻴﺽ ﺒﺤﻜﺎﻴﺔ ﺒﻴﺕ ﻟﻡ ﻴﻌـﺭﻑ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﻉ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺃﻨﻪ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻘﺩ‪‬ﻭﻨﹾﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺸﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻅ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺩِﺙ؛ ﻓﻘﺎل ﻨﻜﺘﺎﻨﻴﺒﻭ ﻭﻫﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻠﻔِـ ﹸ‬
‫ﺤﻜﹶﻤﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﺃﻥ ﻴ‪ ‬ﺭ ﹶﺘﺩِﻱ‪‬‬
‫ﻑ ﻟﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻭ‪‬ﺼ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﻁﻠﺒﻪ ﻭﺼﺎﺭﺤﺘﻪ ﺒﺄﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﺨﺸـﻰ ﺃﻻ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﻨﻜﺘﺎﻨﻴﺒﻭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻨﺒﺄﻫﺎ ﺒﺄﻥ ﺍﻹﻟﻪ ﺯﻴﻭﺱ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺕ ﻁﺭﻴﻘﻪ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺵ ﺍﻹﺴﻜﻨﺩﺭ ﺤﻴـﺎ ﹰﺓ ﺤﺎﻓِﻠـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻋﺎ ﹶ‬
‫ﺒﻤﺌﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﺤﺩﺍﺙ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﹶﺘﺘﹶـ ‪‬ﺭﺩ‪ ‬ﺩ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻁ ﺒـﻴﻥ ﺤِﻜﺎﻴـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺨﹶﻠـ ﹲ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌ ِﺒ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﹶﺭﻭِﻱ ﺇﺤﺩﻯ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺴﻜﻨﺩﺭ ﻭﺒﻴﻥ ِﻗﺼ‪‬ﺔ ﺫﻱ ﺍﻟﻘﹶﺭﻨﹶﻴﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺴﺘﹶﻌﺎﻥ ﺒﺴـﺤﺭﻩ ﻭﺃﺭﺴ‪‬ـ َ‬
‫ِﺘﻨﱢﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﺴﺘﹶﻁﺎﻉ‪ ‬ﺃﻥ ﻴ‪ ‬ﻤ ﹶﺘﻁِﻲ‪ ‬ﺼ‪ ‬ﻬﻭ‪ ‬ﹶﺓ ﺠ‪‬ـﻭﺍﺩﻩ‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ ﺍﻹﺴـﻜﻨﺩﺭ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻷﺩ ِ‬
‫ﻉ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻜﺔ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﺩﺨﹶـل‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬ﺩ ِ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻴ ﹰﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴﻭﺩ ﺒﻭﺴﻴﻔﺎﻟﻭﺱ‪ ،‬ﺒﻌﺩ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺩﺭﻙ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌ ِﺒﻲ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻴﻀـﻴﻑ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺇﺜﺭﻫﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻅﻠﱠـﻪ؛‬
‫ﺨﺸﹶﻰ ِ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺠ‪‬ﻭﺍﺩ ﺇﻨﻤﺎ ﻜﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤِﺼﺭﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻴ‪‬ﻭﻨﺎﻨﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺘﻠﻙ‬
‫ﺕ ﺃﻭﻟﻴﻤﺒﻴـﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻴﺘﱠﻬﻤﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺨﺸِﻴ‪ ‬ﹾ‬
‫ﻭﹶ‬
‫ﻓﺤ ‪‬ﻭل ﺭﺃﺴ‪‬ﻪ ﻨﺎﺤِﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻤﺱ‪ .‬ﻭ ﹶﺘﺴ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﺭﺩ‪‬ﺩﺕ ﻓﻲ ﻓـﺎﺭِﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺭﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻹﻟﹶـﻪ ﺁﻤـﻭﻥ ﺴـﻭﻑ‬
‫َﺃ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﻴﻠﺴﻭﻑ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻁﻠﹶﺏ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻹﺴﻜﻨﺩﺭ‬
‫ﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﱡﺤﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻬﻭﺭﺓ‪...‬‬
‫ﻴﻅﻬﺭ ﻟﺯﻭﺠﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺭﻭ‪‬ﻯ ﺃﻥ ﻓﻴﻠﻴﺏ‬
‫ﺤﺘﱠـﻰ ﻻ‬
‫ﻑ ﺒ‪‬ﻌﻴﺩ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﻠﻙ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﺃﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﻘِ ﹶ‬
‫ﻙ ﺒﺎﻟﻔﻌـل؛ ﻓﻅﻬـﺭ‬
‫ﺸﻜﹸﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴﺎ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ﹾﺘ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﺤﺠ‪‬ﺏ ﻋﻨﻪ ﺍﻟﻀ‪‬ﻭﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬ﺩﻋِﻬﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﺁﻤﻭﻥ ﺴﻭﻑ ﻴﺯﻭﺭﻫﺎ ﻓﻲ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾ‬
‫ﻭﻴﻨﻔﹸﺦ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺭ‪‬ﻭﺤِـﻪ؛ ﻓﺘﻀـﻊ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺠ ﹾﻠ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﻤﻭﻟﻭﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﺫﻜﺭ‪‬ﺍ‪ .‬ﻭﺍ ‪‬ﺭ ﹶﺘﺩ‪‬ﻯ ﻨﻜﺘﺎﻨﻴﺒﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻫــﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴــﺎﺕ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻹﺴــﻜﻨﺩ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﻭﻻ ﻴﺴﺘﻁﻴﻊ ﺒﺎﺤِـﺙ ﺃﻥ ﻴﺘﻌـﺭ‪‬ﺽ‬
‫ﺯﻭﺠ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﺒﺎﻟﺨِﻴﺎﻨﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜـﻥ ﻨﻜﺘـﺎﻨﻴﺒﻭ‬
‫ﻭﻜﻤﺎ ﺭﺒﻁ ﺍﻟﻤﺼـﺭﻴﻭﻥ ﺒـﻴﻥ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﻨﻜﺘﺎﻨﻴﺒﻭ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺭ ﹰﺓ ﺃﺨﺭﻯ ﻓـﻲ ﺼـﻭﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺤِﻜﺎﻴ ﹲﺔ ﺃﺨﺭﻯ ﺃﻨﻪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺘﻘﹶﻰ ﺒـﺩﻴﻭﺠﻴﻨﻲ‬
‫ﺘﺫﻜﺭ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻹﺴﻜﻨﺩ ‪‬ﺭ ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﺸﹶـ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﻭﺠﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻓـﻲ ﺤِﻜﺎﻴـﺔ ﺜﺎﻟِﺜـﺔ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺘﻨﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺭﺍﺀ‪‬ﻯ ﻟﻔﻴﻠﻴﺏ ﻓﻲ ﺃﺤﻼﻤِـﻪ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻤﻠﹶـ ‪‬ﻪ ﻁـﺎﺌِﺭﺍﻥ ﺃﺨـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺴﻜﻨﺩ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸﻜﹸﻭﻜﹶﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻜﻲ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﺩ ﹸ‬
‫ﺸﻘﹼﺎﻥ ﺒﻪ ﺃﺠﻭﺍﺯ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔﻀ‪‬ﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻘـﺎل‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺴﻜﻨﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺘِﺢ ﻭﺒﻴﻥ ﺁﻤﻭﻥ؛ ﻓﻘـﺩ‬
‫ﺭﺒﻁ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻔﺭ‪‬ﺱ ﺒﻴﻨﻪ ﻭﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻙ ﺩﺍﺭﺍ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺯﻋﻤﻭﺍ ﺃﻨﻪ ﺍﺒﻨﻪ‪ ،‬ﻤﻊ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﱠـﺎﺭِﻴﺦ‬
‫ﻴﺫﻜﺭ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻹﺴـﻜﻨﺩﺭ ﹶﻗﻬ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ ﺫﻟـﻙ‬
‫ﺏ ﺘﻠﻙ ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟﻤِﺼـ ِﺭﻴ‪‬ﺔ‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹾﺫ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁ ‪‬ﻌ ٍﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻜﺒِﺩِ‬
‫ﺇﻨﻪ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﻭﺠ‪‬ﻬﻬﻤﺎ ﺒ ِﻘ ﹾ‬
‫ﻁﹶﻠﺏ‪ ‬ﻤﻥ ﻨﻜﺘﺎﻨﻴﺒﻭ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻹﺴﻜﻨﺩﺭ ﹶ‬
‫ﺤﺭ‪‬ﺒـ ٍﺔ ‪‬ﺭ ﹶﻓﻌ‪‬ﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﹶﺜ ‪‬ﺒﺘﹶﻬﺎ ﻓـﻲ ﺭﺃﺱ ‪‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭِﺴﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻹﺴﻜﻨﺩﺭ ﺍﺤﺘﺎ َ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﻴﺼﻌﺩ ﻤﻌﻪ ﻴﻭﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ِﻗ ‪‬ﻤ ِﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﺒل‬
‫ﺃﻤﺎﻤﻬﻤﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺤﺼ‪‬ﻭل ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺱ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟـﻭﺍﺩﻱ‬
‫ﻟﻠ ‪‬‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻙ‪ ...‬ﻭﻟﻘﺩ ﺠ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ﱡﻨﺼ‪‬ـﻭﺹ‬
‫ﺤﺘﱠﻰ ﺩ‪ ‬ﹶﻓﻊ‪ ‬ﺒﻪ‬
‫ﻭﺼﻼ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺘﻠﻙ ﺍﻟ ِﻘﻤ‪‬ﺔ ‪‬‬
‫ﺱ ﺒ ‪‬ﺩ ﹸﻨﻭ‪ ‬ﻤ ِﻨﻴ‪‬ﺘﻪ؛ ﺃﻗﺎﻡ ﻭﻟﻴﻤ ﹰﺔ ﻜﺒﺭﻯ‬
‫ﺃﺤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻟﻘﻰ ﻓﻲ ﺠﻭﻓﻪ ﻗِﻁﻌ‪‬ﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﺤﻡ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ‬
‫ﺠﺒ‪‬ـل‪ ،‬ﺜـﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺴﻜﻨﺩﺭ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﺴﻔل ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺩﻋﺎ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ ﻟﻡ ﻴﻌﺭﻓﻭﺍ ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺯ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻁﻠﹶﻕ ﺃﺴﺭﺍﺒ‪‬ﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻘﻭﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻘﻁﺕ‬
‫ﻉ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﺄﻟﻪ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﱡﺠـﻭﻡ‬
‫ﻫﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﻡ ﻓﻠﻡ ﻴﺤﻀﺭ ﺃﺤﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻴـﺫﻜﱢﺭﻨﺎ‬
‫ﻼ ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺎﺱ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻠﱠﺤﻡ ﻤ‪‬ﺤ ‪‬ﻤ ﹰ‬
‫ﻗﺩ ﺃﻁﻠﻌﺘﻪ ﻤﻥ ﻗﺒـل ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻫـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﻲ ﺒﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤِﻠﻙ‬
‫ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻤِﺤ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺌﻴﺴ ‪‬‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻁِﻠ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﻓـﻼﻙ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤـﺎ ﺇﻥ‬
‫ِﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ﻭﻴ‪‬ﺭﻭ‪‬ﻯ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻹﺴـﻜﻨﺩﺭ ﻋﻨـﺩﻤﺎ‬
‫ﺠ ِﺭ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﻔﻴﺱ ﺒـﺄﻥ‬
‫ﺤ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺹ ﺒﻬﺫﺍ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫‪٦٤‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﻭ‪‬ﺴـﻁﹶﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻭﺭﺒﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﹸـﺭ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻷ ﹶﺜ ‪‬ﺭ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﻤ‪‬ﻌﻅﹶـ ِﻡ ﺍﻟﻠﱡﻐـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺃﺸﻬﺭ ﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻋﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻹﺴﻜﻨﺩﺭ ﻭﻭﻗﺎ ِﺌﻌِﻪ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺒﻤ‪‬ﻐﺎﻤ‪‬ﺭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻭﺭﺒﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺭﻭﺝ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻜﺘﹸـﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻟﻤﻠﻙ ﻟﻪ ﻤﻜﺎﻨﹸﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗِـﻊ‬
‫ﺤﺭ‪‬ﻭﺒ‪‬ﻪ ﻤﻊ‬
‫ﺒﻼﺩ ﺍﻟﻬِﻨﺩ؛ ﻭﻫﻲ ﺘﹶﺭﻭِﻱ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻁﻰ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺭﻙ ﺁﺜﺎﺭ‪‬ﻩ‬
‫ﺨﻲ‪‬؛ ﻭﻫﻭ ﻭﺍﻗِﻊ ﻟـﻪ ﺤ‪‬ـﺩ‪‬ﻭﺩ‪‬ﻩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﹼﺎﺭِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻹﺴﻜﻨﺩﺭ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺩﺩ‪‬ﺕ ﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎ ﹸ‬
‫ﻴﻤﻜــﻥ ﺃﻥ ﹶﺘﺘﹶﺠــﺎﻭ‪‬ﺯ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻤﻤﻜــﻥ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻌ ِﺒ ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ ﺤ‪ ‬ﹶﻔﹶﻠﺕِ ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎ ﹸ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻹﺴﻜﻨﺩﺭ ﺒﺎﻟﺴ‪‬ﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﺘﹸـﺭ ِ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺘﺯﺍل ﺤ ‪‬ﻴ ﹰﺔ ﻓﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟ ﹰﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹸﺘﻌ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﺏ ﻤﻥ ﻨﻤل ﻫﺎﺌل ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻊ‬
‫ﺃﺴﺭﺍ ٍ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺕ ﹸﻟﺤ‪‬ﻭ ِﻡ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﺸﹶﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺩ ِﺓ‬
‫ﺁﻜﻼ ِ‬
‫ﺴﺘﹶﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻊ ﺃﻗـﺯﺍﻡ‬
‫ﺫﻭﻱ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺀﻭﺱ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬ﻴلٍ‬
‫ﻕ ﻭﺍﺤﺩﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶ‬
‫‪‬ﻴﺴِﻴﺭ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺴﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻟﻬﺎ ‪‬ﻭﺠ‪‬ﻭﻩ ﺁﺩﻤﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻨﺎﺱ ﻟﻬﻡ ‪‬ﻭﺠ‪‬ﻭﻩ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻵﺩﺍﺏ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﺒﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻗﺩ ﹸﺘﺜِﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﺨﹶﻴـﺎل‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻬـﺎ ﻻ‬
‫ﺙ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺭ‪‬ﺒﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﻟﻬﺎ ﻤﻜـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﱡﺭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻘﻭل‪.‬‬
‫ﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻓﻲ *ﺸﺎﻫﻨﺎﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻔِﺭﺩ‪‬ﻭﺴـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻴﺱ ﺃﺩل ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﺎ ﻓﻴﻬـﺎ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻴﻐﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺒﺸـﻴﺔ ﻤـﻥ ﺤﻜﺎﻴـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﺭ ﺃُﺴﻁﹸﻭ ِﺭ ‪‬ﻴ ٍﺔ ﺴـﺎﺒﻘﺔ؛ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻋﻨﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺴﻜﻨﺩﺭ؛ ﺘﺤﻭ‪‬ﻟﺕ ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻅﻴﻔﺘﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺸﹼـﺎ ِﺭﺤ‪‬ﺔ ﻓـﻲ ﺒﻌـﺽ‬
‫ل ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻘ ـ ﹶﺘﺤِﻡ‪‬‬
‫ـﺎﻭ‪َ ‬‬
‫ـﻜﻨﺩﺭ ﺤـ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﺍﻹﺴـ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ‪‬ﺭﺴ‪‬ل‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺘﺤﻭ‪‬ل ﺍﻹﺴـﻜﻨﺩﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺤﻴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻥ ‪‬ﺩﻭ‪‬ﺭﺍﻨِﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻟﻐﺎﺯ‬
‫ﺨﺴ‪‬ﺭﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺜﻤﺔ‬
‫ﺠﻨﱠﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﺒﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﺒﺎﻟ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ِﻗﺩ‪‬ﻴﺱ‪.‬‬
‫ﺙ ﻭﺍﻟﻭﻗﺎ ِﺌ ‪‬ﻊ‬
‫ﺕ ﺘﻘﻭﻡ ﺍﻷﺤﺩﺍ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌﻀِﻼ ٍ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ‬
‫ﺏ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎ ﹸ‬
‫ﻜِﻼﺏ‪ .‬ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹾﺫ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬‬
‫ﺭﻭﺍﻴﺔ ﺴﺭﻴﺎﻨﻴﺔ ﺘﺤﻜﻲ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻹﺴﻜﻨﺩ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ﻲ ﻓـ‬
‫ـﻭﺜﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﻙ ﺍﻟـ‬
‫ﻅ ‪‬ﻬ ـ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤِﻠ ـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﹶ‬
‫ﺠﻨﱠـﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻨـﺎﻙ ﺃﺩﺭ‪‬ﻙ‬
‫ل ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ‪‬ﺼ‪َ ‬‬
‫ﺤﻴ‪‬ﺎ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻌﺩ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺭﻴﺎﻨﻴﺔ ‪‬ﻤﺴِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺴﺭِﻩ‪،‬‬
‫ﺢ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﺴﺘِﻴﻌﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﺒَِﺄ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﹶﺘ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻤﻲ ﻤ‪‬ﺭﺍ ِﺩﻓﹰﺎ ﻟـﺫﻱ ﺍﻟﻘﹶـ ‪‬ﺭﻨﹶﻴﻥ‪،‬‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﺤ ﹾﻔﻨﹶـ ﹲﺔ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﱡـﺭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻊ ﺫﻟﻙ ﹶﻓ ‪‬‬
‫ﺢ ﻟﻬـﻡ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺃﺤﺩ ﺍﻷﺭﺒﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ ﺃﺘِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻤﹶﻠﺅُﻫﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻴﻤﻠﻜﻭﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﺒﺄﺴـﺭِﻩ‪* :‬ﺍﻟﻨﱠﻤـﺭﻭﺩ‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘﺭ‪ ‬ﺩ ‪‬ﺩ ﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺴﻜﻨﺩﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺴﻨﹶﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﹼﺎﺱ ﻓـﻲ ﺠﻤﻴـﻊ ﺃﻨﺤـﺎﺀ‬
‫َﺃ ﹾﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻭ*ﺴ‪‬ﻠﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﻭ* ﻨﹸﺒﻭﺨﺫ ﻨﺼﺭ ﻭ* ﺫﻭ‬
‫ﻙ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻨﻴﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻹﺴﻜﻨﺩﺭ ﺃﺤﺩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻠﹸـﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺽ‬
‫ﺢ ﺒﻌـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﻁﻠﺴﻲ ﻏﺭﺒ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭﺠ‪ ‬‬
‫ﺃﻭﺭﺍﻕ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻌﺏ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋ ﹲﺔ‬
‫ﻼﺠِل؛ ﻫﻭ ﻗﹸﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺠ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﻀ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨﺩ‪‬ﻡ ﻤـﻊ‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹾ‬
‫ﻰ ﺃﻭ ‪‬ﺒﺫﹸﻭﺭ‪ ،‬ﹸﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﻬﺎ ﺤ‪‬ﺼ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁﺒ‪‬ﻭل ﻓﻲ ﻫﺎﻴﻴﺘﻲ‪ ،‬ﻋﻨـﺩ ﺇﻗﺎﻤـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﺨ ِﺩ ‪‬ﻡ ﻫـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﻁﻘﱡﻭﺱ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﺴ‪‬ـ ﹶﺘ ﹾ‬
‫ﻥ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺒ ﹶﺘﺩِﺉ؛‬
‫ﻼﺠِلِ ﻤ‪‬ﻐ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺠ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻀ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ ِﺩﺙﹸ ﺒﻬﺎ ﺇﻴﻘﺎﻋ‪‬ﺎ ﻴﺼﺎﺤِﺏ ﺩﻗﱠـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻭل؛ ﻭﺫﻟﻙ ِﺒ ‪‬ﻬﺯ‪‬ﻫﺎ ﻟﻴﺨﺭﺝ ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬
‫ل ﻗِﻴـل‬
‫ﻤﺄﺨﹸﻭﺫ ﻤﻥ ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ ﺭﺴﺎﺌ َ‬
‫ﺼﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻗـﺩ ﺃﺜﱠـﺭﺕ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺨ ِ‬
‫ﻁﻌ‪‬ﻥ‪ ‬ﺍﻷﺴﺘﺎﺫ ﺍﻟﻔﻴﻠﺴﻭﻑ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﹶ‬
‫ﺃﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭﺓ ﺩﻴﻭﻨﻴﺯﻭﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺴـﺘﻭﻋﺒﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻥ؛ ﹶﻓﻌ‪‬ﺠ‪‬ﺯ‪ ‬ﻋﻥ ﺍﻟﻁﱠـﻭﺍﻑ ﻤـﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻭ‪‬ﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼ‪‬ﺔ ﺒﺫﻟﻙ ﺍﻹﻟـﻪ؛‬
‫ل‬
‫ِﺘ ﹾﻠﻤِﻴﺫﻩ‪ ...‬ﻭﻤـﻥ ﻫـﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺴـﺎﺌ ِ‬
‫ﻓﺄﺼﺒﺤﺕ ﻭﺍﺴِﻌﺔ ﺍﻻﻨﺘِﺸـﺎ ِﺭ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺸﺄَﺕ ﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘﺤ‪‬ﹶﻠﺔِ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺭﺴﻁﻭ ﹶﻨ ﹶ‬
‫ﺃﺭﺠﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﺸـﺭﻗﹰﺎ ﻭﻏﺭﺒ‪‬ـﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻻ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﺼﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﹶﺘﺘﹶﺄﻟﱠﻑ ﻤﻨﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫ﺕ ‪‬ﻤﺘﹶﻭﺍﺼِل‪ .‬ﻭﻴﺘﻘﺩ‪‬ﻡ ﻋـﺎ ِﺯ ﹸ‬
‫ﺼ‪‬ﻭ ﹲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﻼﺠل ﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﹰﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻬﺯ‪‬ﻫﺎ ﺒﺸﺩﺓ ﻓﻭﻕ‬
‫ﺭﺀﻭﺱ ﺍﻟﺭﺍﻗﺼﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﻨﺩ ﺘﹶﺭﺩِﻴـﺩ‬
‫ﺠﻭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﻨﻴﻡ ﻟﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻁِﻊ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻤﻌﻅﻡ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻭﻴﺫﻫﺏ ﺒﻌ ‪‬‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫‪AÇON‬‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﻁ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﹶﻟﻡ؛ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻬﻨﺩ ﺸﺭﻗﹰﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺤﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﻭﺭ‪‬ﻫﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﻁ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻊ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ ﺍﻨﺘﺨﺒﻭﺍ ﻟ ﹸﺘ ﹾ‬
‫ﺴﻁﹸﻭ ﺒ‪‬ﻌﺙ ﺒﻬﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻹﺴﻜﻨﺩﺭ‬
‫ﺇﻥ َﺃ ِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺁﺳ‪‬ﻮﻥ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺙ ﺍﻟﺠ‪‬ﻬﺩ ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻨﻲ‪" :‬ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋ‪‬ﺒ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺴﻜﻨﺩﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺒﻌـﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﺼـﺹ‬
‫ﺤﻠﱢﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻔﺴِﻴﺭِﻫﺎ ﺃﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻏﻨﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﻴ‪‬ﺭﺩ‪‬ﺩﻫﺎ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻐﻥ‪‬‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻵﺴـﻭﻥ ﻤـﻊ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‪ .‬ﻭ ﹸﺘﺴ‪‬ـ ﹶﺘ ﹾ‬
‫‪٦٥‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﱡﺒﻭل ﻓﻲ ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻔﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼ‪‬ـﺔ‬
‫ﺃﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺨﺼﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻘﻤ‪‬ﺼﻬﺎ ﺴ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﺼﺭ ﻟﻴﻪ ﺨﻠﺨﺎل ﻋﻭﻴﺸﺔ ﺭﻨـﺔ‬
‫ﺒﺸﻌﺎﺌﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻌﻤِﻴﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﺴﻴﺎﺩ‪ .‬ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺕ ِﻟ ﹶﻨ ﹾﻐﻤ‪‬ـ ٍﺔ‬
‫ﺒﺭﻨﺔ‪ .‬ﻴﺎ ﻋﻭﻴﺸﺔ ﷲ ﻴﺎ ﻤﻐﺭﺒﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻴﺎ‬
‫ﻼ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪‬ﻫ ِﻭﻴ‪‬ـﺔ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﻌﻴ‪‬ﻨ ٍﺔ ﻜﺎﻥ ﺫﻟﻙ ﺩﻟﻴ ﹰ‬
‫ﻋﻭﻴﺸﺔ ﷲ ﺍﺭﻀﻲ ﻋﻠﻲ‪ ،‬ﻴﺎ ﻋﻭﻴﺸﺔ‬
‫ﺴﻴ‪‬ﺩ" ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﺭﻜﺏ ﺠِﺴﻤ‪‬ﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫"ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﷲ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻐﺭﺏ ﺠﻴﺎ ﻴﺎ ﻋﻭﻴﺸـﺔ ﷲ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺳ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺎﺩ )ﲨﻊ ﺳ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺪ(‬
‫ﺤﺘِـﺭﺍ ِﻡ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻻ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﻲ ﺼِﻴﻐﺔ ﺘﹶﻨ ‪‬ﻡ ﻋ ِ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﻟﻸﻭﻟﻴﺎﺀ ﻭﻟﻠﻜﺎﺌﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻐﹶﻴﺒ‪‬ﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﻋﺎﻟ ِﻡ‬
‫ل ﻟﻠﺩ‪‬ﻻﻟـﺔ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﻤ ُ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻥِ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹸﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺹ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻔﺎﺭِﻴﺕ ﻭﺍﻷﻭﻟﹶﻴﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﹶـ ﹶﺘﻘﱠﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‪‬؛ ﻓﻴ‪‬ﻘﺎل "ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ ﺃﺴـﻴﺎﺩ" ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﺠﺜﱠﺘـﻪ ﻏﻴـﺭ‬
‫"ﺭﻜﺒﻪ ﻋِﻔﺭﻴﺕ" ﺃﻭ " ‪‬‬
‫"ﻗﺎﻤ‪‬ﻭﺱ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﱠﻘﺎﻟﻴﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﺒﻴﺭ‬
‫ﻤﻜﺔ ﺠﻴـﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺴـﺕ ﻋﻅﻴﻤـﺔ‪...‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﻜﺫﺍ""‪.‬‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻷﻏـﺎﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻴﺔ" ﺒﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘﺭ‪ ‬ﺩ ‪‬ﺩ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟــ* ﺯ‪‬ﺍﺭ ﻤﻨﺎﺴـﺒﺔ‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻸﺴﻴﺎﺩ ﻨِﻅﺎﻡ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻌـ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ﻟﺸﻌﻭﺏ ﺍﻷﺴﻴﺎﺩ ﻭﺒﻴﺌـﺎﺘﻬﻡ‪ .‬ﻗـﺎل‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻡ ﻭﺍﻻﺤﺘﻔﺎل ﺒﻬﻡ ﻹﺭﻀﺎﺌﻬﻡ‪.‬‬
‫"ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺍﻷﺴﻴﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﻤﻥ ﹶﻨﺠ‪‬ﺩ؛ ﻜـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻨﻅﺭ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﺯﺍﺭ‪.‬‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺨﺎﻟِﺼﺔ )ﻤ‪‬ﺵ ﺨﺎﻟﺼﺔ(‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻷﺴـﻴﺎﺩ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ﺃﻭﺭ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻷﺴﺘﺎﺫ ﺃﺤﻤﺩ ﺃﻤﻴﻥ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺍﺭﻀﻲ ﻋﻠﻲ‪ .‬ﻤﻥ ﺘﻭﻨﺱ ﺠﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﺘﹶﺭﻜﹶﺏ ﺃﺠﺴﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﱢﺴﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺠﺎل ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﻑ ﺍﻟﻨﱢﺴﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﺃﻜﺜـﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻭﺍﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﺄﹶﻟ ﹸ‬
‫ﻅﺭ‪‬ﻭﻑ ﺤﻴﺎﺘِﻬﻥ ﻭ ِﺭﻗﹼﺔ ﺃﻋﺼﺎﺒِﻬﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﹸ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻷﺴﻴﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﻜﺎﻷﻓﺭﺍﺩ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﹼـﺎﺱ‬
‫ﺠ ﹾﻨﺴِـﻴ‪‬ﺎﺘﹸﻬﻡ ﻭﺸﹸـﻌ‪‬ﻭﺒ‪‬ﻬﻡ‪...‬‬
‫ﻑ ِ‬
‫ﺘﹶﺨﺘِﻠ ﹸ‬
‫ﻱ‬
‫ﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﺤِﺠــﺎ ِﺯ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤــﻨﻬﻡ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ــﻭﺩﺍ ِﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻤﻨﻬﻡ ﺍﻟ ﱡﺫﻜﹸﻭﺭ ﻭﺍﻹﻨﺎﺙ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻠﺘﱠﻌﺭ‪‬ﻑ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺅﻻﺀ ﺍﻷﺴـﻴﺎﺩ‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﻘﺎ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟـ*ﺯ‪‬ﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜل "ﺴﻴ‪‬ﺩ" ﻤـﻨﻬﻡ‬
‫ﺠﺘﹶـﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺘﻼﺌـﻡ ﻟﹸﻐﺘﹶـﻪ ﺃﻭ ﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﻏﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻭﺭﻗﺼﺎﺕ ﺘﻨﺎﺴﺏ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻌﺏ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫ﻴﻨﺘﻤﻲ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻴﻘﺎﻋﺎﺕ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟـ ‪‬ﺩ ﱢ‬
‫ﻭﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻌﺭ‪‬ﻑ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻫ‪‬ﻭﻴ‪‬ـﺔ‬
‫"ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻴﺩ" ﻫﻲ ﺍﺴـﺘﻌﺭﺍﺽ ﺍﻷﺯﻴـﺎﺀ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻷﻏﺎﻨﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﺭﻗﺼﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻹﻴﻘﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺩﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻴـﺎ ﻤﻜﺤـل ﻋﻴﻭﻨـﻪ‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ﻫـﺅﻻﺀ‬
‫ﻭﺠﻭﺯﻴﻔﻭﺱ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺭﺍﺨــﻲ ﺸــﻌﻭﺭﻩ"‪ .‬ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﻜــﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺠﺎل‪ ،‬ﻭﻭﺠ‪‬ﻭﻫ‪‬ﻬﻡ ﻅﺎﻫِﺭﺓ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺴ‪‬ﻭﺩﺍﻨﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﻤـﻥ ﺃﻏﺎﻨﻴـﻪ‪":‬ﻴـﺎ ﺃﺒـﻭ‬
‫ﺼﺩ‪‬ﻭﺭِﻫﻡ‪.‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﻴﺎ ﺴﻠﻁﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺭﺠـﺎل‪ ،‬ﻴـﺎ‬
‫ﺤﺎﻤﻲ ﺍﻟﺭﺠﺎل ﻴﺎ ﻤﺭﺤﺒﺎ ﺒـﻙ ﻴـﺎ‬
‫ﻤﺭﺤﺒﺎ ﻴﺎ ﻻﺒﺱ ﺍﻟﻴﺎﻗـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﻭﻓﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻤﺔ"‪.‬ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺍﻟﺴـﻴﺩﺓ‬
‫ﺴﻭﺩﺍﻨﻴﺔ ﻀ‪‬ـ ِﺭﺒ‪‬ﺕ ﻟﻬـﺎ ﺍﻟﺩﻟﱡﻭﻜـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻟﻭﺍ‪" :‬ﺩﻟﻜﺘﻙ ﻴﺎ ﺩﻟﻭﻜﺔ ﻴﺎ ﻤﺭﺤﺒﺎ‬
‫ﺃﹶﺷ‪‬ﻌ‪‬ﺐ‬
‫‪ASH'AB‬‬
‫ﻫﻭ ﺃﺸﻌﺏ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻠﻘﱠـﺏ ﺒﺎﻟﻁﻤ‪‬ـﺎﻉ‪،‬‬
‫ﻙ ﻤﻥ ﺃﻫـل ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻴﻨـﺔ ﻜـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺤ‪‬‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﻀ ِ‬
‫ﺨﻠﹶﻔــﺎﺀ‬
‫ﻴﺘــﺭﺩ‪‬ﺩ ﻋﻠــﻰ ﺃﺤﻔــﺎﺩ ﺍﻟ ﹸ‬
‫ﺵ ﺤﺘـﻰ ﺴـﻨﺔ‬
‫ﺸﺩِﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋـﺎ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺍ ِ‬
‫ﻴﺎ ﺩﻟﻭﻜﺔ‪ ،‬ﻋـﺩﻱ ﺍﻟﺒﺤـﺭ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺩﺭﺍﻋﻪ‪ ،‬ﻁﻠﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﺨﻠﺔ ﺒﺩﻤﺎﻏـﻪ‪ ،‬ﻴـﺎ‬
‫ﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺃﺨﻭﺍﺘـﻪ"‪.‬ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﻜﺎﻨـﺕ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﻐﺭِﺒﻴﺔ ﺴ‪‬ﻤﻭ‪‬ﻫﺎ ﻋﻭﻴﺸﺔ ﻭﻗﺎﻟﻭﺍ‪" :‬ﻴﺎ‬
‫ﻋﻭﻴﺸﺔ ﷲ ﻴﺎ ﻤﻐﺭﺒﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻴﺎ ﻋﻭﻴﺸﺔ ﷲ‬
‫ﻋﻘﺒﺎل ﻴﻭﻤﻙ‪ .‬ﺤﻠﻕ ﻋﻭﻴﺸﺔ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩ ﻨﺎﺩﻱ‪ ،‬ﺤﺯﺍﻡ ﻋﻭﻴﺸـﺔ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ـﺎﺕ‬
‫ــ )‪٧٧١‬ﻡ(‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﺍﻴـ‬
‫‪١٥٤‬ﻫـ‬
‫ﺨﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻋﻨـﻪ ﻜﺜﻴـﺭﺓ ﹶﺘﺸﹸـﻭﺒ‪‬ﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﻟﹶﻐﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻨﱠﻭﺍ ِﺩ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺄﺜﹸﻭﺭﺓ ﻋﻨـﻪ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺘﻼﺌﻡ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻗﺼﺎﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﺭ‪‬ﺀﻭﺱ‪ ،‬ﺘﺤﺩ‪‬ﺙ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻫﻴـﺭﻭﺩﻭﺕ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺱ ﺘﹸﻨﺎﺴِﺏ ﺒﻴﺌﺘـﻪ ﻭﺠﻨﺴـﻴﺘﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﻤﻼ ِﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﺩﻟﻊ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺩﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻴﺎ ﻻﺒﺱ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﻴﺔ‬
‫ُﺃﻤ‪‬ﺔ ﺨﹸﺭﺍ ِﻓﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻟﻴﺒﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﺭﺠﺎﻟﹸﻬﺎ ﺒﻼ‬
‫ﻻﺒﺱ ﺴﻴﻔﻙ‪ ،‬ﻴﺎ ﻤﺤﻴﻲ ﻀﻴﻔﻙ‪ ،‬ﻴـﺎ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﻱ ﻭﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﻤـﻲ‪،‬‬
‫ﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﱠﺠـ ِﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻐﺭﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﻀِﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﻏﻨﻴﺔ‪" :‬ﻴﺎ ﺴﻴ‪‬ﺩ ﻨﺠـﺩ‪ ،‬ﻴـﺎ‬
‫ﺁﺳِﻴﻔﺎﻟِﻲ‬
‫‪ACEPHALI‬‬
‫ﺴﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻭﺩِﻴﻨﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﺘﺩ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﻟﻬﺎ ﺼِﺒﻐﹶﺔ ﺴِﻴﺎ ِ‬
‫ل ﺤﻴـﺎﺓ ﺍﻟﻁﱠﺒﻘـﺔ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺃﻏﻠﺒﻬﺎ ﺤـﻭ َ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻭ‪‬ﺴﻁﻰ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻘـﺩ ﺭﺍﺠ‪‬ـﺕ ﻨـﻭﺍ ِﺩ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﺦ ﺍﻹﺴـﻼﻤﻲ‪،‬‬
‫ﺃﺸﻌﺏ ﻁﻭﺍل ﺍﻟﺘﹼﺎﺭِﻴ ِ‬
‫‪٦٦‬‬
‫ﻲ ﻀـﺎ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﻔ ‪‬ﻪ‬
‫ﻥ ﺃﺸﻌﺏ ﺍﻟﻁﱡﻔﻴِﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭﻭِﻱ ﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﺒﺄﻨﻪ‬
‫ﻱ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺌِ َ‬
‫ﻥ ﹸﺘ َﺅﻴ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺭ ْﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻘﺭ‪‬ﺍ ِﺌ ‪‬‬
‫ﹶﻜﻠِﻤ‪‬ﺔٍ ﻤﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ "ﺍﻟﺨﹶﻴـﺭ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻜﹶـﺭ‪‬ﻡ"‪،‬‬
‫ﺹ‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺒﻴﺎﻥ ﻓﺄﺭﺍﺩ ﺃﻥ ﻴـﺘﺨﱠﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﻤ ِ‬
‫ﻜﺎﻥ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺃﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﹶ‬
‫ل ﺍﻹﻟﻪ‬
‫ﺤﱠ‬
‫ل ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻤﻥ ﺜ ‪‬ﻡ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺁﺸﻭﺭ ﺤ ﱠ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﻭﻤﻥ ﺃﺸﻬﺭ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﻭﺍ ِﺩ ِﺭ ﺘﻠﻙ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻵﺨﺭ ﺃﻨﻪ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺯ ﻟﻠﻨﹼﺎﺭ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ‪ .‬ﺒﻴﺩ‬
‫ﻕ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺴﻡ ﺍﻹﻟﻪ ﺁﺸﻭﺭ ‪‬ﻤﺸﹾـ ﹶﺘ ﱞ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﻤﻨﻬﻡ؛ ﹶﻓﺯ‪‬ﻋ‪‬ﻡ‪ ‬ﻟﻬﻡ ﺃﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻫِﺒـﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﺠﺴ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻤﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ‬
‫ﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻡ ﻴﻜﻥ ﻟﻪ ‪‬ﻭ ﹶﺜ ‪‬‬
‫ﺘﻤِﺜﺎل ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫ‪ ‬ﻴ َﺌﺔِ ﺇﻨﺴﺎﻥ ﻴﺸﺨﺼـﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻹﻟ ‪‬ﻪ ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﺸﱢـﻌﺎ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﺙ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻓﺎﻨﺼﺭ‪‬ﻓﻭﺍ ﻋﻨﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﻤﺎ ﹶﻟﺒِ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺯ ﻟﻪ ﺒﻌﻠﻡ ﻴﺘـﺄﻟﱠﻑ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ‪‬ﻴﺴِﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻵﺸﻭﺭﻴﻭﻥ ﺨﻠﻔﻪ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﺕ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ‬
‫ل ﻴﺤﻴﻁ ﺒﻪ ﻗﹸﺭﺹ ﹸﺜ ‪‬ﺒ ﹶ‬
‫ﺤﺎ ِﻤ ٍ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‪ .‬ﻭﻜـﺎﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﻭﺠ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩ ﺒﺄﺸـﻜﺎ ٍ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺠ‪‬ﻨﺎﺤﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓﻭﻕ ﺍﻟﻘـﺭﺹ ﺘِﻤﺜـﺎ ُ‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘﻔﹶﺎﻭِﺘﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﻗﺎﻟﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺩ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺱ ﻭﺴ‪‬ﻬﻡٍ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬
‫ﻙ ِﺒﻘﹶﻭ ٍ‬
‫ﺴ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻤ ِ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﺤﺎ ِﺭ ٍ‬
‫ﺤ ﹾﻜ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻵﺸﻭﺭﻴﻴﻥ‪.‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺁﺸﻭﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺍﺠﺢ ﺃﻥ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻠﹶﻡ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﺤﺭﺯﻭﻨﻪ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺃﻋـﺩﺍﺌﻬﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﻜﺎﻥ ﻴﺭﻤﺯ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﻋـﻥ ﺒ‪‬ﻘﺎﻴـﺎ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻹﺸﺎﺭﺓ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺃﻨﻪ ﻜـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻤﺎ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺝ ﺒﺘﻤﺜـﺎل‬
‫ﻁﻤِﻲ ﻜﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺘﻭ‪ ‬‬
‫ﻁ ‪‬ﻭ ﹶ‬
‫ﺸِﻌﺎﺭ ﹶ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺼل ﺒﻼ ‪‬ﺯ ‪‬ﻭﺠ‪‬ـ ٍﺔ ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﻭﻟﹶـﺩٍ‪،‬‬
‫ﻕ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫ‪ ‬ﻴ َﺌﺔِ ﺇﻨﺴﺎﻥ ﻹﻟـﻪ ﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻵﺸﻭﺭﻴﻴﻥ ﻫﺎﻟﺘﻬﻡ‬
‫ﻭﻴﺒﺩﻭ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻜﺘﱠﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻀ ‪‬ﻊ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺭﻤ‪‬ﻭﺯ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘﹸﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻌﻠﹸﻭﺍ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺠ‪ ‬ﹶﻨﺤ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﻓﻲ ﺩ‪‬ﻋﺎﺌِﻬﻡ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻷﻤــﺎﻜِﻥ‬
‫ﻉ ﻓــﻲ ﺒﻌــ ِ‬
‫ﺘــﻭ ‪‬ﺯ ِ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺠﺭ‪‬ﻯ ﺨﻠﻔﻬﻡ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘﻭ‪ ‬ﻫﻤ‪‬ـﺎ ﺃﻥ ِﻗﺼ‪‬ـ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻪ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺤ‪‬ﻘِﻴﻘ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﺷﻨﻮ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﻲ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺯ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﺫﱠﻫ ِﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﻙ ﺒﺎﻟﻤِﻴﺯﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺴ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻤ ِ‬
‫ﺡ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺤﺎ ﹶﻜﻤ‪‬ﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒﻪ ﺍﻷﺭﻭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺁﺷ‪‬ﻮﺭ‬
‫‪ASHUR‬‬
‫"ﺇﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻵﺸﹸﻭ ِﺭﻴ‪‬ﻴﻥ"‬
‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻴﺎﻨﺔ ﺍﻵﺸﻭﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺴ ِﻤﻴ‪‬ﺔ‬
‫ﺏ ﻤﺜـل‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬ﻴﺭ‪ ‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻤ ٍﺯ ﻹﻟﻪ ﺤ‪‬ـﺭ ٍ‬
‫ﻜﺎﻥ ﹶ‬
‫ﻁ ﻤﺠـﺩ‪‬ﻩ‬
‫ﺁﻟﻬﺔ ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻁﻴﺭ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺍ ‪‬ﺭﺘﹶـ ‪‬ﺒ ﹶ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻹﻤﺒﺭﺍﻁﹸﻭ ِﺭ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻋﺒﺩﺘﻪ ﻤﺜـل‬
‫ﺁﺸﹸﻭﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ ﺒﺩﺃﺕ ﻋِﺒﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﹸﺓ ﺁﺸـﻭﺭ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﹶﺘ ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻀ‪‬ﻔ ِﺔ ﺍﻟﻐﹶﺭﺒﻴ‪‬ﺔ ِﻟﻨﹶﻬﺭ ﺩِﺠﻠﹶﺔ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻷﺩﻨﹶﻰ‬
‫ﻏﻴﺭ ﺒﻌﻴﺩ ﻋﻥ ﻤ‪‬ﻠ ﹶﺘﻘﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﺯ‪‬ﺍ ِ‬
‫ﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫـﺫﺍ ﺍﻹﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺠ ‪‬ﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻠﻁﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺽ‬
‫ﺒﺎﺯﺩِﻫﺎ ِﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺔ ﺁﺸﹸﻭﺭ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﺭ‪‬ﻯ ﺒِﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻠﹶﻤﺎ ِﺀ ﺃﻨﻪ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺼـل ﺇﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﺽ‬
‫ﺃﺴﻁﻭﺭ ٍﺓ ﹶﻗﻤ‪‬ﺭِﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴ‪‬ـﺭ‪‬ﻯ ﺍﻟـﺒﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺭﺒﻤﺎ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻤﺱ ﻓﻲ ﻭﻗـﺕ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﻭﻗﺎﺕ ﻁﹶﻭﻁﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻟﻶﺸـﻭﺭﻴﻴﻥ؛‬
‫ﻟﻪ ‪‬ﺯﻭ‪‬ﺠ ﹰﺔ ﻭﺒ‪‬ﻼﻁﹰﺎ ﻭﻭﺯﺭﺍﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﺭِﺏ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬
‫ﻥ ﺘِﻤﺜﺎ َ‬
‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ ﻷ ‪‬‬
‫ﻴﺤﻤل ﺍﻟﻘﻭﺱ ﻭﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻬﻡ ﻴﺭﻤﺯ ﻓﻴﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﻕ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺼِـ ﹶﻔﺔِ؛‬
‫ﻴﺒﺩﻭ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ﻱ ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺼﻭِﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ُﺃﺴﻁﹸﻭ ِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﻭ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ـﻁﹸﻭﺭﺘﹸﻪ‬
‫ـﻭ‪‬ﺭﺕ ﺃُﺴـ‬
‫ـﺫﺍ ﺘﻁـ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻜـ‬
‫ـﺘﺭﻭﺕ‬
‫ـﺔ *ﻋﺸـ‬
‫ـﺕ ﺒﺎﻹﻟﹶﻬـ‬
‫ﻓﺎﺭﺘﺒﻁـ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭِﻫﺎ ﺯﻭﺠ ﹰﺔ ﻟﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃِﺷِﲑﺍ‬
‫‪ASHERAH‬‬
‫ﻴﻘﺘﺭﻥ ﺒﺎﻟﺸﱠﻤﺱ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻜـﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻨﻅﹶـ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﻋﻨِﻴﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻤﺎ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﻤﺤﺎﺭِﺏ ‪‬‬
‫ﻕ‬
‫ﺼﻔﹶﺔ ﻴ‪ ‬ﹶﺘﺤ‪ ‬ﱠﻜ ‪‬ﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ﻜﺎﻥ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﻌﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺴﻬ‪‬ﻡ؛ ﻓﻘﺩ ﺃﺼﺒﺢ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺠﺴ‪‬ﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﻴﺌﺔ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺇﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﻑ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺘﺤ‪‬ﻭ َ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺄﻟﹸﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺤﺭ‪‬ﺏ‪.‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫)ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻤــــﻊ ﺁﺸِــــﻴﺭِﻴﻡ‬
‫‪(ASHERIM‬‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﺸﺎﺨﺹ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻘﺩ‪‬ﺱ ﻜـﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘﺼِـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﻘﺭﺏ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻬ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﻜلِ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﺎﻤﻴﻴﻥ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻲ ﺃﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﺴﺒ‪ ‬ﹶﻎ‬
‫ﺒﻬﺫﹶﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻁﱠﺒﻴﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼﻔﹶﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤِل ﻫﻭ ﺨﻴـﺭ ﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎ ِ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ل ﺍﺴﻤ‪‬ﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺩِﻴ ﹶﻨ ِﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﹶﺤ ِﻤ ُ‬
‫ﺘﻠﻙ ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺴِـﻴﺔ ِﺒ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌﺒ‪‬ـﻭ ِﺩﻫِﻡ؛‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺘﺘﺭﻜﱠﺯ ﺤﻭل ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻹﻟﹶﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻴﺱ ﺒﻴﻥ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺼـ ِﺭ‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺩ ﻋﻨﺩﻫﻡ ِ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﻙ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺩ‪‬ﺍﹶﻟ ِﺔ ﺍﻟﻔـﺎﺭِﺱ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬
‫ﻼ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ﹶ‬
‫ﺢ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‪.‬‬
‫" ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺭﺩ‪‬ﻭﺥ" ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻩ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻔِﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼلِ ﺸـﺠﺭ ﹰﺓ‬
‫ﻷ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹸﻘﺩ‪‬ﻤﺎﺀ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍ َ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﻘﺩ‪‬ﺴﺔﹰ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﻜـﺎﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﺼـﻁﻨﻊ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﺸﺏ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺫﻟﻙ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﹰﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻫ‪ ‬ﻴ َﺌﺔِ‬
‫ﺘﻤﺜﺎل‪ .‬ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﱡﻨﺼ‪‬ﺏ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻤ‪‬ﻭ ِﺩﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬
‫‪٦٧‬‬
‫ﺠﺯﺀ‪‬ﺍ ﻤﻥ ﹶﻟﻭ‪‬ﺍ ِﺯ ِﻡ ﺍﻟﻌِﺒﺎﺩ‪‬ﺓ ﻓﻲ ﻫﻴﻜل‬
‫* ﺃﺩﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻭﺠﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺒﻼﺩ ﺍﻟﻌـﺭﺏ‬
‫ﻴﻬﻭﻩ ﻓﻲ ﺃُﻭ ‪‬ﺭﺸﹶـﻠِﻴﻡ ﺤﺘـﻰ ﻋﻬـﺩ‬
‫ﻫﻭ ﻭﺍﺩ‪.‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺇﺼﻼﺡ ﻴﻭﺸﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﻭﺍﺭِﺩ ﻓـﻲ ﺴِـﻔﹾﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺜﻨﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺹ ﺍﻟﻔِﻴﻨﻴﻘﻴ‪‬ـﺔ‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼﻭ‪ ‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﻭ ﹸﺘ ‪‬‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺼﺏٍ ﻋﻤﻭﺩ ‪‬ﻴ ٍﺔ ﻫﻴﻔـﺎﺀ ﻴﻌﻠﹸﻭﻫـﺎ‬
‫ﹶﻜ ﹸﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﻨِﻴـﺔ ﺘﻜـﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺨﻁﹸﻭﻁ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﻫِﻼل‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹸ‬
‫ﻀﺭﺒ‪‬ﺎ ﻤـﻥ ﻗـﺭﺹ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻤﺱ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﻗﹸﺭﺼﻴﻥ ﻟﻠﺸﻤﺱ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺒِﺭﺠﺎِﻟﻪِ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻤﺭﻫﻡ ﺒ ﹶﻔ ﹾﺘﺢِ ﺒﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﻑ‬
‫ﺤﻅِﻴﺭ ﹰﺓ ﻟ ﹶﻐ ﹶﻨﻤِـﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺨ ﹶﺫ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﻑ ‪‬‬
‫ﻟﻴ ﱠﺘ ِ‬
‫ﺃﹶﺻ‪‬ﺤﺎﺏ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻜﹶﻬ‪‬ﻒ‬
‫ل ﺭِﺠﺎﻟﹸﻪ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﻑﹶ؛ ﻟﻡ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺭﻭ‪‬ﺍ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻤﺎ ﺩﺨ َ‬
‫ل ﺍﻷﻤﺭ ﺍﻟﻔِ ﹾﺘﻴ‪ ‬ﹶﺔ ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ ﺒﻌـﺜﻬﻡ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺃ ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫‪ASHAB AL-KAHF‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﹸﺓ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ﻫﻡ ﺍﻟﻔِﺘﻴ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ ‪‬‬
‫ﻀ ـ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻪ‬
‫ـﺫﻱ ‪‬‬
‫ـل ﺍﻟـ‬
‫ـﻲ ﺍﻷﺠـ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﻓـ‬
‫ﺏ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺘﺴـﻤﻴﺘﻬﻡ "ﻨﹸـﻭ‪‬ﺍﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻐ ِﺭ ِ‬
‫ﻟﻴﻘﻅﺘﻬﻡ‪ .‬ﻭﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﺍﺴﺘﻴﻘﻅﻭﺍ ﻜﺎﻨﻭﺍ ﻻ‬
‫ﺃﻓﺴﻭﺱ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺒﻌﺔ"‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﻭﺭﺩ ﺫِﻜﺭ‪‬ﻫﻡ‬
‫ﺏ ﻭ ﹶﻓﺯ‪‬ﻉٍ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﻴﺯﺍﻟﹸﻭﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺤﺎﹶﻟﺔِ ﺭ‪‬ﻋ ٍ‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ـﺫﻫ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺭﻴﻡ‪ .‬ﻭﻴـ‬
‫ـﺭﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻜـ‬
‫ـﻲ ﺍﻟﻘـ‬
‫ﻓـ‬
‫ﻁﺭِ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻨﺠﻭﺍ ﻤﻨﻪ‪ .‬ﹶﻓﻌ‪‬ﻤ‪‬ﺩ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﺇﻟﻰ‬
‫ﺨﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔِﺘﻴﺔ ﻤـﻥ ‪‬ﻤﺩِﻴﻨـ ٍﺔ ﻜﺎﻨـﺕ ﺘﻌﺒـﺩ‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫ﺸ ﹶﺘﺭِﻱ‪ ‬ﻁﻌﺎﻤ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻡ ﻴ‪‬ﻌ ِﺭ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺩِﻴﻨﺔ ﻟِﻴ‪ ‬ﹾ‬
‫ﺽ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻜﺜِﻴﺭ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﺍﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺒﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻴﻁﹶﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒﻌﺜـﻭﺍ ﺒﺄﺤـﺩﻫِﻡ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺘﹸﺼﻭ‪‬ﺭ ﻜﺎﻟﻨﱠﺨﻴـل ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﺭﺴـﻭﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﺙ ﺃﺤـﺩ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻋـﺎﺓ‬
‫ﻭﺫﺍﺕ ﻴﻭﻡ ﺒ‪‬ﻌ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﹰﺎ ﹸﺘ ﹾﻨﺤ‪‬ﺕ ﻓﻴﻤـﺎ ﻴﺸـﺒﻪ‬
‫ﺸ ﹾﻜلِ ﺃﻋﻀﺎ ِﺌ ِﻪ‬
‫ل ﺇﻨﺴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻓﻲ ﹶ‬
‫ﺸ ﹾﻜ َ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺴِﻠﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺜﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤﺎ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﹸﺘ ﹾﻜﺴ‪‬ـﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻨﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟﺸـﺎﺨﺹ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﺠﻭﺥ‪ .‬ﻭ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻨ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﻨﻭﻉ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺨﺸﺏ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻷﺸﻴﺭﺍ ﻴ‪‬ﻌ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺭ ﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﹰﺎ ﺭﻤﺯ‪‬ﺍ‬
‫ﻁﹶﻠﻕﹸ ﺍﺴﻤ‪‬ﻪ ﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﹰـﺎ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﻹﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻜﻨﹾﻌﺎ ِﻨﻴ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﺍﺴ ‪‬ﻡ ﺃﺸﻴﺭﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺇﻟﻬـﺔ‬
‫ﻕ ﻫﺫﺍ‬
‫ﻁﻠِ ﹶ‬
‫ﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺨﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ُﺃ ﹾ‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻱ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺴ ‪‬ﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺯﻭﺠ ﹶﺔ ﺍﻹﻟ ِﻪ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﻭﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﺎﻹﻟﻬﺔ ﺍﻷﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻨـﺎﻁِﻕ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻴ‪ ‬ﻌ ﹶﺘﻘِ ‪‬ﺩ ﻜﺭﺍﺏ ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺭﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﻅﻤ‪‬ـﻰ‬
‫ﺠ ِﺭ ‪‬ﻴ ٍﺔ‬
‫ﺇﻤﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﺒﻘﺎﻴﺎ ﻤ‪ ‬ﺭﺤ‪‬ﹶﻠﺔٍ ﺸﹶـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻲ‪-‬‬
‫ﺱ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺤ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﻤﺎ ِﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻭ ‪-‬ﺒﺎﻟﻘِﻴﺎ ِ‬
‫ل‪.‬‬
‫ﻁﻘﹶـ ِﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﻴﻜﹶـ ِ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺩﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻟِﻤ ﹾﻨ ﹶ‬
‫ﻋﻼﻤﺎﺕ ‪‬‬
‫ﺝ ﺃﺸﻴﺭﺍ ﻓﻲ ﻓﻠﺴﻁﻴﻥ ﻫﻭ‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﺯ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔِﺘﻴﺔ ﹶﻨ ‪‬ﺒﺫﹸﻭﺍ ﻋِﺒﺎﺩ‪ ‬ﹶﺓ ﺍﻷﻭﺜﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺨﺫﻭﺍ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﻭﺘﺴﻌ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺍﻟﻭ‪ ‬ﹶﺜﻨِ ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﺔ ﻗﺩ ﺍ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻘﺭ‪‬ﻀ‪ ‬ﹾ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﻴﻌﺒﺩﻭﻥ ﺍﷲ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ ﻤِـﻥ ﻤ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩ ِ‬
‫ﺤﻴ‪ ‬ﹸﺔ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺴِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺨﻼل ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺩ‪‬ﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﺤﱠﻠ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟــﺭ‪‬ﻭﻡ )ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨــﺎﻥ ﺃﻭ ﺁﺴــﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻐﺭﻯ(‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﻓﹶـﺭ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﻤـﻥ ﺘﻠـﻙ‬
‫ﻤﺤﻠﱠﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻡ ﻴﻜﺩ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻰ ﻴﻌﻭﺩ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ ﻭَﺃ ‪‬ﻭﻭ‪‬ﺍ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻜﹶﻬـﻑٍ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺠﺯ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﻋـﻥ ﺇﺒﻌـﺎﺩِﻩ‪،‬‬
‫ﻋ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﻌﻬﻡ ﻜﻠﺏ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻨﺎﻤ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﻓﻲ ﺫﻟﻙ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﻑ‪ .‬ﺜﻡ ﺠـﺎ ‪‬ﺀ‬
‫ﻲ ﺩﺍﻗﻴﻭﺱ )ﺃﻭ ﺩﺍﻗﻨﻴﻭﺱ‬
‫ﻙ ﺍﻟﻭ‪ ‬ﹶﺜﻨِ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤِﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﻬﻑ ﺜﺎﻨﻴ ﹰﺔ ﻟﺭﻓﺎ ِﻗﻪِ؛ ﺤﺘﱠﻰ ﻀ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺁﺫﺍﻨﻬﻡ ﻤﺭ ﹰﺓ ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭ ِﻗﺼ‪ ‬ﹸﺔ َﺃﺼ‪‬ﺤﺎﺏِ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻜ ‪‬ﻬﻑِ ﻤ‪‬ﺸﻬ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ﹲﺓ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺭ ِﻗ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ ﻭﺍﻟ ﹶﻐ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺒﻴ‪‬ﺔ‬
‫ﺫﺍﺌﻌﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻵﺩﺍ ِ‬
‫ـ ‪‬ﺩ ﺴـ‬
‫ـﺯﺍل‬
‫ـﻭﺍﺀ‪ .‬ﻭﻻ ﺘـ‬
‫ـﻰ ﺤـ‬
‫ﻋﻠـ‬
‫ﺽ‬
‫ﺃﻭ ﺩﺍﻗﻴﺎﻨﻭﺱ( ﻭﻤﻌﻪ ﺃﺘﺒﺎﻋﻪ ِﻟ ﹾﻠﻘﹶﺒ ِ‬
‫ﻱ ﻭﺍﺤـ ٍﺩ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﻟﻡ ﻴﺴﺘﻁﻊ ﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﻟﻠﻜﻬﻑ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺒﻨﹶﻰ ﻋﻠﻴﻬِﻡ‬
‫ﻤﻨﻬﻡ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺩﺨﹸﻭ َ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﻑ ﻟﻴﻤﻭﺘﻭﺍ ﺠ‪‬ﻭﻋ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﺩﺍﻗﻴﻭﺱ ﺒﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺱ ﺃﻤﺭﻫﻡ ﺒﻌﺩ‬
‫ﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ‪‬‬
‫ﻁﺸﹰﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻨ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻋ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﺫﻟﻙ‪.‬‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﻭﻀ‪‬ﻭﻋ‪‬ﺎ ﻴﺤﻔـﺯ ﺍﻷﺩﺒـﺎﺀ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﺍﺴــﺘﻠﻬﺎﻤﻪ ﻓــﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺴــﺭﺤﻴﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺼﺹ‪.‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻤ‪‬ﻭ ِﺩﻴ‪‬ﺔ‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬‬
‫ﻟﺩﻯ ﺍﻟﺴﻭﺭﻴﻴﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻟﻨﱡ ‪‬‬
‫ﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻋﺩﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺃﻭﺭ‪‬ﻫﺎ ﺍﻟﻁﱠﺒﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﹶﺘﺒ‪ ‬ﻴﻥ‪ ‬ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟ ِﻔ ﹾﺘﻴ‪ ‬ﹶﺔ ﻨﺎﻤ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﺜﻼﺜﻤﺎﺌﺔ ﺴـﻨﺔ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﻁ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻻﺴ ‪‬ﻡ ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫ﺃﻤﻭﺭﻭ‪ .‬ﻭﺍ ‪‬ﺭ ﹶﺘﺒ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﻤﺨﻠﺼﻴﻥ‪ .‬ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﱠﺘﻔِﻕ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﺍﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔﺘﹶﻰ؛ ﻓﺴﺎ ﹶﻗ ‪‬ﻪ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤِﻠﻙِ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻨـﺎﻙ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﻕ‬
‫ﻁﻠﹶـ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﺭﻤﺯ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ َﺃ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻭﺜﺎﻥ؛ ﻅﻠﱡﻭﺍ ﻭﺤﺩﻫﻡ ﻴﻌﺒﺩﻭﻥ ﺍﷲ‬
‫ﺒﺎﺌ ‪‬ﻊ ﺍﻟﻁﱠﻌﺎ ِﻡ ﺍﻟ ﱡﻨﻘﹸﻭ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺩ‪ ‬ﹶﻓﻌ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‬
‫ﺃﻃﻼﻧﺘﺎ ‪ATALANTA‬‬
‫ﺍﺒﻨ ﹸﺔ ﺃﻴﺎﺴﻭﺱ ﻭﻜﻠـﻭﻤﻴﻨﻲ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻁِﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻴ‪‬ﻭﻨﺎ ِﻨﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﺃﻨﻜﹶﺭﻫـﺎ‬
‫‪٦٨‬‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫َﺃﺒ‪‬ﻭﻫﺎ ﻷﻨﻪ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻴﺭﻴـﺩ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻨﺠِـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﺎﺯﺜﻴﻨﻭﺒﺎﻴﻭﺱ ﺃﺤﺩ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻘﻭ‪‬ﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﺒﻌﺔ‬
‫ﻀ ‪‬ﻌ ﹾﺘﻬ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﺒ ﹲﺔ ﻭﻫﻲ ﺭﻤـﺯ‬
‫ﹶﺫ ﹶﻜﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﹶﻓَﺄ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ ﺤﺎﺭﺒﻭﺍ ﻓﻲ ﻁِﻴﺒﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺜ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺔ ﺭِﻭﺍﻴﺔ ﻤ‪‬ﺘﺄﺨﱢﺭﺓ ﻋﻥ ﻫـﺫﻩ‬
‫ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭﺓ ﺘﻘﻭل ﺇﻥ ﺃﻁﻠـﺱ ﻜـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺁﺜﺭﺕ ﺃﻥ ﺘﻌﻴﺵ ﻋﺫﺭﺍﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻥ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻨﻔِﺭ‪‬‬
‫*ﺃﻓﺭﻭﺩﻴﺕ ﻟﻬﻤﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻡ ‪‬ﻴﻘﹶـﺩ‪‬ﻤﺎ ﻟﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﻘ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﻡ ﻟﺒﺭﺴﻴﻭﺱ ﺍﻟﻁﱠﻌﺎ ‪‬ﻡ ﻭﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ـﺄﻭ‪‬ﻯ‪،‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﻟﻺﻟﻬﺔ * ﺃﺭﺘﻴﻤﻴﺱ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻤـﺎ ﺸـﺒ‪‬ﺕ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺠﻤِﻴـ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻡ ﻴ‪ ‬ﻌ ﹶﺘﺭِﻑِ ﺍﻟﺯ‪‬ﻭﺠـﺎﻥ ﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺽ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺒﻼﹰ؛ ﻷﻨﻪ ‪‬ﺭﻓﹶـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺦ ‪‬‬
‫ﺇﻨﺴﺎﻨﹰﺎ ‪‬ﻤﺴِ ﹶ‬
‫ل ﺍﺜﻨﻴﻥ ﻤﻥ ﻜﺎﺌِﻨـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻭ ﹸﻗ ‪‬ﻭﺘِﻬﺎ ﺃﻥ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻘ ﹸﺘ َ‬
‫ﺕ ﻤﻨﻬﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻌ‪‬ﺎ ِﺒ ِﺩ ﺒﻐﺭﺍﻤِﻬﻤﺎ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻘﻤ‪ ‬ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻐﹸﻭﻟﹶﺔ ﺍﻟﺨﹸﺭﺍ ِﻓﻴ‪‬ﺔ؛ ﻓﻤـﺎ ﻜـﺎﻥ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻭﻟﹶﺘﻬ‪‬ﻤﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻟﻬﺔ * ﻜﻭﺒﻴﻠﻲ ﺒﺄﻥ ‪‬‬
‫ﺱ ﻫـﺫﻩ‬
‫ﺒﺭﺴﻴﻭﺱ ﺇﻻ ﺃﻥ ﺭ‪ ‬ﹶﻓﻊ‪ ‬ﺭ ْﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﺴﺩﻴﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﺦ ﺃﻁﻠـﺱ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻐﹸﻭﻟﹶﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﻨﺩﺌـﺫ ‪‬ﻤﺴِـ ﹶ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺯ‪‬ﻭﺍﺝ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﺴﺘﻁﺎﻋ‪‬ﺕ ﺒﺠِـﺩ‪‬ﻫﺎ‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ‪‬ﺒﺠِﻴـل‪ ،‬ﻭﺩﻨﱠﺴـﺎ َﺃﺤ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﹸﻓﺭ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﻤِﻴﺩ‪‬ﻭﺴـﺎ‬
‫ل ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﻁﹶـ ُ‬
‫ﺒﻌﺩ ﺃﻥ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺘ َ‬
‫"ﺍﻟﻘﻨﻁﻭﺭﺱ" ﺍﻟﺨﹸﺭﺍ ِﻓﻴ‪‬ـﺔ؛ ﻷﻨﱠﻬﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﻁﺎﺭ‪‬ﺩﺍﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﺍﺸﺘﺭﻜﺕ ﻓﻲ ﻤ‪‬ﺒـﺎﺭﺍ ِﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻟﻭﺩ‪‬ﻭﻨﻴ‪‬ﺔ )ﺍﻨﻅﺭ‪ :‬ﺼـﻴﺩ‬
‫ﻭ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﺭﻭ‪‬ﻯ ﻋﻥ ﺃﻁﺎﻻﻨﺘﺎ ﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ﻭﺸـﻴ‪‬ﺔ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻪ ﻭﺸﹶـ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻩ‬
‫ﺠﺭ‪‬ﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺼﺒﺤﺕ ِﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﻋـﻥ‬
‫ﺙ ﻨﻔﺴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ‪‬ﺭ ِﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺤﺩﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻪ‬
‫ﺼﺨﹸﻭﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻭﺭ‪‬ﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﻏﺎﺒﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋِﻅﺎ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬‬
‫"ﻤﻴﻠﻴﺎﺠﺭ" ﺠﺎﺌِﺯ ﹶﺓ ﺍﻟﻔﹶﻭ ِﺯ ﻭﻫﻲ ﺠِﻠـﺩ‬
‫ل ﺇﻨﻬـﺎ ﺍﺒﻨـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺭﻜﺎﺩﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻥ ﻗِﻴـ َ‬
‫ﺠﺭِ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺨﺫ ﻜل ﺠﺯ ٍﺀ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺤ‪‬‬
‫ﺫِﺭﻭ ﹶﺓ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨِﻨﺯِﻴ ٍﺭ ﺒ‪‬ﺭﻱ‪‬؛ ﻓﺎﻋﺘﺭﻑ ﺒﻬﺎ ﺃﺒ‪‬ﻭﻫـﺎ‬
‫ﺴﺨﻭﻴﻨﻴﻭﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻓﺎ ‪‬ﺯ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬
‫ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻷﺠﺯﺍﺀ ‪‬ﻴﺯ‪‬ﺩﺍ ‪‬ﺩ ﺤﺘﱠﻰ ﺃﺼـﺒﺢ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﻁ ﹾ‬
‫ﺸ ﹶﺘﺭ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﺏ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﺃﻥ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺯ ‪‬ﻭﺝ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎ ﹾ‬
‫ﻭﻁﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓــﻲ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ــﺒﺎﻕ ﻭ ﹶﺘﺯﻭ‪‬ﺠﻬــﺎ ﻫــﻭ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺤﻤِـ ُ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﺒ‪‬ـ َ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹼﻜلﱡ ﺫﻟﻙ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﻤﻌﻬﺎ ﹸﻜلﱡ ﻤﻥ ﻴﺨﻁﺒﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺨَ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﺩ ﹸ‬
‫ﺴِﺒﺎﻕ؛ ﻷﻨﻬﺎ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻴﻘﻴﻥ ﺒﺄﻨﻬﺎ‬
‫"ﻫﻴﺒﻭﻤﻴﻨﻴﺱ"‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻨﻬﻤﺎ ﺘﺤﻭ‪‬ﻻ ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﺴـﺩﻴﻥ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻴـﺩ ﺍﻹﻟﻬـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻤﺎﺀ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌ ﹶﺘﻘﹶـ ‪‬ﺩ ﺃﻥ ﻫـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﻕ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻜﺎ ِﺌﻨﹰﺎ ﻤـﻥ ‪‬ﻴﻜﹸـﻭﻥ‪،‬‬
‫ﺴ‪ ‬ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻔ ‪‬ﻭ ﹸ‬
‫"*ﻜﻭﺒﻴﻠﻲ"‪.‬‬
‫ﺴﻌ‪‬ﺕ ‪‬ﺭ ﹾﻗﻌ‪‬ـ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟﻌـﺎﹶﻟﻡِ ﺒﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻤﺎ ﺍ ﱠﺘ ‪‬‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﻨﺯﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻟﻭﺩﻭﻨﻲ(‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺴﻠﱠﻤﺕ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﻋﺩ‪‬ﺍ ٍﺀ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻅﹶﻬ ِﺭ‬
‫ﺴﺭ‪‬ﻉ‪ ‬‬
‫ﻷﻨﻬﺎ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ َﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﻉ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺝ ﻤﻨﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﺴـﺘﻁﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻗﺒﻠﺕ ﺍﻟﺯﻭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﻕ ﻋﻠﻴﻬــﺎ ﺁﺨــﺭ ﺍﻷﻤــﺭ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺘﻔﹶــ ‪‬ﻭ ﹶ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺩ ِﺓ‬
‫"ﻤﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺘﻴﻭﻥ"؛ ﻭﺫﻟــﻙ ﺒﻤ‪‬ﺴــﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﹶﺫ ‪‬ﻫ ِﺒﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺃﺨﺫ ﻴﻠﻘﻴﻬـﺎ ﺃﺜﻨـﺎﺀ‬
‫ﹸﺘﻔﹼﺎﺤﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﻕ ﻭﺍﺤﺩ ﹰﺓ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‪ .‬ﻭ ﹸﻓ ِﺘﻨﹶـ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺒﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻁ ﹸﻜلﱠ ﹸﺘﻔﹼﺎﺤ ٍﺔ ﻋﻨﺩ‬
‫ﺤﻨِﻲ ﻟِ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺘﻘِ ﹶ‬
‫ﻓﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺇﻟﻘﺎﺌﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻜﺫﺍ ﹸﻗ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﺭ ﻟﻤﻴﻠﻴـﺎﺘﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻴﻔﻭﺯ ﺒﻬﺎ ﺯ‪‬ﻭﺠ‪‬ـﺎ ﻟـﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻨﺠﺒـﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻁِﻴ ِﺭ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺎﻨﻴﺔ ﺃﻥ ﻴ‪ ‬ﺭ ﹶﻓﻊ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻤﺎ ‪‬ﺀ‬
‫ﻁﺒِﻕ‬
‫ﺤﺘﱠﻰ ﻻ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻨ ﹶ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺃﺴﻪ ﻭﻜﺘﻔﻴﻪ؛ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺭﻭِﻱ *ﻫﻴﺴـﻴﻭﺩ‬
‫ﻱ ﺍﻟﺸﹼﺎ ِﺌ ‪‬ﻊ ﻫـﻭ‬
‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‪ .‬ﺒﻴﺩ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺭ ْﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﻐﹶﺭﺒِـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﺃﻁﻠﺱ ﻴﻘﻊ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻤﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﻁ ﹶﻘﺔِ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﹸﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺇﻓﺭﻴﻘﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤِ ﹾﻨ ﹶ‬
‫ل ﺃﻁﻠﺱ‪ .‬ﻭﺠ‪‬ـﺩِﻴ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺴِ ﹾﻠﺴِﹶﻠ ﹸﺔ ﺠِﺒﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﺃﻁﻠﺱ ﻫـﻭ ﺍﺒـﻥ ﺃﻴـﺎﺒﻴﺘﻭﺱ‬
‫ﻭﻜﻠﻭﻤﻴﻨﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺸﻘﻴﻕ *ﺒﺭﻭﻤﻴﺜﻴـﻭﺱ‬
‫ﻭﺃﺒﻴﻤﻴﺜﻴﻭﺱ ﻭﻤﻴﻨﻭﻴﺘﻴـﻭﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗـﺎ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﱢﻴﺘﺎﻥ "ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺭﺩ‪‬ﺓ" ﻀـﺩ *ﺯﻴـﻭﺱ؛‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﻤﺎﺀ‬
‫ﺤﻤِ َ‬
‫ﻋﻘﹸﻭﺒﺘﹸﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻴ‪ ‬‬
‫ﻓﻜﺎﻨﺕ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺃﺴﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟ ﱢﺫ ﹾﻜ ِﺭ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻜ ِﺒﺭ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺸﹶﺄ ِ‬
‫ل‪.‬‬
‫ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺠِﺒﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻤِﻥ ﺍﻟﻅﱠﻭﺍ ِﻫ ِﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻟﻬﺎ ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺃﻁﺎﻻﻨﺘﺎ ِﺒﺠ‪‬ﻤﺎل ﻫـﺫﻩ ﺍﻟ ﱡﺘﻔﹼﺎﺤـﺎﺕ؛‬
‫ﺍﻹﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ ﻗﹸـ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﺭ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻕ‬
‫ل ﻓﻲ ﻤ‪‬ﻨﺎﻁِ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺴ ‪‬ﻡ ﺃﻁﻠﺱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺠِﺒﺎ ٍ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺙ‬
‫*ﺃﻓﺭﻭﺩﻴﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺃﻋﻁﺘـﻪ ﺜﹶـﻼ ﹶ‬
‫ﻕ‬
‫ﻁﻠِـ ﹶ‬
‫ﺠﺩِﻴـﺩ‪‬ﺓ؛ ُﺃ ﹾ‬
‫ﻑ ﻤﻥ ﺃﻗﺎﻟِﻴ ‪‬ﻡ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍ ﹾﻜ ﹸﺘﺸِ ﹶ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﺘﻐﻠﱠﺏ ﻋﻠﻴﻬـﺎ ﺃﺤـﺩ‬
‫ﺃﹶﻃﹾﻠﹶﺲ‬
‫‪ATLAS‬‬
‫ل ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﻊ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺤﺎﻓﹼـ ِﺔ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠ‪‬ﺒ‪َ ‬‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻌِﻤﺎﺭ ﹶﺓ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺎﻨِﻴ ﹶﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﺼـ ِﺭ‬
‫ﻲ ﻋﺭﻓﺕ ﺍﻷﻁﻠﻨﻁﻴﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﻠﻴﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﹶﻜ ‪‬ﺩﻋِﺎ ِﺌ ‪‬ﻡ ِﻟ ﹾﻠﻤ‪‬ﺒـﺎﻨِﻲ‬
‫ﺨ ِﺩ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾ‬
‫ﺴ ﹸﺘ ﹾ‬
‫لﺍ‪‬‬
‫ﺘﹶﻤﺎﺜِﻴ ُ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻤ ‪‬ﺩﺓِ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫـﺫﺍ ﺒﺘـﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬
‫ﻷ‪‬‬
‫ﻻ ﻤﻥ ﺍ َ‬
‫ﺒﺩ ﹰ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫‪٦٩‬‬
‫ﺼ ِﺔ ﺒﺠﺒل ﺃﻁﻠـﺱ‬
‫ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭ ِﺓ ﺍﻟﺨﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫‪‬ﻤﺘﹶﻔﺎﻭِﺘﺔ ﺍﻟﻁﻭل‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹸﺘ ﹾﻨﺸﹶﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﹶﻟﺤ‪‬ـ ٍ‬
‫ﺭﻭﻨﺴﻴﺴﻔﺎل( ﻤﺴـﺭﺤ‪‬ﺎ ﻷﺤـﺩﺍﺙ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﺤﻤل ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻤﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻋﻠـﻰ ‪‬ﺭ ْﺃﺴِـ ِﻪ‬
‫ﺸﺒ‪‬ﻪ ﺩِﻴﻨﻲ ﻴﺘﻜﺭ‪‬ﺭ ﻤﻊ ﹸﻜلﱢ ‪‬ﺒﻴ‪‬ﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺕ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻨﺴﻴﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻌﺎﺭِﻙ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﹶﻨﺸِﺒ‪ ‬ﹾ‬
‫ﺏ ﺃﺨـﺭﻯ؛ ﻓﻔـﻲ‬
‫ﺃﺴﺎﻁِﻴﺭ ﺸﹸـﻌ‪‬ﻭ ٍ‬
‫ﺃﻏﻨﻴﺔ ﺭﻭﻻﻨـﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﺒﻌـﺽ ﺃﻏـﺎﻨﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻥ ﻴ‪ ‬ﹶﺘﺭ‪ ‬ﺩ ‪‬ﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻜل ﻟِﺴﺎﻥٍ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﻭﻜﹶﺘ ﹶﻔﻴ‪‬ﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟ ِﻔ ﹾﻜ ‪‬ﺭ ﹸﺓ ﺘﻭﺠـﺩ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﺭ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻷﻏـﺎﻨﻲ ﻫـﻲ *‬
‫ﻭَﺃ ﹾ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﻠﻤﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺠﻌﻠـﺕ ﺍﺴـ ‪‬ﻡ ﻫـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻤﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻴﺤ ِﻤﻠﹸﻬﺎ ﺁﻟﻬﺔ ﺃﺭﺒﻌـﺔ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻗﺼﺼﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﻨﻭﻉ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻻﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﻫﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﺸﱡﺠﺎﻉ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ ﻻ ﹶﺘﻠِـﻴﻥ‬
‫ِﻟ ﹾﻠﻤ‪‬ﺤﺎ ِﺭ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱠﻭﻉ ﺃُﻏﻨﻴﺔ ﺠﻭﺭﻤﻭﻥ ﻭﺇﻴﺯﻤﺒﺎﺭﺩ‪،‬‬
‫ﻉ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬
‫ﹶﻗﻨﹶﺎﺘﹸ ‪‬ﻪ‪ .‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺠﺎﻨﺏ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻏﻨﻴﺔ ﻭﻴﻠﻴﺎﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﻀ ﹾﺘ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻠﺤ‪‬ﻤ ﹸﺔ ﺒﻴﻥ ﻤ‪‬ﻌﺴ‪‬ـ ﹶﻜﺭ‪‬ﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺱ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻼ ﻴﻌﺘﻘـﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﹼـﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴﻴﺒﻴﺭﻴﺎ ﻤـﺜ ﹰ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﺏ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻘﻁﹸﻭﻋـﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ‪‬ﻴﺴ‪‬ـ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﻁﹸﻭﻻ ِ‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫ﻁﻠﹶﻬـﺎ ﺭﻭﻻﻨـﺩ ﻤِﺜـﺎ ﹰ‬
‫ﺼﻭ‪‬ﺭﺕ ‪‬ﺒ ﹶ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺃﺭﻜﺎﻨِﻬﺎ ﺍﻷﺭﺒﻌﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺸﺒِﻴ ‪‬ﻪ ﺒﻬﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺼﻭ‪‬ﺭ ﻤﺎ ﻨﺠﺩﻩ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻭﹶ‬
‫ﺤﻠﹾﻘـ ﹰﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺘﹸﺅﻟﱢﻑ ﺃﻏﺎﻨﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﻁﹸﻭﻻﺕ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺠل ﻋﻘﻴﺩﺓ ﺩﻴﻨﻴـﺔ؛‬
‫‪‬ﻤﺘﹶﺤﺎ ِﺭﺒ‪‬ﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺠﺩ‪‬ﻩ‬
‫ل ﻋﻠﻰ ﺫﻟﻙ ﻤﺎ ﹶﻨ ِ‬
‫ﺇﻨﺴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻤِﺜﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟﺠﻭ‪‬ﺍل ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻨﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺸِﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻨ ِ‬
‫ﺒﻴﻥ ﺸﺨﺼﻴﺘﻴﻥ ﹶﺘ ﱠﺘﺴِﻤﺎﻥ ﺒﺎﻟ ‪‬ﺒﻁﹸﻭﻟـﺔِ‪،‬‬
‫ﻲ ﻤﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻁﻠـﺱ‬
‫ﻷﺩ‪‬ﺏِ ﺍﻟﻴ‪‬ﻭﻨﺎ ِﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍ َ‬
‫ﻱ ﻋﺸ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﻤِﻴﻼ ِﺩﻴ‪‬ﻴﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺎ ِﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﹶﺨﺘﻠِﻔﺎﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﻭﺍﺯِﻉ ﻭﺍﻟﻁﱢﺒـﺎﻉِ؛‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﻼﻑِ ﺍﻟﺸﱡـﻌ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺨﺘِ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷَﺴﺎﻁِﻴ ِﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍ ﹾ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺽ ﻴﺤﻤﻠﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﻌﺘﻘﺩ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻷﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﻤﺎ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻴ‪‬ـﺭﺩ‪‬ﺩﻩ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻴ ﹰﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺤ‪‬ﻠﻘﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺭ‪‬ﺌﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻉ ﺁﺨﹶـ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﻓﺈﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺼِﺭﺍﻋ‪‬ﺎ ﻤﻥ ﻨﹶﻭ ٍ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﻌﺎﹶﻟﻡ‪ ‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﻜﺘﻔﹶﻴﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺤ ِﻤ ُ‬
‫ﺇﻨﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﹸﻏﹾﻨِﻴﺔﹸ ﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ﻄﹸﻮﻻﺕ‬
‫ﻼ ﻨﺒﻴﻼﹰ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﻜﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻜﺎﻥ ﺭﻭﻻﻨﺩ ﺒﻁ ﹰ‬
‫ﺃﹸﻏﹾﻨِﻴﺔﹸ ﺭ‪‬ﻭﻻﻧ‪‬ﺪ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺃﻱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﺴﻴﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻋﻨِﻴﺩﹰﺍ ﺼ ﹾﻠ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ل ﺒﺎﻟﻜﹶﺭﺍﻤـ ِﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻤﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ ﹶﺘ ﱠﺘﺼِـ ُ‬
‫‪SONG OF ROLAND‬‬
‫ﺴﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﹶﻗﺩِﻴﻤﺔ ﻤﻥ ‪٤٠٠٠‬‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻠﺤ‪‬ﻤ ﹲﺔ ﻓﹶﺭ ﹾﻨ ِ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ِﻘ ﱡ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻤﻌﺔ‪ .‬ﺃﻤﺎ ﺃﻭﻟﻴﻔﺭ؛ ﻓﻠﻡ ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻜ ‪‬‬
‫ﻀ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻠﻤﻴﻥ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻙ ﺸﺎﺭﻟﻤﺎﻥ ِ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﻌﺎ ِﺭ ِ‬
‫ل ﻋﻥ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺭﺃﻴـﻪ ﺇﻴﺜـﺎﺭ‪‬ﺍ‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﺘﹶﻨﺎﺯ‪ُ ‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﱠﺭﺠ‪‬ﻤ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ﺭﻓﻴ‪ ‬ﹸﺔ ﻟﻬﺎ "ﺃُﻏﻨِﻴـ ﹸﺔ‬
‫ﻷﻋ‪‬ﻤﺎل"‪ ...‬ﺃﻱ ﺃﻋﻤﺎل ﺍﻷﺒﻁـﺎل؛‬
‫ﺍَ‬
‫ﺤ ِﻤﻴ‪‬ـﺔ ﻓﹶﺭﻨﺴِـﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﹶﻗﺩِﻴﻤـﺔ‬
‫ﻗﹶﺼﻴﺩ ﹲﺓ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻋ‪‬ﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﺭﺠـﺎل؛ ﻤﺜـل ﺭﻭﻻﻨـﺩ‬
‫ﻭﺸﺎﺭﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﻭﻫﻭﻥ ﺫﻱ ﺒـﻭﺭﺩﻭ‪...‬‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻡ ِﺒﻀ‪‬ـﺭ ٍ‬
‫ﺇﻟﺦ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻘﺼﻴﺩﺓ ﹶﺘﺘﱠ ِ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﻑ ﺍﻟﻠﱢﻴﻥ ﻓـﻲ ﺇﻁـﺎ ِﺭ ﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ﻴـ ِ‬
‫ﺤﺭ‪‬ﻭ ﹸ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﺤِﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻘﺴِ ‪‬ﻡ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﻤ‪‬ﻘﻁﹸﻭﻋـﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﻀﻰ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﺤﻤﺔ ﺒﺼﻭﺭﺘﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻜﺎﻤﻠﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌﺭ‪‬ﻭﻓﹶﺔ ﻨﺤﻭ ﺘﺴـﻌﻤﺎﺌﺔ‬
‫ﺴﻨﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻠﱠﻬﺎ ﺃﻗﺩﻡ ﻭﺃﺭﻭﻉ ﺍﻟﻤﻼﺤِـﻡ‬
‫ﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻘﺭ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻭ‪‬ﺴﻁﻰ‪،‬‬
‫ﻅﻬ‪‬ﺭ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﹶ‬
‫ﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻷﺩ‪‬ﺏِ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﹶﻟ ِﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻌﺩ‪ ‬ﻤﻥ ﺭ‪‬ﻭﺍ ِﺌ ِﻊ ﺍ َ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﻭ ﹸﺘﺸِــﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﺃَﻗــﺩ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺨﻁﹸﻭﻁــﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺤﻤ‪‬ـ ِﺔ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ ﺒﻬﺫﻩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﺅﻟﱢﻔﻬــﺎ ﺭﺒﻤــﺎ ﻜــﺎﻥ ﺘﻭﺭﻭﻟــﺩ‬
‫ﺼ ﹶﺔ ‪‬ﺒﻁﹸﻭﻟﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭﺭﻤﺎﻨﺩﻱ‪ .‬ﻭ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭﻭِﻱ ﻗِ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﻤــﻥ ﺭﻭﻨﺴــﻴﻔﻭ )ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﺠ‪‬ﻌ‪‬ﻠﹶــ ﹾ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺌﻥ ﺠﺎﻨﻴﻠﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻟﻡ ﻴﻜﻥ ‪‬ﻴﻘِـ ﱡ‬
‫ﺤﺘِﺩ ﻋﻥ ﻏﻴـﺭﻩ‬
‫ﺸﹶﺠﺎﻋ ﹰﺔ ﻭﻻ ﹶﻜﺭ‪‬ﻡ‪ ‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﻜِﺒﺎ ِﺭ ﺍﻟﻔﹸﺭﺴﺎﻥِ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺃﻨﻪ ﻜـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﻭﺍِﻟﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﻟﻺﻤﺒﺭﺍﻁﻭﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜـﻥ ﻭﻻﺀ‪‬ﻩ‬
‫ﻜﺎﻥ ﻴﺨﻀﻊ ﻷﻫﻭﺍﺌِـﻪ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺨﺼـﻴ‪‬ﺔ‬
‫ﺩﺍﺌﻤ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻨﻘﺎﺩ ﻓﻲ ﺠ‪‬ﻤﻴ ِﻊ ﺍﻷﺤـﻭﺍل‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺨِﻠﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﺘﺘﻜﺭ‪‬ﺭ ﻓﻴﻪ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻭﺴﻴﻘﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻠﻴﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﻟـﻰ‪ .‬ﻭﻗـﺩ‬
‫ﺨﺼِـﻴ‪ ‬ﹸﺔ‬
‫ﺸﹾ‬
‫ِﻟ ﹾﻠ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻔﻌ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤ‪‬ﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﹶ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺽ‬
‫ل ﻤﺂ ِﺜ ‪‬ﺭ ﻭ ‪‬ﺒﻁﹸـﻭﻻﺕ ﺒ‪‬ﻌـ ِ‬
‫ﹶﺘﺘﹶﻨﺎﻭ‪ُ ‬‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫‪CHANSON DE‬‬
‫‪ GESTE = SONG OF‬ﺒﻴﺕ‪ ،‬ﻴ‪‬ـﺩ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ﻤ‪‬ﻭﻀ‪‬ـﻭﻋ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻋﻥ ﺭﻭﻻﻨﺩ ‪‬ﺒﻁﹸﻭﻟﺔﹰ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨـﻪ ﻜـﺎﻥ‬
‫‪DEEDS‬‬
‫ﺨﺼ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻤﺘِﻪ ﻟﻠ ‪‬ﺒﻁﹶل ﺭﻭﻻﻨﺩ؛ ﻭﻫـﻲ‬
‫ﻟﹸ‬
‫ﺤﻘﹾﺩ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺕ ﹶﻗ ﹾﻠﺒ‪‬ﻪ‪ ‬ﺒﺎﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻸ ﹾ‬
‫ﺨﺼ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻤ ﹲﺔ ‪‬ﻤ َ‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻤ ﹸﺔ ﺃﻥ ﺸـﺎﺭﻟﻤﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭﻭِﻱ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﻙ ﺍﻟﻌﻭﺩﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻓﺭﻨﺴﺎ‬
‫ﺸِ‬
‫ﻜﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪‬ﻭ ﹾ‬
‫‪٧٠‬‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﺩﺍ ﺴﺭﻗﺴﻁﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﻗﺒِ َ‬
‫ﹶﻜﺒِﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻷﺴـﺎﻗِﻔﺔ ﺘﺭﺒـﺎﻥ ‪Turpin‬‬
‫ﻤﺭﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﹶﻨ ﹶﻔ ﹶﺫ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ـﺨﺭ‬
‫ﻙ ﻤﺎﺭﺴـﻴﻠﻴﻭﻥ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺘﻘﺩ‪‬ﻡ ﺒﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤِﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎل ﻟﻬﻤﺎ‪" :‬ﺍﻨﻔﺨﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ﻭﻕ ﺤﺘﱠـﻰ‬
‫ﻕ‬
‫ل ﺴ‪‬ﻠﻴﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻓﻭ‪‬ﻀ‪‬ﻌ‪ ‬ﻪ ﻤـﻊ ﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ـﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻅ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻏﻡ ﻤﻥ ﻤﻌﺎﺭ‪‬ﻀﺔ ﺍﺒـﻥ ﺃﺨِﻴـ ِﻪ‬
‫ﻴ‪ ‬ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘﻘِﻡ‪ ‬ﺸﺎﺭﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﻟﻠﻘﺘﻠﻰ‪.‬‬
‫ﺦ ﺭﻭﻻﻨﺩ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺒـﻭﻕ‬
‫ﻭﺃﺨﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﹶﻨ ﹶﻔ ﹶ‬
‫ﺡ‪.‬‬
‫ﺤﺘﹶﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻜﺫﺍ ﺃﺴﻠﹶﻡ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻭﺼل ﺍﻹﻤﺒﺭﺍﻁﻭﺭ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺴﺎﺤ ِﺔ‬
‫ﻁلِ ﺭﻭﻻﻨـﺩ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺴﺭﻗﺴـﻁﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﺢ‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﺩﻏﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺤﻤﻠﺕ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻕ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﺘﱠﻰ ﹶﺘﻤ‪ ‬ﺯ ﹶ‬
‫ـﺩﺍﺙﹸ‪،‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻷﺤـ‬
‫ـﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﹶﺘﺎ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻌ ـ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻜـ‬
‫ﻕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺸﺎﺭﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺼﻭ ﹶ‬
‫ﺕ ﺒ ﹶﻨﺼ‪‬ــﺭِ ﺸــﺎﺭﻟﻤﺎﻥ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺍ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘﻬ‪‬ــ ﹾ‬
‫ﻜﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺒ‪‬ﻌ ِﺩ ﺜﻼﺜـﻴﻥ ﻓﺭﺴـﺨﹰﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻤ ‪‬ﻌ ﹾ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺴﺘﺴﻼﻡ ﺴِﺭﻗﺴﻁﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻤﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﺴ‪‬ــ ﹶﺘﻤ‪ ‬ﺭﺕِ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻜــ ﹸﺔ ﻭَﺃ ‪‬ﺒﻠﹶــﻰ‬
‫ـﺩ‬
‫ﺨﻁِﻴﺒـ ﹸﺔ ﺭﻭﻻﻨـ‬
‫ﺠﻤِﻴﻠـ ﹸﺔ ) ﹶ‬
‫"ﺃﻭﺩ" ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻬﻡ ﻤﻊ ﺫﻟﻙ ‪‬ﻫ ِﺯﻤ‪‬ﻭﺍ‪.‬‬
‫ـ ‪‬ﺩﻤ‪‬ﻲ‬
‫ـ ‪‬ﺩ ﻗﹶـ‬
‫ـﺭﻴﻌ ﹰﺔ ﻋِﻨـ‬
‫ـﺭ‪‬ﺕ ﺼ‪‬ـ‬
‫ﺨﹶـ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺒﻌﺩ ﺃﻥ ﺩﺍﻨﹶﺕ ﻟﻪ ﺇﺴﺒﺎﻨﻴﺎ ﻜﻠﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻪ‬
‫ﺤ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﻨِﻴﻑ ‪‬‬
‫ل ‪‬‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺩ ُ‬
‫ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺩﻴﻘﻴﻥ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺒﻪ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺨﺭ ﺜﻼﺙ‬
‫ﻀ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻋﺩﺍﺌِﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺝ ُﺃﻡ‪‬‬
‫ﺭﻭﻻﻨﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺭﺴ‪‬ل ﺠﺎﻨﻴﻠﻭﻥ ‪‬ﺯ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﻁ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﻠﹾﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﺽ ﻓـﻲ ﺸﹸـﺭ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻟﻠﺘﱠﻔﺎ ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺠﺘِـﻪ‬
‫ﻅ ﺠﺎﻨﻴﻠﻭﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺍﺒﻥ ‪‬ﺯ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻏﺘﺎ ﹶ‬
‫ﻷﻨﻪ ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﺍ ﹾﻗ ﹶﺘﺭ‪‬ﺡ‪ ‬ﺇﻴﻔﺎﺩ‪‬ﻩ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺫﻩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻨﺴﻴﻭﻥ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺃﺤﺴـﻥ ﺍﻟـﺒﻼﺀ‪،‬‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺨﻁِﻴـﺭ‪‬ﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘـﺂﻤ‪‬ﺭ ﻤـﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ِﻬ ‪‬ﻤ ِﺔ ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﺸﻘِﻴ ﹶﻘ ﹸﺔ ﺃﻭﻟﻴﻔـﺭ( ﺃﻨﺒـﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺠِﻌـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﹶ‬
‫ﻼﻙِ ﺭﻭﻻﻨـﺩ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﻋﺩﺍﺀ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻫ‪‬ـ ﹶ‬
‫ﻋﻭ‪‬ﺩﺘِـﻪ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻘﻨِـ ‪‬ﻊ‬
‫ﻉ ﺒﻌـﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﺴﺘﻁﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺃﻭﻟﻴﻔﺭ ﺒـﺎﻟﺠِﺭﺍﺡ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﺨ‪‬‬
‫ﻭُﺃ ﹾﺜ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻤﺒﺭﺍﻁﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ﺒﺘﻌﻴﻴﻥ ﺭﻭﻻﻨﺩ ﻗﺎﺌـﺩ‪‬ﺍ‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻨﹸﻭ ِﺭ ﻋﻴﻨﻴﻪ؛ ﻓﺄَﺼـﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻀ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻗ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ﹸﺘﺨﹾــ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻠﺤ‪‬ﻤــ ﹸﺔ ﺒﻤ‪‬ﺤﺎ ﹶﻜﻤ‪‬ــ ِﺔ‬
‫ﺵ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻤﺎ ‪‬ﺭﺃَﻯ ﺃﻭﻟﻴﻔﺭ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺨﺭ‪‬ﺓِ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻟِ ‪‬ﻤ َﺅ ﱠ‬
‫ﺼﺩِﻴ ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﻪ ﺭﻭﻻﻨﺩ ﺒﻁﻌﻨﺔ ﺨﺎﻁِﺌﺔ‪ ،‬ﺜـﻡ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺠﺎﻨﻴﻠﻴﻭﻥ ﺒ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﻤ ِﺔ ﺨِﻴﺎﻨﺔ ﺍﻹﻤﺒﺭﺍﻁﻭﺭ؛‬
‫ﺼﺩِﻴﻘ ِﻪ‬
‫ل ﺍﻷﻋﺩﺍﺀ ﺃﺸﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﺤ‪‬ﺎﻓِ َ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻕ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﻭﻋﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﺭﻭﻻﻨﺩ ﻴﻨﻔﺦ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺝ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻁﺎﻋـﺔ‬
‫ﺨﺭ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻬﺩِﻑ ﺍﻟ ﹸ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺦ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺤﺭ‪‬ﺹ‪ ،‬ﻭﺤﺜﱠﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻴ‪ ‬ﹾﻨ ﹸﻔ ﹶ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺨﻔﹸﻭﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﻓﻲ ﻀﻌﻑ ﻭ ﹸ‬
‫ـﺘﻬﺩ‪‬ﻑ‬
‫ـﺎ ﺍﺴـ‬
‫ـﻭﺭ؛ ﻭﺇﻨﻤـ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻤﺒﺭﺍﻁـ‬
‫ﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺸـﺎﻟﻤﺎﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﻕ ﻁﺎِﻟﺒ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ل ﺠﻴﺵ‬
‫ﻁﺒ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻭﺴﻤﻊ ﺍﻷﻋﺩﺍﺀ ﺩﻗﹼﺎﺕ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻠﺹ ﻤﻥ ﺭﻭﻻﻨﺩ ﻓﺤﺴﺏ‪ .‬ﻭﺤ‪ ‬ﹶﻜﻡ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﺭﻭﻻﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻴﺩ َﺃﺒ‪‬ﻰ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻡ ﻴﻜﻥ‬
‫ـﻭﺍ‬
‫ـﺎﺭﻟﻤﺎﻥ؛ ﻓﻭﻟـ‬
‫ـﻭﺭ ﺸـ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻤﺒﺭﺍﻁـ‬
‫ﺏ(‬
‫ﻕ ﺭﻭﻻﻨﺩ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫)ﻭﻫﻭ ﺭ‪‬ﻓﻴ ﹸ‬
‫ﺕ ِﻟ ﹶﺘﻭ‪‬ﻫﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺸﺎﺭﻟﻤﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﺎ ﹶﺘ ﹾ‬
‫ﻉ ﻋﻥ ﹶﻨ ﹾﻔﺴِﻪِ ﺒﺄﻨﻪ ﻟـﻡ‬
‫ﻓﻴ‪‬ﺤﺎ ِﻭلُ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻓﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻗﻀ‪‬ﻰ ﹶﻨ ‪‬‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱡﺒﻼ ‪‬ﺀ ِﺒﺒ‪‬ﺭﺍ ‪‬ﺀﺘِﻪ ﺃﻭ‪‬ل ﺍﻷﻤﺭ‪ ،‬ﺒﻴﺩ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻹﻤﺒﺭﺍﻁﻭﺭ "ﺜﻴـﺭﻱ"‬
‫ﺃﺤﺩ ﻓﹸﺭﺴﺎ ِ‬
‫‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺩ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻻﻟﺘِﺤﺎﻡ ﺒﺎﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺩﻭ‪ ‬ﻓﻲ ﻤﻌﺭﻜـﺔ‬
‫ﻫﺎﺭِﺒﻴﻥ ﺒﻌـﺩ ﺃﻥ ﺒ‪‬ـ ﹶﺫﻟﹸﻭﺍ ﻤ‪‬ﺤﺎﻭ‪‬ﻟـ ﹰﺔ‬
‫ﺕ ِﺒ ‪‬ﻬﺯِﻴﻤ‪‬ـﺔ‬
‫ﻏﻴﺭ ‪‬ﻤﺘﹶﻜﺎﻓِﺌـﺔ؛ ﺍ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘﻬ‪‬ـ ﹾ‬
‫ﺕ ﻜﺒﻴـ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﺃﺨﻴﺭ ﹰﺓ ﻟﻘﺘل ﺭﻭﻻﻨﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻤﺎ ﹶ‬
‫ﺞ ﻤﻨﻬﻡ ﻏﹶﻴ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻨﺴﻴﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ ﻟﻡ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻗِﻔﺔ ﺘﺭﺒﺎﻥ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺃﻥ ﻗﺎ ‪‬ﻡ ﺒﻭﺍﺠﺒﻪ‬
‫ﺤ ﹾﻔﻨﹶﺔ ﺼﻐﻴﺭ ٍﺓ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺠﺎلِ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻼﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺭﻭﺍﺡ ﺭِﻓﺎﻗِﻪ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺒﻴﻨﻪ ﻭﺒﻴﻥ "ﺒﻴﻨﺎﺒل" ﻨﺼﻴﺭ ﺠﺎﻨﻴﻠﻭﻥ‪،‬‬
‫ل‪.‬‬
‫ﺴ ِﺘﺒ‪‬ﺴﺎﻟِﻬﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘِﺘﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻏﻡ ﻤﻥ ﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻼﺡ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺼﺒﺢ ﺭﻭﻻﻨﺩ )ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻟﻡ‬
‫ﺤ ﹾﻜ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻨﺘﻬﺕ ﺒﺎﻨﺘﺼﺎﺭ" ﺜﻴﺭﻱ"؛ ﹶﻓ ﹸﻨ ﱢﻔ ﹶﺫ ‪‬‬
‫ﺽ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺤﻜﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻋ ﹶﺘﺭ‪ ‬‬
‫ﺍ‪‬‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺠﺭ‪‬ﺍﺀ ﺫﻟﻙ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﺭﺘﱢﺒﺕ ﻤ‪‬ﺒـﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺯ ﹲﺓ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻹﻋﺩﺍ ِﻡ ﺸﻨﻘﹰﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺌِﻥ ﺠﺎﻨﻴﻠﻭﻥ؛‬
‫ﹶﻨﺭ‪‬ﻯ ﺃﻭﻟﻴﻔﺭ ﻴ‪‬ﺭﻓﹸﺽ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﺭ‪‬ﺓ‬
‫ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻤﺴ‪ ‬ﻪ ﺒﺴﻭﺀ( ﻭﺤﻴﺩﹰﺍ ﻓـﻲ ﺴـﺎﺤﺔ‬
‫ﺦ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ﻭﻕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻜﺭ‪‬ﺭ ﻋﺒـﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹾﻔ ﹶ‬
‫ﺱ ﺒـ ‪‬ﺩ ﹸﻨﻭ‪ ‬ﻤ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﻴﺘِـ ِﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘِﺘﺎل‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﱠﻪ ﺃﺤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺢ ﺃﻥ ﻫـﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻨﻅﹸﻭﻤـﺔ‬
‫ﺠ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺼﺩِﻴﻘِﻪ ﻗﹸﺒﻴل ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻜﺔ؛ ﻷﻨﻪ ﺃﺩﺭﻙ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ل ﺃﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﺤﻁﱢـ ‪‬ﻡ ﺴ‪‬ـﻴﻔﹶﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﹼـﺎﺭ‬
‫ﻓﺤﺎﻭ‪َ ‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﱠﻭﻴﻠﺔ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺼل ﻤ‪‬ﺠﻤ‪‬ﻭﻋ ﹰﺔ‬
‫ﺕ ﺃﻭﺍﻨﹸﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﺜـﺎ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺤﺎﻭ‪‬ﹶﻟ ﹶﺔ ﻗﺩ ﻓﺎ ﹶ‬
‫"ﺩﺭﻨﺩﺍل" ﺤﺘﻰ ﻻ ‪‬ﻴﻘﹶـﻊ ﻓـﻲ ﻴـﺩ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﻏـﺎﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﹼـﺎﺌﻌﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻨـﺎﻙ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺸﻬ‪‬ﺩ ﻗﺼﻴﺭ ﻤ‪‬ﺅﺜﱢﺭ ﻭﺭﺍﺌﻊ؛‬
‫ﻭﻓﻲ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾ‬
‫ﺘﺴﺘﻁﻊ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺩ ﻭﺍﺤﺩ ٍﺓ ﻤﻥ ﺃﻋﺩﺍﺌِـﻪ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺕ ﻋ‪‬ﺩﺍﹶﻟ ﹸﺔ ﺸﺎﺭﻟﻤﺎﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﻜﺫﺍ ﹶﺘﺤ‪ ‬ﱠﻘ ﹶﻘ ﹾ‬
‫‪٧١‬‬
‫"ﺘﻭﺭﻭﻟﺩ" ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺩ ﻓﻲ ﺨِﺘﺎﻡ ﺃﻗﺩﻡ‬
‫ﺤﻤ‪‬ـﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻓﺠ‪‬ﻭ ﹰﺓ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭِﻴﺦ ﻭﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﻕ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺭﺡ‪.‬‬
‫ل ﺒﺎﻟﺘﱠﻌﻠِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺨَ‬
‫ﺩﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻴ‪ ‬ﹶﺘﺩ‪ ‬ﱠ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻤ ِﺔ ﻤﻭﺠﻭﺩﺓ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﻤﺨﻁﻭﻁﺔ ِﻟ ﹾﻠ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻗِﺼﺔ ﺭﻭﻻﻨﺩ ﻗﺩ ﹶﻨﺒ‪‬ﺘﹶـﺕ‬
‫ﺸﺨﹸﻭﺼِـﻪ‪...‬‬
‫ﻉ ﺒﻴﻥ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭَﺃ ‪‬ﺒﺭ‪‬ﺯ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻵﻥ ﻓﻲ ﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ ﺒ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺩﻟِﻴﺎﻥ ﺒُﺄﻜﹾﺴﻔﹸﻭﺭﺩ؛‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﻜﹶﻨﺎﺌِﺱِ ﺭﻭﻨﺴﻴﻔﻭ ﻤﻨﺫ ﻋﻬﺩ ﻤ‪‬ﺒﻜﱢﺭ‬
‫ﺒﻴﻥ ﺭﻭﻻﻨﺩ ﻭﺠـﺎﻨﻴﻠﻴﻭﻥ‪ ...‬ﺒـﻴﻥ‬
‫ﻤﺠﺭﺩ ﻨﺎﺴِﺦ ﺃﻭ ﻨﺎﻗل ﺃﻭ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻨﺸِﺩ؟‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﹶﻟﺏ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﺸـﻌﺭِﻱ ﺇﻻ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻘـﺭﻥ‬
‫ﺠﺎﻨﻴﻠﻭﻥ ﻭﺸﺎﺭﻟﻤﺎﻥ‪ ...‬ﺒﻴﻥ ﺭﻭﻻﻨﺩ‬
‫ﻱ ﻋﺸ ‪‬ﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﱠﺘﻔﹶﻕ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎ ِﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﻭﻟﻴﻔﺭ‪.‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ـﻭل‬
‫ﻥ ﺤـ‬
‫ـﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴـ‬
‫ـﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺍ ِﺭ ِ‬
‫ـﻼﻑ ﺒـ‬
‫ﺨـ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺴﱠﻠ ِﻡ ﺒـﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻫﻨـﺎﻙ‬
‫ﻭﺃﺼﺒﺢ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﻲ( ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺨﺼِـﻴ‪‬ﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤﻌِـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻭِﺠﺩﺍﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻫل ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﺸﹼﺎﻋﺭ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﺃﺒـ ‪‬ﺩﻋ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﺃﻭ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﺨﺘﻠﻑ ﺃﺒﻴﺎﺘﹸﻬﺎ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻁﱡـﻭل‪،‬‬
‫ﺨﻤ‪‬ﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻔﺎﻋِﻴل‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻨﺘﹶﻬـﻲ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻲ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶ‬
‫ﺒﻘﺎﻓِﻴ ٍﺔ ﻭﺍﺤﺩﺓ؛ ﻫﻲ ﹶﻜﻠِﻤﺔ ﻟﻡ ﻴ‪‬ﻭﻓﱠـﻕ‬
‫ـﻴﻥ‬
‫ـﻴﻠﻴﻭﻥ‪ ...‬ﺒـ‬
‫ـﺎﻨﻴﻠﻭﻥ ﻭﻤﺎﺭﺴـ‬
‫ﺠـ‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻜﻤِلِ‬
‫ﻴﻜﺘﻨﻔﻪ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻐﻤ‪‬ﻭﺽ‪‬؛ ﻓﺈﻨﻬﺎ ﻟﻡ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﺼﻔﺔ ﻋﺎﻤﺔ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻏﻨﻴـﺔ ﺭﻭﻻﻨـﺩ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﻭﻓﻲ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺸﺎ ِﻫ ِﺩ ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﺸﹼﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺠﺩ‪‬ﺕ ﺒﺎﻟﻔﻌل ﻗﺒل ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻨﻅﹸﻭﻤـﺔ‬
‫‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺨ ﹶﺘﻠِﻔـﺔِ ﻟﻺﻗﻁـﺎﻉ‬
‫ﻋﻥ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻔﺎﻫِﻴﻡ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺘﻜﺎﻤِﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻭﻓﺔ ﺍﻵﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻡ ﺘﻜﻥ‬
‫ل ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺤ ِﻤ ُ‬
‫ﺘﹶﻌﺒﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﺩِﺭﺍ ِﻤﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﺇﻨﺴﺎﻨﻴ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﻤ‪‬ﺕ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻘـﺭﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻠﺤ‪‬ﻤ ِﺔ ﺃﻥ ﺘﹸﺭ ِ‬
‫ﺨ ﹶﺘﻠِﻑ ﻋﻨﻬـﺎ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻀـﺎﻤِﻴﻥ‬
‫ﹶﺘ ﹾ‬
‫ﺤ ﹾﺘ ِﻤ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﱢﻬﺎﻴـ ِﺔ‬
‫ﺃﻋ‪‬ﻁﺎﻓِﻪ ﹶﻟﻤ‪‬ﺤﺎﺕٍ ﻤﻥ ‪‬‬
‫ﻲ ﻋﺸــ ‪‬ﺭ ﺇﻟــﻰ ﺍﻟﻼﱠﺘﻴﻨﻴــﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺜــﺎﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺢ ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ‪‬ﻭﺠِﺩﺕ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺠ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺕ ﻓــﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ْﺄﺴ‪‬ــﺎ ِﻭﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻜﻤــﺎ ﺒ‪‬ــ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺯ ﹾ‬
‫ﺼﺩ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻹﻟﻬـﺎﻡ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻷﻟﻤﺎﻨﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻱ ﻋﺸـ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﻤﻨﺘﺼﻑ ﺍﻟﻘـﺭﻥ ﺍﻟﺤـﺎ ِﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺍﺠﻴﺩﻴﺎ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺎﻨﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻤﻬﻤـﺎ ﻗِﻴـ َ‬
‫ﻟﻌ‪‬ﺩ ٍﺩ ِﻜﺒِﻴ ٍﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﱡﻌﺭﺍﺀ؛ ﻓﻘﺩ ﹶﻨﻅﹶـ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬‬
‫ﺘﻘﺭﻴﺒ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻨﻬـﺎ ﻜﺎﻨـﺕ ﹶﺘﺴ‪‬ـﺘﹶﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ٍﺭ‬
‫ﻋﻥ ِﻨﺴ‪‬ﺒﺔ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻷﻏﻨﻴـﺔ ﻟﺸﹼـﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱡﻌﺭﺍﺀ؛ ﺃﻤﺜﺎل ﺠﻭﺘـﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺸـﻴﻠﺭ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺠﺎﻨﻴﻠﻭﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﻲ ﻤﻭﺼـﻭل ﺍﻟﺤﻴـﺎﺓ‬
‫ﻉ ﺸﹶـﻌ ِﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺇﺒﺩﺍ ٍ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﻉ‬
‫ﺃﺤ ‪‬ﺩ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺘﺭﺠﻤﺘﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﺒ‪‬ﹶﻠ ﹶﻎ ﻤﻥ ﹸﺫﻴ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺕ ﺭﻭﻻﻨﺩ ﹶﻨ ﹶﻔ ‪‬ﺭ ﻤﻥ ﹸﻓﺤ‪‬ـﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﻤ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺸﺨﺼــﻴﺎﺕ ﺃﻭﻟﻴﻔــﺭ ﻭﺘﺭﺒــﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩٍ؛ ﻓﺈﻨﻬﺎ ﻤﻥ ﻏﻴﺭ ﺸـﻙ ﹶﺜﻤ‪‬ـﺭﺓ‬
‫ﻭﺒﺭﻨﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒﻭﺭﻴﻴـﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺩﻱ ﻟﻴﻤـﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﺴ ﱠﻜ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻀﺭﻭﺒﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺫﻟﻙ ﺍﻟﻌﻬـﺩ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻨﺎﻀِﺠﺔ ﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻷﻏـﺎﻨﻲ‬
‫ﻭﻴﺴﺘﻁﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﺇﺤﺼﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻜﺜﻴﺭ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺃﺨﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺒﻠﹸﻭﻤﺎﺴﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺒﺄﻨﻪ‬
‫ﺭﻭﻻﻥ؛ ﻻ ﻓﻲ ﺸﹶﻤﺎل ﻓﺭﻨﺴﺎ ﻓﻘـﻁ‪،‬‬
‫"ﺭﻭﺩﻻﻨﺩﻭﺱ" ﺃﻭ "ﺭﻭﺘﻭﻻﻨـﺩﻭﺱ"‬
‫ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺠﻨﻭﺒﻬﺎ ﻭﻓـﻲ ﺇﺴـﺒﺎﻨﻴﺎ‬
‫ﺒﻴﻥ ﺤﺎﺸﻴﺔ ﺍﻹﻤﺒﺭﺍﻁﻭﺭ ﺸﺎﺭﻟﻤﺎﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺇﻴﻁﺎﻟﻴﺎ ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﻭﺭﺩ ﺇﻴﻨﻬﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﺴﻡ "ﺭﻭﻻﻨﺩ ﺤﺎﻤﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎل ﺍﻷﺩﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﺄﺜﱠﺭﺕ ﺒﺄُﻏﻨﻴﺔ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﻭﺒﻭﻟﺸﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒﻭﻴﺎﺭﺩﻭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺭﻴﻭﺴـﺘﻭ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺒ‪‬ﺭﻫﺎﻥ ﻗـﺎﻁِﻊ ﺴـﺠ‪‬ﻠﺘﻪ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﻟﻴﺩ‪ ...‬ﺇﻥ ﺃﻏﻨﻴﺔ ﺭﻭﻻﻨﺩ ﺜﻤﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺹ ﺍﺴــﻤﻪ‬
‫ﻗــﺩ ‪‬ﻭﺠِــ ‪‬ﺩ ﺸﹶــﺨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﻘﺎﺒل ﺍﻟﻤﻼﺤﻡ ﺍﻷﺩﺒﻴﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺼ‪‬ﻭ ِﺭ‬
‫ﻭﺇﻥ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻗﺩ ﺘﻜﺎ ‪‬ﻤﹶﻠ ﹾ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻭﺍﺯ‪ ‬ﹶﻨﺔِ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻭﻗـﺎﺌﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺩﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﻌﺩ ﺃﻥ ﺘﻜﺎ ‪‬ﻤﻠﹶﺕ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻘﺼِـﻴﺩ‪‬ﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺨﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﻨﺎﺤﻴﺔ ﻭﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻷﺤﺩﺍﺙ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﱠﻭﻴﻠﺔ ﻤ‪‬ﺒﺎﺸِﺭ ﻭ ‪‬ﻤ ﱠﺘﺯِﻥ ﻭﺠﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﻭﺨﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﺕ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺼﻴ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺩ ﹾ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﱠﺨ ِ‬
‫ﺨﺭ‪‬ﻑ‪ .‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﺤﻤـﺔ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺯ ﹾ‬
‫ﺃُﻏﻨﻴﺔ ﺭﻭﻻﻥ ﻤﻥ ﻨﺎﺤِﻴﺔ ﺃﺨـﺭﻯ‪.‬‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟﺸﹼﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋﺒ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ ﻋـﻥ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺭ )ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﻀﻤ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺍ ِﺭﺴ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻼﺤـﻡ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﺤﻤـﺔ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺭﻭﻨﺴﻴﻔﻭ‪ .‬ﻭﺃُﺴﻠﹸﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻭ‪‬ﺴﻁﹶﻰ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻷُﻏﹾﻨِﻴﺔﹸ ﺍﻟﺸ‪‬ﻌ‪‬ﺒِﻴ‪‬ﺔ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻑ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻠﹶﻤـــﺎ ‪‬ﺀ‬
‫ﻋﻜﹶـــ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻘـــﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﺩﻭﺩ ﺒﺭﻴﺘﺎﻨﻲ" ﺒﻴﻥ ﻗﺎﺌﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺘﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺱ‬
‫ﺨﺼ‪‬ﺼﻭﻥ ﻓﻲ ﻫـﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺠـﻨ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒِﻘﺔ ﻋﻠﻴﻬـﺎ؛ ﻭﻟـﺫﻟﻙ‬
‫‪FOLK SONG‬‬
‫ﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻭﺴـﻴﻘﹶﻰ‬
‫ﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﱢﻌ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺒ ﹸﺔ ﻟـﻪ ﺍﻟﻠـﺫﺍﻥ ﺘﹸﺭﺩ‪‬ﺩﻫﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺼﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ ﻴﻨﺘﺸـﺭ ﺃﺩﺒﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠ‪‬ﻤﺎﻋ‪‬ﺎ ﹸ‬
‫‪٧٢‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﻭﻴﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻁﱢﺒﺎﻋﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﺫﻫﺏ ﺃﻜﺜـ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﺸﱢـﻌ ‪‬ﺭ ﻭﺍﻷﻏﻨﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﺘﻘﺎ ِﺒ ُ‬
‫ﻉ"‪.‬‬
‫ﻕ "ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻤﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺒﻁﺭﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﺠﻤ‪‬ﺎﻋ‪‬ـﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺍﺭِﺴﻴﻥ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ـﺎﺌﻌﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺭِﺠـ‬
‫ﺸـ‬
‫ـﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﻟ ﹼ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸـ‬
‫)ﻭﻫﻲ ﻤﻥ ﺃﻫل ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻴﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺼل(‬
‫ﻭﻤﻭﺴﻴﻘﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ـﻁﺔ‬
‫ـﻔﻭﻴﺔ ﻻ ﺒﻭﺍﺴـ‬
‫ـﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﺭﻭﺍﻴـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴ ﹶﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﺴﺘﻭﻋﺏ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻭﺴـﻴﻘﹶﻰ‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻷﻓﺭﺍﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺩﺍﺌِﻬﺎ‬
‫ﻭﺘﺩﺭ‪‬ﺏ ﺒﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﻅ‬
‫ﺤﺘِﻔـﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺃﻗﺩ ‪‬ﺭ ﻤﻥ ﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﻻ ‪‬‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺒﻘﺩ ٍﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺜﹼﻘﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﹶﺩﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ـﺎﺩِﺭﺓ‬
‫ﻑ ﻫﺫﻩ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺩ ِﺓ ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻴ‪‬ﺅﻟﱢ ﹸ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺠﺯﺀ‪‬ﺍ ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﺒﺫﻟﻙ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻋﺎ ﹸ‬
‫ﻥ ﺒﻤﺎ ﺘﻘﻭﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺩ ِ‬
‫ﻀلُ ﺴ‪‬ﻜﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﹶﺘ ﹾﻔ ‪‬‬
‫ﺽ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﻤﺎ ﻴ‪‬ﺸﺒ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻭﻟﻴ‪‬ـﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘﻌ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺴﺭﻴﻌﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻨﻤﺎﻁ‬
‫ﺕ ﻭﺘﻘﻠﱡﺒﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻟﺘﻐﻴﺭﺍ ٍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻷﻏﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﺒﻬـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﺤﻠﹶﻘـﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺴﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻤﻥ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﻠﹾﻘﺔ ﺃﺴﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﹶﺜﻘﹶﺎﻓﹶـ ﹶﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺜﱠﻘﺎﻓ ِﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﹸﻘﺎﺒِـ ُ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺩ‪‬ﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ل ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ "ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺏ" ﻜﻤﺎ ﺘﺩ ﱡ‬
‫ﻋﺒ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﺤﺎﻓِﻅ ﹸﺔ ﺠﻤﺎﻋ ٍﺔ ﹶﺘﺼ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺯﺩ‪‬ﻫِ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻷﻏﻨﻴ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻌ ِﺒﻴ‪ ‬ﹸﺔ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﻕ ‪‬ﻭﺠ‪‬ﻭﺩِﻫﺎ ﻋـﻥ ﻭِﺠـﺩﺍ ٍ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺘﹶﺤﻘﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻤﻨﺎﻁﻕ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻴﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺠﻤﻴـﻊ ﺃﻨﺤـﺎﺀ‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﻌﺒِﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ـﺎ ﺍﻟﻐﺭﺒﻴـ‬
‫ـﻲ ﺃﻭﺭﺒـ‬
‫ـﺎﻟﹶﻡ‪ ...‬ﻓـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌـ‬
‫ﻅ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺩﺍﺭِﺴﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻷﻏﻨﻴ ﹶﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ ﻻﺤ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻤﺭﻴﻜﺎ ﻭﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺭﻕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺨﺘﻼﻑ‬
‫ﺨ ﹸﺫ ﻓﻲ ﺍ ﹾﻨﺘِﺸﺎﺭِﻫﺎ ﻁﺭﻴﻘﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒِﻴ ﹶﺔ ﹶﺘﺘﱠ ِ‬
‫‪‬ﺭﺒ‪‬ﻭﻋﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻘﺩ ﻅﻬﺭﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻵﻭِﻨـﺔ‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫ل ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻷﻭ ُ‬
‫‪‬ﻤﺘﹶﻌﺎﺭِﻀﻴﻥ؛ ‪‬ﻴ ﱠﺘ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺨﻴﺭﺓ ﻋِﻨﺎﻴ ﹲﺔ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻠﺤ‪‬ﻭﻅ ﹲﺔ ﺒـﺎﻵﺩﺍﺏ‬
‫ﺠﻤﺎﻋ ﹰﺔ ﻻ ﺘﺘﻌـﺭ‪‬ﺽ ﻟﻤﺜـل ﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺘﻌﺭ‪‬ﺽ ﻟﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺩ ِﻨ ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﺔ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻨـﻭ‪‬ﻉ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻐﺎ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺜﹼﻘﺎﻓﺔ ﻭﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼـﺎﺩ‬
‫ﻓﺈﻥ ﺃﻓـﺭﺍ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟﺠ‪‬ﻤﺎﻋ‪‬ـ ِﺔ ﻴﻌﺭﻓـﻭﻥ‬
‫ـﺎﺓ‬
‫ـﺎﻁ ﺍﻟﺤﻴـ‬
‫ـﻲ ﺃﻨﻤـ‬
‫ـﻬﻤﻭﻥ ﻓـ‬
‫ﻭﻴﺴـ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﻷﻏﺎﻨﻲ؛ ﺫﻟﻙ ﻷﻥ ﹶﻨﺼِـﻴﺏ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔﺭ ِﺩ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺜﱠﻘﺎﻓﺔ ﻴﻜﺎﺩ ﻴ‪‬ﻌﺎﺩِل ﹶﻨﺼِﻴﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻵﺨﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺍﻟﺜﱠﻘﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﺸـﻌﺒﻴﺔ‬
‫ل ﺜﹶﻘﺎﻓ ﹶﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺩﻨﱢﻴﺔ؛ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﻷﻏﻨﻴـ ﹶﺔ‬
‫ﺘﻘﺎ ِﺒ ُ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟ ِﻘﻤ‪‬ـﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻭﻀ‪‬ﻭﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﹶﺘﺭ‪ ‬ﱠﻜﺯ‪ ‬ﺤ‪‬ﻭﻟﹶﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﻅ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻻﺘﱢﺠـﺎ ‪‬ﻩ ﺒﺎﻷﺸـﻜﺎل‬
‫ﺤ ﹶﺘﻔِ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﻴ‪ ‬‬
‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻷﻏﻨﻴ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﺠـﺏ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻷﻟﹾﺤﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﻟ ﹶﻜﻠِﻤﺎﺕِ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺼ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﺭ ﹾ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﻀﺤ‪‬ﺎ ﺃﻨﻪ ﻻ ﻴﻜﺎﺩ ﻴ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﻴﻜﻭﻥ ﻭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻥ ﻤ‪‬ﺭﺤﹶﻠﺔٍ ﺴﺎﺒِﻘﺔ ﻤـﻥ ﻤﺭﺍﺤـل‬
‫ﺤﻀ‪‬ـ ِﺭﻴ‪‬ﺔ‬
‫ﺘﻨﺎﻗﹸﺽ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺜﱠﻘﺎﻓﹶﺔ‪ .‬ﺃﻤﺎ ﺍﻻﺘﱢﺠﺎ ‪‬ﻩ ﺍﻟﺜﹼـﺎﻨﻲ؛ ﻓﻬـﻭ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﺸـﻌﻭﺏ ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺍ ِﺌﻴ‪‬ـﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻷﻤ‪‬ﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻴﺱ ﻫﻨﺎ‬
‫ﺏ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺍ ُ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻐِﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻪ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺩﻴﻨﺔ‬
‫ل ‪‬ﻴ ﱠﺘ ِ‬
‫ﺱ ﺍﻷ ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ﹾﻜ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﺠﺎل ﺍﻟﺘﻌـﺭ‪‬ﺽ ﻷﻏﻨﻴـﺎﺕ ﻫـﺫﻩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﻭﺏ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻷﻏﻨﻴ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒﻴ ﹸﺔ ﻜﻐﻴﺭﻫﺎ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ل ﺒﺎﻟﻜﻠﻤ ِﺔ‬
‫ﺴُ‬
‫ﻉ ﺍﻟﻔﻨﱢﻴ ِﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘﻭ‪ ‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﻨﻭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺵ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﻏﻠﺏ ﺍﻷﻋﻡ؛ ﺇﻨﻤـﺎ ﹶﺘﻌِـﻴ ﹸ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻴﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻴـﻑ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﻴﺘﱠﺠﻪ ﻤﻥ ِﻗ ‪‬ﻤ ِﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﺭ ِﻡ ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ل ﻫـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺴ ﹾﻔﺤِﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺤﻤـ ُ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺍﻻﺘﱢﺠﺎ ‪‬ﻩ ﻓـﻲ ﺃﻋﻁﺎﻓِـ ِﻪ ﺍﻷﺸـﻜﺎ َ‬
‫ﻼ‬
‫ﻥ ﻭﺍﻟ ﹶﻜﻠِﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﹸﺅﻜﱢﺩ ‪‬ﻤ ﹸﺜ ﹰ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻷﻟﺤﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ل ﺒـﻴﻥ ﺍﻷﻓـﺭﺍ ِﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌـﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻭﺘﹶﻨ ﹶﺘ ﱠﻘ ُ‬
‫ل ﺒﻭﺍﺴﻁﺔ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﺍﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻔﻭﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻷﺠﻴﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻅ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺍ ِﺭﺴ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻐﻨﱢـﻴﻥ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ﻻﺤ ﹶ‬
‫ﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﻻ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻷﻏﺎﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺩﺩ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻴﻌﺘﻤﺩﻭﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺩﻭﻴﻥِ؛ ﺤﺘﹼﻰ ﻭﻟـﻭ‬
‫ﻜﺎﻨﻭﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺤﻅ ﺒﻤﻌﺭﻓ ِﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻘِﺭﺍﺀﺓ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ِﻜﺘﺎﺒﺔ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﻷﻏﺎﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌ ِﺒﻴ‪ ‬ﹸﺔ ﺘﹸﻌﻠﱠـﻡ‬
‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻴﺘﹶﺠـﺎﻭﺯ ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻴـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺩﻴﻨـﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﹸﻌﺒ‪‬ﺭ ﻋﻥ ﻭِﺠـﺩﺍﻥ ﺃ ‪‬ﻭﺴ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻊ ﻫـﻭ‬
‫ل ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺕ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﻌﻤ ُ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻭِﺠﺩﺍ ‪‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ـﻭﻥ‬
‫ـﺎﺭِﻑ ﻭﺍﻟ ﹸﻔ ﹸﻨـ‬
‫ـﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌـ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌـ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒِﻴﺔِ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺃﺱ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ﹸﻔﻨﹸﻭ ِ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﻭﻤ‪‬ﺭﺍﺤِل ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻌﻠِﻴﻡ ﻭﺃﻨﻭﺍﻋﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻟـﺫﻟﻙ‬
‫ﺢ ﺍﻟﻜﻴـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺴ ﹾﻔ ِ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻤﻥ ‪‬‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒﻴﺔ؛ ﺇﻨﻤﺎ ﻴﻌﻨﻲ‬
‫ﺫﻟﻙ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺄﺜﹸﻭﺭﺍ ﹸ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﻫﻭ ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﻷﻏﺎﻨﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺭﺩ‪‬ﺩﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺤ‪‬ﻀﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ٍﺓ ﻤﻌﻘﱠﺩﺓ ﹶﺘﺘﹶﺠﺎﻭ‪ ‬ﺯ ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺨﻴ‪‬ﺭ ﺘﹶﺤﺩﻴ ٍﺩ ﻟﻸﻏﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺇﻥ ﹶ‬
‫ﺢ ﺍﻟﻜﻴـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻨﻔﺴﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺇﻤـﺩﺍﺩ ﺴ‪‬ـ ﹾﻔ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻴﻨـﺔ ﻭﺃﻫـل‬
‫ﻁ ﺠﺩﻴـﺩﺓ ﻭﺘﻌﺒﻴـﺭﺍﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻴﻑ ﺒﺄﻨﻤﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻕ‬
‫ﻁﺩِ ‪‬ﻡ ﺒﺎﱠﹼﻟﺫﹸﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺼﹶ‬
‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺜﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤﺎ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫‪٧٣‬‬
‫ﻭﻻﺀﻤﺕ ﺒﻴﻥ ﻤﺎ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻤـﻥ ِﺒﺩ‪‬ﻋـ ٍﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻏﻨﻴ ِﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌ ِﺒ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ ﻭﺘﺤﺩﻴـﺩِﻫﺎ ﻫـﻭ‬
‫ﻅ ﺁﻻﻑ‬
‫ﺤ ﹾﻔ ـ ِ‬
‫ﻥ ِﺒ ِ‬
‫ﺸ ـ ﹸﺘ ِﻬ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ـﻨﹼﺎﺕ ﺍ ﹾ‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ِ‬
‫ﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒﻲ‪‬؛ ﻓﺈﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﺼﺒﺢ‬
‫ﻭﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺫﱠﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻕ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﺍﻴـ ِﺔ‬
‫ﺍ ﹾﻨﺘِﺸﺎﺭ‪‬ﻫﺎ ﻋـﻥ ﻁﺭﻴـ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻏﺎﻨﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻯ ﺍﻟﻁﱢﻭﻴل ﺃﻏﻨﻴ ﹰﺔ ﺸﻌﺒﻴ ﹰﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺸ ﹶﻔﻭِ ‪‬ﻴﺔِ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻷﻏﻨﻴـﺔ ﺍﻟﺸـﻌﺒﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻥ ﺴِﻤﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻲ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻤﺘﺎﺯ ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﺴﺘﻁﻴﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌ ِﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﻥ ﻭﻜﻠﻤﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻥ ﻭﺁﺨ ‪‬ﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺃﻟﺤﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﺒﻴﻥ ﺤﻴ ٍ‬
‫ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ﺎ ﺃﻥ ﹸﻜلﱠ ﻓﺭ ٍﺩ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻋ ِﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬
‫ل ﺒﻁﻭﻟـﻪ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﻐ ﱢﻨﻲ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻴـ َ‬
‫ﺸﺭِﻫﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﺤ ﹾﻔﻅِﻬﺎ ﻭ ﹶﻨ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺫ ‪‬ﻭﻗﹸﻬﺎ ﻴ‪‬ﺴ ِﻬ ‪‬ﻡ ﻓﻲ ِ‬
‫ﻁﺭ‪ ‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﹶﺘﻜﹾﺭﺍﺭِ ﺃﻏﻨﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﺤـﺩﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﻀﹶ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻙ ﻓﻲ ﺃﺩﺍﺌﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻜﺎﺩ‬
‫ﺸ ﹶﺘﺭِ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻜﺜﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤﺎ ﻴ‪ ‬ﹾ‬
‫ﺠﻴ‪‬ﺩ ﹶﺓ ﻟﻬﺎ‬
‫ﻅ ﹶﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌﻨﹶﻰ ﺫﻟﻙ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻓِ ﹶ‬
‫ﻋ ﹾﻠ ٍﻡ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻴﺔ ﺠﻤﻴﻌ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ِ‬
‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ ﺃﻫ ُ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺩﺍﺭ ِﺓ ﺒـﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ـﺅﻫ‪‬ﻼﺕ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﻜﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻨﺘﺸﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻷﻏﺎﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﻭﻴﺤﻔﻅﻭﻨﻬﺎ ﻭﻴ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺩﺩ‪‬ﻭﻨﹶﻬـﺎ ﻓﹸـﺭﺍﺩ‪‬ﻯ‬
‫ﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ـﻥ‬
‫ـﻡ ﻭﻋـ‬
‫ﺼـ‬
‫ـﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻭﺍ ِ‬
‫ـﺩﺭ ﻋـ‬
‫ﺘﺼـ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﻭﺠﻤﺎﻋﺎﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﻜﺎﻨـﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌـﺎ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺭﻏﻡ ﻤﻥ ﺸﻴﻭﻉ ﺍﻷﻏﻨﻴﺔ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﱠﺒﻘﺎﺕ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ﹾﻠﻴ‪‬ـﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋـﻥ ﻭﺴـﺎ ِﺌ ِ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ـﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺕ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻐ ﱢﻨـ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺭ ﹶﻓـ‬
‫ـﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ـﻌ ِﺒﻴ‪ ‬ﹸﺔ ﻗـ‬
‫ﺸـ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻷﻓﺭﺍﺩ ﺠﻤﻴﻌ‪‬ﺎ؛ ﺘﻤﻴﻴﺯ‪‬ﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯﻴﺔ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﺼـ ِﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻀِﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻟ ِﻌ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺭ ﹸﺓ ﺒﻤﺩﻯ ﺍﻻﻨﺘِﺸـﺎ ِﺭ‬
‫ﻥ ﺃَﻭ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺤ ﹶﺘﺭِﻓﻴﻥ؛ ﻓﺈﻨﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺼﺼِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺘﹸﺭﺩ‪ ‬ﺩ ﺍﻷﻏﺎﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴ ﹶﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻜﺜﻴ ٍﺭ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺤِﻔﻅﹰﺎ؛ ﻓﺈﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻀـﺭﺒ‪‬ﺎ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻼﺀ‪‬ﻤ ِﺔ ﺒـﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﻴـﺭ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻘﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶ‬
‫ﺤﻠﹾﻘ ﹰﺔ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻴﻜﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻐِﻨﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻨﺎﺴ‪‬ﺒﺎ ِ‬
‫ـﺎﻨﻲ‬
‫ـﻌﺒﻴﺔ‪ ...‬ﻓﺎﻷﻏـ‬
‫ﺸـ‬
‫ـﺎﻨﻲ ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻏـ‬
‫ﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌ ِﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭِﺠﺩﺍ ِ‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ِﻬ ‪‬ﻤ ﹰﺔ ﻤﻥ ﻤ‪‬ﺭﺍﺴِﻴﻤِﻬﺎ ﺃﻭ ﺸﹶـﻌﺎ ِﺌﺭِﻫﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺼﺎﺤِﺒﺔ ﻷﻟﻌـﺎﺏ ﺍﻷﻁﻔـﺎل ﻻ‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ل ﻓـ‬
‫ـﺎ ﺃﻥ ﹸﻨ ـ ‪‬ﺩﺨِ َ‬
‫ﺠ ـ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﺭ ﺒﻨـ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻴﻜﻔﻲ ﺃﻥ ﻴﻜﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻐﻨﻲ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻐﻨﱡﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺤﺏ‪ ‬ﺘﻜﺎﺩ‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺩﺩ‪‬ﻫﺎ ﺍﻟﻜِﺒﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻏﺎﻨﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻻﻋﺘﺒــﺎ ِﺭ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺜﱠﻘﺎﻓﹶــ ﹶﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﱠــﻌﺒﻴ ﹶﺔ‬
‫ﺤﺴ‪‬ﻨ ِﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻴﺱ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺫﻭﻱ ﺍﻷﺼﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﻬﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻭﺭﺓ؛ ﻷﻥ ﺍﻟﻭﺍ ِﻗ ‪‬ﻊ ﻴﺅﻜﱢـﺩ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻷﺨﻴﺭ ِﺓ ﻟﻸﻓﺭﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ ﻴﺸﺘﻬﺭﻭﻥ‬
‫ﻲ ﺃﻭ ﺨﺎﻟﺹ‪،‬‬
‫ﺱ ﻨﻘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﻡ ‪‬ﻭﺠ‪‬ﻭ ِﺩ ﺠِﻨ ٍ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻉ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﺹ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘﻔﹶـــ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ﺨﺼ‪‬ـــ ِ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ ﻓِﻁﺭﻴﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺸﹶﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﻨﻘﻴ‪‬ـﺔ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ل ﺍﻷﻏﻨﻴـ ِﺔ‬
‫ﻑ ﻓـﻲ ﻤﺠـﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺤﺘﺭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﻓﺈﻨﻬﺎ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻘﺼ‪‬ـﻭﺭ‪‬ﺓ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺠـﺎل‪.‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺨﺎﻟِﺼﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺴﱠﻠ ِﻡ ﺒﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻜـ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒﻴﺔِ؛ ﻓـﺈﻥ ﺍﻟـﺫﺍ ِﻜﺭ‪‬ﺓ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻋِﻴـ ﹶﺔ‬
‫ﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤـﺔ‬
‫ﻅ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﺤ ِ‬
‫ﺤ ﹾﻔ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩِﺭ ﹶﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ِ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺹ ﻓـﻲ ﻤﺠـﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺨﺼ‪ ‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﺘﻭﻗﱠﻑ ﺍﻟﺘﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻏﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻭﺭ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻓﺎﺩ‪‬ﺕ ﻤـﻥ ﻋﻨﺎﺼِـ ‪‬ﺭ ﻭﺍﻓـﺩ ٍﺓ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻌﺩ‪ ‬ﻤ ِﺯ ‪‬ﻴ ﹰﺔ ﺃﻋﻅﻡ ﻤﻥ ﺤ‪‬ﺴ ِ‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﺅﺩ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﻔﹶﺭ ‪‬ﺩ ﻓﻲ ﻤ‪‬ﻨﺎﺴ‪‬ﺒ ٍﺔ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌﻴ‪‬ﻨﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺇﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺏ ﻗﹸﺩﺭ ﹰﺓ‬
‫ﻁﱠﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﻑ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﻅﺭ‪‬ﻭ ٍ‬
‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩﺓ‪ ،‬ﺒﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ ﹸ‬
‫ﻑ ﻭﻋﻨﺩ ﻜﺜﻴ ٍﺭ‬
‫ﻅﺭ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﻜﺜﻴﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﺱ‬
‫ﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺃُﻏﻨﻴ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟﺯ‪‬ﻓﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻁﻭ‪‬ﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﱠﻌﺩِﻴل‪ .‬ﻭﻤﻬﻤﺎ ﻴﻜﻥ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺏ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻠﹶﻤﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻴ‪‬ـ ﹾﺫ ﹸﻜﺭ‪‬ﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺸﻌ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﺤ ﹶﺘﺭِﻓﺎﺕِ‬
‫ﺘﻜﺎﺩ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻨﺤ‪‬ﺼِ ‪‬ﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﱢﺴﺎ ِﺀ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻼ ﻜـﺎﻥ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺃﻤﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺩﺭ‪ ،‬ﺃﺼﻴ ﹰ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤ ِﻊ ﺍﻷﻏﺎﻨِﻲ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ل ﻋﻠﻰ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋِﻨ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﻤ ِ‬
‫ﺱ‬
‫ﺃﻭ ﺃﻗﺎﺭِﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﻭﺴﻴﻥ؛ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺭ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺵ‬
‫ﺕ ﺃﻥ ﹶﺘﻌِﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﻲ‪ .‬ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﺴﺘﻁﺎﻋ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﻓـﻲ ﺘﻤﻴﻴـ ِﺯ‬
‫ﺩﺨﻴﻼﹰ؛ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔ ‪‬ﻴﺼ‪َ ‬‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﺸﻌﻭﺏ ﺍﻟﺒﻠﻁﻴﻕ ﺃﻨﻬﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﹶﻭﺍ ﺒﺴﻴ‪‬ﺩﺍ ٍ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻴﻨ ﹸﺔ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ‬
‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﻔﺴ‪ ‬ﺭ ﻤﺎ ﹸﺘ ﹾﻘ ِﺒ ُ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﻭﻗﻴ ٍﻡ ﺭﻴﻔ ‪‬ﻴﺔٍ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒﻴﻥ ﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻨﺸﹶـ ‪‬ﺭ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹸﻘﺭ‪‬ﻯ ﻤـﻥ ﻤ‪‬ﻭﺴِـﻴﻘﹶﻰ ﻭﺃﻨﺎﺸِـﻴ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﻅ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟﺜﱠﻘﺎﻓـ ِﺔ‬
‫ﺤﱟ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻏﻨﻴﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﺄﻏﺎﻨِﻴﻬﻡ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ‪ ...‬ﺇﻨﻬﻡ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻴﺯ‪‬ﻭﻨﹶﻬﺎ‬
‫ﻥ ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ِﺯ ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬
‫ﺴ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻭ ﹸ‬
‫ﺤﺼ‪‬ﻭﺭ ﹰﺓ ﺒـﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﺒﺎﺏِ‪،‬‬
‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻜﺎﺌﻴﺎﺕ ﻗﻠﱠﻤﺎ ﻴﺘﺨﺼ‪‬ـﺹ ﻓﻴﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻐﻨﱠـﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺠﺎلُ‪ ،‬ﺃﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻼ ِ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺏ ﻭ ‪‬ﺒﻁﹸﻭﻟ ِﺔ ﺍﻷﺒﻁـﺎل؛‬
‫ﺒﺄﻤﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌ ِ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻁ ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ ﺇﻨﻤﺎ ﻨﺸﺄﺕ‬
‫ﻉ ﻭﺍﻷﻨﻤﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻨﻭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺹ ﹶﻓﺭ‪‬ﺽ‪ ‬ﻭﺠ‪‬ـﻭ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﻩ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹶ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﻟِﺼ ﹶﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﻘ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺔ ﺘﻜﺎﺩ ﻻ ﺘﹸﻭﺠ‪‬ـﺩ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﺠِﺏ ﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭ‪‬ﻫـﺎ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻐﻨﱢـﻲ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤِﺭﻓ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔﻨﱢﻴ ِﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﺫﺍ ﻤـﺎ ﻴﻔﺴ‪‬ـﺭ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ـ‪‬‬
‫ـﻬ‪‬ﻭ ِﺭ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻐﻨﱢـ‬
‫ـﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺸﹾـ‬
‫ﻭﻤـ‬
‫‪٧٤‬‬
‫ﺸﻬ‪‬ﻭﺭ‪‬ﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒﺄُﻏﻨﻴ ٍﺔ ﺸﹶﻌ ِﺒ ‪‬ﻴ ٍﺔ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻁﺭِﺏ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻤﻁﺭﺒﺔ ﻭﺠﻤﻬـﻭﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻬﺩِ‪ ،‬ﺘﻘﻭﻡ ﺒﻭﻅﻴﻔ ٍﺔ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻌﻠِﻴﻤِﻴﺔٍ ﹸﺘﻌِﻴﻨـ ‪‬ﻪ‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﺹ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻀ‪‬ﺭ ٍ‬
‫ﺨﺼ‪ ‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﺘﺤﻭ‪‬ل ﺍﻟﺘﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘ ِﻤﻌِﻴﻥ؛ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻴﺔ ﻻ ﺘﻌـﺭﻑ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺒ ِﻭ ﺇﻟﻰ‬
‫ل ﻤﻥ ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺤ ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﻑ ﻻ ﻟﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺯ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺤﺘِﺭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻻ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺫﹼﺍﻜِﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺠﻴ‪‬ﺩﺓ(‬
‫ﺤ‪‬‬
‫)ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻭﺕ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ﺩﻭﺩ ﻤ‪‬ﻁﻠﻘﹰـﺎ ﺤﺘﱠـﻰ ﺒـﻴﻥ‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ـﻴﻥ ﻓـ‬
‫ﺨﺼ‪‬ﺼـ‬
‫ـﺭﻓﻴﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺸﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺴﺎﻋِﺩﻩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺘﹶﻌﻠﱡﻡ ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩ ِﺩ‬
‫ﻓﺤﺴﺏ؛ ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﻷﻥ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻨﺎﺴ‪‬ﺒ ﹶﺔ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻏﺎﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺸﺠ‪ ‬ﻌ ‪‬ﻪ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺘﻨـﺎ ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺒﺎﺡ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹸﺘ ﹶ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﻉ ﺃﻫﻠﹶﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺃﻭﺭﺒﺎ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺭﻗﻴﺔ ﺘﹸـﻭ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻤ َﺅﱢﻟﻑِ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﻭﻭﺍﻀِـ ِﻊ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﺤـﻥ‬
‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‪-‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺠﺎﻨﺏ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﺩ ِﺓ ﺍﻟﻁﱢﻔل ﻓـﻲ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺼﺼ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﻫﻤﻴ ِﺔ ﺒﺤﻴﺙ ﺘﺴﺘﻠﺯﻡ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘ ﹶ‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻔ ‪‬ﺭﻏﹰﺎ‪ ،‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺠﺎﻨِﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﻬﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ ﺃﺼﺎ ِﺒﻌِﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﹸﻭ ِﻗﻅﹸـ ‪‬ﻪ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﻁﻭﻉ ﺒﻪ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨِـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﺘِـﺯﺍ ِﻡ‬
‫ﺤﺜﱡ ‪‬ﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﱠﻌﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﻏﻨﻴ ِﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ ﺃﻗﻭﻯ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻭﻅﻴﻔ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔﻀِﻴﻠﹶﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﻋﻅﻡ ﻤﻨﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﻏﻨﻴـﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴ‪‬ـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻥ ﺃﻫﻡ ﺍﻟﻅﱠﻭﺍ ِﻫ ِﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻻﺤﻅﹶﻬﺎ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﻁﺎﺌِﻔ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﺭﻓﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻅﻬﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻠﻘِـﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺩﻭﺭ ﹶﺓ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎﺓ ﻋﻨﺩ ﹸﻜلﱢ ﺇﻨﺴﺎﻥ ﻻﺒﺩ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﻭ ِﺭ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﺤﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﻜﺜﻴﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋ ِﺔ ﻤﻌ‪‬ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻍ ﻭﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ﺭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌ ﹶﺘ ِﻤ ‪‬ﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ﺤﺒ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﺍﻷُﻏﻨﻴ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒﻴﺔ‪ ...‬ﺇﻨﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺘﹸﺼﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺘﹶﻀ ‪‬ﻤﻨﹶﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﱢﻌﺭ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺃﻏـﺎﻨﻲ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘﺠ‪‬ـﻭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺤ ﹶﺘ ِﺭﻓﹸﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﺄﺨﺫ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺘﺴﺘﻘﺒل ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻭﻟﹸﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴـ ‪‬ﺩ‪ ...‬ﺇﻨﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺏ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﺨﺘﻼﻓِﻬـﺎ؛ ﻓـﺈﻥ‬
‫ﺸﻌ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﻑ ﻭﻗﺩ‬
‫ﻕ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻁِ‬
‫ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻘﺭ‪‬ﻯ ﻓﻲ ﻤ‪‬ﻨﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻁﻔﹸﻭﻟﹶﺔ‪ ...‬ﺇﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﺤﺘﻔل ﺒﺤﻔﻅ‬
‫ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﺩ ِﻫ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﻲ‪ ...‬ﺇﻨﻬـﺎ ﺘﹸﺴـﺎﻴﺭ‬
‫ﻉ ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱠﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺏ ﺃَﻟﻌـﺎﺏ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻲ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ ﺘﹸﺼـﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻏﺎﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﻭﺘﻜﺎﺩ ﹶﺘﺘﹶﻁﺎﺒ‪‬ﻕ ﺒﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻁﻔﺎل ﹶﺘﺘﹶﻤﺎ ﹶﺜ ُ‬
‫ﺫﻟﻙ ﺸﺎﺭ ﹰﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍ ‪‬ﻤﺘِﻴﺎ ِﺯﻫِﻡ ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻔ ‪‬ﻭﻗِﻬﻡ‪،‬‬
‫ل ﻤﺴﺎﻴﺭ ﹰﺓ ﺩ‪‬ﻗﻴﻘ ﹰﺔ‪ ...‬ﺇﻨﻬﺎ ﺠـﺯﺀ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﻤ‪َ ‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻨﺤـﻥ‬
‫ﺸﻌ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺃﻁﻔﺎل ﺍﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺏ ﺴ‪‬ـﻜﹼﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁﻠﹸ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ﻴﺤﺩﺙ ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﻜﺱ ﹶﻓ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ـﻴﻡ‬
‫ـﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﺴــ‬
‫ﻻ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺘﺠ‪‬ـ ـﺯ‪‬ﺃ ﻤــ‬
‫ﻨﺠﺩ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺭﻕ ﺃﻟﺤﺎﻨﹰﺎ ﹶﺘﺘﹶﺭﺩ‪‬ﺩ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺤ ﹶﺘ ِﺭﻓﹰﺎ ﺃﻭ ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋـ ﹰﺔ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹸﻘﺭ‪‬ﻯ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‪ ...‬ﺇﻨﻬـﺎ ﺘﹸﻌﺒ‪‬ـﺭ ﻋـﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺴﻁ ﺃﻭﺭﺒﺎ ﻭﺠﻨﻭﺒﻬﺎ ﻭﻏﺭﺒﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﺭﻓﻴﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻴﻨـﺔ ﻹﺤﻴـﺎﺀ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻐﻴ‪‬ﺭ ﻓﻲ ﻅﻭﺍﻫﺭ ﺍﻟﻁﱠﺒﻴﻌﺔ‪ ...‬ﺇﻨﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺍﻋِﻴﻥ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻔﺎل‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻤﺎ ﻟﺤﺎﺠﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺨﻴﺭ‪ ...‬ﺇﻨﻬﺎ ﻻ ﺘﻘـﻭﻡ ﺒﻭﻅﻴﻔـ ٍﺔ‬
‫ﻲ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺠﺩِﻴﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌ ِﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﱠﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﺠﻤ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﺘﺴﺘﺠﻴﺏ ِﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻘ ﹶﺘﻀ‪‬ـﻴﺎ ِ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺘﻔﺭﻀﻬﺎ ﺘﻠﻙ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﺴﺒﺎﺕ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﻴﺘﺭﺩ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﻏﺎﻨﻲ‪ ...‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﻫﻨﺎ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺯ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻌﻘﱠﺩﺓ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺼـﻘﹸﻭﻟﹶﺔ؛ ﺫﻟـﻙ ﻷﻥ‬
‫ﻥ ﻟﻸﻏﻨﻴ ِﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌ ِﺒ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻤﺎﺜﹸل‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺍ ِﺭﺴ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻴﺘﺠﺎ ‪‬ﻭﺯ‪‬ﻭﻨﹶﻬﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺩِﻴﻨﺔِ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻜـﻭﻥ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﻤﻨﺎﺴﺒﺔ ﻤ‪‬ﻌﻴ‪‬ﻨﺔ؛ ﺇﻤﺎ ﻹﻅﻬﺎ ِﺭ ﻤﻜﺎﻨـﺔ‬
‫ﻲ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪‬ﻤﻘﹶـﺭ‪‬ﻩ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺘﹸﻭﺩ‪‬ﻉ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺌ ‪‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﻑ ﻓـﻲ ﻜﹸـ ﱢ‬
‫ﻭﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻷﻏﺎﻨﻲ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘَﺄﱠﻟ ﹸ‬
‫ﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺠﺯﺍﺀ ﻤﻨﻘﻭﻟﺔ ﻋﻥ ﺃﻏﺎﻨﻲ‬
‫ﻤﻜﺎ ٍ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜِﺒﺎﺭ ﻭﻓِﻌـﺎﻟِﻬﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻤﺜِﻴـ ِ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺼﺎﻤِﺕ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌ ﹶﺘﻤِﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﺸـﺎﺭﺓ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻷﻤ ِﺜﹶﻠ ﹸﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺫﻟﻙ ﻜﺜﻴﺭﺓ؛ ﺃﻏﺎﻨﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻌﺒﻴ ِﺭ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔﻨﱢـﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻬـﺎ ﺘـﻨﻬﺽ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻥ ﺒﻘﺎﻴـﺎ ﺃﺴـﺎﻁِﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﻭﺤِﻜﺎﻴـﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻋﺭﺍﺱ‪ ....‬ﺍﻷﻏﺎﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻴﻨﻴﺔ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻴ ِﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﻭﻅﺎﺌﻑ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﻋﻥ ‪‬ﻭﻅِﻴ ﹶﻔﺘِﻬﺎ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﹶﺘﺤ‪ ‬ﻭﹶﻟ ﹾ‬
‫ﻕ‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻐ ِﺭ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻴﺎﺀ‪ ...‬ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺴﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺘﺭﺴﻴﺏ ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺴﺠﻴل ﺍﻟﺘﹼﺎﺭﻴﺦ‪،‬‬
‫ﻁ ِﻔ ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘﺸِ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻷﻏﺎﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋﺩﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻴﺎﻟﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺤﺘـﺎﺝ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤﻌِﻲ ﹶﻗ ‪‬ﺒِﻠﻴ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ ﻟﻠﻭِﺠﺩﺍﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ل ﺒﻴﻥ ﺸﹶـﺒﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺤﺏ‪ ‬ﻭﺍﻟ ﹶﻐﺯ‪َ ‬‬
‫ﺱ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻌ ِﻜ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻹﻨﺸﺎﺩ ﻭﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻨﻭ‪‬ﻉ ﻓﻲ ﻭﻗﺕ ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‪...‬‬
‫ﻜﺎﻥ ﺃﻭ ﻗﹶﻭﻤﻴ‪‬ﺎ‪ ...‬ﻭﻟﻴﺱ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻁ‬
‫ﺴﺭِﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺜﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤـﺎ ﺘﹸـ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺒ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﺒَﺄ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺒـﻴﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻴﻨ ﹸﺔ ﻗﺩ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺯ ﹾ‬
‫ل ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﻅﻴﻔ ِﺔ ﺍﻷُﻏﻨﻴـﺔ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻤِﺜﺎ ٍ‬
‫ِﺒُﺄ ‪‬ﻤﺴِﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﱢﺘﺎ ِﺀ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺒﻴﻊ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺜﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻴﻨﻴ‪‬ــﺔ ﻭﻤﻭﺍﻟــﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻨﺎﺴ‪‬ــﺒﺎ ِ‬
‫ل ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻤ‪‬ـ ِ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺠﺎﻨ ِ‬
‫ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻭﻅﻴﻔﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺩﺓ‪.‬‬
‫‪٧٥‬‬
‫ﻤِﺜل ﺍﻟﻐﹶـﺯ‪‬ل ﻭﺍﻟﻨﱠﺴـﻴﺞ ﺍﻟﻴـﺩﻭﻴ‪‬ﻴﻥ‬
‫ﻁﻠﹶﻕ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﺴﻡ ﺃﻏﺎﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻘـﻭِﻴﻡ؛‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ﻴﺅﺩ‪‬ﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻵﻥ ﺍﻷﻓﺭﺍ ‪‬ﺩ ﻟﻤﺠﺭ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺴﻠﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻁﺤ‪‬ﻥ ﺍﻟﻐِـﻼل‪ ،‬ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫـﺎ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻭﹶ‬
‫ﺦ‬
‫ﺕ ﻟﻬﺎ ﺘﹶﻭﺍﺭِﻴ ﹲ‬
‫ﻁ ﺒﻤ‪‬ﻨﺎﺴ‪‬ﺒﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻷﻨﻬﺎ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭ ﹶﺘﺒِ ﹸ‬
‫ل ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺃﻨﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﹶﺭﻓﻴﻪ؛ ﻤﻤﺎ ﻴ‪‬ـﺩ ﱡ‬
‫ﺤﺒ‪‬ﻭﺏ‪ ...‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﺃﺸﻬﺭ ﺍﻷﻏـﺎﻨﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌﻴ‪‬ﻨﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻘﻭﻴﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﺭﺘﺒﻁﺕ ﺒﻬﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻭﻅﻴﻔـﺔ ﻭﺤـﺩﻫﺎ‪،‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺯﻟـﻲ‪‬؛‬
‫ﻤﺎ ﺘﺼﺤﺏ ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﻤ‪َ ‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﻴﻤﻜـﻥ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺃﻏﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌ ِﺒﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬
‫ﻭﻤﺎ ﺃﻜﺜ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻷﻏﺎ ِﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﻑ ﺍﻹﻴﻘـﺎﻉ‬
‫ﻑ ﺒـﺎﺨﺘِﻼ ِ‬
‫ﺨ ﹶﺘﻠِ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻲ ﹶﺘ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻔ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻴﻨﻴ ﹸﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻤﻌﻅـﻡ ﺃﻨﺤـﺎﺀ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻴ ِﻭﻴ‪‬ـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺤﻴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓﻘﺩﺕ ﻭﻅﺎﺌﻔﻬﺎ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ؛ ﻜﺎﻷﻏﺎﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼ‪‬ﺔ ﺒﺸـﻬﺭ‬
‫ﺠﺘِﻤﺎﻋﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻘﺩِﻴﻤﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻻ ‪‬‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﻁ ﺒﺎﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻤ‪‬ل‪...‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ ﺘﻠﻙ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭ ﹶﺘﺒِ ﹸ‬
‫ﺏ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻫـﺫﻩ ﺍﻷﻏـﺎﻨﻲ‬
‫ﻭﻴ‪‬ﻐِﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺹ ﻓـﻲ ﻤﻌﻅـ ِﻡ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟـﺭ‪‬ﻗ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺒ ِ‬
‫ﻭﺼﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻤ‪‬ل‪ ...‬ﻫﻨـﺎﻙ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺭﻜﹶﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺹ ﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﺼ‪‬ﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻏﺎﻨﻲ‬
‫ﺃﻏﺎﻨﻲ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻐﺭ‪‬ﺱ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒِﻨﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻏﺎﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﹼﺎﺩ‪‬ﻭﻑ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻏﺎﻨﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻴﺎ ِﺩِﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻐﹶﻭﺹ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﺒﺤـﺭ‬
‫ﺞ ﻭﺒﺎﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻭِﻟ ِﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺒﻭﻱ‪،‬‬
‫ﺤ‪‬‬
‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ ﻭﺒﺎﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻷﻏﻨﻴ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒِﻴ ﹸﺔ ﻻ ﻴﻤﻜـﻥ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﺴﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻴﻨﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺱ ﺍﻟﺸﱢﻌ ِﺭ ﻭﺤـﺩﻩ‪،‬‬
‫ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﺩﺭ‪‬ﺱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺴﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼ‪‬ﺔ ﺒﻌﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﻼﺩ ﻭﺭﺃﺱ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻨﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﻘﻭﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻭﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻭﺴـﻴﻘﹶﻰ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻴﺱ ﻤﻥ ﺸﻙ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻥ "ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺩِﻴـ ‪‬ﺩ"‬
‫ﺢ ﻋﻨـﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺴـﻴﺤﻴﻴﻥ‪،‬‬
‫ﺼِ‬
‫ﻭﻋﻴﺩ ﺍﻟ ِﻔ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻭﺍ ‪‬ﺯﻨﹶﺔ ﺒﻴﻥ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺍ ِﺭﺴ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ ﺤﺎﻭ‪َ ‬‬
‫ﺼ ٍﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺒﻌـﺽ‬
‫ﺤ ﹾﻠﻘﹶﺔ ﹶﻜﺒِﻴﺭﺓ ‪-‬ﻭﺒﺨﺎ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ل ﺒﺄﻭ‪‬ل ﻤﺎﻴﻭ ﻓﻲ ﻜﺜﻴ ٍﺭ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺒﺎﻻﺤﺘﻔﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻋﺎﻤﺘﻴﻥ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻭﺴﻴﻘﻰ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻷﻏـﺎﻨﻲ‬
‫ﺤﻠﹶﻘـﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻗﻁﺎﺭ‪ -‬ﻤﻥ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻨﺤﺎ ِﺀ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻨﻪ ﻋﻴﺩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻤ‪‬ﺎل؛‬
‫ﻁ ‪‬ﻭ ِﺭ‬
‫ﻻﺭﺘﺒﺎﻁِﻪ ﺒﻤ‪ ‬ﻌﹶﻠﻡٍ ﻤﻥ ﻤ‪‬ﻌﺎِﻟ ِﻡ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺙ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻘ ‪‬ﺩﺭ‪‬ﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺙ ﺍﻟ ِﻘﺩ‪‬ﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﺤ‪‬ﻴ ﹸ‬
‫ﺤ‪‬ﻴ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻤﺭﺍﺭ ﻭﻤﺩﻯ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻐﻴ‪‬ـ ِﺭ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻴﺔ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺭَﺃ ﹶﺓ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻴﻔ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺔ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﺭﺩ‪ ‬ﺩ ﻫﺫﺍ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻤ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜـﺎﻥ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺤﻜﹾـﻡ؛ ﻓـﺈﻥ‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﻠﺤﻘﹸﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﻜـﺎﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﻨﻔﺴـﻬﺎ‪..‬‬
‫ﺨﻠﹶـ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺩِﻴ ‪‬ﺩ ﺇﺫﺍ ﹶ‬
‫ل ﺒﻌﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺒﻴﻊ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺼل ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻔﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺤ ِﻔ ‪‬ﺭ ﻟﻪ ﻤﻜﺎﻨﹰـﺎ‬
‫ﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻼﺤ‪‬ﻅ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﺤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﺎﻟﺒ‪‬ﻜﺎﺌﻴﺎﺕ ﻟﻴﺴﺕ ﻤ‪‬ﺠﺭ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﺴـﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬
‫ﺸﻌ‪‬ﻭﺏ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺒﻴﺔ‪ ...‬ﻭﻤﻥ‬
‫ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺫﹼﺍ ِﻜ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺓ ﻜﺎﻟﺸﱢﻌﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ل ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻨﺎﺴﺒﺔ ﻭ‪‬ﻓﺎﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻬﺎ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﻤ ُ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻋﻴﺎ ِﺩ ﺍﻟﻁﱠﺒﻴﻌ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺼﺭ "ﺸـﻡ‬
‫ل ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺕ ﻨﻔﺴﻪ‬
‫ﺴﺠ‪ُ ‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ﺯﻥِ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﹸﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺒﻴﻊ‪.‬‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ـﺎﻨﻲ‬
‫ـﻼﻤﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺎﻷﻏـ‬
‫ـﺎﹶﻟﻡِ ﺍﻹﺴـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌـ‬
‫ﺒل ﻻﺒﺩ ﻤﻥ ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻋﺎﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻻﺴﺘﺨﺭﺍﺝ ﺍﻟﻠﺅﻟﺅ‪ ...‬ﺇﻟﺦ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒﻠﹶﻎ ﻤﻥ ﻋﻤﻕ ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭﻩ ﻓﻲ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﺸﻌ‪‬ﻭﺭ ﺒﺎﻟ ﹶﻜﺒ‪‬ـ ِ‬
‫ﺸﺤ‪‬ﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟ ﹸ‬
‫ﺘﹶﻔﺭِﻴ ِﻎ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﻴﻡ "؛ ﻭﻫﻭ ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ﺎ ﻤـﻥ ﺃﻋﻴـﺎ ِﺩ‬
‫ـﻔﺔ‬
‫ـﻌﺒِﻴﺔ ﺒﺼـ‬
‫ﺸـ‬
‫ـﻴﻘﻰ ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻭﺴـ‬
‫ﻋﺎﻤﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻠﱠﺤـﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻌﺒِﻲ ﺒﺼـﻔﺔ‬
‫ﺨﺎﺼ‪‬ﺔ ‪‬ﻴﺘﱠﺴـ ‪‬ﻡ ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ـﺎ ﺒﺎﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺭ‪‬ﻭﻨﹶـﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ل ﺘﺒﻌ‪‬ﺎ ﻟﻁﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﻟـﺫﹼﺍﻜِﺭﺓ ﻋﻨـﺩ‬
‫ﻭﻴ‪‬ﺘﻌ ‪‬ﺩ ُ‬
‫ﻲ ﺘﺼـﻌﻴﺩ ﺍﻷﻓـﺭﺍﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤ ‪‬ﻊ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻴﻔ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻠﹶﻤﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺘﻘﹶـﻰ ﺭﺍﻓِـﺩ‪‬ﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺝ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒِﻲ ﺍﻟﻌـﺎﻡ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻐﻨﱢﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭِﻟ ﹾﻠﻤِﺯﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﺫﻫﺏ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﻴﻥ‬
‫ﻋﻴ‪‬ﺔ‬
‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭﻴﻥ‪ :‬ﺍﻷﻭ‪‬ل ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﻴﻘﺎ ِ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺴﻴﻁﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻴ‪‬ﻐﻠِﺏ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻷَﺼـ ُ‬
‫ل ﻤﻥ ﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺒﻴﺌﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻠﺘﱠﺤ ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺽ‬
‫ﺠِﻴل ﺇﻟﻰ ﺠﻴل‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺜﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤﺎ ﻓﹶـ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫*ﺇﻴﺯﻴﺱ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻬﻭﺭﺓ ﻗﺩ ﺃﺜﺭﺕ ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﻘﱠﺴﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺭﻗﹶﺼﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻠﱠﺤﻥ ﻭﺠ‪‬ﻭﺩ‪‬ﻩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻭﺴﻴﻘﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻻ ﻴﺯﺍل ﻤﻠﺤﻭﻅﹰـﺎ ﻓـﻲ ﺒ‪‬ﻜﺎ ِﺌﻴ‪‬ـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌﻘﱠﺩﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺤﺩ ﻤﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺃﺜﻤﺭﺘﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻌﻘﱠﺩﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﺘﹸﺴﺘﹶﻌﺎ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﺼﻌِﻴ ِﺩ ﻤﺼﺭ‪.‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ﻴﺎ ﹸﺓ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺩ ِﻨ ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﱠﺴﻠﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﱠﺭﻓﻴﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺕ ﻜﹸﻠﻬﺎ ﺃﻭ ﺒ‪‬ﻌﻀ‪‬ﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻻﺒﺩ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻜﻠِﻤﺎ ﹸ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻵﺜﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻴﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺒﻜﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻴﺭﻴـﺩ‬
‫ﺝ ﻭﺍﻟ ِﻘ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻡ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹸﺜ َ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱠﻤﺎ ِﺫ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻤﺎ ﺃﻏﺎﻨﻲ ﺍﻟـﺭ‪‬ﻗﺹ؛ ﻓﻴـﺫﻫﺏ‬
‫ـﺫﻱ‬
‫ـﺎﺭ ﺍﻟـ‬
‫ـﻴﻥ ﺍﻻﻨﺘﺸـ‬
‫ـﻕ ﺒـ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘﻔﺭِﻴـ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫‪٧٦‬‬
‫ﺏ ﻓِﻁﺭِﻴـﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻴﺘﻌﺭ‪‬ﺽ ﻟﻠﺘﱠﻐﻴﻴﺭ ﻷﺴﺒﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﺢ ﺒـﺎﺏ‬
‫ﻓﺎﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﻬﺎ ﻭ ﹶﻨﺠ‪‬ﺢ‪ ‬ﻓﻲ ﻓﹶـ ﹾﺘ ِ‬
‫ﺴﻤ‪‬ﺴﻡ" ﻋ‪‬ﻨﻭﺍﻨﹰﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻭﻅﻴﻔـﺔ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﻭﺒــﻴﻥ ﺍﻻﺴــﺘﻌﺎﺭﺓِ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻷﺨــﺫِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻜ ﹾﻨﺯِ‪.‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﱠﻠُﻐﻭﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺸِﺒﻪ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭِﻗﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﱠﺭﺍﻜِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻏﻨﻴ ﹶﺔ ﻤـﻥ ﺸﹶـﻌ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻴﺘﹶﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺜﹼـﺎﻨﻲ‬
‫ل ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺸﺎ ِﻫ ِﺩ ﻭﺍﻷﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻌﺩِﻴ ٍ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺝ‬
‫ل ﻻ ‪‬ﻴﺨﹾــ ِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻌﻤ‪‬ــﺩ‪ ...‬ﻓــﺎﻷ ‪‬ﻭ ُ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ ﹸﻨ ِﻘﻠﹶﺕ ﻫـﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴـﺔ ﻤـﻊ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻌﺎﺭ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘﺸِـﺭ‪،‬‬
‫ﻟﻬﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﺤ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻴﻐ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﺤﺭﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻓـﻲ ﺒﻌـﺽ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺢ‬
‫ﻴﺴﺘﻠﻬﻤﻬﺎ ﺃﻭ ﻴﺴﺘﻐﻠﱡﻬﺎ؛ ﻓـﺈﺫﺍ ُﺃﺘِـﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﻜﺜﻴـﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﺘﺤ‪ ‬ﻭﻟﹶـﺕ‬
‫ﺸﻌ‪‬ﻭ ٍ‬
‫ﺁﺩﺍﺏ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻥ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﻩ ﺠ‪‬ﻤﺎﻫِﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺏ؛ ﻓﺈﻨـﻪ‬
‫ﺭﺒﻤﺎ ﻴﻜﺘﺴﺏ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻔ ﹶﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒِﻴ ﹶﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ‬
‫ﺘﻌﻴﺵ ﺍﻷﻏﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻤﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺠﺎﻨِـﺏ‬
‫‪APHRODITE‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ـﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﺠ‪‬ﻤــ‬
‫‪‬ﺭﺒ‪‬ـ ـ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ـ ـ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﺍﻟ ِﻔﺘﹾﻨ ِﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﺤ ِﺭ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻹﺨﺼﺎﺏِ‪ ،‬ﻤِﺜﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺤﺠ‪‬ﺭ"‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ "ﺍﻓﺘﺢ ﻴﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤ‪ ‬ﺭَﺃﺓِ‪ .‬ﻭ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻌﺩ‪ ‬ﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﹰـﺎ ﺤﺎﻤﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺘﺼﺤﺏ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻴﻐﺔ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺤ ِﺭﻴ‪ ‬ﹸﺔ ﺃﺩﺍﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﺤ‪‬ﺎﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﺭﺍﻋِﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺤﺎﺭِﺒﻴﻥ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺴِﺤﺭِﻴﺔ ﻤﺜل ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﺼﺎ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺒﻌﺽ‬
‫ﻉ ﺨﺎﺹ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﺒﺩﻭ ﺃﻨﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﺒﺭ‪‬ﻁﺔ ﺒﻨﻭ ٍ‬
‫ﺃ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺒﺎﺘﺎﺕ ُﺃﺴ‪‬ـ ِﺒﻐﹶﺕ ﻋﻠﻴﻬـﺎ ﺍﻟﻘﹸـ ‪‬ﻭ ﹸﺓ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ل ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺼُ‬
‫ﺤﺩ‪‬ﺜﹶﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟ ﹶﻔ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﻏﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﹶﻓﹾﺮ‪‬ﻭﺩِﻳﺖ‬
‫ﻑ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺒ‪‬ﻘﺎ ِﺀ ﺇﺤﺩﺍﻫﻤﺎ؛ ﺇﻨﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻭﻗﱠـ ﹸ‬
‫ﺢ‬
‫ﺢ ﻟﻬـﺎ ﻓﹶـ ﹾﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺤ ِﺭﻴ‪ ‬ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ ﺘﹸﺘِـﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻲ ﻟﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌ ِﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﻗﺒﻭل ﺍﻟﻭِﺠﺩﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻷَﺒﻭﺍﺏِ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻭﺼﻭل ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻜﻨﹾـ ِﺯ‬
‫ﺍﻓﹾﺘ‪‬ﺢ‪ ‬ﻳﺎ ﺳِﻤ‪‬ﺴِﻢ‬
‫‪OPEN SESAME‬‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﺢ ﺒﻬﺎ ﺍﻷﺒﻭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼِﻴ ﹶﻐ ﹲﺔ ﺴِﺤﺭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹲﺔ ﺘﹸ ﹾﻔ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻕ ﻟﻬـﺎ ﺍﻷَﺸـﺠ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﺸﱡ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ﹸﻜﻬ‪‬ﻭﻑ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻨ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻴﻐﺔ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭﺩ‪‬ﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻬﻭﺭﺓ "ﻋﻠـﻲ ﺒﺎﺒـﺎ"؛‬
‫ﻭﻫﻲ ﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺔ ﺃﻀﻴﻔﹶﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ "ﺃﻟﻑ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ‬
‫ﻑ ﻋﻠـﻲ ﺒﺎﺒـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺔ ﻫﻭ ﺍﻜﺘِﺸﺎ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻨﺸﹸﻭﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﺢ ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﻨﺘﻘﻠﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺠ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺒﻭﺍﺏ‪ .‬ﻭ ﹸﺘﻌ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩ ﻫـﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ـﻴ ﹶﻐ ﹸﺔ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻴﺎﻟﻲ ﺸﺎ ِﻫﺩ‪‬ﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺄﺨﻭﺫﺓ ﻤﻥ ﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ﹾﻠ ِﻡ ﺍﻟﻠﱡﻐﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺭﺌﻴﺴﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﻲ ِ‬
‫ﺴﺤﺭﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺍﻷﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭﻴ‪‬ﺔ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻷﺼ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺍُ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﻠﱡﻐ ِﺔ ﻭﺘﺭﺍﻜِﻴﺒﻬـﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﺒﻌﺽ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻔ ‪‬ﺭﺩ‪‬ﺍ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻫــﻲ ﻤ‪‬ﻼﺤ‪‬ﻅــﺎﺕ ﺨﺭﺠــﺕ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﺩ‪‬ﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﻭﻴﺔ ﻋـﻥ ‪‬ﻤﺠ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺩ‬
‫ـﺭﻕ‬
‫ﺸـ‬
‫ـﻰ ﺍﻟ ﹼ‬
‫ـﺭﺹ‪ ،‬ﻤ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻘـ‬
‫ـﻥ ﻗﺒـ‬
‫ﻤـ‬
‫ﺽ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﻐﺭﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﺴﺘﻭﻋﺒﺕ ﺒﻌـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﻼﻤﺢ ﺁﻟﻬﺔ ﻤﺎ ﻗﺒل ﺍﻟﻬﻴﻠﻴﻨﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺽ ﻤﻼﻤﺢ ﺁﻟﻬﺔ ﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﺴﺘﻭﻋﺒﺕ ﺒﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﻗﺒل ﺍﻟﻬﻴﻠﻴﻨﻴـﺔ‪ .‬ﺃﻤـﺎ ﻓـﻲ ﺭﻭﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﻴ ِﻎ‬
‫ﺕ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱠﻅ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺓ ﺍﻟﻭﺍ ِﻗ ِﻌﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻟﻠﻌﺒﺎﺭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺃﺼﺤﺎﺒ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻐ ﹶﺔ ﻟﻴﺴﺕ ﻟﻤﺠـﺭﺩ‬
‫ﻕ ﻤـﻥ ﺫﻟـﻙ؛‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﻤ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻓﺎﺩﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻬﺎ َﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﺢ ﻴـﺎ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻥ ﹶﺜ ‪‬ﻡ ﺃﺼﺒﺤﺕ ﻋِﺒﺎﺭﺓ "ﺍ ﹾﻓ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻤﺔ؛ ﻓﻘـﺩ ﻜﺎﻨـﺕ ﺃﻓﺭﻭﺩﻴـﺕ‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﻑ * ﭭﻴﻨـﻭﺱ ﺭﺒ‪‬ـﺔ ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺘﹸﺭﺍ ِﺩ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠ‪‬ﻤﺎ ِ‬
‫ل‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭﻭ‪‬ﺕ ﺍﻟـ *ﺇﻟﻴـﺎﺫﺓ ﺃﻥ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻲ ﺒﺎﺒﺎ ﻤﻥ ﻜﺒﻴـﺭﻫ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ـﻴﻐﺔ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻹﻟﻬﺔ *ﺃﻨﺎﻫﻴﺘﺎ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺱ‪.‬‬
‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻟﻪ ﻭﺤﺩﻩ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻘﻭ‪ ‬ﹸﺓ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺤ ِﺭﻴ‪ ‬ﹸﺔ ﻟِ ﹶﻔ ﹾﺘﺢِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻠﱡﻐﻭﻴ‪‬ﺔ؛ ﻭﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﻅﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻗﹶـ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻜﻬ‪‬ﻑ؛ ﻭﻫﻲ‪" :‬ﺍﻓﺘﺢ ﻴﺎ ﺴﻤﺴـﻡ"؛‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻤﺎﺀ "ﻋﺸﺘﺭﻭﺕ" ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﺎﻤﻴﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻤﺴِﻡ" ﻫـﻭ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬
‫ﺍﺴﻡ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺒﺎﺕ "ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨﻔِﻲ ﻓﻴـﻪ ﻋﺼ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺒ ﹲﺔ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻟِ ﹶﻜ ‪‬ﻬﻑٍ ﹸﺘ ﹾ‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﺢ ﺒﻬـﺎ ﺒـﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺤﺭﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ‪‬ﻴﻔﹾـ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻑ ﺇﻟﻬـﺔ‬
‫ﺃﻭﺭﺍﻨﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺼﺒﺤﺕ ﺘﹸﺭﺍ ِﺩ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﻴﺫﻫﺏ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺍﺭﺴﻴﻥ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻁ ِﻘﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺩﺍﺌِـﺭ ِﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻌﻠِﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻨ ِ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻤ ‪‬ﻊ‬
‫ﺹ ﹸﻜﻨﹸﻭﺯ‪‬ﻫﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﺘﻔﻕ ﺃﻥ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻠﱡﺼﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺎﻥ؛ ﻓﻘـﺩ ﹸﻟﻘﱢﺒـﺕ ﺃﻓﺭﻭﺩﻴـﺕ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﻲ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺫﻩ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺌﻴﺴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻴﻠﺔ"‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻟ ِﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ل *ﻋﺸﺘﺎﺭ‪ .‬ﺃﻤـﺎ ﻓـﻲ ﺒـﻼﺩ‬
‫ﺘﹸﻤﺎ ِﺜ ُ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ل‪ .‬ﻭﻗـ ِﺩ ﺍﺸﹾـ ﹸﺘ ِﻬﺭ‪‬ﺕ ﻫـﺫﻩ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠِﺒﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺼل ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌﺒ‪‬ﻭﺩﺓ ﺸﹶـﺭﻗ ‪‬ﻴ ﹰﺔ‬
‫ﺃﻓﺭﻭﺩﻴﺕ ﺍﺒﻨﺔ *ﺯﻴﻭﺱ ﻭ*ﺩﻴﻭﻨﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﺕ ﻷﻭ‪‬ل ﻤﺭﺓ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﱢﺸـﻴﺩ‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ﹾ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺍﺒ ‪‬ﻊ ﻋﺸﺭ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻹﻟﻴﺎﺫﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻟﻬﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻘ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﺭ ﺠﻤﻴـ ‪‬ﻊ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺠـﺎل‬
‫‪٧٧‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱠﻤﻭﺫﹶﺝ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻤِﺜﺎل ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﺘﻐﻨﱠﻰ ﺒـﻪ‬
‫ﻭﻀﻌﺕ ﺃﻗﺩﺍﻤﻬﺎ ﻷﻭل ﻤﺭﺓ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻗﺎﻟِﻴﻡ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺼ‪‬ـﻭ ِﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻘـﺩ ﻜـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱢﻌ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺎﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﺃﺭﺽ ﺠﺯﻴﺭﺓ ﻗﺒﺭﺹ؛ ﺤﺘﹼﻰ ﹶﻨﺒ‪‬ـ ﹶ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﻘﺭﺏ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺤﺩ ﻤﻌﺎﺒـﺩﻫﺎ؛ ﻋ‪‬ـﻴﻥ‬
‫ﻕ‬
‫ﻁﹸ‬
‫ل ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻨ ِ‬
‫ﻀﺭ‪‬؛ ﻭﻫﻭ ﺩﻟﻴ ٌ‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻷ ﹾ‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ﹾ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﻨﱢﺴﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻤﻥ ﻤﺎﺌِﻬـﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﺎﺭِﻴﺔ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ﻅﻬﺭﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻭﺠﻭﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻴﺴﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻭِﻻ ‪‬ﺩ ِﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﱢﺴﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻓﻲ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﻭﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ ﺒﺎﻟﺸﱠـﻬﻭ‪‬ﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺎﻨـﺕ‬
‫ـﺎ ﺇﻥ‬
‫ـﺕ ﻤـ‬
‫ـﻴﻭﺩ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻓﺭﻭﺩﻴـ‬
‫*ﻫﻴﺴـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ ﺒِﻌﺒﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ِﺓ ﺃﻓﺭﻭﺩﻴﺕ ﺒﺎﺨﺘِﻼﻑ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ ﹶﻨﺴ‪‬ﺏ‪ ‬ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ *ﻫﻴﺴـﻴﻭﺩ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺼِﻔﺎﺘﻬﺎ ﺩﻻل ﺍﻟﻐﻴﺩﺍﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﺴِـﺤﺭ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻤﻜﹾﺭ ﺍﻷُﻨﺜﹶﻰ‪ ،‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺠﺎﻨِﺏ ﻤﺎ‬
‫ﻭﻴﻐﺘﺴﻠﻥ ﺒﻪ ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺎﺴ‪‬ـﺎ ﻟﻠﺤ‪‬ﻤـل ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﺒﻘﻭ‪‬ﺓ ﺘﺄﺜِﻴﺭﻫﺎ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﻤـﺎﺀ ﻤﻨـﺫ‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻨــﺕ ﺃﻓﺭﻭﺩﻴــﺕ ﺯﻭﺠــ ﹶﺔ‬
‫ﻫﺭﻤﻴﺴــﻭﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﻘــﺩ‪‬ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻘــﺭﺍﺒﻴﻥ‬
‫"ﻫﻴﻔﺎﻴﺴﺘﻭﺱ"‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻬﺎ ﻟﻡ ﺘﻜﻥ ﻭ‪‬ﻓ ‪‬ﻴ ﹰﺔ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺒ ـ ِﺔ‬
‫ـل ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ـﻥ ﺃﺠـ‬
‫ـﺕ ﻤـ‬
‫ﻷﻓﺭﻭﺩﻴـ‬
‫ﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺤﺒ‪‬ﺕ "ﺁﺭﺱ" ﺇﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﺤـﺭﺏ‪،‬‬
‫ﺏ‪.‬‬
‫ﺠﻴ‪‬ـﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﻨﺠـﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻌﺎﺩ ِﺓ ﺍﻟﺯ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺤﻴﺎﺀ ﻤﺎ ﻋﺩﺍ ﺜﻼﺜﹰﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺭﺒ‪‬ـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻭ*ﻫﻴﺭﻤﻴﺱ ﻭ*ﺒﻭﺴﺎﻴﺩﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﺎﻤ‪‬ﺕ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺃﻓﺭﻭﺩﻴﺕ ﻭﺭ ‪‬ﺒ ِﺔ ﺍﻟـﺯ‪‬ﻭﺍﺝ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﹸـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﹶﻌﺫﺍﺭ‪‬ﻯ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻋﻨـﺩ ﺍﻟﺸﱡـﻌﺭﺍﺀ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟ ﹶﻔﺘﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻴل *ﺃﺩﻭﻨﻴﺱ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﻔﻭ‪‬ﻗﺕ‬
‫ﻁﺒ‪‬ـﺔ‬
‫ﺨ ﹾ‬
‫ﻴﻘﺩ‪‬ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺒﻴﻥ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﻋﻨﺩ ِ‬
‫ﻼ ﺃﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻐِﻨﺎﺌ ‪‬ﻴﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﹸـﺩﺍﻤ‪‬ﻰ ﻤـﺜ ﹰ‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ـﺎ ﻓـ‬
‫ـﻰ ﻗﺭﻴﻨﺎﺘﻬـ‬
‫ـﺕ ﻋﻠـ‬
‫ﺃﻓﺭﻭﺩﻴـ‬
‫ﺒﻨﺎﺘﻬﻥ ﺤﺘﱠﻰ ﻴﻭﻓﻘﻥ ﻓـﻲ ﺤﻴـﺎﺘﻬﻥ‬
‫ﺏ‪ .‬ﻓـﺈﻥ‬
‫ل ﻭﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﺠ‪‬ﻤﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻟﻠﺸﹼﺒﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎل‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺴﻠﱠﻤﺕ ﻤـﻥ *ﺒـﺎﺭﻴﺱ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺯﻭﺠﻴﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻓﺎ ِﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ﻨﻴﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﻗـﺩ‬
‫ﺸ ﹸﺘ ِﻬﺭ‪‬ﺕ ﺒﻌﺎﻁِﻔﺘﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺘﺄﺠ‪‬ﺠﺔ؛ ﻗـﺩ‬
‫ﺍﹾ‬
‫ﻟﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻘﹸﺩﺭﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﹶﺘﻬ‪‬ﺏ‪ ‬ﺍﻵﺨـﺭﻴﻥ‬
‫ـﺕ؛‬
‫ـﻰ ﺃﻓﺭﻭﺩﻴـ‬
‫ـﻲ ﺃُﻫـﺩِﻴﺕ ﺇﻟـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘـ‬
‫ـﺕ‪،‬‬
‫ـﺄﻥ ﺃﻓﺭﻭﺩﻴـ‬
‫ـﻥ ﺸـ‬
‫ـﺭﺕ ﻤـ‬
‫ﺃﻜﺒـ‬
‫ل ﻭﺍﻟ ِﻔ ﹾﺘﻨﹶﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻘﺎل ﺇﻥ ﻜل ﻓﺘﺎﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠ‪‬ﻤﺎ َ‬
‫ﺼﺏِ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻗﺘﺭﻨﺕ‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭِﻫﺎ ﺭﺒ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﺠﻌﻠﺘﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺭﺘﹶﺒ ٍﺔ ﻻ ﺘﺼل ﺇﻟﻴﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺃﻭ ﺍﻤﺭﺃﺓ ﺘﻀﻊ ﺍﻟ ِﻤ ﹾﻨﻁﹶﻘ ﹶﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺤِﺯﺍ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﻋِﺒﺎ ‪‬ﺩﺘﹸﻬﺎ ﻓـﻲ ﻜﻭﺭﻨﺜـﺔ ﻭﻗﺒـﺭﺹ‬
‫ﺭ ‪‬ﺒ ﹲﺔ ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﺴﺎﺀ‪‬ل ﻤﻤﻨﺭﻤـﻭﺱ‪:‬‬
‫ﺏ ﻷﻓﺭﻭﺩﻴـﺕ‬
‫ﻱ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺴـﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺤ ِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻓﺭﻭﺩﻴﺕ‪...‬؟"‪.‬‬
‫ﺱ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻋﺩﺩ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻁﱠﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﹸﻗ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺏ‬
‫ـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺤـ‬
‫ـﻴﻌﻪ ﻤــﻥ ﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ﻬﺠ‪‬ـ‬
‫ﺘﺸـ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﺩﺍﻋﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ـﻠﻁﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴـ‬
‫ـﻭﻤﻴﺭﻭﺱ ‪‬‬
‫ـل ﻫـ‬
‫ﻭﺠﻌـ‬
‫ﻜﻤﺎ ﺃﺤﺒ‪‬ـﺕ ﺍﻵﻟِﻬـﺔ ﺩﻴـﻭﻨﻴﺯﻭﺱ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ل ﺠﻤﻴـ ‪‬ﻊ‬
‫ﺃﻓﺭﻭﺩﻴﺕ ﻴﻤﺘﺩ ﺤﺘﱠﻰ ﻴ‪‬ﺸﻤ َ‬
‫ﻁ ﺍﻷﻤﻬﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺃﺴﺒﺭﻁﺔ ﺒـﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺨﹶﻠ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺎﻋِﺭ ﹶﺓ "ﺴﺎﻓﻭ" ‪ Sappho‬ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﺼ ﹰﺔ ﺒﺎﻟﺠﻤﺎل‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﺌِﺯﺓ ﺍﻟﺨﺎ ‪‬‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫"ﻤــﺎ ﻗﻴﻤــﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﻴــﺎﺓ ﺒــﺩﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺠ ﹾﻨﺴِـﻴ‪‬ﺔ‬
‫ﻋ‪‬ﺜﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻤﻭ ِﺯ ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ‪‬ﻊ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺘﺼﺒﺢ ﻤﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺤﺏ‪ ‬ﻭﺍﻻﺸـﺘﻬﺎ ِﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺼﻘﻠﻴﺔ ﺒﺒﻌﺽ ﻅﹶـﻭﺍ ِﻫ ِﺭ ﺍﻟﺒِﻐـﺎﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻴﺴﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺠﻭﺓ ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻬﻭ ِﺓ‬
‫ﺏ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﺴﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻤﻥ ﻨﺎﺤﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻹﻨﺠﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺠ ﹾﻨ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻴﻘﻭل*ﺃﺨﻴل ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺸﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﹼﺎﺴـﻊ‬
‫ﺠﺭ‪ ‬ﻋﺭﺒﺘﻬـﺎ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﻟﻬﺎ؛ ﻷﻨﻬﺎ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺝ ﺍﺒﻨـﺔ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻹﻟﻴﺎﺫﺓ ﺇﻨﻪ ﻟﻥ ‪‬ﻴﺘﹶـ ‪‬ﺯ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺘﺤﻤل ﺭﺴﺎﺌﻠﻬﺎ ﻤﺜـل ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﺼـﻔﹸﻭﺭ‬
‫ﻗﺩ ﹸﻗﺩ‪‬ﻤﺕ ﻷﻓﺭﻭﺩﻴـﺕ ﻤـﻥ ﺃﺠـل‬
‫ﺃﺠﺎﻤﻤﻨﻭﻥ "ﺤﺘﻰ ﻟﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻔ ‪‬ﻭﻗﹶﺕ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺨﻁﹼﺎﻑ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ﻤﺎﻡ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﺠ‪‬ﻊ ﻭﺍﻟ ﹸ‬
‫ﺕ ﻟﻬﺎ ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ﺎ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻨﺠﺎﺏِ؛ ﻓﺈﻨﻬﺎ ﹸﻗ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ ﺼ‪‬ﻭﺭﻫﺎ ﺍﻟﻔﻨﹼﺎﻨﻭﻥ ﻤﻊ ﺍﺒﻨﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﱠﻤـﺎﺀ‪ .‬ﻭﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺨﺼِـ ِ‬
‫ﺃﺠل ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻭﺘﺫﻫﺏ ﺃُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭ ﹸﺓ ﺃﻓﺭﻭﺩﻴﺕ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫*ﺇﻴﺭﻭﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃَﺸﻬ ‪‬ﺭ ﺘﻤﺎﺜﻴﻠﻬـﺎ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺎ ِﺌ ِﺭ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼـﺔ ﺒﺄﻓﺭﻭﺩﻴـﺕ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﺒﻌﺽ ﻤﺭﺍﺤِﻠﻬﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻜ ‪‬ﻭﻨﹶـ ﹾ‬
‫ﻷ ‪‬ﺯﻤِﻨ ِﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﱢﻤﺜﺎل ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﹶﻨﺤ‪ ‬ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻪ‬
‫ﺍَ‬
‫ﻱ ﺍﻤـﺭﺃﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻴ‪ ‬ﹶﺘ ﹶﻨ ﱠﻜﺭ‪ ‬ﺸﺎﺏ ﻓﻲ ِﺯ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ‪‬ﺯ ‪‬ﺒ ِﺩ ﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ﺤﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻜﺎﻨـﺕ ﻟـﻪ‬
‫ـﻭﺱ‬
‫ـﺎل ﻤﻴﻠـ‬
‫ـﻴﺘﻴﻠﻴﺱ ﻭﺘﻤﺜـ‬
‫ﺒﺭﺍﻜﺴـ‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﻘﱢﻠ ‪‬ﺩ ﺼﻴﺤﺎﺘﻬﺎ ﺃﺜﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺨﺎﺽ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺠَ‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺒﺎﻹﺨﺼﺎﺏ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻘـﺩ ﺴ‪‬ـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨ ﹶﺘﹶﻠﻔﹶــﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﱠــﻌﺎ ِﺌ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻔــﻭﻅ‪ .‬ﻭﺍ ﹾ‬
‫ل ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻌﻴﺭﺓ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺭﻑﹸ ﺃَﺼ ُ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺃﻓﺭﻭﺩﻴﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎل"‪.‬‬
‫ﻨﺎﺤﻴﺔ ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‪ .‬ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺒﻴﻥ‬
‫‪٧٨‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﻲ ﺘﺸﺘﻬﺭ ﺒﺎﻟﺜﱠﺭﺜﹶﺭ ِﺓ ﻭﺇﻓﺸـﺎ ِﺀ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻜﻭﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭﺓ ﻴﻴﻤﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺼﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴﺭﺍﺭ؛ ﻭﻫﺫﺍ ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺒﺏ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﺤــﺎ ِﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟــﺫﱠﻫﺒِﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻁﱢــ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﹶﻠﺕِ ﺍﻷﺨﺒﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﺍﻴﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ ﺴ‪ ‬‬
‫ﺠﻌل ﻤﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻤ ﱢﺜﻠﹸﻬـﺎ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟـﺭ‪‬ﻗﺹ‬
‫ﻱ‪.‬‬
‫ﺴ ِﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺩﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﻅﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻗﺎﻤـﺕ‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﺒﻌِﻪ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﺤﺭِﺹ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﻀ ِﻊ ﺇ ‪‬‬
‫ﺱ‬
‫ﻁﻘﹸﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺤﻘﻴﻕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﺸﻴﺭ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﺼ ِﺔ ﺒﺎﻹﺨﺼﺎﺏ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎ ‪‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﻼﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﺒﻪ ﺍﻟﻨﱢﺴﻭ ﹸﺓ ﺍﻟﻜﻭﺭﻨﺸـﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﹸ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ـﻌﺎﺌﺭ‬
‫ﺸـ‬
‫ـﺘﻼﻑ ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ـﺈﻥ ﺍﺨـ‬
‫ـﻲﺀ ﻓـ‬
‫ﺸـ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻁﱡﻘﻭﺱ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼ‪‬ﺔ ﺒﺄﻓﺭﻭﺩﻴﺕ ﻟـﻥ‬
‫ل ﻭﺍﻹﻗﺩﺍﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻅﻠﱠﺕ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠ‪‬ﻤﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻉ‬
‫ﻅ ﺍﻟﻨﱠـﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺹ ﺤِﻔ ﹶ‬
‫ﺸﺨﱢ ‪‬‬
‫ﻼ ﹸﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺃﻤﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﻁﻭﻴ ﹰ‬
‫ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﻨﺩ ﻏﻴـﺭﻩ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺌﻨﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﺘﺯﺍل ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻵﻥ ﺘﹸ ﹾﻠ ِﻬ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﻗﹶﺭﺍﺌِﺢ‪ ‬ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔﻨﹼﺎﻨِﻴﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﱡﻌﺭﺍﺀ ﺒﺭﻭﺍﺌـﻊ‬
‫ل ﻭﻗﺼﺎﺌ ِﺩ ﺍﻟﺸﱢﻌﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﻭ ِﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﱠﻤﺎﺜِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫‪AVESTA‬‬
‫‪AFYRIKETE‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﻤ‪‬ﻌﺒ‪‬ـﻭﺩﺍﺕ ﺩﺍﻫـﻭﻤﻲ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺇﻓﺭﻴﻘﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﺍﻻﺒﻨـﺔ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ـﻐﺭ‪‬ﻯ‬
‫ﺏ ﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﹰـﺎ "َﺃ ِﻭﺴ‪‬ـﺘﺎ " )ﻷﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺘﹸ ﹾﻜ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻭ ﺘﻨﻁﻕ ‪ v‬ﺒﺎﻟﻔﺎﺭﺴﻴﺔ(‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹸﺫﻜِﺭﺕ‬
‫ﻑ ﻨﺎﺒِﻀــ ٍﺔ ﺒﺎﻟﺤﻴــﺎﺓ‬
‫ﺒﺄﻭﺼــﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺒﻌـﺽ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺼـﻨﱠﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻤـﺔ‬
‫ﻷﻫ‪‬ﻭﺭﺍ ‪‬ﻤﺯ‪‬ﺩﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤ‪‬ﻌﺎﻭِﻨﻴﻪ ﻤﻥ ﺼِﻐﺎﺭ‬
‫"ﺃﺒﺴﺘﺎﻕ"‪ :‬ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻘﺩ‪‬ﺱ ﻟﻠﻌﻘﻴـﺩﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﹼﺎﺱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻭﺍﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻤ‪‬ﻼﺀ‪‬ﻤﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻴﻀﻡ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺨﻤﺴﺔ ﺃﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻘﺘﻀﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎﺓ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻴﻭ‪‬ﻤﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻷﭭﺴﺘﺎ‬
‫ﻫﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟِﻴﺔ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﺒﺭﺴﻴﻴﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻬِﻨﺩ ﻻ‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﺍﻟﻴﺎﺴﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺤﺘـﻭﻱ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﻲ ﻤﻥ ﺸﹶﻌﺎﺌ ِﺭ ﺍﻟـﺩ‪‬ﻴﻥ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘِﺴ ِﻡ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺌﻴﺴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺘ ِﺭ ‪‬ﺩ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺜﺎ؛ ﻭﻫﻲ ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋـﺔ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﺤﺎﺩِﻴﺙ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﱠﺼـﺎﺌِﺢ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺼﻭ‪ ‬ﺭ ﺃﻨﻪ ﻭﺤﻲ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻹﻟـﻪ *‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻫ‪‬ﻭﺭﺍ ‪‬ﻤﺯ‪‬ﺩﺍ‪.‬‬
‫ـﺘﺎ‬
‫ـﻥ ﺍﻷﭭﺴـ‬
‫ل ﺇﻻ ﻗِﺴ ـﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻤـ‬
‫ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻤ ﱢﺜ ـ ُ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺏ ﺩِﻴـ ٍ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺼﻠﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﻟﻴﺴﺕ ﻜِﺘﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﻋِﻠ ٍﻡ ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻓﺤﺴﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻬﺎ ﻜِﺘﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﺫﻫﺏ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﺍﻴﺎﺕ ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﺱ ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟـ‬
‫ل ﻤ‪‬ﺅﺴ‪‬ـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﺭﺩﺸـﻴﺭ ﺍﻷ ‪‬ﻭ َ‬
‫ﹶﺘ ِﺘﻤ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺎ ِﺌ ِﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﱢﻘـﺔ ﺒﺼِـﻐﺎﺭ‬
‫ﺠﺴ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻨﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻟﻪ ﺃﻫ‪‬ﻭﺭﺍﻤ‪‬ﺯﺩﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹸﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﱠﻴﺒﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ـﻡ‬
‫ـﻭ ﺍﻟﻘِﺴـ‬
‫ـﺩﺍﺩ؛ ﻭﻫـ‬
‫)‪ (٣‬ﺍﻟﻔﻨﺩﻴـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺹ ﺒﺎﻟ ﹶﻜﻬ‪‬ﻨﹶﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺘﻨـﺎﻭل ِﻗﺼ‪‬ـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺎﺴﺎ ِﻨﻴ‪‬ﺔ )‪٢٤٠ – ٢٢٤‬ﻡ( ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬
‫ﺃﺭﺍ ‪‬ﺩ ﺃﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﻌﻴ ‪‬ﺩ ﻤﺎ ﺘﻔﺭ‪‬ﻕ ﻤـﻥ ﻫـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻟﻡ ﻴﺠﺩ ‪‬ﺒﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﻤﻥ ﻨﻘل ﺍﻷﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻘﺭﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴ ﱠﺘﺴِﻡ ﺒـﻪ ﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ﺤـ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻠﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻘِﺼﺎﺭ ﻟﻠﻜﻬﻨﺔ ﻭﻋﺎﻤ‪‬ـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻌﻨﺎﻩ "ﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻥ"‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﻅﻬﺭ ﺃﻓِﺭﻴﻜِﻴﺕ ﻓـﻲ ﺒﻌـﺽ‬
‫ﺠﺴ‪ ‬ﻡ ﺒﺫﻟﻙ ﻋ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫‪‬ﻤﺤ‪‬ﺘﺎﻟ ٍﺔ ﻤﺎﻜِﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﹸﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻐﻴﺭﺓ؛ ﻭﻫﻲ ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋـﺔ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻜِﺘﺎﺒﻬﻡ ﺍﺴـﻡ "ﺃ ِﭭﺴ‪‬ـﺘﺎ ‪‬ﺯﻨﹾـﺩﺍ"‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺭﺒﺎﺏ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻤﻼﺌﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ ﺘﹸﻌِـﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨﺼِـ ‪‬ﻴ ٍﺔ‬
‫ﺸﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻁﻴﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﻴﺌـ ِﺔ ﹶ‬
‫)‪ (٥‬ﺍﻟﺨﺭﺩﺓ ﺃﭭﺴﺘﺎ ﺃﻱ ﺍﻷﭭﺴـﺘﺎ‬
‫ﻁِﻠﻘﹸـﻭﻥ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻬﻨﺩ ﻴﻌﺘﻨﻘﻭﻨﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻡ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ﺤ ِﺭ‪ .‬ﻭ ﹸﺘﻌ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺭِﺴـ ﹶﺔ ﻟﻜﻨـﻭﺯ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺭﺒﺎﺏ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻤﻼﺌﻜﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺴﻴ‪‬ﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺯﺭﺍﺩﺸﺘﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻻ ﻴﺯﺍل ﺍﻟﺒ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫)‪ (٢‬ﺍﻟﻔﺴﺒﺭﻴﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺤﺘﻭﻱ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﺝ‬
‫ﺦ ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﻭﺭِﻱ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ ﻤ‪‬ـ ِﺯ ‪‬‬
‫ﻟﻠﺘﹼﺎﺭﻴ ِ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﻟﻺﻟﻬﻴﻥ‪ * :‬ﺃﭽﺒﻲ ﻭﻨﺎﻴﺘﻲ‪ ،‬ﻤﻥ ﺁﻟﻬ ِﺔ‬
‫ﻋﺎﺩ ﹰﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱡﺼﻭﺹ ﺍﻹﻴﺭﺍﻨ ‪‬ﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻌﺩ‪ ‬ﻤﺼﺩﺭ‪‬ﺍ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺃﻓِﺮِﻳﻜِﻴﺖ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺍﺭِﺴﻭﻥ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻨﻬـﺎ ﻤـﻥ ﺃﻗـﺩﻡ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ﹶﻐﻴ‪‬ﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺼﻭﺭﺘﻬﺎ ﹶﻜﺭ‪ ‬ﻤﺯِ ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﻨﺎﺸِـﻴ ِﺩ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻴﻨﻴ‪‬ـﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻴـﺫﻫﺏ‬
‫ﺸﻔﺘﻴﻪ‪!...‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﺒﻥ ﺃﺠﺴﺎﺩ‪‬ﻫﻥ ﻷﻓﺭﻭﺩﻴﺕ ﺃﺜﻨـﺎﺀ ﺍﻷَﭬِﺴ‪‬ﺘﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻐﺯﻭ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭِﺴﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﻤﻬﻤﺎ ﻴﻜﻥ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫)‪ (٤‬ﺍﻟﻴﺎﺸﺕ؛ ﻭﻫﻲ ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼ‪‬ﺔ ﺒﺎﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺎﻨﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻌﺩ‪ ‬ﺍﻷﭭﺴـﺘﺎ ﻤ‪‬ﺭﺸِـﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﻟﻠﺤﻴـﺎﺓ‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﻁـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟ ﱢ‬
‫ـﺈﻟﻰ ﺠﺎﻨ ـ ِ‬
‫ـﺔ‪ ،‬ﻓـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴـ‬
‫ﺠﺴ‪‬ـ ِﺩﻱ‪‬؛ ﻨﺠـﺩ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻲ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﺤﺎ ِﻨ ‪‬‬
‫‪٧٩‬‬
‫ﻋﺎﻤ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﻟﺯ‪‬ﺭﺍﻋـﺔ ﺒِﺼـﻔ ٍﺔ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ ﻤﻥ ﻋ‪‬ﻘﺎ ِﺌ ‪‬ﺩ ﻭ ﹶﺘﺼ‪‬ـﻭ‪‬ﺭﺍ ٍ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻔ ﹶﺘﺭِﺴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ـﺎ‪" :‬ﺇﻥ‬
‫ـﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻓﻴﻬـ‬
‫ـﺩ ﺠـ‬
‫ﺼـﺔٍ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗـ‬
‫ﺨﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﻑ ﻗﺩ ﺍﺴﺘﻭﻋﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ْﺄﺜﹸﻭﺭﺍ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻌﺎ ِﺭ ﹶ‬
‫ﻷ ﹾﻓﻌ‪‬ـﻰ ﺃﺸـﻴﺎﺀ‬
‫ﻭﺘﹸﺭﻭ‪‬ﻯ ﻋـﻥ ﺍ َ‬
‫ﻉ ﺤﻴﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﺒ ﹶﺫ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﻘﹶﻤﺢ‪،‬‬
‫ﻥ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﺭﻭ‪ ‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻴﺎﻁِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒ ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺘﻠـﻙ ﺍﻟﻤِ ﹾﻨﻁﹶﻘـﺔِ ﺃﻤـﺩ‪‬ﺍ‬
‫ﻼ ﺇﻨﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺨﹸﺭﺍ ِﻓﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻜﺜﻴﺭﺓ؛ ﻓﻴﻘﺎل ﻤـﺜ ﹰ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ل ﺒﺼـﻔﺔ‬
‫ﺤﺙﱡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻤ‪‬ـ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻷﭭﺴﺘﺎ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺫﻩ‬
‫ـﻲ ﻫـ‬
‫ـﺎ ﻓـ‬
‫ﺽ ﻤـ‬
‫ـﻲ ﺃﻥ ﺒﻌ ـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓـ‬
‫ﺸﻊِ ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﻭﺍﻨﹶﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﻤﻥ َﺃ ‪‬ﺒ ﹶ‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘﻭِﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺴ‪‬ﻭ ِﻗﻪِ‪،‬‬
‫ﺏ ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘﺤِ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸﺘﹼﻰ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺕ ﻋﻴﻨﻴﻬﺎ ﺒﺸـﺠﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻜ ﹾ‬
‫ﺘﺴﺘﻌﻴﺩﻩ ﺇﺫﺍ ‪‬‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺽ ﺤـﻴﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻨﺒ‪‬ـﺕﹸ‪،‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺒﺎﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ﻭﺘﹸﺼﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﻁﻭﻴﻼﹰ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﻨﺘﻘﻠﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺜﹶﻘﺎﻓـﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻑ ﻋﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻔ ِﻘ ‪‬ﺩ ﺒﺼﺭﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ‬
‫ﺘﻌﻴﺵ َﺃ ﹾﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻭﻟﱢﻲ ﺍﻷﺩﺒـﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ﻋﻨـﺩﻤﺎ ﺘﻅﻬـﺭ‬
‫ل‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﺕ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﺨﺯﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﻤﺢ‬
‫ﺴﻨﹶﺎ ِﺒ ُ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ"‪.‬‬
‫ﻓﻴﻪ ﹶﺘ ِﻔ ‪‬ﺭ ﻤﻨﻪ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻴﺎﻁِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ ﺍﻷﻟﻴـﻑ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻨـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻟﻴﻔﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻨﻴﺎ ﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻭﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻤـﻼﻙ "ﻭﻫﻭﻤﻨـﻪ" ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬
‫ﺏ ﻭﻴﺤﻤﻴﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﺤﻤِﻲ ﺍﻟ ِﻔﻜﹾـ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﻁﱠﻴـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﻤﻴﻌ‪‬ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻑ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﹶﻟﻡِ‬
‫ل ﻓﻲ ﺘﹶﻌﺭﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻀُ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﻌ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔ ‪‬‬
‫ﻕ‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘﺸﹾـ ِﺭ ِ‬
‫ﻲ ﺒﺎﻷﭭﺴﺘﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻐﹶﺭ ِﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻷَﻓﻌ‪‬ﻰ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﱢﻌﺭ ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻡ ﺭ‪‬ﻤـ ‪‬ﺯ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻨﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺘﹶﻌﻭِﻴ ﹶﺫ ﹲﺓ ﻀ ‪‬ﺩ ﻋﻀ‪‬ﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺤﻨِﻲ‬
‫ﺼ ٍﺔ ﻟﻤﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﻟﻠ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺩﻭ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﱠﻠﺩ‪‬ﻭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒﺨﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺵ‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟـﺩ‪‬ﺭﺍﻭِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻤ ِﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﻘﻭل ﺒﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺒِﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻤ‪ ‬ﹶﺜل؛‬
‫ﻀ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻟﻴﻘﺘﻠﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺇﻥ ﻓﻲ ‪‬ﻭﺴ‪‬ﻌﻬﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺜﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺜﱠﻌﺎﺒِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﱠﻭﻴﻠﹶﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺒـﻼﺩ ﺍﻟﻬﻨـﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺸ ِﺭ ﺒﺎﻟﻜﻬﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺭﺴﻴﻴﻥ؛‬
‫ﺍﺘﱢﺼﺎِﻟ ِﻪ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺒﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺏ ﺇﻟﺦ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻨﻬﻡ ﻴﺴـﺘﻁﻴﻌﻭﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﻘﺎ ِﺭ ِ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻡ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺫﻟﻙ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﻭﺭﻭﺍﺌِﻌﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ﺠﺴ‪‬ـ ِﻡ ﻫـﻭ‬
‫ﺤﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺇﻥ ﺠ‪‬ﺯﺀ‪‬ﺍ ﻭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺢ ﻤﻥ ﻫﺫﻩ‬
‫ﻀ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻨﻭ‪‬ﻋﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺍ ﱠﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺩِﺭﺍﺴﺎ ﹲ‬
‫ﻱ‬
‫ﺠﻬ‪‬ﻭ ِﺩ ﻤﺎ ﻟﻸﭭﺴﺘﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺘﺄﺜﻴ ٍﺭ ﻗﹶـ ِﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺒ ٍﺔ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟ ِﻔ ﹾﻜ ِﺭ ﻓﻲ ِﻤ ﹾﻨﻁﹶﻘ ٍﺔ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺭﻕ ﺍﻷَﻭﺴﻁ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻴﺱ ﻤﻥ ﺸـﻙ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺒ ِ‬
‫ﻴﺨﺎﻑ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ل"‪.‬‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﻋﻀ‪‬ـﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴ‪ ‬ﹶﺘﻤ‪ ‬ﱠﺘ ‪‬ﻊ ﺒﺎﻟﺤِﻤﺎﻴ ِﺔ ﻤﻥ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﻜﻤـﺎ ﺍﻋﺘﻘـ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﻭﻴﻌﺘﻘﺩ ﺍﻟﻌـﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺜﱠﻌﺎﺒﻴﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﻘﺎﺭِﺏ ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ؛ ﻜﺎﻟﻴﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴﻕ ﺃﻥ ﹶﻟﺤ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻷﻓﻌـﻰ ﺩﻭﺍﺀ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻴ‪‬ﻤﻨﹶﻰ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﻴ‪‬ﺴﺭﻯ ﻤﺜﻼﹰ؛ ﻭﻤﻥ‬
‫ﺵ‬
‫ﻙ ﺍﻟـﺩ‪‬ﺭﻭﻴ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﺜ ‪‬ﻡ ﻴﺠـﺏ ﺃﻻ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻤﺴِـ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﻭﻏﻴـﺭﻩ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻨﺎﺠِﻊ ﻟِـﺩﺍ ِﺀ ﺍﻟﻔِﻴـ ِ‬
‫ﺒﺜﹸﻌﺒﺎﻥ ﺃﻭ ﻋﻘﺭﺏ ﺇﻻ ﺒﺎﻟﻴـﺩ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﹶﺘ ﹾﻨ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﻡ ﺒﺎﻟﺤِﻤﺎﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪VIPER‬‬
‫ﺤﻴ‪‬ـ ﹲﺔ‬
‫ﺤﻴ‪‬ﺎﺕِ؛ ﻭﻫﻲ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷُﻨﺜﹶﻰ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﺠِﻠ ِﺩ ‪‬ﻴﺔِ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻥ ‪‬ﺩﻤ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﻴﺠﻠﻭ‬
‫ﻑ ﻗﹶﻠﺒ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﻭﺸﹸﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺠ ﱢﻔ ﹶ‬
‫ﺼﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ؛ ﻓﺈﻨﻪ ﻻ ﻴﺅﺜﱢﺭ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﺤﻀ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻷﻓﻌـﻰ‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ﺩﻭ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬ﺩ ﺒﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﱢﺭﻴﺎﻕ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﱠﺘ ِ‬
‫ﻋﺭِﻴﻀـ ﹸﺔ‬
‫ﺭﻗﺸﺎﺀ ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠـﻡ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﻓﻌﻰ ﻏِﺫﺍ ‪‬ﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ﺱ ‪‬ﺩﻗِﻴﻘﹶﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ﹸﻨ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺃ ِ‬
‫ﻕ ﹶﻗﺼِﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﹸﺓ ﺍﻟ ﹶﺫﻨﹶﺏ‪ ،‬ﺇِﻓﻴﺠِﻴﻨ‪‬ﻴﺎ‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻷﺤﻴـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ ﻟﻬﺎ ﻓـﻲ ﺒﻌـ ِ‬
‫ﹶﻗ ‪‬ﺭﻨﹶﺎﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﻷ ﹾﻓﻌ‪‬ﻰ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﺏ ﺃﻥ ﺍ َ‬
‫ﻭﻴﻘﻭل ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﺩ‪‬ﻯ ﺃﻋﺩﺍﺀ‬
‫ﺨ ﹶﺘﻔِﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻤﺎل ﻫﻲ َﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﹶﺘ ﹾ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻑ ﺍﻟﻠﱡﻐﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻅﻬـﺭﺕ ﻋﻨـﻪ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﺨﺘِﻠ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻴ‪‬ﻘﺎلُ ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ﺎ‪" :‬ﻤﻥ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻠ ‪‬ﺩﻏﹸ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻷﻓﻌـﻰ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﱡـﻌ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻌﺩ‪ ‬ﻤـﻥ ﺁﻴـﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﺩ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻬﺭ‪‬ﺏ ﻤﻨﻪ ﺃﻫﻠﹸـﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺘﹶﻘ ِ‬
‫ﺒ‪‬ﻴ ٍ‬
‫ل ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻘ ِﺩﺭ‪‬ﺓ ﻵﺨﺭﻴﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﻘـﺎل‬
‫ﹶﻨ ﹾﻘ َ‬
‫ﻓﺘﺭﺠﻡ ﺍﻷﭭﺴـﺘﺎ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻨﺴـﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻷَﻓﹾﻌ‪‬ﻰ‬
‫ﻭﺒﺫﻟﻙ ﺍ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘﺒ‪‬ﻪ‪ ‬ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻠﹶﻤﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻜِﺘﺎﺏ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﻅﹶﻠ ‪‬ﻡ ﻤﻥ َﺃ ﹾﻓﻌ‪‬ﻰ"؛ ﻷﻥ ﻜﹸـ ﱠ‬
‫ﻓﻴﻘﺎل‪َ" :‬ﺃ ﹾ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫"ﺩﻴﺒﺭﻭﻥ" ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﺃﻓﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﻤـﻥ ﺇﻗﺎ ‪‬ﻤﺘِـﻪ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫‪AFSUN‬‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﺜ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻷﭭﺴﺘﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌِﻨﺎﻴـ ِﺔ‬
‫ﺃﹶﻓﹾﺴ‪‬ﻮﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺍﺯﺒﺎﺭﻨﺞ‪.‬‬
‫‪IPHIGENIA‬‬
‫ﺍﺒﻨـــــ ﹸﺔ ﺃﺠـــــﺎ ‪‬ﻤ ِﻤﻨﹸﻭﻥ‬
‫‪ Agamemnon‬ﻭﻜﻠﻴﺘﻤﻨﺴــﺘﺭﺍ‬
‫‪ Clytemnestra‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻁِﻴﺭ‬
‫‪٨٠‬‬
‫ﺼ‪‬ﻭﺭﺓ ﻤﻥ *ﺃﺭﺘﻴﻤﻴﺱ؛ ﻷﻥ ﺍﺴﻤ‪‬ﻬﺎ‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﻓﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤﻌ‪‬ﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﺩﻟﻔﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺕ ﺇﻟﻴﻜﺘﺭﺍ‬
‫ل ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺼَ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﻴﻼﻤﺒﻭﺱ ﻴﺭﻴﺩ ﺃﻥ ﻴ‪ ‬‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﻌﻨِﻲ "ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻴﺔ ﻤﻨﺫ ﻤ‪‬ﻭِﻟﺩِﻫﺎ"‪.‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺃﻥ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘﻘِﻡ‪‬‬
‫ﺸ ﹶﻜ ﹾ‬
‫ﺒﺄﺨﺘِﻬﺎ ﺇﻓﻴﺠﻴﻨﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭَﺃ ‪‬ﻭ ﹶ‬
‫ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺸِـﻴﺔ ﻤـﻥ ﻓﻴﻼﻜـﻭﺱ؛‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭﻭِﻱ ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭ ﹸﺓ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺠﺎﻤﻤﻨﻭﻥ‬
‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ ﻟِﻤﺎ ﺴﻤﻌﺘﻪ ﻋﻥ ﻤ‪ ‬ﹾﻘ ﹶﺘلِ ﺃﺨﻴﻬـﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ل ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺒﻴﺩ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻭﺭﻴﺴـﺘﻴﺱ ‪‬ﻭﺼ‪‬ـ َ‬
‫ﻕ ﻟـﻪ ﺭﻏﺒﺘﹶـﻪ ﺇﻥ‬
‫ﹶﻓﻭ‪‬ﻋ‪‬ﺩ‪ ‬ﻩ ﺒﺄﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﺤ ﱢﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ـﻥ‬
‫ـﺩﻩ ﻤـ‬
‫ـﻔﻲ ﻭﻟـ‬
‫ﺍﺴـﺘﹶﻁﺎﻉ‪ ‬ﺃﻥ ﻴﺸـ‬
‫ﺨﺭ‪ ‬ﺒﻌﺩ‬
‫ﻼ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﺩﺴ‪‬ﺎ ﻟﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍ ﹾﻓ ﹶﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﻋﹰ‬
‫ل ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻗ ﹶﺘ َ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻠﱠﺤﻅﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﺴﺒﺔ ﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺘﻘﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﺠ‪‬ﻤﻴـ ‪‬ﻊ‪.‬‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺭﻀِﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻜﺘﺸﹶﻑ ﻤﻴﻼﻤﺒـﻭﺱ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ل ﺃﺭﺘﻴﻤﻴﺱ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺴﺭ‪‬ﻭﻕ‬
‫ﻀ ‪‬ﻊ ﺘِﻤﺜﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻊ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺃﻨـﻪ‬
‫ﺽ ﺇﻓﻴﻜﻠﻭﺱ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺒﺩِﻫﺎ ﺒﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ ﺒﺭﻭﺭﻭﻥ؛ ﺤﻴﺙ‬
‫ﺴﻜﱢﻴﻨﹰﺎ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻘﻁﹸ ‪‬ﺭ ﺩﻤ‪‬ﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺭ ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ‪‬ﺭﺃَﻱ ِ‬
‫ﹸﺫ ِ‬
‫ﺃﺼﺒﺤﺕ ﺇﻓﻴﺠﻴﻨﻴﺎ ﻜﺎﻫﻨ ﹰﺔ ﻟﻬﺎ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‪،‬‬
‫ـﺽ‬
‫ـﻭﺱ ﺒﻌـ‬
‫ـﺎ ﻓﻭﻻﻜـ‬
‫ـ ‪‬ﺭ ﺒﻬـ‬
‫ﹶﻨﺤ‪‬ـ‬
‫ﻟﻬﺎ ﻗﹸﺭﺒﺎﻨﹰﺎ؛ ﻓﻤﺎ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺭﺘﻴﻤـﻴﺱ‬
‫ﹸﺘ ﹶﻘﺩ‪ ‬ﻡ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻼ ِﺒﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒﺨﺎﺼ‪‬ـ ٍﺔ ﺇﺫﺍ‬
‫ﻑ ﻟـﻪ ﺩﻭﺍﺀ ﻴﺸـﺭﺒﻪ ِﻟﻤ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩ ِﺓ‬
‫ﹶﻓﻭ‪‬ﺼ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺢ ﺒـﺄﻥ ﹶﺘﺴ‪‬ـ ﹸﻜ ‪‬‬
‫ﺇﻻ ﺃﻥ َﺃﻤ‪‬ﺭ‪‬ﺕِ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺃﺓ ﻟﻥ ﺘﻤﻭﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺃﺜﻨـﺎﺀ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﺠﺭ‪‬ﻋـﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻋﺸﺭﺓ ﺃﻴﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﻴﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻤﻥ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨـﺎﻨﻲ‪،‬‬
‫ل ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻷﺴـﻁﹸﻭ ِ‬
‫ِﻟ ﹶﺘﺤ‪‬ﻭ َ‬
‫ـﺎﺕ‬
‫ـﺎﻙ ﺭِﻭﺍﻴـ‬
‫ـﺎﺽ‪ ...‬ﻭﻫﻨـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺨـ‬
‫ﺝ ِﺒﺼ‪‬ـﺩ‪‬ﺃ ﺘﻠـﻙ‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬ﻤﺭِ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻤﺯ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻹﺒﺤﺎﺭ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻁﺭﻭﺍﺩﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﻋﻠﹶﻥ‬
‫ﺢ ﻟﻥ ﺘﻌﻭ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﺹ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻑ ﺍﻟﺨﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﹸ‬
‫ﺙ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼ‪‬ـﺔ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﺨﺘﻠِﻔﺔ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻷﺤـﺩﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺒﺈﻓﻴﺠﻴﻨﻴﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﺴﻴﻤﺎ‬
‫ﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﺸﹸـ ِﻔ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴﻜﱢﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻲ ﺇﻓﻴﻜﻠـﻭﺱ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻋﻴ‪‬ﺕ‬
‫ﺴ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﺩ ِ‬
‫ﻀﺤ‪‬ﻲ ﺒﺈﻓﻴﺠﻴﻨﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺇﻻ ﺇﺫﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺱ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬
‫ﻁﻘﹸﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻕ ﻤﻨﻬﺎ ﺒﺎﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﻤﺎ ﻴﺘﻌﻠﱠ ﹸ‬
‫‪ ،Podarces‬ﻭﺒﺭﻭﺘﻴﺴــﻴﻼﻭﺱ‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘــﺎ ﹸﺓ ﺒﺤﺠــﺔ ﺃﻨﻬــﺎ ﺴ‪‬ــﺘﹸﺯ ﱡ‬
‫ﺒﻌﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﺃﺭﺘﻴﻤﻴﺱ؛ ﻓﻔـﻲ ﺒـﺭﻭﺭﻭﻥ‬
‫‪.Protesilaus‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺽ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﺒﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺎﻨﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﺫﻫ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﺘﻴﻜﺎ؛ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺭﻓﹶﺕ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺃﺨﺘﹸﻪ ﺇﻓﻴﺠﻴﻨﻴﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﱡﻴــﻭﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻨــﺎﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﻜــﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻕ ﺍﻹﻟﻬﺔ ﺃﺭﺘﻴﻤﻴﺱ ﻋﻨـﺩﻤﺎ‬
‫ﺤ ﹶﻨ ﹶ‬
‫ﻗﺩ َﺃ ‪‬‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺫﻟﻙ ﺒﺄﻥ ﺃﺭﺘﻴﻤﻴﺱ ﻨﻔﺴﻬﺎ ﻟﻡ ﺘﻜـﻥ‬
‫ل ﺨﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤﻤﺎ ﹶﻓﻌ‪‬ـل‪.‬‬
‫ﺘﺴﺘﻁﻴﻊ ﺃﻥ ﺘﻔﻌ َ‬
‫ﻕ ﺍﻹﻟﻬﺔ‬
‫ﺤ ﹶﻨ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻓﻲ ﺭِﻭﺍﻴﺔ ﺃﺨﺭﻯ ﺇﻨﻪ َﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻤﺎﺘﹶﺕ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺫﻟﻙ ﺒﺴﻨﻭﺍﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻨـﺕ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺙ ﺒﻭ‪‬ﻋﺩِﻩ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﺩﻡ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﺭﺘﻴﻤﻴﺱ ﻷﻨﻪ ﺤ‪‬ﻨِ ﹶ‬
‫ﻏﺭ‪‬ﺴ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﻓـﻲ ﺸـﺠﺭﺓ؛‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻨﹶﺯﺍﺕِ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶ‬
‫ﺏ ﺒــﻭﺩﺍﺭﻜﻴﺱ‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺭﻀِــ ِﻪ ﻭَﺃ ﹾﻨﺠ‪‬ــ ‪‬‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ*ﺃﺨﻴل‪ .‬ﻭﻤﺎ ﻜﺎﺩ‪‬ﺕ ﺘﹸﻘﺩ‪‬ﻡ ﻟﻠ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﺫﺒ‪‬ﺢ؛ ﺒﺎﻟﻘﺭﺏ ﻤﻥ ﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ ﻤـﺎﺭﺍﺘﻭﻥ ﻓـﻲ ﺇﻓﻴﻜﹾﻠِﻴﺲ‬
‫ﺤﺘﱠﻰ ﺍ ﹾﻓ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺩﺘﹾﻬﺎ ﺃﺭﺘﻴﻤﻴﺱ ﺒﻐﹶﺯﺍﻟﹶـﺔ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺱ ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﺒﻨﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﻁﹶـ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻘﺩ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻨﹼﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﺘﻴﻜﺎ ﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﺍﻴﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺫﻟﻙ‪ .‬ﻭﺤﻤﻠـﺕ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺭﻭﺍﻴـﺔ ﺘـﺫﻫﺏ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺃﺭﺘﻴﻤﻴﺱ ﺍﻟﻔﺘـﺎ ﹶﺓ ﺇﻓﻴﺠﻴﻨﻴـﺎ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺇﻓﻴﺠﻴﻨﻴﺎ ﻟﻡ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻤﺕﹾ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻬـﺎ ﻭ ‪‬ﻫﺒ‪‬ـﺕ‬
‫ـﺙ‬
‫ـﺎﻭﺭﻴﺱ؛ ﺤﻴـ‬
‫ـﻰ ﺘـ‬
‫ـﺤﺎﺒ ٍﺔ ﺇﻟـ‬
‫ﺴـ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﻤﻥ *ﺃﺨﻴل‪.‬‬
‫ﺨﻠﹸﻭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﺘﺯ‪ ‬ﻭﺠ‪ ‬ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹸ‬
‫‪‬ﺩﺒ‪‬ﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻤﺭﺃﺓ ﻋﺠﻭﺯ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺘﹶﻔﺎ ‪‬ﻭﺕٍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻀﺤِﻴﺔ ﺒﺎﻟﻐﹸﺭﺒﺎ ِﺀ ﻋـﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻴﻨـﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻺﻟﻬﺔ ﺃﺭﺘﻴﻤﻴﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺘﻔﻕ ﺃﻥ ﺠـﺎ ‪‬ﺀ‬
‫*ﺃﻭﺭﻴﺴﺘﻴﺱ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ ﺘـﺎﻭﺭﻴﺱ‬
‫ل ﺃﺭﺘﻴﻤﻴﺱ ﻤﻨﻬـﺎ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ل ﺘِﻤﺜﺎ َ‬
‫ﻟِﻴ‪ ‬ﹾﻨ ﹸﻘ َ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ـﺎﺩ ﻴﻜــﻭﻥ‬
‫‪ ،Amphitryon‬ﻭﻴﻜـ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺥ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻭﺃﻡ *ِﻟ ِﻬ ‪‬ﺭﻗﹾل؛ ﺇﺫ ‪‬ﻭِﻟ ‪‬ﺩ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺎﻟﻴﺔ ِﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻭِﻟ ِﺩ ِﻫ ‪‬ﺭﻗﹾل‪ .‬ﻭﺘﺫﻫﺏ‬
‫‪IPHICLUS‬‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﻀ ‪‬ﻌ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭ ﹸﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ *ﻫﻴﺭﺍ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﻓﹸﻭﻻﻜﹸﻭﺱ ‪ Phylacus‬ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺍﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺜﹶﻌﺎﺒِﻴﻥ ﻓﻲ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻬ ِﺩ ﺇﻓﻴﻜﻠﻴﺱ ﻭﻫﺭﻗـل؛‬
‫ﺇﻓِﻴﻜﹾﻠﹸﻮﺱ‬
‫ﻋﻨﱢﻴﻨﹰﺎ؛‬
‫ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭ ِﺓ ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴﻘﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ِ‬
‫ﹶﻓﹶﻠﺠ‪‬ــﺄ ﻭﺍﻟِــﺩ‪‬ﻩ ﻓﻭﻻﻜــﻭﺱ ﺇﻟــﻰ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﻘﹸـﺩﺭﺓ‬
‫* ﻤﻴﻼﻤﺒﻭﺱ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ‪‬ﻭ ِﻫ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻴﺴﻤﻊ ﻭﻴﻔﻬـﻡ ﺃﺼـﻭﺍﺕ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺠ‪‬ﺭﻯ ﻤﻨﻬﺎ ﺇﻓﻴﻜﻠﻴﺱ‪ ،‬ﺃﻤﺎ ﻫﺭﻗـل‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻙ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺠﺒﺎﺘﻬﺎ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺃﻥ ﺘﺸـﺘﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺃﻤﻔﻴﺘـــــﺭﻭﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺍﺒـــــ ‪‬‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺃﺼﺒﺤﺕ ﻜﺎﻫِﻨ ﹰﺔ ﻟﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻜـﺎﻥ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻲ *ﺜﻴﺴـﻴﻭﺱ ‪،Theseus‬‬
‫‪IPHICLES‬‬
‫ﺨ ﹶﻨﻘﹶﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﺭﺍﻓﹶـﻕ ﺇﻓﻴﻜﻠـﻴﺱ‬
‫ﻓﻘﺩ ﹶ‬
‫ﻫﺭﻗل ﻓﻲ ﻤ‪‬ﻨﺎﺴ‪‬ﺒﺎﺕ ﻋﺩﻴﺩﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﺍ ‪‬ﻤﻠﹶﻪ‬
‫ـﻭﺱ‬
‫ـﺩ ﺃﺭﺠﻴﻨـ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻤﹶﻠ ـ ِﺔ ﻀـ‬
‫ـﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓـ‬
‫‪٨١‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺃﻭﺘﻭﻤﻴﺩﻭﺴﺎ ﺍﺒﻨـﺔ ﺍﻟﻜـﺎﺜﻭﺱ‪،‬‬
‫ﺤﻜﱠـ ٍﺔ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺜﱠﺭﺜﹶﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺸـﻌﺭﻭﻥ ﺒ ِ‬
‫ﻭَﺃ ﹾﻨﺠ‪‬ﺏ‪ ‬ﻤﻨﻬﺎ ﺇﻴﻭﻻﻭﺱ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﺘﹶـﺯﻭ‪‬ﺝ‬
‫ﻥ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺃﻨﻭﻓﻬﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺘﻘﻠﱠﺹ ﺇﻨﺴﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺹ ﺍﻷﻓﻴﻭﻥ ﻤﻨﺫ‬
‫ﻋﺭِﻓﺕ ﺨﻭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼ ﹾﻐﺭ‪‬ﻯ ﺸـﻘﻴﻘﺔ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﺒﻨﺔ ﻜﺭﻴﻭﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﻴﺠﺎﺭﺍ ﺯﻭﺠﺔ ﻫﺭﻗل‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﺠﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻥ ﻟـﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﻠﱠﻤـﺎ ﻴﻬﺘـﺎﺝ‬
‫ﺨٍ‬
‫ﻜل ﻤ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩ ﱢ‬
‫ﻥ ﺇﻟﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﺨﻨﻭﻥ ﻟﻸﻓﻴﻭﻥ ﺃﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻠﺠ‪‬ﺄﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻁﹼﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻥ ﻜﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ِﻘ ‪‬ﺩ ِﻡ ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﺃﺒﻨـﺎﺀ‪‬ﻩ‬
‫ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭ ِﺓ ﺃﻥ ﻫﺭﻗل ﹶﻗﺘﹶـ َ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ﹾﻨﻑِ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺒﺩﻭ ﺃﻥ ﻗﹸﻭﺍﻫﻡ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ﹾﻘِﻠﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻻ‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺓ ﻫـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺴ ِﺘﻤ‪‬ﺘﺎﻉ‪ .‬ﻭﺒ‪‬ﹶﻠ ﹶﻎ ﻤﻥ ﹸ‬
‫ﻟﻼ ‪‬‬
‫ﹶﺘﺘﹶﺄﺜﱠ ‪‬ﺭ ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ‪ ،‬ﺒل ﺇﻨﻬﺎ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻨ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﹰﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻘﹼﺎﺭ ﺃﻥ َﺃ ﱠﺜﺭ‪ ‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺨﹶﻴﺎلِ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌ ِﺒﻲ‪‬؛‬
‫ﻥ ﻟ ﹶﻨﻭ‪‬ﺒﺎﺕٍ‬
‫ﻴﺘﻌﺭ‪‬ﺽ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺩ ِﻤﻨﹸﻭﻥ ﻟﻸﻓﻴﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻥ ﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻥ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﻨﺎﺤﻴﺔ ﺘﹶﺼﻭِﻴ ِﺭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺩ ِﻤ ِ‬
‫ﻥ ﺭﺅﻴ ﹶﺔ ﺃﺸﻴﺎﺀ‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬ﻴﻠﹸﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻬﺫﹶﻴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺘﹶﺴﺠِﻴلِ ﺒﻌﺽ ﻨﻭﺍﺩِﺭﻩ‪.‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﻭﺠﻴﺎﺱ ﻭﻻﻭﻭﻤﻴﺩﻭﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﹶﺘﺯ‪ ‬ﻭﺝ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﺎﺩ ﹰﺓ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘﻤ‪‬ﱠﻠﻜﹸﻬﻡ ﺭ‪‬ﻏﺒ ﹲﺔ ﻋﺎﺭِﻤـ ﹲﺔ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺠﻨﹸـﻭﻥِ‪،‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺒِ ﹶﻨ ‪‬ﻭﺒِﺔٍ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ُﺃﺼِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﺃﺒﻨﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﺇﻓﻴﻜﻠﻴﺱ ﻭﻟﻡ ﻴﻨﺞ ﻤـﻨﻬﻡ‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺘ َ‬
‫ﺇﻻ ﺇﻴﻭﻻﻭﺱ؛ ﺇﺫ َﺃ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻘ ﹶﺫ ‪‬ﻩ ﺇﻓﻴﻜﻠﻴﺱ ﻤﻊ‬
‫ﺃﹶﻓﹾﻴ‪‬ﻮﻥ‬
‫‪OPIUM‬‬
‫ﺨﺸﹾﺨﺎﺵِ‬
‫ﺠﻤ‪ ‬ﺩ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺼِﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﻸ ﹾﻓﻴ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻨﹼﺎﻀِﺞ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺩﺨﱢﻨﻭﻥ ﻟ َ‬
‫ﻴﺼﻨﻌﻭﻥ ﻤﻨﻪ ﻤ‪‬ﺨﺭ‪‬ﻭﻁﹰﺎ ﻭﻴﺜﻘﺒﻭﻨـﻪ‬
‫ﻏ ﹾﻠﻴ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻤ‪‬ﺜﻘﱠـﺏ‬
‫ﻭﻴ‪‬ﺜﺒﺘﹼﻭﻨﻪ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻨﺘﻔﺎﺥ ﹶ‬
‫ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﻴﻭﻀﻊ ﺍﻷﻓﻴـﻭﻥ ﻓـﻭﻕ‬
‫ﺹ ﻜـﺄَﺩﺍﺓٍ‬
‫ل ﺒﻭﺠ ٍﻪ ﺨـﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻌ ِﻤ َ‬
‫ﻗﺩ ﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﻻ ‪‬ﻭﺠ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺩ ﻟﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗِﻊ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻷﻓﻴﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻗﹾﺘِﺮﺍﻉ ‪SORTITION‬‬
‫ﺸ ﹸﻘ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺩﺨﱢﻨﻭﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﻠﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻨ ِ‬
‫ﺩ‪‬ﺨﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺒﻬﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺨﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺨِـل‬
‫ﺍﺤﺘﻔﻅ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺩﺨﱢ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼ‪‬ﺩ ِﺭ ِﻩ ﻜﺎﻥ ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ ﺍﻷﻓﻴﻭﻥ ﻗﻭﻴ‪‬ـﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻴﻌﺘﻘﺩﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺠﻭ ‪‬ﺩ ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ ﺍﻷﻓﻴـﻭﻥ‬
‫ﻱ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺜﻴﺭﹰﺍ‬
‫ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﺴﻲ‪ ،‬ﻴﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﻬِﻨﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨ ﹾﻠﻁِـ ِﻪ ﺒـﺒﻌﺽ‬
‫ﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﻐﺵﱡ ﺍﻷﻓﻴﻭﻥ ِﺒ ﹶ‬
‫ﻥ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻭﻴﺨﺘﻠﻑ ﺘﹶـﺄﺜِﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻷﻓﻴـﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ‪‬‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺩﺘِﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺩﺨﱢﻨﻴﻥ ﻟﻪ ‪‬‬
‫ﺝ ﻤﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺩﺨﱢﻨﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺩﺨﻨﻭﻥ ﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﻤِﺯﺍ ِ‬
‫ـﺎ ‪‬ﻴﺘﹶــ ‪‬ﻭﻫ‪ ‬ﻡ‬
‫ـﺎﻟﺯ‪‬ﻤﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺜﻴــﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤـ‬
‫ﺒـ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺠِﺒﻴ‪‬ﻥ‬
‫ﺍ ﹾﻗﺘِﺭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨﻨﹸﻭﻥ ﻟﻸﻓﻴـﻭﻥ ﺃﻨﻬـﻡ ﻅﻠﱡـﻭﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺩ ﱢ‬
‫ﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺒﻌﺽ‬
‫ﺠ ِﺒ ‪‬ﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺎ ِ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻌﺩ‪ ‬ﺍ ﹾﻗﺘِﺭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﻓﻲ ﺤﺎﻟـ ِﺔ‬
‫ﻤﺴﺘﻴﻘﻅﻴﻥ ﻁﻭﺍل ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﺠ‪‬ﻤـﺎلِ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺠ ﹶﺘﻤ‪‬ﻌﺎﺕِ ﻤﻥ ﺴِـﻤﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺍﺴﺘﺭﺨﺎﺀ ﻫﺎﺩﺉ ﹶﻟﺫِﻴﺫ‪ .‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻴﻠـ ِﺔ‬
‫ﺒﻴﻨﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻌ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺭ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ ﺃﺨـﺭﻯ‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻐ ‪‬ﺭﻗﹸﻭﺍ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﹼﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻴﻘﻭﻟﻭﻥ ﺇﻨﻬﻡ ﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺹ ﺇﻨﺴـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬‬
‫ﻼ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـ ﹾ‬
‫ﺩﻟﻴ ﹰ‬
‫ﻱ ﺃﺤـﻼ ٍﻡ‬
‫ﺨﱠﻠﻠﹾـ ‪‬ﻪ ﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﻕ ﻟﻡ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﻋﻤِﻴ ٍ‬
‫ﻨﹶﻭ ٍﻡ ‪‬‬
‫ﺱ‬
‫ل ﹶﻓﻘﹾـ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻹﺤﺴـﺎ ِ‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺯﻋِﺠﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﹶﻟﻌ‪‬ـ ﱠ‬
‫ﺨﻨِﻲ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﺯ‪‬ﻤﻥ؛ ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩ ﹶﻓ ‪‬ﻊ ﻤ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩ ﱢ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻓﻴﻭﻥ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻘﺎ ِﺩ ﺒﺄﻥ ﹶﺘﻌ‪‬ـﺎﻁِﻲ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻐ ِﺭﻗﹸﻬﺎ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺩ ﹶﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﻓﻴﻭﻥ ‪‬ﻴﻁِﻴ ُ‬
‫ﺴﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺁﺜـﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ﹶﺘﻌ‪‬ـﺎﻁِﻲ‬
‫ﺠ ﹾﻨ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﻤِﻠ ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺹ‬
‫ﺏ ﺫِﺌﺒ‪‬ﺎ ﺃﻭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻨﻪ ‪‬ﻤﺼ‪‬ـﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻴ‪ ‬ﹾﻨ ﹶﻘﻠِ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﺘِﻘـﺎ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﻟِﻠﺩ‪‬ﻤﺎﺀ ﺃﻭ ﺴﺎﺤِﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻻ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸﺎﺌِﻊ ﻓﻲ ﺠﻨﻭﺏ ﺭﻭﺴﻴﺎ ﻭﺍﻟﻴ‪‬ﻭﻨـﺎﻥ‬
‫ـﺩﺍﻨﻤﺎﺭﻙ‬
‫ـﺎ ﻭﺍﻟـ‬
‫ـﺎ ﻭﺃﻟﻤﺎﻨﻴـ‬
‫ﻭﺒﻭﻫﻴﻤﻴـ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻴﺴﻠﻨﺩﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﻬﻨﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﻅ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﺭ ﺒﺴﺭﻋﺔ ﻜﻤﺎ ﻫـﻭ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻓﻴﻭﻥ ﻻ ﹶﺘ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎل ﻤﻊ ﺸﺎ ِﺭﺒِﻲ ﺍﻟﺨﹶﻤﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟـﻴﺱ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺸﻙ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻥ ﺇﻋـﺩﺍ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻐ ﹾﻠﻴ‪‬ـﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻕ ﻭﻗﺘﹰـﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺘﺩﺨﻴﻥ ﺍﻷﻓﻴﻭﻥ ‪‬ﻴﺴ‪‬ـ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻐ ِﺭ ﹸ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﺨﹶﻤـﺭِ‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﻤﻤﺎ ﻴﺴﺘﻐﺭﻗﻪ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻁﻭ َ‬
‫ﺤﺘِﺴﺎﺌِﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺱﻻ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﻜﺄ ٍ‬
‫ﻭﻴ‪‬ﻌ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﺩ ﻓﻲ ﺇﻨﺠﻠﺘﺭﺍ ﻭﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻴﻥ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻥ ﺤﺎﺠِﺒﺎ ‪‬ﻩ ﺴ‪‬ـﻌِﻴ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴ‪ ‬ﹾﻘ ﹶﺘﺭِ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠَ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺤﻅﱢ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﹶﺘﺎﺓﹶ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻘﺘﹶـ ِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﺎﺠِﺒﺎﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﻌﺘﻤﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﻠﺩ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‪.‬‬
‫ﻅ ‪‬ﺭ‪ :‬ﹸﻗﺭ‪‬ﻋﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍ ﹸﻨ ﹸ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺩﺨﻨﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻴﻨﻴﻭﻥ ﻟﻸﻓﻴﻭﻥ‬
‫ـﺎﺱ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ـﺩ‪‬ﻤﻨﻴﻥ‬
‫ـﻲ ﺇﺤﺴـ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ـ َﺅﺜﱢ ‪‬ﺭ ﻓـ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺨﻠِﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﻴ‪‬ﺘﹶﺼﺎﻋ‪ ‬ﺩ ﻤﻨﻪ‬
‫ﹶﻟﻬ‪‬ﺏٍ ﻭﻟﻴﺱ ﺒﺩﺍ ِ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﺼﺤ‪‬ﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻬﺎ ﺘﺄﺜﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﻀﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺩﻤ‪‬ﺭ ﻟِﻠ ‪‬‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫*ﻤﻴﺠﺎﺭﺍ ﺯﻭﺠﺔ ﻫﺭﻗل‪.‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻷﻓﻴﻭﻥ ﻤﺜل ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺭﻭﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺸ ﹶﺘﻘﹼﺎ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾ‬
‫ﺘﻌﻴﺵ ﻓﻴﻪ؛ ﺴﻭﻑ ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﺴﻌﻴﺩ ﹰﺓ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺯﻭﺍﺠِﻬــﺎ ﺃﻭ ﻻ ﹶﺘﺘﹶــ ‪‬ﺯﻭ‪‬ﺝ ﻋﻠــﻰ‬
‫‪٨٢‬‬
‫ﺍﻹﻁﹾﻼﻕ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ‪‬ﺯ ‪‬ﻭﺠ‪‬ـ ﹰﺔ ﻏﻴـﺭ‬
‫ﺭِﺠل ﻤ‪‬ﺴﻠﹸﻭﺨﺔ" ﻭ"ﺍﻟﻘﹶﺼﻴﺭ ﺍﻷﺸﻴﺏ"‬
‫ﺠﺤ‪‬ﻭ ِﺭ ﺍﻷﻗﺯﺍﻡ؛ ﻓﺈﻥ‬
‫ﻕ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﻓﻭ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻀ‪‬ﺒﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼﺎﻟِﺤﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭ"ﺃﺒﻭ ﺭِﺠل ﻭﺯﺓ"‪ ...‬ﺇﻟﺦ‪.‬‬
‫ﻤﻌﻨﹶﻰ ﺫﻟﻙ ﺃﻨﻬﻡ ﻤ‪‬ﺸﻐﹸﻭﻟﹸﻭﻥ ﺒﺎﻟﻁﱠﻬﻲ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺍﻷَﻗﹾﺰﺍﻡ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻡ ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺌِﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺢ ﺇﻨﺴﺎﻨﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻥ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﻼﻤِ ‪‬‬
‫ﻟﻬﺎ ﻤ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﻥ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﻔﺎﺭِﻴـﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﻫـﻡ‬
‫ﺠ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻌ ِﺒ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ‬
‫ﺸﻬ‪‬ﻭﺭ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎ ِ‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ﹾ‬
‫ﻋﺼ‪‬ﻭﺭِﻫﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺨﺘِﻼﻑ ﺒِﻴﺌﺎﺘِﻬﺎ ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬ﺭ ﺒﻬﻡ ﺍﻟﺤﻭﺍﺩﻴـﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴـﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺯ ﹶ‬
‫ﺼﻔِﻴ ﹶﻘ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟﺠِﻠـﺩ ﻤ‪‬ﺘ ﹶﻐﻀ‪‬ـﻨﺔ ﻜﺜﻴـﺭﺓ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﺤِـﺩﺍﺩﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﺒﺎﻜﺔ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺃﻋﻤـﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻏﻠِﻴﻅﺔ ﻭﻟِﺤﺎﻫﻡ ﻁﻭﻴﻠﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺭﺀﻭﺴﻬﻡ ﹶ‬
‫ﺞ‪ .‬ﻭﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻐ ‪‬ﺯلِ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﱠﺴـﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺴﻁﱠﺤﺔ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻗﺩﺍﻤ‪‬ﻬﻡ ﺇﻤﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺄﺜﹸﻭ ِﺭ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻷﻗﺯﺍ ‪‬ﻡ ﻫﻡ ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ ﻋﻠﱠﻤﻭﺍ‬
‫ﻜﺄﻗﺩﺍﻡ ﺍﻹ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺯ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﻁﱢ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻤ‪‬ﺼـﺎﺒﺔ‬
‫ﺱ ﻜﻴﻑ ﻴﺨﺒﺯﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺴـﺒﻜﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﹼﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﺨﻁﻭﺍﺘﻬﻡ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘﻌ‪‬ﺜﱢـﺭﺓﹰ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻌ ُ‬
‫ﺒﻌﺎﻫﺔ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ‪.‬‬
‫ﻥ ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﺨِﻴﻁﹸﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﺜﱢﻴﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻌ ِﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻴﺎﻏﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻨﺴـﺎﺅُﻫﻡ ﺒﺎﺭِﻋـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﺘﺠ‪‬ﺎﻋِﻴــﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻓــﻭﺍﻫﻬﻡ ﻭﺍﺴــﻌﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺭﺩﺍﺌﻬﻡ ﺍﻷﺨﻀﺭ‬
‫ﻏﹶﻠ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭﻨﱢﺤ ﹰﺔ‪ .‬ﻭَﺃ ﹾ‬
‫ﻭﻴﺴﺘﻁﻴﻊ ﺍﻷﻗﺯﺍ ‪‬ﻡ ﻤ‪‬ﻌﺭِﻓ ﹶﺔ ﺍﻟﻐﹶﻴﺏ‪،‬‬
‫ﺃﻭ ﺍﻷﻏﺒــﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻀــﻌﻭﻥ ﻋﻠــﻰ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﱠﻨﺒ‪‬ﺅ ﺒﺎﻟﺠﻭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﺩ ٍﺭ ﻜﺒﻴ ٍﺭ‬
‫ﺭﺅﻭﺴﻬﻡ ﻁﻭﺍﻗﻲ )ﺠﻤـﻊ ﻁﺎ ِﻗﻴ‪‬ـﺔ(‬
‫ﺱ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﱠـﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺭ‪‬ﺠﺎﺤ ِﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻘل‪ ،‬ﻴﻌِﻴﻨﹸﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ‪‬ﻤﺭﺍﺀ ﻟﻬﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﺩ‪‬ﺒﺎﺕ )ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺒـﺔ ﻫـﻲ‬
‫ﻥ ﻴ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﺒﺭﺃﻴﻬﻡ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺩﻴ ِﺩ ﺤﻴﻨﹰﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻤﺩ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺩﻟﻲ ﺨﻠـﻑ ﺍﻟـﺭﺃﺱ(‪.‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺴﺎﻋ‪‬ﺩ ِﺓ ﻟﻠﻌﺎﻤِﻠﻴﻥ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ﻴـ ِ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺱ ﺍﻟﺒـﺎﺤﺜﻭﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻘﻭ‪‬ﻤـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻸﻗﺯﺍ ِﻡ ‪‬ﻭﺠ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﺸﹶﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺃﻭ ﺼِﻴﺎﻏ ِﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩِﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻡ ﺒﺎ ِﺭﻋ‪‬ﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠ‪‬ﺜﻤﺎﻨﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻷﺨﻼﻗﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﹸﺅﻟﹼـﻑ‬
‫ﻑ ﻋﻨﻬﻡ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺸﺨﺼﻴﺎﺘﻬﻡ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﻋ‪‬ﺭ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺭﻕ ﻭﺍﻟﻐﺭﺏ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻭﺍﺀ ﺃﻨﻬﻡ‬
‫‪‬ﻴﺅﻟﱢﻔﻭﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻷﺤﻴﺎﻥ ﺠﻤﺎﻋ ﹰﺔ‬
‫ﻤﺴﺘﻘﻠﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺭﺒﻤﺎ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻨﻅﺎﻤ‪‬ﻬﺎ ‪‬ﻤﹶﻠ ِﻜﻴ‪‬ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﻭﻴ‪‬ﻌﺘﹶﻘ ‪‬ﺩ ﺃﻨﻬﻡ ﻜﺎﻨﻭﺍ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺼـ ِ‬
‫ﺃﻭ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﹶﻟﻡِ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻔِﻠﻲ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﻋﺎﺸـﺕ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺠِﺒﺎل ﻭﺍﻟﺘﱢﻼل ﻭﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻜﻬ‪‬ﻭﻑ‪،‬‬
‫ﺏ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﹰﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﻨﻬﺎﺭِ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺒﺎﻟﻘﹸﺭ ِ‬
‫ﺒﺄﻨﻬﺎ ﹸﻗﺼ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻤﻨِﻴﻔﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﺼل ﺍﻟﻘﹶـ ‪‬ﺯ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﻫﺅﻻﺀ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻗﺼﻰ ﹸﻨﻤ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻭ ِﻩ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟِﺜﺔ ﻤﻥ ﻋﻤﺭﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﹸﺼﺒِﺢ ﻟﻪ ﻟِﺤﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺒﻌﻀﻬﻡ ِﺒ ‪‬ﻤ ِﺯ ‪‬ﻴ ٍﺔ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺩلﱡ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﺴﻤ‪‬ﻪ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﻋ ﹾﻘﹶﻠﺔﹸ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺒﺎﻉ"‪ ،‬ﻭ"ﺃﺒـﻭ‬
‫ﹶﻟ ﹶﻘﺒ‪‬ﻪ؛ ﻤﺜل " ‪‬‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ـﺎ ﻴ‪‬ﺭﻴ ـﺩ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ـﺎﻨﻬﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺄﻨﻤـ‬
‫ﺒﺄﻋﻴـ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻜِﺒﺎ ِﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻭﺍﺀ؛ ﻓﺈﻨﻬﻡ ﻜﺜﻴـﺭ‪‬ﺍ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﺭ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻷﺴـﺭﺍﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﻴﺼﺎ ِﺭﺤ‪‬ﻭﻫﻡ ﺒ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﻗﺯﺍﻡ ﻁﺎﺌِﻔﺔ ﺘﻅﻬﺭ ﻨﹶﻬـﺎﺭ‪‬ﺍ‬
‫ﻼ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺼ‪‬ﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻀ‪‬ﻔﺎ ِﺩﻉِ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟـﻴ ﹰ‬
‫ﺼﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻵﺩﻤﻴﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒﻌﻀﻬﻡ ﻴﺘﺤﻭ‪‬ل‬
‫ﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﻘﺩ‪‬ﻤﻭﻥ‪ ‬ﻟﻬﻡ ﺍﻟﻬ‪‬ﺩﺍﻴﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻟﻭﺍ ِﻗ ‪‬ﻊ ﺇﻥ‬
‫ﻜل ﻫﺩﻴﺔ ﻴﺘﻠﻘﹼﺎﻫﺎ ﺇﻨﺴﺎﻥ ﻤـﻥ ﻗﹶـ ‪‬ﺯ ٍﻡ‬
‫ل ﺒﻴﻥ ﻴﺩﻴﻪ ﺇﻟﻰ ﹶﺫﻫ‪‬ﺏ‪.‬‬
‫ﻻﺒﺩ ﺃﻥ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘﺤ‪ ‬ﻭ َ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻥ ﺭﺫﺍﺌﻠﻬﻡ ﺃﻨﻬـﻡ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻐ ‪‬ﺭﻤ‪‬ـﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸﺭ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺠ ٍﺭ ﺒ ﹸ‬
‫ﺤ‪‬‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ‪‬‬
‫ﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻤﺱ‪.‬‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫ﻑ ﺍﻷﻗــﺯﺍ ‪‬ﻡ ﺒﺎﻟ ﹶﻘﺼ‪‬ــ ِ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻜﻠﹶــ ﹸ‬
‫ﺼ ِﺔ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻴـﺎﻟﻲ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻗﺹ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒﺨﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻑ ﺍﻟﻨﱢﺴـﺎ ِﺀ‬
‫ﺨﻁﹾـ ِ‬
‫ﻥﺒﹶ‬
‫ﺴﺭِﻗﺔِ‪ ،‬ﹶﻜِﻠﻔﹸﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ‪‬ﺭﺒ‪‬ـ ﹸﺔ‬
‫ﺤﺼ‪‬ـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻷﻁﻔﺎل؛ ﻭﻟﺫﻟﻙ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﺠِﺒـﺔ‬
‫ﺕ ﻤـﻨﻬﻡ ﺒـﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻷ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴ ِ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻏﹶﺒﺭﺍﺀ ﻭﻫﻭ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺎﺒِﻌﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ ‪‬ﻴﻤ‪‬ﺘﺎ ‪‬ﺯ‬
‫ﺱ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ﻴﻘﺘﺭﺏ ﺍﻷﻗﺯﺍﻡ ﻤﻥ ﺃُﻨـﺎ ٍ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺍﻷﻗﺯﺍ ِﻡ ﻤـﻥ ﻤ‪‬ﻌﺎﻜﹶﺴـﺔِ ﺍﻷﻁﻔـﺎ ِ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺼﻔﹶﺕ ﻤ‪‬ﺴـﺎ ِﻜﻨﹸﻬﻡ‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﻨﺎﺒِﻴ ِﻊ ﺍﻟﻤِﻴﺎ ِﻩ‪ .‬ﻭ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺒﻭﺍﺴﻁﺔ ﺍﻟﻁﹼﺎ ِﻗﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﺒﺎﺀ‪‬ﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻏﻡ ﻤﻤـﺎ ُﺃﺜِـ ‪‬ﺭ ﻋـﻥ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‬
‫ﻜﺎﺌﻨﺎﺕ ﺨﺎﺭِﻗﺔ ﺘﻌﻴﺵ ﺘﹶﺤ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻟﺒﻌﻀﻬﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﹸﺩﺭﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﺴ‪‬ـ ِﺘﺨﹾﻔﺎﺀ‬
‫ل ﺤﻴﻨﹰﺎ ﺁﺨﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ﻘ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻘ ِﻤﺭ‪‬ﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻨﻐﺎ ٍﻡ ﻤﻭﺴﻴﻘﻴﺔ ﺨﻔﻴﻔﺔ‬
‫ﺢ ﻭﻤﺎ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﱠﻌﺎﻭِﻴﺫ‪ ،‬ﻭﻨﹶﺜ ِﺭ ﺍﻟﻤِﻠ ِ‬
‫‪‬ﻤﺭِﺤﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻬﻡ ﻓﻲ ﻤﻌﻅﻡ ﺃﻭﻗـﺎﺘﻬﻡ‬
‫ﺃﺭﺠﺎﺀ ﺍﻟـﺩ‪‬ﺍﺭ‪ ...‬ﻭﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟﻌـﺎﺩﺍﺕ‬
‫ﺸﻁﹸﻭﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻌ ﹶﺘﻘﹶﺩﺍﺕِ‬
‫ﺠﺎﺩ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻨﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻴﻔﻴﻴﻥ ﺃﻨﻬﻡ ﻴ‪‬ﻘﺩ‪‬ﻤﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ﺏ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﹼﻌ ِﺒ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ ﺃﻨﻪ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺸﹸﻭ ِﻫ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺤﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻷﻗﺯﺍﻡ ﻗِﻁﻌ‪‬ﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﹶﻁﻴـ ِﺭ ﺃﻭ‬
‫‪٨٣‬‬
‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ ﻨﻅﻴﺭ ﻤﻌﺎﻭﻨﺘﻬﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻋﻤـﺎل‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤ ‪‬ﻌﺒ‪‬ﺭ ﺒـﻴﻥ ﺇﺭﺍﺩﺓ ﺍﻹﻨﺴـﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻟﻠﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌ ِﺒﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﹶﺭﻭِﻱ ﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘل‪.‬‬
‫ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻁﹼﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺤﺩ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺩ ِﺓ ﻭﺒﻴﻥ ﺁﻤﺎﻟِـ ِﻪ‬
‫ﻼ‬
‫ﻴﺤﺩﺙ ﻟﻜل ﻤـﻥ ﻴﺭﺘﻜـﺏ ﻓِﻌـ ﹰ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻷﻗﺯﺍﻡ‪ ،‬ﺒﻭﺠ ٍﻪ ﻋﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﻴﻼﺌﻤـﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻴﺒﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻌﻴﺩﺓ ﻤﻌ‪‬ﺎ‪ ...‬ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻴﺒﺔ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻅﺭ‪ ‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺇﻟﻬﺔ‬
‫ﺱ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹶ‬
‫ﺨ ﹶﺘﻠِ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﺤﻅﹸﻭﺭ‪‬ﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴ‪ ‬ﹾ‬
‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﺃﺴﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﺇﻟـﻴ ِﻬﻡ ﺃﺤـﺩ؛ ﻓـﺈﻨﻬﻡ ﻻ‬
‫ل ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺎﺠ ﹶﺔ‪ ...‬ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻌﻴـﺩﺓ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﻤ‪َ ‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﹸﺒﺯ‪ ،‬ﻴﻀﻌﻭﻨﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤِﺤـﺭﺍﺙ؛‬
‫ﻻﻻﹶﺕ‬
‫ﻴﻜﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺸﺊ؛ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﻷﻗﺯﺍ ‪‬ﻡ ﺩ ﹶ‬
‫ﺝ‬
‫ﻭﻫــﺫﻩ ﺍﻷُﺴــﻁﹸﻭﺭ ﹸﺓ ﹶﻨﻤ‪‬ــﻭ ﹶﺫ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﻴﻥ ﻁﹶﺒﺎﺌِﻌِﻬﻡ ﻭﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻅﱡﺭﻭﻑ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻜﻥ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻻﻨﺘِﻘﺎﻡ ﻤﻨﻪ ﺒﻘﹶﺴـﻭﺓ‪.‬‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺩﺩ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻸﻗﺯﺍﻡ ﻤﻜﺎﻨﺔ ﻤ‪‬ﻤﺘﺎﺯﺓ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻷﺩ ِ‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ـﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓـ‬
‫ـﻔ ٍﺔ ﻋﺎ ‪‬ﻤـ‬
‫ـﻌﺒﻲ ﺒﺼـ‬
‫ﺸـ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻭﻓﺎ ِﺀ ﺍﻟﻁﱠﺒﻴﻌﺔ ﺒﻤﺤﺼـﻭل ﻴ‪‬ﻜـﺎﻓِﺊ‬
‫ﺃﹶﻛﹾﺜﹶﻢ‪ ‬ﺑﻦ‪ ‬ﺻ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﻔِﻲ‪‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ل ﻋﻠﻰ ﻨﻌﻴ ٍﻡ ﻴﻘﺎﺒل ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻤ‪‬ـ َ‬
‫ﺤﺼ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻀﻨِﻲ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺘﻜﺭ‪‬ﺭ ﻓﻲ ﻜل ﻴﻭﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫‪AKTHAM IBN SAIFI‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺭِﻴﺎﺡ ﺒـﻥ ﺍﻟﺤـﺎﺭِﺙ ﺒـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷُﻗﹶﻴ‪‬ﺼِﺮ‬
‫ﺤﻴ‪‬ﺩﺓ )ﺃﻭ ﺃﺒﻭ ﺍﻟﺤﻔﹼﺎﺩ(؛‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﺨﺎﺸِﻥ ﺃﺒﻭ ‪‬‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌ ِﺒﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺒﺼﻔ ٍﺔ ﺨﺎﺼ‪‬ـﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻲ ﻋﺎﺭِﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻤﻥ ﺃﺸﻬﺭﻫﻡ "ﻋﻘﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺒﺎﻉ" ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﻭﺠﺩ ﻓﻲ ﺁﺩﺍﺏ ﻜﺜﻴ ٍﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﱡﻌﻭﺏ‪.‬‬
‫ﺕ ﻤ‪‬ﻼ ِﻤﺤ‪‬ﻬﻡ ﻭﺃﺨﹾﻼﻗﻴ‪‬ـﺎﺘﹸﻬﻡ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻨ ﹾ‬
‫ل ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻘﻭ‪‬ﺍﻤِﻴﻥ‪ ‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺴﺎ ِﺌ ِ‬
‫ﺘﺠﻤﻊ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻭﺭ ِﺓ ﻭﺍﻟ ﹶﻜﻠِﻤﺔ؛ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺫﻟﻙ ﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻗﺯﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﺒﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﺨﺭ‪‬ﺠ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﻭﺍﻟﺕ ﺩﻴﺯﻨـﻲ ﺒﺎﻟﺼ‪‬ـﻭ ِﺭ‬
‫َﺃ ﹾ‬
‫ﺃﻨﺤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴﻤِﻴﻁﹸﻭﺍ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺍ ِﺭﺴ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ ﺤﺎﻭ‪َ ‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺍﻟﻠﱢﺜﺎ ‪‬ﻡ ﻋـﻥ ﻤﻨـﺎﺒ ِﻊ ﻫـﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺨﹶﻴـﺎ ِ‬
‫ل ﺃﺴﻁﻭﺭﻴﺔ ﻵﻟﻬﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺎﺌﻨـﺎﺕ‬
‫ُﺃﺼ‪‬ﻭ ٍ‬
‫ل ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﺨﺎﺭِﻗــﺔ ﺃَﺼــﺎﺒ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻌــﺩِﻴ ُ‬
‫ﻉ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻷﻗﺯﺍﻡ ﻅﺎﻫِﺭﺓ ﹸﺘ َﺅﻜﱢ ‪‬ﺩ ﹸﻨﺯ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺢ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺨﻴﺎل‪ ...‬ﻭﺘﺫﻫﺏ‬
‫ﺠ ﹶﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭﺓ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﺸﹼﺎﻡ‪ .‬ﻭﻜـﺎﻨﻭﺍ‬
‫ﻭﹶﻟﺨﹾﻡ ﻭﺠ‪‬ﺫﺍﻡ ﻭﺃﻫ ِ‬
‫ﻥ ﺭ‪‬ﺀﻭﺴ‪‬ـﻬﻡ‬
‫ﺤِﻠﻘﹸﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﺠ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻙ‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻠﹸـﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺒﻌـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﺍﻴﺎ ﹸ‬
‫ﻕ ﺭﺠل ﻤﻨﻬﻡ‬
‫ﻋﻨﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﻜﻠﻤﺎ ﺤ‪‬ﹶﻠ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻷﻤﺭﺍﺀ ﻭﺸﻴﻭﺥ ﺍﻟﻘﺒﺎﺌـل ﻜـﺎﻨﹸﻭﺍ‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﺭ ﹰﺓ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ل ﺸﹶﻌﺭﺓٍ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﺭ ْﺃﺴ‪‬ﻪ ﺃﻟﻘﻰ ﻤﻊ ﻜ ﱢ‬
‫ﺏ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺃﻗﻭﺍل‬
‫ﻴﻁﻠﺒﻭﻥ ﹸﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼﺤ‪‬ﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﹸ ﹾﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ـ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ـﺎﻥ ﺒﻌ ـ ‪‬‬
‫ـﻕ‪ .‬ﻭﻜـ‬
‫‪‬ﺩﻗِﻴـ‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ْﺄﺜﹸﻭﺭﺓ ﻋـﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﻴـﺎﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ـﺩﺍﻗﺔ‬
‫ﺨ ِﺒﺯ‪‬ﻭﻨﹶـﻪ‬
‫ﻕ ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ﻥ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟـ ‪‬ﺩﻗِﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤﻌ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ‪‬ﻴﺄ ﹸﻜﻠﹸﻭﻨﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﻛﺘﺎﻳﻮﻥ ‪ACTAEON‬‬
‫ـﺎﺀ‪،‬‬
‫ـﻴﻠﹶﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﱢﺴـ‬
‫ﻀـ‬
‫ﺴ ـﻠﹸﻭﻙ ﻭﺍﻟ ﹶﻔ ِ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺨﺼﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺘﹸـ ﹶﺫﻜﱢﺭﻨﺎ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﻜﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬
‫ﺩﺍﺌﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺒﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ ﹸﻟﻘﹾﻤﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ ﹶﻜ ‪‬ﻡ ﻷﻜـﺜﻡ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﺸﹾـ ﹸﺘ ِﻬ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﹸﻨﺴِﺒﺕ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ِ‬
‫ﻥ ﺃﺭﻴﺴـﺘﺎﻴﻭﺱ ‪Aristaeus‬‬
‫ﺍﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻭﺘﻭﻨﻭﻱ ‪ ،Autonoe‬ﻭﺘﹶـ ﹾﺫ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭ ﹸﺓ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺎﻨﻴﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻨﻪ ﻜـﺎﻥ‬
‫ل ﻷﻨﻪ ﺭﺃﻯ‬
‫ل ﺇﻟﻰ ﻭﻋ ٍ‬
‫ﺼﻴ‪‬ﺎﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﻭﺘﹶﺤ ‪‬ﻭ َ‬
‫ﺒﺄﻨﻪ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﻤﺭِﻴﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﺫﻫﺏ ﺇﺤﺩﻯ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﺍﻴﺎﺕ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺃﻨـﻪ ﺩﺨﹶـل ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‪.‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻑ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﺒﻌﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﺫﻫ‪‬ﺏ ﺁﺨﺭﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺤﺭِﻴ ﹸ‬
‫ﺼﻨﹶﻡ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻟﻘﹸﻀﺎﻋﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎ ِﻫِﻠﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﹶـﺩ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ﺤﻭﻟﹶـﻪ ﺃﺨﺒـﺎ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎ ِﻫِﻠ ‪‬‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒِﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺫﻫ‪‬ﺏ ﺒﻌﻀﻬﻡ ﺇﻟﻰ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘﺒ‪‬ـ ِﻊ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﻤ‪‬ﻌﺒ‪‬ـﻭﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻌـﺭﺏ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻜﺎﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﹸﻀـﺎ ِﺓ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﺼـ ِﺭ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺸ ﹸﺘ ِﻬﺭ‪‬ﺕ ﻓـﻲ ﺠﻤﻴـﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺘﹶﺤﺭ‪‬ﻜﺔِ؛ ﻓﺎ ﹾ‬
‫‪AL-OKAISER‬‬
‫ﺴﻴ‪‬ﺩ ﻤﻥ ﻗﺒﻴﻠﺔ ﹶﺘﻤِﻴﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﻥ ُﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁِ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻭ ﻤﻥ ‪‬ﺒ ﹾ‬
‫*ﺩِﻴﺎﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺴ ﹶﺘﺤِ ‪‬ﻡ؛ ﻓﻤﺯ‪‬ﻗﺘﻪ ﻜﻼﺒ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻹﻛﹾﺴِﲑ‬
‫ﻲ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺘﹶﻔﺴـﻴ ِﺭ ﺒﻌـﺽ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌ ِﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﻘ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻅﱠــﻭﺍ ِﻫ ِﺭ ﺍﻟﻁﱠﺒﻴﻌﻴ‪‬ــ ِﺔ ﻭﺍﻟ ﹶﻜ ‪‬ﻭ ِﻨﻴ‪‬ــ ِﺔ‬
‫ﺹ‪ ...‬ﻭﻤﻬﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺴﻴ ِﻡ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﱠﺸـﺨِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﱠﺠ ِ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﺇ ‪‬ﺭﺒ‪‬ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫‪ELIXIR‬‬
‫ـﺎﻥ‬
‫ـﻲ ﻜـ‬
‫ـﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘـ‬
‫ﺴـ‬
‫ـﺎﺩ‪‬ﺓ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜِﻴﻤﻴﺎ ِﺌﻴ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﹸﺩﻤﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻴﻌﺘﻘﺩﻭﻥ ﺃﻨﻬـﺎ‬
‫‪٨٤‬‬
‫ﺤﺠ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺫﻫ‪‬ﺏ‪ .‬ﻭﻫـﻲ ﺘﹸـﺭﺍﺩِﻑ " ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻵﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻭﺴِﻴ ِﻘﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻓـﻲ ﻤﺼـﺭ‬
‫ﻀـ ‪‬ﻊ‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬‬
‫ـﻭﺭﺯ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﺒـ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺒـ ِ‬
‫ـﻭﻕ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓـ‬
‫ﺴﻔﹶﺔ"‪ .‬ﻭﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻹﻜﺴﻴﺭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻔ ﹸﺫ ﺇﻟﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﹶﻼ ِ‬
‫ﺘﹸﺴﻤ‪‬ﻰ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻐﻨﱢﻴﺔ "ﻋﺎﻟِﻤﺔ"‪.‬‬
‫ل ﻫﺫﺍ‬
‫ﻥ * ﺃﻨﺠﺭﺍ ﻤﺎﻴﻨﻴﻭ ِﺒ ِﻔ ‪‬ﻌ ِ‬
‫ﻟﻠﺸﱠﻴﻁﺎ ِ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﻀ ٍﺔ‬
‫ﺨﺴِﻴﺴ ﹶﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ِﻓ ‪‬‬
‫ﺘﹸﺤﻭ‪‬ل ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩِﻥ ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻐ ﱢﻨﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﺃﻭ ﻋﺎ ِﺯﻓﹰﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺇﺤـﺩﻯ‬
‫ﻉ‬
‫ﻁ ‪‬ﻬﻤ‪‬ﻭﺭﺍﺕ ‪ Tohmurath‬ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔ ‪‬ﺯ ‪‬‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﻥ ﻭﻴ‪‬ﺴﺭِﻱ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻜﻤﺎ ﻴ‪‬ﺴـﺭِﻱ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎ ِﺩ ِ‬
‫ﺠﺴ‪‬ـﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﻜﻔـﻲ ﻜﹶﻤﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺼﻐﻴﺭﺓ ﻤﻨﻪ ِﻟﺘﹶﺤﻭِﻴلِ ﻤـﺎ ﻴ‪‬ﻌـﺎ ِﺩ ُ‬
‫ﻥ ﺇﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻭﺯﻨﻬﺎ ﻤﻠﻴﻭﻥ ﻤﺭﺓ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻌ ِﺩ ِ‬
‫ﻅ‬
‫ﺏ‪ .‬ﻭﻻ ﻴﻤﻜــﻥ ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻔــﺎ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﺫﻫ‪‬ــ ٍ‬
‫ﺏ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻹﻜﺴﻴ ِﺭ ﺇﻻ ﻓﻲ ﺁﻨﻴ ٍﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺫﱠﻫ ِ‬
‫ﺃﹶﻟﹾﭙ‪‬ﻤِﺶ ‪ALPAMYSH‬‬
‫ﻼﺤِﻡِ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﻜﻴﺔ ﻓـﻲ ﺃﹶﻟﹾﻒ‪ ‬ﻟﹶﻴ‪‬ﻠﹶﺔٍ ﻭﻟﹶﻴ‪‬ﻠﹶﺔ‬
‫ﺸﻬ‪‬ﺭِ ﺍﻟﻤ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﻤﻥ َﺃ ﹾ‬
‫ﺁﺴﻴﺎ ﺍﻟﻭ‪‬ﺴﻁﹶﻰ‪ .‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺴِـﻴ ِﺭ ﺃﻥ‬
‫‪ARABIAN NIGHTS‬‬
‫ﺦ ﺘﺄﻟِﻴﻔِﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻥ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻨﹸﺤ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﺩ ﺘﺎﺭﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌ ِﺒ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ‬
‫ﺠﻤ‪‬ﻭﻋ ﹲﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎ ِ‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺭﺠ‪‬ﺢ ﺃﻻ ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻗﺩ ﹸﻜ ِﺘﺒ‪‬ـﺕ ﻗﺒـل‬
‫ـﺎ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺒﻴ‪‬ـ ِﺔ ﻻ ﻴ‪‬ﻌـ ‪‬ﺭﻑﹸ ﺘﺎﺭِﻴﺨﹸﻬـ‬
‫ﺃﻭﺍﺌل ﺍﻟﻘـﺭﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺸـﺭ ﺍﻟﻬِﺠـﺭﻱ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﺼﺩﺭ‪‬ﻫﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺠﻪ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺤﻘﻴﻕ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ‬
‫)ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺩِﺱ ﻋﺸﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﻼﺩﻱ(‪.‬‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ل ﻤﻊ‬
‫ﻋُ‬
‫ﻀ ِﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟ ِﺒﻠﱠﻭﺭ؛ ﻷﻨﻪ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺘﻔﹶﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ِﻔ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔﺯ‪‬ﻉِ ﻭﺤﺩﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺯ‪‬ﺠﺎﺝ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺩ ﻓﻲ ﻜﺘﺎﺏ "ﻤﻔـﺎﺘﻴﺢ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ" ﺃﻥ ﺍﻹﻜﺴﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﻫـﻭ ﺍﻟـﺩ‪‬ﻭﺍ ‪‬ﺀ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺼﻬ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ﺇﻟﻰ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻌ ِﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﻭ‪ُ ‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﹶﺫﻫ‪‬ﺏٍ ﺃﻭ ِﻓﻀ‪‬ﺔ ﻋﻨﺩ ﻏﹶﻠﻴﻬﻤﺎ ﻤﻌ‪‬ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﺍﻴﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺏ ﺒﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﹶﺫﻫ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﺤﻴـﺎ ﹶﺓ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻹﻜﺴﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﻤﺎﺩ‪‬ﺓ ﹸﺘﻁِﻴ ُ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻷﻨﻬﺎ ﻁﺎﻟﻤﺎ ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﹸﺤـﻭ‪ُ ‬‬
‫ﺤﻤ‪‬ـ ﹸﺔ ﺤـﻭل‬
‫ﻭﺘﺩﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ﻫـﺫﻩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ ِﺔ‬
‫ﺃﻤﺭﺍﻀِﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴ‪‬ﺤﺎ ِﻓﻅﹸ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺼِـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﺒ‪‬ـﻴﻥ‪،‬‬
‫ﺨﻁِﻴﺒﺔ ﻭ ﹶﺘﻨﹶـﺎﻓﹸﺱ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻥ ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﻁﻭِﻴﻠﺔﹰ‬
‫ﻥ ﺒﺎﻟﻜِﻴﻤﻴﺎ ِﺀ ﹸﻗﺭ‪‬ﻭﻨﹰﺎ ﹶ‬
‫ﺸ ﹶﺘ ِﻐﻠﹸﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾ‬
‫ﻥ ﺘﹶﺤﻀِﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﺇﻜﺴﻴ ِﺭ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎ ِﺓ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﺤﺎ ِﻭﻟﹸﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺝ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻴـﻭﻡ‬
‫ﻭﺜﺎﻨِﻴﻬﻤﺎ ﻋ‪‬ﻭﺩ ﹸﺓ ﺍﻟﺯ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺁﻻﺗِﻲ‬
‫‪MUSICIAN‬‬
‫ﻨِﺴﺒ ﹰﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺁﻻﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻤﻊ ﺁﻻ ِﺘﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻭﺴﻴﻘﻲ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺤﺘﹶـﺭِﻑ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗـﺩ‬
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‫ﺱ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺭﻕ ﻭﺍﻟﻐﺭﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺩﺍﻭﻟﹶﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﹼـﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺝ‬
‫ﺨﻁِﻴ ‪‬ﺒﺘﹸﻪ ﺃﻥ ﹶﺘﺘﹶﺯ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﺘﻭﺸﻙ ﻓﻴﻪ ﹶ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﻜل ﻤﻜـﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻗﺘﺒﺴـﻭﺍ ﻤﻨﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺹ ﺁﺨﹶﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺸﺨ ٍ‬
‫‪ALBURZ‬‬
‫ﺕ ﻭﻤﺴـﺭﺤﻴﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻗِﺼﺼ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﺭِﻭﺍﻴـﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﺱ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻷﺴـﺎﻁِﻴ ِﺭ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻘﺩ‪ ‬‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺒ ُ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎ ِﺭﺴِﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻤﺔ؛ ﻭﻫﻭ ﺃﻭ‪‬ل ﺠﺒـل‬
‫ـﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺱ ﻭﺍﻟ ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﻤـ‬
‫ـﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸـ‬
‫ـﻪ ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺩﺍﺭﺕ ﺤﻭﻟـ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﱡﻭﺭ ﻴﺴﻁﹶﻊ ﻤﻨﻪ ﻭﻴﻌﻭﺩ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻭﻻ‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻠ ‪‬ﻬﻤ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﻤﻨﻬﺎ ﻗِﻁﻌ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫ﻭﺃُﻭﺒﺭﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﻭﺴﻴﻘ ‪‬ﻴ ﹰﺔ ﺭﺍﺌﻌ ﹰﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻁﺒ‪‬ﻌ ٍﺔ ﻋﺭﺒﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ل ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻅﻬﺭﺕ َﺃﻭ‪ُ ‬‬
‫ﺃﻟﻑ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻓـﻲ ﻜﻠﻜﺘـﺎ ﻋـﺎﻡ‬
‫‪ ،١٨١٨‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﻨ ﹸﻘﺼ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﻨﺤﻭ ﻤﺎﺌﺘﻲ‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﻅﻼﻡ ﻓﻭﻕ ﺍﻟﺠﺒل ﻨﻔﺴﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﹶـﺫﻫ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭ ﹸﺓ ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ﺎ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻤﻴﺜﹾـﺭﺍ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﺒـﻭﺭﺯ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺒ ِ‬
‫ﺨ ﹶﺫ ﻤﻥ ‪‬‬
‫‪ Mithra‬ﺍ ﱠﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﻁلﱡ ﻤﻨﻪ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﻟﻌـﺎﹶﻟﻡِ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﺴﻜﻨﹰﺎ ﻟﻪ ‪‬ﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺸِﺘﻴ‪‬ﺔ‬
‫ﺴﺭِﻩ‪ .‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭ ِﺓ ﺍﻟﺯ‪‬ﺭﺍ ‪‬ﺩ ﹾ‬
‫ﺒَﺄ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﺨﺭ‪‬ﺠ‪ ‬ﹾ‬
‫ل ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﹶ‬
‫ﺇﻥ ﺠﻤﻴ ‪‬ﻊ ﺍﻟﺠِﺒﺎ َِ‬
‫ﻙ‬
‫ﺠ ﹾﺫ ِﺭ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺠﺒل‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻘﺩ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻤﻠﱠـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ِ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻴﺎﻟﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺒﺭﺴﻼﻭ‬
‫ﻁ ِﺒ ‪‬ﻌ ِ‬
‫ﻟﻴﻠﺔ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﹸ‬
‫ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ١٨٢٥‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﻴﺩ ﻤﺎﻜﺴـﻴﻤﻠﻴﺎﻥ‬
‫ـﻡ ُﺃﻋِﻴ ـ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ـﺕ ‪ ،Habicht‬ﺜـ‬
‫ﻫﺎﺒﺨـ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺨ ﹶﺘﻠِﻔﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺕ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾ‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺭﻜﱠﺒﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ﺍﻫﺘﻡ ﺒﺎﻟﻠﱠﻴﺎﻟِﻲ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻭﻥ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ل ﺤﻴﺎﺘﹶﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻗـﺩ ﻅﹶـ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺭ ِﺀ ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﻁِﻴ ُ‬
‫ﻲ ﺁﺨﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﺩﺒ ‪‬‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺩﻭﺍﺀ ﻨﺎﺠِﻊ ‪‬ﻴﺸﹾـﻔِﻲ ﺍﻟﺠِﺴـ ‪‬ﻡ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﻉ ﻤﺎ ﻟﻡ ﻴﺤﻅ ﺒﻪ ﺃﻱ ﻋﻤـ ٍ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ﱡﺫﻴ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋِﻴﻥ ﻗﺩﻴﻤﻴﻥ؛ ﺃﻭ‪‬ﻟﻬﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎ ِﺩ ‪‬ﻥ ﺍﻟ ﹶﺨﺴِﻴﺴ ﹶﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﹶﺫﻫ‪‬ﺏٍ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﹾﺒ‪‬ﻮﺭ‪‬ﺯ‬
‫ﻋﻴ‪‬ﻭﺒِﻬﺎ؛ ﻓﺈﻨﻬﺎ ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫ﺨﻠﱢﺼﻬﺎ ﻤﻥ ‪‬‬
‫ﹸﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﻨﺎﻟﹶﺕ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﱡـﻬﺭ ِﺓ‬
‫ﻁﹶﺒﻌ‪‬ﻬــﺎ ﻓــﻲ ﻜﻠﻜﺘــﺎ )‪– ١٨٣٩‬‬
‫ﺕ ﻤﺨﺘﻠِﻔﺔ ﻟﻬﺫﺍ‬
‫ﻁﺒ‪‬ﻌﺎ ﹲ‬
‫‪ .(١٨٤٢‬ﻭ ﹶﺜ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺔ ﹶ‬
‫ﻕ ﻋﺎﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ؛ ﺃَﺸﻬﺭ‪‬ﻫﺎ ﻁﹶﺒﻌﺔ ﺒﻭﻻ ِ‬
‫ﺕ ﺃﻭﺭﻭﺒـﺎ ﻫـﺫﻩ‬
‫‪ ،١٨٣٥‬ﻭﻋ‪‬ﺭ‪ ‬ﹶﻓ ﹾ‬
‫‪٨٥‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻨﺴﻴﺔ ِﻟﻠﱠﻴﺎﻟﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻗـﺎ ‪‬ﻡ ﺒﻬـﺎ‬
‫"ﺃﻟﻑ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﻠﺔ"‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﺭ‪‬ﻯ ﺠﺎﻻﻥ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺴﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﺴﻤﻪ "ﻫـﺯﺍﺭ‬
‫ﻓﻴﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻜِﺘﺎﺒ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﺎ ِﺭ ِ‬
‫ﺃَﻨﻁـــﻭﺍﻥ ﺠـــﺎﻻﻥ )‪– ١٦٤٦‬‬
‫ل ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﻫِﻨﺩﻱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻘﻭل‬
‫ﺼَ‬
‫َﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺃﻓﺴﺎﻨﻪ" )ﺃﻟﻑ ﺨﺭﺍﻓـﺔ( ﻫـﻭ ﺃﻭ‪ُ ‬‬
‫ﺸﺭ‪‬ﺕ ﻓﻲ ﻋﺸﺭﺓ‬
‫‪(١٧١٥‬؛ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﹸﻨ ِ‬
‫ﭭﻭﻥ ﻫﺎﻤﺭ ﺇﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻨﺼ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬
‫ﻑ ﻫﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺼ ﹸ‬
‫ﻋﻤ‪‬ل ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺨﹸﺭﺍﻓﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪ ،١٧١٢‬ﻭﻅﻬﺭ ﻤﻨﻬـﺎ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠـﺩﺍﻥ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ‪‬ﻭﺠ‪‬ﻭ ِﺩ ﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺒﺎﺴﻡ ﺃﻟـﻑ ﻟﻴﻠـﺔ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ـﻲ ﺭﻭﺍﻴـ‬
‫ـﺔ ﻓـ‬
‫ـﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎ ‪‬ﻤـ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻁﱠﺭﻴﻘـ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻡ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﺴـﻴﺔ ﺃَﻴـﺎ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﺘﹸﺭ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺩ ﻓﻲ ﻜﺘـﺎﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺄﻤﻭﻥ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺼﻭﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻥ ﹸﻜ ﹸﺘﺒ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﻨـﺩﻴﻡ‬
‫"ﺃﻟﻑ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﻠﺔ" ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﺭ‪‬ﻯ ﺍﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ ﻤﺜﻠﻪ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻤﻌﺭﻭﻓﺔﹰ؛ ﻤﺜـل‬
‫ﺙ ﺒﺎﺭِﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﻏ ﱞ‬
‫ﺏ ﹶ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻜِﺘﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻑ ﻟﻠﺤﻜﺎﻴـ‬
‫ـﺎ ﹶ‬
‫ـﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃَﻀـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺭﺠﻤـ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺃﺩﻤِﺠـﺕ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺇﺩﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻟِﻴﻥ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻤ َﺅﻟﱢﻑ ﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺃﻟﻑ‬
‫ﻏ ‪‬ﻴﺭ‪ ‬ﻓﻴﻬـﺎ ﺤﺘـﻰ‬
‫ﻭﺤﺫﹶﻑ ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶ‬
‫ﺸﺭ‪ ‬ﺘﺭﻴﺒﻭﺘﻴﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﹶﻨ ﹶ‬
‫ﺹ ﻭﺍﺤِـﺩ؛ ﻷﻨﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﺸﺨ ‪‬‬
‫ﻕ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺒﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﻜﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺘﹸﻼ ِﺌ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟﺫﱠﻭ ﹶ‬
‫ﺽ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺩﻤﺔ‬
‫ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭﺠ‪‬ﻤ‪ ‬ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻪ ِﻟﻠﱠﻴﺎﻟﻲ ﺘﻌ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻅﺭ‪‬ﻭﻓﹰﺎ ﺍﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴـﺔ ﹶﺘ ﱠﺘﺴِـ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﺼﻭ‪ ‬ﺭ ﹸ‬
‫ﹸﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤﺘﹸـ ‪‬ﻪ‬
‫ﺕ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁ ‪‬ﺒﻌِﻪ؛ ﹶﻓﺤ‪‬ﻅِﻴـ ﹾ‬
‫ﻗﺎﺼ‪‬ﺎ ﺒِ ﹶ‬
‫ل ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴـﺎﺕ ﻭﻗـﺎل ﺇﻥ‬
‫ﻷﺼ ِ‬
‫ل ﺇﻤﺎ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻟﻬﻨﺩ‬
‫ﺒﻌﻀﻬﺎ ﻗﺩﻴﻡ ﺠﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﹸﻨﻘِ َ‬
‫ﻕ ﻭﺍﻻ ﹾﻨﺴِـﺠﺎﻡِ‪ ،‬ﻭﻷﻥ ﻫـﺫﻩ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﹼﻭﺍ ﹸﻓ ِ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﻻ ﺘﹸﻭﺠ‪‬ﺩ ﻓﻲ ﻤ‪‬ﺼـﻨﱠﻔﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺴــﺘﻬﻭﺕ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻴــﺎﻟِﻲ ﺸﹸــﻌ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﻓﻴﻪ‬
‫ﺃﻭ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ؛ ﻭﻫﻲ ﻨﻭﻋﺎﻥ‪ :‬ﺍﻷﻭ‪ُ ‬‬
‫ﻋﺼ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﺩ ﻟِﻴﻥ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﺭﺒﻴﺔ ﻗﺩﻴﻤﺔ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺎ‬
‫ـﻰ ﻟﹸﻐﺎﺘِﻬـ‬
‫ـﺎ ﺇﻟـ‬
‫ـﺎ؛ ﻓﻨﻘﻠﺘﻬـ‬
‫ﺃﻭﺭﻭﺒـ‬
‫ﻑ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺴـﻠﻴﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺨﹶﻴﺎل ﻭﻤ‪‬ﺒﺎﻟﹶﻐﺔ ﻴ‪‬ﻬ ِﺩ ﹸ‬
‫ﺝ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻭﺭ ِﺓ ﺍﻷﺨﻴـﺭﺓ ﻟﻜﺘـﺎﺏ‬
‫ﺇﺨﺭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺨﺘﻠِﻔﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻﻗﺕ ﻫـﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺘﱠـﺭﺍﺠﻡ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺜﹼﺎﻨﻲ ﻴﻘـﺩ‪‬ﻡ ﻟﻠﻨـﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻋﻅـﺔ‬
‫"ﺃﻟﻑ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﻠﺔ" ﺒﺄﻨـﻪ ‪‬ﻴﻘﹶـ ‪‬ﻊ ﺒـﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺒﺩﻭﺭﻫﺎ ﻨﺠﺎﺤ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻅﻴﻤ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﺃﺸﻬﺭ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌِﺒﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻨﻬﺎ ﻤﺎ ﻫـﻭ ﻋﺭﺒـﻲ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﻕ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺭﺠﻤـ ِﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﻋﻥ ﻁﺭﻴـ ِ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺃﺼـ ِ‬
‫ﺤﺜﹸﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ﺍﺨﺘﻠﹶﻑ ﺍﻟﺒﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤﻤﺩ ﺒﻥ ﺇﺴﺤﻕ ﺍﻟﻨﺩﻴﻡ ﻭﻗﺩ ﺠـﺎ ‪‬ﺀ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﺠﻠﱠﺩﺍﺕ ﺒـﻴﻥ ﻋـﺎﻤﻲ ‪ ١٧٠٤‬ﻭ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺩﻱ ﻋﺸﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻲ ﻋﺸﺭ ﻋـﺎﻡ‬
‫‪ ١٧١٧‬ﺒﻌﺩ ﻭﻓﺎﺓ ﺠﺎﻻﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻡ ﺘﻜﻥ‬
‫ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺭﺠﻤﺔ ﺃﻤﻴﻨ ﹰﺔ ﻟﻸﺼل؛ ﻓﻘـﺩ‬
‫ﻉ ﻭﺍﻻ ﹾﻨ ِﺘﺸﹶﺎ ِﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟ ﱡﺫﻴ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫" ‪‬ﻤﺭ‪‬ﻭﺝ ﺍﻟﺫﱠﻫﺏ" ﻟﻠﻤﺴﻌﻭﺩﻱ ﻴﺸـﻴﺭ‬
‫ﻜِﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻨﺩﺒﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺸﻤﺎﺱ ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫﻤﺎ‬
‫ﻕ ﺍﻹﻨﺠﻠﻴـﺯﻱ‬
‫ﺸ ِﺭ ﹸ‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹾ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﺭ‪‬ﻯ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺘﺼﺭ‪‬ﻑ ﺠـﺎﻻﻥ ‪ Galland‬ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻕ ﻤﻥ ﺤﻴﺙ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺩ‪‬ﻤـﺔ‬
‫ﻁﺒِ ﹸ‬
‫ﺏ ﻴ‪ ‬ﹾﻨ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜِﺘﺎ ِ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺱ ﻋﺸـ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﺃﻭﺍﺨﺭ ﺍﻟﻘـﺭﻥ ﺍﻟﺨـﺎ ِﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭﺠِﻤِﻴﻥ ﻟﻬـﺫﺍ ﺍ َ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﻷﺜﹶـ ِﺭ ﺍﻷ ‪‬ﺩﺒِـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺼل ﻭﻤﺎ ﻫﻭ ﻤﺼﺭﻱ ﻴ‪‬ﺼـﻭ‪ ‬ﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻅِﻴﻡ ﭭﻭﻥ ﻫﺎﻤﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﭭﺎﻴل‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﺎﻨﻨﺞ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎ ﹶﺓ ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴـﺔ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟـﺩ‪‬ﻴﺎ ِﺭ‬
‫ﻭﺠﺭﻴﻔﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺭﻴﺒﻭﺘﻴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺠﻭﻨﺎﺜـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻱ‬
‫ﺽ ﺩﻭﺴﺎﺴﻲ ﺭ‪‬ﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻋﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴﻜﻭﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻨﺭﻱ ﺘﻭﺭﻨﺯ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﺩﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬
‫ﭭﻭﻥ ﻫﺎﻤﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺸﻜﱠﻙ ﻓـﻲ ﺼـﺤﺔ‬
‫ل ﻟﻴﺘﻤﺎﻥ‪ :‬ﺇﻥ ﺼﻭﺭ ﹰﺓ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﻘﹸﻭ ُ‬
‫ﻟﻴﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﺭﺠﻤﺔ ﻫـﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺸـﺭﻕ‬
‫ﺹ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻌﻭﺩﻱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺭﺠ‪‬ﺢ ﺃﻥ ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬
‫ﹶﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻋ ِﺭ ﹶﻓ ﹾ‬
‫ﻜﺘﺎﺏ "ﺃﻟﻑ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﻠﺔ" ‪‬‬
‫ﺱ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﻼﺩﻱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻭﺍﺌل ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻥ ﺍﻟﺴـﺎﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﻥ ﻟِﻴﻥ ‪‬ﻭﻁﹶـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﺸ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﻼﺩﻱ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺼﻨﱢﻑ ﺒﺄﻨﻪ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻸﺼ‪‬ل‪ .‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﻋـﺎﻡ ‪ ١٨٨٢‬ﻗـﺎ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺍﺴ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟﻜِﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺩ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺹ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻥ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻲ ﻋﺸﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﻼﺩﻱ‪ ،‬ﺜـﻡ‬
‫ﺠﻭﻥ ﭙﺎﻴﻥ ﺒﺘﺭﺠﻤﺔ ﺇﻨﺠﻠﻴﺯﻴﺔ ﻜﺎﻤِﻠﺔ‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﻨﺸﹶﺭ ﭭﻭﻥ ﻫﺎﻤﺭ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ١٨٣٩‬ﻨﺼ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﺃﺨﺫﺕ ﺘﻨﻤﻭ ﻭ ﹶﺘﺘﹶﻜﺎ ﹶﺜ ‪‬ﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﻴـﺎﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻠﻨﱠﺹ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺭ‪‬ﺒﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻋﺘ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺩ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺁﺨﺭ ‪‬ﻴ َﺅﻴ‪ ‬ﺩ ﺒﻪ ﻭِﺠﻬ ﹶﺔ ﹶﻨ ﹶ‬
‫ﻅﺭِﻩ‪ .‬ﻭﻫـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺹ ﺍﻟﺯ‪‬ﻫـ ِﺩ‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﺭ‪‬ﻯ ﻟﻴﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﺃﻥ ِﻗ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁﺒ‪‬ﻌﺎﺕ ﻜﻠﻜﺘﺎ ﻭﺒﺭﺴﻼﻭ ﻭﺒﻭﻻﻕ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺹ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺩ ﻓﻲ ﻜﺘـﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻔﻬﺭﺴـﺕ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ل ﻫِﻨـﺩﻱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭﻫﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺼـ ٍ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺨﻴﺭ ﺘﻜﺎﺩ ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﺘﺭﺠﻤ ﹰﺔ ﺃﻤﻴﻨـ ﹰﺔ‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫ﺃﺤﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﺴ‪‬ﺎﺨِﻴﻥ ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ ﺃﻀـﺎ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻴﺔ ﺤـﻭل ﻤﻨﺘﺼـﻑ‬
‫‪٨٦‬‬
‫ﺴﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻥ‬
‫ل ﻓﺎ ِﺭ ِ‬
‫ﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺼ ٍ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﱠﻴﺎﻁِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺤِﺩ"‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﺭ‪‬ﻯ ﺃﻨﻪ ﻻ ‪‬ﺒﺩ‪ ‬ﻤﻥ ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬
‫ﺠﺴ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﻁﹶﻠﺏِ ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﺩل‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹸﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﻌﺒ‪‬ﺭ ﻋﻥ ﹶ‬
‫ﻲ ﻗﺩﻴﻡ‬
‫ل ﺒﺎﺒﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻗِﺼﺼ‪‬ﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺼ ٍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺼﺹ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﹶﺘﺘﹶﻘﺎﺒ‪‬ل‪ ،‬ﻭﺒـﺎﻟﻘﺭﺍﺌﻥ‬
‫ﺠﺎ ِﻨﺒ‪‬ﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺨﻁ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺍ ِﻗ ِﻊ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎﺓِ‪،‬‬
‫ﻤﺜل ِﻗﺼ‪‬ﺔ ﺒﻠﻭﻗﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭ ِﻗﺼ‪‬ـﺔ ﻤﺩﻴﻨـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺒﺎﺸِﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﹶﺤ ِﻤﻠﹸﻬﺎ ﺒﻴﻥ ﻁﻴ‪‬ﺎﺘِﻬـﺎ‬
‫ل ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫ﺨُ‬
‫ﻭﺇﻥ ﻟﻡ ﹶﺘ ﹾ‬
‫ﺤﻭل ﺍﻟﺨﹸﻠﻔﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻷﺜﺭﻴـﺎﺀ؛ ﻓﺈﻨﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺤﻭ‪‬ل ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻷﺼـل ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻤ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﻕ ﺠﺭﻭﻨﻴﺒﺎﻭﻡ‬
‫ﺸ ِﺭ ﹸ‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹾ‬
‫ﻑ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﻀﺎ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺼ‪‬ﻭﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻭﺼﻭﻟﻪ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ـﻭﺭ ِﺓ‬
‫ﺒﻴﺌ ﹰﺔ ﺃﺨﺭﻯ ‪‬ﺯﻋ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻡ ﺃﻨﻬـﺎ ﻴﻭﻨﺎﻨﻴـﺔ‬
‫ـﺘﹶﻁﺎﻉ‪‬‬
‫ـﺩ ﺍﺴــ‬
‫ـﺭﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﻗــ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺨﻴــ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺼل‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺒﻨﹶﻰ ﺭﺃﻴﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻭﺍﺯ‪ ‬ﹶﻨﺔِ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﺃﻭﻴﺴﺘﺭﻭﺏ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺯ ﺃﺭ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻊ ﺒﻴﺌـﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﺒﻴﻥ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﺭِﺩﺓ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺠ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ ﺘﹶﺯﺨﹶـ ‪‬ﺭ ﺒـﺎﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﹸﺭﺍﻓﹶﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩٍ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻅﺎ ِﻫ ‪‬ﺭ ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﻟﻴﺴﺕ ﻟ ‪‬ﻤ َﺅﱢﻟﻑٍ‬
‫ﺙ ﻋـﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻴ‪‬ـﺎﻕ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﱡـﻁﹼﺎﺭ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘﺤ‪ ‬ﺩ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱡﺤﺎﺱ‪ .‬ﺃﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘـﺩﻭﺭ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫‪‬ﺒﻐﹾﺩﺍ ِﺩﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻷﺼلِ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻤـﺎ ﻗِﺼـﺹ‬
‫ﺸﻁﹼﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﱠﻭﺍﺩِﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺠِـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁ ‪‬ﺭ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻴﺴ‪‬ﻴ ِ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺒﻭﺴﺎﻁﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻌﺎﻭِﻴﺫ؛ ﻓﻬﻲ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺼـ ٍ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺤﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺨﹶﻭﺍﺭِﻕ‪.‬‬
‫ﺼلِ ﻭﻜﹶﻴﻔﻴ‪‬ﺔ‬
‫ﻷ ‪‬‬
‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﺍﻟﻭﺼﻭل ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍ َ‬
‫ﻤِﺼﺭﻱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺭﺒﻤﺎ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻟﻬﺎ ﺠ‪‬ـﺫﹸﻭﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻴﺎﻟِﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺎﺕ ﻫﻲ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﺒِﻴﺌـﺔ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﻴ‪‬ﻭﻨـﺎﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻭ ﻴﻘﺎ ِﺭﺒ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻷﺩ ِ‬
‫ِﻓ ‪‬ﺭﻋ‪‬ﻭ ِﻨﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻜﻤﺎ ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﺤﺎل ﻓﻲ ﺤﻜﺎﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺢ ﺃﻨﻬـﺎ َﺃﻗﹾـ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻬِﻨﺩﻴ‪‬ﺔ؛ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻴ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭﺠ‪ ‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘَﺄﺨﱢﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻲ ﺍﻟﺯ‪‬ﻴﺒ‪‬ﻕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﺃَﺸﺎﺭ‪ ‬ﻨﻭﻟﺩﻜﻪ ﺇﻟﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒِﻴﺌﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘـﻲ ﺘﺴـﺘﻬﺩﻑ ﻤﻨـﻊ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻬﻤﺎ ﻴﻜﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺸﻲﺀ؛ ﻓﺈﻥ ﻫﺫﻩ‬
‫ﺼ ِﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻋﻭﻨﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺩ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ِﻘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﹸﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺭﺩ‬
‫ـﻭﺭ ﺒﺴـ‬
‫ـﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻬـ‬
‫ـﺎﻥ ﻤـ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴـ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻷﻤﺜﺎلِ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻀ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺤﺴ‪‬ﻥِ ﺍﻷﺤـﻭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺤﻜﺎﻡ ﹶﺘﻘﹸﻭ ‪‬ﻡ ﻓﻲ َﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﺙ‬
‫ﺤ ﹸ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺭﺠِﻴﺢ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﻴ‪‬ﺴﺘﻁِﻴ ‪‬ﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺸﺒﻴﺠﻠﺒﺭﺝ ﺇﻥ ِﻗﺼ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟﻘِﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺘِـﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻭﺍ ِﻫ ِﺩ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻘﺩ‪‬ﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻴﺎﻟﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻥ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﻴﻘﻁﹶﻊ ﺒﻬﺎ؛ ﻭﺫﻟـﻙ ﺒـﺎﻋﺘﺭﺍﻑ‬
‫ﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺤِﻜﺎﻴ ِﺔ "ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻌﻠﹸﻭﻙ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺩ ﹾ‬
‫ﺕ ﺃﺴﻤﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻓﺎﺭﺴـﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺤِﻜﺎﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺨ ﹶﺫ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍ ﱠﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺨﺼ‪‬ﺼﻴﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺍﺭِﺴﻴﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻲ" ﻓﻲ ِﻗﺼ‪‬ﺔ "ﺍﻟﺤﻤ‪‬ﺎل ﻭﺍﻟﺜﹼﻼﺙ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﺒ‪‬ﻐﺎﺀ ﺍﻷﺭﻴﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻤ‪ ‬ﹶﻨﻌ‪‬ﺕِ ﺍﻟﺯﻭ‪‬ﺠ ﹶﺔ‬
‫ﺒ‪‬ﻨﺎﺕ" ﺘﹸﺫﻜﱢﺭﻨﺎ ﺒﻨـﻭﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺼـﺭﻱ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺨِﻴﺎﻨﺔ ﺯ‪‬ﻭﺠِﻬﺎ ﺒﺎﻟ ِﻘﺼ‪‬ﺹ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒﻴﺌﺔ‬
‫ﻗﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﺇﻥ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻔﺭ‪‬ﻉ ﺍﻟﺤﻜﺎﻴـﺎﺕ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺨﹶﺼﺎﺌِﺹِ ﺍﻟﻬِﻨﺩ ﻭﻓـﺎﺭِﺱ؛ ﻭﻫـﺫﻩ‬
‫ﻁﺭِﻴﻘﺔ ﺸـﺎﺌِﻌﺔ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻤﻘﺩﻤﺔ )ﻭﻫﺫﻩ ﹶ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﻁﱠﺒﻘ ﹶﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻭﺭﺠﻭﺍﺯﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻤﺜﱢ ُ‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﻱ( ﻟﻪ ﺃﺸﻴﺎﺀ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷ ‪‬ﺩ ِ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﻬِﻨﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷ ‪‬ﺩ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻬﺩ ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻤﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﺘﻘﹸﻭ ‪‬ﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟ ِﻘ ‪‬ﻴ ِﻡ‬
‫ﻟﻸﺸﻜﺎل ﻭﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻀﺎﻤِﻴﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﻼﻗـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻱ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻘﺩِﻴﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤِﺼﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸﺨﹸﻭﺼ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﹸﺘﺠ‪‬ﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻁﹶﻠﻘﹶﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹸ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻬﻭﺭﺓ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﺕ ﻓﻴﻬـﺎ ﺤِﻜﺎﻴـﺎ ﹸ‬
‫ﺠﻤ‪‬ـ ﹾ‬
‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠِﻔﺔ ﹶﻨ ‪‬‬
‫"ﺃﻟﻑ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﻠﺔ"‪ ،‬ﻭﺒﻴﻥ ﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻴﺸﹾـ ِﺒﻬ‪‬ﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻤﺔ ﻜﹶﻨﺯ ﺭﺍﻤﺒﺴـﻴﻨﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﻗـﺎل‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺼﻭ‪ ‬ﺭ ﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﹰﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻫﻴﺌﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻊ ﺒﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺤﻠﹾﻘ ﹲﺔ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﻐﺩﺍﺩﻴﺔ ‪‬ﻤﻬ‪‬ﺩﺕ ﻟﻬﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻅﻬ‪‬ﺭﺕ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺼﺭ ﺩِﺭﺍﺴـ ﹲﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ﹶ‬
‫ﺠﺎﻤِﻌ ﹲﺔ ﺠﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﹲﺓ ﻋـﻥ ﻫـﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻜِﺘـﺎﺏ‬
‫ﺕ ﺁﺭﺍ ‪‬ﺀ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺎﺒِﻘﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻋﺘﻤـﺩﺕ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌ ﹾ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﻘـ ِﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻭﺍﺯ‪‬ﻨـﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺠِ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ِﻤ ﹾﻨ ‪‬ﻬ ِ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻓﺎﺩ‪‬ﺕ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻔﺴـﻴ ِﺭ ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤـﺎﻋ ‪‬‬
‫ل "ﺃﻟﻑ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﻠﺔ"‪،‬‬
‫ﺴ‪‬ﺒﻘﹸﻭﻩ ﻓﻲ ﺃﺼ ِ‬
‫ﻭﺘﺄﺘﻲ ﺒﻌ ‪‬ﺩ ﺫﻟﻙ ﺒﻴﺌﺘﺎﻥ ﻤِﺼـ ِﺭﻴ‪‬ﺘﺎﻥ؛‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﻜﺘﻭﺭﺓ ﺴﻬﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻤﺎﻭﻱ‪.‬‬
‫ﺜﻡ ﻴﻘـﻭل‪ :‬ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻴـﺎﻟﻲ ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋـﺔ‬
‫ـﻭل‬
‫ـﻰ ﺤـ‬
‫ـﺎﺕ ﺍﻷ ‪‬ﻭﹶﻟـ‬
‫ﺘﹶـﺩﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ﺤِﻜﺎﻴـ‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻷﺩﺒﺎﺀ ﺃﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﻬﺫﱢﺒﻭﺍ‬
‫ل ﺒﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺤﺎﻭ‪َ ‬‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺩﺩ‪‬ﻫﺎ ﻭﺘﹶﺭﺘِﻴﺒ‪‬ﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﻑ ‪‬‬
‫ﺹ ﻴ‪‬ﺨﺘِﻠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺼ ٍ‬
‫ِﻗ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺭﺼﺎﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺤﺭ ﻭﺘﻐﻴ‪‬ـﺭ ﺍﻵﺜـﺎﺭ‬
‫ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺃﻭ ﻴ‪‬ﻌﻴﺩ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﺼﻴﺎﻏﹶﺘﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒﺎﺨﺘِﻼﻑ ﺍﻟﻨﱡﺴﺦ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﹸﻠﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺇﻁـﺎ ٍﺭ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻬ‪‬ﻴﺎﻜِل ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻤِﻀﺔ‪ ،‬ﺃﻤـﺎ ﺍﻟﺜﹼﺎﻨِﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺩلﱡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻜﺘﺎﺏ "ﺃﻟﻑ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺽ ﺃﻭﻴﺴﺘﺭﻭﺏ ﺁﺭﺍ ‪‬ﺀ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻌ ِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ ﹲﺔ ﺭ‪‬ﻭﻤﺎﻨﺴـﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺴ‪‬‬
‫ﺘﹶﻀﺤﻴﺎﺕ ﻟﻬﺎ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌ ِﺒ ‪‬ﻴﺔِ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺎﻤ‪‬ـﺕ ﺒﻬـﺫﻩ‬
‫‪٨٧‬‬
‫ﺱ‬
‫ـﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺎﻡ ﺇﺤﺴـ‬
‫ـﻰ ﺍﻹﻟﻬـ‬
‫ﺤ ِﻔـ ‪‬ﺯ ﺇﻟـ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻼ‬
‫ﺼﻤ‪ ‬ﻡ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺘﻜـﻭﻥ ﺴـﺒﻴ ﹰ‬
‫ﹸﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﻘﱢﻕ ﻟﻪ ﻤﺎ ﻴﺭﻴﺩ ﻜﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻜﺎﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﻤﺎﻫِﻴ ِﺭ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻘﺭ‪‬ﺍ ِﺀ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒـﻲ‬
‫ﺹ ﺒﻨﺎﺕ ﺠِﻨﺴِﻬﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺸﻬﺭﻴﺎﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ ِ‬
‫"ﻤﻌﺭﻭﻑ ﺍﻹﺴﻜﺎﻓﻲ"‪ .‬ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘﺭ‪ ‬ﺩ ‪‬ﺩ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺒﺤﺎﺠﺘﻬﻡ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤِﻠﺤ‪‬ﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻨﺴﺨﺔ ﻜﺎﻤﻠـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻜﺫﺍ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺒﺩ‪‬ﺃ ﺸﻬﺭﺯﺍﺩ ﻟﻴﺎﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺍﺌﻌﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺤﺎﻟﹶﺕ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻙ ﻭﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ‪‬ﻬﻭ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ل‬
‫ـﺔ ﻤِﺜ ـ ُ‬
‫ﺕ ﺨﺎﺭِﻗـ‬
‫ﺕ ﺃﺩﻭﺍ ﹲ‬
‫ـﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴـ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ـﻲ ﺤِﻜﺎﻴـ‬
‫ـﺎﺌِﺭ ﻓـ‬
‫ﻁـ‬
‫ـﺎﻥ ﺍﻟ ﹼ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤِﺼـ‬
‫ﹶﻨﻬ‪‬ﺽ‪ ‬ﺍﻷﺴﺘﺎﺫ ﺃﺤﻤﺩ ﺭﺸﺩﻱ ﺼﺎﻟﺢ‬
‫ﺤﺭﺍﻑ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻻ ﹾﻨ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻌﻠﹸﻭﻙ ﺍﻟﺜﹼﺎﻟﺙ ﻤﻥ ﻗﺼﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﻤ‪‬ﺎل‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻴﻠﺔ" ﻻ ﻴﺯﺍل ﺤﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﻴ‪‬ﺜﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ َ‪،‬‬
‫ﺝ ﻤﻥ ﺸﻬﺭﺯﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬
‫ﻭﺃﺨﻴﺭﹰﺍ ﻴﺘﺯ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻲ ﻴ‪‬ـ ْﺄ ﹶﺘ ِﻤ ‪‬ﺭ ﺒـﺄﻤﺭِﻩ‪،‬‬
‫ﺠﻨﱢـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﻴﻅﻬﺭ ﻟﻪ ِ‬
‫ﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﻗـﺩ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘـﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻌـﺎﹶﻟ ِﻤ ‪‬‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﻕ‬
‫ل ﻋﻠﻰ ﺘﺤﻘﻴـ ِ‬
‫ﺒﻬﺫﻩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ِﻬﻤ‪‬ﺔ؛ ﹶﻓﻌ‪‬ﻤِ َ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏِ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻤﻬﻴ ِﺩ ﻟﻪ ﺒﺩﺭﺍﺴ ٍﺔ ﺘﹸﻌﺭ‪‬ﻑ‬
‫ﺕ ﺘـﺄﺜﻴﺭِﻩ‪،‬‬
‫ﺒﻪ ﻭﺒﺘﺎﺭﻴﺨﻪِ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﺠﺎﻻ ِ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺠ‪‬‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬ﺭ ﺒـﺎﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻭ"ﺃﻟﻑ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﻠﺔ" ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺯ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻼﺙ ﺒﻨﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭ"ﺠﺭﺍﺏ ﺠـﻭﺩﺭ"‬
‫ﻥ ﺇﻤﺎ‬
‫ﺠ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﻔﺎﺭِﻴﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺨﹶﻭﺍﺭِﻕ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﻤﺩﻩ ﺒﻤﺎ ﻴﺸﺘﻬﻲ ﻤﻥ ﻁﻌـﺎﻡ‪،‬‬
‫ﻑ ﺇﻟﻰ ﹶﻨﺠ‪‬ﺩ ِﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﻁل ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬
‫ﺨ ﱡ‬
‫ﺨﻴ‪‬ﺭﺓ ﹶﺘ ِ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ل ﺒﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺴُ‬
‫ﻭﻁﺎ ِﻗﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻹﺨﻔﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻴ‪ ‬ﹶﺘﻭ‪ ‬‬
‫ﺸﺭ‪‬ﻴﺭﺓ ﹶﺘﻀ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﻴﺘَﺄﺯ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻑ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻻ ِﺒﺴ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﻟﻼﺨﺘﻔﺎﺀ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻷﻨﻅﺎﺭ ﻜﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﹶﻗﻠِﻴﻠ ٍﺔ ﺩﺭﺍﺴ ﹲﺔ ﻭﺼ ِﻔ ‪‬ﻴ ﹲﺔ ﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ "ﺃﻟـﻑ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﺠﻨﱢـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻕ ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺸﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺜﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻌ ﹶ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺔ "ﺤﺴﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﺼﺭﻱ"‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﻠﺔ" ﻗﺎﻡ ﺒﻬﺎ ﺍﻷﺴﺘﺎﺫ ﻓـﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬
‫ﺴﻴ‪‬ﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ‬
‫ﻕ ﺍﻟﺠﻨﱢﻴ ﹸﺔ ﺇﻨ ِ‬
‫ﺸﹸ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻴ ﹰﺔ ﺃﻭ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻌ ﹶ‬
‫ﺇﻨ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻠﺴ‪‬ﺤﺭ ﻤﻜﺎﻨـﺔ ﺨﺎﺼـﺔ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺕ ﻓﻲ ﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺒﺎﺴﻡ "ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﺭ ﹾ‬
‫ﺴﻌﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹸﻨ ِ‬
‫ﻲ ﺒﺎﻟﺴ‪‬ﺤ ِﺭ ﻜﻤـﺎ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺠ ﱢﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺼُ‬
‫ﻴ‪ ‬ﹶﺘﻭ‪ ‬‬
‫ل ﺒـﻪ‬
‫ﺴُ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻠﻴﺎﻟﻲ‪ ...‬ﻭﻫﻭ ﺴِﺤﺭ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘﻭ‪ ‬‬
‫ﻭﺤﻲ ﺃﻟﻑ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﻠﺔ"‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺤﺩ‪‬ﺙ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺤِﻜﺎﻴ ِﺔ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻌﻠﻭﻙ ﺍﻟﺜﹼﺎﻨِﻲ ﻤﻥ ِﻗﺼ‪‬ـ ِﺔ‬
‫ﺒﻌــﺽ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺨﺼــﻴ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﱢــﺭﻴﺭﺓ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺒﻴﺭﻭﺕ ﻤﻨﺫ ﺃﻋﻭﺍ ٍﻡ‬
‫ﻅﻬ‪‬ﺭ ﹾ‬
‫ﻜﻤﺎ ﹶ‬
‫ﺢ ﺍﻟﺸﱡــﻌﺭﺍ ِﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺍﺭِﺴــﻴﻥ‬
‫ﻗﹶــﺭﺍ ِﺌ ِ‬
‫ﻲ ﻜﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻜﺎﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺴ‪‬‬
‫ﺴﺒﺒ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺸﹶﻘﺎﺀِ ﺇﻨ ِ‬
‫ﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ ﺃﻭ ﺠﻤﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺤِﻜﺎﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻭﺴِـــﻴ ِﻘﻴ‪‬ﻴﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺼـــ ‪‬ﻭﺭِﻴﻥ‬
‫"ﺃﺒﻲ ﻤﺤﻤﺩ ﺍﻟﻜﺴﻼﻥ"‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﻴﺤﻠـﻭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﹼﺎﺠِﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﻌِﻔﺭﻴـﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴ‪‬ـ ِﺘ ‪‬ﻡ ﻫـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺜﹼﺎﻟِﻴﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﺸﺭِ ﻜﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺙ ﺒﺎﻟﺒ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﻟﻠﻌﻔﺎﺭﻴﺕ ﺃﻥ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻌﺒ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ل ﺒﻭﺍﺴﻁﺔ ﻤﺎﺀ ‪‬ﻴﻘﹾـ ‪‬ﺭُﺃ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺤﻭ‪ُ ‬‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﻭﺇﻟﻰ ﺠﺎﻨـﺏ ﻫـﺫﺍ؛ ﻓـﺈﻥ ﺃﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﺱ ﺒﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘ ْﺄ ِﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﻁﻔﺎ ِ‬
‫"ﺃﻟﻑ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﻠﺔ" ﺠ‪‬ﻤﻠ ﹰﺔ ﻭﺘﹶﻔﺼِﻴﻼﹰ‪.‬‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﻋﻥ ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ "ﺃﻟﻑ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﻠﺔ" ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫"ﺍﻟﺤﻤ‪‬ﺎل ﻭﺍﻟﺜﹼﻼﺙ ﺒﻨﺎﺕ"‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬
‫ﻲ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﻟﺘﺤﻭﻴل ﺍﻟﺒﻁل ﻤـﻥ ﺁﺩﻤـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﻜﺎﻴﺔ "ﻨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺩﻴﻥ ﻭﺃﺨﻴـﻪ ﺸـﻤﺱ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩﻴﻥ" ﻭﺤﻜﺎﻴـﺔ "ﻗﻤـﺭ ﺍﻟﺯﻤـﺎﻥ"‪.‬‬
‫ﻑ ﺒﺎﻟﻭ‪‬ﻓﺎﺀِ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺜﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤﺎ‬
‫ﺼ ﹸ‬
‫ﻥ ﹶﺘﺘﱠ ِ‬
‫ﺠ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺽ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺭ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ــﺎﺤِﺭ ﹸﺓ ﺒﻌــ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ــﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﹶﻌﺎﻭِﻴﺫِ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﻴﺭﺸﱡﻪ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﻁـل‬
‫ﻥ ﺃﻭ ﺠﻤﺎﺩ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﺘﺘﹶﻐ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﻫﻴﺌﺘﹸﻪ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺤﻴﻭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﷲ‬
‫ﻭﻴﻅل ﻫﺫﺍ ﺤﺎﻟﹸﻪ ﺤﺘﱠـﻰ ﻴـﺄﺫ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺩ ﺍﻟﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ‪،‬‬
‫ﻫﻭ ﺒﻤﺜﺎﺒﺔ ﺘﺒﺭﻴ ٍﺭ ﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﺠﻤﻴﻠﻪ؛ ﻴﻘﺘل ﻋﺒﺩ ﺍﷲ ﺒﻥ ﻓﺎﻀـل‬
‫ﺴلُ ﻤﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺒﻁِل ﻫـﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﺤﺭ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﻓ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻴﻜﺘﺸﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻙ ﺸـﻬﺭﻴﺎﺭ ﺨِﻴﺎﻨـ ﹶﺔ‬
‫ﺏ ﺤﻴ‪‬ـ ﹰﺔ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻴ ﹰﺔ ﺴﻭﺩﺍ ‪‬ﺀ ﺭﺁﻫـﺎ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻌﻘﱠـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﻌﻴﺩﻩ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺼ‪‬ﻭﺭ ِﺘ ِﻪ ﺍﻵﺩﻤﻴﺔ ﻜﻤـﺎ‬
‫ل ﻟﻴﻠ ٍﺔ ﺯ‪‬ﻭﺠ ﹰﺔ‬
‫ﺨ ﹸﺫ ﻜ ﱠ‬
‫ﻨﻔﺴﻴ ﹰﺔ ﺤﺎ ‪‬ﺩﺓﹰ؛ ﻓﻴ ﱠﺘ ِ‬
‫ﻅ ﻟﻪ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻴـل‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺼـﺒﺢ‬
‫ﺤ ﹶﻔ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺡ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋ‪‬ﺫﺭﺍ ‪‬ﺀ ﻭﻴﻘﺘﻠﹸﻬـﺎ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ـﺒﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻁ ‪‬ﻭﻉ‪ ‬ﺃﻤﺭﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺱ ﺒﺒﻨﺎﺘِﻬﻡ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﻨﹼﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﺠﻨﱢﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺒﻴﻀﺎﺀ‪‬؛ ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﺒﻬﺫﻩ ﺍﻷﺨﻴﺭﺓ ِ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺤِﻜﺎﻴـﺔ "ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﻠﻁﺎﻥ ﻤﺤﻤـﻭﺩ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺯﻭﺠﺘﻪ؛ ﻓﹶﻴﻘ ﹸﺘﻠﹸﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺠﺘـﺎﺯ ﺃﺯﻤـ ﹰﺔ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺨلِ ﺃﻭ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻤﻬِﻴـﺩٍ‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺩُﺃ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻴﺎﻟِﻲ ﺒ‪‬ﻤ‪ ‬ﺩ ﹶ‬
‫ـﺎ‬
‫ﻲ ﺇﻨﺴـﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻋﺘﺭﺍ ﹰﻓـ‬
‫ﺠ ﱢﻨـ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺎﻋﺩ ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻴﺴـ‬
‫ﺼﺎﺤﺏ ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺍﺌﺭ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻭﺩ"‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ﹸﻜﻨﹸﻭ ‪‬ﺯ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺤﺎ ِﻭ ِﺭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺭﺌِﻴﺴِـ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻥ ﺃﺒﺭﺯ ﺍﻟﺨﻭﺍﺭِﻕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﺎﻟﻲ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ "ﺃﻟﻑ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﻠـﺔ"‪...‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺨﺎﺘﹶﻡ ﺴـﻠﻴﻤﺎﻥ‪ ...‬ﻴ ﹾﻔ ‪‬ﺭﻜﹸـﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﻁﹶـ ُ‬
‫ل ﻋﻠﻰ ﻜﻨﺯ ﻓﻴﻨﺘﻘل ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻁُ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻌﺜﹸ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒ ﹶ‬
‫‪٨٨‬‬
‫ﻭﻀ‪‬ﺤﺎﻫﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺫﻭﻱ ﺍﻟﺜﱠﺭﺍ ِﺀ ﻭﺍﻟ ﱡﻨﻔﹸﻭﺫِ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﻌﻴﺸﻭﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺒ‪ ‬ﹶﺫﺥٍ ﻭ ﹶﺘﺭ‪‬ﻑٍ‪ .‬ﻏﻴﺭ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺥ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟـ ‪‬ﺭ ﱢ‬
‫ﺕ ﺨﹸﺭﺍ ِﻓ ‪‬ﻴ ٍﺔ ﻤﺜ ِ‬
‫ﺤﻴ‪‬ﻭﺍﻨﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻋﻥ ‪‬‬
‫ﻜﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻜﺎﻴﺔ "ﺠـﻭﺩﺭ" ﻭﺤﻜﺎﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺕ ﻟﻴﺴﻭﺍ ﺠﻤﻴﻌ‪‬ﺎ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺃﺒﻁﺎ َ‬
‫ﻱ"‪.‬‬
‫ﺤ ِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺔ "ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻨﺩﺒﺎﺩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬‬
‫"ﻭﺭﺩﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺍﺭ"‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻟ ﹶﻜﻨﹾـ ‪‬ﺯ ﻋـﺎﺩ ﹰﺓ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺭ ِﻓﻴ‪‬ﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺫﻭﻱ ﺍﻟﺜﱠﺭﺍﺀِ‪ ،‬ﺒل ﺇﻥ ﻤﻨﻬﻡ ِ‬
‫ﺏ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺤِﻜﺎﻴـﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻠﻴـﺎﻟﻲ‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻐِﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻻ ﻴ‪‬ﻔﺘﹶﺢ ﺇﻻ ﻟﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺤﻁﱠـﺎﺏ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﻴ‪‬ﺎﻁ ﻭﺍﻟﻁﹼـﺎﻫِﻲ‪ ...‬ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬ﻴﺭ‪ ‬ﺠ‪‬ﺯﺍﺅُﻩ ﺍﻟﺨﹶﻴـﺭ‪،‬‬
‫ﻤﻨﺎﺴﺒﺔ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﺨﺒ‪‬ﺎﺯ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻹﺴـﻜﺎﻑ‪.‬‬
‫ﺼﻴ‪‬ﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸﺭ‪‬ﻴﺭ ﻻﺒـﺩ ﺃﻥ ﻴﻼﻗـﻲ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻥ ﻜل ِ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻡ ﺠﻤﻴﻌ‪‬ﺎ ﻴ‪‬ﺸﻘﻭﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺴﺒﻴل ﻟﹸﻘﻤ ِﺔ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺕ ﻤِـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﺯ‪‬ﺍﺀ‪‬ﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻥ ﺍﻵ ِﺜ ‪‬ﻡ ﻻ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻔﻠِـ ﹸ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ل ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﺵ ﻭﻻ ﻴﻌﺭﻓـﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺴـ ‪‬ﻭ َ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺨﻔﹶـﻰ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺠِل؛ ﺤﺘﱠﻰ ﻟـﻭ َﺃ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌِﻘﺎ ِ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﻋﺸِـ ‪‬ﻴ ٍﺔ‬
‫ﺤﺎل ﺇﻟﻰ ﺤﺎل ﻭﻴﺼﺒﺢ ﺒﻴﻥ ‪‬‬
‫ﻙ ﻭﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﻼﻁِﻴﻥ‬
‫ﻭﻴﺼﺎﻫِﺭﻭﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻠﹸﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺙ ﺒﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘﺤ‪‬ﺩ‪ ‬ﹸ‬
‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ ﻤ‪‬ﺭﺼ‪‬ﻭﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﺒﺎﺴﻡ ﺸﺨﺹ ﻤ‪‬ﻌﻴ‪‬ﻥ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﻠﻌﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺃﺓ ﺩﻭﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﺨﻁﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻠﻴﺎﻟﻲ؛ ﻗﺩ ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ‪‬ﻤﻠِﻜ ﹰﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺠﺎﺭﻴﺔﹰ‪،‬‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﺍﺌﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺸﺎﺒ‪‬ﺔ ﻓﺎﺘِﻨـﺔ ﻴ‪‬ﺨﻠـ ‪‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﺭﺩ‪‬؛ ﺒل ﻴﺅﻤﻨﻭﻥ ﺒـﺄﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻤ‪‬ـ َ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﻁِ‬
‫ﺱ ﻓـﻲ ﺒـﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﻴﻥِ ﺍﻟﻨﹼﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺇﺜﻤ‪‬ﻪ ﻋﻥ َﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸﺭﻑ ﻭﻭﺍﺠﺏ‪.‬‬
‫ﺽ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻷَﺭ ِ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺏ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﺘﻔـﻨﱠﻥ ﺍﻟـﺭ‪‬ﺍﻭِﻱ‬
‫ﺠﻤﺎﻟﹸﻬﺎ ﺍﻷﻟﺒﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺃﺒﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻁﱠﺒ ﹶﻘﺔِ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺩِﺤﺔ‪ ...‬ﻓـﻴﻬﻡ‬
‫ﹶﻨﺯ‪‬ﻋ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟﺨﹶﻴﺭِ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﹸﺘ َﺅﻜﱢﺩ ﻓﻲ ﻜـل‬
‫ﻁﻠﹶـ ِﺔ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒ ﹶ‬
‫ﺴِ‬
‫ﻑ ﻤﺤﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋﺎﺩ ﹰﺓ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺼ ِ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﺎﻤِﻌﻴﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺨﻴـﺎ َ‬
‫ﻭﺼﻔﹰﺎ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻠﻬِـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻑ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺨﺼﻴ‪‬ﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻥ ﺃﻁﺭ ِ‬
‫ﺕ "ﺃﻟـﻑ‬
‫ﺽ ﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻁ ‪‬ﺭﻕﹸ ﺒﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹾ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻁﻠﺔ ﻁﻴﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺏ ﺴﻠﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻁ ِﻭﻴ‪‬ﺔ‬
‫ﻙ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﱡــﻁﹼﺎﺭ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻠﻴــﺎﻟﻲ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ــﻌﺎﻟﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺘﹶﻌﻠِﻴﻤﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻜﻤﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﻠﺔ" ﻤ‪‬ﻭﻀ‪‬ﻭﻋﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻏﺎِﻟﺒ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻬﺎ ﻻ ﺘﺨﻠﻭ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻜﹾـ ِﺭ‬
‫ﺹ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻴ‪‬ﺎﻕ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻟﺸﱠﺎﻁِﺭ ﻴ‪‬ﺫﻜﱢﺭﻨﺎ ﺒـﺎﻟﱢﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﺤﺎل ﻓﻲ ﺤِﻜﺎﻴـﺔ "ﺍﻟﺠﺎﺭﻴـﺔ‬
‫"ﻗﻤﺭ ﺍﻟﺯﻤﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻠﻜﺔ ﺒﺩﻭﺭ"‪.‬‬
‫ﻹﻅﻬﺎ ِﺭ ﺒﺭﺍﻋ ِﺘ ِﻪ ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻔ ‪‬ﻭﻗِﻪِ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻗﺭﺍ ِﻨ ِﻪ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺸﻜِﻴِﻠ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ ﻤﻜﺎﻥ ﻤ‪‬ﺭﻤ‪‬ﻭﻕ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻠ ﹸﻔﻨﹸﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻠﻤﺭﺃﺓ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺠ‪‬ﻭﺯ ﺩﻭﺭ ﻻ ﻴ‪‬ﻨﻜﹶـﺭ‬
‫ﻁ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﻓﻲ "ﺍﻟﻤﻼﻋﻴﺏ"‪ .‬ﻭﻴ‪ ‬ﹶﺘﻤ‪ ‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺯ ﺍﻟﺸﹼـﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻼ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻓﻲ "ﺃﻟﻑ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﻠﺔ"؛ ﻓﻤـﺜ ﹰ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺜﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺕ ﺨﺎﺼ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻﺒﺩ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺢ ﻭﺼِﻔﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﺒﻤ‪‬ﻼ ِﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺔ" ﺘﺎﺝ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻠﹸﻭﻙ ﻭﺩﻨﻴـﺎ ﺍﺒﻨـﺔ‬
‫ﺙ‬
‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﺴﺒﺒ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺘﻐﻴ‪‬ﺭ ﻤﺠﺭﻯ ﺃﺤﺩﺍ ِ‬
‫ﻲ ﺘﻘﺎﻟِﻴﺩ ﺃﺒﻨﺎﺀ ﻁﺎﺌ ﹶﻔﺘِﻪ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﺭ‪‬ﻯ‬
‫ﻋ‪‬‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﺭﺍ ِ‬
‫ل ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺠ‪‬ﻤ ِﻊ ﺒـﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﻤ ُ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺭ‬
‫ﺸﻁﹼﺎﺭ ﻤ‪‬ﺘﺄﺨﱢﺭﺓ ﺒﺎﻟﻘِﻴﺎﺱ ﺇﻟﻰ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺸﹼﺎﻕِ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﻨﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺔ ﺃﺨـﺭﻯ‬
‫ﻥ ﻅﹸﻬﻭﺭ‪‬ﻫـﺎ‬
‫ﺠﺤ‪‬ـﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﹸﺭﺴ‪‬ﺎﻥِ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨﺒِﻴﺜﺔ ﻤﺜل ﺍﻟﻌﺠﻭﺯ "ﺸﺎﻫﻲ"‬
‫ﺸﺭ‪‬ﻴﺭﺓ ﹶ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﻭﺘﻜﺎ ‪‬ﻤﻠﹶﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﻭﺍﻀِـ ِﺭ ﺒﺼـﻔﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻤﻴﺭﺓ ﺩﻨﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻭﺭﺓ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺔ "ﻋﻤﺭ ﺍﻟﻨﻌﻤﺎﻥ"‪.‬‬
‫ﻋﺎﻤ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ ﺒﺼـﻔﺔ‬
‫ﺝ‬
‫ﺴ‪‬ﺒﺒ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺘﻭﻁﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺘـﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻫﺎ ِﺀ ﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﹰﺎ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﻓـﻲ ﺤﻜﺎﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ـﺎ ِ‬
‫ـﻴﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺤِﻜﺎﻴـ‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺍﺭِﺴـ‬
‫ـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﻌـ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻡ ﻟﻪ‬
‫ﻙ ﻴﻠﺠﺄ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻤ‪‬ﺼ ‪‬ﻭ ٍﺭ ِﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻠﹸﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻁﻴ‪‬ﻭﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ل ﺼﻴ‪‬ﺎﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﻭ ﹸ‬
‫ﺼ‪‬ﻭﺭ ﹰﺓ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻤﺜﱢ ُ‬
‫ﺠِﺩﺍ ِﺭ "ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺯل ﺍﻷﺒﻴﺽ" ﻓﻲ ﺒ‪‬ﺴﺘﺎﻥ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺨﺎﺼ‪‬ﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺝ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻠِﻙ ﺸـﻬﺭﻤﺎﻥ"؛ ﻨﺠـﺩ ﺃﻥ ﺘـﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﻙ ﻭﺍﻷﻤﻴﺭﺓ ﺩﻨﻴﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﺃﺜﱠـﺭﺕ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻭﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺨﺼﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺭِﺯﺓ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠــﺭﻴﻑ؛ ﻓﻬــﻭ ﻻ ‪‬ﻴﺴ‪‬ــﺭِﻕ ﺇﻻ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺔ‪ ...‬ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺒﻌـﺽ‬
‫ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻭﺩ‪‬ﺩ"‪.‬‬
‫ﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ "ﺃﻟﻑ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﻠﺔ" ﺍﻟ ﱡﺘﺠ‪‬ـﺎﺭ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﻠﻌﺏ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ ﺩﻭﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻫﺎﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫"ﺃﻟﻑ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﻠﺔ" ﻓـﻲ ﻜﺜﻴـﺭ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﻤ‪‬ﺜﻠﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻁﱠﺒﻘ ﹶﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻭﺭﺠﻭﺍﺯﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻡ‬
‫ﻼ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ "ﺃﻟﻑ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﻠﺔ"؛ ﻓﻤﺜ ﹰ‬
‫ﺼ ِﺔ ﻴﺒﺩﻭ ﻫﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹸﻔﻨﹸﻭﻥ؛ ﻓﻔﻲ ﻤﺠﺎل ﺍﻟ ِﻘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﺎﺩ ﹰﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺩﺭﺠـﺔ ﻜﺒﻴـﺭﺓ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺔ "ﻗﻤﺭ ﺍﻟﺯﻤﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻠﻜﺔ ﺒﺩﻭﺭ"‬
‫ﻷ ﹶﺜ ‪‬ﺭ ﻭﺍﻀِـﺤ‪‬ﺎ ﻓـﻲ ﻜﺜﻴـﺭ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺍَ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺜﱠــﺭﺍﺀ‪ ...‬ﻴﺴــﻜﻨﻭﻥ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻘﺼ‪‬ــﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﻲ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻁ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﻤِﺤﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ﺭﺌﻴﺴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻨﺠﺩ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺹ ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺇﻴﻁﺎﻟﻴـﺎ‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ِﻘ ‪‬‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫‪٨٩‬‬
‫ﻥ ﻋﺸـﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻭﻻﻴـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ـﻭ‬
‫ـﺭﻱ ﺭﺍﺒــ‬
‫ـﻴﻘﻰ ﻫﻨــ‬
‫)ﻤﻭﺴــ‬
‫ـﻥ‬
‫ـﺎﺘﻴﺱ ‪ ،Matisse‬ﻭﻤــ‬
‫ﻭﻤــ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺩﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺴ ‪‬ﻊ ﻋﺸـﺭ‪،‬‬
‫‪ ،H. Rabaud‬ﻭﺘﺄﻟﻴﻑ ﻟﻭﺴﻴﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎل ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻌﺎﺼِﺭﺓ ﻟﻭﺤﺔ "ﺭﺍﻗِﺼﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻓﻲ ﻤﺼﺭ ﺨﻼل ﺍﻟﻘـﺭﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺴـ ‪‬ﻊ‬
‫ﻋﺸﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﻻ ﺘﺯﺍل "ﺃﻟﻑ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﻠﺔ "‬
‫ﻨﻴﺒﻭﺘﻲ ‪ .(Lucien Nepoty‬ﺃﻤﺎ‬
‫ﻋﻥ ﺃﺜﺭ "ﺃﻟﻑ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﻠﺔ" ﻓﻲ ﻤﺠﺎل‬
‫ﺸـــﺭﻗﻴﺔ" ﻟﻔـــﺎﻥ ﺩﻭﻨﺠـــﻥ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟ ِﻘﺼ‪‬ـﺹ‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻠ ِﻬ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻪ ﹸﻜﺘﹼﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﺼﺩﺭ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺴﻴﻘﻰ؛ ﻓﺤﺴﺒﻨﺎ ﺃﻥ ﹸﻨﺸِﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ "ﺃﻟﻑ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﻠـﺔ" ‪‬ﻤﻴ‪‬ـﺩﺍ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻤﺘﹶﺘﺎﺒِﻌــﺔ "ﺸــﻬﺭﺯﺍﺩ" ﻟﺭﻤﺴــﻜﻲ‬
‫ﺼِﻨﺎﻋ ِﺔ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻴﻨﻤﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﻓﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬
‫ﻜﻭﺭﺴــﺎﻜﻭﻑ‪.‬ﻭﻤــﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻟِﻴﻬــﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻋﻅِﻴﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺠ‪‬ﻤﻬ‪‬ـﻭ ِﺭ‬
‫ﻻ ‪‬‬
‫ﻻﻗﹶﺕ ﺇﻗﺒﺎ ﹰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺍﻗِﺼﺔ ﺒﺎﻟﻴﻪ "ﺸﻬﺭﺯﺍﺩ"‪.‬‬
‫ﺹ ﺒﻐﺩﺍﺩ"‪ ،‬ﻭﻓﻴﻠﻡ "ﻋﻠﻲ ﺒﺎﺒﺎ‬
‫ﻓﻴﻠﻡ "ِﻟ ‪‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﻭﻓﺭﻨﺴﺎ ﻭﺇﻨﺠﻠﺘﺭﺍ ﺨـﻼل ﺍﻟﻘـﺭﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻭﺒﺭﺍ "ﻤﻌﺭﻭﻑ ﺇﺴﻜﺎﻑ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ"‬
‫‪ ،Ingres‬ﻭﺭﻴﻨــﻭﺍﺭ ‪،Renoir‬‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﺤﺘﻰ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﺭﺡِ؛ ﻨﺠـﺩ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻓﻲ ﻤﺠﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺭﺤﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﺒﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ﺍ ‪‬ﻫ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟﺭﺴ‪‬ﺎﻤ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﺒﺘﺼـﻭﻴﺭ‬
‫ﻱ"‪.‬‬
‫ﺤ ِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫"‪ ،‬ﻭﻓﻴﻠﻡ "ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻨﺩﺒﺎﺩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﻅﻬﺭﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺴﻊ ﻋﺸﺭ ﻗﺩ‬
‫‪ .Van Dongen‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﻏـﺯﺕ‬
‫ﺽ "ﺒﺎﺒﺎﺕ"‬
‫ﻼ ﻋﻥ ﻫﺫﺍ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺒﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻓﻀ ﹰ‬
‫ﻁﺒ‪‬ﻌﺎﺕِ‬
‫ﺕ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺭﺴ‪‬ﻭﻡ ﻓﻲ ﹶ‬
‫ﻅﻬ‪‬ﺭ‪ ‬ﹾ‬
‫ﻭﹶ‬
‫ﻲ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻷﺩ‪‬ﺏِ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﹶﻟ ِﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻜِﺘﺎﺏ ﻓﻲ ﺍ َ‬
‫ل ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺍﺌﺭ ﻤ‪‬ﺴﺘﹶﻭﺤﺎﺓ‬
‫ﻅﱢ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟ ﱢ‬
‫*ﺨﹶﻴﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫"ﺃﻟﻑ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﻠﺔ" ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭﺠ‪‬ﻤﺔ‪.‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﹶﻨ ِ‬
‫ل ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﻤ ُ‬
‫ﺠﻤِﻴ ‪‬ﻊ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺤﺎﻭ‪‬ﻻ ِ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻴﺎﻟﻲ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻜﺜﻴـﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒـﺔ ﺍﻟﻭﻁﻨﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﻤ‪‬ﺤﻔﹸﻭﻅﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺝ‬
‫ل ﻨﹶﻤـﺎ ِﺫ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﺒﺎﺭﻴﺱ ﻋِ ‪‬ﺩ ﹶﺓ ‪‬ﺭﺴ‪‬ﻭﻡ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻤﺜﱢ ُ‬
‫ﺏ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﻟﻡ‬
‫ﻑ ﺭ‪‬ﻭﺍ ِﺌ ِﻊ ﺍﻷ ‪‬ﺩ ِ‬
‫ﺼﻨِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ "ﺃﻟﻑ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﻠﺔ"‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺘﹸﻐﻔِل ﻜِﺘﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺘﺸﻴﻜﻭﺴﻠﻭﻓﺎﻜﻴﺎ ﻭﺃﻟﻤﺎﻨﻴﺎ ﻭﺍﻻﺘﺤـﺎﺩ‬
‫ﻤﻥ "ﺃﻟـﻑ ﻟﻴﻠـﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﻠـﺔ"؛ ﻤﻨﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺠﻬ‪‬ـﻭ ِﺩ‬
‫ﻀ ‪‬ﻌ ﹾﺘ ‪‬ﻪ ﺩﺍ ِﺌﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻤﻘﺩﻤﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻭﻓﻴﺘﻲ‪ ،‬ﺘﻘﻭﻡ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺤِﻜﺎﻴـﺎﺕ‬
‫"ﺍﻟﺠﺎﺭِﻴﺔ" ﻭ"ﺍﻤﺭﺃﺓ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ـﺭِﻴﻡ"‪.‬‬
‫ﺨﻠﹸﻭﺩِ‪،‬‬
‫ﺤﻅﹶﻰ ﺒﺎﻟ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺍﺴﺘﻁﺎﻋ‪‬ﺕ ﺃﻥ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﺸﻬﻭﺭﺓ ﻤﻥ "ﺃﻟﻑ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﻠﺔ"‪.‬‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﻨﺭ‪‬ﻯ َﺃ ﹶﺜﺭ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻴﺎﻟﻲ ﻭﺍﻀِـﺤ‪‬ﺎ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺏ ﺒﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺠ ﹶﺘﻤ‪‬ﻊ‪ ‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻋﺠﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺡ ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﺭﺍﺌِﺱ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﻭﻀ‪‬ﻭﻋﺎﺕ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ "ﺃﻟﻑ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﻠ ﹰﺔ"‪،‬‬
‫ﺤ ﹾ‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍ‪‬‬
‫ﺼﻴ‪‬ﺎﺕ "ﺃﻟـﻑ ﻟﻴﻠـﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﻠـﺔ"‪،‬‬
‫ﺸﺨ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻥ ﺃﻗﻭﻱ ﺍﻷ ِﺩﱠﻟ ِﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤ‪‬ﻜﺎﻨـ ِﺔ‬
‫ﻕ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺸﺭﻨﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ "ﺃﻟﻑ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ﺴ‪‬ﺒ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻨﺴﻲ ﺩﻴﻼ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﻨﹼﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺒﻌﺽ ﻟﹶﻭﺤﺎ ِ‬
‫ل ﻓﻲ ﻜﺜﻴ ٍﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺒِـﻼ ِﺩ‬
‫ﻷﺩﺏ ﺍﻷﻁﻔﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ﺍﺴ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬ﻬﻭ‪‬ﺕ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻭﺤ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻨﹼـﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﹶﻟﻡِ‪ .‬ﻭﻤـﻥ ﺍﻷﻭﺒـﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﺒﺎﺒﻠﻭ ﺒﻴﻜﺎﺴﻭ؛ ﻓﻘﺩ‪‬ﻡ ﻋﻨﻬـﺎ ﺃﺭﺒـ ‪‬ﻊ‬
‫ﺴ ﹸﺘ ﹾﻠ ِﻬﻤ‪‬ﺕ ﻤ‪‬ﻭﻀ‪‬ﻭﻋﺎﺘﹸﻬﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﺸﹾﺭ ﹶﺓ ﺩِﺭﺍﺴـ ﹰﺔ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻜﻌِﻴﺒﻴـﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻤـﻥ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫"ﺃﻟﻑ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﻠﺔ" ﺃﻭﺒﺭﺍ "ﻋﻼﺀ ﺍﻟﺩﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺕ ﺩﻴﻼﻜﺭﻭﺍ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ ﺘﹸـ ﹶﺫ ﱢﻜﺭ‪‬ﻨﺎ‬
‫ﻟﹶﻭﺤﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺒِﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ "ﺃﻟﻑ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﻠﺔ" "ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻬﺭ‪‬ﺝ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﹼﻴﺎﻟﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﻓﺭ‪‬ﻀ‪ ‬ﹾ‬
‫ﺼﻴ‪‬ﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺨ ِ‬
‫ﺇﻴﺯﻭﺍﺭ ‪ ،Isouard‬ﻭﺘﺄﻟﻴﻑ ﺇﺘﻴﻴﻥ‬
‫ﻲ"‪ ،‬ﻭ"ﻤﻌﺭﻜــﺔ ﻋﺭﺒﻴــﺔ"‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒــ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﺴ‪ ‬ﻡ‬
‫ل ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭﺩِﻴﺩ‪‬ﻫﺎ؛ ﻷﻨﻬﺎ ﹸﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﺠ‪‬ﻴﺎ ِ‬
‫‪ ،(Etienne‬ﻭﺃﻭﺒﺭﺍ "ﻋﻠﻲ ﺒﺎﺒـﺎ"‬
‫ﻭ"ﻓﺎﺭِﺱ ﻋﺭﺒﻲ ﻴﻠﻌﺏ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺠﻭﺍﺩِﻩ"‪.‬‬
‫ﻗِﻴﻤ ﹰﺔ ﺃﻭ ﻤ‪‬ﻭﻗِﻔﹰﺎ ﺃﻭ ﺼِﻔ ﹰﺔ ﺃﺨﻼ ِﻗ ‪‬ﻴﺔﹰ؛ ﺃﻭ‬
‫)ﻤﻭﺴﻴﻘﻰ ﻜﺭﻤﺒﻴﻨﻲ ‪،Crembini‬‬
‫ـَﺄﺜﱠﺭﻭﺍ‬
‫ـﺫﻴﻥ ﺘﹶـ‬
‫ـﺎﻨِﻴﻥ ﺍﻟـ‬
‫ـﻥ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔﻨﹼـ‬
‫ﻭﻤـ‬
‫ل ﻓـﻲ ﻋـﺎﹶﻟﻡٍ‬
‫ﻷﻤ‪‬ـ َ‬
‫ل ﺍَ‬
‫ﻷﻨﻬﺎ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻤﺜﱢـ ُ‬
‫ﻭﺘــﺄﻟﻴﻑ ﺴــﻜﺭﻴﺏ ‪،(Scribe‬‬
‫ﺒﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ "ﺃﻟﻑ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﻠﺔ" ﺇﻨﺠﺭ‬
‫ﺕ ﻭﺍﻷﻫﻭﺍﺀ‪‬؛ ﻤﺜل‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺯ‪‬ﻋﺎ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﺘﺘﹶﺼﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﻠﺔ " ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻌﺩ‪ ‬ﻤﺼـﺩﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﺃﺴﺎﺴِـﻴ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﺼﻭ‪‬ﺭ‪‬ﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻭﺴِﻴ ِﻘﻴ‪‬ﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹸﻜلﱡ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻕ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺠﺭِﺒ ﹶﺔ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔﻨﱢﻴ ﹶﺔ ﺒﺎﻟﻜﻠﻤِـ ِﺔ‬
‫ﺤﻘﱢ ﹸ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﻷﺩ‪‬ﺒــﺎ ‪‬ﺀ‬
‫ﺇﻟــﻰ ﻓﹶــﻥ‪‬؛ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻠﹶﻤــﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻭﺍ ُ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﺸﻜِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻉ ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹾ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻹﺸﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺓ ﻭﺍﻹﻴﻘﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺽ‬
‫ﺸ ﹸﺘ ِﻬﺭ‪‬ﺕ ﺃﺴـﻤﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﺒﻌـ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ﺍ ﹾ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺼﺒﺎﺡ ﺍﻟﺴـﺤﺭﻱ" )ﻤﻭﺴـﻴﻘﻰ‬
‫ﻜﺭﻭﺍ؛ ﻤﺜل ﻟﻭﺤﺔ "ﻨِﺴﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺍﺌـﺭ"‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﻨ ﹾﻘﻠِﻬﺎ ﻤﻥ ﻟﹸﻐ ٍﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻟﹸﻐ ٍﺔ ﻭﻤﻥ ﻓﹶـ ‪‬‬
‫‪٩٠‬‬
‫ﺸﻬﺭﺯﺍﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻨﺩﺒﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﻠـﻲ ﺒﺎﺒـﺎ‪ ،‬ﹸﺨ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﻋ ﹶﺘﻪ‪‬؛ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺍﻷﺴﺌﻠﺔ ﻭﺍﻷﺠﻭِﺒﺔ ﻗﺩ ﺇِﻟﹾﻤﺎﺭِﻳﻦ‬
‫ﺸﻐﻠﺕ ﺍﻟﻠﻴل‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻤﺱ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺤﺴ‪‬ﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﱠﺎﻁِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺃﹶﻟﹾﭭِﻴﺲ‬
‫‪ALVISS‬‬
‫ﺤﺼ‪‬ـﻥ‪:‬‬
‫ﻤﻌﻨﺎﻩ ﺤ‪‬ﺭﻓﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟﺤﻜﻴﻡ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻘﺯ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻜـﺎﻥ ﻴﻌـﻴﺵ ﺘﺤـ ﹶ‬
‫ﻁﹶﻠﺏ‪ ‬ﻴ‪‬ﺩ ﺜﺭﻭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺒﻨـﺔ *‬
‫ﺢﻭﹶ‬
‫ﻁِ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴ ﹸ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﺜﹸﻭﺭ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺠﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻓﻲ ﹶﻗﺼِـﻴﺩ ٍﺓ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺩ ﹾ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻷﺴـﺎﻁِﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻨﺭﻭﻴﺠﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺃﻻﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻅﻭﻤﺔ ﺸِﻌﺭ‪‬ﺍ‪.‬‬
‫ﺱ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻁﻴﻑ‬
‫ﺢ ﻭﺍﻟﻁﱠﻘ ِ‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﺇﻟ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ﺠﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺃﻟﭭـﻴﺱ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺱ‬
‫ﻁ ﹾﻘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟ ِﻔ ﹾﻨﹶﻠ ﹾﻨ ِﺩﻴ‪‬ﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺫﻱ "ﻴﻤﻨﺢ ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﻻ ﹶﺘﺤ‪ ‬ﻭ َ‬
‫ﻉ ﻤﻊ ﻀ‪‬ﻭ ِﺀ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﻬﺎ ِﺭ ﻭﺇ ﱠ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻬﺎﺩِﺉ ﻭﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻲﺀ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﻭﺍﺀ‪،‬‬
‫ﺠ ٍﺭ‪ .‬ﻭ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻌﺩ‪ ‬ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻷُﺴـﻁﹸﻭﺭ ﹸﺓ‬
‫ﺤ‪‬‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﺴﺎﻋﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻼﱠﺤﻴﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻔﺭ"‪.‬‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﻤﻥ َﺃ ﹾﻗﺩ‪‬ﻡِ ﺍﻟ ِﻘﺼ‪‬ﺹ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘﻀ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ل "ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻟِﻴﻔـﺎﻻ"‪،‬‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺩ ﺃَﺒﻁـﺎ ِ‬
‫)‪َ (٢‬ﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﻓﺘﺎﺓﹰ‪،‬‬
‫ﺏ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻤﻥ ‪‬ﻴﺨﹾﻁ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻟﻐﺎﺯ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﻴﺠِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩ‪‬ﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﻟِﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﻗﺎ ‪‬ﻡ ﺒِﺼـﻴﺎﻏ ِﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﻤﻥ ﻴ‪ ‬ﹶﺘﻭ‪‬ﺼ‪‬ـل ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺇﺠﺎﺒـ ِﺔ‬
‫ـﺭ ﻭ"*‬
‫ـﻤﺱ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻤـ‬
‫ﺸـ‬
‫ـﻤﺎ ِﺀ ﻭﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺴـ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺝ ﻤﻥ ﻓﹶﺘﺎﺘِﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﺯ‪‬ﻭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺫﻫﺒﻴﺔ ﻟﻨﻔﺴﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﺼﺩﻴﻘﹰﺎ ﻟــ*‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴﺌﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﹸﺘ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻘﻰ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ؛ ﻻ ﻴﺤﻅﹶﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻤﺒﻭ" ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻬﻴﺭ‪ ،‬ﺒـل ﻭﺯﻭﺠـﺔ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﹶﺭﻭِﻱ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭ ﹸﺓ ﺃﻥ ﺜﹸﻭﺭ‪‬ﺍ‬
‫‪ILMARIN‬‬
‫ﺽ ﻓﻲ ﺯﻭﺍ ِﺝ ﺍﺒﻨﺘﻪ ﻤـﻥ ﺃﹶﻟﻠﹶﺖ‬
‫ﻜﺎﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﻌﺎ ِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁﻠﹶﻘﺎ ﻤﻌ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﭭﺎﻴﻨﺎﻤﻭﻴﻨﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺜﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤﺎ ﺍ ﹾﻨ ﹶ‬
‫‪ALELAT‬‬
‫ﻕ‬
‫ل ﻟﻪ ﺇﻨـﻪ ﻴﻭﺍﻓِـ ﹸ‬
‫ﺃﻟﭭﻴﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﻗﺎ َ‬
‫ﻴﻘﻭل ﻫﻴﺭﻭﺩﻭﺕ ﺇﻥ ﺃَﻟﻠﹶﺕ ﺍﺴـﻡ‬
‫ﺏ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺝ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺃﺠﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺯ‪‬ﻭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻬﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺁﻟﻬﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺏ ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ ﺴ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻤﻭ‪‬ﺍ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﻱ ﺴ‪‬ـﺅﺍ ٍ‬
‫ﺏ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ‪‬ﺴ ِﻌ ِﻪ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴﺠِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺎ‬
‫ـﺎل ‪ Opatal‬ﻭﺃﻭﺭﺍﻨﻴــ‬
‫ﺃُﻭﺒﺎﺘــ‬
‫ﻑ ﺒﺘﺴـﻌﺔ‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﻭﺠ‪‬ﻪ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺃﻥ ﻁـﺎ ﹶ‬
‫‪) Urania‬ﺃﻱ ﺃﻓﺭﻭﺩﻴﺕ ﺃﻭﺭﺍﻨﻴـﺎ(‬
‫ﺏ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﻋﻭﺍِﻟﻡ‪‬؛ ﻓﻭﺍﻓﹶﻕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴﺠِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﺎﺴﻡ َﺃِﻟﻠﹶﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﺕ ﻗﺎﻤﺎ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺒﻤ‪‬ﻐـﺎﻤ‪‬ﺭﺍ ٍ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ِﺭﺤ‪‬ﻼ ٍ‬
‫ﻋﺩِﻴﺩﺓ‪.‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻷﺴﺌﻠﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻅ ‪‬ﻥ ﺃﻟﭭﻴﺱ ﺃﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺩﻴــﻭﻨﻴﺯﻭﺱ ‪ Dionysos‬ﺒﺎﺴــﻡ ﺃﻟﻮ ﺃﺩﻱ‬
‫ﺒﻌ ِ‬
‫‪ALOADAE‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌِﻤﻼﻗﺎﻥ ﺇﻓﻴﺎﻟﺘﺱ ‪Ephialtes‬‬
‫ـﻘﻴﻘﺎﻥ‬
‫ـﻭﺱ ‪ ،Otus‬ﺍﻟﺸﱠــ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻭﺘــ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﹼﻭﺃﻤــﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﺒﻨــﺎ* ﺒﻭﺴــﺎﻴﺩﻭﻥ‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻪ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺜﹸﻭﺭ‪ ١٣‬ﺴﺅﺍ ﹰ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴﺌِﹶﻠﺔِ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ـﻭل‬
‫ـﺭ ﻴﻘـ‬
‫ـﻲ ﻤ‪‬ﻭﻀ ـ ٍﻊ ﺁﺨـ‬
‫ﻭﻓـ‬
‫ﺴﺤ‪‬ﺏ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻤﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟ ﹶﻘﻤ‪‬ﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﱠﻤﺱ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻓﺭﻭﺩﻴﺕ ﺃﻭﺭﺍﻨﻴـﺎ ﺒﺎﺴـﻡ ﻤِﻴﻠِﻴﺘﹼـﺎ‬
‫ﺴﻜﹸﻭﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﹼﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ﺤﺭ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻴﺢ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﻴﺴـﻤﻭﻨﻬﺎ‬
‫‪ ،Mylitta‬ﻭﺇﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﻨﹶﺔ‬
‫ﺢ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻷﺸﺠﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻠﱠﻴل‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻘﹶﻤ ِ‬
‫ﺒﺎﺴﻡ َﺃِﻟﺘﹼﻪ ‪ ،Alitta‬ﻭﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ـﺭﺠ‪‬ﺢ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﹸﻜلﱢ ﻋ‪‬ﺎﹶﻟﻡٍ ﻤﻥ ﻋﻭﺍِﻟ ِﻡ ﺃَﺴﻴﺭ )ﻜﺒﻴﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭ ِﺓ ﺍﻟﻨﺭﻭﻴﺠﻴـﺔ(‬
‫ﺍﺴﻡ ﻤِﻴﻠِﻴﺘﹼﺎ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺩ ﺫِﻜـﺭ‪‬ﻩ ﻋﻨـﺩ‬
‫ﺽ ﺼ‪‬ﺩ ِﺭ ﹸﻜلﱟ ﻤﻨﻬﻤﺎ ﺘﺴﻌﺔ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻜﺎﻥ ‪‬‬
‫ﻑ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺸَﺄ ﻋﻥ ﺘﹶﺤﺭِﻴ ٍ‬
‫ﻫﻴﺭﻭﺩﻭﺕ ﹶﻨ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻵﻟﻬــﺔ ﻓــﺎﻨﻴﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﻤﺎﻟِﻘــﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺽ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺴ ِﻡ ﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ َﺃِﻟﻠﹶﺕ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺭﻯ ﺒ‪‬ﻌـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﺎﻋﺎﺕ )‪ ٥٤‬ﻗﺩﻤﹰﺎ(‪ .‬ﻭﻫﺩ‪‬ﺩﺍ ﺒﻘِﺘـﺎل‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻔﺎﺭﻴﺕ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻘﻤِﻴﺌﺔ ﻭﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ‪ .‬ﻭ‪‬ﻋ‪‬ﺭ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺍ ِﺭﺴِﻴﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻜﻠﻤـﺔ َﺃﻟِﻠﹶـﺕ ﻫـﻲ‬
‫ﺴﻬ‪‬ﻭﹶﻟﺔٍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻜل‬
‫ﺏ ﺒ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻟﭭﻴِﺱ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴﺠِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻟِﻼﺕ؛ ﻭﺒﺫﻟﻙ ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻫـﻲ ﻜﻠﻤـﺔ‬
‫ـﻭﺭ‬
‫ﻑ ﹸﺜـ‬
‫ﺸـ ﹶ‬
‫ـﺌﻠﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺍ ﹾﻜ ﹶﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ـﺫﻩ ﺍﻷﺴـ‬
‫ﻫـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻼﺕ ﻋﻴﻨﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ل ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟﻌـﺎﻟﹶﻡ‪،‬‬
‫ﻫﻲ‪ :‬ﻤﺎ ﺍﺴﻡ ﻜﹸـ ﱢ‬
‫ﺴﺠ‪‬ﻨﺎ‬
‫ﺒﻭﺴﺎﻴﺩﻭﻥ ﻭﺍﻹﻟﻬﺔ ﺍﻷﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺩ ‪‬‬
‫*ﺃﺭﺱ ﻓﻲ ﻗِـﺩ ٍﺭ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﱡﺤـﺎﺱ‪.‬‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﻭﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ‪‬ﺒﻠﹶﻐﺎ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺴِﻌﺔ ﻤﻥ ﻋﻤﺭﻫﻤـﺎ‬
‫ل ﻗﺎﻤﺔ ﹸﻜلﱟ ﻤﻨﻬﻤﺎ ﺘﺴﻊ‬
‫َﺃ ﹾﺫ ‪‬ﺭﻉٍ‪ ،‬ﻭﻁﹸﻭ ُ‬
‫ﺁﻟِﻬ ِﺔ *ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻴﻤﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭﺤﺎﻭ‪‬ﻻ ﹶﺘﻜﹾـﻭِﻴ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﻫﻴﺭﻭﺩﻭﺕ ﺇﻥ ﺍﻵﺸﻭﺭﻴﻴﻥ ‪‬ﻴﺴ‪‬ـﻤ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺩﻴﺎ ‪ ،Iphimedia‬ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﻭﺇﻴﻔﻴﻤﻴـــ‬
‫ل ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻴﻤـﺏ‪،‬‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺒ ِ‬
‫ل ﺒﻴﻠﻴﻭﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺒ ِ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ل ﺒﻴﻠﻴـﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺠﺒ‪‬ـ ِ‬
‫ل ﺃُﻭﺴﺎ ﻋﻠـﻰ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺒ ِ‬
‫ﻭ‪‬‬
‫ل ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﻤﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻬﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻠ ‪‬ﻭﺼ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫‪٩١‬‬
‫*ﺃﺒﻭﻟﻭ ﻗﺒل ﺃﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﻨﻔﱢـﺫﺍ ﺨﻁﺘﻬﻤـﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﱠﻤﺎل ﺃﺼﻔﺭ )ﻭﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﹰﺎ ﺃﺯﺭﻕ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀِ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻷﺨﻀ ‪‬ﺭ ﺒﺎﻟﻨﱠﻤﺎ ِﺀ‪....‬ﺇﻟﺦ‬
‫ﻭﻁﻠﺒﺎ ﺍﻟـﺯ‪‬ﻭﺍﺝ ﻤـﻥ*ﺃﺭﺘﻴﻤـﻴﺱ‬
‫ﺃﺴﻭﺩ(‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻐﹶﺭﺏ ﺃﺯﺭﻕ )ﺃﻭ ﺃﺼﻔﺭ(‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻷﺴﻭ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﻭﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻬِﻨﺩ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻌ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﺩ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻷﻟﻭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ*ﻫﻴﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﺃﺭﺘﻴﻤﻴﺱ ﺍﺤ‪‬ﺘﺎﻟﹶﺕ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﻭﺏ ﺃﺤﻤﺭ )ﺃﻭ ﺃﺯﺭﻕ( ﻭﻓﻭﻕ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻷﺤﻤ ‪‬ﺭ ﻭﺍﻷﺼﻔ ‪‬ﺭ ﹶﺘﻘِﻲ ﺍﻹﻨﺴـﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺠﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻓﻲ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻷﺴـﺎﻁِﻴ ِﺭ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻑ ﻤﻥ ﻗﺒﻴﻠ ٍﺔ ﻷﺨﺭﻯ‪ .‬ﻭﻋﻨـﺩ‬
‫ﺨ ﹶﺘﻠِ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﺘ ﹾ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﺜﱠﻼﺜ ﹶﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻴﺎﺒـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻷﻟﻭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﹶﺒﺎﺌِلِ ﻴ‪‬ﻌﻨِﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻭﻥ ﺍﻷﺤﻤـﺭ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻷﺤﻤـ ‪‬ﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﻠﱠـﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹾ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻕ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﱠﺠﺎﺡ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻷﺯﺭﻕ ﻴ‪‬ﻌﻨـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺭ ﹶ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺤﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﺇﺫﺍ‬
‫ﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻋﻤﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻷُﺭﺠﻭﺍﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﻭﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺘﺎﻋِﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻷﺴﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻐﺭﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻤﺎ َ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻷﺨﻀ ‪‬ﺭ ﻤ‪‬ﻜﺭ‪‬ﻭﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﻟﺩﻯ‬
‫ﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻭ ‪‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﻼ ﻭﹶﻟﻘِﻴﺎ ﻤ‪‬ﺼﺭ‪‬ﻋﻬﻤﺎ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻴـﺩ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺸِ ﹶ‬
‫ـﻴﺽ‬
‫ـﺭﻕ ﺃﺒـ‬
‫ﺸـ‬
‫ـﻭﻥ؛ ﻓﺎﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ـﺔ ﺒﹶﻠـ‬
‫ﺠﻬـ‬
‫ﻕ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻐﻀــﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺎﻁِﻔــﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻷﺯﺭ ﹶ‬
‫ل ﻤﻨﻬﻤﺎ ﺍﻵﺨﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ل ﹸﻜ ُﱞ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻤﺎ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹶﺘ َ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺨﻠﹸﻭﻗﹶﻴﻥ ﺒﺎﺭﻴ‪‬ﻥ ﺃﻨﺸﺄﺍ‬
‫ﺃﻟﻭ ﺃﺩﻱ ﻜﺎﻨﺎ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾ‬
‫ﻋِ ‪‬ﺩ ﹶﺓ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺩﻥٍ‪ ،‬ﻭَﺃ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻘﺫﹶﺍ ﺃﻤﻬﻤﺎ ﻭﺸﻘﻴﻘﺘﻬﻤﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻷَْﻟﹾﻮﺍﻥ‬
‫‪COLOURS‬‬
‫ـﺩ‪‬ﻯ‬
‫ـﻪ ﻟـ‬
‫ـﻌﻭﺏ؛ ﻓﺈﻨـ‬
‫ـﺽ ﺍﻟﺸﱡـ‬
‫ﺒﻌـ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤــﻭﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻷﺒــﻴﺽ ﺍﻟﺠﻨــﻭﺏ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺙ‬
‫ﻴ‪ ‬ﹶﺘﺭ‪ ‬ﺩ ‪‬ﺩ ِﺫ ﹾﻜ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻷﻟﻭﺍﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺤﺎﺩِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻭﺘﺤﺕ ﺒﻠﻭﻥ ﺃﺴﻭﺩ؛ ﻭﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻷﻟـﻭﺍﻥ‬
‫ﺤﺏ‪‬‬
‫ﺡ ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻴﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻻ ﹸﺘ ِ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﺭﻭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﻼ‪" :‬ﻫـل ﻜـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻤﻴﺔ؛ ﻓﻴ‪‬ﻘﺎل ﻤﺜ ﹰ‬
‫ﺠﻬِﻲ ﺃﺤﻤﺭ" ﻭ"ﻴـﺩ ﺒﻴﻀـﺎﺀ"‪...‬‬
‫‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺇﻟﺦ‪ ...‬ﻭﻴﺘﺭﺩ‪‬ﺩ ﺫِﻜﺭﻫﺎ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻷﺩﺏ‬
‫ﻭﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻴ ِﻎ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌ ِﺒ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ ﻓﻴﻘﺎل‪" :‬ﺸﻌﺭ‬
‫ﺃﺴﻭﺩ ﻓﺎﺤِﻡ ﻤﺜل ﺭِﻴﺵ ﺍﻟﻐﹸـﺭﺍﺏ"‪،‬‬
‫ﺸﻔﹶﺘﺎﻥ ﺤ‪‬ﻤﺭﺍﻭﺍﻥ ﻤﺜل ﺍﻟﻴـﺎﻗﹸﻭﺕ‬
‫ﻭ" ﹶ‬
‫ﺠﻨﱢﻴ ﹸﺔ ﺒﺄﻥ ﻟﻬﺎ‬
‫ﻑ ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺼ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﻠﻴﺏ"‪ .‬ﻭﺘﹸﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺭﺃﺴ‪‬ﺎ ﺃﺤﻤﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺸﱠﻴﻁﺎﻥ ﺒﺄﻨﻪ ﺃﺴﻭﺩ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﱠﺒﺢ ﺒﺄﻨﻪ ﺃﺒﻴﺽ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻔِﻴﻠﺔ ﺒﺄﻨﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺢ ﺃﻤـﺎ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺩ‪‬ﻭﺍ ِﺌ ‪‬ﺭ ﺤﻤﺭﺍﺀ ﹶﺘﺴ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻴﻨﻴﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻟﻠﱠﻭﻥ ﻟﻪ ‪‬ﺭﻤ‪‬ﻭﺯ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻭﺠ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻪ‬
‫ﺤ‪‬ﺭ‪ ‬ﹶﻜ ﹶﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺭ‪‬ﻭﺭِ؛ ﻓﺎﻷﺤﻤﺭ ﻟﻠ ‪‬ﻭﻗﹸﻭﻑ‪،‬‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﻋﻼﻤﺎﺕ ﺒـﺎﻷﻟﻭﺍﻥ ﹸﺘﻨﹾـ ِﺫ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـ ﹸﻔ ‪‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﻑ‪ .‬ﻭﻋﻨﺩ ﻗﹶﺒﺎﺌِـ ِ‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻗﺘﺭﺍﺏ ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﻭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻬﻨﹸﻭ ِﺩ ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ﻤﺭ ﺒﺄﻤﺭﻴﻜﺎ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺯ ﻟﻜـل‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟﻁﱠﻬﺎﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻷﺴﻭ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻭﺕ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺒﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﻋﻼ ِﻡ ﻭﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﺘﺭﺍﺕ؛ ﻓـﺄﻋﻼ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ـﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻷﺨﻀـ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻷﺤﻤـ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻁِﻔـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒِﻼ ِﺩ ﺍﻹﺴﻼ ِﻤﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺨﹶﻀﺭﺍﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻋﻼ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﻥ ﺒـﺩﻭ ٍﺭ ﻫـﺎ ‪‬ﻡ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻭﻴﻘﻭ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﻥ ﺃﺴﻭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺎﻨـﺕ ﺃﻟـﻭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﹸﺭﺼﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺱ ﺍﻟﺤِﺩﺍﺩ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻭﺭﺒﺎ‬
‫ﻼﺒِ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺯﻴﺎﺀِ؛ ﹶﻓﻤ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱡﺠﻭ ِﻡ )ﺍﻷﺒﺭﺍﺝ( ﺘﹸﺤـﺩ‪ ‬ﺩ ﺭ‪‬ﺴـﻤﻴ‪‬ﺎ‪:‬‬
‫ﺱ‬
‫ﻥ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻼﺒِـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﺎﺩ ﹰﺓ ﺴﻭﺩﺍﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜ ‪‬‬
‫ﺽ ﻟﻠﻁﻬ‪‬ــﺎﺭﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ــﺭﺍﺀﺓ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺒــﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ـ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﻋﻠﹶـ‬
‫ـﺎﻥ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺭﺍﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜـ‬
‫ـﻭﺭ ِﺓ ﺤﻤـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺜﱠـ‬
‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺭﻭﻤـﺎ ﺍﻹﻤﺒﺭﺍﻁﻭ ِﺭﻴ‪‬ـﺔ‬
‫ﺒﻴﻀﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﻜﺫﻟﻙ ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ـﺎ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺤﺩِﻴﺜﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻴﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺱ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻭﺩﺍﺀ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬
‫ﻭﻗﻴل ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻼ ِﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺠﺎﻋﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ـﺭﺃﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﱠـ‬
‫ـﺭ ﻟﻠﺠ‪‬ـ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻷﺤﻤـ‬
‫ـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺜـــﺎﺒ‪‬ﺭﺓ‬
‫ﻕ ﻟﻠﻴ ﹶﻘﻅﹶــ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻷﺯﺭ ﹸ‬
‫ﺏ ﺘﹶﻘـﻭ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﺩﺍﻟﹶﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻓـﻲ ﺍﻷﻟﻌـﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺞ‬
‫ﻥ ﺒﺩﻭ ٍﺭ ﻫﺎﻡ‪‬؛ ﻓﻔﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻁﹶﺭ ﹾﻨ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻟﻭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﻍ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬
‫ﻯ ﻟِﻠﻔﹶﺭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﹸﺘ ﹾﻠﺒ‪‬ﺱ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﺼ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁ ‪‬ﻊ ﺒ‪‬ﻴﻀﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻭﺴ‪‬ﻭﺩﺍﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻷﺒـﻴﺽ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ِﻘ ﹶ‬
‫‪‬ﻴﺤ ِﺩﺜﹸﻪ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻭﺕﹸ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻥ ﺍﻷﺒﻴﺽ ﻭﻫـﻭ‬
‫ﺏ‪.‬‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺩُﺃ ﺒﺎﻟﺤ‪‬ﺭﻜ ِﺔ ِﻟ ‪‬ﻴﻜﹾﺴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻟﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻁﱠﻬﺎﺭﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﱠﻘﺎﺀ ﺴﻭﻑ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺒﻌِـ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﺡ ﺍﻟﻐﻴﻭﺭ ﻤﻥ ﻤ‪‬ﺤﺎﻭ‪‬ﹶﻟﺔِ ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ـﻭ ‪‬ﺩ ِﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﻤﻜﺎﻨِﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺎﺒِﻕ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻌـﺎﻟﹶﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ل ﺍﻷﺤﻤ ‪‬ﺭ ﺒﻠﻭﻥ‬
‫ﻅﺭِ ‪‬ﻴ ﹲﺔ ﺘﹸﻌﺎ ِﺩ ُ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﹶﻨ ﹶ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻙ ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺒﻴـ‬
‫ـﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻌــﺎ ِﺭ ِ‬
‫ـﺩ‪‬ﻡ ﻓـ‬
‫ﺍﻟـ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻟﹾﻴﺎﺫﺓ‬
‫‪ILIAD‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻷﺨﻀــﺭ ﻟِﻠﻤ‪‬ــﺭ‪‬ﻭ ِﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻨــﺎﻙ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺤﺩِﻴﺜﺔ ﻴﻌﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻓﻲ ﺃﻭﺭﻭﺒﺎ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺒﺩﻭ ٍﺭ ﻫﺎ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺸﺭﺍﻑ‪ .‬ﻭ ﹶﺘﻘﹸﻭ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻷﻟﻭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﻗﺭ‪‬ﻤﺯﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺃﺭﺠ‪‬ﻭﺍ ِﻨﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻘـﺎل ﺇﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻌﺎﺩﺓ‪.‬‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺤﻤﺭ"‪ ،‬ﻭ" ‪‬ﺒﺸﹶﺭﺓ ﺒﻴﻀﺎﺀ ﻤﺜل ﺍﻟﻠﱠﺒﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺴِﻠﻤِﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﱠـﻭﻥ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ ﻴ‪‬ـ ْﺅ ِﺜﺭ‪‬ﻩ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺃﺭﻭﻉ ﻤﺎ ُﺃ ِﺜ ‪‬ﺭ ﻋـﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﱢـﻌ ِﺭ‬
‫ﺸﻌ‪‬ﻭﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻲ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﺤ ِﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻹﻟﻴـﺎ ﹶﺫ ﹸﺓ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺼ‪‬ﻭ ِﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﹸ ﹾﻨ ‪‬‬
‫‪٩٢‬‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﻲ *ﻫ‪‬ﻭﻤِﻴﺭ‪‬ﻭﺱ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ‪‬ﻴﻅﹶـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻴ‪‬ﻭﻨﺎﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﻓﻴﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺒﺤﺭﺏ ﻁﺭﻭﺍﺩﺓ‪ .‬ﻭ ﹶﺘﺘﹶﻨـﺎ ‪‬ﻭ ُ‬
‫ﻀ ِﺘﻨﹶﺎ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺒ‪‬ﻭﺍﻜِﻴ ِﺭ ﹶﻨ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﻤﺎ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ﺃﻭﺍ ِﺌ ِ‬
‫ﺵ ﺒﻴﻥ ﻋﺎﻤﻲ ‪٨٥٠ ،١٠٥٠‬‬
‫ﺃﻨﻪ ﻋﺎ ﹶ‬
‫ﺘﺘﻨﺎﻭﻟﻪ ﺤﺎﺩِﺜ ﹶﺔ ﺍﻟ ﱡﺘﻔﹼﺎﺤـ ِﺔ ﺍﻟﺫﱠﻫ ِﺒﻴ‪‬ـﺔِ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻷَﺩ ِﺒﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﻨ ﹶﻘﻠﹶﻬﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ ﺸِـﻌﺭ‪‬ﺍ‬
‫ﻕ‪.‬ﻡ‪ .‬ﻭﻤﻨﺫ ﺍﻟﻘـﺭﻥ ﺍﻟﺜـﺎﻨﻲ ﻗﺒـل‬
‫ﺸﺩ‪‬ﻩ ﺒـﻴﻥ‬
‫ﻑ ﻋﻠﻰ َﺃ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﻼﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﺨِﻼ ﹸ‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫ـ ﹶ‬
‫ﺨﻁﹾـ‬
‫ـﺎﺭﻴﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶ‬
‫ـﺔ *ﺒـ‬
‫ﻭﻤ‪‬ﺤﺎﻜﹶﻤـ‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻘﻭ‪‬ﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻴ‪‬ﻭﻨﺎ ِﻨﻴ‪‬ـﺔِ‪،‬‬
‫ﺤﹾ‬
‫*ﻫﻴﻠﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁﺒِﻌـﺕ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﺴـﺘﺎﻨﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗـﺩ ﹸ‬
‫ﺴﻠﻴﻤﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷُﺩﺒﺎ ِﺀ ﻭﻤ‪‬ـﺅﺭ‪‬ﺨﻲ ﺍﻷﺩﺏ ﺤـﻭل‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺔ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﺴـﻨﻭﺍﺕ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﻗﺎ ِﺌ ‪‬ﻊ ﺍﻷﺴﺎ ِ‬
‫‪١٩٠٤‬ﻡ‪.‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﻋ ِﺭ‬
‫ﻤﻊ * ﺍﻷُﻭﺩِﻴﺴ‪‬ـﺎ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﺎ ِ‬
‫ل ﹸﻜﻠﱡﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻭﺍﺩﻴﺔ"؛ ﻷﻨﻬﺎ ﹶﺘ ﱠﺘﺼِـ ُ‬
‫ﻟﻬﺎ ﻤ‪‬ﻐﺯﺍﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺇﻥ ﺍﻹﻟﻴﺎﺫ ِﺓ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻤﻥ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺼِﻠﺔ ﻫﻭﻤﻴﺭﻭﺱ ﺒﺎﻹﻟﻴـﺎﺫﺓ؛ ﺃﻫـﻭ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﺅﱢﻟﻔﹸﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺤﻘﻴﻕ‪ ،‬ﺃﻡ ﺃﻨﻪ ﻤ‪‬ﺠﺭ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﺸﺎﻋِﺭ ﺠﻭ‪‬ﺍل ﺍﺤﺘـﺭﻑ ﺭﻭﺍﻴﺘﹶﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﱢﺴﻊ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ ﻤﻥ ﺤﺭﺏ ﻁﺭﻭﺍﺩﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﺭﻭﻱ ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭ ﹸﺓ ﺃﻥ ﻨﻴﺘـﻴﺱ‬
‫ﻭﺘﹶﺒ ‪‬ﺩُﺃ ﺍﻹﻟﻴﺎﺫﺓ ﺒﻌﺩ ﻫـﺫﻩ ﺍﻷﺤـﺩﺍﺙ‬
‫ﺭ ‪‬ﺒ ﹶﺔ ﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ﺤ ِﺭ ﺘﺯﻭ‪‬ﺠﺕ ﻤـﻥ ﺒﻴﻠـﻭﺱ‬
‫ﻏﻀ‪‬ﺒ ِﺔ *َﺃﺨِﻴـل‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﺒﺎﺸﺭﺓﹰ؛ ﺃﻱ ﺒﻌﺩ ﹶ‬
‫ل ﺯِﻓﺎﻓِﻬﺎ‬
‫ﻀ ‪‬ﺭ ﺤ‪ ‬ﹾﻔ َ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﻠﻙ ﺘﻴﺴﺎﻟﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﻨﺘﻬﻲ ﺒﻤﺄﺘﻡ * ِﻫ ﹾﻜﺘﹸﻭﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﻻ ﹶﺘﺨﹾـ ِﺘ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺠﻤﻴ ‪‬ﻊ ﺍﻵﻟِﻬﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﻫـﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ﻔـ ِ‬
‫ﺏ ﻁﺭﻭﺍﺩﺓ؛ ﻷﻨﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺙ ﺤﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻷﺤﺩﺍ ﹸ‬
‫ﻗﺩ‪‬ﻤﺕ ﺭﺒ‪ ‬ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﱢﻘﺎﻕ ﹸﺘﻔﹼﺎﺤ ﹰﺔ ﺫﹶﻫﺒِﻴـﺔﹰ‪،‬‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻡ ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﺴﺘﻤﺭ‪‬ﺕ ﻓﻲ ﻤ‪‬ﻼ ِ‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻋﻠﻨﺕ ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﺴﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻤﻥ ﻨﹶﺼـﻴ ِ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﻭﺇﻨﺸﺎﺩ‪‬ﻫﺎ؟‪.‬‬
‫ـﺎﻡ‬
‫ـﻼل ﺒﻤﺼـ ‪‬ﺭ ﻋـ‬
‫ـﺔ ﺍﻟ ِﻬـ‬
‫ﺒﻤﻁﺒﻌـ‬
‫ﺙ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻷﺤ‪‬ـﺩﺍ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ ‪‬ﻭ ﹶﻗﻌ‪‬ـ ِ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﻀﻤ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﺍﻹﻟﻴﺎﺫ ﹸﺓ ﻓﻲ ﻓﺘﺭﺓ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺯ‪‬ﻤ ِ‬
‫ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻗﺒل ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ١١٠٠‬ﻕ‪.‬ﻡ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻌ ﹶﺘﻘﹶـ ‪‬ﺩ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻕ‬
‫ﺏ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻔﺭِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺠ ِﻤ ‪‬ﻊ ﹸﻨﻘﹼﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻷﺩ ِ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺴ ﹾ‬
‫ﺃﺠﻤل ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻀِﺭﺍﺕ؛ ﹶﻓﻨﹶﺎ ﹶﻓ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤﻌ‪‬ﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﻗﹶﺼﺎﺌِﺩ‪ ‬ﻫﻭﻤﻴﺭﻭﺱ ﺇﻨﻤـﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﻭﻨﹶﻬﺎ ﺒﻴﺯﺍﻴﺴﺘﺭﺍﺘﻭﺱ ﻓﻲ ﻋ‪‬ﺼـ ِﺭ‬
‫ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻠﺤ‪‬ﻤ ِﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻌ ِﺒ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ ﺃﻭ ﻤﻠﺤﻤـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻭ‪‬ﻗﺎ ِﺌ ِﻊ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺤﻴﺤﺔ ﻤﻥ ﻨﺎﺤﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒﻴﻥ‬
‫ﻴﻭﻨﻭ ﻭ*ﻤﻴﻨﻴﺭﭭِﺎ ﻭ* ﭭﻴﻨﻭﺱ‪ .‬ﻭﺁ ﹶﺜ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﻲ"‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﺼـ ِﺭ‬
‫ﺤ ِﻤ ‪‬‬
‫"ﺍﻟﺸﱢﻌ ِﺭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺭ ﻓﹶﺭ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻠﺤ‪‬ﻤ ِﺔ ﺍﻷَﺩ ِﺒ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ ﻴ‪‬ﺒ ِﺩﻋ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﺸﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺨﺘِﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﭙﺎﺭﻴﺱ ﺍﺒﻥ ﻤﻠﻙ ﻁـﺭﻭﺍﺩﺓ‬
‫ﻓﺎ ﹾ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺎﻨﻲ‪‬؛‬
‫ﻋﺼ‪‬ﻭ ِﺭ ﺍﻷﺩ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺜﱠﺎﻨﻲ ﻤﻥ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻡ ﺒﺎﻟﻁﹼﺎ ‪‬ﺒ ِﻊ‬
‫ل ﺍﻷُﻭﻟﹶﻰ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﺘﺘﱠ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤِﺜﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺭﻀ‪‬ﺕ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﭭﻴﻨﻭﺱ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺤ ﹶﻜﻤ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﻨﺘﻬﻲ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ٦٠٠‬ﻕ‪.‬ﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﺨ ﹶﺘﻔﹶﻰ ﻫـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﻲ ِﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺒ ِﺩﻋِﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻥ ﺍ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﺍ ِﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﺍﻤﺭﺃ ٍﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ؛ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘﻀ‪‬ﻰ‬
‫ﺠﻤ‪َ ‬‬
‫ﹶﺘﻬ‪‬ﺒ‪ ‬ﻪ َﺃ ‪‬‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻠ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾ‬
‫ﺢ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻹﻟﹾﻴﺎﺫ ﹶﺓ ﻗﺩ ﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺙ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﹼﺎ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻊ ﻓﻲ ﹶﺘﻀ‪‬ـﺎﻋِﻴﻑ ﺍﻷﺤـﺩﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻡ ﺒﻪ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﹶﺘﺘﱠ ِ‬
‫ﺫﻟﻙ ﻷﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﹶﻤﺎ َ‬
‫ل ﻟﺠﻤﻴـﻊ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺴ‪‬ـ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻜﻤِ َ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻭل ﺍﻟﻤِﺜﺎ َ‬
‫ل ﻭﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺒِﻨﺎ ِﺀ ﻤﻌ‪‬ﺎ ﻻ ﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻜ ِ‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻘﻭ‪‬ﻤﺎﺘِﻪ؛ ﻭﻫﻭ ﺇﻟﻴﺎﺫﺓ ﻫـﻭﻤﻴﺭﻭﺱ‪،‬‬
‫ﻑ ﺃﻨﻪ ﻗـﺩ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ِﺘ ‪‬ﻡ ﻓﺠﺄ ﹰﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻉ ﺍﻟﺜﹼـﺎﻨﻲ ﺇﻨﹾﻴـﺎﺩﺓ‬
‫ﻥ ﻟﻠﻨﱠﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ِﺭﺒ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴﺒﻘﺕ ﺍﻹﻟﻴـﺎﺫ ﹶﺓ ﻤ‪‬ﺠﻤ‪‬ﻭﻋـ ﹲﺔ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﭭﺭﺠﻴل ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫـﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻟـﻴﺱ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺕ ﻋﻠﻴﻬـﺎ؛‬
‫ﻋ ﹶﺘﻤ‪‬ﺩ‪ ‬ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻗﺼِﺎ ِﺌ ‪‬ﺩ ﺴﺎﺒِﻘ ﹰﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻵﻟِﻬ ﹸﺔ ﺃﻥ ﻴ‪ ‬ﺒ ﹶﺘﻌِﺩ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﻋﻥ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﱢﺯﺍﻉ؛‬
‫ﻉ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﻟِﻠﻨﱠﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸﺨﹸﻭﺹ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﻟﻬﺎ ﺒﺎﻟﺘﱡﻔﺎﺤ ِﺔ ﺍﻟﺫﱠﻫ ِﺒﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻁﻠﺒﺕ ﻤﻨـﻪ‬
‫ﭭﻴﻨﻭﺱ ﺃﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﺴﺎ ِﻓ ‪‬ﺭ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺒﻼﺩ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺎﻥ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﺨﻁﻑ *ﻫﻴﻠﻴﻥ ﺍﺒﻨﺔ *ﺠﻭﺒﻴﺘﺭ ﻭ*‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ـﻙ‬
‫ـﻴﻼﻭﺱ ﻤﻠـ‬
‫ـﺔ ﻤﻨـ‬
‫ـﺩﺍ ﻭﺯﻭﺠـ‬
‫ﻟﻴـ‬
‫ﺇﺴﺒﺎﺭﻁﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘﻬ‪‬ﺯ‪ ‬ﺒﺎﺭﻴﺱ ﻓﹸﺭﺼـ ﹶﺔ ﺘﹶﻐﻴ‪‬ـﺏِ‬
‫ﻅﻤ‪‬ﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﺎ ﺒﻘـﻲ ﻤﻨﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﻉ ﻤ‪‬ﻌ ﹶ‬
‫ﻀﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﺴ‪‬ـﺒ‪‬ﻨﺎ‬
‫ﻑ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻠﺤ‪‬ﻤ ِﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌ ِﺒ ‪‬ﻴﺔِ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺘﹶﻌﺭِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻤﻌـــﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻋـــﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﻤﻨـــﻴﻼﻭﺱ‬
‫ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻥ ِﻓﻘﹾﺭﺍﺕ ﻏﻴﺭ ﻤ‪‬ﺘﺭﺍﺒِﻁﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺝ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﺍﻹﻟﻴﺎﺫﺓ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﻤ‪‬ـﻭ ﹶﺫ ‪‬‬
‫‪ Menelaus‬ﻟﻴﻜﺘﺸــﻑ ﻓِــﺭﺍ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﺤ ِﻡ ﻤﺎ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﺩ ﻤﻥ ﺘﻠﻙ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻼ ِ‬
‫ﻑ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻴ‪‬ﺅﻟﱢ ﹸ‬
‫ﺴﻁﹸﻭ ﻓـﻲ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻌﺭِﻴـﻑ‬
‫ﺍﻫﺘﺩﻯ ﺒﻪ ﺃ ِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺯﻭﺠﺘﻪ؛ ﹶﻓﺘﹶﻤ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺯ ﻏﻀﺒ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃَﻋ ‪‬ﺩ ﺤﻤﻠ ﹰﺔ‬
‫ﺤﻠﹾﻘـﺔ‬
‫ﺢ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺘﹶﺴـﻤِﻴﺘِﻪ "ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁِﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼﹸ‬
‫ﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﻤ‪‬ﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻌﺎِﻟ ِﻡ ﺍﻷﺩﺒﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺘﺄﺩِﻴ ِﺒ ‪‬ﻴ ﹰﺔ ﻀﺨﻤ ﹰﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺃﺴِﻬﺎ ﺃﺨـﻭﻩ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻼﺤِﻡ ﺍﻟﻴ‪‬ﻭﻨﺎ ِﻨ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ ﺍﻟﻘِﺼـﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗـﺩ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﻘﹶﻭل ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻏﺭ‪‬ﻀِﻨﺎ ﻫﻨﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻨﹸﻔﺼ َ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﻏﺭ‪‬ﻯ ﻫﻴﻠﻴﻥ ﺒﺄﻥ ﹶﺘ ِﻔ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﻤﻨﻴﻼﻭﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭَﺃ ﹾ‬
‫‪٩٣‬‬
‫ـﻴﺱ‬
‫ـﻥ *ﺜﻴﺘـ‬
‫ـل ﺒـ‬
‫ل َﺃﺨِﻴـ‬
‫ـُ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﻁﹶـ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻤﺘِﻪ ﻏﻀـﺒﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﻴﻨﺴﺤﺏ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺇﻟﻰ ﹶ‬
‫ِﺒ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻨﻔِﻴﺫِﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺒﻴﻠﻴﻭﺱ‪.‬‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻡ ﺃﻨﻪ ﻟﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻤﺩ‪ ‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ـﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺃﺴِﻔﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻘ ِ‬
‫ﺱ ﻫﻴﻠــﻴﻥ ﺒﺠــﻭﺍﺭ*‬
‫ﻭﺘﹶﺠﻠِــ ‪‬‬
‫ﻕ ﻁـﺭﻭﺍﺩﺓ‪،‬‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴـ ِ‬
‫ﻭﺤﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴﻕ ﺤﺘﻰ ﻟﻭ ﺭﺁﻫﻡ ﻴ‪‬ﺒﺎﺩ‪‬ﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺒﺭﻴــﺎﻤﻭﺱ ﻭﻴﻠﺘﻘــﻲ ﺒــﺎﺭﻴﺱ‬
‫ﺤﺼِﻴﻨﺔﹶ‪ ،‬ﻭﺩﺍ ‪‬ﻡ ﺤِﺼـﺎﺭ‪‬ﻫﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻘﻠﹾﻌ ﹶﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﺎ ﻤـﻊ‬
‫ﻭﻴ‪‬ﻌ ِﻘ ‪‬ﺩ ﺃﺠﺎﻤﻤﻨﻭﻥ ﺍﺠﺘﻤﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻅ ﺒـﺎﺭﻴﺱ ﻓﻴﻁـﻴﺢ‬
‫ﻭﻴ‪‬ﺤﺎِﻟﻑﹸ ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ـ ﱡ‬
‫ﻱ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺃﻻ‬
‫ﹸﻗﻭ‪‬ﺍ ِﺩ ِﻩ ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﺴ‪‬ـ ﹶﺘ ِﻘ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟـﺭ‪ْ ‬ﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﻑ ﻤﻨﻴﻼﻭﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﻫﺫﺍ ﻴﺘﻘـﺩ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﺒﺴﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺼ ﹾﻔ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻷﻴـﺩﻱ‬
‫ﻴﻌﻭﺩﻭﺍ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺒﻼﺩِﻫﻡ ِ‪‬‬
‫ﻙ ﺒـﺎﺭﻴﺱ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺠ‪‬ﺭﺃ ٍﺓ ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻤﺴِـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻕ‬
‫ﻭﺇﻻ ﹶﻟﺤِﻘﹶﻬﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﺎ ‪‬ﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﻘﺭ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴ ﹸ‬
‫ﺨﹸﻭ ﹶﺫﺘِﻪ‪ .‬ﻭ ﹶﺘﺭ‪‬ﻯ ﻓﻴﻨﻭﺱ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟـﺩ‪‬ﺍﺌِﺭﺓ‬
‫ﻁﺭﻭﺍﺩﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﻁﻴﺭ*ﺃﻴﺭﻴﺱ ِﻟ ﹸﺘﺤ‪‬ـ ﱢﺫ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﻑ ﺒـﺎﺭﻴﺱ‬
‫ﺨﻁﹶـ ﹸ‬
‫ﺃﺭﺒِﻁ ﹶﺔ ﺍﻟﺨﹸﻭ ﹶﺫﺓِ ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹾ‬
‫ﻭﺘﺭﻭﻱ ﺍﻹﻟﻴﺎﺫﺓ ﺃﺤﺩﺍﺙ ﺨﻤﺴﻴﻥ‬
‫ﻕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻭﺍﺩﻴﻴﻥ ﻤﻥ ‪‬ﻫﺠ‪‬ﻭ ِﻡ ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴـ ِ‬
‫ﻭﺘﻌﻭﺩ ﺒﻪ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻗﹶﺼ ِﺭ ِﻩ ﻓﻲ ﻁﺭﻭﺍﺩﺓ‪،‬‬
‫ﻴﻭﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺴﻌﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﹸﺤـﺩ‪‬ﺜﻨﺎ‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺩﻋِﻲ ﻫﻜﺘﻭﺭ ﹸﻗﻭ‪‬ﺍﺘِﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺭ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻘﺏِ؛ ﹶﻓ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺜﻡ ﺘﻌﻭﺩ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻫﻴﻠﻴﻥ ﻓﻲ ﻫ‪‬ﻴﺌ ِﺔ ﻋ‪‬ﺠﻭ ٍﺯ‬
‫ﻥ ﻤﻌﺒﺩ * ﺃﺒ‪‬ﻭﻟﱡﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻘ ِﺒلُ ﺒﻨﻔﺴﻪ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﻜﺎ ِﻫ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺎﺭﻴﺱ‬
‫ـﻭﻩ ﺒـ‬
‫ـﻬﺎ ﺃﺨـ‬
‫ﺴـ‬
‫ـﻰ ﺭﺃ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻋﻠـ‬
‫ﺱ ﻓﻲ ُﺃ ﹸﺫﻨِﻬـﺎ ﺒـﺄﻥ‬
‫ﺸﻤﻁﺎﺀ ﻭ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻬ ِﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷَﺴﻴﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻤـﻥ ﹶﻨﺼِـﻴﺏِ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺩﻭ‪‬ﻩ ﺒـﺎﺭﻴﺱ‬
‫ﻭﻴﻠﻤﺢ ﻤﻨﻴﻼﻭﺱ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﻑ ﻫﻴﻠﻴﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪‬ﺭﺒ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘﻌ‪ ‬ﺭ ﹸ‬
‫ﺃﺠﺎﻤﻤﻨﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻓﻴ‪‬ﻘﺎﺒِﻠﻪ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺃﺴ‪‬ﻭَﺃ ﻤ‪‬ﻘﺎﺒ‪‬ﻠﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﺃَﻏـﺭ‪‬ﻯ ﺯﻭﺠﺘﹶـﻪ ﺒـﺎﻟﻔِﺭﺍﺭ؛‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻏ ِﻡ ﻤﻥ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻨ ﱡﻜﺭِﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﻭﺠـﻪ‬
‫ﻥ ﻭﻴﻁﻠﹸﺏ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺒﻭﻟﻭ‬
‫ﻭﻴﻐﻀﺏ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻫ ‪‬‬
‫ﻙ ﺒﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﺒﺎﺭﻴﺱ‬
‫ﻓﻴﻨﺩﻓﻊ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ِﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻔ ِﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻡ ِﻟ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺩﺨﱡﻠﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻜـﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺩ‪‬ﻭ‪.‬‬
‫ﻙ ﺒ ﹸﻘﻭ‪‬ﺍ ِ‬
‫ل ﻭ‪‬ﺒﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻔ ِﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﺭﺴِ َ‬
‫ﻴﺘﺠﻨﱠﺏ ﻟﻘـﺎﺀ‪‬ﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺨﺘﻔـﻲ ﻭﺴـﻁ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻡ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴﻌِﻴﺩﻭﺍ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎ ﹶﺓ ﺍﻷﺴﻴﺭ ﹶﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻫﻜﺘﻭﺭ ﻭﻴﻘﻭل ﺇﻨﻪ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻴ‪‬ـ ْﺅ ِﺜ ‪‬ﺭ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩِﻫﺎ ﻟﻜﻲ ﻴﻨﺠﻭﺍ ﻤﻥ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻭﺒﺎﺀ؛‬
‫ﻕ ﺒـﻪ‬
‫‪‬ﻴﺭ‪‬ﻯ ﺃﺨﺎﻩ ﻤﻴﺘﹰﺎ ﻗﺒل ﺃﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﻠﺤِ ﹶ‬
‫ﻓﻴﻁﻠﺒﻭﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺠﺎﻤﻤﻨﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻴ‪ ‬ﹶﺘﻨﹶﺎﺯ‪‬ل‬
‫ﻭﺒﻘﻭﻤﻪ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻌـﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﻘـﻭل ﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺒﺜﹰـﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻴﻌﺜـﺭ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﻤﻨﻴﻼﻭﺱ ‪‬‬
‫ﺡ ﺃﺠـﺎﻤﻤﻨﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺼﺭ‪ ‬‬
‫ﻋﻥ ﺍﻷﺴِﻴﺭ ِﺓ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ِﺘﻌ‪‬ﺩﺍ ٍﺩ ِﻟﻤ‪‬ﺒـﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺯ ِﺓ‬
‫ﺒﺎﺭﻴﺱ ﺇﻨﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﻨﻴﻼﻭﺱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻫﻴﻠﻴﻥ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺩﻭ‪‬ﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴ ﱠﺘ ِﻬ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟﻁـﺭﻭﺍﺩﻴﻴﻥ ﺒـﺄﻨﻬﻡ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻙ ﺒ‪‬ﻌـ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﻭﻩِ‪،‬‬
‫ﺤﺎﻟﹸﻭﺍ ﺒﻴﻨﻪ ﻭﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔﺘﹾـ ِ‬
‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﺤﺼل ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺠﺎﺭِﻴـ ِﺔ ﺃﺨﻴـل؛‬
‫ﺏ ﻫﻜﺘﻭﺭ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘﺼِﺭِ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺭﺤ‪ ‬‬
‫ﹶﻨﺼِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺏ ﺒِ ﹶﺘﺴ‪‬ـﻠِﻴ ِﻡ‬
‫ﻭﻴﺘﻘﺩ‪‬ﻡ ﺃﺠﺎﻤﻤﻨﻭﻥ ﻭﻴ‪‬ﻁﺎِﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺃﻨـﻪ ﺴـﻭﻑ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ‪‬ﻴﺜﹸﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ﻫﺫﺍ ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻌﻠِـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺡ ﻭﻴ‪‬ﻌﺭِﻀـﻪ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺒﻬﺫﺍ ﺍﻻﻗﺘـﺭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺼ ـ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ـﺩ ﺃﻥ ﺍ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ـﻭﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﺒﻌـ‬
‫ـﻴﻥ ﻓـ‬
‫ﻫﻴﻠـ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﻁﻴ‪‬ـ ﹾ‬
‫ل ﺇﺫﺍ ﺃُﻋ ِ‬
‫ﻴﻨﺴﺤﺏ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻘِﺘـﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴﻕ ﻓﻴﻘﺒﻠﹸﻭﻨﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻌﻬ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ـﺎﺭﻴﺱ ﻓـ‬
‫ـﻰ ﺒـ‬
‫ـﻴﻼﻭﺱ ﻋﻠـ‬
‫ﻤﻨـ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺃﺠـــﺎ ِﻤ ‪‬ﻤﻨﹸﻭﻥ ‪Agamemnon‬‬
‫ﺃﺠﺎﻤﻤﻨﻭﻥ ﻻ ‪‬ﻴﻌ‪‬ﺒﺄ ﺒﻭﻋﻴـﺩ ﺃﺨﻴـل‪،‬‬
‫*ﺒﺭﻴﺎﻤﻭﺱ ﻤﻠﻙ ﻁﺭﻭﺍﺩﺓ ﺸﹶﺨﺼﻴ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﻭﻋ‪‬ﺒﺜﹰﺎ ﺤﺎ ‪‬ﻭﻟﹸﻭﺍ ﺃﻥ ﻴﻘﺘﺤﻤـﻭﺍ ﻫـﺫﻩ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﻟﻬﺎ ﺘِﺴﻊ ﺴﻨﻭﺍﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﺴ ِﺒﻴ‪‬ﺘﺎﻥ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺕ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁ ﹾ‬
‫ﺙ ﺃﻥ ﺴ‪ ‬ﹶﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﺤ‪‬ﺩ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﺃﻴﺩﻱ ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴﻕ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻤ ِﻨﺤ‪‬ﺕ ﺇﺤـﺩﺍﻫ‪‬ﻤﺎ‬
‫ﺃﺨﻴل‪.‬‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﻜﺭِ ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴﻕ ِﻟﻴ‪‬ﻔ ﹶﺘﺩِﻱ ﺍﺒﻨﺘﻪ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ‪‬ﻤﻌ‪ ‬‬
‫ﺒﺎﺭﻴﺱ ﻤﺭ ﹰﺓ ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﻓﻴﻨﻭﺱ‬
‫ﺢ ﻓﻲ ﺇﻗﻨﺎﻋِﻬﺎ ﺒﺭﺅﻴﺘﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺠ‪‬‬
‫ﹶﺘ ﹾﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﻥ ﺫﻟﻙ ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺕ ﻴﺤﺎ ِﻭ ُ‬
‫ﻏﻀ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻓﻲ ﹸ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺠﺎﺭﻴﺘﹸــﻪ ﻷﺠــﺎﻤﻤﻨﻭﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻜــﻥ‬
‫ﻑ ﺍﻟﻁـﺭﻭﺍﺩﻴﻴﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﺤـﺯﻥ‬
‫ﺼﻔﹸﻭ ِ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺡ ﺒﺄﻨﻬﺎ ﻻ ﺘﹶـ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺩ ﺃﻥ ﺘﹶـﺭ‪‬ﻯ‬
‫ﻭﺘﹸﺼﺭ‪ ‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺴﺒِﻴﻠِﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺃﻨﻪ ﻻ ﻤﺎ ِﻨ ‪‬ﻊ ﻟﺩﻴﻪ ﻤﻥ ﺇﺨﻼﺀ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺇﻨﻴﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺨﺭﺝ ﻟﻤ‪‬ﻼﻗﺎ ِﺓ ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴﻕ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒﺎﺭﻴﺱ ﻴﻨﺘﻅﺭﻫـﺎ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﹶﺼـﺭِ‪.‬‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﻕ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻜﻬ‪‬ﻨـﺔِ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻭﻴ‪‬ﻌﹶﻠ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴ ﹸ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘِﻴﺎ ‪‬ﻡ ﺒﻤﺤﺎﻭﻟﺔ ﺃﺨﻴﺭﺓ ﻟﻠ ‪‬ﻬﺠ‪‬ﻭ ِﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﻙ‬
‫ﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻨﹶﺼـﻴﺭِﻫﺎ؛ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺘﻔﹸـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻗﺩ ﺩﺍ ‪‬ﺭ ﹾ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﻁـ ِ‬
‫ـﺭﻯ ﻟﻠ ‪‬ﺒ ﹶ‬
‫ـﺎﻤﻤﻨﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻷﺨـ‬
‫ﻷﺠـ‬
‫ﺨﺭِﻫﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋﻥ ﺁ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻨﻴﻼﻭﺱ ﻓـﻲ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌﺭ‪‬ﻜـ ٍﺔ ‪‬ﺭﻫِﻴﺒـ ٍﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻜﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪٩٤‬‬
‫ﺽ ﺠ‪‬ﻨــ ِﺩﻴ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﺤــﺎﺭِﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﹸﺤــﺭ‪ ‬‬
‫ﻫﻜﺘــﻭﺭ ﻭﺯ‪‬ﻭﺠﺘِــ ِﻪ ﺃﻨــﺩﺭﻭﻤﺎﻙ‬
‫ﹸﻗﻭ‪‬ﺍ ِﺩ ِﻩ ﻓﻲ ﺨﻴﻤﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻨـﺯل ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﻕ ﺴـﻬﻤ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﻁﻠِـ ﹸ‬
‫ﻁﺭﻭﺍﺩﻴ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ﺘﹶﺼــﻭِﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤ‪‬ــ َﺅ ﱢﺜﺭ‪‬ﺍ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﺤــﺎﻭل‬
‫ﺇﺭﺍﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻀِﺭﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻘﺒل ﺍﻻﻋﺘﺫﺍ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﻴﺼﻴﺏ ﺒـﻪ ﻤﻨـﻴﻼﻭﺱ؛ ﹶﻓ ‪‬ﻴﺜﹸـﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﺃﻨــﺩﺭﻭﻤﺎﻙ ‪ Andromache‬ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺘﺜﻨﻲ ﺯﻭﺠﻬﺎ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﻭﺩ ِﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻤ‪‬ﻴﺩﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺙ ﺇﻟﻴــﻪ‬
‫ﺇﻟــﻰ *ﺃﺨِﻴــل‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺒﻌ‪‬ــ ﹸ‬
‫*ﺃﻭﻟﻴﺴﻭﺱ ﻭﺃﺠﺎﻜﺱ؛ ﻟِﻴﻁﻠﹸﺒﺎ ﻤﻨـﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻭﺍﺩﻴﻴﻥ ﻭﺘﺴﻴل ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻤﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﺍﻨﻬﺎﺭ‪‬ﺍ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘِﺘﺎل؛ ﹶﻓ ﹸﺘ ﹶﺫﻜﱢ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻩ ﺒﺄﻨﻪ ﻟﻡ ﻴﻌﺩ ﻫﻨـﺎﻙ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻭﺩ ﹶﺓ ﻭﺍﻻﺸﺘﺭﺍﻙ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻘِﺘـﺎل‪،‬‬
‫ﺕ ﹸﻜلﱠ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﻴﺤﻤﻴﻬﺎ ﺴِﻭﺍﻩ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺃﻥ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘﺩ‪ ‬ﹾ‬
‫ﺨﻠﱠﻰ ﻟـﻪ ﺃﺠـﺎﻤﻤﻨﻭﻥ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ِﻌﺩ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﻩ ﺒﺄﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺃَﻫﻠِﻬﺎ ﻭﻋﺸﻴﺭﺘﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜـﻥ ﻫﻜﺘـﻭﺭ‬
‫ﻋﻥ ﺍﻟﺠﺎﺭﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒﺄﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺯ ‪‬ﻭﺠ‪‬ـﻪ – ﺇﺫﺍ‬
‫ﻴﺘﺨﻠﱠﺹ ﻤﻨﻬﺎ ِﺒ ِﺭﻓﹾﻕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻘﻭل ﻟﻬﺎ ﺇﻥ‬
‫ﺸﺎ ‪‬ﺀ – ﻤﻥ ﺇﺤﺩﻯ ﺒ‪‬ﻨﺎﺘِـﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜـﻥ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﻱ‬
‫ﻁ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺒ ﹸﺔ *ﻤﻴﻨﻴﺭﻓﺎ ﻓـﻲ ِﺯ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻬ ِﺒ ﹸ‬
‫ﺼﻭ‪ ‬ﺭ ﺍﻹﻟﻴـﺎﺫ ﹸﺓ ﺍﻟﻠﻘـﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﺒـﻴﻥ‬
‫ﻭ ﹸﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻌ ِﻘ ‪‬ﺩ ﺃﺠﺎﻤﻤﻨﻭﻥ ﻤ‪‬ـﺅﺘﻤﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤـﻊ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻡ ﺒﺠﻨﻭﺩﻩ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺃﺠﺎﻤﻤﻨﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺩﻴﻭﻤﻴﺩﺱ ‪Diomedes‬‬
‫ﻭﻴ‪‬ﺼﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺡ ﻗﺎﺘِل ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﻤﻴﻨﻴﺭﻓﺎ ﺘﻌﺎﻟﺠـﻪ‬
‫ﺒﺠ‪‬ﺭ ٍ‬
‫ﺡ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺤـﺎل‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻌـﻭﺩ‬
‫ﻓﻴﻠ ﹶﺘ ِﺌ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟﺠ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺽ‬
‫ﻑ ﻴﻘﺘﻀــﻴﻪ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴﺨﹸــﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠــﺭ ﹶ‬
‫ﺃﺨﻴل ﻴـﺭﻓﺽ ﺍﻟﻌـﻭﺩﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﻌـﻭﺩ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﻌﺸﺭﺍﺕ ﻤﻥ ﺃﻋﺩﺍﺌِﻪ ﻭﻴﻭﺸـﻙ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻀﻡ‪‬‬
‫ﻁﻨِﻪ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻜﺔ ﻤﻊ ﺃﺒﻨﺎﺀ ﻭ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺭﺴ‪‬ﻭﻻﻥ ﻟﻴﻌﻠﻨﺎ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒ‪‬ﺄ ﺒـﻴﻥ َﺃﺴ‪‬ـ ِ‬
‫ﻉ‬
‫ﻴﻘﻀﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻨﻴﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﻟﻭﻻ ﺃﻥ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ‪‬ﹶﻟﺩ‪ ‬ﻩ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺼ‪‬ﺩﺭِﻩ ﻭﻴﺴﻠﻤﻪ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻤﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﺠﻤِﻴﻊ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁﻔﹶـ ‪‬ﻪ ﺒﻌﻴـﺩ‪‬ﺍ‪.‬‬
‫ﺨ ﹶﺘ ِ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻴﻪ *ﻓﻴﻨﻭﺱ ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹾ‬
‫ﻭﻴﻨﻁﻠﻕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻤﻴﺩﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﺘﺎل‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻨﻀﻡ‬
‫ـﻨﻬﺽ‬
‫ل ﻴـ‬
‫ـِ‬
‫ـﺎ ِﺀ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻴـ‬
‫ـﻲ ﺃﺜﻨـ‬
‫ﻭﻓـ‬
‫ﻙ ﻁﻭﺍل ﺍﻟﻨﻬـﺎﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘﻤِ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎ ِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺃﺨﻭﻩ ﺒﺎﺭﻴﺱ‪ .‬ﻭﻤﺎ ﺇﻥ ﻴ‪‬ـﺭﻯ‬
‫ﺃﺠﺎﻤﻤﻨﻭﻥ ﻭﻤﻨﻴﻼﻭﺱ ﻭ* ﻨﺴﻁﻭﺭ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻴ‪‬ﻘﺭ‪ ‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﻭﺩ ﹶﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻁﺭﻭﺍﺩﺓ ﻟﻴﻁﻠﺏ‬
‫ﺤﺘﻰ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻬﻠﱢﻠﻭﺍ ﹶﻓ ‪‬ﺭﺤ‪‬ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴﻕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻘﺘﺭﺡ ﻨﺴﻁﻭﺭ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﻙ‬
‫ﺩﻴﻭﻤﻴﺩﺱ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻤ‪‬ﻴﺩﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻘِﺘﺎل ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻔ ِﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﺘﺸﺎﻭﺭ *ﻫﻜﺘﻭﺭ ﻤﻊ ﺃﺼـﺩﻗﺎﺌِﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ـﺩﺱ ِﻟ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻔ ﱡﻘـ ِﺩ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻭﻟﻴﺴـﻭﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺩﻴﻭﻤﻴـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻭﺍﺩﻴﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﺸـﻘﻴﻘﻴﻥ ﻴﺒـﺭﺯﺍﻥ؛‬
‫ﻟﻠ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺒ ِﺔ ﻤﻴﻨﻴﺭﻓﺎ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﻴﻨـﺩﻓﻊ ﻫﻜﺘـﻭﺭ‬
‫ل ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴﻕ؛ ﹶﻓ ‪‬ﻴﺒ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺯ‬
‫ﺤﺩ‪‬ﻯ ﺃﺒﻁﺎ َ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻭﺍﺩﻴﻴﻥ ﻻﻜﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﻤﺎ ﻴ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﺒﺭ‪‬ﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺤﺜﹰﺎ ﻋﻥ ﺒـﺎﺭﻴﺱ؛ ﻓﻴﺠـﺩﻩ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺒﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺃﺠﺎﻜﺱ ‪ Ajax‬ﻭﻴﺩﻭﺭ ﺒﻴﻨﻬﻤـﺎ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﻨِﺴﺎﺌِﻬﺎ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴﻘﹶـﺩ‪‬ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻘـﺭﺍﺒﻴﻥ‬
‫ﻭﻴﺘﻘﺩ‪‬ﻡ ﻫﻜﺘـﻭﺭ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻴـﺩﺍﻥ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﻴﺘﺴﻠﱠل ﺃﺤـﺩ‪‬ﻫﻡ ﺇﻟـﻰ ‪‬ﻤﻌ‪‬ﺴـﻜ ِﺭ‬
‫ﻭﻴﻁﻠﺏ ﻫﻜﺘﻭﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺨﻴﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻴﻌﻭ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ل ﺒﻴﻨﻬﻤﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﻘِﺘﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﹼﻤﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ َﺅﺠ‪ُ ‬‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻪ ﺒﺄﻨﻪ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﻘِﺘﺎل‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺼﺎ ِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﻤﻴﺩﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻐﺩِ‪.‬‬
‫ﻤﺴــﺌﻭل ﻋﻤــﺎ ﻴﺘﻌــﺭ‪‬ﺽ ﻟــﻪ‬
‫ﻭﺩﻴﻭﻤﻴﺩﺱ ﺒﺎﻟﻘِﻴﺎ ِﻡ ﺒﻬـﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﻤـل‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﻠﺘﻘﻴﺎﻥ ﻓﻲ ﻁﺭﻴﻘﻬﻤـﺎ ﺒـﺩﻭﻟﻭﻥ؛‬
‫ﻭﻫــﻭ ﺠﺎﺴ‪‬ــﻭﺱ ﻁــﺭﻭﺍﺩﻱ‪،‬‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﹶﺼ ِﺭ ﻤﻊ *ﻫﻴﻠﻴﻥ ﻭﻭﺼـﻴﻔﺎﺘِﻬﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘﻤِ ‪‬ﺭ ﺤﺘﻰ ﻏﹸـﺭ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ل ‪‬ﻤﺭِﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﻴ‪ ‬‬
‫ﻗِﺘﺎ ٌ‬
‫ﻁﻁٍ؛ ﹶﻓ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺭﺤ‪‬ـﺏ ﺃﻭﻟﻴﺴـﻭﺱ‬
‫ﺨﹶ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﹸ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﻑ ﺍﻟﻘِﺘـﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻴﻘﺘﺭﺡ ﺒﺭﻴﺎﻤﻭﺱ ﻭ‪ ‬ﹾﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻴﺴﺘﺨﻠﺼﺎﻥ ﻤﻨﻪ ﻜل ﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻴﺘﹸﻭﻗـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺕ ﻟﻤﺎ َﺃﺒ‪‬ـﺩ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﻩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻭﺍﺩﻴﻭﻥ ﻤﻥ ‪‬ﻭﻴ‪‬ﻼ ٍ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹾﺘﻠﹶﻰ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻴﻘﻴﻥ ﻓﺘﺭ ﹰﺓ ِﻟ ‪‬ﺩ ﹾﻓ ِ‬
‫ل ﺯﻭﺠﺘﹶﻪ ﻭﺍﺒﻨﻪ ﻓﻤﻥ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﻤﺴﻜﻨﻪ ﻟِ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﺒ َ‬
‫ﻱ ﻤ‪‬ﺴـﺎﻋ‪‬ﺩ ٍﺓ‬
‫ﻴ‪ ‬ﻤ ﹶﺘ ِﻨﻌ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﻋﻥ ﺘﹶﻘـﺩِﻴ ِﻡ ﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﺃﻭﻟﻴﺴﻭﺱ ﻭﺩﻴﻭﻤﻴـﺩﺱ‬
‫ﻭﻴ‪ ‬ﹶﺘﺴ‪‬ﱠﻠ ُ‬
‫ﻴﺩﺭﻱ؛ ﻟﻌﻠﻪ ﻻ ﻴﺭﺍﻫﻤﺎ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺍﻟﻴـﻭﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻠﻔﺭﻴﻘﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺘﺤﺎﺭِﺒﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻻ ﻋﺎ ﹶﻗﺒ‪‬ﻬﻡ‬
‫ﺇﻟــﻰ ﻤﻌﺴــﻜﺭ ﺍﻟﻁــﺭﻭﺍﺩﻴﻴﻥ‪،‬‬
‫ﺨﺩ‪‬ﻡ ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﻓﻭﻕ ﺍﻷﺴﻭﺍﺭ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻌﹶﻠ ‪‬ﻡ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ـﺎﺭﻭﺱ‬
‫ـﻲ ﺘﺎﺭﺘــ‬
‫ـﺠﻥ ﻓــ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﺴــ‬
‫ﺴﺘﹶﻭﻟِﻴﺎﻥ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﻟﺠِﻴـﺎ ِﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻜ ﹶﺔ ﻓﻴﻨﻁﻠﻕ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭﻗﹸ ‪‬‬
‫‪.Tartarus‬‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺒﺎﺡ ﻴ‪ ‬ﹾﻠ ﹶﺘﺤِ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟﺠ‪‬ﻴﺸﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴ‪‬ﺼـﺎ ‪‬‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﻤﻜﺎﻥ ﺠِﻴﺎﺩ ﺭﻴﺯﻭﺱ‪.‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻉ ﻫﻜﺘﻭﺭ‬
‫ﻥ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺒ ٍ‬
‫ﻑ ﻭ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﻀ‪‬ﻌ ٍ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﺤ‪‬ــﺫﱢ ‪‬ﺭ ﺠــﻭﺒﻴﺘﺭ ﺍﻵﻟﻬــﺔ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻤﻥ ﻤ‪‬ﻌﻠﹸﻭﻤﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻌﺭﻓﺎﻥ ﻤﻨـﻪ‬
‫‪٩٥‬‬
‫ﺤﺙﱡ ﺭﺠﺎﻟﹶﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻊ ﻫﻜﺘﻭﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﹶﻴ ﹶﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺃﺨﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﺒﻬﻜﺘﻭﺭ ﻭﻴﺩﻭﺭ ﺒﻴﻨﻬﻤﺎ ﻗِﺘـﺎل‬
‫ﺤﻘﱢـﻪِ‪،‬‬
‫ﻋﻤﺎ ﺍﺭﺘﻜﺒﻪ ﻤﻥ ﺨﻁﺄ ﻓـﻲ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﻬﺎﺠ‪‬ﻤ ِﺔ ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴﻕ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺩ ﻫـﺅﻻﺀ‬
‫ﻑ ﺃﺒﻭﻟـﻭ‬
‫ﺨ ﹶﺘﻁِـ ﹸ‬
‫ﻋﻨﻴﻑ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓﺠـﺄ ﹰﺓ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ﻭﻴﻘﺩ‪‬ﻡ ﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﻬـﺩﺍﻴﺎ ﻭﻴﻘـﻴﻡ ‪‬ﻤ ْﺄﺩ‪‬ﺒـ ﹰﺔ‬
‫ل ﻤﻌﺴﻜﺭﻫﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺩﺍﺨِ َ‬
‫ﺼﻨﹸﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻴﻭ ِﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺎﻟﻲ ﻴﺘﺠﺩ‪ ‬ﺩ ﺍﻟﻘِﺘـﺎل‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﹸﻭ ﹶﺫ ﹶﺓ ﻤﻥ ﻓﻭﻕ ﺭﺃﺱ ﺒﺘـﺭﻭﻜﻠﺱ‪،‬‬
‫ﺕ ﻋـﺩﻭ‪‬ﻩ‬
‫ﻀ ‪‬ﺭﺒ‪‬ﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻴﺘﺭﻜﻪ ﻋ‪‬ﺭﻀ ﹰﺔ ِﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻀﺭ‪‬ﻫﺎ ﻗﹶﺒ َ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺽ ﺃﺨﻴل ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺭﻓﹸ ‪‬‬
‫ﻑ ﺃﺠﺎﻜﺱ ﺼﺨﺭ ﹰﺓ ﺘﺴﻘﻁ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﻭﻴ‪‬ﻘ ِﺫ ﹸ‬
‫ﺡ ﺨﻁﻴـ ٍﺭ‬
‫ﺏ ﺒﺠ‪‬ـﺭ ٍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﱠﻠﺩ‪‬ﻭﺩ؛ ﹶﻓﻴ‪‬ﺼﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﺭ‪‬ﺒ ِﺘ ِﻪ ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ﺭﺒﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻘ ِﻔ ‪‬ﺯ ﺃﺨﻴل ﺇﻟﻰ ‪‬‬
‫ﻅ ﺃﻨﻔﺎﺴ‪‬ﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﻨﺩﻓﻊ ﻤﻨـﻴﻼﻭﺱ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻠ ِﻔ ﹸ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﻘِﺘﺎل‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻠﺘﻘﻲ‬
‫ﻕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻤ‪‬ﻴﺩﺍ ِ‬
‫ﻁﻠِ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﻴ‪ ‬ﹾﻨ ﹶ‬
‫ِﻟﺤِﻤﺎﻴ ِﺔ ﺠ‪‬ﺜﻤﺎﻥ ﺒﺘﺭﻭﻜﻠﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻨﻘـﺎﺫ‬
‫ﻙ ﺒﻪ ﻟﻭﻻ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻨﻴﺎﺱ ﻭﻴﻭﺸﻙ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻔ ِﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻉ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺩ ِﺓ ﺃﺨﻴل ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺒﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻭﻗﹸﻭ ِ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺩ ﺃﻴﺩﻱ ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ ﻭﺘﺨﺘﻁﻔـﻪ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺏ ﺒﻴـﻨﻬﻡ‬
‫ﺃﻨﻔﺴﻬﻡ ﺒﻼ ﻗﺎﺌِـﺩ؛ ﹶﻓﺘﹶـ ِﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﻉ‬
‫ل ﺇﻟﻰ *ﺃﺨﻴل ﹶﻨ ‪‬ﺒُﺄ ‪‬ﻤﺼ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ﺼُ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻴﻁﻠﺏ ﻤ‪‬ﺒﺎﺭ‪‬ﺯ ﹶﺓ ﻫﻜﺘﻭﺭ‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﺘﻘﺩ‪‬ﻡ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﹶﻭﻀ‪‬ﻰ ﻭﻴﺘﺭﺍﺠﻌـﻭﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﻴ‪‬ﺭﺴِـلُ‬
‫ل ﻭﻴ‪ ‬ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘﺤِـﺏ‬
‫ﻁُ‬
‫ﺒﺘﺭﻭﻜﻠﺱ؛ ﻓﻴﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒ ﹶ‬
‫ﻫﺫﺍ ﻓﻲ ﺸﹶﺠﺎﻋﺔٍ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﻤ‪‬ﻨِ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺔ ﻫﻜﺘﻭﺭ‬
‫ﺠﻭﺒﻴﺘﺭ ﺍﻹﻟﻪ ﺃﺒﻭﻟﻭ ِﻟﻌِﻼﺝ ﻫﻜﺘﻭﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﻉ‬
‫ل ﺘﺴﻤﻌﻪ ﺜﻴﺘﻴﺱ؛ ﹶﻓﺘﹸ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﻋﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﺒﺼﻭ ٍ‬
‫ﻟﻡ ﺘﺤِﻥ ﺒﻌﺩ‪ ،‬ﻓﺘﻔﺼل ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ ﺒـﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺜﻡ ﻴﻬﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻭﺍﺩﻴﻭﻥ ﻭﻴﻘﺘﺤﻤـﻭﻥ‬
‫ﻑ ﺒﺠﻭﺍﺭ ﻭﻟﺩﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻘﺴِـ ‪‬ﻡ ﻟﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﻟِ ﹶﺘﻘِ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺘﺤﺎﺭِﺒﻴﻥ‪.‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﻁﻌ‪‬ﻨـﺔٍ ﻤـﻥ ﺭ‪‬ﻤـﺢ؛‬
‫ﺃﺠﺎﻤﻤﻨﻭﻥ ﺒ ﹶ‬
‫ﺒﺘﺭﻭﻜﻠﺱ ﻭﻴ‪‬ﻁﺎ ِﺭ ‪‬ﺩ ﺃﻋﺩﺍﺀ‪‬ﻩ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺘﻘِﻲ‬
‫ﺼﺩﻴﻘﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴ‪ ‬ﻌ ﹶﺘﺫِ ‪‬ﺭ ﺃﺠﺎﻤﻤﻨﻭﻥ ﻷﺨﻴل‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﻫﻜﺘﻭﺭ ﻓﻴﻘﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﺭﺽِ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜـﻥ‬
‫ل ﺃﻥ ﻴ‪ ‬ﹶﻘﻊ‪ ‬ﺃﺴـﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻓـﻲ ﺃﻴـﺩﻱ‬
‫ﻗﺒ َ‬
‫ﻉ ﺇﻟﻴـﻪ ﺭﺠﺎﻟﹸـﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴﻕ؛ ‪‬ﻴﻬ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻜـﺔ؛ ﻓﻴﻨـﺎﺩﻱ ﺃﺨﻴـل‬
‫ﻤﻴﺩﺍ ِ‬
‫ﻙ ﺭﻫﻴﺒﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ِﺩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺩﻭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺩﻭﺭ ﻤ‪‬ﻌﺎ ِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ـﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺠ ـ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻭﺍﺩﻴـ‬
‫ﻭﻴﻨﻘﺫﻭﻨـ‬
‫ـﻪ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻴ‪ ‬ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘﻘِﻡ‪ ‬ﻟﺼﺩﻴﻘِﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ل ﺃﻥ‬
‫*ﺒﺘﺭﻭﻜﻠﺱ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﺨﻴل‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺤﺎ ِﻭ ُ‬
‫ﻓﺘﻁﻠﺏ ﻤﻨﻪ ﺃﻤﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻴﻨﺘﻅﺭ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻐﺩ‬
‫ﻥ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﻨﹶﻬـﺭِ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴﻕ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﺼِـﻠﹸﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﺩ‪‬ﺓِ ﺒﻨﻲ ﻭﻁﻨـﻪ‪،‬‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻐﺭِﻴﻪ ﺒﺎﻟﻘِﺘﺎل ﻟِ ﹶﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ل ﻟﻪ ﻤﻥ *ﻓﻭﻟﻜـﺎﻨﻭﺱ‬
‫ﺼَ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﺘﱠﻰ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻙ‬
‫ﺇﻜﺴﺎﻨﺘﻭﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻌﻘﱠﺒﻬﻡ ﺃﺨﻴل ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻔ ِﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﺃﺨﻴـل ‪‬ﻴﺼ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻡ ﺃﺫﻨﻴـﻪ ﻋـﻥ‬
‫ﺏ ﺠﺩﻴـﺩﺓ؛ ﻓﻴﻌـﺩﻫﺎ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺩ ِﺓ ﺤ‪‬ﺭ ٍ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤِﺌﺎﺕ ﻤﻨﻬﻡ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﻴﻌﻭﺩ ﻭﻤﻌﻪ ﺍﺜﻨـﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻭﺴ‪‬ﻼﺕ ﺒﺘﺭﻭﻜﻠﺱ؛ ﻓﻴﻁﻠﺏ ﻤﻨـﻪ‬
‫ﻕ ﺼ‪‬ـﻴﺤ ﹰﺔ‬
‫ﻁﻠِ ﹶ‬
‫ﺒﺫﻟﻙ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻜﺘﻔﻲ ﺒﺄﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﻉ‬
‫ﻕ ﻤﻥ ﺠﺩﻴﺩ؛ ﻓ ‪‬ﻴﻬ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻤﻌﺴﻜ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺃﺨﻴل ﺃﻨﻪ ﺴ‪‬ﻴ‪ ‬ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘﻘِ ‪‬ﻡ ﻟﻤﺼﺭﻉ ﺼﺩﻴ ِﻘﻪِ؛‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﻔِــ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻭﺍﺩﻴــﻭﻥ ﺃﻤــﺎ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﻋﺭ‪‬ﺒ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻪ ﻭﺭﺤﻠﻪ؛ ﹶﻓ ‪‬ﻴﺠِﻴ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻪ ﺃﺨﻴل ﺇﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻭ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﻴﻔﺭﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻜﺫﺍ ﻴﺴﺘﻁﻴﻊ ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴﻕ‬
‫ﻁﻠﺒﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺠﺜﱠﺔ ﺒﺘـﺭﻭﻜﻠﺱ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﻴﺤﻤﻠﻭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﺩ‪‬ﺓِ ﺯ‪‬ﻤﻼﺌِﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﻨﺩﻓﻊ ﺒﺘﺭﻭﻜﻠﺱ ﻟِ ﹶﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﻌﺘﻘﺩ ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻭﺍﺩﻴﻭﻥ ﺃﻨـﻪ ﺃﺨﻴـل؛‬
‫ﺼﺩِﻴﻘِﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﻐﻀﺏ ﺇﻟ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﻬ ِﺭ ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺼﻡ‪ ‬ﺃﺫﻨﻴـﻪ ﻋـﻥ‬
‫‪‬ﻴﺭ‪‬ﻯ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺨﻴل ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻷﺴﺭﻯ ﺒﺎﻹﺒﻘـﺎ ِﺀ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻭﺴ‪‬ﻼ ِ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﻋﺩ‪‬ﺘـ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ﺭ ِﺒﻴ‪‬ـ ﹶﺔ‬
‫ﻫﺫﺍ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴﻌِﻴـﺭ‪‬ﻩ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺩﻭ‪‬ﻴ ﹰﺔ ﺘﻬﺘﺯ ﻟﻬﺎ ﺃَﻓﺌِﺩ ﹸﺓ ﺍﻟﻁـﺭﻭﺍﺩﻴﻴﻥ‬
‫ﻲ ﺒﻬﻡ ﻓﻭﻕ ﻗﹶﺒ ِﺭ‬
‫ﺤ‪‬‬
‫ﻀ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﺸ ‪‬ﺭ ﺃﺴﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺴﻜﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﻐﺭﺏ ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺱ ﻭﻴ‪ ‬ﹶﺘﻭ‪ ‬ﱠﻗ ﹸ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺩ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺤ‪‬ﻴﺎﺘِﻬﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﺜﹸﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻹﻟﻪ ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘِﺘﺎل‪.‬‬
‫ﺙ‬
‫ﺠﺜﹶـ ِ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﻬﺭ ﻗﺩ ﹶﺘﻜﹶـ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻕ ﹶﻓﻴ‪‬ﻁﺎ ِﺭﺩ‪‬ﻭﻨﻬﻡ ﺤﺘﱠﻰ ﺃﺒﻭﺍﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴ ﹸ‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺩ ِﺓ ﺤ‪‬ـﺭ ٍ‬
‫ﻤﻥ *ﻓﻭﻟﻜﺎﻨﻭﺱ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪‬‬
‫ﻟﻭﻻ ﺃﻥ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺩ ﺃَﻴﺩِﻱ ﻨﺒﺘﻭﻥ ﻭﻤﻴﻨﻴﺭﻓﺎ‬
‫ﻁﺭﻭﺍﺩﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﻭﺸـﻙ ﺒﺘـﺭﻭﻜﻠﺱ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺠﺩِﻴﺩﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﻘﺩ‪‬ﻤﻬﺎ ﻻﺒﻨﻬـﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤـﺎ ﺇﻥ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻹﻨﻘﺎﺫِﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﻙ ﺒﻬﻜﺘﻭﺭ ﻟـﻭﻻ ﺃﻥ ﻴ‪ ‬ﻌ ﹶﺘﺭِﻀ‪‬ـﻪ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻔ ِﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﻓﻴـﻪ‬
‫ﻴﺭﺍﻫﺎ ﺃﺨﻴـل ﺤﺘﱠـﻰ ﺘﹶـ ِﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﻙ‬
‫ﻭﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻴﺭ‪‬ﻯ *ﺒﺭﻴﺎﻤﻭﺱ ‪‬ﻤﻠِـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴﺎﺭﺒﻴﺩﻭﻥ ﻭﻴﺘﺤـﺩ‪‬ﺍﻩ؛ ﻓﻴﺼـﺭﻋﻪ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻡ ﺃﻥ ﻴ‪ ‬ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘﻘِﻡ‪ ‬ﻟﻤﺼﺭﻉ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ﻤﺎﺴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻘ ِ‬
‫ﺠﻨﹸـﻭﺩِﻩ؛‬
‫ﻁﺭﻭﺍﺩﺓ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺠ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺯ ﻫ‪‬ﺯِﻴﻤ ﹶﺔ ‪‬‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻊ‬
‫ﻓﻴﺘﺭﺍﺠﻌﻭﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺃَﻤﺎﻤِـﻪ ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺘﺸﹶـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻓﻲ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻠﱢﻴﻠ ِﺔ ﺘﺤﺼل ﺜﻴﺘـﻴﺱ‬
‫ﺸ ِﺭﻑﹸ ﺃﺨﻴل ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻐﺭ‪‬ﻕِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹾﺘﻠﹶﻰ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫‪٩٦‬‬
‫ﻟﻤﻥ ﻨﺠﺎ ﻤﻨﻬﻡ ﺒﺎﻟ ‪‬ﺩﺨﹸﻭل‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻐِﻠﻘﹸﻬﺎ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺍﺜﻨﻲ ﻋﺸﺭ ﻁﺭﻭﺍﺩﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﺴﻭﻑ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺩﻤ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺽ‬
‫ﺃﻴﺎ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﺒ‪‬ﺎﺴﻴﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺃﺸﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ﺒﻌـ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﺴﺭﻋﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻭ‪‬ﺠ ِﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺩ‪‬ﻭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺤﺭ‪ ‬ﹶﻗﺘِﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻥ ﺠ‪‬ﺜـ ﹶﺔ ﻋـﺩﻭﻩ‬
‫ﻓﻭﻕ ﻤِ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﻤِﻴﻥ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺼ‪‬ــﻨﱢﻔﻴﻥ ﺇﻟــﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺘﹶــ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ﺴﻴ‪‬ﻠﻘﹶﻰ ﺒﻬﺎ ﻟﻠﻜﻼﺏ‪.‬‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻟﻴــﺎﺫﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻥ ﻜﺎﻨــﺕ ﺇﺸــﺎﺭﺍ ٍ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ْﺄ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺭ ﺒ ﹶﻔ ﹾﺘﺢِ ﺃﺒﻭﺍﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ ﻭﻴﺴـﻤﺢ‬
‫ﺒﺘﺭﻭﻜﻠﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴ‪‬ﻨﺎﺠِﻲ ﺼ‪‬ـﺩِﻴ ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﻪ ﺒـﺄﻥ‬
‫*ﻫﻭﻤﻴﺭﻭﺱ ﻓﻲ ﻋ‪‬ﺼ ِﺭ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘﺭﺠﻤـ ِﺔ‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺩﻭ‪ ‬ﻩ ﻫﻜﺘﻭﺭ ﻭﺍﻗﻔﹰﺎ‬
‫ﺢ ﺃﺨﻴل ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻠ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ؛ ﻓﻴﻨﺩﻓﻊ ﻨﺤـﻭﻩ‬
‫ﺒﺠﻭﺍ ٍﺭ ﺒﺎ ِ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺴُ‬
‫ﺨﺔﹰ ﻋﺎﻟِﻴ ﹰﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻴ‪ ‬ﹶﺘﻭ‪ ‬‬
‫ﻁِﻠﻕﹸ ﺼ‪ ‬ﺭ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ﺒﺯﻴﺎﻤﻭﺱ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻫﻜﺘﻭﺭ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴﻠﹾﺠَﺄ ﺇﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻀ ‪‬ﻡ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺃﻤﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﻫﻜﺘﻭﺭ ﻴﺭﻓﺽ ﻓﻲ ﺇﺼﺭﺍ ٍﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻜﻥ‬
‫ﻁﻭﺍل ﺍﻟﻠﻴل ﻭﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺒﺎﺡ ﻴﺭﻜـﺏ‬
‫ﻨﻅﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻟﻡ ﺘﻅﻬﺭ ﺇﻻ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻭﺍﺌِل ﻫـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﻋﺭﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺒﻴﺔ ﻭﻴﺩﻭﺭ ﺒﺠﺜﺔ ﻫﻜﺘﻭﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻥ ﻜﻤﺎ ﺃﺸﺭﻨﺎ ﻤﻥ ﻗﺒل‪.‬‬
‫ﺤﻭل ﻗﺒـﺭ ﺒﺘـﺭﻭﻜﻠﺱ‪ .‬ﻭﻴ‪‬ﻘﺒِـل‬
‫ﺇﻟﻴﺴﺎ‬
‫ﺒﺭﻴﺎﻤﻭﺱ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺨﻴﻤﺔ ﺃﺨﻴل ﻭﻴﺘﻭﺴل‬
‫‪ELISSA‬‬
‫ﺍﻨﻅﺭ‪ :‬ﺩﻴﺩﻭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻴﻬﺒﻪ ﺠﺜﺔ ﻭﻟـﺩﻩ؛ ﻓﻴـﺫﻭﺏ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺘﻘِﻲ ﻋ‪‬ﻴﻨﺎ ‪‬ﻩ ﺒﻌﻴﻨـﻲ ﺃﺨﻴـل‬
‫ﻭﻴﺒﻜﻲ ﺃﺨﻴل ﺤ‪‬ﺯﻨﹰﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺼﺩﻴﻘﻪ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﺠ ‪‬ﻤﻠﹶﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺭﺠﻤـ ﹶﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻤِﻠـ ﹶﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻠﺘﻴﻥ ﺘﹸﺭﺴِﻼﻥ ﺸﹸﻭﺍﻅﹰﺎ ﻤـﻥ ﻨـﺎ ِﺭ ﻗﻠﺏ ﺃﺨﻴل ﻭ ﹶﺘﺴِﻴل ﺍﻟـﺩ‪‬ﻤﻭ ‪‬ﻉ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺇﻟﻴﺴ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﻮﻡ ‪ELYSIUM‬‬
‫ﻉ ﻓـﻲ ﻗﻠﺒـﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔ ‪‬ﺯ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻐﻀ‪‬ﺏ؛ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨﺩ‪‬ﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺠﻴـﺏ ﺒﺭﻴـﺎﻤﻭﺱ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ِﻔ ‪‬ﺭ ﻭﻓﻲ ﺃﻋﻘﺎﺒِﻪ ﺃﺨﻴل ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻘ ِﺫ ﹸﻓ ‪‬ﻪ ﺒﻭﺍﺒل‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻤﺴِﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻅ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺒﺎﺏ‪.‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺃﻟﻔﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺇﺨﻭ ِﺓ ﻫﻜﺘـﻭﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻌـﺭﺽ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ‬
‫ﺃﻤﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻨﺩﺭﻭﻤﺎﻙ‪ ،‬ﻭﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﻁـﺭﻭﺍﺩﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﻭﻥ‪‬؛ ﻓﻴﻌﻭﺩ ﻫﻜﺘﻭﺭ ﻟﻤ‪‬ﻘﺎﺘﹶﻠ ِﺔ ﺃﺨﻴل‪.‬‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﺒ‪‬ﻜﺎ ِﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﱡﻭﺍﺡ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﻨﺘﻬـﻲ ﺇﻟﻴـﺎﺫﺓ‬
‫ﺠﺩ‪‬ﺓِ ﺃﺨﻴل‪ .‬ﻭﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻉ ﻤﻨﻴﺭﻓﺎ ﻟِ ﹶﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﹸ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻫﻭﻤﻴﺭﻭﺱ ﺒﺘﺸﻴﻴﻊ ﺠﻨﺎﺯﺓ ﻫﻜﺘﻭﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻐﹶﺭﺏِ؛ ﺤﻴـﺙ ﻴﺴـﻜﻥ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﻌﺩﺍ ‪‬ﺀ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺒــﺎ ‪‬ﺭﻜﹸﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤــﺎ ﺠــﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻓــﻲ‬
‫ـﻭل‬
‫ـﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﻘـ‬
‫ﺍﻷُﺴ ـﻁﹸﻭﺭ ِﺓ ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴﻘﻴـ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﻭﻴ‪ ‬ﹶﺘ ﹶﻨ ﱠﻜ ‪‬ﺭ ﺃﺒﻭﻟﻭ ﻓﻲ ﺼ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ِﺓ ﺃﺤـ ِﺩ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ﹸﻨﻘِﹶﻠﺕِ ﺍﻹﻟﻴﺎﺫ ﹸﺓ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺠ‪‬ﻤﻴـ ِﻊ‬
‫ﺨﻠﱠﻰ ﻋﻨﻪ ﺃﺒﻭﻟﻭ ﻭﻴﺘﺭﻜﻪ ﻴﻭﺍﺠِـﻪ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺨﺼ‪‬ﺼ ﹲﺔ‬
‫ﺕ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻅﻬﺭﺕ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﺩِﺭﺍﺴﺎ ﹲ‬
‫ﺠلُ ﺃﺨﻴـل‬
‫ﺤﺘﹸﻭ ‪‬ﻡ‪ .‬ﻭﻴ‪‬ﻌﺎ ِ‬
‫‪‬ﻤﺼِﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻭﻗﻔﺕ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺃﺴﺘﺎﺫﻴﺎﺕ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺭﻤ‪‬ﻭﻗﹶـﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻋﺩ‪‬ﻭﻩ ﻫﻜﺘـﻭﺭ ِﺒﻀ‪‬ـﺭﺒ ٍﺔ ﻗﺎﺘِﻠـﺔ‪،‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﺄﺜﱠﺭ ﺒﻬـﺎ ﺍﻟﺸﱡـﻌﺭﺍ ‪‬ﺀ ﻭﺍﻟ ﹸﻜﺘﱠـﺎﺏ؛‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﻩ ﻟﻴﻜـﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺠ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﺼﻴﺢ ﺃﻨﻪ ﺴﻴﺘﺭﻙ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﺎﺴﺘﻠﻬﻤﻭﺍ ﺃﺤـﺩﺍﺜﻬﺎ ﻭﺸﺨﻭﺼـﻬﺎ‬
‫ﻥ ﻫــﺫﻩ‬
‫*ﻫــﻭﻤﻴﺭﻭﺱ ﺇﻥ ﺴ‪‬ــﻜﹼﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻁ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺴ ﹸﻘ ﹸ‬
‫ﺠﻤِﻴﹶﻠﺔِ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻻ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺭ ِ‬
‫ﻑ ﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭﺩ‪‬؛‬
‫ﻁ ‪‬ﺭ ﻭﻻ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻌ ِﺭ ﹸ‬
‫ﺠﻠِﻴ ‪‬ﺩ ﺃﻭ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻟﻴﺴﻭﺍ َﺃﻁﹾﻴﺎﻓﹰﺎ‪ ،‬ﺒـل ﺇﻨﻬـﻡ ﺃﺒﻁـﺎل‬
‫ﻜﻤﻴﻨﻴﻼﻭﺱ ‪ ،Menelaus‬ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺘﺫﻫﺏ ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭ ﹸﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻨـﻪ ﺍ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘﻘﹶـ َ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﻷﺴ‪‬ـﻠِﺤﺔ؛‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻤﺩ‪‬ﻩ ﺒﺎ َ‬
‫ﺃﺨﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﺯﻋﻭﻡ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻭﻓﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﹶﻟﻡِ‪،‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻠﱡﻐﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻫﻜﺘﻭﺭ ﺃﻨﻔﺎﺴ‪‬ﻪ؛ ﹶﻓﻴ‪ ‬ﺭﺒِﻁﹸ ‪‬ﻪ ﺃﺨﻴل ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﱠﺨﺼﻴ‪‬ﺎﺕ ‪‬ﺭﻤ‪‬ـﻭﺯ‪‬ﺍ ﺃﺼـﺒﺤﺕ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻘ ‪‬ﺒﻴ‪‬ﻪ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻋﺭﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺒﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﺠ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻻﺘِﻬــﺎ‬
‫ﻻﹶ‬
‫ﻁﻠﹶﺤﺎﺕِ ﻓــﻲ ﺩ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﻜﺎﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺼ‪‬ــ ﹶ‬
‫ل ﺇﻟﻰ ﺨﻴﻤﺘﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﻭ ِﻩ ﺤﺘﱠﻰ ﻴ‪‬ﺼِ َ‬
‫ﺠ ﱠﺜ ﹶﺔ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻋﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﹶﻔﺴ ‪‬ﻴ ِﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﻨﺴـﺎﻨﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺠ ﹼﺜ ِﺔ ﻫﻜﺘﻭﺭ ﺤﻭل ﺠ‪‬ﺜﻤـﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻴﺩﻭﺭ ﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ـﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺸـ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟ ﹼ‬
‫ﻑ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ـ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋ ـﺭ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ـﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻗـ‬
‫ﻟﻬــﺫﻩ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴﻤ‪‬ــﻭﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺤ‪‬ﻜ ـ ِﻡ‬
‫ـﻜﹼﺎﻨﹸﻬﺎ ﺘﺤ ـ ﹶ‬
‫ـﻴﺵ ﺴ‪‬ـ‬
‫ﻭﻴﻌـ‬
‫*ﺭﺍﺩﺍﻤﺎﻨﺘﻭﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻘﻭل *ﻫﻴﺴﻴﻭﺩ ﺇﻥ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻅ‬
‫ﻁﹶﻌﺎﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻟﻠﻨﱡﺴﻭﺭ ﻭﺍﻟـﺫﺌﱢﺎﺏ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﻠﻔِـ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺘﱠﺨﺫﻭﺍ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻭﻗـﺎﺌﻊ ﻭﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﻼﻗـﺎﺕ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﻲ ﻨﻬﺭ ﺍﻷﻭﻗﻴﺎﻨﻭﺱ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻗﺼﻰ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻔ ﹶﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺠ ﱠﺜ ﹶﺔ ﺍﺒﻨﻪ ﻭﻴﻌـﻭﺩ‬
‫ﻭﻴﺤﻤل ﺒﺭﻴﺎﻡ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﻬﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻁﺭﻭﺍﺩﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺘﺴـﺘﻘﺒِﻠﻪ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﻌﺘﻘﺩ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻫﻜﺘـﻭﺭ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗ ِ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺩ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺤﻘﹸﻭ ُ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻫﻲ ﺠ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺯ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﻌ‪‬ﺩﺍ ِﺀ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺒﺎ ‪‬ﺭﻜِﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺤﻜﻤﻬﺎ *ﻜﺭﻭﻨـﻭﺱ‪،‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﻭﺭﺍﺩﺍﻤﺎﻨﺘﻭﺱ؛ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﻘﻀﻲ ﺒﺎﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺩ ِ‬
‫ﺱ‪ .‬ﺃﻤــﺎ ﺍﻷُﺴــﻁﹸﻭﺭ ﹸﺓ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ِﻘﺴ‪‬ــﻁﹶﺎ ِ‬
‫‪٩٧‬‬
‫ﺍﻹﻟﻴﺴﻴﻭﻡ ﺠﺯﺀ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻔﻠﻲ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻅﻤﻰ ﻗﺩﻴﻡ ﻤ‪‬ﻭﻏِل ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ِﻘﺩ‪‬ﻡ؛ ﻷﻥ‬
‫ﺼﻐﻴﺭ ﻗﻴل ﺇﻨﻪ ﺴﻘﻁ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺴـﻤﺎﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ل ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻷﻁﻴﺎﻑ ﺜﻼﺜـ ﹰﺔ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺴُ‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ ﻗﺩ ﻋﺜﺭﻭﺍ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺘﻤﺎﺜﻴـ َ‬
‫ل ﺒﻴﻨﻬﺎ ﻭﺒﻴﻥ *ﻤﺎﻴﺎ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ َﺃﺩ‪‬ﻯ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻤﺎ ﹸﺜ ُ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﹸﻀــﺎﺓ؛ ﻫــﻡ‪ :‬ﺭﺍﺩﺍﻤــﺎﻨﺘﻭﺱ‬
‫ﺒﺩﺍ ِﺌﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻟﺭﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﻤﻭﻤﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺁﺜﺎﺭ ﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﻭ*ﺭﻴﺎ ﻭﺴـﻴﺭﻴﺱ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺭﺴـﻭﺥ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﻤِﻨﻁﻘ ﹶﺔ ﺸﺭﻗﻲ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﺴـﻁ‬
‫ـﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻷﻡ‬
‫ـﺩ‪‬ﺩﺕ ﺼ‪‬ـ‬
‫ـﺎ ﺘﻌـ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻬﻤـ‬
‫ﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻁﻥ ﺍﻷﻭ‪‬ل ﻟﻼﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻅﻤﻰ؛ ﻓﺈﻨﻬـﺎ ﺍﺘﺴـﻤﺕ ﺩﺍﺌﻤ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻡ ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﻅﻤ‪‬ﻰ؛ ﻭﻫﻭ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬
‫ﺒﺼﻔﺎﺕ ﺜﺎﺒﺘﺔ ﻟﻌل ﺃﺸﻬﺭﻫﺎ ﺃﻤﻭﻤﺘﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺭﻙ ﺁﺜﺎﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻭﺍﻀﺤﺔ ﻓـﻲ ﺩِﻴﺎﻨـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻤﻠﺔ ﻟﻜل ﺼﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎﺓ؛ ﻓﻬﻲ ﺃﻡ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺤﻘﹸـﻭ َ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﻤﺎ ِﻨﻴ‪‬ﺔ؛ ﻓﺘﺫﻫﺏ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺍﺠﺢ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻘـﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻷﻡ‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺭﻤﺯ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻥ ﺤﺠﺭ‬
‫ﻭ*ﻤﻴﻨﻭﺱ ﻭﺃﻴﺎﻜﻭﺱ ‪.Aeacus‬‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺍﻷُﻡ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﻈﹾﻤ‪‬ﻰ‬
‫‪MAGNA MATER‬‬
‫ـل‬
‫ـﺩ ﹲﺓ ﺘﺘﺼـ‬
‫ـﻰ ﻋﻘﻴـ‬
‫ﻅ ‪‬ﻤـ‬
‫ﻷﻡ‪ ‬ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍُ‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﺎﺀ‬
‫ﻗﺒل ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﺭﻯ ﺒﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ـﻊ‬
‫ـﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻡ ﺠﻤﻴـ‬
‫ـﺔ ﻭﺃﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﺸـ‬
‫ﺍﻵﻟﻬـ‬
‫ـﻤﻴﺭ‬
‫ـﺭ ﺍﻟﻀـ‬
‫ـﺫ ﻓﺠـ‬
‫ـﺔ ﻤﻨـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤِﻨﻁﻘـ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺨﺼ‪‬ﺏ‬
‫ﻷﻤ‪‬ﻭﻤﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﻘﺘﺭﻥ ﺒﺭِﻋﺎﻴﺔ ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺒﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺘﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻨﻔﻭﺱ ﺍﻟﺭﻭﻤﺎﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺴ‪‬ل ﻭﺍﻟﻨﱠﻤـﺎﺀ ﻋﻨـﺩ ﺍﻹﻨﺴـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺒﺎﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻘـﺩ ﻋ‪‬ﺒـﺩﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺌﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‪ .‬ﻭﻤﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻨﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻓﻬﺫﻩ *ﺇﻴﺯﻴﺱ ﺍﻹﻟﻬﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺼـﺭﻴ‪‬ﺔ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﺨﺼﺎﺌﺼﻬﺎ ﺃﻤﻭﻤﺘﻬﺎ ﻟﻜل ﻜﺎﺌﻥ ﺤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻥ ﺘﻔﺎﻭﺘﺕ ﻭﻅﺎﺌﻔﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﻴﻘﺔ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺭ ‪‬ﺒ ﹶﺔ ﺍﻟﺨِﺼﺏ؛ ﻭﻫﻲ‬
‫ﻱ ﺃﻭ ﻤﺘﻭﺤﺵ‪ .‬ﻭﹸﻟﻘﱢﺒﺕ ﺒﺄﻡ ﺍﻟﺠﺒل‬
‫ﺒﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺘﻘﺎﺒل ﺴﻴﺭﻴﺱ ﺍﻟﺭﻭﻤﺎﻨﻴﺔ ﻭ*ﺩﻴﻤﻴﺘﻴﺭ‬
‫ﻭﺸﻴﺩﺕ ﻤﻌﺎﺒﺩﻫﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﻤﻡ ﺍﻟﺠﺒـﺎل‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻹﻟﻬﺔ ﺍﻷﻡ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻭﻜﱠﻼﺕ‬
‫ﺭﺒﻤﺎ ﻜﻥ ﺍﻤﺘﺩﺍﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﻟﻌﻘﻴﺩ ٍﺓ ﺸﺎﻤﻠ ٍﺔ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴﻭﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﺅﻜﺩ ﺭﻋﺎﻴﺘﻬﺎ ﻟﻠﻁﺒﻴﻌـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﻅﻤﻰ ﺍﻨﺘﺸﺭﺕ ﻗﺒل ﺫﻟﻙ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭ‪‬ﻴﺔ ﻤﺎ ﺍﺘﺴﻤﺕ ﺒﻪ ﺸﻌﺎﺌﺭ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺘﻬﺎ‬
‫ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁ‪.‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﻋﻨﻑ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﺴ‪‬ﺩ‪ ‬ﹶﻨﺘﹸﻬﺎ ﻤﺘﻭﺤﺸﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻟﻬﺔ ﺍﻷﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻗﺎﻟﻴﻡ ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺒﺘﻔﺎﻭ‪‬ﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻌﻭﺏ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻟﻐﺎﻟﺏ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻷﺭﺽ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻅﻬـﺭﺕ ﺠﻤﻴـﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻅﻤﻰ *ﻜﻭﺒﻴﻠﻲ )ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺍﻨﺘﺸـﺭﺕ‬
‫ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺘﹸﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ِﻤ ﹾﻨﻁﹶﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁ(‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﺭﺒ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﻤﻭﻤـﺔ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻭ*ﺃﻓﺭﻭﺩﻴﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻴﺱ ﻤﻥ ﺸﻙ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻷﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﻅﻤﻰ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺎﻥ ﻫﻲ‬
‫ﺴﻴﺭﻴﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻌﻠﻬﺎ ﺍﻨﺘﻘﻠﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺸـﺒﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﻴﺭﺓ ﻤﻥ ﺁﺴﻴﺎ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻐﺭﻯ‪ .‬ﻭﺭﺃﻯ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺎﻥ ﻤﻨﺫ ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻷﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﻅﻤﻰ‬
‫ﺃﻗﺭﺏ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺎﻁﻴﻥ ﻭﻜﻬﻨﺘﻬﺎ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻱ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻌﻭﺭ‬
‫ﺨﺼ‪‬ﻴﺎﻥ ﻓﻲ ِﺯ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺴﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻀﻤ‪‬ﺨﺔ ﺒﺎﻟﻌﻁﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻨﻭﺍ‬
‫ﻴﺤﺘﻔﻠﻭﻥ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻫﻨﺎﺕ ﺒﺸﻌﺎﺌﺭ ﺍﻷﻡ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤِﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﻨﻔﺴﻬﺎ؛ ﻤﺜـل *ﻋﺸـﺘﺎﺭ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺌﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻘﺩ ﺃﺜﱠـﺭﺕ ﺍﻷﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺎﻨﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﺅﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﺭﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟـﺜﻼﺙ‬
‫ﻭﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﻭﻑ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻡ ﺘﻜـﻥ ﺘﻔـﺎﺭﻕ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌﺒﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻁﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺄﺜﹸﻭﺭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺘﺸﺒﻪ ﺇﻟﻬﺘﻬﻡ "*ﺭﻴـﺎ"‪ ،‬ﺜـﻡ ﻨﹸﻘﻠـﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻅﻤــﻰ؛ ﺒــﺎﻟﺭﻗﺹ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻴــﻑ‬
‫ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺘﻬﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺭﻭﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻭﺍﺌل ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻭﺴﻴﻘﻰ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺨﺒﺔ؛ ﺤﺘﻰ ﻴﺘﺒـﺩﺩ‬
‫ل ﺍﻹﻨﺴـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﱠﻌﺒﻴ ِﺭ ﻋـﻥ ﺇﺠـﻼ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺘﺫﺍﻙ ﺃﻥ ﻜﻭﺒﻴﻠﻲ ﺃﻜﺩﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﻀـﺎ ‪‬ﺀ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻤﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ـﺨﹶﺏ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭﺠﺎل ﻓﻲ ‪‬‬
‫ﻏ ‪‬ﺯﻭ‪ ‬ﺇﻴﻁﺎﻟﻴـﺎ؛‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻜل ﻋﺩﻭ ﻴﺭﻴﺩ ﹶ‬
‫ﺒﻌﺽ ﺃﻋﻀﺎﺌﻬﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻸﻤﻭﻤﺔ؛ ﻤﻤﺎ ﻴﻌﻜـﺱ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺘﻘـﺩﺍﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩﻴﻨﻴﺔ ﻤـﻥ ﻨﺎﺤﻴـﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﱠﻌـﺎﻁﻑ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻨﻲ ﻤـﻥ ﻨﺎﺤﻴـﺔ ﺃﺨـﺭﻯ‪.‬‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻗﺩ ﺍﺤﺘﻔﻅـﺕ ﻭﻻ ﺘـﺯﺍل ﺘﺤـﺘﻔﻅ‬
‫ﻉ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺙ ﻗﺒل ﺍﻟﻤـﻴﻼﺩ؛ ﻓﻘـﺩ ﺸـﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭﺸﺎﺩ ﻭﻴﺸﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻬﺘﱡﻙ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﻴﺘﺨﻠﺹ‬
‫ﺇﺫ ﻨﹸﻘﻠﺕ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻷﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﻅﻤـﻰ ﻤـﻊ‬
‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺭﻏﻡ ﻤﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻋﺒﺎﺩ ﹶﺓ ﺍﻷﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭﻤﺯ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﻤﺜﻠﻬﺎ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺭﻭﻤـﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻅﻤﻰ ﺘﻜﺎﻤﻠﺕ ﻭﺍﺴﺘﻘﻠﺕ ﺒﺭﺃﺴﻬﺎ؛‬
‫‪٩٨‬‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺒﻌﺒﺎﺩﺓ *ﺃﺘﻴ‪‬ﺱ‪ .‬ﻭﻅل ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻡ ﺍﻷﺨﻴﺭ ﻴ‪‬ﺤﻤل ﺘﻤﺜﺎل ﺍﻷﻡ‬
‫ﻋﻨﹰﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻥ؛ ﻓﺈﻥ ﻅﻔﺭﺕ ﺒﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﻁﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﺭﻋﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﻬﺩ ﺍﻟﺭﻭﻤـﺎﻨﻲ؛ ﻓﻘـﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻅﻤﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﻨﻭﻉ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﻀـﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻓﺘﺎﺓ ﻓﺈﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﺘﺯﻭﺝ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺭﻤـل‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻥ‬
‫ﻓﺴ‪‬ﺭ ﻓﻼﺴﻔ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻬ ِﺩ ﺍﻷﺨﻴـﺭ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺃﺴﻪ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻘﺩ‪‬ﺱ؛ ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬
‫ﻅﻔﺭ ﺒﻬﺎ ﻓﺘﻰ ﻓﺈﻨﻪ ﻴﺘـﺯﻭﺝ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺃﺘﻴﺱ ﺒﺄﻨﻬﺎ ﺇﻨﻤﺎ ﺘﺭﻤﺯ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻋﻼﻗـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻟﻤﻭ؛ ﻭﻫﻭ ﻨﻬﻴﺭ ﻤﺘﻔﺭﻉ ﻤﻥ ﻨﻬﺭ‬
‫ﻭﺘﺩل ﺠﻤﻴ ‪‬ﻊ ﺍﻟﻘـﺭﺍﺌﻥ ﺍﻷﺜﺭﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻴﺒﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒﻌﺩ ﺫﻟﻙ ﺘﻤﺜل ﺃﺴـﻁﻭﺭﺓ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻭﻟﻜﻠﻭﺭﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻷﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﻅﻤﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﻅﻤﻰ ﻭﺃﺘﻴ‪‬ﺱ ﻭﺴﻁ ﻤﻅﺎﻫﺭ‬
‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺘﺠﺴﻴﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻟﻜل ﻤﺎ ﻴﺘﱠﺼل ﺒﺤﻔﻅ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺡ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺸﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭﻉ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻷﺤﻴﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺎﺌﻨﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺇﻻ ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﻗﺘﺭﻨﺕ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ ﺘﻜﺎﻤﻠﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻠﺫﻴﻥ ﻴﺭﻤﺯﺍﻥ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺒﻌﺙ ﺃﺘـﻴ‪‬ﺱ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺯﻭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺸﻭﺩﺓ ﻻ ﺒﺩ ﺃﻥ ﻴﻜـﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻤﺒﺭﺍﻁﻭﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺭﻭﻤﺎﻨﻴﺔ ﺃﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﺍﻷﻡ ﺒﻨﺴﻠﻬﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺜﻤﺎﺭ‪...‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻡ ﻴﻜﻥ ﺘﻔﺴـﻴﺭﻫﻡ ﺒﻌﻴـﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﻋـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗﻊ؛ ﺫﻟـﻙ ﻷﻥ ﺍﻷﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﻅﻤـﻰ‬
‫ﻋﺠﻭﺯ ﺤ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺯﺒ‪‬ﻭﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﻤﻭﻜﺏ ﺤﺎﻓل‪ ،‬ﻭﻴ‪‬ﻐﻤﺭ ﻓﻲ ﻤﻴﺎﻩ‬
‫ﻭﻅﻠﱠﺕ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻴﺩ ﹸﺓ ﺭﺍﺴﺨ ﹰﺔ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﺨﺘﻼﻓﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗـﺩ ﺍﺘﺨـﺫﺕ ﺃﺴـﻤﺎﺀ‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﺤﺘﻔل ﺒﻌﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻷﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﻅﻤﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻭﺱ ﻤﻘﺘﺭﻨ ﹰﺔ ﺒﻤﻭﺍﺴﻡ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻴﻌـﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔــﺔ ﺒــﺎﺨﺘﻼﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﻨــﺎﻁﻕ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺭﻭﻤﺎ ﺒﺈﻗﺎﻤﺔ ِﻤ ‪‬ﻬﺭ‪‬ﺠﺎﻥ ﺴـﻨﻭﻱ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻤﺘﺩﺕ ﺁﺜﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺩﺍﺕ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺼﻭﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻌﻭﺏ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﻟﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﻴﺒﺩﺃ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻡ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﻤﺱ ﻋﺸﺭ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻻ ﺘﺯﺍل ﻤﺭﻋﻴ ﹰﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻋﺸﻴﻕ ﺃﻭ ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺸﹼﺎﻕ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﻤﺎﺭﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻨﺘﻬﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻡ ﺍﻟﺴـﺎﺒﻊ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺸﺭﻴﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺭ ﻨﻔﺴﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﺒﺩﺃ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺯﺭﺍﻋﻴﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻵﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺴﻤﻰ ﺴﻨﺎﺒل‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﻤﺢ ﺍﻷﺨﻴﺭﺓ ﻓﻲ ﻤﻭﺴﻡ ﺍﻟﺤﺼـﺎﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ ﻴﺴـﺭﻱ ﻋﻠـﻴﻬﻡ ﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻔﺎل ﺒﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺒـﺎﻥ؛ ﻭﻫـﻭ‬
‫ﺏ ﺤﺘـﻰ‬
‫ﺸﺫﱠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﺎﺴﻡ ﺍﻷﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﻅﻤﻰ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹸﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ـﺎل ﺍﻷﻡ‬
‫ـﺙ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﺘﺼـ‬
‫ـﻭﺕ ﻭﺒﻌـ‬
‫ﻭﻤـ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺩﺱ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻥ ﺜﻭﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺘﺼﺒﺢ ﻗﺭﻴﺒ ﹰﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺼﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻤـﺭﺃﺓ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻅﻤﻰ ﺒﻌﺸﺎﻗﻬﺎ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟﻀـﺭﻭﺭﺓ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﻋﻤﺭﻩ‪ .‬ﻭﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻴـﻭﻡ ﺍﻟﺜـﺎﻨﻲ‬
‫ﻭﻴــﺭﻗﺹ ﺤﻭﻟﻬــﺎ ﺍﻟﻔﻼﺤــﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺒﻤﻜﺎﻥ ﻋﻅﻴﻡ ﻟﻠﻤﺤﺎﻓﻅﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬
‫ﺼ ﹶﻨ ‪‬ﻭﺒ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺩﺱ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺸﺭﻴﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﺤﻤل ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺎﺩ‬
‫ـﻤﺔ ﻟﻠﺤﺼـ‬
‫ـﺎ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺴـ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻫـ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﻟﻴﺴﺕ ﺘﺠﺴﻴﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻟﺨﺼﻭﺒﺔ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‪.‬‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺃﺘﱢﻴﺱ‪ -‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺒﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻴـﻭﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺎﺒل ﺍﻷﺨﻴﺭﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻥ؛ ﺒﺤﻴﺙ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺒﻊ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺸﺭﻴﻥ؛ ﻴﺼﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺤـﺯﻥ‬
‫ﺘﻤﺘﺩ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﺃﻴﺩﻱ ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻴـﻊ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻟﻪ ﺒﺎﻟﺒﻜﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻭﻡ ﻤﺸﺎﺭﻜﺔ‬
‫ـﺩ‬
‫ـﻬﺎ ﻴﺅﻜـ‬
‫ـﻰ ﻟﻤﺴـ‬
‫ـﺭﺹ ﻋﻠـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤـ‬
‫ﻟﻸﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﻅﻤﻰ ﻓﻲ ﺃﺴﺎﻫﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﻭﺕ‬
‫ﺍﺴﺘﻤﺭﺍ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻜﺎﺜﹸﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﺨﺘﺼﻡ‬
‫ﻤﺤﻤﻭﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﺠل ﺍﻟﻅﱠﻔﺭ ﺒﺤﻤل ﻫـﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ﺯﻤـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻡ ﻣﺎﺗﻮﺗﺎ‬
‫‪MATER MATUTA‬‬
‫ﺃﻤــﺎ ﻓــﻲ ﺍﻟﻴــﻭﻡ ﺍﻟﺨــﺎﻤﺱ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺸﺭﻴﻥ؛ ﻓﻴﺘﺒﺩ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟﺤﺯﻥ ﻭﺘﺸـﻴﻊ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﻤﻥ ﻴﻅﻔﺭ ﺒﻬﺎ ﺴﻴﺘﺯﻭ‪‬ﺝ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﻬﺠﺔ ﺒﻌﻭﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﺸـﻤﺱ ﻭﺍﻟﺭﺒﻴـﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻥ ﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺯﻭﺝ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺸﻭﺩ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﺍﻨﻅﺭ‪ :‬ﻤﺎﺘﻭﺘﺎ ‪Matuta‬‬
‫ﺃﻣﺎﺭﺍﭬﺎﰐ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﻼﺤﻭﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺒﻭﻉ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺨﻴﺭﺓ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺼﻭل‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﺘﻘـﺩ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ ﻭﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‪.‬‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫‪ -‬ﻓﻲ ﻤﻭﻜﺏ ﻤﺸﻬﻭﺩ ﺭﻤﺯﹰﺍ ﻟﻺﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺒل‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺜﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤـﺎ ﺘﹸﻨﻘـل ﻫـﺫﻩ‬
‫ﺃﺘﻴ‪‬ﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺩﻭﺭ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻡ ﺭﻗﺹ‬
‫ﻴﺴﺭﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﺤﻴﺎﺀ ﻤـﻥ ﹸﺫﺒ‪‬ـﻭل‬
‫‪AMARAVATI‬‬
‫ﻋﺎﺼﻤ ﹸﺔ ﺴﻔﺎﺭ‪‬ﺠﺎ‪ ،‬ﺠﻨﺔ *ﺇﻨﹾﺩﺭﺍ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﻘﻊ ﺒﺎﻟﻘﺭﺏ ﻤﻥ ﺠﺒل ﻤِﻴﺭ‪‬ﻭ ﻜﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺠﺎﺀ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻬﻨﺩﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻬﺫﻩ‬
‫‪٩٩‬‬
‫ﺸﻬ‪‬ﻭﺍﺕ )ﺍﻟﺠﻭﺍﻫﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻷﺸﻴﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺒﻭﺼﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺭﻙ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺩﺍﺭﺕ ﺒـﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺃﺤﺩ ﻗﺭﻨﻲ ﺃﻤﺎﻟﺜﻴﺎ؛ ﻓﺄﺼـﺒﺢ ﻗـﺭﻥ‬
‫ﺘﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﻟﻐﺭﻭﺭ ﻭﺘﺤﻘـﻕ ﺍﻟﻠـﺫﺓ(‬
‫ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴﻕ ﻭﺒﻴﻥ ﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﺍﻷﻤﺎﺯﻭﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻻﻤﺘﻼﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﺭﺨﺎﺀ‪.‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﻑ ﺒﺎﺏ‪ ،‬ﺘﺯﻴﻨﻬـﺎ ﺜﻤـﺎ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ ﺃﻟ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﺘﺯﺨــﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻼﺤــﻡ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺎﻨﻴــﺔ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻷﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﺃﻥ ﺯﻴﻭﺱ ﻜﺴﺭ‬
‫ﻭﺤ‪‬ﻭ ِﺭﻴ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﻴﺴﺎﺭﺍﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﻴﺸ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ـﺎﺕ‬
‫ـﺅﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﺭﺒـ‬
‫ـﺕ ﻫـ‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻨـ‬
‫ﻴﻌﺭِﻓﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺯﻥ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻴﺄﺱ‪ .‬ﻭﻴـﺄﺘﻲ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺭﺒﺔ ﻭﺒﻠﻁﺔ ﺨﻔﻴﻔﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻨﺼـﻑ‬
‫ﺴ‪‬ــﻜﹼﺎﻨﹸﻬﺎ ﺒــﺎﻟﺤﺭ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺒــﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ـﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﻘ ـ ‪‬ﺩﻤﻭﻥ‬
‫ـﺎﺌِﺒﻭﻥ ﻭﻤـ‬
‫ـﺎ ﺍﻟﺘـ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬـ‬
‫ﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺤــﺎﺭﺒﻭﻥ ﺍﻟــﺫﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﹶــﺭﺍﺒِﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻴﺴﻘﻁﻭﻥ ﻓﻲ ﻤﻴﺩﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻘِﺘﺎل‪.‬‬
‫ـﻭﺱ‬
‫ـﺎل ﺍﻟﻘـ‬
‫ـﻲ ﺍﻟﻘِﺘـ‬
‫ـﺘﺨﺩﻤﻥ ﻓـ‬
‫ﻴﺴـ‬
‫‪AMBROSIA‬‬
‫ﻁﹶﻌﺎ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻵﻟﻬ ِﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺸـﺭﺍﺒ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬
‫ﺩﺭﻉ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺸﻜل ﻫـﻼل ﻭﺨـﻭﺫﺓ‪،‬‬
‫ل ﹸﻜلﱠ ﻤﻥ ﺘﻨﺎﻭ‪‬ﻟﻪ ﺨﺎﻟِـﺩ‪‬ﺍ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺠ‪‬ﻌ‪َ ‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﺭﺘﺩﻴﻥ ﺜﻭﺒ‪‬ﺎ ﻤﻥ ﻗﻤﺎﺵ ﺨﻔﻴـﻑ‪،‬‬
‫ﺠﺎﺀ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺴـﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴﻘﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻴﺘﻤﻨﻁﻘﻥ ﺒﺤﺯﺍﻡ ﻴﺭﻓﻊ ﺍﻟﺜﻭﺏ ﺃﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻷﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺭﻭﻤﺎﻨﻴـﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻘـﻭل‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭﻜﺒﺘﻴﻥ؛ ﺤﺘﻰ ﻻ ﻴﻌـﻭﻗﻬﻥ ﻋـﻥ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺃﻣﺎﺯ‪‬ﻭﻥ‬
‫‪AMAZON‬‬
‫ﺃﹶﻣ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﺮ‪‬ﻭﺳ‪‬ﻴﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺃ ﹸﺓ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺤﺎﺭِﺒ ﹸﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺴـﻁﻭﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺎﻨﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻘﺎل ﺇﻥ ﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﺍﻷﻤﺎﺯ‪‬ﻭﻥ‬
‫ﻥ ﺤﺘﻰ ﻻ‬
‫ﻱ ﺍﻷﻴﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺜ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼ ﹾﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ﹶﺘ ْﺄ ِ‬
‫ﹸﻜﻥ‪ ‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻕ ﺤﺭﻜ ﹶﺔ ﻭﺘ ِﺭ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻘﻭ‪‬ﺱ‪.‬‬
‫ﻴﻌﻭ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﺘﺭﻭﻱ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻼﺤِـ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺎﻨﻴـﺔ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻴﻨﺘﻴﺴﻴﻠﻴﺎ ﻤﻠﻜﺔ ﺍﻷﻤـﺎﺯﻭﻥ ﺠـﺎﺀﺕ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴﺎﻋﺩﺓ *ﺒﺭﻴﺎﻤﻭﺱ ﻤﻠﻙ ﻁﺭﻭﺍﺩﺓ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﻟﻘﻴﺕ ﻤﺼﺭﻋﻬﺎ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻴـﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁل *ﺃﺨﻴل‪ .‬ﻜﻤـﺎ ﺘـﺭﻭﻱ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ـﺎﺯﻭﻥ‬
‫ـﺔ ﺍﻷﻤـ‬
‫ـﺎﺭ ﻤﻠﻜـ‬
‫ـﻰ ‪‬ﺯ ﹼﻨـ‬
‫ﻋﻠـ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ﺃﻜﱠﺩ ﺍﻟﺭﺤﺎﻟﺔ ﻓﺭﺍﻨﺸﺴﻜﻭ ﺩﻱ‬
‫ﻤﺤﺎﺭﺒﺔ ﺍﻷﻤﺎﺯﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻨﻪ ﺘﺯﻭﺝ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﺇﺤﺩﺍﻫﻥ ﻭﻫﻲ ﺃﻨﺘﻴﻭﺒﻲ ‪Antiope‬‬
‫ـﺎﻓﻭ‬
‫ـﺩ‪‬ﺜﺕ ﺴـ‬
‫ـﺩ ﹶﺘﺤ‪‬ـ‬
‫ـﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻘـ‬
‫ﺍﻵﻟﻬـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﺭﺒﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺃﺜﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﺭﺘﻴﺎﺩﻩ‬
‫‪ Sappho‬ﻭﺃﻨﺎﻜﺴﺎﻨﺩﺭﻴﺩﺱ ﻋـﻥ‬
‫ﺃﻤﺭﻴﻜﺎ ﺍﻟﺠﻨﻭﺒﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺩﺱ‬
‫ﺃﻤﺒﺭﻭﺴﻴﺎ ﻓﻭﺼﻔﺎﻩ ﺒﺄﻨـﻪ ﺸـﺭﺍﺏ‬
‫ﻋﺸﺭ؛ ﻭﺫﻟﻙ ﻋﻨﺩ ﻨﻬﺭ ﻤـﺎﺭﺍﻨﻴﻭﻥ؛‬
‫ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ ﻭﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺭﺤﻴﻕ ﻁﻌﺎﻤﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻓﺴﻤﻲ ﻫـﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﻬـﺭ ﺒﺎﺴـﻡ ﻨﻬـﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻤــﺎﺯﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻥ ﻜــﺎﻥ ﺒﻌــﺽ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺭﺴﻴﻥ ﻴﺭﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻫـﺫﺍ ﺍﻻﺴـﻡ‬
‫ﻤﺸﺘﻕ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻬﻨﺩﻴﺔ "ﺃﻤﺎﺴﻭﻨﺎ"؛‬
‫ﺃﻱ "ﻤ‪‬ﺤﻁﱢﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻭﺍﺭﺏ" ﻨﻅﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻟﺸـﺩ‪‬ﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﹶﻣ‪‬ﺖ ﺃﻭ ﺃﹶﻣ‪‬ﺖ‬
‫‪AMMIT OR‬‬
‫‪AMMUT‬‬
‫ﺵ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﹶﻟﻡِ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـ ﹾﻔﻠِﻲ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻭﺤ ﹲ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻁﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻤﺔ ﻴﺠﻤﻊ‬
‫ﺒﻴﻥ ﻓﺭﺱ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺭ ﻭﺍﻷﺴﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻪ ﻓﻜﹼﻲ‬
‫ﺘﻤﺴﺎﺡ‪.‬‬
‫‪AMALTHEA‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻨﹾﺯ ﹸﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭﺒ‪‬ﻰ * ِﺯﻴ‪‬ﻭﺱ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﻟﺒﻨﻬﺎ ﻭﻫﻲ ﻁﻔل‪ ،‬ﻋﻨـﺩﻤﺎ ﺃﺭﺴـﻠﺘﻪ‬
‫ﺃﻤﻪ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺠﺯﻴﺭﺓ ﻜﺭﻴﺕ ﻜﻤﺎ ﺠـﺎﺀ‬
‫ﻭﺘﺭﻭﻱ ﺍﻷﺴﻁﻭﺭ ﹸﺓ ﺃﻨـﻪ ﻴﻘﺒـﻊ‬
‫ﺒﺠﺎﻨﺏ ﻤﻴﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺍﻟﺔ ﻓـﻲ ﻗﺎﻋـﺔ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﻘﺎل ﺇﻥ * ﺜﻴﺴﻴﻭﺱ ﺍﺸﺘﺭﻙ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻴﺘﻨﺎﻭﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻥ ﺭﺤﻴﻘﻪ ﻜﺎﻥ ﺸـﺭﺍﺏ‬
‫ﺇﺩﺭﻴﻼﻨﺎ ﺃﻨﻪ ﺍﻟﺘﻘـﻰ ﺒﻔﺭﻴـﻕ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻻﻴﻭﺭﻴﺴـﺘﻴﻭﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺴـﻔﺭﺕ ﻫـﺫﻩ ﺃﹶﻣﺎﻟﹾﺜِﻴﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﻤﻠﺔ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻻﻨﺘﺼـﺎﺭ ﻋﻠـﻴﻬﻥ‪،‬‬
‫ﺨﻠﹸﻭ ‪‬ﺩ ﻟﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﻌﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﻀﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ﹸ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫*ﻫﺭﻗل ﺃﺭﺴل ﺤﻤﻠـﺔ ﻟﻠﺤﺼـﻭل‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺭﻴﻌﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺃﺱ ﻓﺭﻗﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﺭﺒـﺎﺕ‬
‫*ﻫﻭﻤﻴﺭﻭﺱ ﺇﻥ ﺃﻤﺒﺭﻭﺴـﻴﺎ ﻜـﺎﻥ‬
‫*ﺃﻭﺯﻴﺭﻴﺱ ﻭﻴﻠﺘﻬﻡ ﹸﻜلﱠ ﻗﻠﺏ ﺃﺜﻘﻠﺘﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻵﺜﺎﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴﻘﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﻭﺭﺩ ﺇﻣ‪‬ﺮﺍﻣﺎ‬
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‫‪IMRAMA‬‬
‫‪١٠٠‬‬
‫ﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﻫـﻲ‬
‫ﻤﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ ﺤﺭﻓﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟﺭﺤﻼ ﹸ‬
‫ﻁﺎﺌﻔ ﹲﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﻴ ‪‬ﺭﹶﻟ ﹾﻨ ِﺩﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺃﻫﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻠﺤﻅﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﻁﺄ ﻓﻴﻬـﺎ ﺃﻗـﺩﺍﻤﻬﻡ‬
‫ﻟﻭﻜﻭﺱ ﺃﺨـﺎﻩ ﻨﻭﻜﻴﺘـﻭﺱ ﻭﻫـﻭ‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺎﻁِﻲﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ ﹶﺘﻀ‪‬ﺭ ﺃﻥ ﻴﺒﺤﺙ ﻋﻨﻬـﺎ ﻭﻴﻨـﺘﻘﻡ‬
‫‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ـﺭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ـ ﹸﺔ ﺒـ‬
‫ـﺎﺕ ﺭﺤﻠـ‬
‫ـﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺤﻜﺎﻴـ‬
‫ﻫـ‬
‫ﺠﺯ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ ﻴﻌـﻴﺵ‬
‫ﺭﺍﺌﻊ ﻟﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﺎﻷﻏﻼل ﺇﻟﻰ ﻤﻨﺯﻟﻪ؛ ﺤﻴﺙ ﻋﺎﻤﻠﺘﻬﺎ‬
‫ﻕ ﻤﺎﺜﻴﻠـﺩﻭﻴﻥ )ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻭﺭﺤﻠ ﹸﺔ ‪‬ﺯ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺨﺭ ﺘﺤﺕ ﺸﺠﺭﺓ ﻭﺴـﻁ ﺃﻨﻐـﺎﻡ‬
‫ـﻰ‬
‫ـﺕ ﺇﻟـ‬
‫ـﺭ‪‬ﺕ ﻭﺫﻫﺒـ‬
‫ـﻭﺒﻲ ﻓـ‬
‫ﺃﻨﺘﻴـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺴﻴﻘﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻥ ﺭﻗﻴﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺠﺯﻴﺭﺓ‬
‫ﻜﻴﺜﺎﻴﺭﻭﻥ؛ ﺤﻴﺙ ﺍﺴﺘﻨﺠﺩﺕ ﺒﺄﺒﻨﺎﺌﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﻌﻴﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻭﻋﺩ ﺒﻬﺎ "ﺒﺭﺍﻥ" ﻫـﻲ‬
‫ﻓﻘﺘﻠﻭﺍ ﻟﻭﻜﻭﺱ ﻭﺭﺒﻁـﻭﺍ ﺯﻭﺠﺘـﻪ‬
‫"ﺠﺯﻴﺭﺓ ﺨﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻬﻡ ﻭﺍﻟﺤـﺯﻥ‬
‫ﺩﻴﺭﻜﻲ ﻤﻥ ﺸﻌﺭِﻫﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺜﻭﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﻤﺎ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺤﻠ ﹸﺔ ﺫﺍﺘﹸﻬﺎ‪ ...‬ﻭﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺘﺤﻔل ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺒﻭﺼـﻑ‬
‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺒﺽ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻭﺃﺨﺫﻫﺎ ﻤﻜﺒﻠﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻐﺎﻤﺭﺍﺘﹸﻪ )ﺤﻭﺍﻟﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻥ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻤﻥ(‪،‬‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺩﻱ ﻋﺸـﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺭﺍﺒـﻊ‬
‫ﻋﺸﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺎﺩﺱ ﻋﺸﺭ( ﻭﺭﺤﻠﺔ ﺃﻭﻱ‬
‫ﻜﻭﺭﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭﺭﺤﻠـﺔ ﺯﻭﺭﻕ ﺴـﻴﺩﺠﺱ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻭﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺭﺽ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻴﺨﻭﺨﺔ"‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﺸﺘﺭﻙ ﺃﻤﻔﻴﻭﻥ ﻤﻊ ﺸﻘﻴﻘﻪ ﺯِﻴﺜـﻭﺱ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﻭﻤﺎﻙ ﺭﻴﺎﺠﻼ‪ ،‬ﻭﺭﺤﻠﺔ ﺒﺭﺍﻨﺩﻭﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﻓﻭﻗﻬﺎ ﺭﺠﺎل ﻭﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﻴﺸﺭﺒﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻴﺫ‬
‫ﺯﻭﺠﺘﻪ ﺩﻴﺭﻜﻲ ﻤﻌﺎﻤﻠﺔ ﺍﻷﻤ‪‬ﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻜﻥ‬
‫ﻭﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺭﺤﻼﺕ ﺘﺘﻡ ﺇﻤـﺎ ﺒـﺩﺍﻓﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻻﻨﺘﻘﺎﻡ ﻜﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺤﺎﻟﺔ ﻤﺎﺜﻴﻠﺩﻭﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠﺭﺩ ﺤﺏ ﺍﻟﺴﻔﺭ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺭﻏﺒﺔ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺯ ِﺭ ﺍﻟﺴﻌﺎﺩﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺜﹸﻭ ِﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪‬‬
‫ﺭﺤﻠﺔ ﺒﺭﺍﻥ ﻴﺯﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺭﺤ‪‬ﺎﻟﺔ ﺠ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺯﺭ‪‬ﺍ‬
‫ﺘﺴﻜﻨﻬﺎ ﻤﺨﻠﻭﻗﺎﺕ ﺨﺎﺭِﻗﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺭِﺠـﺎل‬
‫ﻭﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﻭﻁﻴﻭﺭ ﻭﺤﻴﻭﺍﻨﺎﺕ ﻋﺠﻴﺒﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒﺴﻔﻨﻬﻡ ﻫﻨﺎ ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﻻ ﻴ‪‬ﺴـﻤ‪‬ﺢ‬
‫ﻟﻬﻡ ﺒﺎﻟﻨﱡﺯﻭل ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﺭ ﻭﻴﺸـﺎﻫﺩﻭﻥ‬
‫‪OM'ALI‬‬
‫ﻭﻴ‪‬ﺭﻭﻯ ﺃﻨﻪ ﻜـﺎﻥ ﻴﻌـﺯﻑ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﻕ‬
‫ﺤ ﹾﻠﻭ‪‬ﻯ ﻟﺫﻴﺫﺓ ﺘﹸﺼﻨﻊ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻗـﺎ ِ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻗﻴﺜﺎﺭﺘﻪ ﺒﺒﺭﺍﻋﺔ ﻓﺘﺨﺭﺝ ﺃﻟﺤﺎﻨﹰﺎ ﻋﺫﺒﺔ‬
‫ﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﻴ‪‬ﻭﻀـﻊ‬
‫ﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻤ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻗﻴ ِﻊ ﻭﺍﻟﻠﺒ ِ‬
‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺘﺤﺭ‪‬ﻙ ﺍﻷﺤﺠـﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻗﺎﻕ ﻓﻲ ﺼِﻴﻨﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓﻭﻗﻪ ﺠ‪‬ـﻭﺯ‬
‫ﻴﻤﺴﻬﺎ ﻭﺘﺫﻫﺏ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻤﺎﻜﻨﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻗـﺩ‬
‫ﻭﻟﹶﻭﺯ ﻭﺯﺒﻴﺏ ﻭﺒﻨﺩﻕ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻜﺴ‪‬ـﺭ‪ ،‬ﺜـﻡ‬
‫ﺘﺯﻭ‪‬ﺝ ﺃﻤﻔﻴﻭﻥ ﻤﻥ ﻨﻴﻭﺒﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬
‫ﻴﻀﺎﻑ ﺍﻟﻠﺒﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻤﻥ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﺘﹸﻭﻀـﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻴﻨﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻥ ﺤﺘـﻰ ﻴﻨﻀـﺞ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭﻗﺎﻕ‪.‬‬
‫ﺭﻓﻀﺕ ﻨﻴﻭﺒﻲ ﺘﻜﺭﻴ ‪‬ﻡ ﻟﻴﺘـﻭ ﻗﺘـل‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﺒﻁﺎل ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺤﻜﺎﻴـﺎﺕ ﻴﺭﺴـﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺃﻡ ﻋ‪‬ﻠﻲ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﺤـﺘﻼل ﻁِﻴﺒـ ﹶﺔ ﻭﺘﺤﺼـﻴﻨﻬﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﺒﺩﻭ ﺃﻥ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺴﻤﻴﺔ ﺃﺨـﺫﺕ‬
‫ﺃﺒﻭﻟﻭ ﻭﺃﺭﺘﻴﻤـﻴﺱ ﺃﻭﻻﺩ ﺃﻤﻔﻴـﻭﻥ‪،‬‬
‫ﻓﻘﺘل ﻨﻔﺴﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺴﻴﺩﺓ ﺍﺸﹸﺘﻬِﺭﺕ ﺒﺎﻟﺒﺭﺍﻋﺔ ﻓـﻲ ﺃﹶﻣِﻨ‪‬ﺘِﻲ‬
‫ﺃﺸﻴﺎﺀ ﻏﺭﻴﺒﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻜﺘﺴـﺒﻭﻥ ﺤﻜﻤـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺠﺯﻴﺭﺓ ﺘﻔـﻭﻕ ﺍﻟﺠـﺯﺭ ﺃﹶﻣ‪‬ﻔِﻴ‪‬ﻮﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺯﺍﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﻤـﻥ ﻗﺒـل ﺠ‪‬ﻤـﺎﻻﹰ‪،‬‬
‫ﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﹰﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻭﻁﻨﻬﻡ ﻟﻴﻘﺼ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﻤﺎ ﺤﺩﺙ‬
‫ـﺎ‬
‫ـﺎﻤﺭﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺤﻴﺎ ﹰﻨـ‬
‫ـﻥ ﻤﻐـ‬
‫ـﻡ ﻤـ‬
‫ﻟﻬـ‬
‫ﺘﻜﺘﺴﺤﻬﻡ ﻋﺎﺼـﻔﺔ ﺘﹸﺭﺍﺒﻴـﺔ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫‪AMPHION‬‬
‫ﻥ ِﺯﻴ‪‬ﻭﺱ ﻭﺃﻨﺘﻴﻭﺒﻲ ‪Antiope‬‬
‫ﺍﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﻕ ﺯﻴﺜﻭﺱ ‪ Zethus‬ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺃﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺸﻘﻴ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﺘﺫﻫﺏ ﺍﻷﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻤـﻪ‬
‫ﻭﻀﻌﺘﻪ ﻓﻭﻕ ﺠﺒـل ﻜﻴﺜـﺎﻴﺭﻭﻥ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﺭﻜﺘﻪ ﻟﻴﺘﻭﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺭﻋﺎﺓ ﺘﺭﺒﻴﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺜـﻡ‬
‫ﻫﺭﺒﺕ ﺨﻭﻓﹰﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺒﻴﻬـﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻭﻋـﺩ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻤﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﻌﻨﻲ ﺃﻤﻨﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﺍﻟﺨﻔﻴﻀﺔ؛ ﻭﻫﻲ ﺘﻘﻊ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺱ ﻋﻨـﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻐﺭﺏ ﺤﻴﺙ ﺘﺨﺘﻔﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻐﺭﻭﺏ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﺭﻭﻱ ﺍﻷﺴـﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﺃﻥ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﻀﻡ ﺃﺸﻴﺎﺀ ﻋﺠﻴﺒﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻡ ﻴﻌﻭﺩﻭﻥ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ـﻲ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻴﺎﻨـ‬
‫ﻲ ﻓـ‬
‫ﺴ ـ ﹾﻔِﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌ ـﺎﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻡ ﺩﺍﺌﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻴﺼﻠﻭﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺁﺨﺭ‬
‫ﺘﻬﻴﺌﺔ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﻭﻉ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﻠﻭﻯ‪.‬‬
‫‪AMENTI‬‬
‫ﺡ ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﺘﻔﺎﺭﻕ ﺍﻟﺠﺴ ‪‬ﺩ ﻭﺘﺩﺨل‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻤﻨﺘﻲ ﻴﺼﺤﺒﻬﺎ *ﺃﻨﻭﺒﻴﺱ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻗﺎﻋﺔ‬
‫*ﺃﻭﺯﻴﺭﻴﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺘﹸﺤﺎ ﹶﻜ ‪‬ﻡ ﺃﻤـﺎﻡ‬
‫‪١٠١‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺕ ﺒﺭﻴﺸﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﺔ؛ ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﺍﺠﺘﺎﺯﺕ‬
‫ﺹ ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﺠﺎﺀ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﻤﺼـﺭ‪،‬‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﻭﺫﻴﻴﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺼﻴﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﺃﺩﺨﻠـﺕ‬
‫ﺢ ﻟﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺡ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺴ‪‬ـ ِﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺯﻴﺎﺭﺓ ﻤﻌﺒﺩ ﺁﻤﻭﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺴﻴﻭﺓ؛‬
‫ﻁﺎﺌﻔـــﺔ ﺍﻟﺠـــﻭﺩﻭ‪ ،‬ﻋﻘﻴـــﺩﺓ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﺫﱠﻫﺎﺏ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺤﻘـﻭل ﺁﻟـﻭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺤﻴﺙ ﺭﺤ‪‬ﺏ ﺒﻪ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﻨﺔ ﺒﺼﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺒﻨﹰـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻭﻜﻬﺎﻓﺎﺘﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﺠﻨﺔ ﺃﻤﻴﺘﺎﺒﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ﺼﻭﺭ ﺁﻤﻭﻥ ﻓﻲ ﻫﻴﺌﺔ ﺭﺠل‬
‫ﺤﻴﺙ ﻴﻁﻠﻕ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺭﺍﻋﻴﻬـﺎ ﺍﺴـﻡ‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺘﺢٍ ﻴﻀﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺃﺴـﻪ ﹶﻗﹶﻠ ﹾﻨﺴ‪‬ـﻭ ﹰﺓ‬
‫ﺃﻤﻴﺩﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭﺴﻜﺎﻥ ﺠﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻭﻜﻬﺎﻓﺎﺘﻲ ﻻ‬
‫ﻤﺯﻴﻨﺔ ﺒﺭﻴﺸﺘﻴﻥ ﻁﻭﻴﻠﺘﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﻴﻌﺭﻓﻭﻥ ﺍﻵﻻﻡ ﺍﻟﺫﻫﻨﻴﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺠﺴﺩﻴﺔ؛‬
‫ﺭﺃﺱ ﹶﻜﺒ‪‬ﺵ‪ .‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﺤﻴﻭﺍﻨﺎﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻘﺩ‪‬ﺴﺔ‬
‫ﺒل ﻴﻌﻴﺸﻭﻥ ﻓﻲ ﻨﻌﻴﻡ ﺩﺍﺌﻡ‪ .‬ﻭﻜـل‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺏ‬
‫ﻥ ﻗﹶﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﺜﻨﻴﻥ ﻭﺃﺭﺒﻌﻴﻥ ﻗﺎﻀﻴ‪‬ﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻴ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺯ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻭﻑ ﺃﻥ *ﺍﻹﺴﻜﻨﺩﺭ ﺍﻷﻜﺒـﺭ‬
‫ﻤﻤﺎ ﻴﺤﻅﻰ ﺒﻪ ﺃﻱ ﺇﻟﻪ ﻤـﻥ ﺁﻟﻬـﺔ‬
‫ﻋﺠﺯﺕ ‪‬ﺩ ِﻓ ‪‬ﻊ ﺒﻬـﺎ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺍﻟﻌـﺫﺍﺏ‬
‫ﺁﻣ‪‬ﻮﻥ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﻴﻡ‪.‬‬
‫‪AMON‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺃﺸﻬﺭ ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ ﻓـﻲ ﻤﺼـﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻤﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﻴﻌﺭﻑ ﻜﻴﻑ ﻭﺼـﻠﺕ‬
‫ﺃﻤﺭ؛ ﻓﺈﻥ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻴﻨـﺔ ﺃﺼـﺒﺤﺕ‬
‫ﻋﺎﺼﻤ ﹰﺔ ﻟﻤﺼﺭ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺍﻨﺘِﺸﺎﺭ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺘﻪ‬
‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺒﻭﻗﺕ ﻗﺼﻴﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺵ ﻭﺍﻹﻭﺯﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻘﺎل ﺇﻨﻪ ﺘﺠﺴ‪‬ـﺩ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﻴﺒﺘﻬل ﺒﺎﺴﻡ ﺃﻤﻴﺘﺎﺒﻬـﺎ ﻴﺤﻅـﻰ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺼﻭﺭﺓ ﻜﺒﺵ ﻓﻲ ﻁﻴﺒﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻟـﻡ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﺨﻼﺹ ﻭﺫﻟﻙ ﺒﻤﻌﺎﻭﻨـﺔ ﺒـﻭﺫﻱ‬
‫ﻴﺘﺒﻕ ﻤﻥ ﻤﻌﺒﺩﻩ ﺇﻻ ﺃﻁـﻼل ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺴﺎﺘﻔﺎ )ﻜﻭﺍﻥ – ﻴﻥ( ﻭﻤﺎﻫﺎﺴﺘﺎﻤﺎ )ﺘﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻗﺼﺭ‪.‬‬
‫– ﺸﻴﻪ ﺘﺸـﻴﻪ(‪ .‬ﻭﻗـﺩ ﻭﺭﺩ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺘﻪ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻁِﻴﺒﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻤﻬﻤﺎ ﻴﻜﻥ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﻵﻤﻭﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻐﺭﺒﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺩﻴﺎﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻭﺫﻴﺔ ﺒﺎﻟﻴﺎﺒﺎﻥ؛‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻤﻴﺘﺎﺒﻬﺎ ﻭﻟﺩ ﺘﻠﻘﺎﺌﻴ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫ﻭﻓﻲ ﻋﻬﺩ ﺍﻷﺴﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻤﻨ ﹶﺔ ﻋﺸﺭ ﹶﺓ ﺃﹶﻣِﻴﺘﺎﺑ‪‬ﻬــﺎ ﺃﻭ ﺃﹶﻣِﻴﺘــﺎ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﺃﺼﺒﺢ ‪-‬ﺒﺼـﻔﺘﻪ ﺭﺍﻋﻴ‪‬ـﺎ ﻟﻤﺩﻴﻨـﺔ ﺃﹶﻣِﻴﺪﺍ‬
‫ﻁﻴﺒﺔ‪ -‬ﻜﺒﻴﺭ ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ ﻓـﻲ ﻤﺼـﺭ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻨﺘﺼﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺍﻋﻨﺔ ﺇﻨﻤـﺎ ﻴﺭﺠـﻊ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﻜﻬﻨﺔ ﺁﻤﻭﻥ ﻴﺘﻤﺘﻌـﻭﻥ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺍﻋﻨﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒﻨﻔﻭﺫ ﻜﺒﻴﺭ ﻴﻔﻭﻕ ﺴ‪‬ﻠﻁﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭﺒﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻨﺘﺸﺭﺕ ﺤﺘﻰ ﻭﺼﻠﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﺤﺎﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺎﻡ ﺇﺨﻨـﺎﺘﻭﻥ ﺒﺜـﻭﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺩﻴﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﺴﺘﻬﺩﻓﺕ ﺃﺴﺎﺴ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﺀ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺜﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻨﺠﺎﺡ‪ ،‬ﻭﺴﺭﻋﺎﻥ ﻤﺎ ﺍﺴﺘﻌﺎ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﻜﻬﻨﺔ ﺁﻤﻭﻥ ﻨﻔﻭﺫﻫﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻡ ﺇﺜﺭ ﺘﻭﻟﻲ‬
‫ﺘﻭﺕ ﻋﻨﺦ ﺁﻤﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﺤ‪‬ﻜـﻡ‪ .‬ﻭﻤـﻥ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻴﺎﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ﻭ ِﺫﻴ‪‬ـﺔ؛ ﻭﻫـﻭ ﺍﻟﻀـﻭﺀ‬
‫ل ﺃﻤﻴﺘﺎﺒﻬـﺎ ﻤﺤـل‬
‫ﻱ‪ .‬ﻭﺤ ﱠ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻤ ِﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴﺎﻜﻴﺎﻤﻭﻨﻲ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺒﻭﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺨﻲ؛ ﻭﻫﻭ‬
‫ﻭﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺩ *ِﺇ ﹾﻨﻠِﻴل ﺇﻟ ِﻪ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻬ‪‬ﻭﺍﺀ ﻤﻥ ﻜِـﻲ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻬﺔ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﺫﻫﺏ ﺍﻷﺴـﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺃﻨـﻪ‬
‫ـﻥ‬
‫ـﻤﺎﺀ ﻋـ‬
‫ـﻠﺕ ﺍﻟﺴـ‬
‫ـﺩﻤﺎ ﺍﻨﻔﺼـ‬
‫ﻋﻨـ‬
‫ﺘﺠﺴﻴﺩ ﻟﻜل ﻋﻨﺎﻴﺔ ﺇﻟﻬﻴـﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫـﻭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﻜﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻱ ﻭﻴﺘﱠﺼـﻑ ﺒـﺎﻟﺠﻭﺩ‬
‫ـﺎﺩﺓ‬
‫ـﺎﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﻋﺒـ‬
‫ـﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﺤﺴـ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﺤﻤـ‬
‫ﺃﻤﻴﺘﺎﺒﻬﺎ ﺘﺅﻜﺩ ﺍﻟﻭﻻﺀ ﺃﻜﺜـﺭ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻓﺴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻩ ﺃﻭ – ﻤﻲ‬
‫– ﺘﻭ – ﻓﻭ ﺍﻹﻟﻪ ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ ﻴﺤﻅـﻰ‬
‫ﺒﺎﺤﺘﺭﺍﻡ ﻋﻅﻴﻡ ﻭﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﺠﺎﺭﻓﺔ ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺤﻤ‪‬ـ َ‬
‫ﺤﻤ‪‬ل ﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ‪‬‬
‫ﺇﻨﺩﻟﻴل ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‪.‬‬
‫ﻥ ﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﺁﻥ ﺒﺼﻭﺭﺓ ﺭﻤﺯﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻭ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﺩﻭ‪ ‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺸﻜل ﻨﺠﻤـﺔ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺜﻤ‪‬ﻨـﺔ ﺘﺴـﺒﻕ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﺁﻤﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﻟﻡ ﻴﻘﺩ‪‬ﺭ ﻟﻬـﺫﻩ‬
‫ﺃﺤ ‪‬ﺩ ﺁﻟﻬﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻤ‪‬ل ﺍﻟﺨﻤﺴـﺔ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺇﻟ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻤﺎ ِﺀ ﻋﻨـﺩ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﻭﻤ‪‬ﺭﻴﻴ‪‬ﻥ‪،‬‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺜﻡ ﺍﻨﺘﻘﻠﺕ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﺁﻤﻭﻥ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺒﻼﺩ‬
‫ﺁﻥﹾ ﺃﻭ ﺁﻧﺎ ‪AN OR ANA‬‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ل ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻭﺴﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻘﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﺒﺄﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﻀـ َ‬
‫‪AMITABHA, AMITA‬‬
‫‪OR AMIDA‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺯﻫﺭﺓ ﻟﹸﻭﺘﺱ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ "ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺎﻤﻲ" ﺃﻭ‬
‫"ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻤﺎﺀ" ﻭﻗﺩ ﺘﻌﻨﻲ "ﺍﻹﻟﻪ"‪.‬‬
‫‪١٠٢‬‬
‫ﺃﹶﻧﺎﻧ‪‬ﺴِﻲ‬
‫ﺃﻧﺎﺙ ﺃﻭ ﺃﻧﺎﺕ‬
‫‪ANATH OR ANAT‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺇﻟﻬ ﹲﺔ ﺒﺩﺍ ِﺌﻴ‪‬ـﺔ ﻟﻠﺤـﺭﺏ؛ ﻭﻫـﻲ‬
‫ﺴ‪‬ﻭ ِﺭﻴ‪ ‬ﹸﺔ ﺍﻷﺼل‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻌﺩ‪ ‬ﻤﻠﻜﺔ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﻭﺴﻴﺩﺓ ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﺍﻨﺘﺸﺭﺕ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﺴـﺎﻤﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺘﹸﻬﺎ ﺒـﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﱡـﻌﻭ ِ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻨﺘﻘﻠﺕ – ﻓﻴﻤـﺎ ﻴﻘـﻭل ﺒﻌـﺽ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ – ﺇﻟﻰ ﻤﺼﺭ ﻓـﻲ ﻋﻬـﺩ‬
‫ﺘﺤﺘﻤﺱ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺙ؛ ﺃﻱ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻘـﺭﻥ‬
‫‪ANANSI‬‬
‫ﺩﺍﺌﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻴﺤﺘـﺎل ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻨـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻜﺒﻭﺕ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﺒﻁل ﻓﻲ ﻋﺩﺩ ﻜﺒﻴﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ ﻟﻴﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩ ﻤﻥ ﺫﻟﻙ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﹰﺎ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸـﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﻹﻓﺭﻴﻘﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻴﻐﺭﺭ ﺒﺎﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺜﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤﺎ ﻴﻜـﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻴﻘﻭﻡ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺒﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﺎل‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﺭ ﻫﺩﻓﹰﺎ ﻟﺴﺨﺭﻴﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﺃﻨﺎﻨﺴﻲ‬
‫ﻤﻌﺭﻭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﻜل ﻤﻜﺎﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺠـﺯﺭ‬
‫ﻴﻘﻊ ﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﹰﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﻔﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺤﻔﺭﻫﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻬﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﻐﺭﺒﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﺃﺠﺯﺍﺀ ﺃﺨـﺭﻯ‬
‫ﻟﻐﻴﺭﻩ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻴﻔﺸل ﻓﻲ ﺨﺩﺍﻉ ﻀﺤﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴـﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻨﻜﺒـﻭﺕ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﻀﺤﺎﻴﺎﻩ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻭ ﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﹰﺎ ﻴﻠﺠﺄ ﺇﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻴﺴﻤﻰ ﺠﻴﺯﻭ ﺒﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻟﻬﺎﻭﺴﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻁﻠﻕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﺤﺭ ﻓﻴﺒﺩﻭ ﺁﻨﹰﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺼﻭﺭﺓ ﺇﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﺴﻡ ﻜﻭﺍﻜـﻭ ﺃﻨﺎﻨﺴـﻲ ﻟـﺩﻯ‬
‫ﻭﺁﻨﹰﺎ ﺁﺨﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺼـﻭﺭﺓ ﻋﻨﻜﺒـﻭﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﻭﺏ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﺘﻜﻠﻡ ﺒﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻷﻜـﺎﻥ‪.‬‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﻤﺱ ﻋﺸﺭ ﻗﺒل ﺍﻟﻤﻴﻼﺩ؛ ﺤﻴـﺙ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻹﻴﻘﺎﻉ ﺒﻤﻥ ﻴﺘﻌﺭﺽ ﻟﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻭ‬
‫ﺃﺼﺒﺤﺕ ﺍﺒﻨﺔ ﺭﻉ‪ .‬ﻭ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻤﺜﱠل ﻭﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺭﺃﺴِﻬﺎ ﺨﹸﻭﺫﺓ ﻭﻓﻲ ﻴـﺩﻫﺎ ﺍﻟﻴﻤﻨـﻰ‬
‫ﺩِﺭﻉ ﻭﺤﺭﺒﺔ ﻭﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻴﺴﺭﻯ ﺒﻠﻁﺔ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﻋﺼﺎ ﻏﻠﻴﻅﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺼﻭﺭﺓ ﻟﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺒﺩﻭ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻤﻤﺘﻁﻴﺔ ﻅﻬﺭ ﺃﺴﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻟـﻡ‬
‫ﺘﺜﺒﺕ ﺼﻠﺘﻬﺎ ﺒﺎﻹﻟﻬﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺒﻠﻴﺔ" ﺃﻨﺘﻭ"‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔِﻴ ِﻨ ِﻴ ِﻘﻴ‪‬ﺔ "ﺃﻨﺘﻴﺕ" ﻋﻴﻨﻬﺎ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻹﻟﻬـﺔ‬
‫"ﺃﻨﺘﻴﻭﺱ"‪ ،‬ﻭﻜل ﻤﻨﻬﻤﺎ ﺇﻟﻬ ﹸﺔ ﺤﺭﺏ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻋﺩﺕ ﻤﻤﺎﺜﻠﺔ ﻟﻺﻟﻬﺔ *ﺃﺜﻴﻨـﺎ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺼﺭ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﻠﻴﻨﺴﺘﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﺼﻔ ﹲﺔ ﻟﻜﺎﻤﺎ ﺇﻟـﻪ ﺍﻟﺤـﺏ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺠﺴ‪‬ﺩ" ﻭﻗﺩ ﺃﻁﻠﻘﺕ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺔ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻷَﻥ ﻋﻴﻥ ﺸﻴﻔﺎ ‪ Shiva‬ﺃﻓﻨﺘﻪ ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬
‫ل ﺒﺎﻟﻭﻻﺀ ﻟﺸﻴﻔﺎ ﺒﺄﻓﻜـﺎﺭ ﻋـﻥ‬
‫ﺃﺨ ﱠ‬
‫ﺒﺎﺭﻓﺎﺘﻲ‪.‬‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﻴﻁﻠﻕ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﺴﻡ ﻨﺎﻨﺴﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﺴﻤﻪ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺒﻪ ﺍﻟﺨﻁﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻜﺫﺍ ﺘﻜﺘﺏ ﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﻨﺠﺎﺓ‬
‫ﻫﺎﻴﺘﻲ ﻫﻭ "ﺘﻲ – ﻤﺎﻟﻴﺱ"‪ .‬ﻭﺘﺭﻭﻱ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﻤﺼﻴﺭ ﺭﻫﻴﺏ‪ .‬ﻭﺜﻤـﺔ ﻤﺜـل‬
‫ﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺃﻨﺎﻨﺴﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺠﺎﻤﺎﻴﻜﺎ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻴﺘﺭﺩﺩ ﻓﻲ ﻏﺭﺏ ﺇﻓﺭﻴﻘﻴـﺔ ﻭﻫـﻭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻬﺭﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻠﺤﺸﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﺘﺠﻤـﻊ‬
‫"ﺍﻟﻭﻴل ﻟﻤﻥ ﻴﻀﻊ ﺜﻘﺘﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻨﺎﻨﺴﻲ؛‬
‫ﻹﻗﺎﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺎﺌﺭ ﻟﻠﻤﻭﺘﻰ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﻘﺎل ﺇﻥ‬
‫ﻓﻬﻭ ﻤﺎﻜﺭ ﻭﺃﻨﺎﻨﻲ ﺠﺸـﻊ"‪ .‬ﻭﻤﺜـل‬
‫ﺍﻟﺯﻨﻭﺝ ﻓﻲ ﺘﺭﻴﻨﻴـﺩﺍﺩ ﻗـﺩ ﻓﻘـﺩﻭﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻤﻬﻡ ﺒﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺃﻨﺎﻨﺴـﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻥ‬
‫ﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻷﻁﻔﺎل ﻫﻨـﺎﻙ ﻻ ﻴﺯﺍﻟـﻭﻥ‬
‫ﻴﺭﺩﺩﻭﻥ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﺃﻨﺎﻨﺴﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺼل ﺨﺎﻟﻘﹰـﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻬﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺘﺫﻫﺏ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺫﻟـﻙ‬
‫ﺁﺨﺭ ﻴﻘﻭل‪":‬ﺇﻥ ﺤﻜﻤـﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻜﺒـﻭﺕ‬
‫ﺃﻋﻅﻡ ﻤﻥ ﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺠﻤﻴﻌ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ـﻬﺭ‬
‫ـﻥ ﺃﺸـ‬
‫ـﺭﻩ"‪ .‬ﻭﻤـ‬
‫ـﺎﻟﻡ ﺒﺄﺴـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﺭﺩﺩ ﻋﻥ ﺃﻨﺎﻨﺴـﻲ‬
‫ﺤﻜﺎﻴﺔ ﺍﻟ ِﻘﺩ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻠِﻴﺌﺔ ﺩﺍﺌﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺒﺎﻟﻁﻌﺎﻡ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﻓﻲ ﻏـﺭﺏ ﺇﻓﺭﻴﻘﻴـﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﺭﺩﺩ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺃﻨﻪ ﻴﺴﺭﻕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺱ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻨﻜﺒﻭﺕ ﻓﻲ ﻓﻭﻟﻜﻠـﻭﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻴﺎﻨﺘﻭ ﻴﺭﺘﺒﻁ ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻤﺱ‪ .‬ﻭﻤﻬﻤﺎ ﻴﻜﻥ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺃﻤﺭ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺴﻲ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﻹﻓﺭﻴﻘﻴـﺔ ﻫـﻭ‬
‫ﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﺎل ﺍﻟﺩﺍﻫﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﻭﻓـﻕ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺤﻁﻤﻬﺎ ﺃﻁﻔـﺎل ﺃﻨﺎﻨﺴـﻲ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻭﻁ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﺤﺼل ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻟﻴﻌﺎﻗﺒﻬﻡ‬
‫ﺒﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻅل ﻴﻀﺭﺒﻬﻡ ﺒﻪ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺘﻭﻗﻑ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻬﻨﺩﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ " ﺒـﻼ‬
‫ﺃﻨﺎﻨﺴﻲ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻋﻨﻜﺒﻭﺕ ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﻴﺤﻴﻕ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺃﹶﻧﺎﻧ‪‬ﭽﺎ‬
‫‪ANANGA‬‬
‫ﻭﻓﻲ ﻓﻴﻭﺭﺍﺴﻭ ﺒﺠﺯﺭ ﺍﻟﻬﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﻐﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﻭﺭﺒﻤﺎ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻫﻲ ﺍﻹﻟﻬﺔ ﺍﻟﺴـﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺘﺭﻭﻱ ﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﻋﺩﻴﺩﺓ ﻴﺘﺤﻭل ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬
‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﺤﺼـﻠﻭﺍ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗـﺎﻤﻭﺍ‬
‫ﺒﻔﺤﺼﻪ‪.‬‬
‫‪١٠٣‬‬
‫ﺃﻧﺎﻫِﻴﺘﺎ‬
‫‪ANAHITA‬‬
‫ﻷﻡ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﻅﻤ‪‬ﻰ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻹﻴـﺭﺍﻨﻴﻴﻥ‬
‫*ﺍ ُ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻤﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫـﻲ ﺇﻟﻬـﺔ ﺍﻟﺨِﺼـﺏ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﺫﻫﺏ ﺍﻷﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻨـﻪ ﺇﻨﻤـﺎ‬
‫ل ﻓـﻲ ﺘﺨﺼـﻴﺏ‬
‫ﻴﻌﻭﺩ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻔﹶﻀ ُ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ـﻊ‬
‫ـﻙ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺒـ‬
‫ـﺔ ﺫﻟـ‬
‫ـﺎﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒﺨﺎﺼـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺠﻭﻡ؛ ﻭﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﺘﻔﻴﺽ‬
‫ﻋﻨﻪ ﻜل ﺃﻨﻬﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻨﺘﺸـﺭﺕ‬
‫ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺘﹸﻬﺎ ﻏﺭﺒ‪‬ﺎ ﺤﺘﻰ ﺒﻠﻐـﺕ ﺒﺤـﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻅﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻤِﻨﻁﻘﺔ؛ ﻤﺜـل‬
‫*ﺃﺜﻴﻨﺎ ﻭ*ﻋﺸﺘﺎﺭ ﻭ*ﺴـﻤﻴﺭﺍﻤﻴﺱ‬
‫ﻭ* ﻜﻭﺒﻴﻠﻲ ﻭ* ﺃﻓﺭﻭﺩﻴﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﻅﻬﺭ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻨﺘﺸﺎ ِﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻴـﺩ ِﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺇﺒ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺯ ‪‬ﺩ ِﻜﻴ‪‬ــﺔ ﺒﻌــﺩ ﺍﻟﺯ‪‬ﺭﺍﺩﺸــﺘﻴﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻗﺘﺭﻨﺕ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺘﻬﺎ ﺒﺎﻹﻟﻬـﺔ ِﻤﺜﹾـﺭﺍ‬
‫‪ ،Mithra‬ﺃﻭ ﻤﺎﺯ‪‬ﺩﺍ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻤﺎ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺃﻨﺎﻫﻴﺘﺎ ﺘﻌـﺩ ﺇﻟﻬـﺔ‬
‫ـﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟﺒـ‬
‫ﺢ ﺒﻌـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻴ‪‬ـﺭﺠ‪ ‬‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﻭﺭ‪‬ﺕ ﻭﻫـﻲ‬
‫ﺤﺭﺏ ﺃﻴﻀ‪‬ﺎ؛ ﻓﻘﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻹﻟﻬﺔ ﺃﻨﺎﻫﻴﺘـﺎ ﺴـﺎﻤﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻷﺼـل‪،‬‬
‫ﺘﺴﻭﻕ ﻋﺠﻠﺔ ﺤﺭﺒﻴﺔ ﻴﺠﺭﻫﺎ ﺃﺭﺒﻌ ﹸﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺭﺒﻤﺎ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻤﺭﺍﺩﻓﺔ ﻟﻺﻟﻬﺔ ﺁﻨﺎﺕ‪،‬‬
‫ل ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺘﻴﺏ‪:‬‬
‫ﺠﻴﺎﺩ ﺒﻴﻀﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﺘﹸﻤﺜﱢ ُ‬
‫ﻭﻴﺅﻴﺩ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻱ ﺍﻟﺒِﻐﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﺍﻟﻤﻘـﺩ‪‬ﺱ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻴﺢ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻁﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺤﺎﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﺒـﺭﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﻤﺎﺭﺴﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﻫﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺒـﺩ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﻘﺎل ﺇﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﻬﺏ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﺭ ﻟﻠﻤﻨﺎﻀﻠﻴﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﺼﻭﺭﻫﺎ ﻤﺭﺍﺩﻓﺔ ﻟﻺﻟﻬﺘﻴﻥ ﻨِﻴﻨـﺎ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ﺃﺼـﺒﺤﺕ ﺒﺘـﺄﺜﻴﺭ ﻋﺒـﺎﺩﺓ‬
‫ﻋﺸﹾﺘﺎﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭ* ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﻭﺍﻜﺏ ﻋﻨـﺩ ﺍﻟ ِﻜﻠﹾـﺩﺍﻥ ﺘـﺭﺍﺩﻑ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻫِﻴﺭ‪‬ﻭﺩ‪‬ﻭﺕ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻔﺭ‪‬ﺱ‬
‫ﻁﻬ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﻓﻬﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﻬـﺎ ﺃﻥ ﹸﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻀـﺎﻉ‪.‬‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻡ ﻭﻟﹶـ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱡﻨﻁﹾﻔ ﹶﺔ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻭﺍﻤــ ُ‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻨــﺕ ﺍﻟﺯ‪‬ﻭﺠــﺎ ﹸ‬
‫ﺘﺘﻘﺩ‪‬ﻡ ﺒﺎﻟﻌﻭﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺤﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﻤـﺭﺽ‬
‫ﺼﻔﹶﺕ ﺃﻨﺎﻫﻴﺘﺎ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﱠﺩﻴﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻘﺩ ‪‬ﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻤﺔ ﻗﻭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺒِﻨﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻤﻠﺘﺤﻔﺔ ﺒﻌﺒـﺎﺀﺓ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﻭﺸﹼﺎﺓ ﺒﺎﻟﺫﻫﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﻀﻊ ﻓﻲ ﺃﺫﻨﻴﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﻗﹸﺭﻁِﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﻋﻨﻘﻬﺎ ﻋﻘﺩ‪‬ﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺭﺃﺴﻬﺎ ﺘﺎﺠ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﻠﻬﺎ ﻤﺼﻨﻭﻋﺔ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺃﻨﺎﻫﻴﺘﺎ ﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺼﻭﺩﺓ ﺒﺫﻟﻙ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﺸﻬﺭ ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ ﺠﻤﻴﻌ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﺭﻓﺕ ﺒﺎﺴﻡ‬
‫"ﺃﻨﺎﻫﻴﺘﺎ"‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻗﻴﻤﺕ ﻟﻬﺎ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻤﻌﺎﺒِـ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ ﺍﺘﺤﺩ *ﻤﺜﺭﺍ ﻤﻊ ﺃﻨﺎﻫﻴﺘﺎ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﺘﻌﺩ‪‬ﺩﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒﻠﻎ ﻤﻥ ﻤﻜﺎﻨﺘﻬﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻓﺭﺍﺩ‪‬ﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘﻭﺵ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﺭﺠـﻊ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﻋﻬـﺩ‬
‫ﻻ ﻭﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﻜـﺎﻨﻭﺍ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻼﺀ؛ ﺭﺠﺎ ﹰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﻙ ﺍﻷﺨﻤﻴﻨﻴﻴﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺒﻼﺩ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ‪.‬‬
‫ﻴﻨﺨﺭﻁﻭﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺨﺩﻤﺘﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻘـﺎل ﺇﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﻜﻥ ﻴﻤﺎﺭﺴﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﻐـﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ـﺕ‬
‫ـﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻨـ‬
‫ـﺒﻴل ﺍﻟﺘﻘـﺭ‪‬ﺏ ﺇﻟﻴﻬـ‬
‫ﺴـ‬
‫ﺱ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ ﺒﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺃﺭﻤﻴﻨﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﱡﻘﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺘﺘﺴﻡ ﺒﺎﻟﺼﺨﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﺨﻼﻋﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﻘـﺎﻡ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﻤﺱ ﻋﺸـﺭ ﻤـﻥ ﺸـﻬﺭ‬
‫ﺴﺒﺘﻤﺒﺭ ﻜل ﻋﺎﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﹶﻧ‪‬ﺘﺎﻳ‪‬ﻮﺱ ‪ANTAEUS‬‬
‫ﻥ *ﺒ‪‬ﻭﺴﺎ ‪‬ﻴﺩ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻭ*ﺠﻴﺎ؛ ﻭﻫـﻭ‬
‫ﺍﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﻕ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻴﻌﻴﺵ ﻓﻲ ﻟﻴﺒﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﻋﻤﻼ ﹲ‬
‫ﺠﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷُﺴـﻁﹸﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴﻘﻴـﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﺫﻫﺏ ﺍﻷﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻨـﻪ ﻜـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺨﻠﻁ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺎﻥ )ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ ﻋﺭﻓﻭﻫـﺎ‬
‫ﺒﺎﺴـــﻡ "ﺃﻨﻴﺘـــﻴﺱ"( ﺒﻴﻨﻬـــﺎ‬
‫ﻭﺒﻴﻥ*ﺃﻓﺭﻭﺩﻴﺕ؛ ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺇﻟﻬـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﺼﺏ ﻭ* ﺃﺜﻴﻨﺎ؛ ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺇﻟﻬﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻨﺘﺸﺭﺕ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺘﹸﻬـﺎ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﺍﻟﻼﺘﻴﻨـﻲ؛ ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻫـﺎ ﺍﻷﻡ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﺼﺎ ِﺭﻋ‪‬ﺎ ﻻ ﻴﻘﻬـﺭ‪ ،‬ﻁﺎﻟﻤـﺎ ﺃﻨـﻪ‬
‫‪‬ﻤﺘﱠﺼــل ﺒﺄﻤــﻪ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜــﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺏ ﺇﻟــﻰ‬
‫ل ﺍﻷﻏﹾــﺭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﻁ ‪‬ﺭ ﻜﹸــ ﱠ‬
‫‪‬ﻴﻀ‪‬ــ ﹶ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﺼﺎﺭ‪‬ﻋ ِﺘ ِﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺸﺭﻴﻁﺔ ﺃﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﻌﺩ‪‬ﻤﻭﺍ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫*ﺍﻷﻓﺴﺘﺎ ﺒﺄﻨﻬﺎ ﻓﺘﺎﺓ ﺠﻤﻴﻠﺔ ﻁﻭﻴﻠـﺔ‬
‫ﺃﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺒﻼﺩ ﺃﺭﻤﻴﻨﻴﺔ؛ ﻓﻘﺩ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬
‫ﺃﻓﺭ‪‬ﻭﺩِﻴﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﻭﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺭﺒﻤﺎ ﻜﺎﻨـﺕ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﻴﺘﻀﺭﻋﻥ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺃﻨﻬـﺎ ﻜﺎﻨـﺕ‬
‫ﻜﻭﻜﺏ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺯﻫ‪‬ﺭﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘﻌﻠﱠﻤﻭﺍ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻵﺸـﻭﺭﻴﻴﻥ ﻋﺒـﺎﺩﺓ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺃﻨﺎﻫﻴﺘﺎ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﻌﺩ‪ ‬ﺇﻟﻬﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺎﺴ‪‬ل؛‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﺠﻠﺩ ﻜﻠﺏ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﻼﺩﻱ‪.‬‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺇﻴﺠﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺼﺒﺤﺕ ﻤﺭﺍﺩﻓ ﹰﺔ ﻟﻸﻤﻬﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﱠﻫﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺘﺯﻴ‪‬ﻥ ﺒﺜﻼﺜﻴﻥ ﻗﻁﻌﺔ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻅﻤــﻰ ﻤﻨــﺫ ﺍﻟﻘــﺭﻥ ﺍﻷﻭل‬
‫ل ﺴِـ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﻗﻬﺭﻫﻡ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻜﺘﺸﻑ * ِﻫ ‪‬ﺭ ﹾﻗ ُ‬
‫ﻗﻭﺘﻪ؛ ﻓﺄﻤﺴﻙ ﺒـﻪ ﻭﺭﻓﻌـﻪ ﻋـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻭﺨﻨﻘﻪ ﻭﻫﻭ ﻴﺤﻤﻠﻪ‪.‬‬
‫‪١٠٤‬‬
‫ﺃﹶﻧ‪‬ﺜِﻴﺴ‪‬ﺘِﲑ‪‬ﻳﺎ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻨﺠﺭﺍ ﻤـﺎﻴﻨﻴﻭ ﻟـﻴﺱ ﺨﺎﻟـﺩ‪‬ﺍ‪،‬‬
‫ﺠﻠﹸــﻭ‬
‫ﻷ ﹾﻨ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺍﻴــﺎﺕ ﺇﻨــﻪ ﺠ‪‬ــ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍ َ‬
‫‪ANTHESTERIA‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﻥ ﻴﺴﺘﻤﺭ ﺜﻼﺜﺔ ﺃﻴﺎﻡ ﻴ‪‬ﻘـﺎ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ِﻤ ‪‬ﻬﺭ‪‬ﺠﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ‪‬ﻨﻭﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺃﺜﻴﻨﺎ ﻤﻥ ‪ ١١‬ﺇﻟـﻰ ‪١٣‬‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺸﻬﺭ ﺃﻨﺜﺴﺘﻴﺭﻴﻭﻥ )ﻓﺒﺭﺍﻴـﺭ –‬
‫ﻤﺎﺭﺱ(؛ ﺘﻜﺭﻴﻤـﹰﺎ ﻟﺩﻴﻭﻨﻴﺴـﻭﺱ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻐﺭﺽ ﻤﻨﻪ ﻫﻭ ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻔﺎل ﺒﻨﻀﺞ‬
‫ﺴﺎ ﹾﻜﺴ‪‬ﻭﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﻘﻭل ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭ ﹸﺓ ﺇﻥ ﻤﺼﻴﺭﻩ ﺍﻟﻔﻨﺎﺀ‬
‫ﻭﻴﺭﻯ ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺽ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﺇﻨﺞ‬
‫ﻴﻭﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺙ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻨﻪ ﻻ ﻴـﺩﺭﻱ ﺒﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺃﻗﺩﻡ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻻﺌل ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺤﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺕ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﺴﻭﻑ ﻴﺤﺩﺙ ﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻬﺫﺍ ﻻ ﻴﺘﺨـﺫ‬
‫ﺤﻭﻟﻬــﺎ ﺃﺴــﺎﻁﻴﺭ ﺘﻨﺘﺸــﺭ ﻓــﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻭﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭﺤﻠﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﹶﻟﻡِ ﺍﻵﺨﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﺩﻭﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل ﺍﻟﻜﻔﻴﻠﺔ ﺒﺈﻨﻘﺎﺫﻩ ﻤـﻥ ﻫـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺍﻨِﻤﺎﺭ‪‬ﻙ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﹶﻧ‪‬ﺤ‪‬ﺮ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﺭﻭﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺯﻭﻨﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺁﻭﺍ ِﻥ ﺍﻟﻘِﻁﺎﻑ ﺃﹶﻧ‪‬ﭽِﺮﺍ ﻣﺎﻳﻨ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﻮ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻕ ﻭﺒﺩﺍﻴـﺔ ﺍﻟﺭﺒﻴـﻊ‪ .‬ﻭﻜـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺃﺤﺩ ﺁﻟﻬﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻤﺱ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻤﺼﺭ ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻤﺔ؛ ﻭﻫﻭ "ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﻘـﻭﺩ‬
‫‪ANGRA MAINYU‬‬
‫ﺱ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ"‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﻋﺒـﺩﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﹼـﺎ ‪‬‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﻷﻭﻻﻥ؛ ﻭﻫﻤﺎ ﺒﻴﺜﻭﻴﺠﻴـﺎ‬
‫)ﻓﺘﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺭﺍﻤﻴل( ﻭﺨـﻭﺍﻴﺱ )ﻋﻴـﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻨﺎﻥ( ﻴﻌﺘﺒﺭﺍﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺃﻴﺎﻡ ﺍﻟـﻨﺤﺱ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﺘﻁﻠﺏ ﺍﻷﻤـﺭ ﺴـﻜﺏ ﺍﻟﺨﻤـﺭ‬
‫ﻟﻠﺘﻜﻔﻴﺭ؛ ﻓﻔﻲ ﻫﺫﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻤﻴﻥ ﺘﺴـﻴﺭ‬
‫ﺃﺭﻭﺍﺡ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺘﻰ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺝ‪ .‬ﻭﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻡ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺙ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺴﻤﻰ ﺨﺘﺭﻭﻱ )ﻋﻴﺩ‬
‫ﺇِﻧ‪‬ﭻ‬
‫‪ING‬‬
‫ﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭِﻱ ِﺘﻴ‪‬ﻭﺘﹸﻭﻨِﻲ‪ ،‬ﻴﻌ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ل ُﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﻁ ٌ‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﺒﺎﺌل ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﻌﻴﺵ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺩ ﺒﻌ ِ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺃُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭﺓ ﺘﺫﻫﺏ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻨـﻪ ‪‬ﻭﺼ‪‬ـ َ‬
‫ﺒﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ ﻏﺎﻤِﻀﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺴـﻔﻴﻨﺔ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺃﻗﺩﺍﻡ ﺠﻨﺱ ﺤﺎﻜﻡ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﺴﺎﻓﺭ ﻓﺠـﺄﺓ‬
‫ﻭﺒﺼﻭﺭﺓ ﻏﺎﻤﻀﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻨﻁﻠﻕ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﺠﻬﺔ ﻤﺠﻬﻭﻟـﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﻘـﻭل ﺒﻌـﺽ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﺸ ِﺘﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﺫﻫﺏ ﺍﻷﺴـﻁﻭﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺯ‪‬ﺭﺍ ‪‬ﺩ ﹾ‬
‫ﻤﺤﻔﻭﻅﺔ ﺒﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ ﺘﻴﻨـﻴﺱ ﺒﻤﺼـﺭ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻨﻪ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺯ ﻤﻥ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﺩ ِﺓ ﺍﻟﻅﻠﻤـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻴﻘﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﺒﺩﻭ ﺍﻹﻟﻪ ﺃﻨﺤﺭ ﻓـﻲ ﺼـﻭﺭﺓ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻨﺠﺭﺍ ﻤﺎﻴﻨﻴﻭ ﺘﺠﺴـﻴﺩ ﻟﻠﺸﱠـﺭ‪،‬‬
‫ﺁﺩﻤﻲ ﻴﺤﻤل ﺼ‪‬ﻭﻟﹶﺠﺎﻨﹰﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﺃﺼﺒﺢ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﻁ ﹸﻜلﱠ ﻋﻤ ٍ‬
‫ﺤﺒ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻭ ﻻ ﻴﻬﺩﺃ ﺇﻻ ﺇﺫﺍ َﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﺼﻔﺘﻪ ﺇﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻟﻠﺸﻤﺱ‪ ،‬ﻤﺭﺍﺩﻓﹰﺎ ﻟﻺﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﺼﺎﻟﺢٍ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺤﺱ ﺒﺎﻟﺴـﻌﺎﺩﺓ ﻋﻨـﺩﻤﺎ‬
‫ﻴﺘﻤﺭﺩ ﺇﻨﺴﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ * ﺃﻫﻭﺭﺍﻤـﺎﺯﺩﺍ‬
‫ﻉ‪.‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻹﻟﻪ * ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸﹸﻭ ﺍﺒ ِ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﺨﻴﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻁﺭﺏ ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﻴـﺭﻯ ﺃﹶﻧ‪‬ﺤ‪‬ﻮﺭ‬
‫ﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻤﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﻭﺒﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻴﺸﻴﻊ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭ ﹶ‬
‫ﻜل ﻤﻜﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﺇﻨﻪ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺒﺏ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﺌﺹ ﻭﺍﻟﺭﺫﺍﺌل‪.‬‬
‫‪ANHUR‬‬
‫ﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻭﺘﹶﻰ ﻋﻨـﺩ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺁﻟِﻬ ِﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺭ ِ‬
‫ﺼ ِﺭﻴ‪‬ﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻘـﺩﻤﺎﺀ ﻭﻤـﻥ ﺁﻟﻬـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ِﻤ ‪‬‬
‫َﺃﺒِﻴﺩ‪‬ﻭﺱ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻭ ﻴ‪‬ﺼﻭ‪‬ﺭ ﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﹰﺎ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻭﺘﺭﻭﻱ ﺍﻷﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺯﺭﺍﺩﺸـﺘﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻥ *ﺃﺯﻫـﻰ ﺩﺍﻫﺎﻜـﺎ‬
‫ﺃﻨﻪ ﺃﻭﺠﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﱢﻨﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻟﻴﻘﻀﻲ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﻟﻤـﺅﻤﻨﻴﻥ ﺒﺎﻹﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﺙ ﺒﻌ‪‬ﻅﺎ ٍﺓ )ﺴِﺤﻠﻴﺔ(‬
‫ﺃﻫﻭﺭﺍﻤﺎﺯﺩﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒ‪‬ﻌ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﻤﻬﻭﻟﺔ ﻟﺘﻠﺘﻬﻡ ﺸﺠﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺒﺤﺭ‬
‫ﻓﻭﺭﻭﻜﺎﺸﺎ‪ .‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺘﺫﻫﺏ ﺍﻷﺴـﻁﻭﺭﺓ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﺜﱠﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻷﻭل‪.‬‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻨﻪ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺘ َ‬
‫ﺤﺭ‪‬ﺒﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻫﻴﺌﺔ ﺭﺠل ﻴﺭﺘﻜﺯ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ ﺃﺼﺒﺢ ﻤ‪‬ﺭﺍ ِﺩﻓﹰﺎ ﻹﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬
‫*ﺁﺭﺱ ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﺨﻀـﻌﺕ ﻤﺼـﺭ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻤﻜﺎﻥ ﻤﺠﻬﻭل‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻗﺎﻡ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻟﻴﻭﻁﺩ‬
‫ﺃﻤﺎﻜﻥ ﻋﺩﻴﺩﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻘﺎل ﺇﻥ ﻤﻭﻤﻴـﺎﺀ‪‬ﻩ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ـﺎﻙ‬
‫ـﻤﺎل‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻨـ‬
‫ـﺭ ﺍﻟﺸـ‬
‫ـﻭل ﺒﺤـ‬
‫ﻁـ‬
‫ﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻴﺩﺓ‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﺭ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﻁﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺇﻟ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻭﺭ( ﻴﻘﺎﻡ ِﻤ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﺭﺠ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﻟﻠﻤﻭﺘﻰ‪.‬‬
‫‪ANHER‬‬
‫ﻟﻠﻨﻔﻭﺫ ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴﻘـﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺭﺒﻤـﺎ ﻜـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻤﺭﺍﺩﻓﹰﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺕ ﻨﻔﺴـﻪ ﻟﻺﻟـﻪ *‬
‫ﺃﻨﺤﺭ‪.‬‬
‫‪١٠٥‬‬
‫ﺇﻧ‪‬ﺪِﺭﺍ‬
‫‪INDRA‬‬
‫ﺇﻟ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻟﺠ ‪‬ﻭ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻁ ِﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻁﻴ ِﺭ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻬﻨﺩﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻤﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻭ ﺍﺒﻥ ﺩﻴـﺎﻭﺱ‬
‫ﺃﻭ ﺘﻔﺎﺸــﺘﺭﻱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻤ‪‬ــ ‪‬ﻪ ﺒﻘــﺭ ﹲﺓ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﻨﺸﺘﺠﺭﻱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﺍﺴﺘﻁﺎﻉ ﺃﻥ ﻴﺼﺒﺢ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺃﺤﺩ ﻜﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ ﻋﻨـﺩﻤﺎ ﺼـﺭﻉ‬
‫ﭭﺭﻴﺘﺭﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻜـل ﺒـﺎﻟﻘﺤﻁ؛‬
‫ﻭﺒﺫﻟﻙ ﺃﻁﻠﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺎ ‪‬ﻩ ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻋﺎﺩ‬
‫ﻟﻠﺸﻤﺱ ﻀﻴﺎﺀ‪‬ﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻠﻔﺠﺭ ﺇﺸﺭﺍﻗﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻶﺩﻤﻴﻴﻥ ﻓﻲ ﻜﻔﺎﺤﻬﻡ ﻀﺩ ﻋﺩﻭﻫﻡ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﻤﺭﻫﻭﺏ ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨـﺏ ﻟﺘﺴـﻠﻁﻪ‬
‫ﻋﻠــﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﻭﺍﺼــﻑ ﻭﺍﻟﺒــﺭﻭﻕ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﻋﻭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻭﻗـﺕ‬
‫ﻨﻔﺴﻪ ﻤ‪‬ﻭﻀِـ ‪‬ﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﻘـﺩﻴﺭ ﺒﺼـﻔﺘﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻋﺙ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﺨﺼﺎﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ـﺩﺒ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﻟﻬﻁﻭل ﺍﻟﻤﻁﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻴﻕ ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻴﻡ ﻭﻗﺘل ﻓﺴﻔﺎﺭﻭﺒﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﺒﻥ‬
‫ﺇﻨﺩﺭﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭﺤﻤﻠﻪ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻻﻨﻜﺎ )ﺠﺯﻴـﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺘﻔﺎﺸﺘﺭﻱ؛ ﻓﻤﺎ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻤﻥ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻷﺨﻴﺭ‬
‫ﺴﻴﻼﻥ(‪ .‬ﻭﻤﺎ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻹﻟﻬﺔ ﺇﻻ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻥ *ﭭﺭﻴﺘـﺭﺍ‬
‫ﻕ ﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﺘﱢﻨـﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨﹶﻠ ﹶ‬
‫ﺇﻻ ﺃﻥ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﺒﺫﻟﻭﺍ ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺩ ﻹﻁﻼﻕ ﺴﺭﺍﺡ ﺇﻨﺩﺭﺍ‬
‫ﻟﻴﻨﺘﻘﻡ ﻻﺒﻨﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﺤﺎﻭﻟﺕ ﺍﻹﻟﻬـﺔ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺨﻠﹸﻭ ‪‬ﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒﺄﻥ ﻴﻤﻨﺤﻭﺍ ﺭﺍﭭﺎﻨﺎ ﺍﻟ ﹸ‬
‫ﺘﻭﻓﻕ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺎﺼﻤﻴﻥ؛ ﻓﺭﻀـﻲ‬
‫ﺙ‬
‫ﻭﻴﻌﺘﻘﺩ ﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ﺭﺍﻫِﻤ ﹸﺔ ﺃﻥ ﺇﻨﺩﺭﺍ ﺍﺠﺘ ﱠ‬
‫ﭭﺭﻴﺘﺭﺍ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻭﻋﺩﻩ ﺇﻨﺩﺭﺍ ﺒﺄﻻ ﻴﻤﺴـﻪ‬
‫ﺃﺠﻨﺤ ﹶﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﺒﺎل؛ ﻷﻨﻬﺎ ﻜﺎﻨـﺕ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺒﺄﺫﻯ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻭﻗﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻁﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻔﺎﻑ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻭﺍﻤل ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺭﻯ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻀـﻁﺭﺍﺏ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻻ ﻴﺠﺭﺤﻪ ﺍﻟﺴـﻴﻑ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟـﺭﻤﺢ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺠﻭﺍﺀ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﺭﻭﻱ ﺍﻟﻤﻼﺤﻡ ﺍﻟﻬﻨﺩﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻻ ﻴﺅﺫﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺨﺸﺏ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺃﻨﻪ ﺍﺸﺘﺭﻙ ﻓﻲ ﺤﺭﻭﺏ ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻨﻪ‬
‫ﺃﺜﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺭ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻠﻴل‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﺇﻨـﺩﺭﺍ‬
‫ﻴﻀﻊ ﻗﻭﺱ ﹸﻗﺯ‪‬ﺡ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﻜﺩﻟﻴل‬
‫ﻗﺘل ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻴﻥ ﭭﺭﻴﺘﺭﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺭﻏﻡ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺠﻭﺩﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘَﺄﺨﱢﺭﺓ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﺠﻭ ﻭﺤﺎﻜﻡ ﺴﻔﺎﺭﺠﺎ‬
‫)ﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﺇﻨـﺩﺭﺍ(‪ .‬ﺒﻴـﺩ ﺃﻥ ﻤﻜﺎﻨﺘـﻪ‬
‫ﺃﺼﺒﺤﺕ ﺃﻗل ﻤﻤﺎ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺇﻨﺩﺭﺍ ﻓﻲ ﺼﻑ ﺍﻹﻟﻪ ﺴﻭﺭﺍ ﻀـﺩ‬
‫ﺃﺴﻭﺭﺍ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺍﻟﻁﻭﻓﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨـﻪ ﻟـﻡ‬
‫ﺒﻤﺴﺎﻋﺩﺓ ﭭﺸﻨﻭ؛ ﻓﻜﻭﻓﻲﺀ ﺇﻨﺩﺭﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ل ﺤﺎ ِﻜﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺠﻌِ َ‬
‫ﺠﻬﻭﺩﻩ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺒﺄﻥ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻭﺍﻟﻡ ﺍﻟﺜﱠﻼﺜـﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﻋﻘـﺏ ﺫﻟـﻙ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺼﺭ ﺍﻟﺫﻫﺒﻲ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﺍﻤﺘﻁﻰ ﺇﻨﺩﺭﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻐﺴ‪‬ﻕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺒﻘﻌﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺤل ﺘﻠﺘﻘﻲ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻁﻭل‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺭﻜﺏ ﻋﺭﺒﺔ ﺫﻫﺒﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻁﻭ‪‬ﺒ ِﺔ ﺒﺎﻟﺠﻔﺎﻑ‪ ،‬ﻭﺼـﺭﻋﻪ‬
‫ﻴﺠﺭﻫﺎ ﺠﻭﺍﺩﺍﻥ ﺃﺼﻬﺒﺎﻥ )ﻭﻴﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﺼﺎﻋﻘﺔ ﻭﺯﺒﺩ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺭ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﹶﻓ ‪‬ﺭ ﺇﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻋﺩﺩ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺎﺩ ﻓﻲ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺍﻴـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺵ ﻤﺨﺘﺒﺌًـﺎ‬
‫ﺒﺤﻴﺭﺓ ﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ؛ ﺤﻴﺙ ﻋﺎ ﹶ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺇﺤﺩﻯ ﺴﻴﻘﺎﻥ ﻨﺒـﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻠـﻭﺘﺱ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺠﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻘﺤﻁ ﻭﻋﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻼﺀ ﻓﻠﻡ ﻴﺠـﺩ‬
‫ﭭﺸﻨﻭ ﻤﻨﺎﺼ‪‬ﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻴﻌـﺩ ﺇﻨـﺩﺭﺍ‬
‫ﻀﺤ‪‬ﻰ ﺒﺠـﻭﺍﺩ‬
‫ﺒﺎﺴﺘﻌﺎﺩﺓ ﻤﻜﺎﻨﺘﻪ ﺇﺫﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﻗﺭﺒﺎﻨﹰﺎ ﻟﻶﻟﻬﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒﻴﻥ ﺃﻟﻑ ﻭﻤﺎﺌﺔ ﺠـﻭﺍﺩ ﻭﻋﺸـﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺁﻻﻑ ﺠﻭﺍﺩ(‪ ،‬ﻭﺴﻼﺤﻪ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ـﺎﻋِﻘﺔ‬
‫ﺨﻁﹼــﺎﻑ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﹶــﻭﺱ ﻭﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ــﻬﺎﻡ ﻭﺍﻟ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺭﺒﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﺫﻜﺭ ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻁﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺘـﺄﺨﺭﺓ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻭﻻ ﺘﹸﻘﺩ‪‬ﻡ ﻓﺭﻭﺽ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﻹﻨﺩﺭﺍ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﻤﺒﺎﺸﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻊ ﺫﻟﻙ ﻴﻘﺎﻡ ِﻤ ‪‬ﻬﺭ‪‬ﺠـﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺒﺎﺴﻤﻪ ﻓﻲ ﻜل ﻋﺎﻡ‪.‬‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻴﺴﺘﻁﻊ ﺃﻥ ﻴﻅﻔﺭ ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺼﺭ ﻟﻺﻟﻬﺔ ﺇﻻ‬
‫ﻟﻶﻟﻬﺔ؛ ﻭﺫﻟﻙ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺌﻪ ﺒﻪ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺫﻫﺒﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻪ ﺫﺭﺍﻋﺎﻥ ﻤﻤﻌﻨﺘﺎﻥ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻁﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻤﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻗـﺩ ﺤـﺎﺭ‪‬ﺏ‬
‫ﻁﻌ‪‬ـﻪ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻨﻔﺴـﻪ‬
‫ﻋ ِﺩ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻴ‪‬ﺼﻭ‪‬ﺭ ﺇﻨﺩﺭﺍ ﺒﺄﻨـﻪ ﺃﺤﻤـﺭ ﺃﻭ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﻭﻅل ﺇﻨﺩﺭﺍ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻁِﻴ ِﺭ ﺍﻟﻬﻨﺩﻴﺔ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﻌﻴﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﺍﻨﺤﺭﻑ ﻋـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﻤﺎﻴﺎﻨﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺭﺍﭭﺎﻨﺎ ﺍﻨﺘﺼﺭ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
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‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﺇﻨـﺩﺭﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﻌـﻴﻥ ﺍﻷﻜﺒـﺭ‬
‫ﻓﻴﻪ ﺇﻴﺭﺍﭭﺎﻨﺎ )ﻓﻴل ﺇﻨـﺩﺭﺍ( ﻟﻴﺭﺍﻗـﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻭﺼ‪‬ﻤﺎﺕ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻌﻴﻭﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﺠﺎﺀ ﻓﻲ *‬
‫ﺇﻨﺩﺭﺍ ﺍﻗﺘﺭﻑ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻵﺜﺎﻡ‪ .‬ﻭﺫﻜﺭﺕ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴﻌ‪‬ﺯﻯ ﻫﺒﻭﻁـﻪ ﻤـﻥ ﻤﻜﺎﻨﺘـﻪ‬
‫* ﺍﻟﻤﻬﺎﺒﻬﺎﺭﺘﺎ ﺃﻨﻪ ﺤـﺎﻭل ﺇﻏـﺭﺍﺀ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻤﺘﺎﺯﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﻨـﺔ ﻓـﻲ ﻋﻬـﺩ‬
‫ﺃﻫﺎﻟﻴﺎ ﺯﻭﺠﺔ ﺠﻭﺘﺎﻤﺎ ﻓﻌﻭﻗﺏ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ﺭﺍﻫ‪‬ﻤﺔ؛ ﻷﻨﻬﻡ ﻜـﺎﻨﻭﺍ ﻴﻜﺭﻫـﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺫﻟﻙ ﺒﺄﻥ ﺭﺸـﻕ ﺠﺴـﻤﻪ ﺒـﺂﻻﻑ‬
‫‪١٠٦‬‬
‫ﺇﻨﺩﺭﺍ ﺒﺼﻔﺘﻪ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺤﺭﺏ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﺭﻭﻱ ﻟﻬﺎ ﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﻴﺠـﻭﺩ ﺒﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﻨﻔﺴﻬﺎ ‪‬ﻤﺜِﻠﺙ ﻟﻪ ﻤﺴﺭﺤﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺘﺄﻟﻴﻔﻪ‬
‫ﻭﻴﺴﻤﻰ ﻓﻲ ﺒﻼﺩ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﺇﻨـﺩﺭﺍ‪،‬‬
‫ﺨﻴﺎﻟﹸﻪ ﺍﻟﺨﹶﺼﺏ‪ .‬ﻭﺤﺎﻭل ﺃﻨﺩﺭﺴـﻥ‪،‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺭﺡ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻜﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﺴـﻨﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺃﺼﺒﺢ ﺃﺤﺩ ﺍﻟﺸـﻴﺎﻁﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺴـﺒﻌﺔ‬
‫ﺒﻌﺩ ﻭﻓﺎﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻩ ﺃﻥ ﻴـﺘﻌﻠﻡ ﺤﺭﻓـﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﺠﻬﻭﺩﻩ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺩﺍﻥ ﺒﺎﺀ‪‬ﺕ‬
‫‪ ١٨٣١‬ﺴﺎﻓﺭ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻟﻤﺎﻨﻴـﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﻨـﺩ‬
‫ﻋﻭﺩﺘﻪ ﻤﻥ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺭﺤﻠﺔ ﻜﺘﺏ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬
‫ﻭﻴﻌﺎﻭﻥ *ﺃﻨﺠﺭﺍ ﻤﺎﻴﻨﻴﻭ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﺸﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟ ﹶﻔﺸﹶل؛ ﻓﺭﺤل ﺇﻟـﻰ ﻜﻭﺒﻨﻬـﺎﺠﻥ‬
‫"ﺍﺴﻜﺘﺸﹰﺎ"‪ .‬ﻭﺤﺎﻭل ﺨﻼل ﺍﻟﻌـﺎﻤﻴﻥ‬
‫"ﻟﻴﺤﻅﻰ ﺒﺎﻟﺸﱡﻬﺭﺓ"‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺤـﺎﻭل‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﻴﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻴﻜﺘﺏ ﻗﺼﺎﺌﺩ ﻭﺃﻭﺒﺭﺍﺕ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﻴﻠﺘﺤﻕ ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺴﺭﺡ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻜﻲ ﻟﻴﻌﻤل‬
‫ﻭﻤﺴﺭﺤﻴﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻬﺎ ﻟﻡ ﺘﺼـﺎﺩِﻑ‬
‫ﻥ ﺃﻭ ‪‬ﻤﻤ‪‬ﺜل‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﺎﺵ ﻓﺘـﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺒﻪ ﻜﻤ‪‬ﻐ ٍ‬
‫ﻨﺠﺎﺤ‪‬ﺎ ﻴﺫﻜﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﺴﺎﻓﺭ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺇﻴﻁﺎﻟﻴـﺎ‬
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‫ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺤﺎﺭِﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺘﺠـل‬
‫ﺼ‪‬ﺤﺒﺔ ﺃﻗﺭﺍﻨـﻪ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻷﻁﻔـﺎلِ‪،‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺸﻭﺍﺭﻉ ﻜﻭﺒﻨﻬﺎﺠﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺎﺭ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻴـﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﺯﺭﺍﺩﺸـﺘﻴﺔ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﻜﺫﺍ ﻴﺘﻀـﺢ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﺭﺍﺴـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨــﺔ ﻟﻸﺴــﺎﻁﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻬﻨﺩﻴــﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻹﻴﺭﺍﻨﻴﺔ ﺃﻥ ﺇﻨﺩﺭﺍ ﺇﻨﻤﺎ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻴﻔﺴﺭ‬
‫ﻁ‬
‫ـﺎﺭِﺯﺓ ﹶﺘـ ‪‬ﺭ ﹶﺘ ِﺒ ﹸ‬
‫ـﺔ ﺒـ‬
‫ـﺎﻫﺭﺓ ﻜﻭﻨﻴـ‬
‫ﻅـ‬
‫ﻕ ﺒﺎﻹﺨﺼﺎﺏ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻭ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻷﺠﻭﺍﺀ ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘﻌ‪‬ﱠﻠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺒﻌــﺽ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻜﺘﹼــﺎﺏ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﹶﻠﺤ‪‬ﻨــﻴﻥ‬
‫ﻋﻭﺩﺘﻪ ﻤﻨﻬﺎ ﺭﻭﺍﻴـﺔ "ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺠـل"؛‬
‫ﺒﻬﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﺒﺔ ﻗﺩ َﺃ ﱠﺜﺭ‪ ‬ﻓـﻲ ﺃﺴـﺎﻁﻴﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻭﻓﻴﻥ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﻬﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﻲ ﺃﻭل ﺭﻭﺍﻴﺔ ﻁﻭﻴﻠﺔ ﻟﻪ ﻻﻗـﺕ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻋﺎﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻴﺘﻠﻘﹼﺎﻫﺎ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﺒﺤﺜﹰﺎ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻹﻟﻬـﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺘـﺏ ﻋﻨـﺩ‬
‫ﻜﻤﺎ ﺃﻨﻪ ﻴﺭﺍﺩﻑ ﺍﻹﻟﻪ *ﺜﹸـﻭﺭ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻜﻭﻟﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﺃﺤﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺘﻐﻠﻴﻥ ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺴـﺭﺡ؛‬
‫ﻓﺘﻌﻬﺩﻩ ﺒﺎﻟﺭﻋﺎﻴـﺔ ﻭﺃﺭﺴـﻠﻪ ﻋـﺎﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻟﻤﺎﻨﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﻨﺠﻠﻴﺯﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺴﺒﺒﹰﺎ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺸﻬﺭﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺼﺩﺭﺕ ﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪ ١٨٢٢‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﻤﺩﺭﺴﺔ ﻟﻴﺘﻔﻘﱠـﻪ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺒﻌﺩ ﺫﻟﻙ ﺭﻭﺍﻴﺎﺕ "ﺍﻟﻌﻬـﺩ ﺍﻟﻘـﺩﻴﻡ"‬
‫ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﻨﺎﻅﺭ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﺩﺭﺴـﺔ‬
‫ـﻭﻥ ﺃﻭ ﻻ‬
‫ـﺎﺭﻭﻨﺘﻴﻥ" ﻭ"ﺃﻥ ﻴﻜـ‬
‫ﻭ"ﺍﻟﺒـ‬
‫ﺩ‪َ‬ﺃﺏ‪ ‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺴﺨﺭﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺃﻨﺩﺭﺴـﻥ؛‬
‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ" ﻭ"ﺍﻟﺭﻓﻴﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻅﻭﻅ"‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻁﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻨﻭﺭﺩﻴـﺔ ﻓـﻲ ﺃﻭﺭﺒـﺎ‬
‫ﺃﹶﻧ‪‬ﺪﺭ‪‬ﺳ‪‬ــــــﻦ )ﻫــــــﺎﻧ‪‬ﺰ‬
‫ﻛِﺮِﻳﺴ‪‬ﺘِﻴﺎﻥ ﺃﹶﻧﺪﺭﺳﻦ(‬
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‫ﺸﻌﻭﺏ ﺃﺨﺭﻯ ﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻬﻨﻭﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺭﺱ‬
‫ﻭﺃﺴﻌﺩﻩ ﺍﻟﺤﻅ ﺒﻠﻘـﺎﺀ ﺠﻭﻨـﺎﺱ‬
‫ﻨﺠﺎﺤ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻅﻴﻤ‪‬ـﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﺭﺠِﻤـﺕ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﻤﻤﺎ ﺩ‪ ‬ﹶﻓﻊ‪ ‬ﺒﻪ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺤﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻴﺄﺱ‪ .‬ﻭﺨﻑ‬
‫ﻜﻭﻟﻴﻥ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻨﺠﺩﺓ ﺃﻨﺩﺭﺴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﻬـﺩ‬
‫ﺜﻡ ﺒﺩﺃ ﺃﻨﺩﺭﺴﻥ ﻴﻜﺘﺏ ﺤِﻜﺎﻴـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺨﺭﺍﻓﻴﺔ ﻟﻸﻁﻔﺎل؛ ﻓﻅﻬﺭﺕ ﻟﻪ "ﻋﻠﺒﺔ‬
‫‪HANS CHRISTIAN‬‬
‫‪ ANDERSEN‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺘﺫﺓ ﺒﺘﺜﻘﻴﻔﻪ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺼﻭﻓﺎﻥ"‪ ،‬ﻭ"ﻜـﻼﻭﺱ ﺍﻟﺼـﻐﻴﺭ‬
‫ﺕ‬
‫ﻑ ﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻲ ﻭﻤﺅﻟ ﹸ‬
‫ﺏ ‪‬ﺩﻨِﻤ ‪‬ﺭ ِﻜ ‪‬‬
‫ﻜﺎﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﺎﹶﻟﻤﻴ ٍﺔ ﻤﺸﻬﻭﺭﺓ‪ .‬ﻭِﻟ ‪‬ﺩ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻴـﻭﻡ‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﺃﺒﻭﻩ ﺇﺴﻜﺎﻓﹰﺎ ﻓﻘﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻤﻪ ﺴﻴﺩﺓ‬
‫ﺃﻤﻴﺔ ﺘـﺅﻤﻥ ﺒﺎﻟﺨﺭﺍﻓـﺎﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﻜـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻁﻔﹸﻭﻟﺘِﻪ ﻴﺅﺜﺭ ﺍﻟﻠﻌـﺏ‬
‫ﺃﻨﺩﺭﺴﻥ ﻓﻲ ﹸ‬
‫ﻤﻊ ﺩ‪‬ﻤﻴﺔ ﺼﻨﻌﻬﺎ ﻟﻪ ﺃﺒـﻭﻩ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ﻨﺸﺭ ﺃﻨﺩﺭﺴﻥ ﺃﻭ‪‬ل ﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻟﻪ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺎﺯﻻﺀ" ﻭ"ﺃﺯﻫﺎﺭ ﺇﻴﺩﺍ ﺍﻟﺼﻐﻴﺭﺓ"‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻓﻲ ﺴـﻨﺔ ‪ ١٨٣٧‬ﺼـﺩﺭﺕ ﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ١٨٢٢‬ﺒﺎﺴﻡ ﻤﺴﺘﻌﺎﺭ ﻫﻭ ﻭﻟﻴﺎﻡ‬
‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ ﻗﺼﺼﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓـﻲ ﺴـﻨﺔ‬
‫ﻜﺭﺴﺘﻴﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺭ )ﻭﻫﻭ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﻋـﻥ‬
‫‪ ١٨٤٢‬ﻅﻬــﺭﺕ ﻟــﻪ ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋــﺔ‬
‫ـﻡ‬
‫ـﺒﻴﺭ ﻭﺍﺴـ‬
‫ـﻡ ﺸﻜﺴـ‬
‫ـﻤﻪ ﻭﺍﺴـ‬
‫ﺍﺴـ‬
‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﺴﺘﻤﺭ ﻓﻲ ﻜﺘﺎﺒﺔ ﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺴﻜﻭﺕ(‪ .‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﺴﻨﺔ ‪ ١٨٢٩‬ﻨﺸـﺭ‬
‫ﺨﺭﺍﻓﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻨﺸﺭِﺕ ﻟﻪ ‪ ١٦٨‬ﺤﻜﺎﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻜﺘﺎﺒ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﺼﻑ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺭﺤﻠ ﹰﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﻗﺩﺍﻡ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻲ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺒﺭﻴـل ﻋـﺎﻡ ‪،١٨٠٥‬‬
‫ﻜﻭﺒﻨﻬﺎﺠﻥ‪.‬‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫"‪"١٨٧٥ – ١٨٠٥‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤــﻕ ﻋــﺎﻡ ‪ ١٨٢٨‬ﺒﺠﺎﻤﻌــﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻜــﻼﻭﺱ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻴــﺭ" ﻭ"ﺍﻷﻤﻴــﺭﺓ‬
‫‪١٠٧‬‬
‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ ﻤﻥ ‪ ٨٠‬ﻟﻐﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺤﻜﺎﻴﺔ "ﻤﻠﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﻠﻴﺩ"‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜـﻥ ﺜﻤـﺔ‬
‫ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﻼﺩ ﻓﻲ ﻋـﺩﺩ ﻤـﻥ ﻜﺘﺒـﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺩﺭﺠـﺔ‬
‫ﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺃﺨﺭﻯ ﺘﻌﺒﺭ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﺸـﺎﺅﻡ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻘﻰ ﺃﻨﺩﺭﺴﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻟﻤﺎﻨﻴﺎ ﻭﻓﺭﻨﺴﺎ‬
‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﻤﺎل ﺍﻟﻔﻨـﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫـﻲ‬
‫ﻭﺘﺼﻭﺭ ﺍﻻﻨﺘﺼﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺌﻲ ﻟﻠ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻘﻠﱢـﺩ‬
‫ﺏ ﻭﺍﻟ ﹶﻔﻨﱠـﺎﻨﻴﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒﻜﺜﻴﺭ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻜﺘﱠـﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻭﺍﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﺍﺴﺘﻠﻬﻤﻬﺎ ﺃﻨﺩﺭﺴﻥ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﻭﻓﻲ ﻤﻌﻅـﻡ ﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺘـﻪ ﻨـﺭﻯ‬
‫ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ١٨٤٧‬ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺒﻠﻪ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﻜﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺒﻭﻀﻭﺡ ﻋﻨﺼﺭ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺫﺍﺘﻴـﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻴﺴﺘﻘﺒل ﺃﺤﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﺠﻭﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻘﻰ ﻫﻨـﺎﻙ‬
‫ﻑ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﻭﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﻟﻠﻘﺎﺭِﺉ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺘﻌ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ ﹶ‬
‫ﺒﻜﺜﻴﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻜﺘﹼﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻼﻤﻌﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺃﻨﺩﺭﺴﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺨﻼل ﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ "ﺍﻟﺒﻁﱠﺔ‬
‫ﺒﻴﻨﻬﻡ ﺘﺸـﺎﺭﻟﺯ ﺩﻴﻜﻨـﺯ‪ ...‬ﻭﻜـﺎﻥ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺤﺘﻰ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ،١٨٧٢‬ﻭﺘﹸﺭﺠِﻤﺕ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﻋﻨﺎﺼﺭ ﺍﻟﺨﻴﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻤـﺎل؛ ﻤﺜـل‬
‫ﻭﺇﻓﺭﻴﻘﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﺴﺠل ﺍﻨﻁﺒﺎﻋﺎﺘﻪ ﻋﻥ‬
‫ﺘﻌﺠﺏ ﺍﻷﻁﻔـﺎل ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺒـﺎﺭ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﱠﻌ ِﺒﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺴﻤﻌﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻁﻔﻭﻟﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﺤﺩﺍﺙ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻤﺭ‪‬ﺕ‬
‫ﺒﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻓﻲ ﻜﺜﻴ ٍﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺃﻨﺩﺭﺴﻥ‬
‫ﻭﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﺯﺍ ‪‬ﺭ ﺇﻨﺠﻠﺘـﺭﺍ ﻷﻭل ﻤـﺭﺓ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻁﱡﻔﻴﻠِﻲ؛ ﻤﺜل ﺤﻜﺎﻴﺔ "ﺍﻟﺨﻴﺎل"‪.‬‬
‫ﻨﺭﻯ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎ ﹶﺓ ﺘـﺩﺏ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﺠ‪‬ﻤـﺎﺩ؛‬
‫ﻭ"ﺸﺠﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻭﺏ"‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨـﺩﻱ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺩﻨﻤﺭﻙ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻴﻌﺘﺒﺭ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺹ‬
‫ـﻴ ٍ‬
‫ـﺭ ﹰﺓ ﺃﻭ ﻴﺎﻗ ـ ﹶﺔ ﻗﻤـ‬
‫ـﻬﺩ ﺇﺒـ‬
‫ﻓﻨﺸـ‬
‫"ﻋﻠﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻭﻓﺎﻥ" ﻭﺍﻟـﺭﺍﻭﻱ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺒﻴﺕ ﺠﻭﻨﺎﺱ ﻜﻭﻟﻥ ﻤﻘﺭﻩ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﻲ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﺘﺘﹶﺼﺭ‪‬ﻑ ﻜﺎﻟﺒﺸﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﻜﺸـﻑ ﻋـﻥ‬
‫"ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻴﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﻁﺎﺌﺭﺓ"‪ .‬ﻭﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺘﻪ ﻜﻠﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺭﻏﻡ ﻤﻥ ﺸﻌﻭﺭﻩ ﺒﺄﻥ ﺍﻷﺴﺭﺓ‬
‫ﻨﻭﺍﺤﻲ ﺍﻟﻀﻌﻑ ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺭﻱ ﻭﺘﺴـﺨﺭ‬
‫ﺘﺩﻭﺭ ﺤـﻭل ﻤﺸـﻜﻼﺕ ﺇﻨﺴـﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻋﺎﻟﻤﻴﺔ ﺃﺒﻁﺎﻟﻬﺎ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟﻐﺭﺒـﺎﺀ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﻻ ﺘﻘﺒﻠﻪ ﺘﻤﺎﻤ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺼـﺩﺍﻗﺘﻪ‬
‫ﻤﻊ ﺇﺩﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻻﺒﻥ ﺍﻷﻜﺒﺭ ﺘﻤﺯﻗﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺕ ﻭﺤﻴﻭﺍﻨﺎﺕ ﺘﺤـﺱ‬
‫ﺃﺸﺠﺎﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻭﻨﺒﺎﺘﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺒﻭﺫﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ ﻴﻔﺘﻘـﺭﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻋﺎﺼﻴﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﹸﻌﺒ‪‬ﺭ ﻋﻥ ﻤﺸﺎﻋِﺭﻫﺎ ﻜـﺎﻵﺩﻤﻴﻴﻥ‪،‬‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻘﺩﺭﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻤﺘﺎﻉ ﺒﻠﺤﻅﺔ‬
‫ل ﺤﻴﺎﺘِـﻪ ﻭﺇﻥ‬
‫ﺏ ﻁﹶﻭﺍ َ‬
‫ﻭﻅل ﺃﻋﺯ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﺒﺩﻭ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺒﻭﻀﻭﺡ ﻓـﻲ ﺸـﺠﺭﺓ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﻟﺤﻅﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻌﺎﺩﺓ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ‬
‫ﻜﺎﻥ ﻗﺩ ﺘﻭﺭ‪‬ﻁ ﺃﻜﺜﺭ ﻤﻥ ﻤﺭﺓ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘﻨﱡﻭﺏ ﻭﻨﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﻗﺤﻭﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﻨﺠﺩ‬
‫ﻍ ﻟﺴـﻌﺎﺩﺓ‬
‫ﻴﺤﺴﻭﻥ ﺒﺤﻨـﻴﻥ ﻁـﺎ ٍ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺒﻴﺤﺔ" ﻭ"ﺠﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺭ ﺍﻟﺼـﻐﻴﺭﺓ"‬
‫ﺃﻨﺩﺭﺴﻥ ﻴﻨﺯل ﻓﻲ ﻀﻴﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﱡـﺒﻼ ِﺀ‬
‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺃﺨﺭﻯ ﻨـﺭﻯ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﻋﺎﻟﻡ ﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﻴﺭﻱ‬
‫‪Fairy‬‬
‫ﻤﻔﻘﻭﺩﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﺃﻨﺩﺭﺴﻥ ﻤ‪‬ﺠ ‪‬ﺩﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺎﺕ ﻏﺭﺍﻤﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒﺨﺎﺼـﺔ ﻤـﻊ‬
‫ﺠﻴﻨﻲ ﻟﻴﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻐﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻭﻴﺩﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗـﺩ‬
‫‪ Tales‬ﻻ ﻴﺨﺘﻠﻑ ﻜﺜﻴـﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻋـﻥ‬
‫ﺃﺴﻠﻭﺒﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﺍﺴـﺘﺨﺩﻡ ﺒﺸـﺠﺎﻋﺔ‬
‫ﻋﺎﻟﻤﻨﺎ؛ ﻓﺤﻜﺎﻴﺘﺎ "ﺭﺍﻋﻲ ﺍﻟﺨﻨـﺎﺯﻴﺭ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ـﺏ ﻟﻐﻭﻴـ‬
‫ـﻁﻼﺤﺎﺕ ﻭﺘﺭﺍﻜﻴـ‬
‫ﺍﺼـ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻷﻤﻴﺭﺓ " ﻭ" ﺍﻟﺒﻠﺒل" ﻤﻭﺠﻬﺘﺎﻥ ﺇﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻴﺘﻜﻠﻤﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺨﺭﺝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﻟﻴﺩ‬
‫ﻫﺅﻻﺀ ﺍﻟـﺫﻴﻥ ﻴﻔﻀـﻠﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴـﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺩﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺼﻁﻠﹶﺢ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻋﻬﺩﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻡ ﺃﻨﺩﺭﺴﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺩﺓ ﻤﻥ ﺴﻨﺔ‬
‫ﻴﺩﻭﺭ ﺤﻭل ﻨﻔﺴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﻜﺘﺏ ﺜﻼﺙ‬
‫ـﻭﺭ‬
‫ـﺱ ﺍﻹﻤﺒﺭﺍﻁـ‬
‫ـﺔ "ﻤﻼﺒـ‬
‫ﻭﺤﻜﺎﻴـ‬
‫‪ ١٨٤٠‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺴﻨﺔ ‪ ١٨٥٧‬ﺒﺭﺤﻼﺕ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻴ ٍﺭ ﺫﺍﺘﻴﺔ؛ ﺇﺤﺩﺍﻫﺎ ﺨﺎﺼﺔ ﻜﺘﺒﻬـﺎ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺡ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺩﺓ" ﺘﻔﻴﺽ ﺒﺎﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭﺓ؛ ﻓﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺴﻭﻴﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻨـﺭﻭﻴﺞ‪،‬‬
‫ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ،١٨٣٢‬ﻭﻨﺸﺭﺕ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪،١٩٢٦‬‬
‫ﻭﻜﺜﻴﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺤﻜﺎﻴـﺎﺕ ﺃﻨﺩﺭﺴـﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺇﻴﻁﺎﻟﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﺴـﺒﺎﻨﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺭﺘﻐـﺎل‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ ﺼﺩﺭﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻟﻤﺎﻨﻴﺎ ﻋـﺎﻡ‬
‫ﻴﺒﻌﺙ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺅل‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺘﻐﻠﱠﺏ ﻓﻴـﻪ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨــﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺁﺴــﻴﺎ ﺍﻟﺼــﻐﺭﻯ‪،‬‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﺼﺩﻴﻘﺔ ﺤﻤﻴﻤﺔ ﻭﺃﻟﻬﻤﺘـﻪ ﺒﻌـﺽ‬
‫ﻗﺼﺼﻪ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺩﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻜﺜﻴﺭ ﻤﻥ ﻤﺅﻟﻔـﺎﺕ ﺃﻨﺩﺭﺴـﻥ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭﺨﻴﺹ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻔـﻥ ﺍﻷﺼـﻴل‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻰ ﺒﻬﺎ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ .١٨٤٣‬ﻭﺃﺼـﺒﺤﺕ‬
‫‪١٠٨‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺩﻨِﻤﺭﻜﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﺴﺒﻕ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻨﻘﺫﻩ ﺃﻨﺩﺭﻭﻜﻠﺱ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﻜِﻴﺸﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺩ ﺁﻨﹸﻭ ﻭﺇﻴﺎ ﻭ*ﺇﻨﻠﻴـل‪،‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺃﻨﺩﺭﺴﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺒﻴـﺕ ﺁل‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ﻤﺎ ﹶ‬
‫ﻻ ﻤﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻴﻬﺎﺠﻤﻪ ﺃﺨـﺫ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻟﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒﺩ ﹰ‬
‫ﻭﺇﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ﹾﻠ ِﻭﻱ‪ ‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺠـﺎﺀ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻤﻠﺸﻴﻭﺭ ﻓﻲ ﻜﹸﻭﺒﻨﻬﺎﺠﻥ‪ ،‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻴـﻭﻡ‬
‫ﻴﻼﻁﻔﻪ ﻓﺄﻁﻠﻕ ﺍﻟﺭﻭﻤـﺎﻥ ﺴـﺭﺍﺡ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﹾﺒﺎ ِﺒِﻠﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴ‪‬ﻌﺘﻘﹶـﺩ ﺃﻨـﻪ‬
‫ﻭﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟ ِﻘﺼ‪‬ـﺔ ﻫـﻲ ﻤﻭﻀـﻭﻉ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻷﺸﻭﺭﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﺤﻜﺎﻴﺔ‬
‫ـﺩ"‬
‫ـﺩﺭﻭﻜﻠﺱ ﻭﺍﻷﺴـ‬
‫ـﺭﺤﻴﺔ "ﺃﻨـ‬
‫ﻤﺴـ‬
‫ﺨﻠﹾﻕ‪ ،‬ﻴﺄﻤﺭ ﺃﻨﺸﺎﺭ ﺍﺒﻨﻴﻪ ﺁﻨﻭ ﻭﺇﻴـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﻟ ِﺒﺭ‪‬ﻨﺎﺭ‪‬ﺩ ﺸﹸﻭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﻴﻘــﺎﺘﻼ *ﺘﻴﺎﻤــﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻬﻤــﺎ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫‪ ،١٨٤٧‬ﻭﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺜﺔ ﺼﺩﺭﺕ ﻟﻪ ﺒﺎﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺭﻙ؛ ﻓﺘﻌﺭ‪‬ﻑ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬
‫ﺝ‬
‫ﺨﻤ‪‬ﻭ ﻭﻻﺨﺎﻤ‪‬ﻭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ *ﻻﹾ‬
‫ﺍﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺒﻊ ﻤﻥ ﺃﻏﺴﻁﺱ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪.١٨٧٥‬‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﻜﺸﻑ ﺁﻻﻑ ﺍﻟﺭﺴﺎﺌل ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﺭﻜﻬﺎ‬
‫ـﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﺏ ِﺒ ﹶﻨ ﹾﻔﺴِـ‬
‫ـ ٍ‬
‫ـﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌﺠ‪‬ـ‬
‫ـﻥ ﺇﻨﺴـ‬
‫ﻋـ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻤﺘﹶﻭﺍﻀِ ٍﻊ ﻓﻲ ﺁﻥ ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‪ ...‬ﺤﺴ‪‬ﺎﺱ‬
‫ﻟﻠﻨﱠﻘــﺩ‪ ،‬ﻟﻤ‪‬ــﺎﺡ ﺍﻟــﺫﻜﺎﺀ ﻗــﻭﻱ‬
‫ﺃﺼﻴل‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺘﺴﻡ ﺤﻜﺎﻴﺎﺘـﻪ ﺒﺒﺴـﺎﻁﺔ‬
‫ﺒﺎﺭِﻋﺔ ﻗﻠﱠﻤﺎ ﺘﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭ ﻓـﻲ ﻏﻴﺭﻫـﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﺴﻠﻭﺒﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺭﻉ ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤـﺎ ﻴﺘـﺄﺜﺭ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﺭﺠﻤﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﹶﻧ‪‬ﺪﺭ‪‬ﻭﻛِﻠﺲ‬
‫ﺃﻨﺩﺭﻭﻜﻠﺱ‪.‬‬
‫ﻴﺘﺭﺍﺠﻌﺎﻥ ﹶﻓﺯ‪‬ﻋ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺨﻴـﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻋﻨـﺩﻤﺎ‬
‫ﺇﻧ‪‬ﺪِﳚِﻴﺘِﻴﺲ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ ﻋﺎﺸـﻭﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻵﻟِﻬ ﹸﺔ ﻭﺍﻷﺒﻁﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻭﻴﻘﺘﻠﻬﺎ؛ ﻴﺴـﺘﻌﻴﺩ ﺃﻨﺸـﺎﺭ ﺒﻌـﺽ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺭﻭﻤﺎ ﻜﻤﺨﻠﻭﻗﺎﺕ ﻓﺎﻨِﻴـﺔ‪ ،‬ﺜـﻡ‬
‫ﺴﻠﻁﺎﻨﻪ ﺍﻟﻀﺎﺌﻊ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﺃﻨﺸﺎﺭ ﺇﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﻋ ِﺒﺩ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻫﻡ ﺤ‪‬ﻤـﺎ ﹶﺓ ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟـﺔ‪،‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﻟﻴﻼﹰ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺠﺴﻡ ﺒﺼﻔﺔ ﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬
‫ﻤﺎ ﻴﺸﺘﺭﻜﻭﻥ ﻤـﻊ ﺍﻵﻟﻬـﺔ؛ ﻤﺜـل‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺠﻭﻡ؛ ﺤﻴﺙ ﺭﻗﺹ ﻜﻌﻨﺯﺓ‪ ،‬ﻴﺤﻴﻁ‬
‫ﻭﺒﺨﺎﺼﺔ ﺃﺤﻔﺎ ‪‬ﺩ *ﺃﻴﻨﻴﺎﺱ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺜﻴـﺭ‪‬ﺍ‬
‫ل ﻗﺼـ ٍﺔ‬
‫ﻲ ﻭﻫﻭ ﺒﻁ ُ‬
‫ﻋﺒ ‪‬ﺩ ﺭﻭﻤﺎﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻟﻬﻡ ﺩﻭﺭ ﻓـﻲ ﺘﺄﺴـﻴﺱ‬
‫‪Aulus‬‬
‫ﺭﻭﻤﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴ‪‬ـﺫﻜﺭﻭﻥ ﻤـﻊ ﻻﺭﻴـﺱ‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ‪‬ﺭ ﻤﻥ ﻗﺴﻭﺓ ﺴﻴﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﺠﺄ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻜﻬ ٍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺎﺕ ﻤﺜل ﺠﺎﻨﻭﺱ ‪Janus‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺇﻓﺭﻴﻘﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻫﻭ ﺠﺎﻟِﺱ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻭ* ﺇﻴﻔﺎﻨـــﺩﺭ ﻭ* ﻫﺭﻗـــل ﻭ*‬
‫ل ﺃﺴﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﻘـﺩ‪‬ﻡ ﺤﺘـﻰ‬
‫ﺨَ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﻬﻑ ﺩ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﺭﻭﻤﻭﻟﻭﺱ؛ ﺘﻌـﺩ ﺼـﻭﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻟﻺﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﺨﻠﹶﺒﻪ ﺸﻭﻜ ﹰﺔ ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ ﺘﻭﺭﻤﺕ ﺒﺴﺒﺒﻬﺎ‬
‫ِﻤ ﹾ‬
‫ﺠﻨﹸـﻭ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﻗﺩﻤﻪ ﻓﺎﻨﺘﺯﻋﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﺤﺩﺙ ﺃﻥ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭﻤﺎﻥ ﻋﺜﺭﻭﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻨـﺩﺭﻭﻜﻠﺱ‬
‫ﻲ ﺒﻪ ﻟﻠـﻭﺤﺵ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺒﻀﻭﺍ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭُﺃ ﹾﻟ ِﻘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩﺏ ﺍﻷﻜﺒﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﻨﻑ‪:‬‬
‫ﺠﻡٍ ﻫـﻭ ﺜـﺎﻨﻲ ﺃﻭ ﺜﺎﻟـﺙ‬
‫ﺍﺴ ‪‬ﻡ ﹶﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺠﻭﻡ ﹶﻗ ‪‬ﺩﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻜ ‪‬ﻭﻜﹶﺒـﺔِ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﺱ‬
‫ﻴﻌﺭﻓﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻌـﺭﺏ ﺒِﺎﺴ‪‬ـ ِﻡ ﺍﻟﻔﹶـ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻋﻅﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺴﻤﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﻘﺯﻭﻴﻨـﻲ ﻓـ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔﺭ‪‬ﺱ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻟﺭﺍﺠﺢ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻻﺴﻡ ﺃﻨـﻑ‬
‫ﺃﹶﻧ‪‬ﺸﺎﺭ ﺃﻭ ﺃﹶﻧ‪‬ﺴﺎﺭ‬
‫‪ANSHAR OR‬‬
‫‪ANSAR‬‬
‫ﺩﺨل ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﺭﺠﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻼﺘﻴﻨﻴﺔ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺩ ﺍﻟﺭﻭﻤﺎﻨﻲ ﻓﻼﺤـﻅ ﺃﻥ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺒﻪ ﻤﺴﺎﻋﺩﻭﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺒﻌﺔ ﻤـﻥ ﻨﺠـﻭﻡ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫‪ .Gelius‬ﻭﺘﺭﻭﻱ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻨﺩﺭﻭﻜﻠﺱ‬
‫ﻭﺒﻴﻨــﺎﺘﻴﺱ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻨــﺕ ﺒﻌــﺽ‬
‫ﻭﻗﻑ ﺃﻤﺎﻡ ﺃﻨﺩﺭﻭﻜﻠﺱ؛ ﻓﺘﻁﻠﱠﻊ ﺇﻟﻴـﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻁﺒﻲ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻗﻤﺔ ﺠﺒل‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫‪ANDROCLES‬‬
‫ﻷﻭﻟــﻭﺱ ﺠﻴﻠﻴــﻭﺱ‬
‫ﻟﻶﻟﻬﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺤﺎﺭﺏ ﺁﻟﻬـﺔ ﺍﻟﻼﺘﻜـﻭﻥ‬
‫‪INDIGETES‬‬
‫*ﻤﺎﺭﺱ ﻭ* ﻓﺴـﺘﺎ ﻭ* ﻓﻴﻨـﻭﺱ؛‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﻴﺭﺴل ﻤﺎﺭﺩﻭﺥ )ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻩ ﻤﻨﺘﻘﻤ‪‬ـﺎ(‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻼﺤﻅﺔ‪ ...‬ﺇﻥ ﺃﻨﺩﺭﺴـﻥ ﻓﻨﹼـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻑ ﻟﻺﻟــﻪ * َﺁﺸﹸــﻭﺭ ﻓــﻲ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ــﺭﺍ ِﺩ ﹲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺼﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻁﻰ ﻋـﻥ ﻁﺭﻴـﻕ‬
‫ﻤ‪‬ﻨﺠ‪‬ﻤﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺏ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻐﺭِﺏ‪.‬‬
‫‪١٠٩‬‬
‫ﺍِﻧ‪‬ﻔِﺼﺎﻝﹸ ﺍﻟﺮ‪‬ﻭﺡِ‬
‫‪SOUL LOSS‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﺸـﺎﺌ ‪‬ﻊ ﺒـﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻌﻭﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺍ ِﺌﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺭﺩ ﺫﻜﺭ‪‬ﻩ ﻜﺜﻴـﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ـﻭﺭ‬
‫ـﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻭﻟﻜﻠـ‬
‫ـﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﻜﺎﻴـ‬
‫ﺒﺼﻔﺔ ﻋﺎﻤﺔ ﻓـﻲ ﺠﻤﻴـﻊ ﺃﺭﺠـﺎﺀ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﺫﻫﺏ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻘﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻋِﺒﺎﺩﺘﹸﻪ ﺍﺭﺘﺒﺎﻁﹰﺎ ﻭﺜﻴﻘﹰﺎ ﺒﻌﺒﺎﺩﺓ "ﻨِﻴﻨـﺎ"‬
‫ﺽ ﻭﺍﻟﻬﻭﺍ ِﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺎﺼِـﻔ ِﺔ‬
‫ﺇﻟ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻷﺭ ِ‬
‫ﻤﻠﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺎﻩ؛ ﻭﻫـﻲ ﺍﺒﻨﺘﹸـﻪ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭ ِﺓ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ـﻭ ‪‬ﻤ ِﺭﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫـﻭ‬
‫ﺍﺭﺘﺒﻁﺕ ﺒﻌﺒـﺎﺩﺓ "ﻨﻨﺠﺭﺴـﻭ" ﺇﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﻜﻭ‪‬ﻥ ﺜﺎﻟﻭﺜﹰﺎ ﻤﻊ ﺁﻨﻭ ﻭﺇﻴﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻜـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭﻱ‪.‬‬
‫ﺭﺍﻋﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﻟﻨﻴﺒﻭﺭ ‪Nippur‬؛ ﺤﻴﺙ ﻜﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻭﻋﺭﻑ ﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﹰﺎ ﺒﺎﺴﻡ "ﺇﻴﺎ"‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻘﺎل‬
‫ﻤﻌﺒﺩﻩ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺴﻤ‪‬ﻰ ﺇﻴﻜﻭﺭ )ﺃﻱ ﺍﻟﺒﻴـﺕ‬
‫ﺇﻥ * ﺃﺭﻭﺭﻭ ﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺨﻠﻘﺘﻪ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﺒﻠﻲ(‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﺇﻨﻠﻴل ﺴﻴﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﻟﻸﺭﻭﺍﺡ‬
‫ل‪.‬‬
‫ﺼ ﹾﻠﺼ‪‬ﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻟﻌﺎﺒﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﺍﺨﺘﻠﻁ ﺒﺎﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺫﻟﻙ‬
‫ـﻭﺍﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜـ‬
‫ـﻲ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻭﺍﻟﻬـ‬
‫ﻓـ‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺸﺒﺎﺡ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﱠﻴﺎﻁﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﻴ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺭ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺡ ﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺘﺴـﻜﻥ ﻤﻨﻔﺼـﻠﺔ ﺇﻧ‪‬ﻜِﻴﻼﺩ‪‬ﻭﺱ‬
‫ﻋﻥ ﺍﻟﺠﺴﺩ؛ ﻤـﻥ ﺃﺠـل ﺴـﻼﻤﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻴﺴﻤﻰ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺒﺎﻨﻔﺼﺎل ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺡ‪.‬‬
‫ﺇِﻧ‪‬ﻔِﲑﻱ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁل ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﱡﺴﺨﺔ ﺍﻷﺼـﻠﻴﺔ ﻟــ‬
‫‪ENCELADUS‬‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ـﺭﻯ‪.‬‬
‫ـﺒﺎﺏ ﺃﺨـ‬
‫ـﺨﺹ ﺃﻭ ﻷﺴـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸـ‬
‫ﺒﺎﺴﻡ "ﺍﻟﺠﺒل ﺍﻟﻌﻅﻴﻡ"‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻌﻠﻪ ﻜـﺎﻥ‬
‫‪INFERI‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﻴ‪ ‬ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﻌﻴﺵ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺌﻨﺎ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒﺨﺎﺼﺔ ﺁﻟﻬـﺔ ﺍﻟﻌـﺎﹶﻟﻡِ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ــ ﹾﻔِﻠﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓــﻲ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻟــﺏ ﺃﺭﻭﺍﺡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺤﻠﻴﻥ )ﻜﻤﺎ ﺠﺎﺀ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺴــﻭﺒﻴﺭﻱ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺌﻨــﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﻴــﺔ‬
‫* ِﺯﻴ‪‬ﻭﺱ ﻜﻤﺎ ﺠﺎﺀ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺴـﻁﻭﺭﺓ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻵﺸﻭﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﺨﻴﺭﺓ؛ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻤﺎ ﻴﺩل‬
‫ﻥ *ﺃﻭﺭﺍﻨﹸـﻭﺱ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴﻘﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻭ ﺍﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻨﻪ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺇﻟـﻪ ﻋﺎﺼـﻔﺔ‬
‫ﻭ*ﺠﻴﺎ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺤﻤﻠﺕ ﺒﻪ ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﺴﻘﻁ‬
‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ ﺒﺩﻭﺭ ﺇﻨﻠﻴل‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﻟـﻡ ﻴـﺭﺩ‬
‫ﺩﻡ ﺃﻭﺭﺍﻨﻭﺱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬
‫ﺫﻜﺭ ﻹﻨﻠﻴل ﻨﻔﺴﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻬﺫﺍ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺇﻨﻠﻴل‬
‫ﻗﻁــﻊ ﺃﺤــﺩ ﺃﻋﻀــﺎﺀ ﺠﺴــﻤﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫِﺭ ﺍﻷﺼـﻠﻲ *ﻟﺘﻴﺎﻤـﺎﺕ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﻨﻜﻴﻼﺩﻭﺱ ﻟﻪ ﺸﻜل ﺇﻨﺴﺎﻥ ﺃﻗﺩﺍﻤﻪ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺸﻜل ﺜﻌﺎﺒﻴﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﺃﻟﻘﺕ *ﺃﺜﻴﻨﺎ‬
‫ﻭﻜل ﺼِﻔﺎﺕ ﺇﻨﻠﻴل ﻭﺃﻓﻌﺎﻟﻪ ﻜﺎﻨـﺕ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜِﻼﺴﻴﻜﻴﺔ(؛ ﻭﻫﻲ ﺘﺘﻤﻴـﺯ ﻋـﻥ‬
‫ﺃﺤ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻟﻘـ ِﺔ ﺍﻟـﺫﻴﻥ ﺤـﺎﺭﺒﻭﺍ‬
‫ﺦ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺒﻠﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺴِ‬
‫"ﺃﻨﻭﻤﺎ ﺇﻴﻠﻴﺵ"‪ .‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ﱡﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺠﺯﻴﺭﺓ ِ‬
‫ﺼ ِﻘﱢﻠﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺃﺜﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻘﺘـﺎل‪.‬‬
‫ﺘﹸﻨﺴﺏ ﺇﻟـﻰ * ﺒﻌـل ﻭﻤـﺭﺩﻭﺥ‬
‫‪Marduk‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻴﻤﺒﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺨﻠﻭﻗﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻭﺘﹸﺭ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﺩ ﺃﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﺃﻨﻪ ﻟﻘﻲ ﻤﺼـﺭﻋﻪ ﺃﹶﻧ‪‬ﻮﺑِﻴﺲ‬
‫ﺘﻌﻴﺵ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻅﻬـﺭ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‪ .‬ﻭﻗـﺩ‬
‫ﺴﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﺇﻧ‪‬ﻜِﻲ‬
‫‪ENKI‬‬
‫"ﺇﻴﺭِﻴﺩ‪‬ﻭ ﺃﺒﻭ ﺸﻬﺭﻴﻥ" ﻟﻠﻤﺎﺀ‪ .‬ﻭﻗـﺩ‬
‫ﻋﺭِﻑ ﻤﻌﺒﺩ‪‬ﻩ ﺒﺎﺴﻡ "ﺇﻱ – ﺃﺒﭽﻭ" ﺃﻭ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺒﻴﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺨﻔﺽ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﺭﺘﺒﻁـﺕ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﺁﻭ‪‬ﻯ ﻜﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻴﻌ‪‬ﺒـﺩ ﻓـﻲ ﺃﺒﻴـﺩﻭﺱ‪.‬‬
‫ﺇﺘﻨﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺠﺯﻴﺭﺓ ﺼﻘﻠﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﻘـﺎل ﺇﻥ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﺤﺩﺙ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻘـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺯ‪‬ﻻﺯِ َ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻴﺒﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺠﺒل ﺇﺘﻨﺎ؛ ﺘﻨﺸـﺄ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻤﺤﺎﻭﻻﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻀﻨِﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﺤﺭﻴﺭ ﻨﻔﺴﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺇﻧ‪‬ﻠِﻴﻞ‬
‫‪EN-LIL‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﺫﻫﺏ ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻨـﻪ ﻜـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺠﺜﹶﺙ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺘﻰ‪.‬‬
‫ﻴﺸﺭﻑ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺘﺤﻨﻴﻁ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﻭ ﺍﺒﻥ *ﺃﻭﺯﻴـﺭﻴﺱ ﻭ*ﻨﻔﺘـﻴﺱ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻲ ﻟﻠﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ـﺫﹾﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻟـ ‪‬ﻪ‬
‫ﺇﻟ ‪‬ﻪ ﺒﺎ ِﺒِﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺘﺤﺕ ﺠﺒـل‬
‫ﺠ‪‬‬
‫ﺴِ‬
‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻨﻪ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺱ ﺍﺒـ ِ‬
‫ﻱ ﻗﺩﻴﻡ ﻟﻪ ﺭﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼ ِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺇﻟ ‪‬ﻪ ِﻤ ‪‬‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺕ ﻜﻠﻤ ﹸﺔ ﺇﻨﻔﻴﺭﻱ ﺒﺄﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﻌﻨﻲ ﻜل‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﺭ ﹾ‬
‫ﹸﻓ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻴﺩ ﺯﻴﻭﺱ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﺫﻫﺏ ﺃﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ‬
‫‪ANUBIS‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﻘﺎل ﺇﻥ ﺃﻤﻪ ﺃﻟﻘﺕ ﺒﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﻨﻁﻠﻘـﺕ‬
‫*ﺇﻴﺯﻴﺱ ﺘﺒﺤـﺙ ﻋﻨـﻪ ﻤﺴـﺘﻌﻴﻨﺔ‬
‫ﺒﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﻜﻼﺏ ﺤﺘﻰ ﻭﺠﺩﺘﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻨﺸﺄ‬
‫ﺃﻨﻭﺒﻴﺱ ﻓﻲ ﺤﺠﺭﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﺃﺼﺒﺢ ﻟﻬﺎ‬
‫‪١١٠‬‬
‫ﺍﺴﻤﻪ "ﺭﻗﻴﺏ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻜِﻼﺏ ﻭﺤﺎﺭِﺱ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺯ‪‬ﺭﺍﺩﺸﹾﺘﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻭ ﻓﻲ ﺼﺭﺍﻉ ﺩﺍﺌﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺎﻩ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﻴﻭﻥ ﻗﺒـل ﻭﺼـﻭل‬
‫ﻟﻬﺎ"؛ ﻭﻫﻭ ﻴﺸﺭﻑ ﻤﻊ "ﺃﺒـﻭ ﺃﻭﺕ"‬
‫ﻤﻊ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﺨﻴﺭ *َﺃﻫ‪‬ﻭﺭﺍﻤﺎﺯ‪‬ﺩﺍ‪ .‬ﻭﺭﺒﻤﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻓﺭﻴﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﹸﺭﻯ ﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﹰﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻫﻴﺌﺔ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻭﺘﹶﻰ؛ ﻓﻴﻘﻭﺩﻫﻡ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﻜﺎﻥ ﺃﺘﺒﺎﻉ ﺃﻫﺭﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﻫﻡ ﺁﻟﻬ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﹸﺭﺱ‬
‫ﺃﻋﻤﺩﺓ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺭﻤﺎل ﺘﺘﺼﺎﻋﺩ ﺃﺜﻨـﺎﺀ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺤﺎﺭﺴ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﺘﺎ ِﺒﻌ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺠﻭﻻﺘﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻤﻌﻨﻰ‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﺭ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻴـﺩﺓ‬
‫ﺯﻋﻴ ‪‬ﻡ ﹸﻗﻭ‪‬ﻯ ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻷﻀﺭﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﻌﻤل ﻋﻠﻰ ﻨﻀـﻭﺏ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻭﺏ‪ .‬ﻭﺭﺒﻤﺎ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺘﻪ‬
‫‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺯ ِ‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﻬﻨﺩﻴـ ﹸﺔ‬
‫ﺡ ﺒﻼﺩ‪‬ﻫـﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﺒﺎﺌـ ُ‬
‫ﺘﺠﺘﺎ ‪‬‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺭﺍﻗـﺏ ﻋﻤﻠﻴـ ﹶﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺍﺌِﻴﻴ‪‬ﻥ ﻭﺃﺒﻁﺎﻟﹸﻬﻡ؛ ﻭﺫﻟﻙ ﻗﺒـل ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺃﻗﺩﻡ ﻤﻥ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﺃﻭﺯﻴﺭﻴﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻌﻠﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﻁﹶﻭﻁﹶﻤﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺃﺼﻠﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺃﺨﺭﻯ ﺘﺫﻫﺏ ﺇﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﺜ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﺔ ﺭﻭﺍﻴﺎ ﹲ‬
‫ﻭﺭﺒﻤﺎ ﻴﻜﻭﻥ ﻗﺩ ﺍﺭﺘﻔﻊ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﻤﻘـﺎﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻵﻟِﻬﺔ ﻟﻴﺤﻭل ﺒﻴﻥ ﺒﻨﺎﺕ ﺁﻭ‪‬ﻯ ﻭﺒﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺙ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺘﻰ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍ ﹾﻟﺘِﻬﺎﻡ ﺠﺜ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻥ ﺃﺴﻤﺎﺌﻪ ﺃﻨﺒﻭ ﻭﺃﻨﻭﺏ ﻭﻭﻴﺏ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﹶﻧﻮﻧ‪‬ﺎﻛِﻲ ﺃﻭ ﺇﻧ‪‬ﻮﻛِﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻤﺎﻨﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﺘﻜﻭﻥ "ﺍﻟﺜﱡﻨﺎ ِﺌﻴ‪‬ـﺔ"‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﻘﻭل ﺒﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﺇﻟﻬﻴﻥ ﺃﺤـﺩﻫﻤﺎ‬
‫ﻥ ﻗﹸﻀـﺎﺓ‬
‫ﻉ ﺁ‪‬‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﺃﻁﻔﺎل ﻭَﺃﺘﹾﺒﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﻔﺯِﻋﻴﻥ ﻜﻤﺎ ﺠـﺎﺀ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻭﻤ‪‬ﺭﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ـﺭ ﺍﻵﻟﻬـ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﺤﻜﻤ ـ ِﺔ ﻭﻜﺒﻴـ‬
‫ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺭ ﹰﺓ‬
‫ـﺭ؛ ﺜﻤـ‬
‫ـﺎ ﻟﻠﺸـ‬
‫ـﺭ ﻭﺜﺎﻨﻴﻬﻤـ‬
‫ﻟﻠﺨﻴـ‬
‫ـﺩﺓ‬
‫ـﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻴـ‬
‫ـﺩ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﺨﻴ ـ ِﺭ ﻓـ‬
‫ﻭﻤﺼـ‬
‫ﺼﺭ‪‬ﻑ ﺍﻨﺘﺒـﺎ ِﻩ ﺍﻟﺠﻤـﺎﻫﻴﺭ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ِﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺁﻟﻬ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺠﻭﻡ ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ ﻏﺎﺼﻭﺍ ﺘﺤـﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻓﻕ ﻭﺃﺼﺩﺭﻭﺍ ﺍﻷﺤﻜـﺎﻡ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻤﺎ ﺘﺠﺩﺭ ﺍﻹﺸﺎﺭﺓ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺃﻥ ﺍﺴﻡ‬
‫ﻭﺤﺩﺩﻭﺍ ﺸﺭﻭﻁ ﺇﻗﺎﻤﺘﻬﻡ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‪.‬‬
‫‪AHRIMAN‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻴﻌﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺩﺍﻟﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﻫﻭﺭﺍﻤـﺎﺯﺩﺍ‬
‫ﺃﻫﺭﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻴﻨﻅﺭ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻨـﻪ‬
‫ﻫﻭ ﺭﻭﺡ ﺍﻟﺤﻜﻤﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻌﻴﺵ ﻭﺴـﻁ‬
‫ﺼﻴﻐﺔ ﻤ‪‬ﺅﻨﱠﺜﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﺴـﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻱ ﻻ ﻨﻬﺎﻴﺔ ﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫـﻭ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻤ ِﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﻀﻭﺀ ‪‬‬
‫ﺽ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻤﺔ؛ ﻤﻤﺎ ﻗﺩ ﻴ‪‬ﺭﺠ‪‬ﺢ ﺍﻻﻓﺘـﺭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﻏﺭﻴﻡ* ﺃﻨﺠﺭﺍﻤﺎﻴﻨﻴﻭ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﻌـﻴﺵ‬
‫ﺒﺄﻥ ﺫﻟﻙ ﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻤﺘـﺩﺍﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﻟﻼﻋﺘﻘـﺎﺩ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﻅﻼﻡ ﻜﺜﻴﻑ‪ .‬ﻭﻷﻫﻭﺭﺍﻤـﺎﺯﺩﺍ‬
‫ﺒﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﺃﻡ ‪‬ﻤ َﺅﻟﱠﻬﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ـﻴﻥ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ـﺽ ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺭﺴـ‬
‫ـﺭﻯ ﺒﻌـ‬
‫ﻭﻴـ‬
‫ﺃﻫﺭﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﺴﻡ ﻓﺎﺭﺴﻲ ﺤﺩﻴﺙ ﻴﻁﻠﻕ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ* ﺃﻨﺠﺭﺍﻤﺎﻴﻨﻴﻭ ﻤﺼﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﺸﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ـﺎﻩ‬
‫ـﻭﺍﻥ؛ ﻓﻭﻫﻭﻤﺎﻨــ‬
‫ﺴــﺘﺔ ﺃﻋــ‬
‫)"ﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﻥ"(‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺸﺎﻓﺎﻫﺸﺘﺎ )"ﺍﻟﺘـﺩﺒﻴﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻜﻡ"(‪ ،‬ﻭﺨﺸـﺎﺘﺭﻓﺎﻴﺭﻴﺎ )"ﻗـﻭﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﻴﺭ"( ﻭﺴﺒﻨﺘﺎ ﺃﺭﻤﺎﻴﺘﻲ )"ﺍﻟـﻭﻻﺀ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻜﻤﺔ"(‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻭﺭﻓﺎﺘﺎﺘﺎﺕ )"ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ‬
‫‪AHL AL-TURAB‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺨﺎﺭِﻗﺔ ﺘﺴﻜﻥ ﻋﺎﹶﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺘﺤﺕ‬
‫ﻜﺎﺌﻨﺎ ﹲ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻼﺡ"(‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻤﺭﻴﺘﺎﺕ )"ﺍﻟﺨﻠـﻭﺩ"(‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺴﺭﺍﻭﺸﺎ )"ﺍﻟﻁﺎﻋﺔ"(‪ ،‬ﻭﻟـﻪ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺭﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺭﻯ ﻓـﻲ ﺇﻓﺭﻴﻘﻴـﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻷﺤﻴﺎﻥ ﻋ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﺴﺎﺒﻊ ﻴﺴﺘﻜﻤل‬
‫ل ﺍﻟﻁـﻭﺍﺭﻕ ﺃﻥ ﻫـﺫﻩ‬
‫ﻭﺘﻌﺘﻘﺩ ﻗﺒﺎﺌ ُ‬
‫ﺒﻪ ﺃﻫﻭﺭﺍﻤـﺎﺯﺩﺍ ﺍﻟـﺭﻗﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﻘـﺩﺱ‬
‫ﻕ ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﻴ ‪‬ﺭ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺤﹸ‬
‫ﺡ ﹸﺘ ﹾﻠ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺭﻭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﻻ ﻴﻜﻭﻥ ﻤـﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋـﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺫﻯ؛ ﻓﻬﻲ ﺘﻌﺭﻗل ﺴﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻘﻭﺍﻓـل‬
‫ﻭﻜﺜﻴﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤﺎ ﻴﺄﺘﻠﻑ ﻫﺅﻻﺀ ﺍﻷﻋﻭﺍﻥ‪،‬‬
‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﺘﺼﻴﺏ ﺍﻹﺒـل ﺒﺎﻷﻭﺼـﺎﺏ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻭﻫﻡ ﻴﺩﺨﻠﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﺩِﺭ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻜـل ﺸـﻲﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﺭﺏ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ( ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷُﺴﻁﹸﻭﺭ ِﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﺎ ِﺒِﻠﻴ‪‬ﺔ؛ ﻫﻡ‬
‫ﺸ ِﺘﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻭ ﻋﺎﻟِﻡ ﺒﻜل ﺸﻲﺀ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺯ‪‬ﺭﺍ ‪‬ﺩ ﹾ‬
‫ﺠﺩ‪‬ﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﻏﺭ‪‬ﻤﺎﺌِﻬﻡ ﺍﻵﻟﻬ ِﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﺽ )ﺍﻟﻌــﺎﻟﹶﻡ ﺃﹶﻫ‪‬ﻞﹸ ﺍﻟﺘ‪‬ﺮﺍﺏ‬
‫)‪ (٢‬ﺁﻟِﻬــﺔﹸ ﺍﻷﺭ ِ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫‪AHURA-MAZDA‬‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫‪ANUNNAKI OR‬‬
‫‪ENNUKI‬‬
‫ﺃﹶﻫ‪‬ﺮِﳝﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺃﹶﻫ‪‬ﻮﺭﺍﻣﺎﺯ‪‬ﺩﺍ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺸ ِﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﻅـﻼﻡ‪،‬‬
‫ﺕ" ﺇﻟ ِﻪ ﺍﻟ ﹼ‬
‫ﺴ ﹾ‬
‫ﻥ"ِ‬
‫ﺃﻨﻪ ﺍﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﻫﺒﻭﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﻭﺍﺼﻑ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻬﻡ ﻟﻴﺴﻭﺍ ﺸﺨﺼﻴﺎﺕ ﻤﺘﻤﺎﻴﺯﺓ‪،‬‬
‫‪١١١‬‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ﺍﻨﻔﺼﻠﻭﺍ ﻋـﻥ ﺃﻫﻭﺭﺍﻤـﺎﺯﺩﺍ‪ ،‬ﺁﻫِﻲ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺴﺘﻘﻠﻭﺍ ﺒﺎﻟﻭﺠﻭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻭﺭﺩ ﺫﻜـﺭﻫﻡ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟـ *ﺃﻓﺴﺘﺎ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺄﺨﺭﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻨﻬﻡ‬
‫ﺁﻟﻬﺔ ﺃﻭ ﻁﻭﺍﻭﻴﺱ ﻤﻼﺌﻜﺔ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠـﻴﻬﻡ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﻴﺴﺎﻋﺩﻭﺍ ﺃﻫﻭﺭﺍﻤﺎﺯﺩﺍ ﻓﻲ ﻫِﺩﺍﻴﺔ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻌﺩ‪ ‬ﺃﻫﻭﺭﺍﻤﺎﺯﺩﺍ ﻏﺭﻴﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻹﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭ ﺃﻨﺠﺭﺍﻤﺎﻴﻨﻴﻭ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﺫﻫﺏ ﺇﺤـﺩﻯ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻁﻴﺭ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻨﻪ ‪‬ﺒﺭ‪‬ﺯ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﺒـﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﻙ ﺍﻋﺘــﺭﺕ‬
‫ﺜﻤــﺭ ﹶﺓ ﻟﺤﻅــ ِﺔ ﺸــ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻫﻭﺭﺍﻤﺎﺯﺩﺍ‪.‬‬
‫‪AHI‬‬
‫ﻭﻴ‪‬ﺼﻭ‪‬ﺭ ﺃﻨﺠـﺭﺍ ﻤـﺎﻴﻨﻴﻭ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻼ ﻟﺴـﺒﻨﺘﺎ ﻤـﺎﻴﻨﻴﻭ‬
‫"ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺜﺎﺕ" ﻤﻘـﺎﺒ ﹰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺡ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺩﺱ ﻷﻫﻭﺭﺍﻤﺎﺯﺩﺍ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﺫﻫﺏ ﺍﻷﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻭل‬
‫ﺨﻠِﻴﻘــﺔ ﻭﻫــﻭ‬
‫ﺭﺠــل ﻓــﻲ ﺍﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ ﺤﺭﻓﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟﺜﻌﺒﺎﻥ‪‬؛ ﻭﻫـﻭ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ﺃﻭﻟﺕ ﺩﻴﺎﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﻴﺎﻨﻴﺔ )ﺩﻴﻥ ﻫﻨﺩﻱ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻔِﻴ ِﺩﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﺍﻤـﺘﺹ‬
‫ﻴﻤﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﻭﺫﻴﺔ( ﻫـﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻔﻜـﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﻜﻭﻨﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺭﻗﺩ ﻤﻠﺘﻔ‪‬ﺎ ﺤـﻭل‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻨ ﹶﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ ﻓﻲ ﻋﻘﺎﺌﺩﻫﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﻌـﺩ‬
‫ـﺫﻫﺏ‬
‫ـﺎل‪ .‬ﻭﺘـ‬
‫ـﻭﻕ ﺍﻟﺠﺒـ‬
‫ـﻪ ﻓـ‬
‫ﻨﻔﺴـ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻫﻴﻤﺴﺎ ﺃﻭل ﺍﻟﻌﻬﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﺨﻤﺴﺔ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴﻁﻭﺭﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ *ﺇﻨﺩﺭﺍ ﺃﺭﺴـل‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻜﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟﻴﺎﻨﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻨﹼﺎﺴِـﻙ ﺍﻟﻴـﺎﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱡﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼﺎﻋِﻘ ﹰﺔ ﻗﻀﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﻨـﻴﻥ؛‬
‫ﻴﺭﺍﻋــﻲ ﺒﻜــل ﺩﻗــﺔ ﻗﻭﺍﻋــﺩﻫﺎ‬
‫ﻓﺘﺩﻓﻘﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﺜﻤﻴﻨﺔ ﻤـﻥ ﺒﻁﻨـﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﺼﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻁﺭﻓﺔ؛ ﻓﻬﻭ ﻻ ﻴﻘﺘـل‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﺸـﻘﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﺼـﺎﻋﻘﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺴـﺎﻟﺕ‬
‫ﺃﻭ ﻓﺭﻴﺘﺭﺍ ﻴﻁﻠﻕ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﹰﺎ ﺍﺴـﻡ‬
‫ﺜﻭﺏ ﺘﻜﺘﺴﻲ ﺒﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺩﺓ‪،‬‬
‫ﺸﻴﻁﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺤﺎﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻌﺘﺒﺭ ﺘﺠﺴـﻴﺩ‪‬ﺍ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻗﺘــﺭﻥ ﺍﺴــﻡ ﺃﻫﻭﺭﺍﻤــﺎﺯﺩﺍ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﻔﻴﺩﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒﺎﻹﻟﻪ *ﺯﻴﻭﺱ‬
‫ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻹﻟﻪ ﺒل ﻤـﺭﻭﺩﺍﺥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﻭﺫﻴﻭﻥ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﺌل ﻻ ﻴﺄﻜﻠﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﺤـ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﻟﻠﺸﺘﺎﺀ؛ ﻭﻟﻴﺱ ﻤﺠﺭﺩ ﻤﺨﺘﺯﻥ ﻟﻤﺎﺀ‬
‫ﻼ ﻤﻨﻬﻤـﺎ ﻗـﺩ‬
‫ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﻜﻬﺔ؛ ﻷﻥ ﻜ ﹰ‬
‫ﺢ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺩﻯ ﻤﺼﺭﻋ‪‬ﻪ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻓﹶـ ﹾﺘ ِ‬
‫‪AHIMSA‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻴﺩ ﹸﺓ ﺍﻟﻬﻨﺩﻴ ﹸﺔ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻟﻁﱠﻬﺎﺭﺓ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻼ‬
‫ﺕ ﺃﺼـ ﹰ‬
‫ﻀـ ﹾ‬
‫ﻋ ِﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ـﺎﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴـ‬
‫ﻴﺤﺘﻭﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺩِﻴﺩﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﻭﺫﻴﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻡ ﻻ ﻴﻔﻌﻠﻭﻥ ﺸﻴﺌًﺎ ﻴﺘﺠﺎﻭ‪‬ﺯ ﺍﻟﻌﻘل‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺍﺘﻬﻡ ﻭﻁﻌﺎﻤﻬﻡ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻟﻤـﺫﻫﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﺎﺘﻲ ﺸﺎﺌﻊ ﺒﻴﻨﻬﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨـﻪ ﻟـﻴﺱ‬
‫ﺸﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﺒﺼﻔﺔ ﻤﻁﻠﻘﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻻ ﻴـﺯﺍل‬
‫‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘ ِ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻔﺼﻴل ﻓﻲ ﺃﺤﺩ ﻜﺘﺏ ﺍﻷُﻭﺒﺎﻨِﻴﺸﺎﺩ‬
‫‪ Upanishad‬ﺤــﻭﺍﻟﻲ ﺍﻟﻘــﺭﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻊ ﻗﺒل ﺍﻟﻤﻴﻼﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﺸـﺎﺌﻌﺔ‬
‫ﺒﻴﻥ ﹸﻜلﱢ ﺍﻟﻁﱠﻭﺍﺌﻑ ﺍﻟﻬِﻨﺩﻴﺔ ﻤﻨﺫ ﺫﻟﻙ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺕ‪ .‬ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﺭﺍﻫﻤﻲ ﺃﻻ ﻴﺤـﺭ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﺃﻱ ﻤﺨﻠﻭﻕ ﺤﻴﺎﺘﹶﻪ؛ ﺴـﻭﺍﺀ ﺃﻜـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺇﻨﺴﺎﻨﹰﺎ ﺃﻡ ﻭ‪‬ﺤﺸﹰﺎ ﺃﻡ ﺩﻭﺩﺓ ﺃﻡ ﻨﺤﻠـﺔ؛‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩل ﺩﺍﺌﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﺤﻭل ﻤـﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻜﺎﻨـﺕ‬
‫ﻋﻘِﻴـﺩ‪‬ﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻫﻴﻤﺴﺎ ﺘﺴﺘﻤﺩ ﻗﻭﺘﻬﺎ ﻤﻥ ‪‬‬
‫ﺹ ﺍﻷﺭﻭﺍﺡ ﺃﻭ ﻻ‪ .‬ﻭﺇﺠﻤـﺎﻉ‬
‫ﺘﹶﻘ ‪‬ﻤ ِ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﺘﺨﺫ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻬﺏ ﻏﻁﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻟﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻏﻔﹾﻠﺔ ﺤﺸـﺭﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﻜـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻻ ﻴﺒﺘﻠ ‪‬ﻊ ﻓﻲ ﹶ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺼﻭ‪ ‬ﺭ ﻓﻲ ﻫﻴﺌﺔ‬
‫ﻴﺒﺎﺭﻙ ﺃﺘﺒﺎﻋﻪ‪ .‬ﻜﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼﻐﻴﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻭ ﻻ ﻴﺄﻜل ﺒﺎﻟﻠﻴل ﺤﺘـﻰ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﻴﺩﻴﻪ ﺨﺎﺘﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﻴﺭﻓﻊ ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ ﻜﺄَﻨـﻪ‬
‫ﻴﻁﺄ ﺃﻭ ﻴﺠﻠﺱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻱ ﻜﺎﺌﻥ ﺤـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩﻡ ﺤﺎﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻓﻲ ﻋﺭﻭﻕ ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﺁﻫﻲ‬
‫ﺭﺠل ﺠﻠﻴل ﻟﻪ ﻟِﺤﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺤـﻴﻁ ﺒـﻪ‬
‫ﺩﺍﺌﺭﺓ ﻤﺠﻨﺤﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻤﺴﻙ ﻓﻲ ﺇﺤـﺩﻯ‬
‫ﺃﻭ ﻴﻜﻨﺱ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﺃﻤﺎﻤﻪ ﺤﺘـﻰ ﻻ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺸﺠﺎﺭ؛ ﻓﺄﺨﺭﺠﺕ ﺜِﻤﺎﺭ‪‬ﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺩﻓﱠﻕ‬
‫ﺃﹶﻫِﻴﻤ‪‬ﺴﺎ‬
‫ﺼﻭ‪ ‬ﺭ ﻓﻲ ﻫﻴﺌﺔ‬
‫ﺃﻫﻭﺭﺍﻤﺎﺯﺩﺍ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﻤﺭﺡ ﻓﻲ ﺠﺴـﺩﻩ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺸﺭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‪ .‬ﻭﺴﻘﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺎﻩ‬
‫ﻕ‬
‫"ﻤﺎﻴﺎﻤﺎﺭﻴﺘﺎﻥ" ﺇﻨﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻭِﻟ ‪‬ﺩ ﻤﻥ ﻋ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺭ ِ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﻜﺎﺌﻥ ﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﺤﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺭﻤﺎل ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻓﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬ﺭ ﻟـ *ﻓﺭﻴﺘﺭﺍ ﺍﻟﺘِﻨﻴﻥ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﺴﻡ ﺁ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻨﻬﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺘﺠﻤ‪‬ﺩﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺒﻠﻴﻴﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺭﺽ؛ ﺤﺘﻰ ﻻ ﻴﺘﺴﺒ‪‬ﺏ ﻓﻲ ﻫﻼﻙ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﺭﻭﻱ ﺃﺨﺭﻯ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻨﺠﺭﺍﻤﺎﻴﻨﻴﻭ ﻜﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺒل ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺃﻻ ﻴﺼﺏ ﺍﻟﻤـﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺃﻱ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻹﺠﺎﺒـﺔ ﺒـﺎﻟﻨﻔﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺭﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﻌل ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﺴﺏ ﻀﺩ ﻋﺩﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﻻﺓ ﺍﻟﻔﻅﱠﺔ ﺒﺎﻟﺤﻴﺎﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺒﻴﻥ‬
‫‪١١٢‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ؛ ﺘﺅﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﻔﻜﺭﺓ ﻓـﻲ ﺴـﺎﺌﺭ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤﺠ‪‬ﻤﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺯﻤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺘـﺄﺨﱢﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺃﻭ ﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃُﻭﺒﻴﻜﹸﻭﻨﺴِــﻴﻔﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓــﻲ ﻴــﻭﻡ ‪٢٣‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﺜﻴﺭ ﻤﻥ ﻜﺘﺏ ﺍﻟﺒﺭﺍﻫﻤﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﺃﺼﺒﺢ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻨﻴﻁ ﻓﻨ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻨﺴِـﻴ‪‬ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﻏﺴﻁﺱ ﻓﻲ ﻓﹸﻭﻟﹾﻜﺎﻨﺎﻟﻴﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺘﻌﻭ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﻟﺴـﺤﺭ ﹸﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﺭ‪‬ﺍﻓـﻭﻥ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻵﻟﻬﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﹸﻘﺩ‪‬ﻡ ﻟﻬـﺎ ﺍﻟﻘـﺭﺍﺒﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻭ‪‬ﺴﻁﹶﻰ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﺴـﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬
‫ـﺎ‬
‫ـﻭﻥ ﺇﻟﻴﻬـ‬
‫ـﺎﺱ ﻴﺒﺘﻬﻠـ‬
‫ـﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻨـ‬
‫ﻭﻜـ‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫ﺃﹸﻭﺍﻧِﺲ‬
‫‪OANNES‬‬
‫ﺇﻟ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀِ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟـﻪ ﺠﺴـ ‪‬ﻡ ﺴـﻤﻜ ٍﺔ‬
‫‪.co‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ل ﻭﺴﻤﻜﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺩﻤﺎ ﺭﺠ ٍ‬
‫ﻭﺭﺃﺴﺎ ﺭﺠ ٍ‬
‫ﻁ ‪‬ﺒﻘﹰـﺎ ﻟﻤـﺎ ﺭﻭﺍﻩ‬
‫ل ﺴـﻤﻜﺔ؛ ِ‬
‫ﻭﺫﻴ ُ‬
‫ﻲ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺒﺭﻭﺴﻭﺱ ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺭﺥ ﺍﻟﺒـﺎﺒِﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻥ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺙ ﻗﺒل ﺍﻟﻤـﻴﻼﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫـﻭ‬
‫ﻤﺭﺍﺩﻑ ﻹﻴﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﺃﻭﺍﻨـﺱ ﻫـﻭ‬
‫ﺨﺭ‪ ‬ﻤﻥ ﺒﻴﺘﻪ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺸﺎﻁﺊ ﺍﻟﺨﻠـﻴﺞ‬
‫ﻭﺁ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻲ ﻟِـﻴ‪‬ﻌﱢﻠ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟﻨـﺎﺱ ﻭﻟﻴﺠـ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻴﻤﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻠﻘﻨﻬﻡ ﻓﻨﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﻀـﺎﺭﺓ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﺇﻟ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻟﺸﱢﻔﺎﺀ ﻭﺇﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺎ ِﻩ ﻭﺇﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﺨﺼ‪‬ﺏ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺃﹸﻭﺏ‬
‫ﺒﻴﻥ ﻟﻔﻅﻲ ﺃﻭﺏ ﻭﺁﺏ ﺒﻤﻌﻨﻰ ﺍﻷﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‪.‬‬
‫ﺽ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻷﻭﺏ ﺭ‪‬ﻭﺡ‬
‫ﺃﺩ‪‬ﻯ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻓﺘﺭﺍ ِ‬
‫ﺃﺤﺩ ﺍﻷﺠﺩﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺭﺒﻤﺎ ﺭﻭﺡ ﻤﻭﻤﻴﺎﺀ‬
‫ﺤﻨﱠﻁ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻨـﺎﻙ ﻓـﺭﺽ‬
‫ﺃﻭ ﺸﻲﺀ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫‪OPOSSUM‬‬
‫ﺱ ﻴﻀـﻊ‬
‫ﻲ ﻟﻪ ﻜﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻥ ﺃﻤﺭﻴﻜ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﻴﻭﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﺁﺨﺭ؛ ﻓﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﺒﻌل ﺘﺩل ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻴﺎﺩﺓ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻷﺭﻭﺍﺡ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ ﺍﻟﺸﺊ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻜﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﻌﺘﻘﹶﺩ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺡ ﺘﺴﻜﻥ ﻓﻴﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺤﺭ ﹸﺓ َﺃ ﹾﻨﺩ‪‬ﻭﺭ ﻫﻲ "ﺒﻌﻠـﺕ ﺃﻭﺏ"‬
‫ﹶﺘ ‪‬ﺭﺠ‪‬ﻤ ِﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻭﺭﺍﺓ ﺍﻟﺴـﺒﻌﻴﻨﻴﺔ ﻴﻌﻨـﻲ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﻜﺎﻥ ﺃﻭ ﻤﻠﻜﻴﺘﻪ؛ ﻭﻤﻥ ﺜﻡ ﻓﺈﻥ‬
‫ﻼ ﻫﻨﺩﺴـﻴ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻭﺏ ﻗﺩ ﻴﻜﻭﻥ ﺸﹶـ ﹾﻜ ﹰ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻷﻭﺏ ﺸﻲﺀ ﻤﺎﺩﻱ ﺃﻜﺜـ ‪‬ﺭ‬
‫ﻤﻨﻪ ﻤﻌﻨﻭﻱ‪ ،‬ﺃﺩﻯ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻴﻜـﻭﻥ‬
‫ﻻ ﻟﻤ‪‬ﻭﻤﻴﺎﺀ ﺃﻭ ﺭﺃﺱ ﻤﻭﻤﻴـﺎﺀ‪،‬‬
‫ﻤﻌﺎ ِﺩ ﹰ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻭﺕ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻹﻤﺴﺎﻙ ﺒﻪ؛ ﻓﻴﺭﻗـﺩ‬
‫ﻤﻨﻪ ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺡ ﻟﺘﺘﻜﻠﻡ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻤﻜﺎﻥ ﻤﺜـل‬
‫ﺒﻼ ﺤ‪‬ﺭﺍﻙ ﻭﻋﻴﻨﺎﻩ ﻤﻐﻠﻘﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺘﺤﻴ‪‬ﻥ‬
‫ﻫﻴﻜل ﺩﻟﻔﻲ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﹸﺘ ‪‬ﺭﺴ‪‬ﻡ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻤﺜـل‬
‫ل ﻓﺭﺼﺔ ﻴﻐﻔﹸـل ﻓﻴﻬـﺎ ﻋـﺩﻭ‪‬ﻩ‬
‫ﺃﻭ َ‬
‫ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻷﺸﻜﺎل ﺍﻟﻬﻨﺩﺴـﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘـﺄﺘﻲ‬
‫ﻟﻴﻬﺭ‪‬ﺏ ﻤﻨﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﹶﻓﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺠﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﺘـﺭﺍﺙ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻴﻬﻭﺩﻱ ﺃﻥ "ﺍﻷﻭﺏ ﻫـﻭ ﺍﻟﺜﻌﺒـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴـﺘﻜﻠﻡ ﻤـﻥ ﺇ ‪‬ﺒﻁِـﻪِ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﺩﻴﻭﻨﻲ ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﺘﻜﻠﻡ ﻤﻥ ﻓﻤﻪ"‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﺩﻴﻭﻨﻲ ﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﻤﺸﺎﺒﻬﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻨﻰ‬
‫ﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﺃﻭﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻜﺭ‪‬ﺭ ﺒﺼﻔﺔ ﻋﺎﻤـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻴﺘﺭﺩ‪‬ﺩ ﺫﻜﺭ ﺍﻷﻭﺒﻭﺴﻭﻡ ﻜﺜﻴـﺭ‪‬ﺍ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﻓﻭﻟﻜﻠﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻬﻨﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﺤﻤـﺭ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺠﻨﻭﺏ ﺃﻤﺭﻴﻜـﺎ ﺍﻟﺸﱠـﻤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻓﻭﻟﻜﻠﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺯﻨـﻭﺝ ﻭﺍﻟﺒـﻴﺽ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺠﻨــﻭﺒﻲ ﺍﻟﻭﻻﻴــﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤــﺩﺓ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺭﺍﺓ ﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ ﺒﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﺃﻭﺏ‪.‬‬
‫‪OPS‬‬
‫ﺨﺼ‪‬ﺏ ﻓﻲ ﺭﻭﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻤﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺇﻟﻬ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻑ *ﺭﻴﺎ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﺭﻭﻤﺎﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﻲ ﺘﹸﺭﺍ ِﺩ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﹸﺘﻌ‪‬ﺒﺩ ﻴﻭﻡ ‪ ١٩‬ﺩﻴﺴﻤﺒﺭ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺃُﻭﺒﺎﻟﹾﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻭﻡ ‪ ٢٥‬ﺃﻏﺴـﻁﺱ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭﻴﻜﻴــﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘــﺫﻫﺏ ﺇﺤــﺩﻯ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤِﻜﺎﻴــﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸــﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﺇﻟــﻰ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻭﺒﻭﺴﻭﻡ ﺃﺭﺍ ‪‬ﺩ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﻐﻴ‪‬ﺭ ﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻭﻥ‪ ‬ﺫﻴﻠﻪ‬
‫‪ww‬‬
‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻤـﺎ ﻴ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺩلﱡ‬
‫ﺒﻘﺩﻤﻴﻪ؛ ﻭﻫﻭ ﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ ﻤﺎﻜﺭ ﻴﺘﻅﺎﻫﺭ‬
‫ﻤﺭﺴﻭﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‪ ،‬ﹸﺘﺴ‪‬ـﺘﹶﺩﻋ‪‬ﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‪‬ﺘﻜﻠﱢﻡ ﻤﻥ ﺒﻁﻨﻪ؛ ﻭﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﺠﻌل ﺃﹸﻭﭘ‪‬ﺲ‬
‫ﺼﻭﺘﻪ ﻴﺼﺩﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‪،‬‬
‫ﺒﺎﻷﺸﺠﺎﺭ ﺒﺫﻴﻠﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺘﺸﺒ‪‬ﺙ ﺒﻔﺭﻭﻋﻬﺎ‬
‫‪w.‬‬
‫ﺃﻱ ﻤﺎﻟﻜﺔ ﻷﻭﺏ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻓﻴﻪ ﺼـﻐﺎﺭﻩ‪ ،‬ﻴﻤﻜﱢﻨـﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻴﺘﻌﻠﱠـﻕ‬
‫‪alk‬‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺭ ﻴﺘﻨﺒ‪‬ﺄ ﺒﺎﻟﻐﻴﺏ ﺒﺎﻻﺘﺼـﺎل‬
‫ﺴﺎ ِ‬
‫‪www.alkottob.com‬‬
‫ﺃﹸﻭﭘ‪‬ﻮﺳ‪‬ﻮﻡ‬
‫‪ott‬‬
‫‪ob‬‬
‫ﺍﻹﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻴﺄﺘﻲ ﺒـﻴﻥ ﺤـﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﺠﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺘﻌﺎﻭﻴﺫﻫﻡ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺸـﺎﺒﻪ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺇﻟﻬـ ﹰﺔ ﻟﻠﻨﻤـﺎﺀ ﺒﻠﻤـﺱ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺒﻴﺽ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻟﻭﻥ ﺒﻨﻲ‪ ،‬ﻓﺄﺸﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬
‫ﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﺭﺍﻜﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻴﻌﺭ‪‬ﺽ ﺫﻴﻠـﻪ‬
‫ﻟﻠﻨﺎﺭ ﻓﻔﻌل؛ ﻓﺄﺤﺭﻗﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﺸـﻌﺭ‬
‫ﺫﻴﻠﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﺫﻫﺒﺕ ﺭﻭﺍﻴﺔ ﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬
‫‪١١٣‬‬
‫ﺜﻌﻠﺏ ﻭﺃﺭﻨﺏ ﻟﻴﺴﺭﻗﻭﺍ ﻗﹶﻤﺤ‪‬ﺎ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻴﺘﻤﺘﻊ ﺒﻪ ﺁﺭﺜﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺸﺠﺎﻋﺔ ﻭﺇﻗﺩﺍﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺫﱠﻫﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﺃﻭﺜـﺭ ﻴﺤﻤـل‬
‫ﺤﻘل ﻗﺭﺏ ﻓﻨـﺎﺀ ﻤﻘﺒـﺭﺓ؛ ﻓﻭﺜﹶـﺏ‬
‫ﻭﺠﺎ ‪‬ﺀ ﻓﻲ ﻗﺼﻴﺩﺓ ﺃﺨﺭﻯ ﺃﻥ ﻤﺎﺒﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺃﺤﺩﻫﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺤﺭﻭﺒﻪ ﻜﻌﻠﻡ ﻟﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﺭﻯ‬
‫ﺢ ﹶﻓﻔﹶـ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻷﻭﺒﻭﺴـﻭﻡ‪،‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻡ ﺸﹶـ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﻜﺎﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻘـﺎﺘﻠﻴﻥ ﻤـﻊ ﺁﺭﺜـﺭ‪،‬‬
‫ـﺭ‬
‫ـﻲ "ﻜﺒﻴـ‬
‫ﺏ ﻴﻌﻨـ‬
‫ـﻭﺕ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻘ ـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻟـ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﺢ ﺃﻤﺴﻙ ﺒﻪ ﻤﻥ ﺫﻴﻠـﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﺒﻨﺩﺭﺍﺠﻭﻥ‪ ...‬ﻭﻤﻥ